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Metallurgy and Design of Alloys with Hierarchical Microstructures

Metallurgy and Design of Alloys with Hierarchical Microstructures
A Book

by Krishnan K. Sankaran,Rajiv S. Mishra

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2017-06-14
  • Pages : 506
  • ISBN : 0128120258
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Metallurgy and Design of Alloys with Hierarchical Microstructures covers the fundamentals of processing-microstructure-property relationships and how multiple properties are balanced and optimized in materials with hierarchical microstructures widely used in critical applications. The discussion is based principally on metallic materials used in aircraft structures; however, because they have sufficiently diverse microstructures, the underlying principles can easily be extended to other materials systems. With the increasing microstructural complexity of structural materials, it is important for students, academic researchers and practicing engineers to possess the knowledge of how materials are optimized and how they will behave in service. The book integrates aspects of computational materials science, physical metallurgy, alloy design, process design, and structure-properties relationships, in a manner not done before. It fills a knowledge gap in the interrelationships of multiple microstructural and deformation mechanisms by applying the concepts and tools of designing microstructures for achieving combinations of engineering properties—such as strength, corrosion resistance, durability and damage tolerance in multi-component materials—used for critical structural applications. Discusses the science behind the properties and performance of advanced metallic materials Provides for the efficient design of materials and processes to satisfy targeted performance in materials and structures Enables the selection and development of new alloys for specific applications based upon evaluation of their microstructure as illustrated in this work

Magnesium Technology 2020

Magnesium Technology 2020
A Book

by J. Brian Jordon,Victoria Miller,Vineet V. Joshi,Neale R. Neelameggham

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-01-22
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 3030366472
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Magnesium Technology Symposium, the event on which this collection is based, is one of the largest yearly gatherings of magnesium specialists in the world. Papers represent all aspects of the field, ranging from primary production to applications to recycling. Moreover, papers explore everything from basic research findings to industrialization. Magnesium Technology 2020 covers a broad spectrum of current topics, including alloys and their properties; cast products and processing; wrought products and processing; forming, joining, and machining; corrosion and surface finishing; and structural applications. In addition, there is coverage of new and emerging applications.

Proceedings of the TMS Middle East - Mediterranean Materials Congress on Energy and Infrastructure Systems (MEMA 2015)

Proceedings of the TMS Middle East - Mediterranean Materials Congress on Energy and Infrastructure Systems (MEMA 2015)
A Book

by Ibrahim Karaman,Raymundo Arróyave,Eyad Masad

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-12-06
  • Pages : 543
  • ISBN : 3319487663
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This is a collection of papers presented at The TMS Middle East - Mediterranean Materials Congress on Energy and Infrastructure Systems (MEMA 2015), a conference organized by The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society (TMS) and held in Doha, Qatar. The event focused on new materials research and development in applications of interest for Qatar and the entire Middle East and Mediterranean region. The papers in this collection are divided into five sections: (1) Sustainable Infrastructure Materials; (2) Computational Materials Design; (3) Materials for Energy Conversion and Storage; (4) Lightweight and High Performance Materials; and (5) Materials for Energy Extraction and Storage: Shape Memory Alloys.

Corrosion of Aluminium

Corrosion of Aluminium
A Book

by Christian Vargel

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2004-10-02
  • Pages : 700
  • ISBN : 9780080472362
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Corrosion of Aluminium highlights the practical and general aspects of the corrosion of aluminium alloys with many illustrations and references. In addition to that, the first chapter allows the reader who is not very familiar with aluminium to understand the metallurgical, chemical and physical features of the aluminium alloys. The author Christian Vargel, has adopted a practitioner approach, based on the expertise and experience gained from a 40 year career in aluminium corrosion This approach is most suitable for assessing the corrosion resistance of aluminium- an assessment which is one of the main conditions for the development of many uses of aluminium in transport, construction, power transmission etc. 600 bibliographic references provide a comprehensive guide to over 100 years of related study Providing practical applications to the reader across many industries Accessible to both the beginner and the expert

Physical Metallurgy

Physical Metallurgy
Principles and Design

by Gregory N. Haidemenopoulos

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-02-07
  • Pages : 476
  • ISBN : 1351812041
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Physical metallurgy is one of the main fields of metallurgical science dealing with the development of the microstructure of metals in order to achieve desirable properties required in technological applications. Physical Metallurgy: Principles and Design focuses on the processing–structure–properties triangle as it applies to metals and alloys. It introduces the fundamental principles of physical metallurgy and the design methodologies for alloys and processing. The first part of the book discusses the structure and change of structure through phase transformations. The latter part of the books deals with plastic deformation, strengthening mechanisms, and mechanical properties as they relate to structure. The book also includes a chapter on physical metallurgy of steels and concludes by discussing the computational tools, involving computational thermodynamics and kinetics, to perform alloy and process design.

Metallography and Microstructure in Ancient and Historic Metals

Metallography and Microstructure in Ancient and Historic Metals
A Book

by David A. Scott

  • Publisher : Getty Publications
  • Release : 1992-01-02
  • Pages : 176
  • ISBN : 0892361956
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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David A. Scott provides a detailed introduction to the structure and morphology of ancient and historic metallic materials. Much of the scientific research on this important topic has been inaccessible, scattered throughout the international literature, or unpublished; this volume, although not exhaustive in its coverage, fills an important need by assembling much of this information in a single source. Jointly published by the GCI and the J. Paul Getty Museum, the book deals with many practical matters relating to the mounting, preparation, etching, polishing, and microscopy of metallic samples and includes an account of the way in which phase diagrams can be used to assist in structural interpretation. The text is supplemented by an extensive number of microstructural studies carried out in the laboratory on ancient and historic metals. The student beginning the study of metallic materials and the conservation scientist who wishes to carry out structural studies of metallic objects of art will find this publication quite useful.

High-Entropy Alloys

High-Entropy Alloys
Fundamentals and Applications

by Michael C. Gao,Jien-Wei Yeh,Peter K. Liaw,Yong Zhang

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-04-27
  • Pages : 516
  • ISBN : 3319270133
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides a systematic and comprehensive description of high-entropy alloys (HEAs). The authors summarize key properties of HEAs from the perspective of both fundamental understanding and applications, which are supported by in-depth analyses. The book also contains computational modeling in tackling HEAs, which help elucidate the formation mechanisms and properties of HEAs from various length and time scales.

Physical Metallurgy of High Manganese Steels

Physical Metallurgy of High Manganese Steels
A Book

by Wolfgang Bleck,Christian Haase

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2019-12-06
  • Pages : 212
  • ISBN : 3039218565
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Special Issue ‘Physical Metallurgy of High Manganese Steels’ addresses the highly fascinating class of manganese-alloyed steels with manganese contents well above 3 mass%. The book gathers manuscripts from internationally recognized researchers with stimulating new ideas and original results. It consists of fifteen original research papers. Seven contributions focus on steels with manganese contents above 12 mass%. These contributions cover fundamental aspects of process-microstrcuture-properties relationships with processes ranging from cold and warm rolling over deep rolling to heat treatment. Novel findings regarding the fatigue and fracture behavior, deformation mechanisms, and computer-aided design are presented. Additionally, the Special Issue also reflects the current trend of reduced Mn content (3-12 mass%) in advanced high strength steels (AHSS). Eight contributions were dedicated to these alloys, which are often referred to as 3rd generation AHSS, medium manganese steels or quenching and partitioning (Q&P/Q+P) steels. The interplay between advanced processing, mainly novel annealing variants, and microstructure evolution has been addressed using computational and experimental approaches. A deeper understanding of strain-rate sensitivity, hydrogen embrittlement, phase transformations, and the consequences for the materials’ properties has been developed. Hence, the topics included are manifold, fundamental-science oriented and, at the same time, relevant to industrial application.

Stainless Steels and Alloys

Stainless Steels and Alloys
A Book

by Zoia Duriagina

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2019-02-13
  • Pages : 158
  • ISBN : 1789853699
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Materials science is the magic that allows us to change the chemical composition and microstructure of material to regulate its corrosion-mechanical, technological, and functional properties. Five major classes of stainless steels are widely used: ferritic, austenitic, martensitic, duplex, and precipitation hardening. Austenitic stainless steels are extensively used for service down to as low as the temperature of liquid helium (-269oC). This is largely due to the lack of a clearly defined transition from ductile to brittle fracture in impact toughness testing. Steels with ferritic or martensitic structures show a sudden change from ductile (safe) to brittle (unsafe) fracture over a small temperature difference. Even the best of these steels shows this behavior at temperatures higher than -100oC and in many cases only just below zero. Various types of stainless steel are used across the whole temperature range from ambient to 1100oC. This book will be useful to scientists, engineers, masters, graduate students, and students. I hope readers will enjoy this book and that it will serve to create new materials with unique properties.

The Microstructure of Superalloys

The Microstructure of Superalloys
A Book

by Madeleine Durand-Charre

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2017-11-22
  • Pages : 124
  • ISBN : 1351409824
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Presents all the main aspects of the microstructure of nickel-base superalloys, and includes micrographs chosen from among a large range of commercial and academic alloys, from the as-cast product to in-situ components, worn from in-service use. Including more than 100 illustrations, the text explains all the transformation mechanisms involved in the origination (creation) of microstructures during solidification or heat treatments (crystallization paths, segregation, crystal orientation, precipitation, TCP, coarsening and rafting, etc.). It includes up-to-date information and data such as phase diagrams, crystallographic structures, and relationships with functional properties. Nearly 300 references provide a key to further investigation.

Additive Manufacturing of High-performance Metals and Alloys

Additive Manufacturing of High-performance Metals and Alloys
Modeling and Optimization

by Igor Shishkovsky

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2018-07-11
  • Pages : 154
  • ISBN : 1789233887
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Freedoms in material choice based on combinatorial design, different directions of process optimization, and computational tools are a significant advantage of additive manufacturing technology. The combination of additive and information technologies enables rapid prototyping and rapid manufacturing models on the design stage, thereby significantly accelerating the design cycle in mechanical engineering. Modern and high-demand powder bed fusion and directed energy deposition methods allow obtaining functional complex shapes and functionally graded structures. Until now, the experimental parametric analysis remains as the main method during AM optimization. Therefore, an additional goal of this book is to introduce readers to new modeling and material's optimization approaches in the rapidly changing world of additive manufacturing of high-performance metals and alloys.

Alloy Steels

Alloy Steels
A Book

by Robert Tuttle

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2018-05-04
  • Pages : 330
  • ISBN : 3038428833
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Alloy Steels" that was published in Metals

Computational Materials Science

Computational Materials Science
The Simulation of Materials, Microstructures and Properties

by Dierk Raabe

  • Publisher : Wiley-VCH
  • Release : 1998-10-27
  • Pages : 379
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Modeling and simulation play an ever increasing role in the development and optimization of materials. Computational Materials Science presents the most important approaches in this new interdisciplinary field of materials science and engineering. The reader will learn to assess which numerical method is appropriate for performing simulations at the various microstructural levels and how they can be coupled. This book addresses graduate students and professionals in materials science and engineering as well as materials-oriented physicists and mechanical engineers.

Neutrons and Synchrotron Radiation in Engineering Materials Science

Neutrons and Synchrotron Radiation in Engineering Materials Science
From Fundamentals to Applications

by Peter Staron,Andreas Schreyer,Helmut Clemens,Svea Mayer

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2017-06-12
  • Pages : 488
  • ISBN : 3527335927
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Besides its coverage of the four important aspects of synchrotron sources, materials and material processes, measuring techniques, and applications, this ready reference presents both important method types: diffraction and tomography. Following an introduction, a general section leads on to methods, while further sections are devoted to emerging methods and industrial applications. In this way, the text provides new users of large-scale facilities with easy access to an understanding of both the methods and opportunities offered by different sources and instruments.

Lamination

Lamination
Theory and Application

by Charles Osheku

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2018-03-21
  • Pages : 124
  • ISBN : 9535139258
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The field of lamination has developed significantly over the past 5000 years. Nowadays, we have a humongous array of structures and technological systems where composite laminates are applied. From the viewpoint of structural mechanics, an interface slip motion between two laminated structures, such as beam plate and plate in the presence of dry friction, can be utilized for slip damping systems. By scientific definition, slip damping is a mechanism exploited for dissipating noise and vibration energy in machine structures and systems. Researchers have developed several mathematical models for noise dissipation, minimization and complete vibration isolation laminated mechanisms. The purpose of this book is to describe new concepts of producing laminated structures and possible modern engineering applications.

Laser Surface Engineering

Laser Surface Engineering
Processes and Applications

by Jonathan R. Lawrence,D Waugh

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2014-10-02
  • Pages : 718
  • ISBN : 1782420797
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Lasers can alter the surface composition and properties of materials in a highly controllable way, which makes them efficient and cost-effective tools for surface engineering. This book provides an overview of the different techniques, the laser-material interactions and the advantages and disadvantages for different applications. Part one looks at laser heat treatment, part two covers laser additive manufacturing such as laser-enhanced electroplating, and part three discusses laser micromachining, structuring and surface modification. Chemical and biological applications of laser surface engineering are explored in part four, including ways to improve the surface corrosion properties of metals. Provides an overview of thermal surface treatments using lasers, including the treatment of steels, light metal alloys, polycrystalline silicon and technical ceramics Addresses the development of new metallic materials, innovations in laser cladding and direct metal deposition, and the fabrication of tuneable micro- and nano-scale surface structures Chapters also cover laser structuring, surface modification, and the chemical and biological applications of laser surface engineering

Physical Metallurgy and Advanced Materials

Physical Metallurgy and Advanced Materials
A Book

by R. E. Smallman,A.H.W. Ngan

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2011-02-24
  • Pages : 672
  • ISBN : 0080552862
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Physical Metallurgy and Advanced Materials is the latest edition of the classic book previously published as Modern Physical Metallurgy and Materials Engineering. Fully revised and expanded, this new edition is developed from its predecessor by including detailed coverage of the latest topics in metallurgy and material science. It emphasizes the science, production and applications of engineering materials and is suitable for all post-introductory materials science courses. This book provides coverage of new materials characterization techniques, including scanning tunneling microscopy (STM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), and nanoindentation. It also boasts an updated coverage of sports materials, biomaterials and nanomaterials. Other topics range from atoms and atomic arrangements to phase equilibria and structure; crystal defects; characterization and analysis of materials; and physical and mechanical properties of materials. The chapters also examine the properties of materials such as advanced alloys, ceramics, glass, polymers, plastics, and composites. The text is easy to navigate with contents split into logical groupings: fundamentals, metals and alloys, nonmetals, processing and applications. It includes detailed worked examples with real-world applications, along with a rich pedagogy comprised of extensive homework exercises, lecture slides and full online solutions manual (coming). Each chapter ends with a set of questions to enable readers to apply the scientific concepts presented, as well as to emphasize important material properties. Physical Metallurgy and Advanced Materials is intended for senior undergraduates and graduate students taking courses in metallurgy, materials science, physical metallurgy, mechanical engineering, biomedical engineering, physics, manufacturing engineering and related courses. Renowned coverage of metals and alloys, plus other materials classes including ceramics and polymers. Updated coverage of sports materials, biomaterials and nanomaterials. Covers new materials characterization techniques, including scanning tunneling microscopy (STM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), and nanoindentation. Easy to navigate with contents split into logical groupings: fundamentals, metals and alloys, nonmetals, processing and applications. Detailed worked examples with real-world applications. Rich pedagogy includes extensive homework exercises.

Metallurgical Design and Industry

Metallurgical Design and Industry
Prehistory to the Space Age

by Brett Kaufman,Clyde L. Briant

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-11-19
  • Pages : 383
  • ISBN : 3319937553
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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​This edited volume examines metallurgical technologies and their place in society throughout the centuries. The authors discuss metal alloys and the use of raw mineral resources as well as fabrication of engineered alloys for a variety of applications. The applications covered in depth include financial, mining and smelting, bridges, armor, aircraft, and power generation. The authors detail the multiple levels and scales of impact that metallurgical advances have had and continue to have on society. They include case studies with guidance for future research design and innovation of metallic materials relevant to societal needs. Includes case studies written by industry professionals with guidance for future research design and innovation; Demonstrates metal materials design that reflects relevant societal needs; Covers a broad range of applied materials used in aircraft, armor, bridges, and power generation, among others.

Advances in Powder Metallurgy & Particulate Materials, 2006

Advances in Powder Metallurgy & Particulate Materials, 2006
Proceedings of the 2006 International Conference on Powder Metallurgy & Particulate Materials

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Scientific Modeling and Simulations

Scientific Modeling and Simulations
A Book

by Sidney Yip,Tomas Diaz Rubia

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2010-04-07
  • Pages : 402
  • ISBN : 1402097417
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Although computational modeling and simulation of material deformation was initiated with the study of structurally simple materials and inert environments, there is an increasing demand for predictive simulation of more realistic material structure and physical conditions. In particular, it is recognized that applied mechanical force can plausibly alter chemical reactions inside materials or at material interfaces, though the fundamental reasons for this chemomechanical coupling are studied in a material-speci c manner. Atomistic-level s- ulations can provide insight into the unit processes that facilitate kinetic reactions within complex materials, but the typical nanosecond timescales of such simulations are in contrast to the second-scale to hour-scale timescales of experimentally accessible or technologically relevant timescales. Further, in complex materials these key unit processes are “rare events” due to the high energy barriers associated with those processes. Examples of such rare events include unbinding between two proteins that tether biological cells to extracellular materials [1], unfolding of complex polymers, stiffness and bond breaking in amorphous glass bers and gels [2], and diffusive hops of point defects within crystalline alloys [3].