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Measuring Transport Equity

Measuring Transport Equity
A Book

by Karen Lucas,Karel Martens,Floridea Di Ciommo,Ariane Dupont-Kieffer

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-06-15
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 0128148187
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Measuring Transport Equity provides a methodology with the potential to shape the transportation decision-making processes, thus allowing for the adoption of more equitable transport solutions. Focusing on numerous applied methodological approaches to transport equity assessment, the book formalizes the disciplinary practice, definitions and methodologies for transport equity. In addition, it recognizes the different types of equity and acknowledges that each requires their own assessment methodologies. Bringing together the most up-to-date perspectives and practical approaches for assessing transportation accessibility, environmental impacts, health and wellbeing, the book sets standards for researchers, policymakers and practitioners for conducting social impact analyses. Written by a collection of top researchers in the transport field Shows how to apply transport equity measurement ideas in the real-world through case study examples Covers emerging transport topics, including the use of the Gini index for measuring inequality Includes learning aids, such as methodology, application, policy relevance and further reading

Handbook of Sustainable Transport

Handbook of Sustainable Transport
A Book

by Carey Curtis

  • Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
  • Release : 2020-12-25
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN : 1789900476
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Exploring the need for a sustainable transport paradigm, which has been sought after by local and national authorities internationally over the last 30 years, this illuminating and timely Handbook offers insights into how this can be secured more broadly and what it may involve, as well as the challenges that the sustainable transport approach faces. The Handbook offers readers a holistic understanding of the paradigm by drawing on a wide range of research and relevant case studies that showcase where the principles of sustainable transport have been implemented.

Measuring Transportation Network Performance

Measuring Transportation Network Performance
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Transportation Research Board
  • Release : 2010-01-01
  • Pages : 76
  • ISBN : 0309154928
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This guidebook provides methods for integrating performance measures from individual transportation modes and multiple jurisdictions and for developing new measures, if needed, to monitor transportation network performance. These network performance measures can be used to improve system management, planning, and investment decisions and can be applied to various scenarios. The guidebook should be of immediate use to practitioners in state, regional, or local governments; specially designated authorities; or those in the private sector who are responsible for measuring, operating, and investing in the performance of multimodal and/or multijurisdictional transportation networks.

Transport Justice

Transport Justice
Designing fair transportation systems

by Karel Martens

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2016-07-01
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN : 1317599578
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Transport Justice develops a new paradigm for transportation planning based on principles of justice. Author Karel Martens starts from the observation that for the last fifty years the focus of transportation planning and policy has been on the performance of the transport system and ways to improve it, without much attention being paid to the persons actually using – or failing to use – that transport system. There are far-reaching consequences of this approach, with some enjoying the fruits of the improvements in the transport system, while others have experienced a substantial deterioration in their situation. The growing body of academic evidence on the resulting disparities in mobility and accessibility, have been paralleled by increasingly vocal calls for policy changes to address the inequities that have developed over time. Drawing on philosophies of social justice, Transport Justice argues that governments have the fundamental duty of providing virtually every person with adequate transportation and thus of mitigating the social disparities that have been created over the past decades. Critical reading for transport planners and students of transportation planning, this book develops a new approach to transportation planning that takes people as its starting point, and justice as its end.

Accessibility, Equity and Efficiency

Accessibility, Equity and Efficiency
Challenges for Transport and Public Services

by Karst T. Geurs,Roberto Patuelli,Tomaz Ponce Dentinho

  • Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
  • Release : 2016-02-26
  • Pages : 264
  • ISBN : 1784717894
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Leading researchers from around the world show, in this volume, the importance of accessibility in contemporary issues such as rural depopulation, investments in public services and public transport, and transport infrastructure investments in Europe. The trade-offs between accessibility, economic development and equity are comprehensively examined, and a variety of approaches to measuring accessibility and equality presented. The book’s interdisciplinary contributions also provide different geographical contexts, from the US to various European and developing countries, and cover ex ante and ex post evaluation of transport investment. Improving transport accessibility is a main objective in transport policy and planning in developed and developing countries all over the world. Investment is motivated by the need to develop and/or reduce spatial or social inequalities. However, the economic and equity implications of investments in transport are not straightforward. The concepts of accessibility and equity can be defined and operationalized in many different ways, influencing outcomes and conclusions. Moreover, equity and efficiency goals are often conflicting. Accessibility models not only help to explain spatial and transport patterns in developed and developing countries but are also powerful tools to explain the equity and efficiency impacts of urban and transport policies and projects. This state-of-the-art overview of the accessibility–economic efficiency–equity relationship will appeal to researchers as well as transport and urban planners interested in accessibility issues and transport/regional developments.

Urban Mobility and Social Equity in Latin America

Urban Mobility and Social Equity in Latin America
Evidence, Concepts, Methods

by Daniel Oviedo,Natalia Villamizar Duarte,Ana Ardila Pinto

  • Publisher : Emerald Group Publishing
  • Release : 2020-11-16
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 1787690113
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume of Transport and Sustainability focuses on how spatial and social mobilities are intertwined in the reproduction of spatial and social inequities in Latin American cities.

Equity and Well-Being

Equity and Well-Being
Measurement and Policy Practice

by Hyun Hwa Son

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2013-04-03
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN : 113657932X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Equity is an abstract concept covering philosophical issues such as fairness and social justice, making its definition and measurement complex. This volume tackles these complexities head-on. The book is enriched with many empirical analyses and provides a comprehensive analysis of equity ranging from concepts and measurements to empirical illustrations and policy implications. After an extensive discussion on equity in the introduction, this volume begins with a chapter on well-being where the concepts of functioning and capability are discussed. This is followed by a few chapters on what an equitable distribution is and how equity can be measured. The volume then provides a definition and a methodology to measure equitable growth, examining the relationship between growth, inequality, and poverty. It also presents various empirical illustrations and country-specific experiences with three country case studies which assess whether publicly provided health and education services are equitable in developing Asia, examining the extent to which these social services favor the poor as well as the policy challenges to a more equitable delivery of these services. Finally, these country studies provide evidence–based policy recommendations to improve equity in social service delivery in developing countries. Achieving social equity has long been an important policy goal. There are relatively few studies on equity. This book aims to help fill this gap with an in-depth analysis of the issues associated with equity, covering its concept, measurement, and policy practices and implications.

Integrating Gender Into Transport Planning

Integrating Gender Into Transport Planning
From One to Many Tracks

by Christina Lindkvist Scholten,Tanja Joelsson

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2019
  • Pages : 292
  • ISBN : 9783030050436
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This edited collection brings together feminist research on transport and planning from different epistemologies, with the intention to contribute to a more holistic transport planning practice. With a feminist perspective on transport policy and planning, the volume insists on the political character of transport planning and policy, and challenges gender-blindness in a policy area that impacts the everyday lives of women, men, girls, and boys. The chapters discuss everyday mobility as an embodied and situated activity in both conceptual and theoretical ways and suggest practical tools for change. The contributions of this collection are threefold: integrating gender research and transport planning, combining quantitative and qualitative gender research perspectives and methods, and highlighting the need to acknowledge the politicization of transport planning and transport practice.

Accessibility Analysis and Transport Planning

Accessibility Analysis and Transport Planning
Challenges for Europe and North America

by Karst T. Geurs,Kevin J. Krizek,Aura Reggiani

  • Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
  • Release : 2012-01-01
  • Pages : 300
  • ISBN : 1781000115
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Accessibility is a concept central to integrated transport and land use planning. The goal of improving accessibility Ð for all modes, for all people Ð has made its way into mainstream transport policy and planning in communities worldwide. This unique book introduces new accessibility approaches to transport planning across Europe and the United States. The expert contributors present advanced interdisciplinary approaches in accessibility research and modelling with best practices in accessibility planning and evaluation, to better support integrated transport and land-use policy-making. This book will prove an absorbing read for scholars, researchers and students working on accessibility issues across different academic fields including transport geography, spatial economics and social science. Transport and urban planners will also find the book to be an invaluable reference tool.

Streetfight

Streetfight
Handbook for an Urban Revolution

by Janette Sadik-Khan,Seth Solomonow

  • Publisher : Penguin
  • Release : 2016-03-08
  • Pages : 368
  • ISBN : 0698409418
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Like a modern-day Jane Jacobs, Janette Sadik-Khan transformed New York City's streets to make room for pedestrians, bikers, buses, and green spaces. Describing the battles she fought to enact change, Streetfight imparts wisdom and practical advice that other cities can follow to make their own streets safer and more vibrant. As New York City’s transportation commissioner, Janette Sadik-Khan managed the seemingly impossible and transformed the streets of one of the world’s greatest, toughest cities into dynamic spaces safe for pedestrians and bikers. Her approach was dramatic and effective: Simply painting a part of the street to make it into a plaza or bus lane not only made the street safer, but it also lessened congestion and increased foot traffic, which improved the bottom line of businesses. Real-life experience confirmed that if you know how to read the street, you can make it function better by not totally reconstructing it but by reallocating the space that’s already there. Breaking the street into its component parts, Streetfight demonstrates, with step-by-step visuals, how to rewrite the underlying “source code” of a street, with pointers on how to add protected bike paths, improve crosswalk space, and provide visual cues to reduce speeding. Achieving such a radical overhaul wasn’t easy, and Streetfight pulls back the curtain on the battles Sadik-Khan won to make her approach work. She includes examples of how this new way to read the streets has already made its way around the world, from pocket parks in Mexico City and Los Angeles to more pedestrian-friendly streets in Auckland and Buenos Aires, and innovative bike-lane designs and plazas in Austin, Indianapolis, and San Francisco. Many are inspired by the changes taking place in New York City and are based on the same techniques. Streetfight deconstructs, reassembles, and reinvents the street, inviting readers to see it in ways they never imagined. From the Trade Paperback edition.

Urban Transport Systems

Urban Transport Systems
A Book

by Hamid Yaghoubi

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2017-01-18
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN : 9535128736
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book contains a collection of latest research developments on the urban transportation systems. It describes rail transit systems, subways, bus rapid transit (BRT) systems, taxicabs, automobiles, etc. This book also studies the technical parameters and provides a comprehensive overview of the significant characteristics for urban transportation systems, including energy management systems, wireless communication systems, operations and maintenance systems, transport serviceability, environmental problems and solutions, simulation, modelling, analysis, design, safety and risk, standards, traffic congestion, ride quality, air quality, noise and vibration, financial and economic aspects, pricing strategies, etc. This professional book as a credible source can be very applicable and useful for all professors, researchers, students, experienced technical professionals, practitioners and others interested in urban transportation systems.

Analyzing Health Equity Using Household Survey Data

Analyzing Health Equity Using Household Survey Data
A Guide to Techniques and their Implementation

by Adam Wagstaff,Owen O'Donnell,Eddy van Doorslaer,Magnus Lindelow

  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Release : 2007-11-02
  • Pages : 165
  • ISBN : 9780821369340
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Have gaps in health outcomes between the poor and better off grown? Are they larger in one country than another? Are health sector subsidies more equally distributed in some countries than others? Are health care payments more progressive in one health care financing system than another? What are catastrophic payments and how can they be measured? How far do health care payments impoverish households? Answering questions such as these requires quantitative analysis. This in turn depends on a clear understanding of how to measure key variables in the analysis, such as health outcomes, health expenditures, need, and living standards. It also requires set quantitative methods for measuring inequality and inequity, progressivity, catastrophic expenditures, poverty impact, and so on. This book provides an overview of the key issues that arise in the measurement of health variables and living standards, outlines and explains essential tools and methods for distributional analysis, and, using worked examples, shows how these tools and methods can be applied in the health sector. The book seeks to provide the reader with both a solid grasp of the principles underpinning distributional analysis, while at the same time offering hands-on guidance on how to move from principles to practice.

Educational Research and Innovation Measuring Innovation in Education 2019 What Has Changed in the Classroom?

Educational Research and Innovation Measuring Innovation in Education 2019 What Has Changed in the Classroom?
What Has Changed in the Classroom?

by Vincent-Lancrin Stéphan,Urgel Joaquin,Kar Soumyajit,Jacotin Gwénaël

  • Publisher : OECD Publishing
  • Release : 2019-03-05
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 926431167X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Measuring innovation in education and understanding how it works is essential to improve the quality of the education sector. Monitoring systematically how pedagogical practices evolve would considerably increase the international education knowledge base. We need to examine whether, and how ...

Road Pricing, the Economy and the Environment

Road Pricing, the Economy and the Environment
A Book

by C. Jensen-Butler,Brigitte Sloth,Morten M. Larsen,Bjarne Madsen,Otto A. Nielsen

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2008-01-24
  • Pages : 425
  • ISBN : 9783540771500
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Economic growth and globalisation create traffic growth, leading to congestion, which again increases travel times and costs. Road pricing is an instrument that may efficiently reduce the negative impacts. This volume is a collection of research papers on the use of road pricing. The focus is on passenger transport, and the papers cover a wide range of approaches, including theoretical modelling and empirical studies of road pricing experience from different cities.

The Geography of Urban Transportation

The Geography of Urban Transportation
A Book

by Susan Hanson,Genevieve Giuliano

  • Publisher : Guilford Press
  • Release : 2004-08-06
  • Pages : 419
  • ISBN : 9781593850555
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In this classic text and professional resource, leading geographers and urban planners present the foundational concepts and methodological tools that readers need to understand and engage with today's pressing policy issues. Covered are such key topics as passenger and freight dynamics in the American metropolis; the urban transportation planning process, including the use of GIS; and questions related to public transit, land use, energy, equity, environmental impacts, and more. The book features more than 100 maps, charts, and photographs.

Perspectives on Business and Management

Perspectives on Business and Management
A Book

by Vito Bobek

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2015-10-14
  • Pages : 124
  • ISBN : 9535121839
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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With a more holistic view of the interrelationships between individuals, markets and the larger economy, leaders can make more informed decisions. Understanding past trends in light of today's particular challenges, a wider knowledge of economics also allows business leaders to create more persuasive arguments when attempting to affect positive change within an organization. Since the turn of the century, emerging markets have dramatically increased their role on the world stage, the digital revolution has strengthened, social networks have become a decisive force also in business and the voice of the people has reinvented markets and overturned governments, a sharing economy has been born, scientific advances have changed our lives and so on. All these issues and processes pose a huge challenge for leaders, and some are tackled in this book.

Measuring Access to Public Transportation Services

Measuring Access to Public Transportation Services
Review of Customer-oriented Transit Performance Measures and Methods of Transit Submarket Identification

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2005
  • Pages : 62
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This report synthesizes knowledge from existing literature relating to the interpretation and measurement of transit service quality from a customer-oriented perspective. The focus is on the evaluation of fixed-route transit systems. In addition, the authors review earlier studies that offer conceptual and operational ways of identifying different transit submarkets, their characteristics, and their varying activity and mobility needs.

The True Costs of Road Transport

The True Costs of Road Transport
A Book

by Olof Johansson,David Maddison,David Pearce

  • Publisher : Earthscan
  • Release : 1996
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN : 9781853832680
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The last 30 years has been a period of phenomenal growth in road transport on the UK: today, 67 per cent of households have access to one or more cars. The same period has witnessed a precipitous decline in public transport, a rapid rise in the real price of both rail and bus fares, and a marked decline in the distance we travel by foot or bicycle. Yet the UK government's road-building programme and other transport policies have provoked outrage throughout the country; and, moreover, new evidence has come to light regarding the impact of benzene emissions from road transport on the incidence of asthma and the possible toll of particulate matter from diesel engines on human health. Blueprint 5 provides a detailed evaluation of the UK transport sector, and argues that without a fundamental change in policy it will inevitably continue to impose increasing costs on the natural environment, human health and the economy. It quantifies the external costs of road transport, and suggests new measures, such as road pricing and financial incentives, to pave the way to a sustainable transport system.

Encyclopedia of Supramolecular Chemistry

Encyclopedia of Supramolecular Chemistry
A Book

by J. L. Atwood,Jonathan W. Steed

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 1670
  • ISBN : 9780824747244
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Covers the fundamentals of supramolecular chemistry; supramolecular advancements and methods in the areas of chemistry, biochemistry, biology, environmental and materials science and engineering, physics, computer science, and applied mathematics.

Transportation, Land Use, and Environmental Planning

Transportation, Land Use, and Environmental Planning
A Book

by Elizabeth Deakin

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2019-10
  • Pages : 496
  • ISBN : 0128151676
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Transportation, Land Use, and Environmental Planning examines the practices and policies linking transportation, land use and environmental planning needed to achieve a healthy environment, thriving economy, and more equitable and inclusive society. It assesses best practices for improving the performance of city and regional transportation systems, looking at such issues as public transit and non-motorized travel investments, mixed use and higher density urban development, radically transformed vehicles, and transportation systems. The book lays out the growing need for greater integration of transportation, land use, and environmental planning, looking closely at changing demographic needs, public health concerns, housing affordability, equity, and livability. In addition, strategies for achieving these desired outcomes are presented, including urban design and land use planning, regional and corridor-level transit plans, bike and pedestrian improvements, demand management strategies, and emerging technologies and services. The final part of the book examines implementation challenges, considering lessons from the US and around the globe at both local and regional levels. Introduces never-before-published research Offers best practices for transit, cycling, urban design and housing provision Assesses emerging developments, such as smart cities, new vehicle technologies, automated highways and transportation sharing Examines the institutional and political dimensions of sustainability planning at the urban and regional levels Utilizes case studies from around the world that show alternative ways forward