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Microbiomes and Plant Health

Microbiomes and Plant Health
Panoply and Their Applications

by Manoj Kumar Solanki,Prem Lal Kashyap,Rizwan Ali Ansari,Baby Kumari

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-09-14
  • Pages : 518
  • ISBN : 0128226013
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Microbiomes and Plant Health: Panoply and Their Applications includes the most recent advances in phytobiome research. The book emphasizes the use of modern molecular tools such as smart delivery systems for microbiol inoculation, next-generation sequencing, and genome mapping. Chapters discuss a variety of applications and examples, including the sugarcane microbiome, rhizoengineering, nutrient recycling, sustainable agricultural practices and bio-potential of herbal medicinal plants. Written by a range of experts with real-world practical insights, this title is sure to be an essential read for plant and soil microbiologists, phytopathologists, agronomists, and researchers interested in sustainable forestry and agriculture practices. Offers readers a one-stop resource on the topic of plant and soil microbiome and their applications in plant disease, sustainable agriculture, soil health and medicinal plants Addresses the role of phytobiome to combat biotic and abiotic factors Emphasizes the use of modern molecular tools such as smart delivery systems for microbial inoculation, next-generation sequencing and genome mapping

The plant microbiome and its importance for plant and human health

The plant microbiome and its importance for plant and human health

by Martin Grube,Michael Schloter,Kornelia Smalla,Gabriele Berg

  • Publisher : Frontiers E-books
  • Release : 2015-01-22
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 2889193780
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The study of plant-microbe associations by new techniques has significantly improved our understanding of the structure and specificity of the plant microbiome. Yet, microbiome function and the importance of the plant’s microbiome in the context of human and plant health are largely unexplored. Comparable with our human microbiome, millions of microbes inhabit plants, forming complex ecological communities that influence plant growth and health through its collective metabolic activities and host interactions. Viewing the microbiota from an ecological perspective can provide insight into how to promote plant health and stress tolerance of their hosts or how to adapt to a changing climate by targeting this microbial community. Moreover, the plant microbiome has a substantial impact on human health by influencing our gut microbiome by eating raw plants such as lettuce and herbs but also by influencing the microbiome of our environment through airflow. This research topic comprising reviews, original and opinion articles highlights the current knowledge regarding plant microbiomes, their specificity, diversity and function as well as all aspects studying the management of plant microbiomes to enhance plant growth, health quality and stress tolerance.

Microbiome in Plant Health and Disease

Microbiome in Plant Health and Disease
Challenges and Opportunities

by Vivek Kumar,Ram Prasad,Manoj Kumar,Devendra K. Choudhary

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-08-10
  • Pages : 534
  • ISBN : 9811384959
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book discusses the complex interactions between plants and their associated microbial communities. It also elucidates the ways in which these microbiomes are connected with the plant system, and how they affect plant health. The different chapters describe how microbiomes affect plants with regard to immunity, disease conditions, stress management and productivity. In addition, the book describes how an ‘additional plant genome’ functions as a whole organ system of the host, and how it presents both challenges and opportunities for the plant system. Moreover, the book includes a dedicated section on using omics tools to understand these interactions, and on exploiting them to their full potential.

Plant Microbiomes for Sustainable Agriculture

Plant Microbiomes for Sustainable Agriculture
A Book

by Ajar Nath Yadav,Joginder Singh,Ali Asghar Rastegari,Neelam Yadav

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2020-05-09
  • Pages : 482
  • ISBN : 9783030384524
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book encompasses the current knowledge of plant microbiomes and their potential biotechnological application for plant growth, crop yield and soil health for sustainable agriculture. The plant microbiomes (rhizospheric, endophytic and epiphytic) play an important role in plant growth, development, and soil health. Plant and rhizospheric soil are a valuable natural resource harbouring hotspots of microbes, and it plays critical roles in the maintenance of global nutrient balance and ecosystem function. The diverse group of microbes is key components of soil–plant systems, where they are engaged in an intense network of interactions in the rhizosphere/endophytic/phyllospheric. The rhizospheric microbial diversity present in rhizospheric zones has a sufficient amount of nutrients release by plant root systems in form of root exudates for growth, development and activities of microbes. The endophytic microbes are referred to those microorganisms, which colonize in the interior of the plant parts, viz root, stem or seeds without causing any harmful effect on host plant. Endophytic microbes enter in host plants mainly through wounds, naturally occurring as a result of plant growth, or through root hairs and at epidermal conjunctions. Endophytes may be transmitted either vertically (directly from parent to offspring) or horizontally (among individuals). The phyllosphere is a common niche for synergism between microbes and plant. The leaf surface has been termed as phyllosphere and zone of leaves inhabited by microorganisms as phyllosphere. The plant part, especially leaves, is exposed to dust and air currents resulting in the establishments of typical flora on their surface aided by the cuticles, waxes and appendages, which help in the anchorage of microorganisms. The phyllospheric microbes may survive or proliferate on leaves depending on extent of influences of material in leaf diffuseness or exudates. The leaf diffuseness contains the principal nutrients factors (amino acids, glucose, fructose and sucrose), and such specialized habitats may provide niche for nitrogen fixation and secretions of substances capable of promoting the growth of plants. The microbes associated with plant as rhizospheric, endophytic and epiphytic with plant growth promoting (PGP) attributes have emerged as an important and promising tool for sustainable agriculture. PGP microbes promote plant growth directly or indirectly, either by releasing plant growth regulators; solubilization of phosphorus, potassium and zinc; biological nitrogen fixation or by producing siderophore, ammonia, HCN and other secondary metabolites which are antagonistic against pathogenic microbes. The PGP microbes belong to different phylum of archaea (Euryarchaeota); bacteria (Acidobacteria, Actinobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Deinococcus-Thermus, Firmicutes and Proteobacteria) and fungi (Ascomycota and Basidiomycota), which include different genera namely Achromobacter, Arthrobacter, Aspergillus, Azospirillum, Azotobacter, Bacillus, Beijerinckia, Burkholderia, Enterobacter, Erwinia, Flavobacterium, Gluconoacetobacter, Haloarcula, Herbaspirillum, Methylobacterium, Paenibacillus, Pantoea, Penicillium, Piriformospora, Planomonospora, Pseudomonas, Rhizobium, Serratia and Streptomyces. These PGP microbes could be used as biofertilizers/bioinoculants at place of chemical fertilizers for sustainable agriculture. The aim of “Plant Microbiomes for Sustainable Agriculture” is to provide the current developments in the understanding of microbial diversity associated with plant systems in the form of rhizospheric, endophytic and epiphytic. The book is useful to scientist, research and students related to microbiology, biotechnology, agriculture, molecular biology, environmental biology and related subjects.

Plant Health Under Biotic Stress

Plant Health Under Biotic Stress
Volume 2: Microbial Interactions

by Rizwan Ali Ansari,Irshad Mahmood

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-05-08
  • Pages : 260
  • ISBN : 9811360405
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book illustrates the use of putative microbial agents which provide good protection to the plant from biotic pathogens attack. An up to date knowledge on plant-microbiome interaction strategies in terms of improved sustainability has been discussed. Information from experts across the globe on the application of microbes for providing amicable solution in sustainable agriculture has been gathered. In addition, information related to microbes mediated resistance levels leading to enhanced plant health has been well presented. The chapters have emphasised the use of Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR) and other potential biocontrol agents/antagonists in the management of plant diseases which provide extensive information to the readers. Literature on microbial root colonization, plant growth promotions, and also on the protection of plants from attack of various soil borne pathogens have been presented in a coherent way. Information on the application of potential strain of the bio-control fungi, endophytes, actinomycetes strengthening the plants ability which rescue the plant from pathogens attack leading to improved plant health has also been underpinned.

Probiotics and Plant Health

Probiotics and Plant Health
A Book

by Vivek Kumar,Manoj Kumar,Shivesh Sharma,Ram Prasad

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-06-30
  • Pages : 600
  • ISBN : 9811034737
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book primarily focuses on microbial colonization, its role in plant growth and nutrient cycling, mycorrhizae, and providing an overview of phytospheric microorganisms in sustainable crop systems. Despite the advances made in the study of plant-microbe synergism, the relation between microbes and plant health in the context of food security, soil nutrient management, human and plant health is still largely unexplored. Addressing that gap, the book presents reviews and original research articles that highlight the latest discoveries in plant probiotics, their specificity, diversity and function. Additional sections addressing nutrient management, human health, and plant microbiome management to improve plant productivity round out the coverage.

Phyto-Microbiome in Stress Regulation

Phyto-Microbiome in Stress Regulation
A Book

by Manoj Kumar,Vivek Kumar,Ram Prasad

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-03-16
  • Pages : 343
  • ISBN : 9811525765
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book addresses “phyto-microbiome mediated stress regulation”. Fundamentally speaking, the microbial community’s importance for the survival of plants under stress conditions has already been confirmed. This book focuses on the roles of those rhizospheric microbiomes that are advantageous to plant developmental pathways. Gathering contributions by authors with specialized expertise in plant growth and health under stress conditions, as well as opportunistic pathogenic bacteria, the book reviews the functional aspects of rhizospheric microorganisms and how they impact plant health and disease. It offers a compendium of plant and microbial interactions at the level of multitrophic interactions, and identifies gaps between future demand and present research on plant stress. In closing, the authors highlight several directions for reshaping rhizosphere microbiomes in favor of microorganisms that are beneficial to plant growth and health.

Phytobiomes: Current Insights and Future Vistas

Phytobiomes: Current Insights and Future Vistas
A Book

by Manoj Kumar Solanki,Prem Lal Kashyap,Baby Kumari

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-07-10
  • Pages : 403
  • ISBN : 981153151X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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To satisfy the food demands of the global population, advanced technology based research is needed, that can extract the information from the plant metabolism and microbial gene pool and use it for improving plant health and productivity. Modern biotechnological tools have the ability to unlock the limitations of agricultural practices. However, the application of these tools is not well equipped. Moreover, eco-friendly agriculture by microbial inoculants is known to have positive influences on soil/plant health. Therefore it is relevant to explore the plant associated microbial niches, especially endophytes, epiphytes, and soil microbes and understand how they are benefitting each other. It can open new insights to develop sustainable agriculture practices by using consortia of microbes as plant helpers that recover the imbalanced agriculture systems and manage pathogenic diseases. This book presents the updates about the plant associated microbiomes and their contemporary uses. It covers the knowledge gap between soil and plant helper microbiomes and their application in the agriculture and allied sectors. Modern insights of phytobiomes are explored in various chapters on a variety of interrelated aspects of the fascinating areas like plant microbial interaction, integrated pest management, soil fertility intensification, sustainable crop production, and disease management. Sections in the book describe how to plant beneficial microbiomes have been utilized for sustainable green farming, with the aim to resolve the global food problem without harming the soil and environment health. This book is intended for everyone who is involved in agriculture, microbial biotechnology, bioinformatics, and all disciplines related to microbial biotechnology. These include academic students, scientists, and researchers at universities, institutes, industries, and government organizations who want to understand microbial linkages in a shorter time. It contains basic information that will be help to the non-specialist readers to understand progressive research.

Functional Importance of the Plant Microbiome

Functional Importance of the Plant Microbiome
Implications for Agriculture, Forestry and Bioenergy

by Sharon Lafferty Doty

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-09-21
  • Pages : 111
  • ISBN : 3319658972
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book addresses all the major mechanisms by which endophytes are thought to impact plant growth and health. A unique aspect of this publication is that it is multidisciplinary, covering plant microbiology, plant physiology, fungal and bacterial endophytes, plant biochemistry, and genomics. Just as research on the mammalian microbiome has demonstrated its importance for overall health of the host, the plant microbiota is essential for plant health in natural environments. Endophytes, the microorganisms living fully within plants, can provide a multitude of benefits to the host including N-fixation, P solubilization, increased photosynthetic efficiency and water use efficiency, stress tolerance, pathogen resistance, and overall increased growth and health. A variety of culturable endophytes have been isolated and shown to be mutualistic symbionts with a broad range of plant species. These studies point to the functional importance of the microbiota of plants and suggest the potential for tailoring plant microbiota for improved vigor and yields with reduced inputs. This review covers the major benefits of microbial endophytes to plants and discusses the implications of using symbiosis as an alternative to chemical inputs for agriculture, forestry, and bioenergy.

Molecular Principles to Engineer Plant Microbiomes

Molecular Principles to Engineer Plant Microbiomes
A Book

by Mathias Johannes Eduard Edgard Ernst Voges

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2019
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The microbes that live in and on plants (the plant microbiome) are critical for plant health, and exert their influence by facilitating nutrient acquisition, regulating plant hormone levels, and helping to withstand pathogen attack. Due to these potential benefits, the plant microbiome has become an appealing target for engineering sustainable improvements in crop productivity. However, the lack of a mechanistic understanding for plant-microbiome interactions at the molecular level has impeded engineering efforts. In this dissertation, I address the role of plant-derived specialized molecules in shaping the composition of the root microbiome, and that of microbe-produced molecules in influencing plant health. Using broadly-applicable experimental platforms that allow for hypothesis-driven mechanistic studies, along with previously developed reverse genetic tools in the model plant Arabidopsis, I discovered a novel mechanism of action for coumarins (root-exuded, specialized small molecules) in assembling the microbiome of plant roots. Additionally, I describe a role for Pseudomanas-derived pyrroloquinoline quinone (a redox-active small molecule) in improving plant growth under iron-limiting conditions -- a nutrient deficiency prevalent in one-third of the world's soils. Finally, I highlight a serendipitous discovery made while engineering plants to modulate the root microbiome using opines -- unusual conjugates of two common plant metabolites that can be catabolized by select microbes. The microbes inciting the production of opines, Agrobacterium species, hijack the plant cell's splicing machinery as part of its pathogenic lifestyle. This novel finding could be exploited to improve transgene expression in plants, and to survey bacterial genomes for genes that are horizontally transferred across the kingdoms of life. These contributions, which provide mechanistic roles for both plant and microbe-derived small molecules within the phytobiome, offer concrete strategies for engineering phytobiomes to improve agricultural systems.

Probiotics in Agroecosystem

Probiotics in Agroecosystem
A Book

by Vivek Kumar,Manoj Kumar,Shivesh Sharma,Ram Prasad

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-09-26
  • Pages : 537
  • ISBN : 9811040591
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book focuses on food security in sustainable agriculture and nutrient management. The study of plant probiotic microbes’ synergism using existing techniques has greatly improved our grasp of the structure and functioning of the plant microbiome. However, the function of plant probiotic microbes and their relation to plants’ health in the context of food security, soil nutrient management, human and plant health are largely unexplored. Compared to human probiotics, diverse types and millions of microbiota inhabit plants, forming multifaceted and complicated ecological societies that stimulate plant growth and health through their combined metabolic activities. From the perspective of sustainable cropping systems, observing plant probiotics can provide insights on how to stimulate and maintain plant productivity, along with host stress tolerance and recycling of soil nutrients. This book combines reviews and original research articles to highlight the latest advances in plant probiotics, their specificity, diversity, function, as well as plant microbiome management to improve plant growth and productivity, nutrient management and human health.

Climate Change and the Microbiome

Climate Change and the Microbiome
Sustenance of the Ecosphere

by D. K. Choudhary,Arti Mishra,Ajit Varma

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2021-11-22
  • Pages : 750
  • ISBN : 9783030768621
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book highlights the impact of climate change on the soil microbiome and its subsequent effects on plant health, soil-plant dynamics, and the ecosphere. It also discusses emerging ideas to counteract these effects, e.g., through agricultural applications of functional microbes, to ensure a sustainable ecosystem. Climate change is altering the soil microbiome distributions and thus the interactions in microbiome and plant‐soil microorganism. Improvement of our understanding of microbe-microbe and plant-microbe interaction under changing climatic conditions is essential, because the overall impact of these interactions under varying adverse environmental conditions is lacking. This book has been designed to understand the impact of climate change, i.e., mainly salt and drought stress, on the soil microbiome and its impact on plant, yield, and the ecosphere. The book is organized into four parts: The first part reviews the impact of climate change on the diversity and richness of the soil microbiome. The second part addresses effects of climate change on plant health. The third part discusses effects on soil-plant dynamics and functionality, e.g., soil productivity. The final part deals with the effects of climate change on ecosystem functioning and also discusses potential solutions. The book will appeal to students and researchers working in the area of soil science, agriculture, molecular biology, plant physiology, and biotechnology.

Exploration of Soybean Nodule Microbiome for Plant Health Management

Exploration of Soybean Nodule Microbiome for Plant Health Management
A Book

by Serkan Tokgöz

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2018
  • Pages : 78
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Root nodule is a unique environment formed in the legume roots through a highly specific symbiotic relationship between leguminous plants and nodule inducing bacteria. Over the years, Rhizobia have been thought as the only group of bacteria residing within the nodules. However, this consideration has been recently changed with the discovery of other groups of bacteria besides Rhizobia within the legume nodules. In an effort to identify beneficial bacteria for plant disease control and growth promotion, soybean nodules were studied as the source of nodule-associated bacteria. Metagenomics analysis of a single soybean nodule was conducted to determine the bacterial diversity of nodule microbiome. Surface sterilized single soybean nodule was used to isolate nodule-associated bacterial species. Fifty colonies were isolated from each nodule. A total of 500 colonies were tested individually against Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis on solid media plates for inhibition of pathogen growth. From the initial screening, 54 colonies were selected based on significant growth inhibition of the pathogen. These colonies were further tested in vitro on two additional bacterial and two fungal pathogens on solid plates. In planta testing involved using 15 selected colonies from these 54 as inocula in tomato seedlings against Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis. Tomato plants were infected using a soil inoculation method. In addition, one isolate from the selected 54 was tested in tomato seedlings against a Green Fluorescent Protein (GFP)-tagged Pseudomonas syringae pv tomato (Pst) by using stem inoculation method for the infection of tomato plants. Bacterial metabolites were extracted from 15 colonies with ethanol and tested against two bacterial pathogens on solid plates. These 15 colonies were identified by using MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry and 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Results reveal that many soybean nodule associated bacteria strongly inhibit the growth of plant pathogens in in vitro assays. In addition, a number of nodule-associated bacteria exhibit plant protection against the bacterial pathogen Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis as well as the capability of plant growth promotion on tomato plants in in vivo assays. Pseudomonas spp. is the dominant bacterial group as nodule-associated bacteria within the soybean nodule. Isolation and identification of beneficial nodule-associated bacteria establish the foundation to study nodule-associated bacteria for their plant protection and growth promotion potential.

Fiber Fueled

Fiber Fueled
The Plant-Based Gut Health Program for Losing Weight, Restoring Your Health, and Optimizing Your Microbiome

by Will Bulsiewicz, MD

  • Publisher : Penguin
  • Release : 2020-05-12
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 0593084578
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The instant New York Times, USA Today, and Publisher's Weekly bestseller A bold new plant-based plan that challenges popular keto and paleo diets, from an award-winning gastroenterologist. The benefits of restrictive diets like paleo and keto have been touted for more than a decade, but as renowned gastroenterologist Dr. Will Bulsiewicz, or "Dr. B," illuminates in this groundbreaking book, the explosion of studies on the microbiome makes it abundantly clear that elimination diets are in fact hazardous to our health. What studies clearly now show--and what Dr. B preaches with his patients--is that gut health is the key to boosting our metabolism, balancing our hormones, and taming the inflammation that causes a host of diseases. And the scientifically proven way to fuel our guts is with dietary fiber from an abundant variety of colorful plants. Forget about the fiber your grandmother used to take--the cutting-edge science on fiber is incredibly exciting. As Dr. B explains, fiber energizes our gut microbes to create powerhouse postbiotics called short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) that are essential to our health. SCFAs are scientifically proven to promote weight loss, repair leaky gut, strengthen the microbiome, optimize the immune system, reduce food sensitivities, lower cholesterol, reverse type 2 diabetes, improve brain function, and even prevent cancer. Restrictive fad diets starve the gut of the critical fiber we need, weaken the microbes, and make our system vulnerable. As a former junk-food junkie, Dr. B knows firsthand the power of fiber to dramatically transform our health. The good news is that our guts can be trained. Fiber-rich, real foods--with fruits, vegetables, whole grains, seeds, nuts, and legumes--start working quickly and maintain your long-term health, promote weight loss, and allow you to thrive and feel great from the inside out. With a 28-day jumpstart program with menus and more than 65 recipes, along with essential advice on food sensitivities, Fiber Fueled offers the blueprint to start turbocharging your gut for lifelong health today.

Soil Microbiomes for Sustainable Agriculture

Soil Microbiomes for Sustainable Agriculture
Functional Annotation

by Ajar Nath Yadav

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2021-06-29
  • Pages : 634
  • ISBN : 9783030735067
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book encompasses current knowledge of soil microbiomes and their potential biotechnological application for plant growth, crop yield, and soil health under the natural as well as harsh environmental conditions for sustainable agriculture. The microbes are ubiquitous in nature. The soil is a natural hotspot of the soil microbiome. The soil microbiome plays a critical role in the maintenance of global nutrient balance and ecosystem functioning. The soil microbiomes are associated with plant ecosystems through the intense network of plant–microbe interactions. The microbes present in bulk soil move toward the rhizospheric region due to the release of different nutrients by plant systems. The rhizospheric microbes may survive or proliferate in rhizospheric zone depending on the extent of influences of the chemicals secreted into the soil by roots. The root exudates contain the principal nutrients factors (amino acids, glucose, fructose, and sucrose). The microbes present in rhizospheric region have capabilities to fix atmospheric nitrogen, produce different phytohormones, and solubilize phosphorus, potassium, and zinc. The plant systems take these nutrients for their growth and developments. These soil and plant associated microbes also play an important role in protection of plants from different plant pathogenic organisms by producing different secondary metabolites such as ammonia, hydrogen cyanide, siderophores, and hydrolytic enzymes. The soil microbiomes with plant growth-promoting (PGP) attributes have emerged as an important and promising tool for sustainable agriculture. The soil microbiomes promote the plant growth and enhance the crop yield and soil fertility via directly or indirectly different plant growth-promoting mechanism. The soil microbes help the plant for adaptation in extreme habitats by mitigating the abiotic stress of high/low temperatures, hypersalinity, drought, and acidic/alkaline soil. These PGP microbes are used as biofertilizers/bioinoculants to replace the harmful chemical fertilizers for sustainable agriculture and environments. The aim of the book “Soil Microbiomes for Sustainable Agriculture” is to provide the recent advances in mechanisms of plant growth promotion and applications of soil microbiomes for mitigation of different abiotic stresses in plants. The book is useful to scientists, researchers, and students related to microbiology, biotechnology, agriculture, molecular biology, environmental biology, and related subjects.

Advances in Plant Microbiome and Sustainable Agriculture

Advances in Plant Microbiome and Sustainable Agriculture
Diversity and Biotechnological Applications

by Ajar Nath Yadav,Ali Asghar Rastegari,Neelam Yadav,Divjot Kour

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-07-31
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN : 9811532087
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Microbes are ubiquitous in nature, and plant-microbe interactions are a key strategy for colonizing diverse habitats. The plant microbiome (epiphytic, endophytic and rhizospheric) plays an important role in plant growth and development and soil health. Further, rhizospheric soil is a valuable natural resource, hosting hotspots of microbes, and is vital in the maintenance of global nutrient balance and ecosystem function. The term endophytic microbes refers to those microorganisms that colonize the interior the plants. The phyllosphere is a common niche for synergism between microbes and plants and includes the leaf surface. The diverse group of microbes are key components of soil-plant systems, and where they are engaged in an extensive network of interactions in the rhizosphere/endophytic/phyllospheric they have emerged as an important and promising tool for sustainable agriculture. Plant microbiomes help to directly or indirectly promote plant growth using plant growth promoting attributes, and could potentially be used as biofertilizers/bioinoculants in place of chemical fertilizers. This book allows readers to gain an understanding of microbial diversity associated with plant systems and their role in plant growth, and soil health. Offering an overview of the state of the art in plant microbiomes and their potential biotechnological applications in agriculture and allied sectors, it is a valuable resource for scientists, researchers and students in the field of microbiology, biotechnology, agriculture, molecular biology, environmental biology and related subjects.

Current Trends in Microbial Biotechnology for Sustainable Agriculture

Current Trends in Microbial Biotechnology for Sustainable Agriculture
A Book

by Ajar Nath Yadav,Joginder Singh,Chhatarpal Singh,Neelam Yadav

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2021-01-10
  • Pages : 572
  • ISBN : 9789811569487
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Microbial biotechnology is an emerging field with applications in a broad range of sectors involving food security, human nutrition, plant protection and overall basic research in the agricultural sciences. The environment has been sustaining the burden of mankind from time immemorial, and our indiscriminate use of its resources has led to the degradation of the climate, loss of soil fertility, and the need for sustainable strategies. The major focus in the coming decades will be on achieving a green and clean environment by utilizing soil and plant-associated beneficial microbial communities. Plant-microbe interactions include the association of microbes with plant systems: epiphytic, endophytic and rhizospheric. The microbes associated with plant ecosystems play an important role in plant growth, development, and soil health. Moreover, soil and plant microbiomes help to promote plant growth, either directly or indirectly by means of plant growth-promoting mechanisms, e.g. the release of plant growth regulators; solubilization of phosphorus, potassium and zinc; biological nitrogen fixation; or by producing siderophores, ammonia, HCN and other secondary metabolites. These beneficial microbial communities represent a novel and promising solution for agro-environmental sustainability by providing biofertilizers, bioprotectants, and biostimulants, in addition to mitigating various types of abiotic stress in plants. This book focuses on plant-microbe interactions; the biodiversity of soil and plant microbiomes; and their role in plant growth and soil health. Accordingly, it will be immensely useful to readers working in the biological sciences, especially microbiologists, biochemists and microbial biotechnologists.

Role of Endophytes in Plant Health and Defense Against Pathogens

Role of Endophytes in Plant Health and Defense Against Pathogens
A Book

by Massimiliano Morelli,Ofir Bahar,Kalliope K. Papadopoulou,Donald L. Hopkins,Aleksa Obradović

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2020-10-29
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 2889660982
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Microbiome Interplay and Control

Microbiome Interplay and Control
A Book

by Christine Moissl-Eichinger,Gabriele Berg,Martin Grube

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2018-07-05
  • Pages : 421
  • ISBN : 288945505X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In complex systems, such as our body or a plant, the host is living together with thousands of microbes, which support the entire system in function and health. The stability of a microbiome is influenced by environmental changes, introduction of microbes and microbial communities, or other factors. As learned in the past, microbial diversity is the key and low-diverse microbiomes often mirror out-of-control situations or disease. It is now our task to understand the molecular principles behind the complex interaction of microbes in, on and around us in order to optimize and control the function of the microbial community – by changing the environment or the addition of the right microorganisms. This Research Topic focuses on studies (including e.g. original research, perspectives, mini reviews, and opinion papers) that investigate and discuss: 1) The role of the microbiome for the host/environmental system 2) The exchange and change of microbes and microbial communities (interplay) 3) The influence of external factors toward the stability of a microbiome 4) Methods, possibilities and approaches to change and control a system’s microbiome (e.g. in human or plant disease) 5) Experimental systems and approaches in microbiome research. The articles span the areas: human health and disease, animal and plant microbiomes, microbial interplay and control, methodology and the built environment microbiome.

Plant Phylogeny Affects the Structure and Function of the Rhizosphere Microbiome

Plant Phylogeny Affects the Structure and Function of the Rhizosphere Microbiome
A Book

by Mikayla Anne Van Bel

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2020
  • Pages : 63
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Abstract: The plant rhizosphere microbiome is essential for plant health and growth. One of the key roles the rhizosphere microbiome plays in plant health is nitrogen cycling. Indeed, while plants are unable to obtain nitrogen from the environment in its most common form (i.e., N2), a reduced group of microbes can cycle nitrogen through its various forms and provide usable forms to plants. Previous research has established that multiple factors influence the composition of the rhizosphere microbiome including plant species, soil properties, plant root exudates, and season. However, little research has been done to discriminate these factors in examining their effect on the microbiome.