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Materials Experience

Materials Experience
Fundamentals of Materials and Design

by Elvin Karana,Owain Pedgley,Valentina Rognoli

  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release : 2013-10-24
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 0080993761
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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There currently exists an abundance of materials selection advice for designers suited to solving technical product requirements. In contrast, a stark gap can be found in current literature that articulates the very real personal, social, cultural and economic connections between materials and the design of the material world. In Materials Experience: fundamentals of materials and design, thirty-four of the leading academicians and experts, alongside 8 professional designers, have come together for the first time to offer their expertise and insights on a number of topics common to materials and product design. The result is a very readable and varied panorama on the world of materials and product design as it currently stands. Contributions by many of the most prominent materials experts and designers in the field today, with a foreword by Mike Ashby The book is organized into 4 main themes: sustainability, user interaction, technology and selection Between chapters, you will find the results of interviews conducted with internationally known designers. These ‘designer perspectives’ will provide a ‘time out’ from the academic articles, with emphasis placed on fascinating insights, product examples and visuals

Materials Experience

Materials Experience
Chapter 1. Designing Material Experience

by Paul Hekkert,Elvin Karana

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-10-24
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 0128055804
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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If you aim to design a particular user experience, the material properties of the object may play a decisive role in being successful. Would the lightweight car door give you the proper impression of a luxury car? And does a perfectly polished doorknob feel natural? Maybe not. Materials can feel artificial, sound reliable, and (can make a product) look ‘cool’, they can be just pleasant to touch or look at, and cause us to experience disgust, admiration or surprise. In this chapter, we will look into these various ways in which materials can be experienced, ranging from the meanings we attribute to them, the aesthetic pleasure we obtain from perceiving them, and the emotions they may evoke in the context of a designed object. The goal of designing an intended (material) experience must be grounded in an understanding of the processes that underlie people’s material experiences more generally.

Materials Experience 2

Materials Experience 2
Expanding Territories of Materials and Design

by Owain Pedgley,Valentina Rognoli,Elvin Karana

  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release : 2021-09-23
  • Pages : 328
  • ISBN : 0128192453
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Materials Experience 2: Expanding Territories of Materials and Design is the follow-up companion to Materials Experience published in 2014. Materials experience as a concept has evolved substantially and is now mobilized to incorporate new ways of thinking and designing. Through all-new peer-reviewed chapters and project write-ups, the book presents critical perspectives on new and emerging relationships between designers, materials, and artifacts. Subtitled Expanding Territories of Materials and Design, the book examines in depth the increased prevalence of material-driven design practices, as well as the changing role of materials themselves, toward active and influential agents within and outside design processes. The book is essential reading for anyone involved in materials and design, containing 11 authoritative chapters and 18 illustrated accounts of contemporary research projects and practices. Presents both the knowledge and understanding of what ‘new and emerging materials’ are, where they come from, and how they can be used effectively in design Looks at how the professional responsibility of material selection is evolving into a more complex and active role of material ‘creation’ and ‘appropriation’ Explores how an elevated sensitivity to materials influence people’s experiences of the designed world

Materials Experience

Materials Experience
Chapter 24. Materials Selection for Product Experience: New Thinking, New Tools

by Owain Pedgley

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-10-24
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 0128056037
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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To meet the needs and desires of end users, design teams must select materials in a manner that thoughtfully balances functional and expressive product concerns. For functional concerns, materials information and selection tools of a technical nature, intended for use by engineers, are somewhat reluctantly adopted. For expressive concerns, designers usually rely on personal or company experiences, since no commercially available material selection tools exist. This chapter elaborates on the need to provide design teams – and industrial designers specifically – with improved materials selection tools, within the general remit of designing for product experience. Central to the argumentation is the proposition of what may be termed ‘user-centered materials selection’, for which four prototypical materials selection tools are presented. The chapter concludes that industrial designers should be encouraged to activate a personal material inspiration journey for their projects, prior to adopting any procedural material selection process typical of engineering.

Materials Experience

Materials Experience
Chapter 19. Materials Driven Design

by Aart van Bezooyen

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-10-24
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 0128055987
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Materials are like words. The more materials you get in touch with, the more solutions you can see and express. In traditional design methodologies for product development materials are often considered at a later stage, resulting in only a few “good” materials being considered defined by the limitations of costs and manufacturing requirements. Bringing materials at the early stage of the design process makes it possible to review a bigger variety of materials and explore its qualities. Exploring materials at the fuzzy front end has the character of an ongoing research in understanding the available materials and processes that surround us. Besides the potential to inspire designers with unexpected materials-driven solutions, exploring materials can be an effective tool for business to make more strategic use of materials for future products. This article focuses on the use of materials to inspire ideas (instead of realizing ideas) to make design more creative, more sustainable and more competitive.

Materials Experience

Materials Experience
Chapter 2. Sensing Materials: Exploring the Building Blocks for Experiential Design

by Hendrik N.J. Schifferstein,Lisa Wastiels

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-10-24
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 0128055812
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Materials play an important role in the sensory experience of products. The visual impression (color, gloss, pattern), tactual feeling (warmth, texture, weight), the sound (acoustical properties), smell and – when relevant - taste all depend on the material. Each material has a set of inherent material properties that affect a user's experience. Even though the senses are usually employed simultaneously, visual experience is prominent in material experience, partly because it is often the first modality to observe material characteristics. Nevertheless, the sensitivity for the other senses should not be neglected. Whereas vision provides users with the first impressions, the specific characteristics perceived through other modalities help in shaping the overall experience. The multisensory experience of warmth is used as an example to illustrate the individual impacts related to the use of different sensory modalities and to discuss how the senses work together in creating experiences that are coherent or involve incongruities.

Materials Experience

Materials Experience
Chapter 14. The Next Generation of Materials and Design

by Rob Thompson,Elaine Ng Yan Ling

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-10-24
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 0128055936
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Products are the result of the delicate touch of a craftsperson or demonstrate how a designer has mastered highly mechanized production. There is an opportunity for new material experiences to be explored and defined. Designers can lead this process, combining the technical and emotional aspects of material development, to create richer, more meaningful and future relevant product experiences. This chapter will explore some of the most exciting collisions between design, engineering and material science, whereby the practical and creative aspects of material development are in sync. Nature has been a role model throughout generations of materials development. With advancing technology, it is possible to interact with environments and contexts in new and unexpected ways, redefining our notion of what is manmade.

Materials Experience

Materials Experience
Chapter 11. Toward a New Materials Aesthetic Based on Imperfection and Graceful Aging

by Valentina Rognoli,Elvin Karana

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-10-24
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 0128055901
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Novel materials tend to prevent all forms of change in time and acquisition of signs of aging, which may affect their ‘perfect’ aesthetic qualities. It would not be wrong to claim that technological developments, the predominance of automation processes and quality controls have led - and been driven by - a trend favoring the dominance of an aesthetic model tied to perfection in every sphere of human life: the body, the style of life, products, and their materials. Such an aesthetic model tied to perfection can only be obtained with brand-new products and it inevitably encourages the possession of a ‘new’ one even if the ‘old’ one is still fully functional. As stated earlier by the pioneers in the design for sustainability domains, following such an aesthetic model stimulating the possession of the ‘new’ is a great threat to sustainable development. Founded in these discussions, in this chapter we address the implementation of a new approach to material aesthetics, based on imperfection and graceful aging. We discuss how both of these concepts can be used as a medium to express naturalness and uniqueness, and how they can create added values that can evoke longer-term attachment to products.

Materials Experience

Materials Experience
Chapter 22. From Stiffness of Iron–Carbon Diagrams to Weakness of Sensoriality: The Manifold Designerly Ways of Developing Engineering Competencies in Materials

by Luigi De Nardo,Marinella Levi

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-10-24
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 0128056010
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Teaching engineering to industrial designers is an exciting challenge. The lengthy, manifold ways to develop competencies in materials within the wide-ranging, eclectic population of designers began at the Politecnico di Milano in 1993, when the first Industrial Design School was founded in Italy. Since the days that iron-carbon diagrams spread panic among freshmen, a great deal of work has been done; today we can proudly observe the birth of many different educational models for teaching materials. This chapter analyzes and classifies four of those models by following their growing complexity: (i) teaching fundamentals of materials engineering and selection criteria to bachelor level classes; (ii) experiencing materials within studios; (iii) the degree in materials and engineering: from know-what to know-why; and (iv) from sense and perception to materials and technology: an inverted perspective for selecting materials. We illustrate basic concepts, teaching tools, and educational goals for each of these different but complementary approaches. Finally, we portray some case histories of the mutual effects between education and research.

Materials Experience

Materials Experience
Chapter 5. Manipulating the Material Code: The Transformation of Material Meaning in Contemporary Japanese Design

by Blaine Brownell

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-10-24
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 0128055847
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Materiality is known to be a critical dimension in the design of products and environments, yet the influence of material properties on the user experience is not well understood. A collection of examples produced by representatives of the current Japanese design vanguard reveals an astute understanding of audience expectations of material behaviors. By intentionally manipulating the expected material properties in their designs, these practitioners demonstrate the extent to which the act of transforming material characteristics can elevate user consciousness. This chapter highlights five primary strategies of material transformation employed by these designers: sensory manipulation, quasi-mimesis, transliteration, repurposing, and aggregation. Although these methods are presented in the context of Japanese design, the intent is to address universally applicable strategies that are not limited to a single culture or society.

Materials Experience

Materials Experience
Chapter 12. Conception and Realization of a Sustainable Materials Library

by Jakki Dehn

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-10-24
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 012805591X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This chapter will describe an investigation initiated in 1994 into the sustainable development of materials and the design process and show how this led eventually to the natural development of a physical, sustainable materials resource. It will consider the value of materials that are often thrown away and look at the creative potential of these new, less non-renewable, resource hungry materials. Interviews with designers, manufacturers, retail outlets and government from Europe, Asia and the USA form the basis of case studies. These highlight the importance of interdisciplinary collaboration and the designers’ involvement in developing markets for these materials, showing how unexpected outcomes have sustained industries and their supporting communities. With the library as an influential resource, it will look at the impact that these new materials are having on the next generation of designers.

Materials Experience

Materials Experience
Chapter 7. Materials and Social Sustainability

by Prabhu Kandachar

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-10-24
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 0128055863
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The term “Sustainability” has evolved during the last four decades to encompass 3 major aspects: Social-, Economic-, and Environmental sustainability. During the same period, the world has focused, however, mainly on economic sustainability. Rapid economic growth has resulted in enormous material prosperity, but also in a substantial increase in environmental impacts and a rapid depletion of material resources. To provide a high quality of life for a predicted world population of nine billion in 2050, the neglected aspect: social sustainability deserves urgent attention. Renewable resources offer good opportunities in this context. This chapter focuses on materials and social sustainability. Adding value to agricultural materials, such as natural fibers, by design and innovation can result in a positive impact on the quality of life of millions of peasants and farmers in the developing world.

Materials Experience

Materials Experience
Chapter 4. The Sound and Taste of Materials

by Zoe Laughlin,Philip Howes

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-10-24
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 0128055839
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Here we discuss multidisciplinary work on a sensoaesthetic theory of materials, studying and unraveling the interconnected nature of how we perceive the sensorial aspects of materials in relation to core physical properties. We consider the definition of material from scientific and artistic perspectives, and describe how experiments undertaken by a multidisciplinary team within the Institute of Making worked to draw these sides together in a coherent and productive fashion. The relationship between the objects created for studying the sound and taste of materials, and how their physical properties affect aesthetic perception of the objects, will be introduced as an innovative methodology for investigating material–user interactions.

Materials Experience

Materials Experience
Chapter 17. Biomimetic Materials

by Julian F.V. Vincent

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-10-24
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 0128055960
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biological materials cover the same range of physical properties as technical materials, and they are commonly more durable. They have the advantage that they are made of fewer components and are easily recycled. Their effectiveness relies on self-assembly of liquid crystalline structures whose molecules are stiffened by inter- or intra-molecular bonding rather than by high-energy internal bonding. Biomimetic materials cannot properly mimic such synthetic processes and use machines to assemble structures, but there are ways in which such molecular assemblies could be introduced, for instance by using a 'spinneret' based on that found in a spider or caterpillar in a rapid manufacturing machine. Design rules include hierarchy, composite structure, recyclability, controlled relaxation of parameters, and multifunctionality. We are still in the early stages of realizing such methods of manufacturing, much of it in the 'MakerBot' community. This essentially distributed approach to manufacturing seems quintessentially biological with many organisms (us) working at it with total (internet) communication with each other.

Materials Experience

Materials Experience
Chapter 21. Modeling Materials Technology and the Designers' Perceptual Span

by Eddie Norman

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-10-24
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 0128056002
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This chapter begins by noting the general relationship between modeling and designing. Some mathematical and visual strategies for modeling materials technology are discussed, and, in particular, the manner in which these models enhance the perceptual span of the designer is explored. The capabilities they enhance are identified and the limitations implicit within the models are noted within the increasingly complex context of design agendas. The key requirements concerning materials technology for the purposes of those engaged in designing, or ‘materials technology for design’, are discussed. The implications for design education of these positions are noted and the conclusion reached that, as with designing, modeling materials technology must facilitate the interaction, through all the senses, of the imaging of design concepts in the mind with their external representations.

Materials Experience

Materials Experience
Chapter 13. Sustainable Multipurpose Materials for Design

by Sascha Peters

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-10-24
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 0128055928
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Car bodies made by spider silk proteins, furniture made from fish scales, lightweight panels made of bamboo rings or light reflecting concrete: these are just some of the most striking examples of a development that will take on a revolutionary character in the near future. Natural biomass, lightweight materials and smart material concepts that incorporate an additional inner quality are becoming more and more prevalent. The world seems to be undergoing radical change. Materials are becoming more natural, healthier and more sustainable. The design sector has been the most active in discovering the possibilities inherent in these innovative materials through the development of a new product culture whose most important aspect is sustainability. Designers prepare the ground for promising innovative materials to enter the marketplace and, through dialogue with manufacturers, foster the development of new material or come up with problem solving materials on their own. In this chapter, we provide an overview of developments in the bio-based and sustainable material sector as well as in the fields of lightweight construction solutions and intelligent materials.

Materials Experience

Materials Experience
Chapter 18. Lightweight Materials, Lightweight Design?

by Erik Tempelman

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-10-24
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 0128055979
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Lightweight design is often associated with the application of lightweight materials, but that is only part of the story. In fact, if one would reduce the one to the other, the most probable outcome will be just a very modest weight saving, gained at a very high price. This chapter aims to tell the full story of how lightweight materials fit within lightweight design, presented in the form of seven design rules. In doing so, it reveals several surprising materials that designers can use to make things – parts, products, structures – lighter, and shows why lightweight design matters, more now than ever before.

Materials Experience

Materials Experience
Chapter 20. Interaction between Functional and Human-Centered Attributes in Materials Selection

by Kevin Edwards

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-10-24
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 0128055995
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Product design is seen as the amalgamation of technical and industrial design in order to create successful products. All too often however, technical and industrial design is conducted separately, or the influence of industrial design ignored. All physical products are made from materials and selecting the most appropriate is a key aspect of the design process. However, trying to satisfy a set of contradictory design requirements from a range of materials with different properties and characteristics is not easy. There are numerous databases of material properties and analytical methods for selecting materials but these are mainly aimed at technical design. The support available for selecting materials' characteristics associated with industrial design is much less developed. The interaction of materials' properties are considered from the different perspectives of achieving technical performance and satisfying human-centered needs, focusing on strategies for selecting materials that take into consideration both aspects together in product design.

Materials Experience

Materials Experience
Chapter 3. Tactile Aesthetics of Materials and Design

by Hengfeng Zuo,Tony Hope,Mark Jones

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-10-24
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 0128055820
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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During the user-product interaction process, tactile feeling of materials plays a vital role. This chapter starts from understanding the essence of texture beyond the visual domain, explores the perception dimensions of material textures via the sense of touch, i.e., geometrical dimension, physical-chemical dimension, emotional dimension and associative dimension. The concept and method of optimum texture design will be discussed, where the correlations between the perception dimensions and the relationships between subjective feelings and underlying physical properties or parameters of materials are brought to attention. To bring the findings of the research into practical application within design projects, a material-aesthetics database has been developed.

Materials Experience

Materials Experience
Chapter 6. The Immaterial of Materials

by Jonathon Allen

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-10-24
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 0128055855
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Beyond physical and performance characteristics, there are several other, often tacit, criteria that guide or influence designers’ selection of materials. These criteria, or choices, reveal more about the designer – his or her tastes, values and preferences. These are not merely abstract matters, however, but rather the very essence of a designer’s knowledge and experience that shapes and influences our world when applied in designed artifacts. Through a series of illustrated examples, this chapter explores some of the immaterial dimensions of material selection – not immaterial in the English sense of being unimportant, but rather immaterial because it deals with the intangible and deeper philosophical, social, cultural, environmental and political dimensions of material selection.