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The Tantalum Isotope Inventory of Terrestrial and Early Solar System Materials

The Tantalum Isotope Inventory of Terrestrial and Early Solar System Materials
A Book

by Markus Pfeifer

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2017
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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NanoSIMS and Beyond

NanoSIMS and Beyond
Presolar Grains in Primitive Materials and Early Solar System Formation

by Jemma Davidson

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Lu-Hf Isotope Systematics of Early Solar System Materials

The Lu-Hf Isotope Systematics of Early Solar System Materials
A Book

by Rebecca Bast

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2016
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Meteorites and the Early Solar System II

Meteorites and the Early Solar System II
A Book

by Dante S. Lauretta,Harry Y. McSween

  • Publisher : University of Arizona Press
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 943
  • ISBN : 9780816525621
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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They range in size from microscopic particles to masses of many tons. The geologic diversity of asteroids and other rocky bodies of the solar system are displayed in the enormous variety of textures and mineralogies observed in meteorites. The composition, chemistry, and mineralogy of primitive meteorites collectively provide evidence for a wide variety of chemical and physical processes. This book synthesizes our current understanding of the early solar system, summarizing information about processes that occurred before its formation. It will be valuable as a textbook for graduate education in planetary science and as a reference for meteoriticists and researchers in allied fields worldwide.

Deformation of Synthetic Early Solar System Materials

Deformation of Synthetic Early Solar System Materials
Implications for Core Formation

by Nathan Jeffrey Groebner

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2000
  • Pages : 202
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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High-precision Measurements of Heavy P-process Isotopes in Early Solar System Materials

High-precision Measurements of Heavy P-process Isotopes in Early Solar System Materials
A Book

by Stefan Theodorus Maria Peters

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2014
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Cosmochemistry

Cosmochemistry
A Book

by Harry Y. McSween, Jr,Gary R. Huss

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2010-04-29
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 1139489461
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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How did the Solar System's chemical composition evolve? This textbook provides the answers in the first interdisciplinary introduction to cosmochemistry. It makes this exciting and evolving field accessible to undergraduate and graduate students from a range of backgrounds, including geology, chemistry, astronomy and physics. The authors - two established leaders who have pioneered developments in the field - provide a complete background to cosmochemical processes and discoveries, enabling students outside geochemistry to understand and explore the Solar System's composition. Topics covered include: - synthesis of nuclides in stars - partitioning of elements between solids, liquids and gas in the solar nebula - overviews of the chemistry of extraterrestrial materials - isotopic tools used to investigate processes such as planet accretion and element fractionation - chronology of the early Solar System - geochemical exploration of planets Boxes provide basic definitions and mini-courses in mineralogy, organic chemistry, and other essential background information for students. Review questions and additional reading for each chapter encourage students to explore cosmochemistry further.

Natural Quasicrystals

Natural Quasicrystals
The Solar System’s Hidden Secrets

by Luca Bindi

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-04-20
  • Pages : 89
  • ISBN : 3030456773
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book describes the discovery of quasicrystals (icosahedral and decagonal) in an extraterrestrial rock from the Koryak Mountains of Far Eastern Russia. After a decade-long search for a natural quasicrystal, this discovery opened a new avenue in mineralogy and crystallography that could lead to further discoveries in geoscience, astronomy, condensed matter physics, and materials engineering. For the first time, minerals have been discovered that violate the symmetry restrictions of conventional crystallography. The natural occurrence of such crystals was unexpected, involving previously unknown processes. The fact that the quasicrystals were found in a meteorite formed in the earliest moments of the solar system means these processes have been active for over 4.5 billion years and have influenced the composition of the first objects to condense around the Sun. Finding quasicrystals formed in these extreme environments also informed the longstanding debate concerning the stability and robustness of quasicrystals. Recent shock experiments lend support to the hypothesis that the extraterrestrial quasicrystals formed as a result of hypervelocity impacts between objects in the early Solar system, and that they are probably less rare in the Milky Way.

Isotopic Ratios in the Solar System, Anglais

Isotopic Ratios in the Solar System, Anglais

by Centre national d'études spatiales (France)

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1985
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Oxygen in the Solar System

Oxygen in the Solar System
A Book

by Glenn J. MacPherson

  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Release : 2018-12-17
  • Pages : 618
  • ISBN : 1501508504
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Volume 68 of Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry reviews Oxygen in the Solar System, an element that is so critically important in so many ways to planetary science. The book is based on three open workshops: Oxygen in the Terrestrial Planets, held in Santa Fe, NM July 20-23, 2004; Oxygen in Asteroids and Meteorites, held in Flagstaff, AZ June 2-3, 2005; and Oxygen in Earliest Solar System Materials and Processes (and including the outer planets and comets), held in Gatlinburg, TN September 19-22, 2005. As a consequence of the cross-cutting approach, the final book spans a wide range of fields relating to oxygen, from the stellar nucleosynthesis of oxygen, to its occurrence in the interstellar medium, to the oxidation and isotopic record preserved in 4.56 Ga grains formed at the Solar System's birth, to its abundance and speciation in planets large and small, to its role in the petrologic and physical evolution of the terrestrial planets. Contents: Introduction Oxygen isotopes in the early Solar System - A historical perspective Abundance, notation, and fractionation of light stable isotopes Nucleosynthesis and chemical evolution of oxygen Oxygen in the interstellar medium Oxygen in the Sun Redox conditions in the solar nebula: observational, experimental, and theoretical constraints Oxygen isotopes of chondritic components Mass-independent oxygen isotope variation in the solar nebula Oxygen and other volatiles in the giant planets and their satellites Oxygen in comets and interplanetary dust particles Oxygen and asteroids Oxygen isotopes in asteroidal materials Oxygen isotopic composition and chemical correlations in meteorites and the terrestrial planets Record of low-temperature alteration in asteroids The oxygen cycle of the terrestrial planets: insights into the processing and history of oxygen in surface environments Redox conditions on small bodies, the Moon and Mars Terrestrial oxygen isotope variations and their implications for planetary lithospheres Basalts as probes of planetary interior redox state Rheological consequences of redox state

Exploring the Trans-Neptunian Solar System

Exploring the Trans-Neptunian Solar System
A Book

by National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Space Studies Board,Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications,Committee on Planetary and Lunar Exploration

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 1998-04-29
  • Pages : 60
  • ISBN : 9780309174121
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In the last decade, our knowledge of the outer solar system has been transformed as a result of the Voyager 2 encounter with Neptune and its satellite Triton and from Earth-based observations of the Pluto-Charon system. However, the planetary system does not simply end at the distance of Pluto and Neptune. In the past few years, dozens of bodies have been discovered in near-circular, low inclination orbits near or beyond the orbit of Neptune. These bodies are now believed to be directly related to each other and to Pluto, Charon, and Triton, and as a class they define and occupy the inner boundary of a hitherto unexplored component of the solar system, the trans-neptunian region. Exploring the Trans-Neptunian Solar System reviews current understanding of the trans-neptunian solar system and makes recommendations for the future exploration of this distant realm.

Earth's Oldest Rocks

Earth's Oldest Rocks
A Book

by Martin J. van Kranendonk,Vickie Bennett,Hugh R.H. Smithies

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2007-10-26
  • Pages : 1330
  • ISBN : 9780080552477
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Earth’s Oldest Rocks provides a comprehensive overview of all aspects of early Earth, from planetary accretion through to development of protocratons with depleted lithospheric keels by c. 3.2 Ga, in a series of papers written by over 50 of the world's leading experts. The book is divided into two chapters on early Earth history, ten chapters on the geology of specific cratons, and two chapters on early Earth analogues and the tectonic framework of early Earth. Individual contributions address topics that range from planetary accretion, a review of Earth meteorites, significance and composition of Hadean protocrust, composition of Archaean mantle and deep crust, all aspects of the geology of Paleoarchean cratons, composition of Archean oceans and hydrothermal environments, evidence and geological settings of early life, early Earth analogues from Venus and New Zealand, and a tectonic framework for early Earth. * Contains comprehensive reviews of areas of ancient lithosphere on Earth, of planetary accretion processes, and of meteorites * Focuses on specific aspects of early Earth, including oldest putative life forms, evidence of the composition of the ancient atmosphere-hydrosphere, and the oldest evidence for subduction-accretion * Presents an overview of geological processes and model of the tectonic framework on early Earth

The Astrophysical Implications of the Laboratory Study of Presolar Materials

The Astrophysical Implications of the Laboratory Study of Presolar Materials
A Book

by Thomas J. Bernatowicz,Ernst K. Zinner

  • Publisher : A I P Press
  • Release : 1997
  • Pages : 750
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Annotation Contains revised papers from a fall 1996 conference, in sections on the microanalytical study of presolar material from meteorites, theory of nucleosynthesis and stellar evolution, isotopic composition of the galaxy, mixing and grain formation in supernova ejecta, grain formation around stars, the interstellar medium and molecular clouds, presolar cloud collapse and formation of the solar nebula, and survival of presolar grains. Contributors come from related fields of meteoritics, materials science, observational astronomy, and theoretical astrophysics. No index. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.

Astrobiology

Astrobiology
Understanding Life in the Universe

by Charles S. Cockell

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2020-04-09
  • Pages : 632
  • ISBN : 1119550300
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A guide to understanding the formation of life in the Universe The revised and updated second edition of Astrobiology offers an introductory text that explores the structure of living things, the formation of the elements required for life in the Universe, the biological and geological history of the Earth, and the habitability of other planets. Written by a noted expert on the topic, the book examines many of the major conceptual foundations in astrobiology, which cover a diversity of traditional fields including chemistry, biology, geosciences, physics, and astronomy. The book explores many profound questions such as: How did life originate on Earth? How has life persisted on Earth for over three billion years? Is there life elsewhere in the Universe? What is the future of life on Earth? Astrobiology is centered on investigating the past and future of life on Earth by looking beyond Earth to get the answers. Astrobiology links the diverse scientific fields needed to understand life on our own planet and, potentially, life beyond. This new second edition: Expands on information about the nature of astrobiology and why it is useful Contains a new chapter “What is Life?” that explores the history of attempts to understand life Contains 20% more material on the astrobiology of Mars, icy moons, the structure of life, and the habitability of planets New ‘Discussion Boxes’ to stimulate debate and thought about key questions in astrobiology New review and reflection questions for each chapter to aid learning New boxes describing the careers of astrobiologists and how they got into the subject Offers revised and updated information throughout to reflect the latest advances in the field Written for students of life sciences, physics, astronomy and related disciplines, the updated edition of Astrobiology is an essential introductory text that includes recent advances to this dynamic field.

The Origin and Evolution of the Solar System

The Origin and Evolution of the Solar System
A Book

by Michael M. Woolfson

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2000-01-01
  • Pages : 420
  • ISBN : 9781420033359
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The origin of the solar system has been a matter of speculation for many centuries, and since the time of Newton it has been possible to apply scientific principles to the problem. A succession of theories, starting with that of Pierre Laplace in 1796, has gained general acceptance, only to fall from favor due to its contradiction in some basic scientific principle or new heavenly observation. Modern observations by spacecraft of the solar system, the stars, and extra-solar planetary systems continuously provide new information that may be helpful in finding a plausible theory as well as present new constraints for any such theory to satisfy. The Origin and Evolution of the Solar System begins by describing historical (pre-1950) theories and illustrating why they became unacceptable. The main part of the book critically examines five extant theories, including the current paradigm, the solar nebula theory, to determine how well they fit with accepted scientific principles and observations. This analysis shows that the solar nebula theory satisfies the principles and observational constraints no better than its predecessors. The capture theory put forward by the author fares better and also indicates an initial scenario leading to a causal series of events that explain all the major features of the solar system.

An Introduction to the Solar System

An Introduction to the Solar System
A Book

by David A. Rothery,Neil McBride,Iain Gilmour

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2018-01-11
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 1108356427
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Ongoing advances in Solar System exploration continue to reveal its splendour and diversity in remarkable detail. This undergraduate-level textbook presents fascinating descriptions and colour images of the bodies in the Solar System, the processes that occur upon and within them, and their origins and evolution. It highlights important concepts and techniques in boxed summaries, while questions and exercises are embedded at appropriate points throughout the text, with full solutions provided. Written and edited by a team of practising planetary scientists, this third edition has been updated to reflect our current knowledge. It is ideal for introductory courses on the subject, and is suitable for self-study. The text is supported by online resources, hosted at www.cambridge.org/solarsystem3, which include selected figures from the book, self-assessment questions and sample tutor assignments, with outlines of suggested answers.

Solar System Exploration

Solar System Exploration
This is the 2006 Solar System Exploration Roadmap for NASA's Science Mission Directorate

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 142
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Saturn from Cassini-Huygens

Saturn from Cassini-Huygens
A Book

by Michele Dougherty,Larry Esposito,Stamatios Krimigis

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2009-09-30
  • Pages : 805
  • ISBN : 1402092172
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is one of two volumes meant to capture, to the extent practical, the scienti?c legacy of the Cassini-Huygens prime mission, a landmark in the history of planetary exploration. As the most ambitious and interdisciplinary planetary exploration mission ?own to date, it has extended our knowledge of the Saturn system to levels of detail at least an order of magnitude beyond that gained from all previous missions to Saturn. Nestled in the brilliant light of the new and deep understanding of the Saturn planetary system is the shiny nugget that is the spectacularly successful collaboration of individuals, - ganizations and governments in the achievement of Cassini-Huygens. In some ways the pa- nershipsformedandlessonslearnedmaybethemost enduringlegacyofCassini-Huygens.The broad, international coalition that is Cassini-Huygens is now conducting the Cassini Equinox Mission and planning the Cassini Solstice Mission, and in a major expansion of those fruitful efforts, has extended the collaboration to the study of new ?agship missions to both Jupiter and Saturn. Such ventures have and will continue to enrich us all, and evoke a very optimistic vision of the future of international collaboration in planetary exploration. The two volumes in the series Saturn from Cassini-Huygens and Titan from Cassini- Huygens are the direct products of the efforts of over 200 authors and co-authors. Though each book has a different set of three editors, the group of six editors for the two volumes has worked together through every step of the process to ensure that these two volumes are a set.

Government Reports Announcements & Index

Government Reports Announcements & Index
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1994
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Progress of Theoretical Physics

Progress of Theoretical Physics
Supplement

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1988
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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