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Modeling Damage, Fatigue and Failure of Composite Materials

Modeling Damage, Fatigue and Failure of Composite Materials
A Book

by Ramesh Talreja,Janis Varna

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2015-10-20
  • Pages : 472
  • ISBN : 1782422986
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Modelling Damage, Fatigue and Failure of Composite Materials provides the latest research on the field of composite materials, an area that has attracted a wealth of research, with significant interest in the areas of damage, fatigue, and failure. The book is a comprehensive source of physics-based models for the analysis of progressive and critical failure phenomena in composite materials, and focuses on materials modeling, while also reviewing treatments to give the reader thorough direction for analyzing failure in composite structures. Part one of the book reviews the damage development in composite materials such as generic damage and damage accumulation in textile composites and under multiaxial loading, while part two focuses on the modeling of failure mechanisms in composite materials with attention given to fibre/matrix cracking and debonding, compression failure, and delamination fracture. Final sections examine the modeling of damage and materials response in composite materials, including micro-level and multi-scale approaches, the failure analysis of composite materials and joints, and the applications of predictive failure models. Examines current research in modeling damage, fatigue, and failure of composite materials Provides a comprehensive source of physics-based models for the analysis of progressive and critical failure phenomena in composite materials Assesses the failure and life prediction in composite materials Discusses the applications of predictive failure models such as computational approaches to failure analysis

Damage and Failure of Composite Materials

Damage and Failure of Composite Materials
A Book

by Ramesh Talreja,Chandra Veer Singh

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2012-06-07
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 110737698X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Understanding damage and failure of composite materials is critical for reliable and cost-effective engineering design. Bringing together materials mechanics and modeling, this book provides a complete guide to damage, fatigue and failure of composite materials. Early chapters focus on the underlying principles governing composite damage, reviewing basic equations and mechanics theory, before describing mechanisms of damage such as cracking, breakage and buckling. In subsequent chapters, the physical mechanisms underlying the formation and progression of damage under mechanical loads are described with ample experimental data, and micro- and macro-level damage models are combined. Finally, fatigue of composite materials is discussed using fatigue-life diagrams. While there is a special emphasis on polymer matrix composites, metal and ceramic matrix composites are also described. Outlining methods for more reliable design of composite structures, this is a valuable resource for engineers and materials scientists in industry and academia.

Fatigue of Composite Materials

Fatigue of Composite Materials
A Book

by Ronald F. Gibson

  • Publisher : DEStech Publications, Inc
  • Release : 2013
  • Pages : 234
  • ISBN : 1605950858
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This bound edition presents multiple investigations into various aspects of fatigue in composite materials and structures. This work is divided into three sections. The first section presents research into various aspects of fatigue modeling, including prediction of fatigue life, fatigue strength and fatigue crack growth rate. The second section deals primarily with experimental characterization of fatigue in composites, and the third section discusses fatigue behavior of full-scale composite structures. This volume is the third in the American Society for Composites Series on Advances in Composite Materials under the general editorship of Michael Hyer of Virginia Tech. Contributions on fatigue selected for this volume and others in the series are versions of recent ASC presentations which until now were available only on CD-ROM. Keywords include: fatigue, fatigue behavior, fatigue life prediction, multidirectional composite laminates, fatigue modeling, multi-factor interaction model, probabilistic model, composite materials, fatigue life analysis, fatigue limit predictors, fatigue delamination and fatigue damage.

Applications of Continuum Damage Mechanics to Fatigue and Fracture

Applications of Continuum Damage Mechanics to Fatigue and Fracture
A Book

by David L. McDowell

  • Publisher : ASTM International
  • Release : 1997
  • Pages : 237
  • ISBN : 0803124732
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Contains papers from the May 1996 Symposium on Applications of Continuum Damage Mechanics (CDM) to Fatigue and Fracture. Papers in Section I deal with various aspects of modeling damage in composite materials, such as high temperature environmental degradation, fatigue, and viscous damage in metal a

Fatigue of Composite Materials

Fatigue of Composite Materials
A Book

by R. Talreja

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 1987
  • Pages : 181
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fatigue in Composites provides extensive contemporary research on fatigue from internationally recognized researchers. Part I introduces the concept, delivering a historical review of the fatigue behavior of fibre-reinforced plastics and illustrating fatigue test methods and fatigue under multiaxial stress systems. Part II reviews current research on micromechanical aspects, emphasizing long-term behavior, interface performance, delamination and damage accumulation. Part III covers the analysis and testing of fatigue behavior. Part IV details physical , micromechanical, computational, statistical, and life-prediction models for constant and variable stress. The final sections offer an overview of the wide range of composite fatigue-related problems experienced by engineers.

Fatigue of Composite Materials--Damage Model and Life Prediction

Fatigue of Composite Materials--Damage Model and Life Prediction
A Book

by W. Hwang,KS. Han

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1989
  • Pages : 16
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fatigue life prediction on composite materials is studied analytically using degradation and damage models, resultant strains, and fatigue modulus. Definition of fatigue modulus, new damage models using fatigue modulus and resultant strain, and prediction of fatigue life of composite materials using degradation and damage models are discussed. This approach can predict accurately the multi-stress level fatigue life as well as single-stress level fatigue life of composite materials. Fatigue life is predicted by the following procedures: (1) establish the fatigue modulus degradation model, (2) find fatigue life equation as a function of fatigue modulus, (3) calculate the fatigue life using strain failure criterion. Degradation models for composite damage are generalized; the three-parameter degradation model is found most suitable to predicting fatigue life of composites. Also the predicted two-stress level fatigue life using the proposed cumulative damage models is reasonably close to the experimental data.

Multi-Scale Continuum Mechanics Modelling of Fibre-Reinforced Polymer Composites

Multi-Scale Continuum Mechanics Modelling of Fibre-Reinforced Polymer Composites
A Book

by Wim Van Paepegem

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2020-11-25
  • Pages : 764
  • ISBN : 0128189851
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Multi-scale modelling of composites is a very relevant topic in composites science. This is illustrated by the numerous sessions in the recent European and International Conferences on Composite Materials, but also by the fast developments in multi-scale modelling software tools, developed by large industrial players such as Siemens (Virtual Material Characterization toolkit and MultiMechanics virtual testing software), MSC/e-Xstream (Digimat software), Simulia (micromechanics plug-in in Abaqus), HyperSizer (Multi-scale design of composites), Altair (Altair Multiscale Designer) This book is intended to be an ideal reference on the latest advances in multi-scale modelling of fibre-reinforced polymer composites, that is accessible for both (young) researchers and end users of modelling software. We target three main groups: This book aims at a complete introduction and overview of the state-of-the-art in multi-scale modelling of composites in three axes: • ranging from prediction of homogenized elastic properties to nonlinear material behaviour • ranging from geometrical models for random packing of unidirectional fibres over meso-scale geometries for textile composites to orientation tensors for short fibre composites • ranging from damage modelling of unidirectionally reinforced composites over textile composites to short fibre-reinforced composites The book covers the three most important scales in multi-scale modelling of composites: (i) micro-scale, (ii) meso-scale and (iii) macro-scale. The nano-scale and related atomistic and molecular modelling approaches are deliberately excluded, since the book wants to focus on continuum mechanics and there are already a lot of dedicated books about polymer nanocomposites. A strong focus is put on physics-based damage modelling, in the sense that the chapters devote attention to modelling the different damage mechanisms (matrix cracking, fibre/matrix debonding, delamination, fibre fracture,...) in such a way that the underlying physics of the initiation and growth of these damage modes is respected. The book also gives room to not only discuss the finite element based approaches for multi-scale modelling, but also much faster methods that are popular in industrial software, such as Mean Field Homogenization methods (based on Mori-Tanaka and Eshelby solutions) and variational methods (shear lag theory and more advanced theories). Since the book targets a wide audience, the focus is put on the most common numerical approaches that are used in multi-scale modelling. Very specialized numerical methods like peridynamics modelling, Material Point Method, eXtended Finite Element Method (XFEM), isogeometric analysis, SPH (Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics),... are excluded. Outline of the book The book is divided in three large parts, well balanced with each a similar number of chapters:

Design and Analysis of Composite Structures for Automotive Applications

Design and Analysis of Composite Structures for Automotive Applications
Chassis and Drivetrain

by Vladimir Kobelev

  • Publisher : Wiley
  • Release : 2019-05-13
  • Pages : 392
  • ISBN : 1119513855
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A design reference for engineers developing composite components for automotive chassis, suspension, and drivetrain applications This book provides a theoretical background for the development of elements of car suspensions. It begins with a description of the elastic-kinematics of the vehicle and closed form solutions for the vertical and lateral dynamics. It evaluates the vertical, lateral, and roll stiffness of the vehicle, and explains the necessity of the modelling of the vehicle stiffness. The composite materials for the suspension and powertrain design are discussed and their mechanical properties are provided. The book also looks at the basic principles for the design optimization using composite materials and mass reduction principles. Additionally, references and conclusions are presented in each chapter. Design and Analysis of Composite Structures for Automotive Applications: Chassis and Drivetrain offers complete coverage of chassis components made of composite materials and covers elastokinematics and component compliances of vehicles. It looks at parts made of composite materials such as stabilizer bars, wheels, half-axes, springs, and semi-trail axles. The book also provides information on leaf spring assembly for motor vehicles and motor vehicle springs comprising composite materials. Covers the basic principles for the design optimization using composite materials and mass reduction principles Evaluates the vertical, lateral, and roll stiffness of the vehicle, and explains the modelling of the vehicle stiffness Discusses the composite materials for the suspension and powertrain design Features closed form solutions of problems for car dynamics explained in details and illustrated pictorially Design and Analysis of Composite Structures for Automotive Applications: Chassis and Drivetrain is recommended primarily for engineers dealing with suspension design and development, and those who graduated from automotive or mechanical engineering courses in technical high school, or in other higher engineering schools.

Numerical Modelling of Failure in Advanced Composite Materials

Numerical Modelling of Failure in Advanced Composite Materials
A Book

by Pedro P. Camanho,Stephen R. Hallett

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2015-08-07
  • Pages : 562
  • ISBN : 0081003420
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Numerical Modelling of Failure in Advanced Composite Materials comprehensively examines the most recent analysis techniques for advanced composite materials. Advanced composite materials are becoming increasingly important for lightweight design in aerospace, wind energy, and mechanical and civil engineering. Essential for exploiting their potential is the ability to reliably predict their mechanical behaviour, particularly the onset and propagation of failure. Part One investigates numerical modeling approaches to interlaminar failure in advanced composite materials. Part Two considers numerical modelling approaches to intralaminar failure. Part Three presents new and emerging advanced numerical algorithms for modeling and simulation of failure. Part Four closes by examining the various engineering and scientific applications of numerical modeling for analysis of failure in advanced composite materials, such as prediction of impact damage, failure in textile composites, and fracture behavior in through-thickness reinforced laminates. Examines the most recent analysis models for advanced composite materials in a coherent and comprehensive manner Investigates numerical modelling approaches to interlaminar failure and intralaminar failure in advanced composite materials Reviews advanced numerical algorithms for modeling and simulation of failure Examines various engineering and scientific applications of numerical modelling for analysis of failure in advanced composite materials

Fatigue in Composites

Fatigue in Composites
Science and Technology of the Fatigue Response of Fibre-Reinforced Plastics

by B. Harris

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2003-10-31
  • Pages : 768
  • ISBN : 1855738570
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This major handbook is the first authoritative survey of current knowledge of fatigue behaviour of composites. It deals in detail with a wide range of problems met by designers in the automotive, marine and structural engineering industries. Compiled from the contributions of some of the best-known researchers in the field, it provides an invaluable, practical and encyclopaedic handbook covering recent developments. Comprehensively discusses the problems of fatigue in composites met by designers in the aerospace, marine and structural engineering industries Provides a general introduction on fatigue in composites before reviewing current research on micromechanical aspects Analyses various types of composites with respect to fatigue behaviour and testing and provides in-depth coverage of life-prediction models for constant variable stresses

European Workshop on Structural Health Monitoring

European Workshop on Structural Health Monitoring
Special Collection of 2020 Papers - Volume 2

by Piervincenzo Rizzo,Alberto Milazzo

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021-01-08
  • Pages : 850
  • ISBN : 3030649083
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume gathers the latest advances, innovations, and applications in the field of structural health monitoring (SHM) and more broadly in the fields of smart materials and intelligent systems. The volume covers highly diverse topics, including signal processing, smart sensors, autonomous systems, remote sensing and support, UAV platforms for SHM, Internet of Things, Industry 4.0, and SHM for civil structures and infrastructures. The contributions, which are published after a rigorous international peer-review process, highlight numerous exciting ideas that will spur novel research directions and foster multidisciplinary collaboration among different specialists. The contents of this volume reflect the outcomes of the activities of EWSHM (European Workshop on Structural Health Monitoring) in 2020.

Advances in Polymer Processing 2020

Advances in Polymer Processing 2020
Proceedings of the International Symposium on Plastics Technology

by Christian Hopmann,Rainer Dahlmann

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-03-10
  • Pages : 338
  • ISBN : 366260809X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book gathers the proceedings of the International Symposium on Plastics Technology, which was held on March 10, 2020 in Aachen, Germany, and was organised by the Institute for Plastics Processing (IKV) in Industry and Craft at RWTH Aachen University. Peer-reviewed by an international scientific committee, the conference proceedings comprise the papers presented by the international speakers. Topics covered include - circular economy- extrusion- lightweight technologies- simulation and digitisation - injection moulding- hybrid materials and additive manufacturing. In these fields, key themes for plastics technologies have been identified that will shape the face of research and industry for the next decade. In their contributions, the authors present the latest scientific findings, and discuss topical issues in plastics technologies. The symposium offered an inspiring forum for the exchange on research and innovation, for discussing urgent questions and providing impulses for the future of plastics technology.

Fatigue of Textile and Short Fiber Reinforced Composites

Fatigue of Textile and Short Fiber Reinforced Composites
A Book

by Valter Carvelli,Atul Jain,Stepan Lomov

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2017-05-01
  • Pages : 212
  • ISBN : 1786300214
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book covers several aspects of the fatigue behavior of textile and short fiber reinforced composites. The first part is dedicated to 2D and 3D reinforced textile composites and includes a systematic description of the damage evolution for quasi-static and tensile-tensile fatigue loadings. Acoustic emissions and digital image correlation are considered in order to detect the damage modes’ initiation and development. The acoustic emission thresholds of the quasi-static loading are connected to the “fatigue limit” of the materials with distinctions for glass and carbon reinforcements. The second part is devoted to the fatigue behavior of injection molded short fiber reinforced composites. Experimental evidence highlights the dependence of their fatigue response on various factors: fiber and matrix materials, fiber distribution, environmental and loading conditions are described. A hybrid (experimental/simulations) multi-scale method is presented, which drastically reduces the amount of experimental data necessary for reliable fatigue life predictions.

Challenges in Mechanics of Time Dependent Materials, Fracture, Fatigue, Failure and Damage Evolution, Volume 2

Challenges in Mechanics of Time Dependent Materials, Fracture, Fatigue, Failure and Damage Evolution, Volume 2
Proceedings of the 2019 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics

by Meredith Silberstein,Alireza Amirkhizi,Xia Shuman,Allison Beese,Ryan B. Berke,Garrett Pataky

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2019-12-05
  • Pages : 170
  • ISBN : 3030299864
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Challenges in Mechanics of Time-Dependent Materials, Volume 2 of the Proceedings of the 2019 SEM Annual Conference& Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, the second volume of six from the Conference, brings together contributions to this important area of research and engineering. The collection presents early findings and case studies on fundamental and applied aspects of Experimental Mechanics, including papers in the following general technical research areas: Characterization Across Length Scales Extreme Conditions & Environmental Effects Soft Materials and Biomaterials Damage, Fatigue and Fracture Structure, Function and Performance Rate Effects in Elastomers Viscoelasticity & Viscoplasticity Research in Progress In-situ Techniques and Microscale Effects on Mechanical Behavior Fracture and Fatigue in Brittle Materials Novel Experimental Methods Fatigue and Fracture in Extreme Environments Integration of Models and Experiments Failure in Elastomers and Gels Rate Effects in Elastomers Microscale and Microstructural Effects on Mechanical Behavior Mechanics of Energy Materials Additive Manufacturing: Fatigue and Fracture Mechanics of Composite Materials Interfacial and Mixed-Mode Fracture Vibration Effects and High Cycle Fatigue

Polymer Composites in the Aerospace Industry

Polymer Composites in the Aerospace Industry
A Book

by P. E. Irving,C. Soutis

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2019-11-26
  • Pages : 688
  • ISBN : 0081027346
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Polymer Composites in the Aerospace Industry, Second Edition, summarizes the latest research and developments on the design, manufacture and performance of composite components for aerospace structures. Sections cover the modeling, structure and behavior of 2D and 3D woven composites, the manufacture processes used for composite materials and components, buckling and compressive strength of laminates and manufacturing defects in composite materials, aspects of composite performance in aerospace structural design, including chapters on modeling stiffness and strength of structural elements, fatigue under uniaxial and multiaxial loads, fracture mechanics, impact strength and fatigue, crashworthiness, design and failure analysis of bolted joints, and much more. This updated edition is an essential reference resource for engineers, scientists and designers working in the development of composite materials in aerospace applications. Presents detailed discussions on the design, modeling and analysis of conventional and advanced polymer composites used in aerospace applications Provides an in-depth understanding of the performance parameters of aerospace composites, such as strength, stiffness and fatigue, impact and blast resistance Includes significant developments that have occurred since 2015 (in production and manufacturing, fatigue modeling, test standards, adhesive bonding and repair and service techniques) Features a brand new section on design applications, including helicopter components, fixed wing landing gear, aircraft wings and fuselage

Fatigue Life Prediction of Composites and Composite Structures

Fatigue Life Prediction of Composites and Composite Structures
A Book

by Anastasios P. Vassilopoulos

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2019-10-08
  • Pages : 764
  • ISBN : 0081025769
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fatigue Life Prediction of Composites and Composite Structures, Second Edition, is a comprehensive review of fatigue damage and fatigue life modeling and prediction methodologies for composites and their use in practice. In this new edition, existing chapters are fully updated, while new chapters are introduced to cover the most recent developments in the field. The use of composites is growing in structural applications in many industries, including aerospace, marine, wind turbine and civil engineering. However, there are uncertainties about their long-term performance, including performance issues relating to cyclic fatigue loading that hinder the adoption of a commonly accepted credible fatigue design methodology for the life prediction of composite engineering structures. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, this book is a standard reference for industry professionals and researchers alike. Examines past, present and future trends associated with the fatigue life prediction of composite materials and structures Assesses novel computational methods for fatigue life modeling and prediction of composite materials under constant amplitude loading Covers a wide range of techniques for predicting fatigue, including their theoretical background and practical applications Addresses new topics and covers contemporary research developments in the field

Composite Materials

Composite Materials
Fatigue and Fracture

by Roderick H. Martin

  • Publisher : ASTM International
  • Release : 1995-01-01
  • Pages : 514
  • ISBN : 0803120125
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Shell Structures: Theory and Applications Volume 4

Shell Structures: Theory and Applications Volume 4
Proceedings of the 11th International Conference "Shell Structures: Theory and Applications, (SSTA 2017), October 11-13, 2017, Gdansk, Poland

by Wojciech Pietraszkiewicz,Wojciech Witkowski

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2017-10-30
  • Pages : 574
  • ISBN : 135168048X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Shells are basic structural elements of modern technology and everyday life. Examples of shell structures in technology include automobile bodies, water and oil tanks, pipelines, silos, wind turbine towers, and nanotubes. Nature is full of living shells such as leaves of trees, blooming flowers, seashells, cell membranes or wings of insects. In the human body arteries, the eye shell, the diaphragm, the skin and the pericardium are all shells as well. Shell Structures: Theory and Applications, Volume 4 contains 132 contributions presented at the 11th Conference on Shell Structures: Theory and Applications (Gdansk, Poland, 11-13 October 2017). The papers reflect a wide spectrum of scientific and engineering problems from theoretical modelling through strength, stability and dynamic behaviour, numerical analyses, biomechanic applications up to engineering design of shell structures. Shell Structures: Theory and Applications, Volume 4 will be of interest to academics, researchers, designers and engineers dealing with modelling and analyses of shell structures. It may also provide supplementary reading to graduate students in Civil, Mechanical, Naval and Aerospace Engineering.

Composite Materials

Composite Materials
Fatigue and Fracture : a Symposium Sponsored by ASTM Committee D-30 on High Modulus Fibers and Their Composites, Dallas, TX, 24-25 Oct. 1984

by H. Thomas Hahn,ASTM Committee E-24 on Fracture Testing

  • Publisher : ASTM International
  • Release : 1986
  • Pages : 396
  • ISBN : 0803104707
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biobased Composites

Biobased Composites
Processing, Characterization, Properties, and Applications

by Anish Khan,Sanjay Mavinkere Rangappa,Suchart Siengchin,Abdullah M. Asiri

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2021-03-16
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN : 1119641799
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Explore the world of biocomposites with this one-stop resource edited by four international leaders in the field Bio-based Composites: Characterization, Properties, and Applications delivers a comprehensive treatment of all known characterization methods, properties, and industry applications of bio-based composites materials. This unique, one-stop resource covers all major developments in the field from the last decade of research into this environmentally beneficial area. The internationally recognized editors have selected resources that represent advances in the mechanical, thermal, tribological, and water sorption properties of bio-based composites, and cover new areas of research in physico-chemical analysis, flame retardancy, failure mechanisms, lifecycle assessment, and modeling of bio-based composites. The low weight, low cost, excellent thermal recyclability, and biodegradability of bio-based composites make them ideal candidates to replace engineered plastic products derived from fossil fuel. This book provides its readers with the knowledge they’ll require to understand a new class of materials increasingly being used in the automotive and packaging industries, aerospace, the military, and construction. It also includes: An extended discussion of the environmental impact of bio-based composites using a lice cycle methodology A review of forecasts of natural fiber reinforced polymeric composites and its degradability concerns An analysis of the physical and mechanical properties of a bio-based composite with sisal powder A comprehensive treatment of the mechanical, thermal, tribological, and dielectric properties of bio-based composites A review of processing methods for the manufacture of bio-based composites Perfect for materials scientists in private industry, government laboratories, or engaged in academic research, Bio-Based Composites will also earn a place in the libraries of industrial and manufacturing engineers who seek a better understanding of the beneficial industrial applications of biocomposites in industries ranging from automobiles to packaging.