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Microbe Mediated Remediation of Environmental Contaminants

Microbe Mediated Remediation of Environmental Contaminants
A Book

by Ajay Kumar,Vipin Kumar Singh,Pardeep Singh,Dr. Virendra Kumar Mishra

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2020-10-14
  • Pages : 474
  • ISBN : 0128232072
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Microbe Mediated Remediation of Environmental Contaminants presents recent scientific progress in applying microbes for environmental management. The book explores the current existing practical applications and provides information to help readers develop new practices and applications. Edited by recognized leaders in the field, this penetrating assessment of our progress to date in deploying microorganisms to the advantage of environmental management and biotechnology will be widely welcomed by those working in soil contamination management, agriculture, environment management, soil microbiology, and waste management. The polluting effects on the world around us of soil erosion, the unwanted migration of sediments, chemical fertilizers and pesticides, and the improper treatment of human and animal wastes have resulted in serious environmental and social problems around the world, problems which require us to look for solutions elsewhere than established physical and chemical technologies. Often the answer lies in hybrid applications in which microbial methods are combined with physical and chemical ones. When we remember that these highly effective microorganisms, cultured for a variety of applications, are but a tiny fraction of those to be found in the world around us, we realize the vastness of the untapped and beneficial potential of microorganisms. Explores microbial application redressing for soil and water contamination challenges Includes information on microbial synthesized nanomaterials for remediation of contaminated soils Presents a uniquely hybrid approach, combining microbial interactions with other chemical and physical methods

Phytotechnologies

Phytotechnologies
Remediation of Environmental Contaminants

by Naser A. Anjum,Maria E. Pereira,Iqbal Ahmad,Armando C. Duarte,Shahid Umar,Nafees A. Khan

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2012-10-23
  • Pages : 617
  • ISBN : 1439875189
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Phytotechnologies: Remediation of Environmental Contaminants highlights the use of natural and inherent traits of plants and associated microbes to exclude, accumulate, or metabolize a variety of contaminants, with the goal of efficiently and sustainably decontaminating the biosphere from unwanted hazardous compounds. Contributed by an international team of authors, the book ensures a balance between theory and practice without compromising the basic conceptual framework of Phytotechnologies. Divided into three major sections, the book: Introduces contaminants and contaminated sites, and also highlights the significance of genus Brassica and vetiver grass species for varied environmental contaminants’ remediation Presents an exhaustive exploration of potential strategies for enhancing plants and associated microbes-mediated environmental contaminants’ remediation Overviews major physiological, biochemical, and genetic-molecular mechanisms responsible for plant tolerance and adaptation to varied environmental contaminants A one-stop source of cutting edge answers and time-saving access, Phytotechnologies: Remediation of Environmental Contaminants is a common platform for engineers, environmental microbiologists, plant physiologists, and molecular biologists with the common aim of sustainable solutions to vital environmental issues. In short, the book provides a conceptual overview of ecosystems approaches and phytotechnologies, and their cumulative significance in relation to various environmental problems and potential solutions.

Bioremediation and Sustainability

Bioremediation and Sustainability
Research and Applications

by Romeela Mohee,Ackmez Mudhoo

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2012-03-27
  • Pages : 438
  • ISBN : 1118062841
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Bioremediation and Sustainability is an up-to-date and comprehensive treatment of research and applications for some of the most important low-cost, "green," emerging technologies in chemical and environmental engineering.

Handbook of Metal-Microbe Interactions and Bioremediation

Handbook of Metal-Microbe Interactions and Bioremediation
A Book

by Surajit Das,Hirak Ranjan Dash

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2017-04-07
  • Pages : 813
  • ISBN : 1351649396
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Around the World, metal pollution is a major problem. Conventional practices of toxic metal removal can be ineffective and/or expensive, delaying and exacerbating the crisis. Those communities dealing with contamination must be aware of the fundamentals advances of microbe-mediated metal removal practices because these methods can be easily used and require less remedial intervention. This book describes innovations and efficient applications for metal bioremediation for environments polluted by metal contaminates.

Sustainable Environmental Clean-up

Sustainable Environmental Clean-up
Green Remediation

by Virendra Kumar Mishra,Ajay Kumar

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-05-13
  • Pages : 356
  • ISBN : 0128238429
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sustainable Environmental Clean-up: Green Remediation includes some natural, clean, and eco-sustainable technologies that have undergone the process of gradual development in past few decades. These technologies include a range of innovative natural and viable materials and offer a clean solution of environmental pollution. It includes case studies of phytoremediation, bioremediation (microbial removal of pollutant), constructed wetlands, natural media filtration for the sustainable environmental cleanup. Sustainable Environmental Clean-up: Green Remediation includes coverage of: Recent trends in eco-sustainable green remediation, Role of constructed wetlands in green remediation, Factor responsible for biodegradation of organic pollutants, Remediation through natural media (Sand, gravel, stope-chips), Microbes and their role in green remediation. Presents recent trends in eco-sustainable green remediation Covers the role of constructed wetlands in green remediation Outlines the factors responsible for biodegradation of organic pollutants Discusses remediation through natural media (Sand, gravel, stope-chips) Explains microbes and their role in green remediation Includes the role of endophytic microbes in organic contamination management

Mycoremediation and Environmental Sustainability

Mycoremediation and Environmental Sustainability
Volume 3

by Ram Prasad

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 3030544222
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Environmental Pollution and Remediation

Environmental Pollution and Remediation
A Book

by Ram Prasad

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9811554994
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Handbook of Research on Microbial Remediation and Microbial Biotechnology for Sustainable Soil

Handbook of Research on Microbial Remediation and Microbial Biotechnology for Sustainable Soil
A Book

by Malik, Junaid Ahmad

  • Publisher : IGI Global
  • Release : 2021-06-11
  • Pages : 806
  • ISBN : 1799870642
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The introduction of contaminants, due to rapid urbanization and anthropogenic activities into the environment, causes distress to the physio-chemical systems including living organisms, which possibly is threatening the dynamics of nature as well as the soil biology by producing certain xenobiotics. Hence, there is an immediate global demand for the diminution of such contaminants and xenobiotics that can otherwise adversely affect the living organisms. Some toxic xenobiotics include synthetic organochlorides such as PAHs and some fractions of crude oil and coal. Over time, microbial remediation processes have been accelerated to produce better, more eco-friendly, and more biodegradable solutions for complete dissemination of these xenobiotic compounds. The advancements in microbiology and biotechnology led to the launch of microbial biotechnology as a separate area of research and contributed dramatically to the development of areas like agriculture, environment, biopharmaceutics, fermented foods, and more. The Handbook of Research on Microbial Remediation and Microbial Biotechnology for Sustainable Soil provides a detailed comprehensive account for microbial treatment technologies, bioremediation strategies, biotechnology, and the important microbial species involved in remediation. The chapters focus on recent developments in microbial biotechnology in the areas of agriculture and environment and the physiology, biochemistry, and the mechanisms of remediation along with a future outlook. This book is ideal for scientists, biologists, academicians, students, and researchers in the fields of life sciences, microbiology, environmental science, environmental engineering, biotechnology, agriculture, and health sciences.

Bioremediation of Pollutants

Bioremediation of Pollutants
From Genetic Engineering to Genome Engineering

by Vimal Chandra Pandey,Vijai Singh

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-05-30
  • Pages : 488
  • ISBN : 0128190264
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Bioremediation of Pollutants: From Genetic Engineering to Genome Engineering provides insights into genetic and genome engineering strategies in bioremediation, covering a wide range of microorganisms that are key to the removal of pollutants. The book includes discussions on root engineering, transgenic plants, metagenomics, bioreactors, molecular biology tools, genome editing, synthetic biology, microbial indicators, biosurfactants, biofilms, genetically modified organisms, and engineered fungi and bacteria. Presented by top experts in the field, this resource captures the essence and diversity of bioremediation methodologies in a single source. Students and beginners in environmental science, researchers, soil scientists, genetic and genome engineers, stakeholders and policymakers interested in improving this rapidly growing area of research will find this resource extremely useful. Draws together research from eminent scientists from across the globe in the areas of phytoremediation and microbial remediation Includes case studies of engineered bacterial remediation Covers the genome editing CRISPR-Cas9 system that has been less explored in plants and microorganisms

Microbial Bioremediation & Biodegradation

Microbial Bioremediation & Biodegradation
A Book

by Maulin P. Shah

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-04-30
  • Pages : 550
  • ISBN : 9811518122
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Microbial or biological degradation has long been the subject of active concern, and the rapid expansion and growing sophistication of various industries in the last century has significantly increased the volume and complexity of toxic residues of wastes. These can be remediated by plants and microbes, either natural origin or adapted for a specific purpose, in a process known as bioremediation. The interest in microbial biodegradation of pollutants has intensified in recent years in an attempt to find sustainable ways to clean contaminated environments. These bioremediation and biotransformation methods take advantage of the tremendous microbial catabolic diversity to degrade, transform or accumulate a variety of compounds, such as hydrocarbons, polychlorinated biphenyls, polaromatic hydrocarbons pharmaceutical substances, radionuclides and metals. Unlike conventional methods, bioremediation does not physically disturb the site. This book describes the basic principles of biodegradation and shows how these principles are related to bioremediation. Authored by leading, international environmental microbiologists, it discusses topics such as aerobic biodegradation, microbial degradation of pollutants, and microbial community dynamics. It provides valuable insights into how biodegration processes work and can be utilised for pollution abatement, and as such appeals to researchers and postgraduate students as well as experts in the field of bioremediation.

Phyto and Rhizo Remediation

Phyto and Rhizo Remediation
A Book

by Naveen Kumar Arora,Narendra Kumar

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2019-11-15
  • Pages : 313
  • ISBN : 981329664X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The increasing human population and the associated activities have negatively influenced the ecosystems and life on earth. The continuous addition of agrochemicals, heavy metals and industrial wastes/ effluents in the ecosystems have caused great harm, including loss of productivity, biodiversity, climate change and diseases in plants, animals and humans, resulting in increased marginal lands and endangered sustainability of life on earth. Hence, there is an urgent need to reverse the impact of dangerous pollutants through a holistic, sustainable and biotic approach. Bioremediation involves the utilization of biological systems, mainly plants (phytoremediation) or microorganisms or both in combination (rhizoremediation) for the removal or degradation of pollutants and revive the habitats in an eco-friendly manner. Recently, there have been many success stories related to bioremediation involving plants or plant-microbe interactions. These success stories are related to the removal of heavy metals, pesticides, polyaromatic hydrocarbons, explosives, radionuclides or reduction of biological oxygen demand, total dissolved solids, total suspended solids, oil spills in water bodies. Rhizoremediation has also been successfully used for reclamation of saline or marginal soils. With the range of pollutants and the total area (on earth) covered by these toxic chemicals, it is important that these eco-friendly technologies be utilized in a better way. The book throws light on the recent happenings, research and success stories related to bioremediation of polluted habitats through phytoremediation or rhizoremediation. The book also highlights some of the significantly important plant and microbial species involved in remediation, the physiology, biochemistry and the mechanisms of remediation by various plants and microbes, and suggestions for future improvement of bioremediation technology.

Microbial Ecology of Wastewater Treatment Plants

Microbial Ecology of Wastewater Treatment Plants
A Book

by Maulin P. Shah,Susana Rodriguez-Couto

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-05-28
  • Pages : 570
  • ISBN : 0128225041
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Microbial Ecology of Wastewater Treatment Plants presents different methods and techniques used in microbial ecology to study the interactions and evolution of microbial populations in WWTPs, particularly the new molecular tools developed in the last decades. These molecular biology-based methods (e.g. studies of DNA, RNA and proteins) provide a high resolution of information compared to traditional ways of studying microbial wastewater populations, such as microscopic examination and culture-based methods. In addition, this book addresses the ability of microorganisms to degrade environmental pollutants. Describes application of different Omics tools in Wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) Demonstrates the role of microorganisms in WWTPs Includes discussions on the microbial ecology of WWTPs Covers the microbial diversity of activated sludge Emphasizes cutting-edge molecular tools

Methods for Bioremediation of Water and Wastewater Pollution

Methods for Bioremediation of Water and Wastewater Pollution
A Book

by Inamuddin

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 303048985X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Omics Technologies for Sustainable Agriculture and Global Food Security Volume 1

Omics Technologies for Sustainable Agriculture and Global Food Security Volume 1
A Book

by Anirudh Kumar

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9811608318
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Rhizobiont in Bioremediation of Hazardous Waste

Rhizobiont in Bioremediation of Hazardous Waste
A Book

by Vivek Kumar

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9811606021
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Wastewater Treatment Reactors

Wastewater Treatment Reactors
Microbial Community Structure

by Maulin P. Shah,Susana Rodriguez-Couto

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-05-14
  • Pages : 644
  • ISBN : 0128242442
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Wastewater Treatment Reactors: Microbial Community Structure analyzes microbial community structure in relation to changes in physico-chemical parameters, the gene content (metagenome) or gene expression (metatranscriptome) of microbial communities in relation to changes in physico-chemical parameters, physiological aspects of microbial communities, enrichment cultures or pure cultures of key species in relation to changes in physico-chemical parameters, and modeling of potential consequences of changes in microbial community structure or function for higher trophic levels in a given habitat. As several studies have been carried out to understand bulking phenomena and the importance of environmental factors on sludge settling characteristics, which are thought to be strongly influenced by flocculation, sludge bulking, foaming and rising, this book is an ideal resource on the topics covered. Presents the state-of-the-art techniques and applications of omics tools in wastewater treatment reactors (WWTRs) Describes both theoretical and practical knowledge surrounding the fundamental roles of microorganisms in WWTRs Points out the reuse of treated wastewater through emerging technologies Covers the economics of wastewater treatment and the development of suitable alternatives in terms of performance and cost effectiveness Discusses cutting-edge molecular biological tools Gives in-depth knowledge to study microbial community structure and function in wastewater treatment reactors

Plant Microbiome Paradigm

Plant Microbiome Paradigm
A Book

by Ajit Varma,Swati Tripathi,Ram Prasad

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-08-28
  • Pages : 307
  • ISBN : 303050395X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides a comprehensive overview of the current state of knowledge on plant-microbiome interactions and associations. It covers all major mechanistic approaches used to investigate microbes’ impacts on plant growth promotion, disease control and health. The industrial manufacture of nitrogen currently accounts for roughly 2% of the world’s total energy consumption. Microbial products are expected to reduce the need for costly fertilizers, as well as chemical pesticides and fungicides. While beneficial microorganisms are increasingly being used in agriculture, abiotic and biotic stresses such as heat, drought, cold, and salt can quickly kill or render them useless in the field. However, discovering new and better treatments is a lengthy process due to the considerable microbial diversity found in soils. Researchers have now proposed using biotechnological approaches to accelerate the process of microbial technology development. The fact that plant-associated microbes stimulate plant growth and development is well known, as the examples of rhizobia and mycorrhizal fungi show. The mechanisms by which these microorganisms maintain plant growth include the production of phytohormones, fixation of nitrogen, and the mobilization of phosphorus and minerals. The plant microbiome is also involved in pathogen suppression, and especially the root microbiome acts as a protective shield against soil-borne pathogens. A special feature of this book is its multidisciplinary approach, spanning from plant microbiology/biocontrol, fungal and bacterial endophytes, plant physiology, to biochemistry, proteomics and genomics. It is ideally suited for researchers and student of agri-biotechnology, soil biology and fungal biology.

Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology

Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
A Book

by David M. Whitacre

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-13
  • Pages : 182
  • ISBN : 146145882X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology attempts to provide concise, critical reviews of timely advances, philosophy and significant areas of accomplished or needed endeavor in the total field of xenobiotics, in any segment of the environment, as well as toxicological implications.

Grand Challenges in Algae Biotechnology

Grand Challenges in Algae Biotechnology
A Book

by Armin Hallmann,Pabulo H. Rampelotto

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-01-02
  • Pages : 591
  • ISBN : 3030252337
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In this book, researchers and practitioners working in the field present the major promises of algae biotechnology and they critically discuss the challenges arising from applications. Based on this assessment, the authors explore the great scientific, industrial and economic potential opened up by algae biotechnology. The first part of the book presents recent developments in key enabling technologies, which are the driving force to unleash the enormous potential of algae biotechnology. The second part of the book focuses on how practical applications of algae biotechnology may provide new solutions to some of the grand challenges of the 21st century. Algae offer great potential to support the building of a bio-based economy and they can contribute new solutions to some of the grand challenges of the 21st century. Despite significant progress, algae biotechnology is yet far from fulfilling its potential. How to unleash this enormous potential is the challenge that the own field is facing. New cultivation technologies and bioprocess engineering allow for optimization of the operation strategy of state-of the art industrial-scale production systems and they reduce the production costs. Parallel to this, new molecular technologies for genetic and metabolic engineering of (micro)algae develop quickly. The optimization of existing biochemical pathways or the introduction of pathway components makes high-yield production of specific metabolites possible. Novel screening technologies including high-throughput technologies enables testing of extremely large numbers of samples and, thus, allow for large scale modelling of biomolecular processes, which would have not been possible in the past. Moreover, profitable production can demand for integrated biorefining, which combines consecutive processes and various feedstocks to produce both transportation fuel, electric energy and valuable chemicals.

Handbook of Metal-Microbe Interactions and Bioremediation

Handbook of Metal-Microbe Interactions and Bioremediation
A Book

by Surajit Das,Hirak Ranjan Dash

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2017-04-07
  • Pages : 813
  • ISBN : 1498762433
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Around the World, metal pollution is a major problem. Conventional practices of toxic metal removal can be ineffective and/or expensive, delaying and exacerbating the crisis. Those communities dealing with contamination must be aware of the fundamentals advances of microbe-mediated metal removal practices because these methods can be easily used and require less remedial intervention. This book describes innovations and efficient applications for metal bioremediation for environments polluted by metal contaminates.