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Microbiomes and Plant Health

Microbiomes and Plant Health
Panoply and Their Applications

by Manoj Kumar Solanki,Prem Lal Kashyap,Rizwan Ali Ansari,Baby Kumari

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-09-14
  • Pages : 518
  • ISBN : 0128226013
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Microbiomes and Plant Health: Panoply and Their Applications includes the most recent advances in phytobiome research. The book emphasizes the use of modern molecular tools such as smart delivery systems for microbiol inoculation, next-generation sequencing, and genome mapping. Chapters discuss a variety of applications and examples, including the sugarcane microbiome, rhizoengineering, nutrient recycling, sustainable agricultural practices and bio-potential of herbal medicinal plants. Written by a range of experts with real-world practical insights, this title is sure to be an essential read for plant and soil microbiologists, phytopathologists, agronomists, and researchers interested in sustainable forestry and agriculture practices. Offers readers a one-stop resource on the topic of plant and soil microbiome and their applications in plant disease, sustainable agriculture, soil health and medicinal plants Addresses the role of phytobiome to combat biotic and abiotic factors Emphasizes the use of modern molecular tools such as smart delivery systems for microbial inoculation, next-generation sequencing and genome mapping

Microbiome in Plant Health and Disease

Microbiome in Plant Health and Disease
Challenges and Opportunities

by Vivek Kumar,Ram Prasad,Manoj Kumar,Devendra K. Choudhary

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-08-10
  • Pages : 534
  • ISBN : 9811384959
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book discusses the complex interactions between plants and their associated microbial communities. It also elucidates the ways in which these microbiomes are connected with the plant system, and how they affect plant health. The different chapters describe how microbiomes affect plants with regard to immunity, disease conditions, stress management and productivity. In addition, the book describes how an ‘additional plant genome’ functions as a whole organ system of the host, and how it presents both challenges and opportunities for the plant system. Moreover, the book includes a dedicated section on using omics tools to understand these interactions, and on exploiting them to their full potential.

The plant microbiome and its importance for plant and human health

The plant microbiome and its importance for plant and human health

by Martin Grube,Michael Schloter,Kornelia Smalla,Gabriele Berg

  • Publisher : Frontiers E-books
  • Release : 2015-01-22
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 2889193780
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The study of plant-microbe associations by new techniques has significantly improved our understanding of the structure and specificity of the plant microbiome. Yet, microbiome function and the importance of the plant’s microbiome in the context of human and plant health are largely unexplored. Comparable with our human microbiome, millions of microbes inhabit plants, forming complex ecological communities that influence plant growth and health through its collective metabolic activities and host interactions. Viewing the microbiota from an ecological perspective can provide insight into how to promote plant health and stress tolerance of their hosts or how to adapt to a changing climate by targeting this microbial community. Moreover, the plant microbiome has a substantial impact on human health by influencing our gut microbiome by eating raw plants such as lettuce and herbs but also by influencing the microbiome of our environment through airflow. This research topic comprising reviews, original and opinion articles highlights the current knowledge regarding plant microbiomes, their specificity, diversity and function as well as all aspects studying the management of plant microbiomes to enhance plant growth, health quality and stress tolerance.

Probiotics and Plant Health

Probiotics and Plant Health
A Book

by Vivek Kumar,Manoj Kumar,Shivesh Sharma,Ram Prasad

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-06-30
  • Pages : 600
  • ISBN : 9811034737
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book primarily focuses on microbial colonization, its role in plant growth and nutrient cycling, mycorrhizae, and providing an overview of phytospheric microorganisms in sustainable crop systems. Despite the advances made in the study of plant-microbe synergism, the relation between microbes and plant health in the context of food security, soil nutrient management, human and plant health is still largely unexplored. Addressing that gap, the book presents reviews and original research articles that highlight the latest discoveries in plant probiotics, their specificity, diversity and function. Additional sections addressing nutrient management, human health, and plant microbiome management to improve plant productivity round out the coverage.

Advances in Plant Microbiome and Sustainable Agriculture

Advances in Plant Microbiome and Sustainable Agriculture
Diversity and Biotechnological Applications

by Ajar Nath Yadav,Ali Asghar Rastegari,Neelam Yadav,Divjot Kour

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-07-31
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN : 9811532087
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Microbes are ubiquitous in nature, and plant-microbe interactions are a key strategy for colonizing diverse habitats. The plant microbiome (epiphytic, endophytic and rhizospheric) plays an important role in plant growth and development and soil health. Further, rhizospheric soil is a valuable natural resource, hosting hotspots of microbes, and is vital in the maintenance of global nutrient balance and ecosystem function. The term endophytic microbes refers to those microorganisms that colonize the interior the plants. The phyllosphere is a common niche for synergism between microbes and plants and includes the leaf surface. The diverse group of microbes are key components of soil-plant systems, and where they are engaged in an extensive network of interactions in the rhizosphere/endophytic/phyllospheric they have emerged as an important and promising tool for sustainable agriculture. Plant microbiomes help to directly or indirectly promote plant growth using plant growth promoting attributes, and could potentially be used as biofertilizers/bioinoculants in place of chemical fertilizers. This book allows readers to gain an understanding of microbial diversity associated with plant systems and their role in plant growth, and soil health. Offering an overview of the state of the art in plant microbiomes and their potential biotechnological applications in agriculture and allied sectors, it is a valuable resource for scientists, researchers and students in the field of microbiology, biotechnology, agriculture, molecular biology, environmental biology and related subjects.

Effects of Plant-Microbiome Interactions on Phyto- and Bio-Remediation Capacity

Effects of Plant-Microbiome Interactions on Phyto- and Bio-Remediation Capacity
A Book

by Stefano Castiglione,Angela Cicatelli,Nuria Ferrol,Piotr Rozpadek

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2019-08-22
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 2889459322
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Bio- and Phyto-remediation have been seen in the past by scientists as two independent “green technologies”, employing separately either microorganisms (bacteria and/or fungi), or plants to reclaim polluted soil, water and air. However, in the last decade, the idea has emerged that microorganisms and plants can and have to work synergistically to obtain better results in terms of reclamation performances; hence these two technologies have to be considered the different sides of the same coin. Therefore a single term can be used to refer to both of these technologies: bio-remediation. The Research Topic articles, collected in this eBook, report the isolation and characterization of bacteria, fungi and endophytes with Plant Growth Promoting features. Moreover, some of these microorganisms have been added to plants to ameliorate their health status when grown in polluted soils and waters; or to realize and improve the water reclamation performance of Constructed Wetlands, a very interesting application of the bio-remediation process.

Phytobiomes: Current Insights and Future Vistas

Phytobiomes: Current Insights and Future Vistas
A Book

by Manoj Kumar Solanki,Prem Lal Kashyap,Baby Kumari

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-07-10
  • Pages : 403
  • ISBN : 981153151X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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To satisfy the food demands of the global population, advanced technology based research is needed, that can extract the information from the plant metabolism and microbial gene pool and use it for improving plant health and productivity. Modern biotechnological tools have the ability to unlock the limitations of agricultural practices. However, the application of these tools is not well equipped. Moreover, eco-friendly agriculture by microbial inoculants is known to have positive influences on soil/plant health. Therefore it is relevant to explore the plant associated microbial niches, especially endophytes, epiphytes, and soil microbes and understand how they are benefitting each other. It can open new insights to develop sustainable agriculture practices by using consortia of microbes as plant helpers that recover the imbalanced agriculture systems and manage pathogenic diseases. This book presents the updates about the plant associated microbiomes and their contemporary uses. It covers the knowledge gap between soil and plant helper microbiomes and their application in the agriculture and allied sectors. Modern insights of phytobiomes are explored in various chapters on a variety of interrelated aspects of the fascinating areas like plant microbial interaction, integrated pest management, soil fertility intensification, sustainable crop production, and disease management. Sections in the book describe how to plant beneficial microbiomes have been utilized for sustainable green farming, with the aim to resolve the global food problem without harming the soil and environment health. This book is intended for everyone who is involved in agriculture, microbial biotechnology, bioinformatics, and all disciplines related to microbial biotechnology. These include academic students, scientists, and researchers at universities, institutes, industries, and government organizations who want to understand microbial linkages in a shorter time. It contains basic information that will be help to the non-specialist readers to understand progressive research.

Plant Microbiome Paradigm

Plant Microbiome Paradigm
A Book

by Ajit Varma,Swati Tripathi,Ram Prasad

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-08-28
  • Pages : 307
  • ISBN : 303050395X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides a comprehensive overview of the current state of knowledge on plant-microbiome interactions and associations. It covers all major mechanistic approaches used to investigate microbes’ impacts on plant growth promotion, disease control and health. The industrial manufacture of nitrogen currently accounts for roughly 2% of the world’s total energy consumption. Microbial products are expected to reduce the need for costly fertilizers, as well as chemical pesticides and fungicides. While beneficial microorganisms are increasingly being used in agriculture, abiotic and biotic stresses such as heat, drought, cold, and salt can quickly kill or render them useless in the field. However, discovering new and better treatments is a lengthy process due to the considerable microbial diversity found in soils. Researchers have now proposed using biotechnological approaches to accelerate the process of microbial technology development. The fact that plant-associated microbes stimulate plant growth and development is well known, as the examples of rhizobia and mycorrhizal fungi show. The mechanisms by which these microorganisms maintain plant growth include the production of phytohormones, fixation of nitrogen, and the mobilization of phosphorus and minerals. The plant microbiome is also involved in pathogen suppression, and especially the root microbiome acts as a protective shield against soil-borne pathogens. A special feature of this book is its multidisciplinary approach, spanning from plant microbiology/biocontrol, fungal and bacterial endophytes, plant physiology, to biochemistry, proteomics and genomics. It is ideally suited for researchers and student of agri-biotechnology, soil biology and fungal biology.

Plant Microbiomes for Sustainable Agriculture

Plant Microbiomes for Sustainable Agriculture
A Book

by Ajar Nath Yadav,Joginder Singh,Ali Asghar Rastegari,Neelam Yadav

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-03-06
  • Pages : 482
  • ISBN : 3030384535
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book encompasses the current knowledge of plant microbiomes and their potential biotechnological application for plant growth, crop yield and soil health for sustainable agriculture. The plant microbiomes (rhizospheric, endophytic and epiphytic) play an important role in plant growth, development, and soil health. Plant and rhizospheric soil are a valuable natural resource harbouring hotspots of microbes, and it plays critical roles in the maintenance of global nutrient balance and ecosystem function. The diverse group of microbes is key components of soil–plant systems, where they are engaged in an intense network of interactions in the rhizosphere/endophytic/phyllospheric. The rhizospheric microbial diversity present in rhizospheric zones has a sufficient amount of nutrients release by plant root systems in form of root exudates for growth, development and activities of microbes. The endophytic microbes are referred to those microorganisms, which colonize in the interior of the plant parts, viz root, stem or seeds without causing any harmful effect on host plant. Endophytic microbes enter in host plants mainly through wounds, naturally occurring as a result of plant growth, or through root hairs and at epidermal conjunctions. Endophytes may be transmitted either vertically (directly from parent to offspring) or horizontally (among individuals). The phyllosphere is a common niche for synergism between microbes and plant. The leaf surface has been termed as phyllosphere and zone of leaves inhabited by microorganisms as phyllosphere. The plant part, especially leaves, is exposed to dust and air currents resulting in the establishments of typical flora on their surface aided by the cuticles, waxes and appendages, which help in the anchorage of microorganisms. The phyllospheric microbes may survive or proliferate on leaves depending on extent of influences of material in leaf diffuseness or exudates. The leaf diffuseness contains the principal nutrients factors (amino acids, glucose, fructose and sucrose), and such specialized habitats may provide niche for nitrogen fixation and secretions of substances capable of promoting the growth of plants. The microbes associated with plant as rhizospheric, endophytic and epiphytic with plant growth promoting (PGP) attributes have emerged as an important and promising tool for sustainable agriculture. PGP microbes promote plant growth directly or indirectly, either by releasing plant growth regulators; solubilization of phosphorus, potassium and zinc; biological nitrogen fixation or by producing siderophore, ammonia, HCN and other secondary metabolites which are antagonistic against pathogenic microbes. The PGP microbes belong to different phylum of archaea (Euryarchaeota); bacteria (Acidobacteria, Actinobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Deinococcus-Thermus, Firmicutes and Proteobacteria) and fungi (Ascomycota and Basidiomycota), which include different genera namely Achromobacter, Arthrobacter, Aspergillus, Azospirillum, Azotobacter, Bacillus, Beijerinckia, Burkholderia, Enterobacter, Erwinia, Flavobacterium, Gluconoacetobacter, Haloarcula, Herbaspirillum, Methylobacterium, Paenibacillus, Pantoea, Penicillium, Piriformospora, Planomonospora, Pseudomonas, Rhizobium, Serratia and Streptomyces. These PGP microbes could be used as biofertilizers/bioinoculants at place of chemical fertilizers for sustainable agriculture. The aim of “Plant Microbiomes for Sustainable Agriculture” is to provide the current developments in the understanding of microbial diversity associated with plant systems in the form of rhizospheric, endophytic and epiphytic. The book is useful to scientist, research and students related to microbiology, biotechnology, agriculture, molecular biology, environmental biology and related subjects.

Functional Importance of the Plant Microbiome

Functional Importance of the Plant Microbiome
Implications for Agriculture, Forestry and Bioenergy

by Sharon Lafferty Doty

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-09-21
  • Pages : 111
  • ISBN : 3319658972
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book addresses all the major mechanisms by which endophytes are thought to impact plant growth and health. A unique aspect of this publication is that it is multidisciplinary, covering plant microbiology, plant physiology, fungal and bacterial endophytes, plant biochemistry, and genomics. Just as research on the mammalian microbiome has demonstrated its importance for overall health of the host, the plant microbiota is essential for plant health in natural environments. Endophytes, the microorganisms living fully within plants, can provide a multitude of benefits to the host including N-fixation, P solubilization, increased photosynthetic efficiency and water use efficiency, stress tolerance, pathogen resistance, and overall increased growth and health. A variety of culturable endophytes have been isolated and shown to be mutualistic symbionts with a broad range of plant species. These studies point to the functional importance of the microbiota of plants and suggest the potential for tailoring plant microbiota for improved vigor and yields with reduced inputs. This review covers the major benefits of microbial endophytes to plants and discusses the implications of using symbiosis as an alternative to chemical inputs for agriculture, forestry, and bioenergy.

Current Trends in Microbial Biotechnology for Sustainable Agriculture

Current Trends in Microbial Biotechnology for Sustainable Agriculture
A Book

by Ajar Nath Yadav

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9811569495
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Plant Microbiome in Sustainable Agriculture

The Plant Microbiome in Sustainable Agriculture
A Book

by Alok Kumar Srivastava,Prem Lal Kashyap,Madhumita Srivastava

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2021-04-19
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 111950516X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Translational Microbiome for Sustainable Agriculture will invite global experts and distinguished investigators conducting phytomicrobiome research and develop a comprehensive reference book with up-to-date information regarding the microbiome studies and trends in the field of agricultural sustainability. It covers both terrestrial and crop associated microbiomes, unveiling biological, biotechnological and technical aspects of research. This book will be devoted to students and professionals interested in learning techniques for microbiome surveys, including culture-independent approaches, and to better understand the biology of microorganisms in nature and commercializing of microbiome derived new products, with major emphasis on sustainable agriculture under changing environment scenario. Using this information as a basis, a non-specialist reader should be able to understand more complex articles and to discuss selected topics with colleagues.

Phyto-Microbiome in Stress Regulation

Phyto-Microbiome in Stress Regulation
A Book

by Manoj Kumar,Vivek Kumar,Ram Prasad

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-03-16
  • Pages : 343
  • ISBN : 9811525765
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book addresses “phyto-microbiome mediated stress regulation”. Fundamentally speaking, the microbial community’s importance for the survival of plants under stress conditions has already been confirmed. This book focuses on the roles of those rhizospheric microbiomes that are advantageous to plant developmental pathways. Gathering contributions by authors with specialized expertise in plant growth and health under stress conditions, as well as opportunistic pathogenic bacteria, the book reviews the functional aspects of rhizospheric microorganisms and how they impact plant health and disease. It offers a compendium of plant and microbial interactions at the level of multitrophic interactions, and identifies gaps between future demand and present research on plant stress. In closing, the authors highlight several directions for reshaping rhizosphere microbiomes in favor of microorganisms that are beneficial to plant growth and health.

Plant Health Under Biotic Stress

Plant Health Under Biotic Stress
Volume 2: Microbial Interactions

by Rizwan Ali Ansari,Irshad Mahmood

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-05-08
  • Pages : 260
  • ISBN : 9811360405
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book illustrates the use of putative microbial agents which provide good protection to the plant from biotic pathogens attack. An up to date knowledge on plant-microbiome interaction strategies in terms of improved sustainability has been discussed. Information from experts across the globe on the application of microbes for providing amicable solution in sustainable agriculture has been gathered. In addition, information related to microbes mediated resistance levels leading to enhanced plant health has been well presented. The chapters have emphasised the use of Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR) and other potential biocontrol agents/antagonists in the management of plant diseases which provide extensive information to the readers. Literature on microbial root colonization, plant growth promotions, and also on the protection of plants from attack of various soil borne pathogens have been presented in a coherent way. Information on the application of potential strain of the bio-control fungi, endophytes, actinomycetes strengthening the plants ability which rescue the plant from pathogens attack leading to improved plant health has also been underpinned.

Engineering Microbiomes to Improve Plant and Animal Health

Engineering Microbiomes to Improve Plant and Animal Health
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2015
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Abstract Animal and plant microbiomes encompass diverse microbial communities that colonize every accessible host tissue. These microbiomes enhance host functions, contributing to host health and fitness. A novel approach to improve animal and plant fitness is to artificially select upon microbiomes, thus engineering evolved microbiomes with specific effects on host fitness. We call this engineering approach host-mediated microbiome selection, because this method selects upon microbial communities indirectly through the host and leverages host traits that evolved to influence microbiomes. In essence, host phenotypes are used as probes to gauge and manipulate those microbiome functions that impact host fitness. To facilitate research on host-mediated microbiome engineering, we explain and compare the principal methods to impose artificial selection on microbiomes; discuss advantages and potential challenges of each method; offer a skeptical appraisal of each method in light of these potential challenges; and outline experimental strategies to optimize microbiome engineering. Finally, we develop a predictive framework for microbiome engineering that organizes research around principles of artificial selection, quantitative genetics, and microbial community-ecology.

Plant Microbiome: Stress Response

Plant Microbiome: Stress Response
A Book

by Dilfuza Egamberdieva,Parvaiz Ahmad

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-02-06
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN : 9811055149
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents state-of-the-art research on the many facets of the plant microbiome, including diversity, ecology, physiology and genomics, as well as molecular mechanisms of plant-microbe interactions. Topics considered include the importance of microbial secondary metabolites in stimulating plant growth, induced systemic resistance, tolerance to abiotic stress, and biological control of plant pathogens. The respective contributions show how microbes help plants to cope with abiotic stresses, and represent significant progress toward understanding the complex regulatory networks critical to host-microbe interaction and plant adaptation in extreme environments. New insights into the mechanisms of microbial actions in inducing plant stress tolerance open new doors for improving the efficacy of microbial strategies, and could produce new ways of economically increasing crop yields without harming the environment. As such, this book offers an essential resource for students and researchers with an interest in plant-microbe interaction, as well as several possibilities for employing the plant microbiome in the enhancement of crop productivity under future climate change scenarios.

Microbiome Interplay and Control

Microbiome Interplay and Control
A Book

by Christine Moissl-Eichinger,Gabriele Berg,Martin Grube

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2018-07-05
  • Pages : 421
  • ISBN : 288945505X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In complex systems, such as our body or a plant, the host is living together with thousands of microbes, which support the entire system in function and health. The stability of a microbiome is influenced by environmental changes, introduction of microbes and microbial communities, or other factors. As learned in the past, microbial diversity is the key and low-diverse microbiomes often mirror out-of-control situations or disease. It is now our task to understand the molecular principles behind the complex interaction of microbes in, on and around us in order to optimize and control the function of the microbial community – by changing the environment or the addition of the right microorganisms. This Research Topic focuses on studies (including e.g. original research, perspectives, mini reviews, and opinion papers) that investigate and discuss: 1) The role of the microbiome for the host/environmental system 2) The exchange and change of microbes and microbial communities (interplay) 3) The influence of external factors toward the stability of a microbiome 4) Methods, possibilities and approaches to change and control a system’s microbiome (e.g. in human or plant disease) 5) Experimental systems and approaches in microbiome research. The articles span the areas: human health and disease, animal and plant microbiomes, microbial interplay and control, methodology and the built environment microbiome.

Proceedings of the Ist World Congress on the Use of Biostimulants in Agriculture

Proceedings of the Ist World Congress on the Use of Biostimulants in Agriculture
Strassbourg, France, November 26-29, 2012

by World Congress on the Use of Biostimulants in Agriculture

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2013
  • Pages : 250
  • ISBN : 9789066056862
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Microbiomes of Soils, Plants and Animals

Microbiomes of Soils, Plants and Animals
An Integrated Approach

by Rachael E. Antwis,Xavier A. Harrison,Michael J. Cox

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2020-03-12
  • Pages : 248
  • ISBN : 1108473717
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A comparative, holistic synthesis of microbiome research, spanning soil, plant, animal and human hosts.

Rhizosphere Microbes

Rhizosphere Microbes
Soil and Plant Functions

by Sushil Kumar Sharma,Udai B. Singh,Pramod Kumar Sahu,Harsh Vardhan Singh,Pawan Kumar Sharma

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021-01-20
  • Pages : 682
  • ISBN : 9811591547
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Plants create a dynamic micro-biosphere in the soil, around the roots, called as ‘rhizosphere’, which harbors diverse number of microorganisms for sustaining their growth and development. A soil with diverse and multi-traits microbial communities is considered healthy to enhance crop productivity. In the last decades, rhizosphere biology has gained attention due to unraveling of new mechanisms, processes and molecules in the rhizosphere that contributes towards the promotion of plant productivity. The rhizospheric microbes and associated processes are being utilized for harnessing potential of soils in effective and sustainable functioning in the agro-ecosystems. Broadly, the book discusses rhizospheric microbes and their role in modulating functions of soil and crop plant. Specifically, it highlights conventional and modern aspects of rhizosphere microbes such as – microbiome in the rhizosphere, microbes as an indicator and promoter of soil health, rhizosphere microbes as biofertilizer, biostimulator and biofortifyer, microbial signaling in the rhizosphere, recent tools in deciphering rhizobiome, and regulatory mechanisms for commercialization of biofertilizer, biopesticide and biostimulator. The book is useful for agriculture scientist, biotechnologist, plant pathologist, mycologist, and microbiologist, farming community, scientist of R&D organization, as well as teaching community, researcher and student and policy maker.