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High Performance Memory Systems

High Performance Memory Systems
A Book

by Haldun Hadimioglu,David Kaeli,Jeffrey Kuskin,Ashwini Nanda,Josep Torrellas

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2011-06-27
  • Pages : 297
  • ISBN : 1441989870
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The State of Memory Technology Over the past decade there has been rapid growth in the speed of micropro cessors. CPU speeds are approximately doubling every eighteen months, while main memory speed doubles about every ten years. The International Tech nology Roadmap for Semiconductors (ITRS) study suggests that memory will remain on its current growth path. The ITRS short-and long-term targets indicate continued scaling improvements at about the current rate by 2016. This translates to bit densities increasing at two times every two years until the introduction of 8 gigabit dynamic random access memory (DRAM) chips, after which densities will increase four times every five years. A similar growth pattern is forecast for other high-density chip areas and high-performance logic (e.g., microprocessors and application specific inte grated circuits (ASICs)). In the future, molecular devices, 64 gigabit DRAMs and 28 GHz clock signals are targeted. Although densities continue to grow, we still do not see significant advances that will improve memory speed. These trends have created a problem that has been labeled the Memory Wall or Memory Gap.

From Conditioning to Conscious Recollection

From Conditioning to Conscious Recollection
Memory Systems of the Brain

by Howard Eichenbaum,Neal J. Cohen

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand
  • Release : 2004-11-18
  • Pages : 583
  • ISBN : 0195178041
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Cognitive neuroscientists have discovered that memory is a fundamental property of the brain, intimately tied to information processing, not localized in any particular region but "manifested in multiple ways by multiple, functionally and anatomically distinct brain systems". This title provides a synopsis of what we know about memory and brain.

The Memory System

The Memory System
You Can't Avoid It, You Can't Ignore It, You Can't Fake it

by Bruce Jacob

  • Publisher : Morgan & Claypool Publishers
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 69
  • ISBN : 159829587X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Today, computer-system optimization, at both the hardware and software levels, must consider the details of the memory system in its analysis; failing to do so yields systems that are increasingly inefficient as those systems become more complex. This lecture seeks to introduce the reader to the most important details of the memory system; it targets both computer scientists and computer engineers in industry and in academia. Roughly speaking, computer scientists are the users of the memory system and computer engineers are the designers of the memory system. Both can benefit tremendously from a basic understanding of how the memory system really works: the computer scientist will be better equipped to create algorithms that perform well and the computer engineer will be better equipped to design systems that approach the optimal, given the resource limitations. Currently, there is consensus among architecture researchers that the memory system is "the bottleneck," and this consensus has held for over a decade. Somewhat inexplicably, most of the research in the field is still directed toward improving the CPU to better tolerate a slow memory system, as opposed to addressing the weaknesses of the memory system directly. This lecture should get the bulk of the computer science and computer engineering population up the steep part of the learning curve. Not every CS/CE researcher/developer needs to do work in the memory system, but, just as a carpenter can do his job more efficiently if he knows a little of architecture, and an architect can do his job more efficiently if he knows a little of carpentry, giving the CS/CE worlds better intuition about the memory system should help them build better systems, both software and hardware. Table of Contents: Primers / It Must Be Modeled Accurately / ...\ and It Will Change Soon

Memory Systems 1994

Memory Systems 1994
A Book

by University Daniel L Schacter, PhD,Daniel L. Schacter,Endel Tulving

  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release : 1994
  • Pages : 407
  • ISBN : 9780262193504
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Assembled by the prominent psychologists Daniel Schacter and Endel Tulving, the contributions in Memory Systems 1994 focus on the nature and number of memory systems in humans and animals. Together they present ideas from cognitive psychology, neuropsychology, and neuroscience in a review of intriguing experimental outcomes at the cutting edge of this domain, grappling, often passionately, with the behavioral and neuroanatomical composition of memory systems and subsystems. Chapters are revised versions of contributions that appeared in a special issue of the Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. This book includes an integrated discussion of and cross-commentary on the earlier contributions.A Bradford Book

High-speed Memory Systems

High-speed Memory Systems
A Book

by A. V. Pohm,Om P. Agrawal

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1983
  • Pages : 244
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Memory Systems

Memory Systems
Cache, DRAM, Disk

by Bruce Jacob,Spencer Ng,David Wang

  • Publisher : Morgan Kaufmann
  • Release : 2010-07-28
  • Pages : 900
  • ISBN : 9780080553849
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Is your memory hierarchy stopping your microprocessor from performing at the high level it should be? Memory Systems: Cache, DRAM, Disk shows you how to resolve this problem. The book tells you everything you need to know about the logical design and operation, physical design and operation, performance characteristics and resulting design trade-offs, and the energy consumption of modern memory hierarchies. You learn how to to tackle the challenging optimization problems that result from the side-effects that can appear at any point in the entire hierarchy. As a result you will be able to design and emulate the entire memory hierarchy. Understand all levels of the system hierarchy -Xcache, DRAM, and disk. Evaluate the system-level effects of all design choices. Model performance and energy consumption for each component in the memory hierarchy.

The Evolution of Memory Systems

The Evolution of Memory Systems
Ancestors, Anatomy, and Adaptations

by Elisabeth A. Murray,Steven P. Wise,Kim S. Graham

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release : 2017-10-05
  • Pages : 496
  • ISBN : 9780198817130
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Current theories about human memory have been shaped by clinical observations and animal experiments. This doctrine holds that the medial temporal lobe subserves one memory system for explicit or declarative memories, while the basal ganglia subserves a separate memory system for implicit or procedural memories, including habits. Cortical areas outside the medial temporal lobe are said to function in perception, motor control, attention, or other aspects of executive function, but not in memory. 'The Evolution of Memory Systems advances dramatically different ideas on all counts. It proposes that several memory systems arose during evolution and that they did so for the same general reason: to transcend problems and exploit opportunities encountered by specific ancestors at particular times and places in the distant past. Instead of classifying cortical areas in terms of mutually exclusive perception, executive, or memory functions, the authors show that all cortical areas contribute to memory and that they do so in their own ways-using specialized neural representations. The book also presents a proposal on the evolution of explicit memory. According to this idea, explicit (declarative) memory depends on interactions between a phylogenetically ancient navigation system and a representational system that evolved in humans to represent one's self and others. As a result, people embed representations of themselves into the events they experience and the facts they learn, which leads to the perception of participating in events and knowing facts. 'The Evolution of Memory Systems is an important new work for students and researchers in neuroscience, psychology, and biology.

Architectural Support for Cache-coherent Active Memory Systems

Architectural Support for Cache-coherent Active Memory Systems
A Book

by Daehyun Kim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2003
  • Pages : 418
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The design goal of our active memory system is to provide flexibility in the types of active memory operations supported without sacrificing performance or changing the programming model. We achieve this goal by a hardware/software co-design approach--running software coherence protocols on a specialized memory controller. We detail the microarchitecture of the active memory controller and the coherence protocol extensions to support our active memory techniques.

Performance Analysis of Interleaved Memory Systems

Performance Analysis of Interleaved Memory Systems
A Book

by Gerald J. Burnett

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1970
  • Pages : 254
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Troubleshooting & Repairing PC Drives & Memory Systems

Troubleshooting & Repairing PC Drives & Memory Systems
A Book

by Stephen J. Bigelow

  • Publisher : Tab Books
  • Release : 1994
  • Pages : 344
  • ISBN : 9780830645510
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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When your PC memory or drives suddenly show signs of trouble, general troubleshooting manuals just aren't good enough. Focus on the problem and fix it fast with the best-selling guide that provides solutions for all PC drives and cards, including nonstandard ones like Syquest and Iomega Zip drives, and even writable CDs or CD-ROM burners. Clear, concise instructions make it a snap to diagnose, repair, and keep drives running in top condition. A volume in the Troubleshooting & Repair Series.

Memory Systems Design and Applications

Memory Systems Design and Applications
Selected from Electronic Design

by Dave Bursky

  • Publisher : Hayden
  • Release : 1980
  • Pages : 229
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Innovations in the Memory System

Innovations in the Memory System
A Book

by Rajeev Balasubramonian

  • Publisher : Morgan & Claypool Publishers
  • Release : 2019-09-10
  • Pages : 151
  • ISBN : 1627059695
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This is a tour through recent and prominent works regarding new DRAM chip designs and technologies, near data processing approaches, new memory channel architectures, techniques to tolerate the overheads of refresh and fault tolerance, security attacks and mitigations, and memory scheduling. The memory system will soon be a hub for future innovation. While conventional memory systems focused primarily on high density, other memory system metrics like energy, security, and reliability are grabbing modern research headlines. With processor performance stagnating, it is also time to consider new programming models that move some application computations into the memory system. This, in turn, will lead to feature-rich memory systems with new interfaces. The past decade has seen a number of memory system innovations that point to this future where the memory system will be much more than dense rows of unintelligent bits.

Memory Systems and Pipelined Processors

Memory Systems and Pipelined Processors
A Book

by Harvey G. Cragon

  • Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Learning
  • Release : 1996
  • Pages : 575
  • ISBN : 9780867204742
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The current widespread demand for high performance personal computers and workstations has resulted in a renaissance of computer design. To meet the challenge that this presents to students and professional computer architects, this graduate level text offers an in-depth treatment of the implementation details of memory systems and pipelined processors, the "microarchitecture" of modern computers and microprocessors. The text explores techniques for solving the design problems inherent in computers with high levels of concurrency, such as the demand for a memory system with low latency and high bandwidth, branching, providing precise interrupts, managing dependencies and insuring coherency. Additionally, it examines the difficulties presented by virtual memory in high performance computers. As a thorough compendium of both historical and contemporary implementation techniques, this is an essential sourcebook for computer architecture students and practicing professionals.

Signatures in Transactional Memory Systems

Signatures in Transactional Memory Systems
A Book

by Luke Yen

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 281
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Early Occult Memory Systems of the Lower Midwest

Early Occult Memory Systems of the Lower Midwest
A Book

by B. H. Fairchild

  • Publisher : W. W. Norton
  • Release : 2004-05-01
  • Pages : 125
  • ISBN : 9780393325669
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A collection of works reflects the vision of dreamers who have despaired of attaining their ideals, from baseball players and laborers to a surrealist priest and a group of college boys at a burlesque theater. By the author of The Art of the Lathe. Winner of the National Book Critics Circle Award. Reprint.

Organization and Analysis of Interleaved Memory Systems

Organization and Analysis of Interleaved Memory Systems
A Book

by Ki-Fung Calvin Cheung

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1987
  • Pages : 230
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A study of interleaved memory systems by trace driven simulation

A study of interleaved memory systems by trace driven simulation
A Book

by F. W. Terman,Stanford University Stanford Electronics Laboratories. Digital Systems Laboratory

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1976
  • Pages : 34
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Automatic Mapping of Multi-stage Algorithms Onto Distributed Memory Systems

Automatic Mapping of Multi-stage Algorithms Onto Distributed Memory Systems
A Book

by Yin-Tsung Hwang

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1993
  • Pages : 410
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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On the Relationship Between Attentional Processes and Memory Systems in the Expression of Skill

On the Relationship Between Attentional Processes and Memory Systems in the Expression of Skill
A Combined Cost-benefit and Dual-task Approach

by Peter Thomas Bullemer

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1988
  • Pages : 440
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Videodisc and Optical Memory Systems

Videodisc and Optical Memory Systems
A Book

by Jordan Isailović,Jordan Isailovi ́c

  • Publisher : Prentice Hall
  • Release : 1985
  • Pages : 350
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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