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Mechanics of Hydraulic Fracturing

Mechanics of Hydraulic Fracturing
A Book

by Ching H. Yew,Xiaowei Weng

  • Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
  • Release : 2014-09-25
  • Pages : 244
  • ISBN : 0124200117
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Revised to include current components considered for today’s unconventional and multi-fracture grids, Mechanics of Hydraulic Fracturing, Second Edition explains one of the most important features for fracture design — the ability to predict the geometry and characteristics of the hydraulically induced fracture. With two-thirds of the world’s oil and natural gas reserves committed to unconventional resources, hydraulic fracturing is the best proven well stimulation method to extract these resources from their more remote and complex reservoirs. However, few hydraulic fracture models can properly simulate more complex fractures. Engineers and well designers must understand the underlying mechanics of how fractures are modeled in order to correctly predict and forecast a more advanced fracture network. Updated to accommodate today’s fracturing jobs, Mechanics of Hydraulic Fracturing, Second Edition enables the engineer to: Understand complex fracture networks to maximize completion strategies Recognize and compute stress shadow, which can drastically affect fracture network patterns Optimize completions by properly modeling and more accurately predicting for today’s hydraulic fracturing completions Discusses the underlying mechanics of creating a fracture from the wellbore Enhanced to include newer modeling components such as stress shadow and interaction of hydraulic fracture with a natural fracture, which aids in more complex fracture networks Updated experimental studies that apply to today’s unconventional fracturing cases

Hydraulic Fracture Mechanics

Hydraulic Fracture Mechanics
A Book

by Peter Valkó,Michael J. Economides

  • Publisher : Wiley-Blackwell
  • Release : 1995
  • Pages : 298
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book explores the theoretical background of one of the most widespread activities in hydrocarbon wells, that of hydraulic fracturing. A comprehensive treatment of the basic phenomena includes: linear elasticity, stresses, fracture geometry and rheology. The diverse concepts of mechanics are integrated into a coherent description of hydraulic fracture propagation. The chapters in the book are cross-referenced throughout and the connections between the various phenomena are emphasized. The book offers readers a unique approach to the subject with the use of many numerical examples.

Mechanics of Hydraulic Fracturing

Mechanics of Hydraulic Fracturing
Experiment, Model, and Monitoring

by Xin-rong Zhang,Bisheng Wu,Diansen Yang,Andrew Bunger

  • Publisher : Wiley
  • Release : 2022-06-15
  • Pages : 350
  • ISBN : 9781119742340
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fluid-driven fracture growth, called hydraulic fracturing, refers to the process where a pressurized fluid flows into and propagates fractures in the rocks. It is a commonly used technique for well stimulation to extract oil and gas in the petroleum industry and geothermal resources from deep granite and is also widely used in the mining industry to precondition rock for extraction by caving and to reduce seismic risk in deep high stress mines. In addition, fluid-driven fractures are important in several geological processes, for example, associated with the formation of veins and joints and in growth of dikes leading to volcanic eruption. The mechanics of hydraulic fractures involves multiple physical processes including the flow of viscous fluids in fractures, diffusion of fluid into porous matrix material, creation of new fracture surfaces, proppant transport and multiphase flow, and friction slip on natural fractures and faults. In particular, hydraulic fracturing is further complicated by its interaction with geological structures, the tectonic stresses, pore pressure, and rock temperature. Hydraulic fracturing typically occurs as a quasi-static process, but potentially induces seismic events if pore pressure and stress changes are not well controlled and monitored. Mechanics of Hydraulic Fracturing: Experiment, Model, and Monitoring provides a summary of the continuing research in mechanics of hydraulic fractures for more than two decades along with new research trends, which are of interest to both researchers and industrial operators. At the science level, fracture growth in rocks occurs at a large range of scales. The rock itself as a natural material is heterogenous, consisting of minerals grains including clays, and grain sand cementing minerals. The rock mass is also structurally heterogeneous, containing microcracks, bedding planes, joints and faults. The rock material and structural heterogeneity makes the prediction of fracture growth difficult and careful experimental design and model development are required to advance our understanding. A collection of recent work thus can provide an important summary of current understanding of the multi-scale mechanics of hydraulic fractures. Volume highlights include: - Covers the contributions from theory, modeling and experiment including the applications of models to reservoir stimulation, mining preconditioning and the formation of geological structures - Formation of fracture networks, the primary focus of many early models, plays a secondary role compared to the fracture growth of individual foundations and applications of the process - Prediction of fracture shapes, sizes, and distributions in sedimentary basins and its importance in petroleum industry - Predictive models consist of mechanics of this coupling process with results verified by testing against laboratory and field measurements - Developing a better predicative model, many experimental studies have recently been performed to verify the comprehensive models - Real-time monitoring methods such as micro-seismicity and trace tracking are widely adopted in petroleum industry to provide the measured fracture shapes for benchmarking the models - Outcrop mapping provides useful data to which the model predictions can be compared - Comparisons prove useful in uncovering geometries of fractures like dikes and veins and in studying the process of their formation

The Fluid Mechanics of Hydraulic Fracturing

The Fluid Mechanics of Hydraulic Fracturing
A Book

by Craig Warren Gustafson

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1987
  • Pages : 322
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fracture Mechanics Analysis of the Vaidity of Hydraulic Fracturing as a Technique of In-situ Stress Determination

Fracture Mechanics Analysis of the Vaidity of Hydraulic Fracturing as a Technique of In-situ Stress Determination
A Book

by Gideon Leonard

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1985
  • Pages : 254
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Hydraulic fracturing and geothermal energy

Hydraulic fracturing and geothermal energy
Proceedings of the First Japan-United States Joint Seminar on Hydraulic Fracturing and Geothermal Energy, Tokyo, Japan, November 2-5, 1982, and Symposium on Fracture Mechanics Approach to Hydraulic Fracturing and Geothermal Energy, Sendai, Japan November 8-9, 1982

by S. Nemat-Nassar,H. Abé,S. Hirakawa

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 528
  • ISBN : 9400968841
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Hydraulic fracturing has been and continues to be a major techno logical tool in oil and gas recovery, nuclear and other waste disposal, mining and particularly in-situ coal gasification, and, more recently, in geothermal heat recovery, particularly extracting heat from hot dry rock masses. The understanding of the fracture process under the ac tion of pressurized fluid at various temperatures is of fundamental scientific importance, which requires an adequate description of thermomechanical properties of subsurface rock, fluid-solid interaction effects, as well as degradation of the host rock due to temperature gradients introduced by heat extraction. Considerable progress has been made over the past several years in laboratory experiments, analytical and numerical modeling, and in-situ field studies in various aspects of hydraulic fracturing and geothermal energy extraction, by researchers in the United States and Japan and also elsewhere. However, the results have been scattered throughout the literature. Therefore, the time seemed ripe for bringing together selected researchers from the two countries, as well as observers from other countries, in order to survey the state of the art, exchange scientific information, and establish closer collaboration for further, better coordinated scientific effort in this important area of research and exploration.

Geomechanics and Hydraulic Fracturing for Shale Reservoirs

Geomechanics and Hydraulic Fracturing for Shale Reservoirs
A Book

by Yu Wang

  • Publisher : Scientific Research Publishing, Inc. USA
  • Release : 2020-07-01
  • Pages : 383
  • ISBN : 1618968963
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is intended as a reference book for advanced graduate students and research engineers in shale gas development or rock mechanical engineering. Globally, there is widespread interest in exploiting shale gas resources to meet rising energy demands, maintain energy security and stability in supply and reduce dependence on higher carbon sources of energy, namely coal and oil. However, extracting shale gas is a resource intensive process and is dependent on the geological and geomechanical characteristics of the source rocks, making the development of certain formations uneconomic using current technologies. Therefore, evaluation of the physical and mechanical properties of shale, together with technological advancements, is critical in verifying the economic viability of such formation. Accurate geomechanical information about the rock and its variation through the shale is important since stresses along the wellbore can control fracture initiation and frac development. In addition, hydraulic fracturing has been widely employed to enhance the production of oil and gas from underground reservoirs. Hydraulic fracturing is a complex operation in which the fluid is pumped at a high pressure into a selected section of the wellbore. The interaction between the hydraulic fractures and natural fractures is the key to fracturing effectiveness prediction and high gas development. The development and growth of a hydraulic fracture through the natural fracture systems of shale is probably more complex than can be described here, but may be somewhat predictable if the fracture system and the development of stresses can be explained. As a result, comprehensive shale geomechanical experiments, physical modeling experiment and numerical investigations should be conducted to reveal the fracturing mechanical behaviors of shale.

Hydraulic Fracturing

Hydraulic Fracturing
A Fracture Mechanics Approach

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1980
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Imaging the Mechanics of Hydraulic Fracturing in Naturally-fractured Reservoirs Using Induced Seismicity and Numerical Modeling

Imaging the Mechanics of Hydraulic Fracturing in Naturally-fractured Reservoirs Using Induced Seismicity and Numerical Modeling
A Book

by Xueping Zhao

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Porous Rock Fracture Mechanics

Porous Rock Fracture Mechanics
with Application to Hydraulic Fracturing, Drilling and Structural Engineering

by Amir Shojaei,Jianfu Shao

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2017-05-05
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 0081007825
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Porous Rock Failure Mechanics: Hydraulic Fracturing, Drilling and Structural Engineering focuses on the fracture mechanics of porous rocks and modern simulation techniques for progressive quasi-static and dynamic fractures. The topics covered in this volume include a wide range of academic and industrial applications, including petroleum, mining, and civil engineering. Chapters focus on advanced topics in the field of rock’s fracture mechanics and address theoretical concepts, experimental characterization, numerical simulation techniques, and their applications as appropriate. Each chapter reflects the current state-of-the-art in terms of the modern use of fracture simulation in industrial and academic sectors. Some of the major contributions in this volume include, but are not limited to: anisotropic elasto-plastic deformation mechanisms in fluid saturated porous rocks, dynamics of fluids transport in fractured rocks and simulation techniques, fracture mechanics and simulation techniques in porous rocks, fluid-structure interaction in hydraulic driven fractures, advanced numerical techniques for simulation of progressive fracture, including multiscale modeling, and micromechanical approaches for porous rocks, and quasi-static versus dynamic fractures in porous rocks. This book will serve as an important resource for petroleum, geomechanics, drilling and structural engineers, R&D managers in industry and academia. Includes a strong editorial team and quality experts as chapter authors Presents topics identified for individual chapters are current, relevant, and interesting Focuses on advanced topics, such as fluid coupled fractures, rock’s continuum damage mechanics, and multiscale modeling Provides a ‘one-stop’ advanced-level reference for a graduate course focusing on rock’s mechanics

Hydraulic Fracturing in Inclined Boreholes

Hydraulic Fracturing in Inclined Boreholes
A Fracture Mechanics Approach

by Narayanan Harikrishnan

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1994
  • Pages : 102
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Hydraulic Fracturing: a Fracture Mechanics Approach

Hydraulic Fracturing: a Fracture Mechanics Approach
A Book

by J. D. Mclennan

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1980
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Hydraulic Fracturing in Earth-rock Fill Dams

Hydraulic Fracturing in Earth-rock Fill Dams
A Book

by Jun-Jie Wang

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2014-04-11
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN : 1118725565
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Presents a systematic and comprehensive study of hydraulic fracturing, original in its concentration of core soil problems There have been a number of well-studied cases in which dams have failed or been damaged by concentrated leaks for no apparent cause. In some of these experiences, investigators concluded that differential settlement cracks were the probable causes, even though no cracks were seen on the surface. In these examples, it was not determined whether the crack was open before the reservoir filled or whether it might have opened afterward. In several unsolved problems on the safety of the earth-rock fill dam, the problem of hydraulic fracture in the soil core of the earth-rock fill dam is one that is widely paid attention by designers and researchers. Hydraulic fracturing is generally considered as a key cause which may induce the leakage of the dam during first filling. In this extensive book, a new numerical simulate method is suggested. The method is based on the conventional two-dimensional finite element technique, and the theoretical formulations to calculate energy release rate using virtual crack extension method. The influence factors on convergence of calculated J integral are investigated. The accuracy of the calculated J integral is verified by analysing the three typical problems in Fracture Mechanics, in which propagation of crack may follow mode I, mode II and mixed mode I-II respectively. Using the new numerical method, the factors affecting the occurrence of hydraulic fracturing in the earth-rock fill dam are investigated. The investigating results indicate that increasing any of the Young’s modulus, the Poisson’s ratio and the density of the core soil is helpful to reduce the likelihood of the occurrence of hydraulic fracturing. The likelihood of the occurrence of hydraulic fracturing increases with increasing the water level or the crack depth. The lower part of the dam core is the zone in which the phenomenon of hydraulic fracturing may be induced easily. As an example to analyse the ability of earth-rock fill dam to resist hydraulic fracturing, the Nuozhadu Dam located in Western China is analysed. Presents a systematic and comprehensive study of hydraulic fracturing, original in its concentration of core soil problems Focuses on the problem of hydraulic fracturing in earth-rock fill dams from three aspects; conditions and mechanisms of hydraulic fracturing, criterion of hydraulic fracturing, and numerical method on hydraulic fracturing Examines advanced laboratory soil testing, application of numerical methods and field testing/monitoring, all needed for a better understanding of hydraulic fracturing in earth/rock fill dams Provides an essential reference in an area of scarce research in this field, and the need in high earth dam construction in developing countries is pressing Ideal for researchers in Hydraulic and Geotechnical Engineering Fields; Students on Masters or PhD courses; as well as Designers and Constructors in Hydraulic and Geotechnical Engineering Fields.

Fracture Mechanics Analysis of the Validity of Hydraulic Fracturing as a Technique of In-situ Stress Determination

Fracture Mechanics Analysis of the Validity of Hydraulic Fracturing as a Technique of In-situ Stress Determination
A Book

by Gideon Leonard

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1985
  • Pages : 127
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fracture Mechanics Analysis of the Validity of Hydraulic Fracturing as a Technique of Insitu Stress Determination

Fracture Mechanics Analysis of the Validity of Hydraulic Fracturing as a Technique of Insitu Stress Determination
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1986
  • Pages : 126
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fracture Mechanics Applied to Hydraulic Fracturing in Laboratory Experiments

Fracture Mechanics Applied to Hydraulic Fracturing in Laboratory Experiments
A Book

by Ferdinand Stöckhert

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2015
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fracture Mechanics Analysis of the Validity of Hydraulic Fracturing as a Technique of In-situ Stress Determination

Fracture Mechanics Analysis of the Validity of Hydraulic Fracturing as a Technique of In-situ Stress Determination
A Book

by Charles Fairhurst,Gideon Leonard,University of Minnesota. Department of Civil and Mineral Engineering,Geological Survey (U.S.)

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1984
  • Pages : 116
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Mechanics of Fluid-Driven Fractures: Theory and Applications

The Mechanics of Fluid-Driven Fractures: Theory and Applications
A Book

by Emmanuel Detournay,Jose I. Adachi,Dmitry I. Garagash

  • Publisher : Wiley
  • Release : 2015-05-04
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN : 9780470851227
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Answers to basic questions have remained elusive despite the publications that this subject has attracted: How is a fracture evolving in shape and size? How is the fracturing pressure varying with time? What is the process dependence on the properties of the soils or rock, on the in situ stresses, on the properties of both the fracturing fluid and the pore fluid, and on the boundary conditions? In particular, Hydraulic Fracture Mechanics by Valko and Economides, was a good treatment of the applied mechanics of the subject at the time it was written (1995), but much of the material has been developed since then, in a more theoretical way. The proposed book is based on recent efforts by the authors, to derive accurate solutions for fluid-driven fractures. Key Features of the book include: · Focuses on the fundamentals of fluid-driven fractures · Fluid driven fracturing is an essential technique in the petrolum industry · Brings new answers to a difficult problem

Hydraulic Fracturing Stress Measurements

Hydraulic Fracturing Stress Measurements
Proceedings

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1983
  • Pages : 270
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Applications of Rock Fracture Mechanics

Applications of Rock Fracture Mechanics
Theory and Application of Hydraulic Fracturing Technology

by Michael P. Cleary,Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Resource Extraction Laboratory

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1983
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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