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Microbial and Natural Macromolecules

Microbial and Natural Macromolecules
Synthesis and Applications

by Surajit Das,Hirak Ranjan Dash

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-09-15
  • Pages : 862
  • ISBN : 0128200855
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Microbial and Natural Macromolecules: Synthesis and Applications brings together active scientists and academicians in the field who share updated information and research outcomes from global experts. Microbial macromolecular diversity, molecular composure, genetics, usability of advanced molecular tools and techniques for their study as well as their applicability are discussed with detailed research perspectives. Illustrates fundamental discoveries and methodological advancements Discusses novel functional attributes of macromolecules Updates progress on microbial macromolecular research

Novel Biodegradable Microbial Polymers

Novel Biodegradable Microbial Polymers
A Book

by E.A. Dawes

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 485
  • ISBN : 9400921292
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The NATO Advanced Research Workshop from which this book derives was conceived during Biotec-88, the Second Spanish Conference on Biotechnology, held at Barcelona in June 1988. The President of the Conference, Dr. Ricardo Guerrero, had arranged sessions on bacterial polymers which included lectures by five invited participants who, together with Dr. Guerrero, became the Organizing Committee for a projected meeting that would focus attention upon the increasing international importance of novel biodegradable polymers. The proposal found favour with the NATO Science Committee and, with Dr. R. Clinton Fuller and Dr. Robert W. Lenz as the co-Directors, Dr. Edwin A. Dawes as the Proceedings Editor, and Dr. Hans G. Schlegel, Dr. Alexander J.B. Zehnder and Dr. Ricardo Guerrero as members of the Organizing Committee, the meeting quickly took shape. To Dr. Guerrero we owe the happy choice of Sitges for the venue, a pleasant coastal resort 36 kilometres from Barcelona, which proved ideal. The sessions were held at the Palau de Maricel in appropriately impressive surroundings, and invaluable local support was provided by Mr. Jordi Mas-Castella and by Ms. Merce Piqueras. Much of the preparatory work fell upon the broad shoulders of Mr. Edward Knee, whose efforts are deeply appreciated. The Organizing Committee hopes that this Workshop will prove to be the first of a series which will aim to keep abreast of a rapidly expanding and exciting area of research that is highly relevant to environmental and industrial interests.

Recent Advances in Biotechnology Volume, 2: Microbial Biopolyester Production, Performance and Processing Bioengineering, Characterization, and Sustainability

Recent Advances in Biotechnology Volume, 2: Microbial Biopolyester Production, Performance and Processing Bioengineering, Characterization, and Sustainability

by Martin Koller

  • Publisher : Bentham Science Publishers
  • Release : 2016-12-06
  • Pages : 520
  • ISBN : 1681083736
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Global plastic production is estimated to be over 300Mt annually. Most conventional plastics are predominantly produced from fossil fuels and are highly resistant to biodegradation, and only a small share of about 20% of spent plastics is believed to be recycled, which is a cause for environmental concern. Biodegradable plastics would solve this concern as they are a sustainable alternative, yet these do not even cover 5% of the global plastic market. Microbial polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) are a versatile group of polyesters produced by nature as prokaryotic storage materials. PHAs can be produced through sustainable bioprocess engineering and have displayed remarkable flexibility in their physical and chemical properties. PHAs are the subject of several scientific papers and numerous PHA patents have also been filed, generating significant interest in the plastic production industry. To develop overall sustainable and efficient production processes, all bioprocess steps need to be thoroughly understood and accounted for. These processes start with the selection of suitable inexpensive raw materials (microbes and enzymes), optimizing the process engineering and process regime, and conclude with the enhancement of product recovery in terms of time, energy, and material input. Microbial Biopolyester Production, Performance and Processing: Bioengineering, Characterization, and Sustainability is a compilation of eight chapters covering bacterial polyesters, green plastics and PHAs from various angles. The contents of this volume focus on sustainable practices focus on the sustainability of processes that involve the synthesis and recycling of these meterials. The volume is a useful resource for bioprocess engineers, microbiologists, biotechnologists and chemical engineers interested in the basics of biodegradable plastic production.

Volatiles and Metabolites of Microbes

Volatiles and Metabolites of Microbes
A Book

by Ajay Kumar,Joginder Singh,Jastin Samuel

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2021-06-22
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN : 0323851649
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Volatiles and Metabolites of Microbes compiles the latest research and advancement in the field of volatiles, metabolites synthesized from the microbial strains such as actinomycetes, bacteria, cyanobacteria, and fungal species and their potential applications in the field of healthcare issue and sustainable agriculture. There is an urgent need to explore new and advanced biological methods for health industries and sustainable agriculture and to protect the environment from environmental pollution or contaminates, global warming, and also control the health of human beings from the side effects of various pharmaceuticals products. Focusing all these factors, Volatiles and Metabolites of Microbes explores new aspects of microorganism in terms of volatiles, enzymes, bioactive compounds synthesized from the microbes and their potential applications in the field of sustainable agriculture and health-related issues Provides a broad aspect about volatiles, bioactive compounds, and secondary metabolites of microbes compiled in one cover Gives the latest research and advancement in the field of volatiles, secondary metabolites, and bioactive compounds synthesized from the different microbial strains Responds to new developments in the detection of the complex compound structures of volatiles Offers insight to a very broad audience in Biotechnology, Applied Microbiology, Agronomy, and Pathology

Complex Enzymes in Microbial Natural Product Biosynthesis, Part A: Overview Articles and Peptides

Complex Enzymes in Microbial Natural Product Biosynthesis, Part A: Overview Articles and Peptides
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2009-04-10
  • Pages : 350
  • ISBN : 0080923356
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Microbial natural products have been an important traditional source of valuable antibiotics and other drugs but interest in them waned in the 1990s when big pharma decided that their discovery was no longer cost-effective and concentrated instead on synthetic chemistry as a source of novel compounds, often with disappointing results. Moreover understanding the biosynthesis of complex natural products was frustratingly difficult. With the development of molecular genetic methods to isolate and manipulate the complex microbial enzymes that make natural products, unexpected chemistry has been revealed and interest in the compounds has again flowered. This two-volume treatment of the subject will showcase the most important chemical classes of complex natural products: the peptides, made by the assembly of short chains of amino acid subunits, and the polyketides, assembled from the joining of small carboxylic acids such as acetate and malonate. In both classes, variation in sub-unit structure, number and chemical modification leads to an almost infinite variety of final structures, accounting for the huge importance of the compounds in nature and medicine. * Gathers tried and tested methods and techniques from top players in the field. * In depth coverage of ribosomally-synthesised and Non-ribosomally-synthesised peptides. * Provides an extremely useful reference for the experienced research scientist.

Recent Developments in Applied Microbiology and Biochemistry

Recent Developments in Applied Microbiology and Biochemistry
Volume 2

by Buddolla Viswanath

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-10-15
  • Pages : 380
  • ISBN : 0128214074
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Recent Developments in Applied Microbiology and Biochemistry, Vol. 2, provides a comprehensive treatment and understanding on application oriented microbial concepts, giving readers insights into recent developments in microbial biotechnology and medical, agricultural and environmental microbiology. Discusses microbial proteome analyses and their importance in medical microbiology Explores emerging trends in the prevention of current global health problems, such as cancer, obesity and immunity Shows recent approaches in the production of novel enzymes from environmental samples by enrichment culture and metagenomics approaches Guides readers through the status and recent developments in analytical methods for the detection of foodborne microorganisms

Advances in Microbial Ecology

Advances in Microbial Ecology
A Book

by K. C. Marshall

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN : 1461583187
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume of Advances in Microbial Ecology marks a change in the editor ship of the series. The Editorial Board wishes to take this opportunity to express its gratitude to Martin Alexander, the founding editor and editor of the first five volumes, for his enterprise in establishing the series and in ensuring that Advances has become an outstanding focal point for the identification of new developments in the rapidly expanding field of microbial ecology. With the publication of this volume, we welcome Howard Slater to the Editorial Board. The policies of the Editorial Board remain the same as before. Most con tributions to Advances in Microbial Ecology will be solicited by the Board. However, individuals are encouraged to submit outlines of unsolicited contri butions to the Board for consideration for inclusion in the series. Advances is designed to serve an international audience and to provide critical reviews on basic and applied aspects of microbial ecology. Contributions in the present volume are predominantly concerned with the ecology of aquatic microorganisms, but encompass a variety of approaches to this area. The exception is the chapter by J. W. Doran on the role of micro organisms in the cycling of selenium. G-Y. Rhee discusses the effects of envi ronmental factors on phytoplankton growth. The factors limiting the produc tivity of freshwater microbial ecosystems are considered by H. W. Paerl.

Textiles and Their Use in Microbial Protection

Textiles and Their Use in Microbial Protection
Focus on COVID-19 and Other Viruses

by Jiri Militky,Aravin Prince Periyasamy,Mohanapriya Venkataraman

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2021-06-09
  • Pages : 318
  • ISBN : 1000395855
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Textiles and Their Use in Microbial Protection: Focus on COVID-19 and Other Viruses provides readers with vital information about disinfection mechanisms used in textile applications in the fight against dangerous microbes and viruses. KEY FEATURES: Introduces the basics of textile materials used for medical applications Features key information on virology, characterization, indication, and passivation of COVID-19 Describes UV, photocatalysis, photooxidation, application of TiO2, copper-based viral inhibition, and activated carbon Discusses antiviral finishes for the protection against SARS-CoV-2, particle penetration in dense cotton fabrics under swollen state, and the impact of moisture on face masks and their designs Aimed at textile and materials engineers as well as readers in medical fields, this text offers a comprehensive view of fundamentals and solutions in the use of textiles for microbial protection.

Production of Top 12 Biochemicals Selected by USDOE from Renewable Resources

Production of Top 12 Biochemicals Selected by USDOE from Renewable Resources
Status and Innovation

by Anuj K. Chandel,Fernando Segato

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-11-01
  • Pages : 474
  • ISBN : 012823654X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Production of Top 12 Biochemicals Selected by USDOE from Renewable Resources: Status and Innovation covers all important technological aspects of the production of biochemicals from renewable feedstock. All the important technological aspects of biomass conversion for example biomass pretreatment, enzymatic hydrolysis for cellulosic sugars production followed by the fermentation into chemicals and downstream recovery of the products is reviewed. Recent technological advancements in suitable microorganism development, bioprocess engineering for biomass conversion for cellulosic sugars production and various fermentation strategies and downstream recovery of these top 12 products is presented. Each bio-chemical selected by US Department of Energy i.e. ethanol, xylitol/sorbitol, furans (5-HMF, 2,5-FDCA,), glycerol & its derivatives, hydrocarbons) isoprene, iso-butadienes and others), lactic acid, succinic acid, 3-hydroxy propionic acid, levulinic acid and biohydrogen/biogas is included in a single book chapter. In addition to the technical aspects of these 12 biochemicals, general technological challenges dealing with lignocellulose refining, perspectives and solutions are elaborated in the book. Also, life cycle analysis, techno-economic viability, and sustainability index of biofuels/biochemicals are comprehensively reviewed in the book. covers uniquely designed scientific and technical literature on USDOE top listed biochemicals production with clear images and tables in the context of biomass valorisation Includes the clear and simplistic illustration of technological updates on biomass processing, system biology, microbial fermentation, catalysis, regeneration and monitoring of renewable energy and chemicals production Presents fast and reliable source of information on techno-economic analysis, life cycle analysis, technological scouting at industrial scale Entails fundamental aspects, recent developments in production of renewable chemicals as building block materials for commodity chemicals production

Marine Microbiology

Marine Microbiology
A Book

by Colin Munn

  • Publisher : Garland Science
  • Release : 2011-04-01
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 1136667520
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Marine Microbiology brings together microbial biology and ecology to create an integrated approach that addresses environmental management, human health, and economic concerns. The Second Edition takes into account many new discoveries in the field including the role of microbes in ocean processes and nutrient cycles, the importance of viruses, the beneficial role of marine microbes in biotechnology, biofuels, metagenomics and synthetic biology, and new research on the impact of climate change and ocean acidification. The first three sections review the main features of the marine environment and key aspects of marine microbial life; the second section examines the role of marine microorganisms in ecology; and the final section considers some of the applications of this knowledge in areas such as disease and biodegradation. Marine Microbiology is ideally suited for upper level undergraduate and graduate students, and researchers.

Pulp Production and Processing

Pulp Production and Processing
High-Tech Applications

by Valentin I. Popa

  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Release : 2020-07-06
  • Pages : 414
  • ISBN : 3110658844
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents the aspects of cellulose obtained in correlation with its integration into the new concept of biorefining. The authors detail the individual steps of pulp manufacture as well as properties and fiber characterization techniques for paper, cellulose derivatives and processing by-products. This book is of interest to scientists and advanced students working in the fields of renewable resources and biorefining.

Genome Mining and Marine Microbial Natural Products

Genome Mining and Marine Microbial Natural Products
A Book

by Kui Hong,Changsheng Zhang,Alan Dobson

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2020-01-07
  • Pages : 202
  • ISBN : 3039280902
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Two review papers, eight research articles, and one brief report were published in this Special Issue. They showed the rich resources that are present within the genomes of marine microorganisms and discussed the use of recently developed tools and technologies to exploit this genetic richness. Examples include the rational supply of precursors according to the relevant biosynthetic pathway and stress driven discovery together with the use of histone deacetylase inhibitors to facilitate the discovery of new bioactive molecules with potential biopharmaceutical applications. We believe that the content of this Special Issue reflects the current state-of-the-art research in this area and highlights the interesting strategies that are being employed to uncover increasing numbers of exciting novel compounds for drug discovery from marine genetic resources.

Complex Enzymes in Microbial Natural Product Biosynthesis, Part B: Polyketides, Aminocoumarins and Carbohydrates

Complex Enzymes in Microbial Natural Product Biosynthesis, Part B: Polyketides, Aminocoumarins and Carbohydrates
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2009-04-11
  • Pages : 398
  • ISBN : 9780080923369
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Microbial natural products have been an important traditional source of valuable antibiotics and other drugs but interest in them waned in the 1990s when big pharma decided that their discovery was no longer cost-effective and concentrated instead on synthetic chemistry as a source of novel compounds, often with disappointing results. Moreover understanding the biosynthesis of complex natural products was frustratingly difficult. With the development of molecular genetic methods to isolate and manipulate the complex microbial enzymes that make natural products, unexpected chemistry has been revealed and interest in the compounds has again flowered. This two-volume treatment of the subject will showcase the most important chemical classes of complex natural products: the peptides, made by the assembly of short chains of amino acid subunits, and the polyketides, assembled from the joining of small carboxylic acids such as acetate and malonate. In both classes, variation in sub-unit structure, number and chemical modification leads to an almost infinite variety of final structures, accounting for the huge importance of the compounds in nature and medicine. * Gathers tried and tested methods and techniques from top players in the field. * Provides an extremely useful reference for the experienced research scientist. * Covers biosynthesis of Polyketides, Tarpenoids, Aminocoumarins and Crabohydrates

Microbial Extracellular Polymeric Substances

Microbial Extracellular Polymeric Substances
Characterization, Structure and Function

by Jost Wingender,Thomas R. Neu,Hans-Curt Flemming

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 258
  • ISBN : 3642601472
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Microbial extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) are the key components for the aggregation of microorganisms in biofilms, flocs and sludge. They are composed of polysaccharides, proteins, nucleic acids, lipids and other biological macromolecules. EPS provide a highly hydrated gel matrix in which microbial cells can establish stable synergistic consortia. Cohesion and adhesion as well as morphology, structure, biological function and other properties such as mechanical stability, diffusion, sorption and optical properties of microbial aggregates are determined by the EPS matrix. Also, the protection of biofilm organisms against biocides is attributed to the EPS. Their matrix allows phase separation in biofiltration and is also important for the degradation of particulate material which is of great importance for the self purification processes in surface waters and for waste water treatment.

Marine Microbiology

Marine Microbiology
Ecology & Applications

by Colin B. Munn

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2019-11-26
  • Pages : 418
  • ISBN : 0429590423
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The third edition of this bestselling text has been rigorously updated to reflect major new discoveries and concepts since 2011, especially progress due to extensive application of high-throughput sequencing, single cell genomics and analysis of large datasets. Significant advances in understanding the diversity and evolution of bacteria, archaea, fungi, protists, and viruses are discussed and their importance in marine processes is explored in detail. Now in full colour throughout, all chapters have been significantly expanded, with many new diagrams, illustrations and boxes to aid students’ interest and understanding. Novel pedagogy is designed to encourage students to explore current high-profile research topics. Examples include the impacts of rising CO2 levels on microbial community structure and ocean processes, interactions of microbes with plastic pollution, symbiotic interactions, and emerging diseases of marine life. This is the only textbook addressing such a broad range of topics in the specific area of marine microbiology, now a core topic within broader Marine Science degrees. A Companion Website provides additional online resources for instructors and students, including a summary of key concepts and terminology for each chapter, links to further resources, and flashcards to aid self-assessment.

Biodamage and Biodegradation of Polymeric Materials

Biodamage and Biodegradation of Polymeric Materials
A Book

by Elena L Pekhtasheva

  • Publisher : Smithers Rapra
  • Release : 2012-08-31
  • Pages : 258
  • ISBN : 1847357539
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The issue of biodamages comprises a wide range of scientific and practical tasks associated with protection of raw materials and products against damage by bacteria, fungi, insects and rodents during long-term storage, production, transportation and operation. The biodegradation is used for degradation and utilization of worn-out materials and articles. This research is urgent for ecology and the struggle against environmental contamination. The biodamage problem is both scientifically complex and practically diverse. Scientifically, it is based on the knowledge of material science, biology and chemistry.The first objective of this book is to provide detailed information on the three interrelated parts: bacteria and fungi (the source of biodamages); insects and rodents (materials and products depredators); and materials and products damaged by living organisms. The most modern data on morphology and physiology of biodegrading microorganisms are presented. The second objective of this book is to provide the reader with a systematisation of biological degradation on both natural and synthetic materials and products (plastics, textile, fibres, leather and fur, wood and so on). Problems of utilisation of polymeric wastes using microorganisms are discussed and main protection methods and technology for raw materials and semi-products against biodamages are shown. Practical recommendation for struggle against biodamage of materials by insects (moth, leather beetles, wood-fretters, cockroaches and termites) and rodents (mice and rats) are given.Since 1960 the biodamage problem received the official status as a large international and practical direction at the junction of sciences and practice of mankind and pooling efforts of various specialists. The final objective of this book is to illustrate that the problem of biodamages is very real today because it is relevant to many aspects of our everyday lives.This volume is intended to be a practical guide on biodamage and biodegradation of polymeric materials and a quick reference to students and researchers from academia and the industry.

Marine Glycobiology

Marine Glycobiology
Principles and Applications

by Se-Kwon Kim

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2016-10-14
  • Pages : 520
  • ISBN : 1498709621
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Marine glycobiology is an emerging and exciting area in the field of science and medicine. Glycobiology, the study of the structure and function of carbohydrates and carbohydrate-containing molecules, is fundamental to all biological systems and represents a developing field of science that has made huge advances in the last half-century. This book revolutionizes the concept of marine glycobiology, focusing on the latest principles and applications of marine glycobiology and their relationships.

Microbial Biofilms in Healthcare

Microbial Biofilms in Healthcare
Formation, Prevention and Treatment

by Karen Vickery

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2020-03-16
  • Pages : 166
  • ISBN : 303928410X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biofilms are ubiquitous and their presence in industry can lead to production losses. However, nowhere do biofilms impact human health and welfare as much as those that are found contaminating the healthcare environment, surgical instruments, equipment, and medical implantable devices. Approximately 70% of healthcare-associated infections are due to biofilm formation, resulting in increased patient morbidity and mortality. Biofilms formed on medical implants are recalcitrant to antibiotic treatment, which leaves implant removal as the principal treatment option. In this book, we investigate the role of biofilms in breast and dental implant disease and cancer. We include in vitro models for investigating treatment of chronic wounds and disinfectant action against Candida sp. Also included are papers on the most recent strategies for treating biofilm infection ranging from antibiotics incorporated into bone void fillers to antimicrobial peptides and quorum sensing.

Topics in Ecological and Environmental Microbiology

Topics in Ecological and Environmental Microbiology
A Book

by Tom Schmidt,Moselio Schaechter

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2012
  • Pages : 749
  • ISBN : 0123838797
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"In 2009, the third edition of the Encyclopedia of Microbiology and the Desk Encyclopedia of Microbiology published, providing customers with a six-volume compendium and condensed reference, respectively, on the vast subject of microbiology. This derivative will compile thirty-two chapters from the original MRW relating to microbial ecology (the study of how microbes interact with each other and their environments) and present them in a single thematic volume that will appeal to researchers, technicians, and students in the environmental science and microbial ecology fields. Classic and cutting-edge entries on topics including air quality, marine habitats, food webs, and microbial adhesion will be fully updated by their original authors (when possible), providing a up-to-date and affordable option to those with focused research interests"--Provided by publisher.

Biodegradable polymers for industrial applications

Biodegradable polymers for industrial applications
A Book

by Ray Smith

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2005-05-17
  • Pages : 532
  • ISBN : 9780849334665
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The vast majority of plastic products are made from petroleum-based synthetic polymers that do not degrade in a landfill or in a compost-like environment. Therefore, the disposal of these products poses a serious environmental problem. An environmentally-conscious alternative is to design/synthesize polymers that are biodegradable. Biodegradable polymers for industrial applications introduces the subject in part one by outlining the classification and development of biodegradable polymers with individual chapters on polyhydroxyalkanoates, polyesteramides and thermoplastic starch biodegradable polymers and others. The second part explores the materials available for the production of biodegradable polymers. Polymers derived from sugars, natural fibres, renewable forest resources, poly(lactic acid) and protein-nanoparticle composites will be looked at in detail in this section. Part three looks at the properties and mechanisms of degradation, prefacing the subject with a chapter on current standards. The final part explores opportunities for industrial applications, with chapters on packing, agriculture and biodegradable polycaprolactone foams in supercritical carbon dioxide. Biodegradable polymers for industrial applications explores the fundamental concepts concerning the development of biodegradable polymers, degradable polymers from sustainable sources, degradation and properties and industrial applications. It is an authoritative book that will be invaluable for academics, researchers and policy makers in the industry.