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Gut Microbiota

Gut Microbiota
Brain Axis

by Alper Evrensel,Barış Önen Ünsalver

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2018-12-12
  • Pages : 114
  • ISBN : 1789848148
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The gut-brain axis has gained considerable attention from different branches of the scientific community in recent years. In this book, scientists from different disciplines present current scientific knowledge on the topic. The interaction between the prokaryote and eukaryote cells stimulates the evolutionary processes, and results in various systemic illnesses such as neuropsychiatric disorders and may help the continuity of health. Nature has provided us with healthy food that builds our pharmacy. This natural pharmacy store may help the body's healing processes through its effects on gut microbiota and the immune system. This book aims to provide the reader with detailed analyses of the current scientific knowledge on the gut-brain axis and its relation with health and disease. We hope that the reader benefits from the presented material.

Microbiota-Brain Axis

Microbiota-Brain Axis
A Neuroscience Primer

by Jane A. Foster,Rochellys Diaz Heijtz

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-09-01
  • Pages : 496
  • ISBN : 0128148012
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Microbiota-Brain Axis: A Neuroscience Primer provides neuroscience researchers with a comprehensive guide on how to conduct effective microbiota-brain research, understand the appropriate methodologies, and collect and analyze microbiota data. The book begins with an introduction to the importance of the microbiota-brain communication in development and how microbiota impact neurodevelopmental disorders, mental health and neurodegeneration. In addition, the book discusses advances in microbiota analysis tools and techniques for neuroscience related research. Reviews the many approaches to manipulating the microbiota in animal studies - including the use of germ-free animals, antibiotics and diet - and covers the strengths and limitations of each Outlines available microbiota research tools, such as 16S sequencing and shot-gun metagenomics Provides a comprehensive guide to analyzing microbiota-related data and the many choices for bioinformatics

Microbial Endocrinology: The Microbiota-Gut-Brain Axis in Health and Disease

Microbial Endocrinology: The Microbiota-Gut-Brain Axis in Health and Disease
A Book

by Mark Lyte,John F. Cryan

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2014-07-05
  • Pages : 436
  • ISBN : 1493908979
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The field of microbial endocrinology is expressly devoted to understanding the mechanisms by which the microbiota (bacteria within the microbiome) interact with the host (“us”). This interaction is a two-way street and the driving force that governs these interactions are the neuroendocrine products of both the host and the microbiota. Chapters include neuroendocrine hormone-induced changes in gene expression and microbial endocrinology and probiotics. This is the first in a series of books dedicated to understanding how bi-directional communication between host and bacteria represents the cutting edge of translational medical research, and hopefully identifies new ways to understand the mechanisms that determine health and disease.​

Microbiome-gut-brain axis

Microbiome-gut-brain axis
Implications on health

by R.Z. Sayyed,Mahejibin Khan

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2021-07-31
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9789811616259
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book highlights the importance of prebiotics, probiotics and synbiotics in the signalling mechanism between gut microbiota and brain, also referred to as the gut-brain axis. A stable gut microbiota is essential for normal gut physiology and overall health, since it assists in proper signalling along the brain–gut axis. The book describes how the cross talks between gut microbiota and brain, not only regulate gastro-intestinal functions but also ensure proper functioning of cognitive behaviour and immunological functions. The various chapters describe probiotic microorganisms that colonize gastrointestinal tract and provide an array of health benefits to the host. It further elaborates about certain non-digestible oligosaccharides (prebiotics) are easily fermented by specialist microbes in the gut, to produce health-promoting metabolites and inhibit the growth of pathogenic bacteria. This book is useful for students, researchers and scientists in the field of microbiology, food science and nutrition. It is also meant for industry experts involved in developing nutraceuticals.

The Gut-Brain Axis

The Gut-Brain Axis
Dietary, Probiotic, and Prebiotic Interventions on the Microbiota

by Niall Hyland,Catherine Stanton

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2016-05-13
  • Pages : 508
  • ISBN : 0128025441
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Gut-Brain Axis: Dietary, Probiotic, and Prebiotic Interventions on the Microbiota examines the potential for microbial manipulation as a therapeutic avenue in central nervous system disorders in which an altered microbiota has been implicated, and explores the mechanisms, sometimes common, by which the microbiota may contribute to such disorders. Focuses on specific areas in which the microbiota has been implicated in gut-brain communication Examines common mechanisms and pathways by which the microbiota may influence brain and behavior Identifies novel therapeutic strategies targeted toward the microbiota in the management of brain activity and behavior

Gut Microbiota, Its Modifications and the Gut-brain Axis

Gut Microbiota, Its Modifications and the Gut-brain Axis
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Possible Role of the Microbiota-gut-brain-axis in Autism Spectrum Disorder

The Possible Role of the Microbiota-gut-brain-axis in Autism Spectrum Disorder
A Book

by Piranavie Srikantha

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2019
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The microbiome: Interactions with organ systems, diet, and genetics, An Issue of Gastroenterology Clinics of North America, Ebook

The microbiome: Interactions with organ systems, diet, and genetics, An Issue of Gastroenterology Clinics of North America, Ebook
A Book

by Rochellys Diaz Heijtz

  • Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
  • Release : 2019-08-09
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 0323679013
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In consultation with Consulting Editor, Dr. Alan Buchman, Dr. Rocheyllys Diaz Heijtz has put together a state-of the-art issue of the Gastroenterology Clinics of North America devoted to The Microbiome: Interactions with Organ Systems, Diet, and Genetics. Clinical review articles from expert authors are specifically devoted to the following: The Role of the Microbiome of o the Female Reproductive Tract on Health and Pregnancy; Eating Disorders and the Gut Microbiota; Maturation of the Infant Microbiome Community Structure and Function; Microbe-Host Interactions in Allergic Diseases; Emerging Role of the Gut Microbiota in Neurodevelopmental Disorders; Brain-Gut-Microbiota Axis and Mood Disorders; Brain-Gut-Microbiota and ADHD; The Microbiota-Gut-Brain Axis and Postpartum Depression; and The Microbiota and Pancreatic Cancer. Readers will come away with the latest information on the microbiome and how to incorporate the information into gut health for patients.

Nod1/Nod2 Receptors Modulate the Microbiota-Gut-Brain Axis

Nod1/Nod2 Receptors Modulate the Microbiota-Gut-Brain Axis
A Book

by Melinda A. Schneider

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2015
  • Pages : 59
  • ISBN : 9781321910902
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The association between intestinal diseases, mood disorders and cognitive deficits is increasingly recognized. Previous studies from our lab suggest that chronic intestinal diseases, such as infection with an enteric pathogen, in combination with an acute psychological stressor (water avoidance stress [WAS]), can induce anxiety-like behavior and memory defects in mice. In our current study, we hypothesized that nucleotide binding oligomerization domain (Nod) receptors, as important modulators of homeostasis between the host immune system and the gut microbiota, are integral regulators of the microbiota-gut-brain (MGB) axis. Using Nod1/Nod2 double knockout (NodDKO) mice, we performed behavioral testing, qPCR analysis of stool bacterial DNA, and serum corticosterone analysis. Compared to wild type (WT) controls (C57BL/6), NodDKO mice displayed anxiety-like behaviors (light/dark box test, p

A Psychology of the Human Brain–gut–microbiome Axis

A Psychology of the Human Brain–gut–microbiome Axis
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2017
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Abstract: In recent years, we have seen increasing research within neuroscience and biopsychology on the interactions between the brain, the gastrointestinal tract, the bacteria within the gastrointestinal tract, and the bidirectional relationship between these systems: the brain–gut–microbiome axis. Although research has demonstrated that the gut microbiota can impact upon cognition and a variety of stress‐related behaviours, including those relevant to anxiety and depression, we still do not know how this occurs. A deeper understanding of how psychological development as well as social and cultural factors impact upon the brain–gut–microbiome axis will contextualise the role of the axis in humans and inform psychological interventions that improve health within the brain–gut–microbiome axis. Interventions ostensibly aimed at ameliorating disorders in one part of the brain–gut–microbiome axis (e.g., psychotherapy for depression) may nonetheless impact upon other parts of the axis (e.g., microbiome composition and function), and functional gastrointestinal disorders such as irritable bowel syndrome represent a disorder of the axis, rather than an isolated problem either of psychology or of gastrointestinal function. The discipline of psychology needs to be cognisant of these interactions and can help to inform the future research agenda in this emerging field of research. In this review, we outline the role psychology has to play in understanding the brain–gut–microbiome axis, with a focus on human psychology and the use of research in laboratory animals to model human psychology.

The Complex Interplay Between Gut-Brain, Gut-Liver, and Liver-Brain Axes

The Complex Interplay Between Gut-Brain, Gut-Liver, and Liver-Brain Axes
A Book

by Cristina Stasi

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2021-04-06
  • Pages : 264
  • ISBN : 0128219289
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Complex Interplay Between Gut–Brain, Gut–Liver, and Liver–Brain Axes provides current and wide-ranging information in the field of gastrointestinal, liver, and brain interactions that can be used in resolving important clinical issues. This book is systematically split into three distinct sections. The first section introduces the pathophysiology of the gut–brain connection, including the causative effect of the interactions between the gut and brain in gastrointestinal and psychiatric/neurological disorders, and the role of serotonin and its pathways in gastrointestinal disorders. The second section examines the pathophysiology of the gut–liver connection along with the interactions between gut microbiota and liver in chronic liver diseases, with special focus on the role of serotonin and its pathways in hepatic fibrogenesis. Finally, the third section describes the pathophysiology of the liver–brain connection, including the role of gut microbiota in hepatic encephalopathy, as well as dietary and therapeutic interventions that target the gut microbiome. Provides current and wide-ranging knowledge in the field of gastrointestinal, liver, and brain interactions. Resolves important clinical issues concerning gut, liver, and brain interactions. Demonstrates advances in the understanding of the pathophysiology of gastrointestinal and liver diseases.

The Microbiome

The Microbiome
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-11-08
  • Pages : 194
  • ISBN : 0128207973
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Microbiome, Volume 176, assembles known facts and provides guidance for their implementation on topics relating to associations between the gut microbiome and personality traits, depression, anxiety, autism, schizophrenia, cognition, dementia and neurodegeneration. Additionally, this volume considers the influence of the maternal microbiome on brain development, with chapters covering Intervention, prevention, and the brain: prebiotics, probiotics, and fecal transplants, The microbiota-gut-brain axis: focus on the fundamental communication pathways, and Microbiome composition and locations. Provides a comprehensive review of the bidirectional interactions between gut microbes and the brain Includes data across the lifespan Focuses on microbiome related therapies with broad appeal within, and beyond, the medical and scientific community

The Microbiome in Prenatal and Neonatal Life

The Microbiome in Prenatal and Neonatal Life
A Book

by Josef Neu

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2021-01-18
  • Pages : 160
  • ISBN : 0128206098
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Microbiome in Prenatal and Neonatal Life clarifies that the microbiome in the maternal fetal unit and immediate changes that occur as new microbes are acquired postnatally play major roles in subsequent health and disease. Rapidly developing technologies for multi-omic analyses and systems biology are shifting paradigms in both scientific knowledge and clinical care with regard to this topic. In essence, we are changing the idea that newborns emerge from sterile environments. As such, in-utero colonization may have impacts on the development of immunity and metabolism that, with epigenetic modifications, will lead to diseases in later life. In addition, the microbial profile that develops during and after birth depends on mode of delivery, type of feeding (human milk versus formula), and various other environmental factors to which the newborn is exposed. Discusses the critical nonredundant timeframe in a newborn's life during which many factors drive immune and tissue maturation and influence the susceptibility to immune-mediated and other diseases in adult life Proves that the fetus and uterine membranes are exposed to not only microbes in close proximity but also to microbial products from metabolism of microbes in the mother Shows that since early life periods are a critical window for development, epigenetic and/or immunologic alterations may occur that can affect not only the infant during his/her lifetime but also subsequent generations Gives insight into factors that may affect the newborn microbiome and subsequent development

The Human Microbiota in Health and Disease

The Human Microbiota in Health and Disease
An Ecological and Community-based Approach

by Mike Wilson

  • Publisher : Garland Science
  • Release : 2018-09-03
  • Pages : 472
  • ISBN : 1351068350
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A human being consists of a mammalian component and a multiplicity of microbes, collectively referred to as the "microbiota" or "microbiome," with which it has a symbiotic relationship. The microbiota is comprised of a variety of communities, the composition of each being dependent on the body site it inhabits. This community variation arises because the numerous locations on a human being provide very different environments, each of which favors the establishment of a distinct microbial community. Each community consists of bacteria, fungi and viruses with, in some cases, archaea and/or protozoa. It is increasingly being recognized that the indigenous microbiota plays an important role in maintaining the health of its human host. However, changes in the overall composition of a microbial community at a body site, or an increase in the proportion of a particular species in that community, can result in disease or other adverse consequences for the host. The Human Microbiota in Health and Disease: An Ecological and Community-Based Approach describes the nature of the various communities inhabiting humans as well as the important roles they play in human health and disease. It discusses techniques used to determine microbial community composition and features a chapter devoted to the many factors that underlie this mammalian–microbe symbiosis. Uniquely, the book adopts an ecological approach to examining the microbial community’s composition at a particular body site and why certain factors can shift a community from a eubiotic to a dysbiotic state. The book is for undergraduates and postgraduates on courses with a module on the indigenous microbiota of humans. It will also be useful to scientists, clinicians, and others seeking information on the human microbiota and its role in health and disease.

The Interplay of Microbiome and Immune Response in Health and Diseases

The Interplay of Microbiome and Immune Response in Health and Diseases
A Book

by Gwendolyn Barcel´o-Coblijn,Amedeo Amedei

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2019-11-06
  • Pages : 206
  • ISBN : 3039216465
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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[Increasing evidence suggests that microbiota and especially the gut microbiota (the microbes inhabiting the gut including bacteria, archaea, viruses, and fungi) plays a key role in human physiology and pathology. Recent findings indicate how dysbiosis—an imbalance in the composition and organization of microbial populations—could severely impact the development of different medical conditions (from metabolic to mood disorders), providing new insights into the comprehension of diverse diseases, such as IBD, obesity, asthma, autism, stroke, diabetes, and cancer. Given that microbial cells in the gut outnumber host cells, microbiota influences human physiology both functionally and structurally. Microbial metabolites bridge various—even distant—areas of the organism by way of the immune and hormone system. For instance, it is now clear that the mutual interaction between the gastrointestinal tract and the brain (gut–brain axis), often involves gut microbiota, indicating that the crosstalk between the organism and its microbial residents represents a fundamental aspect of both the establishment and maintenance of healthy conditions. Moreover, it is crucial to recognize that beyond the intestinal tract, microbiota populates other host organs and tissues (e.g., skin and oral mucosa). We have edited this eBook with the aim of publishing manuscripts focusing on the impact of microbiota in the development of different diseases and their associated treatments.]

The Gut Microbiome, An Issue of Gastroenterology Clinics of North America, E-Book

The Gut Microbiome, An Issue of Gastroenterology Clinics of North America, E-Book
A Book

by Eamonn M.M. Quigley

  • Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
  • Release : 2017-02-09
  • Pages : 246
  • ISBN : 0323509975
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Dr. Quigley has created a must-have reference on the gut microbiome for the practicing gastroenterologist. A leader in the field of human physiology and digestive disorders, he has laid out the basics on this increasingly important topic, devoting articles to the organization and biology of the human gut microbiome as well as its diagnostic potential. Top international authors have presented articles that discuss the intersection of the gut microbiome and diet and the gut-brain axis. Clinical implications of the gut microbiome are discussed with disease states like IBD, GI cancer, and liver diseases. Finally, the issue ends with the cutting-edge clinical innovation of fecal microbial transplantation. This issue bridges the gap between science and clinical practice and should be an important reference to practicing gastroenterologists.

The Microbiome: Interactions with Organ Systems, Diet, and Genetics, an Issue of Gastroenterology Clinics of North America

The Microbiome: Interactions with Organ Systems, Diet, and Genetics, an Issue of Gastroenterology Clinics of North America
A Book

by Rochellys Diaz Heijtz

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-09-28
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9780323679008
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In consultation with Consulting Editor, Dr. Alan Buchman, Dr. Rocheyllys Diaz Heijtz has put together a state-of the-art issue of the Gastroenterology Clinics of North America devoted to The Microbiome: Interactions with Organ Systems, Diet, and Genetics. Clinical review articles from expert authors are specifically devoted to the following: The Role of the Microbiome of o the Female Reproductive Tract on Health and Pregnancy; Eating Disorders and the Gut Microbiota; Maturation of the Infant Microbiome Community Structure and Function; Microbe-Host Interactions in Allergic Diseases; Emerging Role of the Gut Microbiota in Neurodevelopmental Disorders; Brain-Gut-Microbiota Axis and Mood Disorders; Brain-Gut-Microbiota and ADHD; The Microbiota-Gut-Brain Axis and Postpartum Depression; and The Microbiota and Pancreatic Cancer. Readers will come away with the latest information on the microbiome and how to incorporate the information into gut health for patients.

Microbial Endocrinology: Interkingdom Signaling in Infectious Disease and Health

Microbial Endocrinology: Interkingdom Signaling in Infectious Disease and Health
A Book

by Mark Lyte

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-11-20
  • Pages : 374
  • ISBN : 3319202154
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This new edition highlights the numerous advances made in the field of microbial endocrinology over the last five years. Prominent among these new topics featured is the emergence of the microbiota-gut-brain axis and the role it plays in brain function. Specific focus is given to the role of microbial endocrinology in the evolutionary symbiosis between man and microbe as it relates to both health and disease. With new chapters on the microbiome and its relation to neurochemicals, this new edition brings this important volume up to date.

The Belly Brain Solution

The Belly Brain Solution
Gut-Brain Axis Connection to Health

by Tammy Tucker

  • Publisher : Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
  • Release : 2018-04-16
  • Pages : 90
  • ISBN : 9781717107480
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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WHO THIS BOOK IS FOR: If you have ever struggled with... Issues with your "Belly" or "Brain" - Gas or bloating in the belly - Indigestion or heartburn - Nausea - Irritable bowel issues (constipation or diarrhea) - Depression - Fatigue - Anxiety - Mood changes - Headaches - Inflammation or pain, achiness in joints or tissues - Fibromyalgia - Sleep problems - Attention or focus issues - Hormone imbalances - Memory Loss - Autoimmune Disease (thyroid, arthritis, diabetes, psoriasis) Although far from exhaustive, below are some of the symptoms of digestive problems: - Flatulence/ wind - Diarrhea - Constipation - Stomach pain - Environmental Allergies/hay-fever - Itchiness - Dizziness - Weight loss/ gain - Nervousness - Brain fog - Skin problems such as rashes, eczema, and psoriasis - Pins and needles/Neuropathy - Brittle nails - Recurrent urinary tract infections - Hair Loss It is becoming increasingly evident that bidirectional signaling exists between the gastrointestinal tract and the brain, often involving the gut microbiota. This emerging area of research is evolving quickly. Learn how to take back your health on your journey to perfect health.

The Microbiome and Childhood Diseases: Focus on Brain‐gut Axis

The Microbiome and Childhood Diseases: Focus on Brain‐gut Axis
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2015
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Abstract : Many childhood diseases such as autism spectrum disorders, allergic disease, and obesity are on the increase. Although environmental factors are thought to play a role in this increase. The mechanisms at play are unclear but increasing evidence points to an interaction with the gastrointestinal microbiota as being potentially important. Recently this community of bacteria and perturbation of its colonization in early life has been linked to a number of diseases. Many factors are capable of influencing this colonization and ultimately leading to an altered gut microbiota which is known to affect key systems within the body. The impact of the microbial composition of our gastrointestinal tract on systems outside the gut is also becoming apparent. Here we highlight the factors that are capable of impacting on microbiota colonization in early‐life and the developing systems that are affected and finally how this may be involved in the manifestation of childhood diseases. Birth Defects Research (Part C) 105:296–313, 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.