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Metal Oxide-Based Nanofibers and their Applications

Metal Oxide-Based Nanofibers and their Applications
A Book

by Vincenzo Esposito,Debora Marani

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-10-15
  • Pages : 425
  • ISBN : 9780128206294
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Metal Oxide-based nanofibers and their applications provides an in-depth overview of the developments in the synthesis, characterization of their unique properties, and applications achieved by the scientific leaders in the area. The book is divided into three main sections that cover the synthesis and its related critical aspects, and applications in topical areas. The first section deals with the theoretical and experimental aspects of the synthesis and methodologies to control microstructure, composition and shape of the nanofibrous metal oxides. This includes electrospinning and other methods to synthesize the fibers as well as chemical methods and new techniques to obtain advanced nanostructured metal oxide nanofibers. Non-electrospinning processing methods are also described. Safety aspects associated with fabrication and handling of nanofibers are addressed. The second and third sections review the applications of metal oxide nanofibers in diverse technologies, with special focus on the relation between the structural, morphological and compositional features of the nanofibers with the performances in specific fields of applications. In the second section, applications of metal oxide nanofibers in the fields of sensing (biosensing, gas sensing) while the third section considers biomedical and cleaning technologies. Lastly, in the fourth section their application in energy generation and storage technologies (e. g. piezoelectric, solar cells, solid oxide fuel cells, lithium-ion batteries, supercapacitors, and hydrogen storage are reviewed. Reviews electrospinning methods for synthesis and design of nanocomposites and hybrid metal oxide nanofibers Discusses applications of metal oxide nanofibers in sensing, biomedical and cleaning technologies, and energy Emphasizes relation between structural, morphological and compositional properties of nanofibers to device performance for targeted applications

Metal Oxide-Based Nanostructured Electrocatalysts for Fuel Cells, Electrolyzers, and Metal-Air Batteries

Metal Oxide-Based Nanostructured Electrocatalysts for Fuel Cells, Electrolyzers, and Metal-Air Batteries
A Book

by Teko Napporn,Yaovi Holade

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-02-12
  • Pages : 292
  • ISBN : 0128184973
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Metal Oxide-Based Nanostructured Electrocatalysts for Fuel Cells, Electrolyzers, and Metal-Air Batteries is a comprehensive book summarizing the recent overview of these new materials developed to date. The book is motivated by research that focuses on the reduction of noble metal content in catalysts to reduce the cost associated to the entire system. Metal oxides gained significant interest in heterogeneous catalysis for basic research and industrial deployment. Metal Oxide-Based Nanostructured Electrocatalysts for Fuel Cells, Electrolyzers, and Metal-Air Batteries puts these opportunities and challenges into a broad context, discusses the recent researches and technological advances, and finally provides several pathways and guidelines that could inspire the development of ground-breaking electrochemical devices for energy production or storage. Its primary focus is how materials development is an important approach to produce electricity for key applications such as automotive and industrial. The book is appropriate for those working in academia and R&D in the disciplines of materials science, chemistry, electrochemistry, and engineering. Includes key aspects of materials design to improve the performance of electrode materials for energy conversion and storage device applications Reviews emerging metal oxide materials for hydrogen production, hydrogen oxidation, oxygen reduction and oxygen evolution Discusses metal oxide electrocatalysts for water-splitting, metal-air batteries, electrolyzer, and fuel cell applications

Solution Processed Metal Oxide Thin Films for Electronic Applications

Solution Processed Metal Oxide Thin Films for Electronic Applications
A Book

by Zheng Cui

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-06-11
  • Pages : 180
  • ISBN : 0128149310
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Solution Processed Metal Oxide Thin Films for Electronic Applications discusses the fundamentals of solution processing materials chemistry techniques as they are applied to metal oxide materials systems for key device applications. The book introduces basic information (materials properties, materials synthesis, barriers), discusses ink formulation and solution processing methods, including sol-gel processing, surface functionalization aspects, and presents a comprehensive accounting on the electronic applications of solution processed metal oxide films, including thin film transistors, photovoltaic cells and other electronics devices and circuits. This is an important reference for those interested in oxide electronics, printed electronics, flexible electronics and large-area electronics. Provides in-depth information on solution processing fundamentals, techniques, considerations and barriers combined with key device applications Reviews important device applications, including transistors, light-emitting diodes, and photovoltaic cells Includes an overview of metal oxide materials systems (semiconductors, nanomaterials and thin films), addressing materials synthesis, properties, limitations and surface aspects

Metal Oxide Powder Technologies

Metal Oxide Powder Technologies
Fundamentals, Processing Methods and Applications

by Yarub Al-Douri

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-06-02
  • Pages : 446
  • ISBN : 0128175060
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Metal Oxide Powder Technologies: Fundamentals, Processing Methods and Applications reviews the fundamentals, processing methods and applications of this key materials system. Topics addressed comprehensively cover chemical and physical properties, synthesis, preparation, both accepted and novel processing methods, modeling and simulation. The book provides fundamental information on the key properties that impact performance, such as particle size and crystal structure, along with methods to measure, analyze and evaluate. Finally, important applications are covered, including biomedical, energy, electronics and materials applications. Provides a comprehensive overview of key topics both on the theoretical side and the experimental Discusses important properties that impact metal oxide performance, processing methods (both novel and accepted), and important applications Reviews the most relevant applications, such as biomedical, energy, electronics and materials applications

Titanium Dioxide (TiO2) and Its Applications

Titanium Dioxide (TiO2) and Its Applications
A Book

by Francesco Parrino,Leonardo Palmisano

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-11-29
  • Pages : 730
  • ISBN : 0128204346
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Scientific interest in TiO2-based materials has exponentially grown in the last few decades. Titanium Dioxide (TiO2) and Its Applications introduces the main physicochemical properties of TiO2 which are the basis of its applications in various fields. While the basic principles of the TiO2 properties have been the subject of various previous publications, this book is mainly devoted to TiO2 applications. The book includes contributions written by experts from a wide range of disciplines in order to address titanium dioxide's utilization in energy, consumer, materials, devices, and catalytic applications. The various applications identified include: photocatalysis, catalysis, optics, electronics, energy storage and production, ceramics, pigments, cosmetics, sensors, and heat transfer. Titanium Dioxide (TiO2) and Its Applications is suitable for a wide readership in the disciplines of materials science, chemistry, and engineering in both academia and industry. Includes a wide range of current and emerging applications of titanium dioxide in the fields of energy, consumer applications, materials, and devices Provides a brief overview of titanium dioxide and its properties, as well as techniques to design, deposit, and study the material Discusses the relevant properties, preparation methods, and other apposite considerations in each application-focused chapter

Cerium Oxide (CeO2): Synthesis, Properties and Applications

Cerium Oxide (CeO2): Synthesis, Properties and Applications
A Book

by Salvatore Scire,Leonardo Palmisano

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-08-21
  • Pages : 402
  • ISBN : 0128156627
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Cerium Oxide (CeO2): Synthesis, Properties and Applications provides an updated and comprehensive account of the research in the field of cerium oxide based materials. The book is divided into three main blocks that deal with its properties, synthesis and applications. Special attention is devoted to the growing number of applications of ceria based materials, including their usage in industrial and environmental catalysis and photocatalysis, energy production and storage, sensors, cosmetics, radioprotection, glass technology, pigments, stainless steel and toxicology. A brief historical introduction gives users background, and a final chapter addresses future perspectives and outlooks to stimulate future research. The book is intended for a wide audience, including students, academics and industrial researchers working in materials science, chemistry and physics. Addresses a wide range of applications of ceria-based materials, including catalysis, energy production and storage, sensors, cosmetics and toxicology Provides the fundamentals of ceria-based materials, including synthesis methods, materials properties, toxicology and surface chemistry Includes nanostructured ceria-based materials and a discussion of future prospects and outlooks

Carbon and Oxide Nanostructures

Carbon and Oxide Nanostructures
Synthesis, Characterisation and Applications

by Noorhana Yahya

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2011-01-12
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN : 9783642146732
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume covers all aspects of carbon and oxide based nanostructured materials. The topics include synthesis, characterization and application of carbon-based namely carbon nanotubes, carbon nanofibres, fullerenes, carbon filled composites etc. In addition, metal oxides namely, ZnO, TiO2, Fe2O3, ferrites, garnets etc., for various applications like sensors, solar cells, transformers, antennas, catalysts, batteries, lubricants, are presented. The book also includes the modeling of oxide and carbon based nanomaterials. The book covers the topics: Synthesis, characterization and application of carbon nanotubes, carbon nanofibres, fullerenes Synthesis, characterization and application of oxide based nanomaterials. Nanostructured magnetic and electric materials and their applications. Nanostructured materials for petro-chemical industry. Oxide and carbon based thin films for electronics and sustainable energy. Theory, calculations and modeling of nanostructured materials.

Nanostructured Metal Oxides

Nanostructured Metal Oxides
Processing and Applications

by Enrico Traversa

  • Publisher : The Electrochemical Society
  • Release : 2006-01-01
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN : 1566775094
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The use of metal oxides in nanostructured form, made possible by recent advances in their synthesis, allow the exploitation of unique physical and chemical properties of materials. This issue presents te latest advances in the controlled syntheseis and processing of nanostructured oxides, and the design, fabrication, and performance of devices that utilize them. The emphasis will be on the beneficial effects of using nanostructured materials in enviromentally-friendly applications.

Electrospun Nanofiber Metal Oxides for Reactive Sorption and Catalysis

Electrospun Nanofiber Metal Oxides for Reactive Sorption and Catalysis
A Book

by Faisal Alshafei

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2018
  • Pages : 209
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Electrospun metal oxides is a new class of materials that have demonstrated auspicious potential and have been used in a wide range of applications. In this work, various smooth, continuous, and defect-controlled metal-polymer nanofibers were synthesized via electrospinning with diameters ranging from approximately 50 to 600 nm, and subsequently thermally treated to decompose the polymer (PVP or PEO) and form highly porous, fibrous metal (Cu-, Ni-, Mg-, and Ca-) oxide nanostructures. In the first part of this thesis, parameters that influence the electrospinning process were systematically investigated for PVP-Cu(NO3)2 systems. Both solution properties (polymer/metal concentration, polymer molecular weight, and solvent identity) and processing conditions (applied voltage, tip-of-needle to collector distance, extrusion rate, and humidity) were varied to probe the effect of these electrospinning factors on fiber quality prior to thermal treatment. The data collected demonstrated that factors that do not directly and strongly influence viscosity, conductivity and solvent evaporation (e.g., applied voltage, extrusion rate, and tip-of-needle to collecting plate distance) do not have substantial effects on fiber diameter and morphology. Subsequent thermal treatment of the electrospun nanofibers and choice of metal, however, were found to markedly impact the morphology of the formed fiber oxides (e.g., string-like structures or segmented particles). In the second part of this thesis, electrospun fiber metal oxide materials were tested in two main applications (high temperature CO2 removal and low-temperature H2S removal) and their performance was compared to materials prepared via traditional synthesis routes (e.g., sol-gel, co-precipitation, hydrothermal treatment, etc.) In the first application, CaO-based materials were tested as potential sorbents in sorption enhanced steam methane reforming (SE-SMR) to capture CO2 and shift the reaction towards producing more hydrogen. The electrospun CaO-nanofibers, when reacted with CO2, achieved complete conversion to CaCO3 and had an initial CO2 sorption capacity of 0.79gCO2/gsorbent at 873 K and 923 K (highest of all materials tested), as the macro-porosity imparted by the electrospinning process improved the CO2 diffusion through the CaCO3 product layers. Furthermore, when these electrospun sorbents were added to a commercial catalyst and tested in SE-SMR conditions, they had three to four times longer breakthrough times than CaO sorbents derived from natural sources (e.g., CaO-marble). To further improve the stability of CaO-based sorbents, chemical doping of Ca-supports with Mg, Al, Y, La, Zn, Er, Ga, Li, Nd, In, and Co was combined with electrospinning to yield mixed oxide materials with high sorption capacities (~0.4-0.7 gCO2/gsorbent) and improved durability (up to 17 cycles). It was demonstrated that metals that have high Tammann temperatures were effective at reducing sintering and CaO particle agglomeration by acting as spacers, thus, retaining the sorbent's initial sorption capacity upon repeated cycling. In the second application, CuO nanofibers with varying diameters (~70-650 nm) were prepared from two polymers (PEO and PVP) and reacted with H2S at ambient conditions to form CuS. The results from this study demonstrated that the sulfur removal capacity of CuO materials, whether prepared via electrospinning, hydrothermal treatment, sol-gel or co-precipitation, was strongly dependent on crystallite size (a linear relationship was established between CuO removal capacity and crystallite size and held true for all CuO materials with crystallites between 5-26 nm) and CuO purity (i.e., presence of residual carbon on the surface of the oxide). Indeed, properties such as surface area, pore volume and morphology (e.g., flowerlike, fiber-like, belt-like, etc.) were found to have an insignificant impact on removal capacity. This work offers fundamental insights into the design of multifunctional and highly porous metal oxide nanofibers for sorptive and catalytic applications.

Chemical Abstracts

Chemical Abstracts
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2002
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Carbon and Metal Oxides Based Nanomaterials for Flexible High Performance Asymmetric Supercapacitors

Carbon and Metal Oxides Based Nanomaterials for Flexible High Performance Asymmetric Supercapacitors
A Book

by Yating Hu

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-07-07
  • Pages : 108
  • ISBN : 9811083428
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This thesis examines electrode materials such as mesoporous carbons, manganese oxides, iron oxides and their nanohybrids with graphene. It also explores several of the key scientific issues that act as the governing principles for future development of supercapacitors, which are a promising class of high-efficiency energy storage devices for tackling a key aspect of the energy crisis. However, critical technical issues, such as the low energy density and reliability, need to be addressed before they can be extended to a wide range of applications with much improved performance. Currently available material candidates for the electrodes all have their disadvantages, such as a low specific capacitance or poor conductivity for transition metal oxide/hydroxide-based materials. This thesis addresses these important issues, and develops a high-performance, flexible asymmetric supercapacitor with manganese oxides/reduced graphene oxide as the positive electrode and iron oxide/reduced graphene oxide as the anode, which delivers a high energy density of 0.056 Wh cm-3.

Nanostructured Materials and their Applications

Nanostructured Materials and their Applications
A Book

by Bibhu Prasad Swain

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-10-28
  • Pages : 434
  • ISBN : 9811583072
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book provides an introduction to nanostructured materials and guides the reader through their different engineering applications. It gives an overview of nanostructured materials applied in the fields of physics, chemistry, biology, medicine, and materials science. Materials for different applications in engineering such as those used in opto-electronics, energy, tribology, bio-applications, catalysis, reinforcement and many more have been described in this book. The book will be of interest to researchers and students who want to learn about applications of nanostructured materials in engineering.

Journal of Nano Research

Journal of Nano Research
A Book

by Trans Tech Publications, Limited

  • Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
  • Release : 2017-03-10
  • Pages : 248
  • ISBN : 3035731918
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In this 46th volume of journal "Journal of Nano Research" we present the collection of peer-reviewed papers by results of scientific and engineering researches from field of nanomaterials and applied nanotechnologies. We hope this collection will be useful and interesting for a wide range of engineers, scientists and students which activity is related with creation and using of nanomaterials and nanotechnologies in the different branches of human activity.

Metal Oxide Nanostructures

Metal Oxide Nanostructures
Synthesis, Properties and Applications

by Daniela Nunes,Ana Pimentel,Lidia Santos,Pedro Barquinha,Luis Pereira,Elvira Fortunato,Rodrigo Martins

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2018-11-01
  • Pages : 328
  • ISBN : 012811505X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Metal Oxide Nanostructures: Synthesis, Properties and Applications covers the theoretical and experimental aspects related to design, synthesis, fabrication, processing, structural, morphological, optical and electronic properties on the topic. In addition, it reviews surface functionalization and hybrid materials, focusing on the advantages of these oxide nanostructures. The book concludes with the current and future prospective applications of these materials. Users will find a complete overview of all the important topics related to oxide nanostructures, from the physics of the materials, to its application. Delves into hybrid structured metal oxides and their promising use in the next generation of electronic devices Includes fundamental chapters on synthesis design and the properties of metal oxide nanostructures Provides an in-depth overview of novel applications, including chromogenics, electronics and energy

SPSJ ... Annual Meeting

SPSJ ... Annual Meeting
A Book

by Kōbunshi Gakkai (Japan)

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Dissertation Abstracts International

Dissertation Abstracts International
The sciences and engineering. B

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Polymer Preprints, Japan

Polymer Preprints, Japan
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Design and Optimization of a Biodegradable Nanofiber Based Polymer and Polymer/composite Matrix for Bone Tissue Engineering

Design and Optimization of a Biodegradable Nanofiber Based Polymer and Polymer/composite Matrix for Bone Tissue Engineering
A Book

by Subhabrata Bhattacharyya

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 450
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Value Line Investment Survey

The Value Line Investment Survey
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Organic/inorganic Hybrid Materials

Organic/inorganic Hybrid Materials
Symposium Held ...

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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