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Mechanics of Smart Magneto-electro-elastic Nanostructures

Mechanics of Smart Magneto-electro-elastic Nanostructures
A Book

by Farzad Ebrahimi,Rajendran Selvamani

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2021-06-25
  • Pages : 454
  • ISBN : 0128231661
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Mechanics of Smart Magneto-electro-elastic Nanostructures provides mathematical models for buckling and vibration analysis of flexoelectric and magneto-electro-elastic nanostructures under thermal environment effects. Analytical results are presented in each chapter based on changes in different parameters, including various electric and magnetic potential, non-local parameters or different boundary conditions and their effects on vibration and buckling behavior on nanobeams and nanoplates. Key characteristics of smart materials and their response to external factors are presented, including size-dependency of nanostructures, effect of various gradient indexes, thermal environment effects, and effects of elastic foundation. Reviews vibration and buckling models of the responses of smart magneto-electro-elastic materials Addresses thermal environment and elastic foundation effects of magneto-electro-elastic materials Introduces piezoelectricity, flexoelectricity and magneto-electro-elasticity

Wave Propagation Analysis of Smart Nanostructures

Wave Propagation Analysis of Smart Nanostructures
A Book

by Farzad Ebrahimi,Ali Dabbagh

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2019-12-06
  • Pages : 244
  • ISBN : 1000760189
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Wave Propagation Analysis of Smart Nanostructures presents a mathematical framework for the wave propagation problem of small-scale nanobeams and nanoplates manufactured from various materials, including functionally graded composites, smart piezoelectric materials, smart magneto-electro-elastic materials, smart magnetostrictive materials, and porous materials. In this book, both classical and refined higher-order shear deformation beam and plate hypotheses are employed to formulate the wave propagation problem using the well-known Hamilton’s principle. Additionally, the influences of small-scale nanobeams on the mechanical behaviors of nanostructures are covered using both nonlocal elasticity and nonlocal strain gradient elasticity theories. Impacts of various terms, such as elastic springs of elastic foundation, damping coefficient of viscoelastic substrate, different types of temperature change, applied electric voltage and magnetic potential, and intensity of an external magnetic field on the dispersion curves of nanostructures, are included in the framework of numerous examples.

Wave Propagation Analysis of Smart Nanostructures

Wave Propagation Analysis of Smart Nanostructures
A Book

by Farzad Ebrahimi,Ali Dabbagh

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2019-12-20
  • Pages : 244
  • ISBN : 1000760545
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Wave Propagation Analysis of Smart Nanostructures presents a mathematical framework for the wave propagation problem of small-scale nanobeams and nanoplates manufactured from various materials, including functionally graded composites, smart piezoelectric materials, smart magneto-electro-elastic materials, smart magnetostrictive materials, and porous materials. In this book, both classical and refined higher-order shear deformation beam and plate hypotheses are employed to formulate the wave propagation problem using the well-known Hamilton’s principle. Additionally, the influences of small-scale nanobeams on the mechanical behaviors of nanostructures are covered using both nonlocal elasticity and nonlocal strain gradient elasticity theories. Impacts of various terms, such as elastic springs of elastic foundation, damping coefficient of viscoelastic substrate, different types of temperature change, applied electric voltage and magnetic potential, and intensity of an external magnetic field on the dispersion curves of nanostructures, are included in the framework of numerous examples.

Static Green's Functions in Anisotropic Media

Static Green's Functions in Anisotropic Media
A Book

by Ernian Pan,Weiqiu Chen

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2015-04-30
  • Pages : 356
  • ISBN : 1107034809
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents basic theory on static Green's functions in general anisotropic magnetoelectroelastic media including detailed derivations based on the complex variable method, potential method, and integral transforms. Green's functions corresponding to the reduced cases are also presented including those in anisotropic and transversely isotropic piezoelectric and piezomagnetic media, and in purely anisotropic elastic, transversely isotropic elastic and isotropic elastic media. Problems include those in three-dimensional, (two-dimensional) infinite, half, and biomaterial spaces (planes). While the emphasis is on the Green's functions related to the line and point force, those corresponding to the important line and point dislocation are also provided and discussed. This book provides a comprehensive derivation and collection of the Green's functions in the concerned media, and as such, it is an ideal reference book for researchers and engineers, and a textbook for both students in engineering and applied mathematics.

Handbook of Graphene

Handbook of Graphene
Technology and Innovations

by Sulaiman Wadi Harun

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2019-06-12
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN : 1119469813
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The eighth volume in a series of handbooks on graphene research and applications The Handbook of Graphene, Volume 8: Technology and Innovations discusses the role of graphene-based applications in technological advancements. Topics include graphene materials used in circuit board repairs; RFID antenna and sensor fabrication; and wearable healthcare electronics. Chapters present detailed information on: modeling methods used in graphene research; applications of graphene-on-silicon photonic integrated circuits; the development of graphene for engineering applications; and other graphene subjects of interest to scientists, chemists and physicists.

Wave Dynamics and Composite Mechanics for Microstructured Materials and Metamaterials

Wave Dynamics and Composite Mechanics for Microstructured Materials and Metamaterials
A Book

by Mezhlum A. Sumbatyan

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-03-28
  • Pages : 258
  • ISBN : 9811037973
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume deals with topical problems concerning technology and design in construction of modern metamaterials. The authors construct the models of mechanical, electromechanical and acoustical behavior of the metamaterials, which are founded upon mechanisms existing on micro-level in interaction of elementary structures of the material. The empiric observations on the phenomenological level are used to test the created models. The book provides solutions, based on fundamental methods and models using the theory of wave propagation, nonlinear theories and composite mechanics for media with micro- and nanostructure. They include the models containing arrays of cracks, defects, with presence of micro- and nanosize piezoelectric elements and coupled physical-mechanical fields of different nature. The investigations show that the analytical, numerical and experimental methods permit evaluation of the qualitative and quantitative properties of the materials of this sort, with diagnosis of their effective characteristics, frequency intervals of effective energetic cutting and passing, as well as effective regimes of damage evaluation by the acoustic methods.

Advanced Thermal Stress Analysis of Smart Materials and Structures

Advanced Thermal Stress Analysis of Smart Materials and Structures
A Book

by Zengtao Chen,Abdolhamid Akbarzadeh

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2019-09-03
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 3030252019
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This is the first single volume monograph that systematically summarizes the recent progress in using non-Fourier heat conduction theories to deal with the multiphysical behaviour of smart materials and structures. The book contains six chapters and starts with a brief introduction to Fourier and non-Fourier heat conduction theories. Non-Fourier heat conduction theories include Cattaneo-Vernotte, dual-phase-lag (DPL), three-phase-lag (TPL), fractional phase-lag, and nonlocal phase-lag heat theories. Then, the fundamentals of thermal wave characteristics are introduced through reviewing the methods for solving non-Fourier heat conduction theories and by presenting transient heat transport in representative homogeneous and advanced heterogeneous materials. The book provides the fundamentals of smart materials and structures, including the background, application, and governing equations. In particular, functionally-graded smart structures made of piezoelectric, piezomagnetic, and magnetoelectroelastic materials are introduced as they represent the recent development in the industry. A series of uncoupled thermal stress analyses on one-dimensional structures are also included. The volume ends with coupled thermal stress analyses of one-dimensional homogenous and heterogeneous smart piezoelectric structures considering different coupled thermopiezoelectric theories. Last but not least, fracture behavior of smart structures under thermal disturbance is investigated and the authors propose directions for future research on the topic of multiphysical analysis of smart materials.

Static Green's Functions in Anisotropic Media

Static Green's Functions in Anisotropic Media
A Book

by Ernian Pan,Weiqiu Chen

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2015
  • Pages : 356
  • ISBN : 9781139541015
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanostructures and Thin Films for Multifunctional Applications

Nanostructures and Thin Films for Multifunctional Applications
Technology, Properties and Devices

by Ion Tiginyanu,Pavel Topala,Veaceslav Ursaki

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-04-02
  • Pages : 576
  • ISBN : 3319301985
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is focused on recent advances in the development of thin films for photovoltaic applications, TiO2/WO3 bi-layers for applications with enhanced photo-catalytic properties, nanometer oxide and hydroxide films for anticorrosive coatings, surface passivation in chemical industries, micro- and nanoelectronics, trilayers of metglas and lead free piezoelectrics for magnetic field sensors, current sensors, spintronics, microwave and read/write devices. Diluted ferromagnetic alloy films are also considered for superconducting spintronics based on superconducting spin-valves. Thermal properties of segmented nanowires are analyzed with respect to thermoelectric applications. Recent advances in template production of nanocomposites are also reviewed with particular focus on technologies for template assisted formation of metal nanotubes. Some elements related to abrasive flow machining (AFM), specifically state of the art elements of technological systems and construction of equipment are presented. The book is written for researchers in materials science, nanotechnologies, PhD students and graduate student.

Ferroic Functional Materials

Ferroic Functional Materials
Experiment, Modeling and Simulation

by Jörg Schröder,Doru C. Lupascu

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-11-23
  • Pages : 285
  • ISBN : 3319688839
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book covers experiments and theory in the fields of ferroelectrics, ferromagnets, ferroelastics, and multiferroics. Topics include experimental preparation and characterization of magnetoelectric multiferroics, the modeling of ferroelectric and ferromagnetic materials, the formation of ferroic microstructures and their continuum-mechanical modeling, computational homogenization, and the algorithmic treatment in the framework of numerical solution strategies.

Nanosensors for Smart Manufacturing

Nanosensors for Smart Manufacturing
A Book

by Sabu Thomas,Tuan Anh Nguyen,Mazaher Ahmadi,Ali Farmani,Ghulam Yasin

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-06-10
  • Pages : 632
  • ISBN : 0128236523
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanosensors for Smart Manufacturing provides information on the fundamental design concepts and emerging applications of nanosensors in smart manufacturing processes. In smart production, if the products and machines are integrated, embedded, or equipped with sensors, the system can immediately collect the current operating parameters, predict the product quality, and then feed back the optimal parameters to machines in the production line. In this regard, smart sensors and their wireless networks are important components of smart manufacturing. Nanomaterials-based sensors (nanosensors) offer several advantages over their microscale counterparts, including lower power consumption, fast response time, high sensitivity, lower concentration of analytes, and smaller interaction distance between sensors and products. With the support of artificial intelligence (AI) tools such as fuzzy logic, genetic algorithms, neural networks, and ambient intelligence, sensor systems have become smarter. This is an important reference source for materials scientists and engineers who want to learn more about how nanoscale sensors can enhance smart manufacturing techniques and processes. Outlines the smart nanosensor classes used in manufacturing applications Shows how nanosensors are being used to make more efficient manufacturing systems Assesses the major obstacles to designing nanosensor-based manufacturing systems at an industrial scale

Polymeric Gels

Polymeric Gels
Characterization, Properties and Biomedical Applications

by Kunal Pal,Indranil Banerjee

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2018-06-15
  • Pages : 568
  • ISBN : 0081021801
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Polymeric Gels: Characterization, Properties and Biomedical Applications covers the fundamentals and applications of polymeric gels. Particular emphasis is given to their synthesis, properties and characteristics, with topics such as natural, synthetic, and smart polymeric gels, medical applications, and advancements in conductive and magnetic gels presented. The book covers the basics and applications of hydrogels, providing readers with a comprehensive guide on the types of polymeric gels used in the field of biomedical engineering. Provides guidance for decisions on the suitability and appropriateness of a synthetic route and characterization technique for particular polymeric networks Analyzes and compares experimental data Presents in-depth information on the physical properties of polymeric gels using mathematical models Uses an interdisciplinary approach to discuss potential new applications for both established polymeric gels and recent advances

Smart Biomaterials

Smart Biomaterials
A Book

by Mitsuhiro Ebara,Yohei Kotsuchibashi,Ravin Narain,Naokazu Idota,Young-Jin Kim,John M. Hoffman,Koichiro Uto,Takao Aoyagi

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2014-05-28
  • Pages : 373
  • ISBN : 4431544003
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides comprehensive coverage of smart biomaterials and their potential applications, a field that is developing at a very rapid pace. Because smart biomaterials are an emerging class of biomaterials that respond to small changes in external stimuli with large discontinuous changes in their physical properties, they have been designed to act as an “on–off” switch for, among others, bio separation, immunoanalysis, drug delivery technologies, gene therapy, diagnostics, bio sensors and artificial muscles. After an introduction to the topic and the history of smart biomaterials, the author gives the reader an in-depth look at the properties, mechanics, and characterization of smart biomaterials including hydrogels, particles, assemblies, surfaces, fibers and conjugates. Information on the wide range of applications for these materials follows, including drug delivery, tissue engineering, diagnostics, biosensors, bio separation and actuators. In addition, recent advances in shape memory biomaterials as active components of medical devices are also presented.

Nanostructured Ceramics

Nanostructured Ceramics
Characterization and Analysis

by Debasish Sarkar

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-09-03
  • Pages : 270
  • ISBN : 1351617125
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book discusses fundamentals of nanostructured ceramics involving functional, structural and high temperature materials. It provides both solved numerical problems and unsolved problems to enable the reader to envisage the correlation between synthesis process and properties in the perspective of new material development. It serves as a concise text to answer the basics and achieve research goals for academia and industry. Key Features Deals with basic strategy on data interpretation for nanostructured ceramics Proposes to bridge the gap between the nano and bulk properties of nanostructured ceramics Discusses brief schematics and equations to understand the different properties of nano to bulk ceramics Presents mode of data acquisition and interpretation through statistical module and solved numerical Includes unsolved numericals based on properties, data acquisition and interpretation

Materials Science and Engineering: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications

Materials Science and Engineering: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications
Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications

by Management Association, Information Resources

  • Publisher : IGI Global
  • Release : 2017-01-11
  • Pages : 1804
  • ISBN : 1522517995
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The design and study of materials is a pivotal component to new discoveries in the various fields of science and technology. By better understanding the components and structures of materials, researchers can increase its applications across different industries. Materials Science and Engineering: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications is a compendium of the latest academic material on investigations, technologies, and techniques pertaining to analyzing the synthesis and design of new materials. Through its broad and extensive coverage on a variety of crucial topics, such as nanomaterials, biomaterials, and relevant computational methods, this multi-volume work is an essential reference source for engineers, academics, researchers, students, professionals, and practitioners seeking innovative perspectives in the field of materials science and engineering.

Magnetic Nanoparticles in Biosensing and Medicine

Magnetic Nanoparticles in Biosensing and Medicine
A Book

by Nicholas J. Darton,Adrian Ionescu,Justin Llandro

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2019-02-14
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 1108637876
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Drawing together topics from a wide range of disciplines, this text provides a comprehensive insight into the fundamentals of magnetic biosensors and the applications of magnetic nanoparticles in medicine. Internationally renowned researchers showcase topics ranging from the basic physical principles of magnetism to the detection and manipulation, synthesis protocols and natural occurrence of magnetic nanoparticles. Up-to-date examples of their clinical usage and research applications in the biomedical fields of sensing by diverse magnetic detection methods, in imaging by MRI and in therapeutic strategies such as hyperthermia, are also discussed, providing a thorough introduction to this rapidly developing field. Each chapter features questions with answers, highlighted definition boxes, and numerous illustrations which help readers grasp key concepts. Mathematical tools, together with key literature references, provide a strong underpinning for the material, making it ideal for graduate students, lecturers, medical researchers and industrial scientific strategists.

Complex Magnetic Nanostructures

Complex Magnetic Nanostructures
Synthesis, Assembly and Applications

by Surender Kumar Sharma

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-04-04
  • Pages : 464
  • ISBN : 3319520873
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book offers a detailed discussion of the complex magnetic behavior of magnetic nanosystems, with its myriad of geometries (e.g. core-shell, heterodimer and dumbbell) and its different applications. It provides a broad overview of the numerous current studies concerned with magnetic nanoparticles, presenting key examples and an in-depth examination of the cutting-edge developments in this field. This contributed volume shares the latest developments in nanomagnetism with a wide audience: from upper undergraduate and graduate students to advanced specialists in both academia and industry. The first three chapters serve as a primer to the more advanced content found later in the book, making it an ideal introductory text for researchers starting in this field. It provides a forum for the critical evaluation of many aspects of complex nanomagnetism that are at the forefront of nanoscience today. It also presents highlights from the extensive literature on the topic, including the latest research in this field.

Colloidal Metal Oxide Nanoparticles

Colloidal Metal Oxide Nanoparticles
Synthesis, Characterization and Applications

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-10-16
  • Pages : 608
  • ISBN : 0128133589
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Colloidal Metal Oxide Nanoparticles: Synthesis, Characterization and Applications is a one-stop reference for anyone with an interest in the fundamentals, synthesis and applications of this interesting materials system. The book presents a simple, effective and detailed discussion on colloidal metal oxide nanoparticles. It begins with a general introduction of colloidal metal oxide nanoparticles, then delves into the most relevant synthesis pathways, stabilization procedures, and synthesis and characterization techniques. Final sections discuss promising applications, including bioimaging, biosensing, diagnostic, and energy applications—i.e., solar cells, supercapacitors and environment applications—i.e., the treatment of contaminated soil, water purification and waste remediation. Provides the most comprehensive resource on the topic, from fundamentals, to synthesis and characterization techniques Presents key applications, including biomedical, energy, electronic and environmental Discusses the most relevant techniques for synthesis, patterning and characterization

Ferroic Materials for Smart Systems

Ferroic Materials for Smart Systems
From Fundamentals to Device Applications

by Jiyan Dai

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2020-02-25
  • Pages : 262
  • ISBN : 3527344764
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Presents state-of-the-art knowledge?from basic insights to applications?on ferroic materials-based devices This book covers the fundamental physics, fabrication methods, and applications of ferroic materials and covers bulk, thin films, and nanomaterials. It provides a thorough overview of smart materials and systems involving the interplays among the mechanical strain, electrical polarization, magnetization, as well as heat and light. Materials presented include ferroelectric, multiferroic, piezoelectric, electrostrictive, magnetostrictive, and shape memory materials as well as their composites. The book also introduces various sensor and transducer applications, such as ultrasonic transducers, surface acoustic wave devices, microwave devices, magneto-electric devices, infrared detectors and memories. Ferroic Materials for Smart Systems: Fabrication, Devices and Applications introduces advanced measurement and testing techniques in ferroelectrics, including FeRAM and ferroelectric tunnelling based resistive switching. It also looks at ferroelectricity in emerging materials, such as 2D materials and high-k gate dielectric material HfO2. Engineering considerations for device design and fabrication are examined, as well as applications for magnetostrictive devices. Multiferroics of materials possessing both ferromagnetic and ferroelectric orders is covered, along with ferroelastic materials represented by shape memory alloy and magnetic shape memory alloys. -Brings together physics, fabrication, and applications of ferroic materials in a coherent manner -Discusses recent advances in ferroic materials technology and applications -Covers dielectric, ferroelectric, pyroelectric and piezoelectric materials -Introduces electrostrictive materials and magnetostrictive materials -Examines shape memory alloys and magneto-shape-memory alloys -Introduces devices based on the integration of ferroelectric and ferromagnetic materials such as multiferroic memory device and ME coupling device for sensor applications Ferroic Materials for Smart Systems: Fabrication, Devices and Applications will appeal to a wide variety of researchers and developers in physics, materials science and engineering.

Smart Polymers and Their Applications

Smart Polymers and Their Applications
A Book

by Maria Rosa Aguilar,Julio San Román

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2019-02-15
  • Pages : 650
  • ISBN : 0081024177
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Smart Polymers and Their Applications, Second Edition presents an up-to-date resource of information on the synthesis and properties of different types of smart polymers, including temperature, pH, electro, magnetic and photo-responsive polymers, amongst others. It is an ideal introduction to this field, as well as a review of the latest research in this area. Shape memory polymers, smart polymer hydrogels, and self-healing polymer systems are also explored. In addition, a very strong focus on applications of smart polymers is included for tissue engineering, smart polymer nanocarriers for drug delivery, and the use of smart polymers in medical devices. Additionally, the book covers the use of smart polymers for textile applications, packaging, energy storage, optical data storage, environmental protection, and more. This book is an ideal, technical resource for chemists, chemical engineers, materials scientists, mechanical engineers and other professionals in a range of industries. Includes a significant number of new chapters on smart polymer materials development, as well as new applications development in energy storage, sensors and devices, and environmental protection Provides a multidisciplinary approach to the development of responsive polymers, approaching the subject by the different types of polymer (e.g. temperature-responsive) and its range of applications