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Model Ecosystems in Extreme Environments

Model Ecosystems in Extreme Environments
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2019-05-29
  • Pages : 228
  • ISBN : 0128127430
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Model Ecosystems in Extreme Environments, Second Edition examines ecosystems at the most extreme habitats and their interaction with the environment, providing a key element in our understanding of the role and function of microorganisms in nature. The book highlights current topics in the field, such as biodiversity and the structure of microbial communities in extreme environments, the effects of extreme environmental conditions on microbial ecosystems, and ecological and evolutionary interactions in extreme environments, among other topics. It will be a valuable text for faculty and students working with extremophiles and/or microbial ecology and researchers, including astrobiologists, biologists, evolutionary scientists, astronomers, geochemists and oceanographers. Explores, in detail, how microbial ecosystems thrive in extreme environments Highlights the relevance of extremophiles as model ecosystems to the study of microbial ecology Examines how extreme ecosystems can help our search for life on other planets

Fungi in Extreme Environments: Ecological Role and Biotechnological Significance

Fungi in Extreme Environments: Ecological Role and Biotechnological Significance
A Book

by Sonia M. Tiquia-Arashiro,Martin Grube

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-07-22
  • Pages : 626
  • ISBN : 3030190307
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Over the last decades, scientists have been intrigued by the fascinating organisms that inhabit extreme environments. These organisms, known as extremophiles, thrive in habitats which for other terrestrial life-forms are intolerably hostile or even lethal. Based on such technological advances, the study of extremophiles has provided, over the last few years, ground-breaking discoveries that challenge the paradigms of modern biology. In the new bioeconomy, fungi in general, play a very important role in addressing major global challenges, being instrumental for improved resource efficiency, making renewable substitutes for products from fossil resources, upgrading waste streams to valuable food and feed ingredients, counteracting life-style diseases and antibiotic resistance through strengthening the gut biota, making crop plants more robust to survive climate change conditions, and functioning as host organisms for production of new biological drugs. This range of new uses of fungi all stand on the shoulders of the efforts of mycologists over generations. The book is organized in five parts: (I) Biodiversity, Ecology, Genetics and Physiology of Extremophilic Fungi, (II) Biosynthesis of Novel Biomolecules and Extremozymes (III) Bioenergy and Biofuel synthesis, and (IV) Wastewater and biosolids treatment, and (V) Bioremediation.

EXTREMOPHILES as Astrobiological Models

EXTREMOPHILES as Astrobiological Models
A Book

by Joseph Seckbach,Helga Stan-Lotter

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2021-01-13
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN : 1119591686
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The data in this book are new or updated, and will serve also as Origin of Life and evolutionary studies. Endospores of bacteria have a long history of use as model organisms in astrobiology, including survival in extreme environments and interplanetary transfer of life. Numerous other bacteria as well as archaea, lichens, fungi, algae and tiny animals (tardigrades, or water bears) are now being investigated for their tolerance to extreme conditions in simulated or real space environments. Experimental results from exposure studies on the International Space Station and space probes for up to 1.5 years are presented and discussed. Suggestions for extaterrestrial energy sources are also indicated.

Towards a Thermodynamic Theory for Ecological Systems

Towards a Thermodynamic Theory for Ecological Systems
A Book

by S.E. Jorgensen,Y.M. Svirezhev,I︠U︡. M. Svirezhev,Yuri M. Svirezhev

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2004-07-20
  • Pages : 366
  • ISBN : 9780080441672
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book presents a consistent and complete ecosystem theory based on thermodynamic concepts. The first chapters are devoted to an interpretation of the first and second law of thermodynamics in ecosystem context. Then Prigogine's use of far from equilibrium thermodynamic is used on ecosystems to explain their reactions to perturbations. The introduction of the concept exergy makes it possible to give a more profound and comprehensive explanation of the ecosystem's reactions and growth-patterns. A tentative fourth law of thermodynamic is formulated and applied to facilitate these explanations. The trophic chain, the global energy and radiation balance and pattern and the reactions of ecological networks are all explained by the use of exergy. Finally, it is discussed how the presented theory can be applied more widely to explain ecological observations and rules, to assess ecosystem health and to develop ecological models.

The Ecological Role of Micro-organisms in the Antarctic Environment

The Ecological Role of Micro-organisms in the Antarctic Environment
A Book

by Susana Castro-Sowinski

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2019
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9783030027872
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides up-to-date multidisciplinary information regarding microbial physiological groups in terms of their role in the Antarctic ecology. How do microorganisms shape the Antarctic environment? The book presents a thorough overview of the most important physiological microbial groups or microbial systems that shape the Antarctic environment. Each microbial model is described in terms of their physiology and metabolism, and their role in the Antarctic environmental sustainability. The individual chapters prepare readers for understanding the relevance of the microbial models from both an historical perspective, and considering the latest developments. This book will appeal to researchers and teachers interested in the Antarctic science, but also to students who want to understand the role of microbes in the ecology of extreme environments.

Large-Scale Ecology: Model Systems to Global Perspectives

Large-Scale Ecology: Model Systems to Global Perspectives
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2016-10-05
  • Pages : 688
  • ISBN : 0128110953
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advances in Ecological Research is one of the most successful series in the highly competitive field of ecology. This thematic volume focuses on large scale ecology, publishing important reviews that contribute to our understanding of the field. Presents the most updated information on the field of large scale ecology, publishing topical and important reviews Provides all information that relates to a thorough understanding of the field Includes data on physiology, populations, and communities of plants and animals

Thermophilic and Halophilic Extremophiles in Eurasian Environments

Thermophilic and Halophilic Extremophiles in Eurasian Environments
A Book

by Hongchen Jiang,Wen-Jun Li,Nils-Kaare Birkeland,Dilfuza Egamberdieva

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2019-05-17
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 2889458350
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The eBook is the product of a partnership between the Norwegian Eurasia Program and the China Silk Road Program. At the present, our knowledge on microbiology and biogeochemistry from Eurasian (hyper)saline and thermal ecosystems is limited. Such information is essential to the field and contributes to a comprehensive understanding of microbial metabolic pathways and functions involved in biogeochemical processes in extreme ecosystems. This eBook includes a series of recent progress in microbial diversity, ecological functions, and biogeochemistry in Eurasian (hyper)saline and thermal ecosystems with the use of next generation sequencing, omics technologies and interdisciplinary collaboration. We hope that this eBook would serve as a model for international cooperation and as a source of inspiration for more achievements in Eurasian (hyper)saline and thermal ecosystems in the future. The complete list of authors and co-authors includes 68 highly-qualified specialists from 9 countries. All chapters in the eBook were edited by authoritative experts. We would like to emphasize the great goodwill, esteem and cooperation extended to each other among the authors, reviewers and editors who contributed to the successful completion of this eBook.

Human Physiology in Extreme Environments

Human Physiology in Extreme Environments
A Book

by Hanns-Christian Gunga

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-10-18
  • Pages : 374
  • ISBN : 012815943X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Human Physiology in Extreme Environments, Second Edition, offers evidence on how human biology and physiology is affected by extreme environments, also highlighting technological innovations that allow us to adapt and regulate environments. Covering a broad range of extreme environments, including high altitude, underwater, tropical climates, desert climates, arctic climates and space travel, the book also includes case studies that can be used to illustrate practical application. Graduate students, medical students and researchers will find this to be an interesting, informative and useful resource for human physiology, environmental physiology and medical studies. Includes coverage of current global challenges and their consequences on human physiology and performance Presents human physiological challenges in extreme environments Provides an excellent source of information on paleontological and anthropological aspects Offers practical medical and scientific uses of current concepts

Physiological and Biotechnological Aspects of Extremophiles

Physiological and Biotechnological Aspects of Extremophiles
A Book

by Richa Salwan,Vivek Sharma

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-06-04
  • Pages : 386
  • ISBN : 0128183233
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Physiological and Biotechnological Aspects of Extremophiles highlights the current and topical areas of research in this rapidly growing field. Expert authors from around the world provide the latest insights into the mechanisms of these fascinating organisms use to survive. The vast majority of extremophiles are microbes which include archaea, bacteria and some eukaryotes. These microbes live under chemical and physical extremes that are usually lethal to cellular molecules, yet they manage to survive and even thrive. Extremophiles have important practical uses. They are a valuable source of industrially important enzymes and recent research has revealed novel mechanisms and biomolecular structures with a broad range of potential applications in biotechnology, biomining, and bioremediation. Aimed at research scientists, students, microbiologists, and biotechnologists, this book is an essential reading for scientists working with extremophiles and a recommended reference text for anyone interested in the microbiology, bioprospecting, biomining, biofuels, and extremozymes of these organisms. Shows the implications of the physiological adaptations of microbes from extreme habitats that are largely contributed by their biomolecules from basic to applied research Provides in-depth knowledge of genomic plasticity and proteome of different extremophiles Gives detailed and comprehensive insight about use of genetic engineering as well as genome editing for industrial applications

Habitability of the Universe Before Earth

Habitability of the Universe Before Earth
Astrobiology: Exploring Life on Earth and Beyond (series)

by Pabulo Rampelotto,Joseph Seckbach,Richard Gordon,Alexei Sharov

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2017-10-03
  • Pages : 558
  • ISBN : 9780128119402
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Habitability of the Universe before Earth: Astrobiology: Exploring Life on Earth and Beyond (series) examines the times and places-before life existed on Earth-that might have provided suitable environments for life to occur, addressing the question: Is life on Earth de novo, or derived from previous life? The universe changed considerably during the vast epoch between the Big Bang 13.6 billion years ago and the first evidence of life on Earth 4.1 billion years ago, providing significant time and space to contemplate where, when and under what circumstances life might have arisen. No other book covers this cosmic time period from the point of view of its potential for life. The series covers a broad range of topics encompassing laboratory and field research into the origins and evolution of life on Earth, life in extreme environments and the search for habitable environments in our solar system and beyond, including exoplanets, exomoons and astronomical biosignatures. Provides multiple hypotheses on the origin of life and distribution of living organisms in space Explores the diversity of physical environments that may support the origin and evolution of life Integrates contemporary views in biology and cosmology, and provides reasons that life is far more mobile in space than most people expect Includes access to a companion web site featuring supplementary information such as animated computer simulations

Serpentine

Serpentine
The Evolution and Ecology of a Model System

by Susan Harrison,Nishanta Rajakaruna

  • Publisher : Univ of California Press
  • Release : 2011-02-02
  • Pages : 464
  • ISBN : 0520948459
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Serpentine soils have long fascinated biologists for the specialized floras they support and the challenges they pose to plant survival and growth. This volume focuses on what scientists have learned about major questions in earth history, evolution, ecology, conservation, and restoration from the study of serpentine areas, especially in California. Results from molecular studies offer insight into evolutionary patterns, while new ecological research examines both species and communities. Serpentine highlights research whose breadth provides context and fresh insights into the evolution and ecology of stressful environments.

Biodiversity in Ecosystems

Biodiversity in Ecosystems
Linking Structure and Function

by Juan A. Blanco,Yueh-Hsin Lo,Shovonlal Roy

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2015-04-17
  • Pages : 642
  • ISBN : 953512028X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The term biodiversity has become a mainstream concept that can be found in any newspaper at any given time. Concerns on biodiversity protection are usually linked to species protection and extinction risks for iconic species, such as whales, pandas and so on. However, conserving biodiversity has much deeper implications than preserving a few (although important) species. Biodiversity in ecosystems is tightly linked to ecosystem functions such as biomass production, organic matter decomposition, ecosystem resilience, and others. Many of these ecological processes are also directly implied in services that the humankind obtains from ecosystems. The first part of this book will introduce different concepts and theories important to understand the links between ecosystem function and ecosystem biodiversity. The second part of the book provides a wide range of different studies showcasing the evidence and practical implications of such relationships.

Ecological Models and Data in R

Ecological Models and Data in R
A Book

by Benjamin M. Bolker

  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release : 2008-07-21
  • Pages : 396
  • ISBN : 0691125228
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Introduction and background; Exploratory data analysis and graphics; Deterministic functions for ecological modeling; Probability and stochastic distributions for ecological modeling; Stochatsic simulation and power analysis; Likelihood and all that; Optimization and all that; Likelihood examples; Standar statistics revisited; Modeling variance; Dynamic models.

Extremophiles and Extreme Environments

Extremophiles and Extreme Environments
A Book

by Pabulo H. Rampelotto

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2018-10-01
  • Pages : 438
  • ISBN : 3038421774
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Extremophiles and Extreme Environments" that was published in Life

Environmental Microbiology

Environmental Microbiology
A Book

by Ian L. Pepper,Charles P. Gerba,Terry J. Gentry,Raina M. Maier

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2011-10-13
  • Pages : 624
  • ISBN : 9780080919409
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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For microbiology and environmental microbiology courses, this leading textbook builds on the academic success of the previous edition by including a comprehensive and up-to-date discussion of environmental microbiology as a discipline that has grown in scope and interest in recent years. From environmental science and microbial ecology to topics in molecular genetics, this edition relates environmental microbiology to the work of a variety of life science, ecology, and environmental science investigators. The authors and editors have taken the care to highlight links between environmental microbiology and topics important to our changing world such as bioterrorism and national security with sections on practical issues such as bioremediation, waterborne pathogens, microbial risk assessment, and environmental biotechnology. WHY ADOPT THIS EDITION? New chapters on: Urban Environmental Microbiology Bacterial Communities in Natural Ecosystems Global Change and Microbial Infectious Disease Microorganisms and Bioterrorism Extreme Environments (emphasizing the ecology of these environments) Aquatic Environments (now devoted to its own chapter- was combined with Extreme Environments) Updates to Methodologies: Nucleic Acid -Based Methods: microarrays, phyloarrays, real-time PCR, metagomics, and comparative genomics Physiological Methods: stable isotope fingerprinting and functional genomics and proteomics-based approaches Microscopic Techniques: FISH (fluorescent in situ hybridization) and atomic force microscopy Cultural Methods: new approaches to enhanced cultivation of environmental bacteria Environmental Sample Collection and Processing: added section on air sampling

Ecological Society of America ... Annual Meeting Abstracts

Ecological Society of America ... Annual Meeting Abstracts
A Book

by Ecological Society of America. Meeting

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2005
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Ecosystem Services and Global Ecology

Ecosystem Services and Global Ecology
A Book

by Levente Hufnagel

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2018-09-19
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN : 1789237386
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The aim of Ecosystem Services and Global Ecology is to give an overview and report from the frontiers of research of this important and interesting multidisciplinary area. Ecosystem services as a concept plays a key role in solving global environmental and human ecological crises and associated other problems, especially today when the sixth major extinction event of the history of the biosphere is in progress, and humanity can easily become a victim of it. Human activity is rapidly transforming the surface of the Earth, its biosphere, atmosphere, soil, and water resources. Ecological processes happen over a long time scale, thus damage caused by human activity will be perceptible after decades or even centuries. We hope that our book will be interesting and useful for researchers, lecturers, students, and anyone interested in this field.

Biodiversity

Biodiversity
The Dynamic Balance of the Planet

by Oscar Grillo

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2014-05-14
  • Pages : 380
  • ISBN : 9535113151
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The current world biodiversity consists of an inestimable amount of living forms, that at all levels, from genes to biomes, from individuals to populations, from species to communities, are in constant pursuit of the best strategies to react to the natural and anthropic environmental changes. The arrangement of new and dynamic ecosystems balanced by the formation and the vanishing of species, is the direct consequence of these changes. This book contains comprehensive overviews and original studies focused on ecological and ecosystem functioning studies, hazards and conservation management, assessment of environmental variables affecting species diversity, also considering species richness and distribution, in order to identify the best management strategies to face and solve the conservation problems.

Handbook of Environmental and Ecological Statistics

Handbook of Environmental and Ecological Statistics
A Book

by Alan E. Gelfand,Montserrat Fuentes,Jennifer A. Hoeting,Richard Lyttleton Smith

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2019-01-15
  • Pages : 854
  • ISBN : 1498752128
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This handbook focuses on the enormous literature applying statistical methodology and modelling to environmental and ecological processes. The 21st century statistics community has become increasingly interdisciplinary, bringing a large collection of modern tools to all areas of application in environmental processes. In addition, the environmental community has substantially increased its scope of data collection including observational data, satellite-derived data, and computer model output. The resultant impact in this latter community has been substantial; no longer are simple regression and analysis of variance methods adequate. The contribution of this handbook is to assemble a state-of-the-art view of this interface. Features: An internationally regarded editorial team. A distinguished collection of contributors. A thoroughly contemporary treatment of a substantial interdisciplinary interface. Written to engage both statisticians as well as quantitative environmental researchers. 34 chapters covering methodology, ecological processes, environmental exposure, and statistical methods in climate science.

Economic Models of Tropical Deforestation: A Review

Economic Models of Tropical Deforestation: A Review
A Book

by David Kaimowitz,Arild Angelsen

  • Publisher : CIFOR
  • Release : 1998-01-01
  • Pages : 139
  • ISBN : 979876417X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Types of economic deforestation models. Household and firm-level models. Regional-level models. National and macro-level models. Priority areas for future research.