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Microgrid Protection and Control

Microgrid Protection and Control
A Book

by Dehua Zheng,Wei Zhang,Solomon Netsanet,Ping Wang,Girmaw Teshager Bitew,Dan Wei,Jun Yue

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2021-07-01
  • Pages : 350
  • ISBN : 0128211962
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Microgrid Protection and Control is the result of numerous research works and publications by R&D engineers and scientists of the Microgrid and Energy Internet Research Centre. Through the authors long-routed experience in the microgrid and energy internet industry, this book looks at the sophisticated protection and control issues connected to the special nature of microgrid. The book explains the different ways of classifying types of microgrids and common misconceptions, looking at industrial and research trends along with the different technical issues and challenges faced with deploying microgrid in various settings. Forecasting short-term demand and renewable generation for optimal operation is covered with techniques for accurate enhancement supported with practical application examples. With chapters on dynamic, transient and tertiary control and experimental and simulation tests this reference is useful for all those working in the research, engineering and application of microgrids and power distribution systems. Contains practical examples to support the research and experimental results on microgrid protection and control Includes detailed theories and referential algorithms Provides innovative solutions to technical issues in protection and control of microgrids

Microgrid Architectures, Control and Protection Methods

Microgrid Architectures, Control and Protection Methods
A Book

by Naser Mahdavi Tabatabaei,Ersan Kabalci,Nicu Bizon

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-08-01
  • Pages : 781
  • ISBN : 3030237230
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents intuitive explanations of the principles of microgrids, including their structure and operation and their applications. It also discusses the latest research on microgrid control and protection technologies and the essentials of microgrids as well as enhanced communication systems. The book provides solutions to microgrid operation and planning issues using various methodologies including planning and modelling; AC and DC hybrid microgrids; energy storage systems in microgrids; and optimal microgrid operational planning. Written by specialists, it is filled in innovative solutions and research related to microgrid operation, making it a valuable resource for those interested in developing updated approaches in electric power analysis, design and operational strategies. Thanks to its in-depth explanations and clear, three-part structure, it is useful for electrical engineering students, researchers and technicians.

Microgrids

Microgrids
Advances in Operation, Control, and Protection

by Amjad Anvari-Moghaddam,Hamdi Abdi,Behnam Mohammadi-Ivatloo,Nikos Hatziargyriou

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021-04-16
  • Pages : 643
  • ISBN : 3030597504
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides a comprehensive overview on the latest developments in the control, operation, and protection of microgrids. It provides readers with a solid approach to analyzing and understanding the salient features of modern control and operation management techniques applied to these systems, and presents practical methods with examples and case studies from actual and modeled microgrids. The book also discusses emerging concepts, key drivers and new players in microgrids, and local energy markets while addressing various aspects from day-ahead scheduling to real-time testing of microgrids. The book will be a valuable resource for researchers who are focused on control concepts, AC, DC, and AC/DC microgrids, as well as those working in the related areas of energy engineering, operations research and its applications to energy systems. Presents modern operation, control and protection techniques with applications to real world and emulated microgrids; Discusses emerging concepts, key drivers and new players in microgrids and local energy markets; Addresses various aspects from day-ahead scheduling to real-time testing of microgrids.

Microgrid: Operation, Control, Monitoring and Protection

Microgrid: Operation, Control, Monitoring and Protection
A Book

by Papia Ray

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9811517819
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Design of a DC Microgrid Protection System Using a Central Control Unit

Design of a DC Microgrid Protection System Using a Central Control Unit
A Book

by Grace Simelin Madingou Kissidi

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2014
  • Pages : 44
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The use of distributed resources in the electric power system at the distribution level has opened new possibilities; among others, the overwhelming use of the DC microgrid in rural areas, electric vehicles, and ships. Most challenges associated with the DC microgrid in the protection system are related to ground fault. While low impedance ground fault can be detected through a high current surge, high impedance ground fault remains difficult due to a small current fault and a small reduction of the DC link voltage. The purpose of this project is to design a DC microgrid protection system capable of detecting and isolating ground faults impedance, both for a ring and radial bus configuration. To accomplish this goal, a new method has been developed for a DC ring bus while artificial neural network has been used for a DC radial bus configuration. Throughout the length of this document, their algorithms and performance will be discussed.

Microgrids

Microgrids
Architectures and Control

by Nikos Hatziargyriou

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2014-03-03
  • Pages : 340
  • ISBN : 1118720687
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Microgrids are the most innovative area in the electric power industry today. Future microgrids could exist as energy-balanced cells within existing power distribution grids or stand-alone power networks within small communities. A definitive presentation on all aspects of microgrids, this text examines the operation of microgrids – their control concepts and advanced architectures including multi-microgrids. It takes a logical approach to overview the purpose and the technical aspects of microgrids, discussing the social, economic and environmental benefits to power system operation. The book also presents microgrid design and control issues, including protection and explaining how to implement centralized and decentralized control strategies. Key features: original, state-of-the-art research material written by internationally respected contributors unique case studies demonstrating success stories from real-world pilot sites from Europe, the Americas, Japan and China examines market and regulatory settings for microgrids, and provides evaluation results under standard test conditions a look to the future – technical solutions to maximize the value of distributed energy along with the principles and criteria for developing commercial and regulatory frameworks for microgrids Offering broad yet balanced coverage, this volume is an entry point to this very topical area of power delivery for electric power engineers familiar with medium and low voltage distribution systems, utility operators in microgrids, power systems researchers and academics. It is also a useful reference for system planners and operators, manufacturers and network operators, government regulators, and postgraduate power systems students. CONTRIBUTORS Thomas Degner Aris Dimeas Alfred Engler Nuno Gil Asier Gil de Muro Guillermo Jiménez-Estévez George Kariniotakis George Korres André Madureira Meiqin Mao Chris Marnay Jose Miguel Yarza Satoshi Morozumi Alexander Oudalov Frank van Overbeeke Rodrigo Palma Behnke Joao Abel Pecas Lopes Fernanda Resende John Romankiewicz Christine Schwaegerl Nikos Soultanis Liang Tao Antonis Tsikalakis

Protection and Automation of Microgrids for Flexible Distribution of Energy and Storage Resources

Protection and Automation of Microgrids for Flexible Distribution of Energy and Storage Resources
A Book

by Mohammed A. Haj-ahmed

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2015
  • Pages : 127
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The increased penetration of distributed generation (DG) in distribution networks has a direct impact on the network reliability, protection, and stability. Traditional protection strategies require extensive investigation as more DGs get introduced into the network. Inverter-based DGs are of particular concern in microgrid protection and automation since their controllers play a principal role in the DG behavior. Controllers of the inverter-based DGs regulate their output voltage, while some commercial inverter-based DG types use internal control loops to regulate the output current. Those commercial controllers may switch their control mode from current control mode to voltage control mode or vice versa. Switching from one mode to another will directly affect the fault characteristics of the generator and require major modifications on the protection scheme. Coordination between the controller's functions and the protection strategy is done adaptively as the control mode changes. On the other hand, Flexible Distribution of EneRgy and Storage devices (FDERS), which is a newly proposed framework aims to increase microgrid controllability and robustness, adjust the interconnection impedance between a distributed generator and a load by changing the controller reference voltage. This adjustment causes protection problems that may lead to maloperation of current-based protection relays. Coordination between the controller actions and protection devices is done this time by adding more constraints on current-based relays. Flexible Distribution of EneRgy and Storage resources (FDERS) was a recently proposed concept for islanded microgrids, and it offers several benefits including extended system controllability with improved system robustness, optimal energy resource deployment and increased lifetime. As the FDERS also involves a modification of DER controls, its implementation is found to have an impact on the distribution system protection schemes. In this work, I propose new protection strategies that are coordinated with controller's actions done in multi-function inverters or by implementing FDERS systems. The newly proposed protection strategies are recommended for dependable and secure system operation. In addition, a thorough investigation of CERTS/AEP microgrid protection scheme is presented in this work; recommendations given are based on improved coordination between different protection devices in the microgrid.

Modeling, Control and Protection of Low-voltage DC Microgrids

Modeling, Control and Protection of Low-voltage DC Microgrids
A Book

by Daniel Salomonsson

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 52
  • ISBN : 9789171788672
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Micro-grids

Micro-grids
Applications, Operation, Control and Protection

by Mahmoud Ghofrani

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2019-09-11
  • Pages : 144
  • ISBN : 1789840619
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The integration of recent and emerging energy technologies in the existing electric grid requires modifications in several aspects of the grid, including its architecture, protection, operation, and control. Micro-grid provides a solution for integrating distributed energy resources such as renewable energy generation, energy storage systems, electric vehicles, controllable loads, etc. and delivers flexibility, security, and reliability by operating in both grid-connected and isolated modes. This book provides an overview of micro-grid solutions, applications, and implementations. State-of-the-art methods for micro-grid operation, optimization, and control are presented. Distributed energy resources and their interactions in micro-grids are also studied. In addition, micro-grid designs, architectures, and standards are covered, as are micro-grid protection strategies and schemes for different operation modes.

Modeling, Control, Estimation, and Optimization for Microgrids

Modeling, Control, Estimation, and Optimization for Microgrids
A Fuzzy-Model-Based Method

by Zhixiong Zhong

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2019-10-28
  • Pages : 379
  • ISBN : 1351032453
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Due to increasing economic and environmental pressures, small-scale grids have received increasing attention in the last fifteen years. These renewable sources, such as solar PVs, wind turbines, and fuel cells, integrated with grid, have changed the way we live our lives. This book describes microgrid dynamics modeling and nonlinear control issues from introductory to the advanced steps. The book addresses the most relevant challenges in microgrid protection and control including modeling, uncertainty, stability issues, local control, coordination control, power quality, and economic dispatch.

Microgrid Design and Operation: Toward Smart Energy in Cities

Microgrid Design and Operation: Toward Smart Energy in Cities
A Book

by Federico Delfino ,Renato Procopio,Mansueto Rossi,Massimo Brignone,Michela Robba,Stefano Bracco

  • Publisher : Artech House
  • Release : 2018-08-31
  • Pages : 306
  • ISBN : 1630811513
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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With the growth of renewable energy sources, microgrids have become a key component in the distribution of power to localized areas while connected to the traditional grid or operating in a disconnected island mode. Based on the extensive real-world experience of the authors, this cutting-edge resource provides a basis for the design, installation, and day-by-day management of microgrids. Professionals find coverage of the critical aspects they need to understand, from the initial planning and the selection of the most appropriate technologies and equipment, to optimal management and real-time control. Moreover, this forward-looking book places emphasis on new architectures of the energy systems of the future. Written in accessible language with practical examples, the book explains advanced topics such as optimization algorithms for energy management systems, control issues for both on-grid and island mode, and microgrid protection. Practitioners are also provided with a complete vision for the deployment of the microgrid in smart cities.

Handbook of Research on Smart Power System Operation and Control

Handbook of Research on Smart Power System Operation and Control
A Book

by Alhelou, Hassan Haes,Hayek, Ghassan

  • Publisher : IGI Global
  • Release : 2019-03-15
  • Pages : 489
  • ISBN : 152258031X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Because society depends greatly on electric energy, power system control and protection focuses on ensuring a secure and reliable supply of power. To operate the electric systems in safe mode, the power system component should be equipped with intelligent controllers. The Handbook of Research on Smart Power System Operation and Control is a collection of innovative research on the theoretical and practical developments in smart power system operation and control that takes into account both smart grid and micro-grid systems. While highlighting topics including cybersecurity, smart grid, and wide area monitoring, this book is ideally designed for researchers, students, and industry professionals.

Power System Protection in Smart Grid Environment

Power System Protection in Smart Grid Environment
A Book

by Ramesh Bansal

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2019-01-15
  • Pages : 624
  • ISBN : 042968679X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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With distributed generation interconnection power flow becoming bidirectional, culminating in network problems, smart grids aid in electricity generation, transmission, substations, distribution and consumption to achieve a system that is clean, safe (protected), secure, reliable, efficient, and sustainable. This book illustrates fault analysis, fuses, circuit breakers, instrument transformers, relay technology, transmission lines protection setting using DIGsILENT Power Factory. Intended audience is senior undergraduate and graduate students, and researchers in power systems, transmission and distribution, protection system broadly under electrical engineering.

Microgrid Planning and Design

Microgrid Planning and Design
A Concise Guide

by Hassan Farhangi,Geza Joos

  • Publisher : Wiley-IEEE Press
  • Release : 2019-05-06
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 111945350X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A practical guide to microgrid systems architecture, design topologies, control strategies and integration approaches Microgrid Planning and Design offers a detailed and authoritative guide to microgrid systems. The authors - noted experts on the topic - explore what is involved in the design of a microgrid, examine the process of mapping designs to accommodate available technologies and reveal how to determine the efficacy of the final outcome. This practical book is a compilation of collaborative research results drawn from a community of experts in 8 different universities over a 6-year period. Microgrid Planning and Design contains a review of microgrid benchmarks for the electric power system and covers the mathematical modeling that can be used during the microgrid design processes. The authors include real-world case studies, validated benchmark systems and the components needed to plan and design an effective microgrid system. This important guide: Offers a practical and up-to-date book that examines leading edge technologies related to the smart grid Covers in detail all aspects of a microgrid from conception to completion Explores a modeling approach that combines power and communication systems Recommends modeling details that are appropriate for the type of study to be performed Defines typical system studies and requirements associated with the operation of the microgrid Written forgraduate students and professionals in the electrical engineering industry, Microgrid Planning and Design is a guide to smart microgrids that can help with their strategic energy objectives such as increasing reliability, efficiency, autonomy and reducing greenhouse gases.

Microgrids: Operation, Control, and Protection

Microgrids: Operation, Control, and Protection
Emphasis on Inverter-based Multi-DER Microgrids in Islanded Mode of Operation

by Amir Etemadi

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2014
  • Pages : 145
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Design of Reliable and Secure System Protection and Control Schemes in Microgrids Consisting of Inverter-Based Distributed Energy Resources

Design of Reliable and Secure System Protection and Control Schemes in Microgrids Consisting of Inverter-Based Distributed Energy Resources
A Book

by Aleksandar Aleksandar Vukojevic

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2020
  • Pages : 227
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Microgrids Design and Implementation

Microgrids Design and Implementation
A Book

by Antonio Carlos Zambroni de Souza,Miguel Castilla

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-11-29
  • Pages : 538
  • ISBN : 3319986872
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book addresses the emerging trend of smart grids in power systems. It discusses the advent of smart grids and selected technical implications; further, by combining the perspectives of researchers from Europe and South America, the book captures the status quo of and approaches to smart grids in a wide range of countries. It describes the basic concepts, enabling readers to understand the theoretical aspects behind smart grid formation, while also examining current challenges and philosophical discussions. Like the industrial revolution and the birth of the Internet, smart grids are certain to change the way people use electricity. In this regard, a new term – the “prosumer” – is used to describe consumers who may sometimes also be energy producers. This is particularly appealing if we bear in mind that most of the distributed power generation in smart grids does not involve carbon emissions. At first glance, the option of generating their own power could move consumers to leave their current energy provider. Yet the authors argue that doing so is not a wise choice: utilities will play a central role in this new scenario and should not be ignored.

Microgrid Technology and Engineering Application

Microgrid Technology and Engineering Application
A Book

by Fusheng Li,Ruisheng Li,Fengquan Zhou

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2015-08-27
  • Pages : 198
  • ISBN : 0128036303
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is based on the authors’ research and microgrid projects since 2009, and is the most up-to-date resource on the development of microgrid technologies. In addition to basic facility and network design concepts, it covers related subjects including power supply programming and energy optimization, which means it can serve as a single volume reference to the complete microgrid system implementation. Provides a systematic introduction to the basic concepts, key technologies, and practical design methods of microgrids Covers the theoretical design and implementation of microgrid facilities, including practical operational issues, monitoring and control. The balance of theoretical and applied content will be of real value to engineers who are specifying and design systems in regions with limited experience of microgrid systems Includes real-life examples and projects to help implement the content effectively

Recent Advances in Power Systems

Recent Advances in Power Systems
Select Proceedings of EPREC 2020

by Om Hari Gupta,Vijay Kumar Sood

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-10-15
  • Pages : 542
  • ISBN : 9811579946
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents select proceedings of Electric Power and Renewable Energy Conference 2020 (EPREC 2020). This book provides rigorous discussions, case studies, and recent developments in the emerging areas of the power system, especially, renewable energy conversion systems, distributed generations, microgrid, smart grid, HVDC & FACTS, power system protection, etc. The readers would be benefited in terms of enhancing their knowledge and skills in the domain areas. The book will be a valuable reference for beginners, researchers, and professionals interested in developments in the power system.

DC Distribution Systems and Microgrids

DC Distribution Systems and Microgrids
A Book

by Tomislav Dragičević,Pat Wheeler,Frede Blaabjerg

  • Publisher : Energy Engineering
  • Release : 2018-10
  • Pages : 469
  • ISBN : 1785613820
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides an overview of recent research activities in the control, protection and architectural design of a number of different types of DC distribution systems and microgrids. Practical requirements and implementation details of several types of DC distribution systems used in real world industrial applications are also given.