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Modelling the Flying Bird

Modelling the Flying Bird

by C.J. Pennycuick

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2008-08-23
  • Pages : 496
  • ISBN : 9780080557816
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book outlines the principles of flight, of birds in particular. It describes a way of simplifying the mechanics of flight into a practical computer program, which will predict in some detail what any bird, real or hypothetical, can and cannot do. The Flight program, presented on the companion website, generates performance curves for flapping and gliding flight, and simulations of long-distance migration and accounts successfully for the consumption of muscles and other tissues during migratory flights. The program is effectively a working model of a flying bird (or bat or pterosaur) and is the skeleton around which the book is built. The book provides a wider background and then explains how Flight works and shows how to set up and test hypotheses generated by the program. The book and the program are based on adapting the conventional (and well-tested) thinking of aeronautical engineers to the biological problems of bird flight. Their primary aim is to convince biologists that this is the appropriate way to handle problems that involve flight, to make the engineering background accessible to biologists, and to provide a tool kit in the shape of the Flight program, which they can use to solve practical problems involving bird flight and migration. In addition, the book will be readily accessible to engineers who want to know how birds work, and should be of interest to the ever-growing community working on flapping "micro air vehicles" (MAVs). The program can be used to predict the flight performance and capabilities of reconstructed fossil birds and pterosaurs, flying in ancient atmospheres that differ from present conditions, and also, of course, to predict and account for the results of experiments and observations on living birds and bats. * An up to date work by the world's leading expert on bird flight * Examines the biology and biomechanics of bird flight with added reference to the flight of bats and pterosaurs. * Uses proven aeronautical principles to help solve biological issues in understanding and predicting the flight capabilities of birds and other vertebrates. * Provides insights into the evolution of flight and the likely capabilities of extinct birds and reptiles. * Gives a detailed explanation of the science behind, and use of, the author's predictive bird flight simulation program - Flight - which is available on a companion website. * Presents often difficult concepts in easily understood language.

Modelling the Bird Flight

Modelling the Bird Flight

by Herbert Oertel,Sebastian Ruck

  • Publisher : KIT Scientific Publishing
  • Release : 2011
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 3866447612
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Birds Never Get Lost

Birds Never Get Lost

by Colin Pennycuick,Sandy Pennycuick

  • Publisher : Troubador Publishing
  • Release : 2015-10-22
  • Pages : 192
  • ISBN : 9781785890482
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Birds fly very efficiently, doing little work themselves, and gaining large amounts of energy from the atmosphere. Whether on local flights or migration, they have the freedom to fly anywhere they please. It is because of this that scientists have long been fascinated with how birds remain the ultimate aviators. Birds Never Get Lost includes reports of how bird flight has been studied in laboratories, as well as by flying with them. It also provides a comprehensive background of what distinguishes birds from other flying animals, past and present, from bats to pterosaurs.

Information Modelling and Knowledge Bases X

Information Modelling and Knowledge Bases X

by Hannu Jaakkola,Hannu Kangassalo,Eiji Kawaguchi

  • Publisher : IOS Press
  • Release : 1999
  • Pages : 351
  • ISBN : 9789051994537
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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LISTENING TO MUSIC is designed to help develop and refine the listening skills of your students and inspire a lifelong appreciation of music. Author and award-winning scholar-teacher Craig Wright, who has taught Music Appreciation courses for more than 35 years, is consistently praised by reviewers and other professors for his unparalleled accuracy and his clear, direct, conversational style. Throughout the book, Wright connects with today's students by incorporating comparisons between pop and classical music and by using examples from popular artists to illustrate core concepts. This chronological text succinctly covers traditional Western music from medieval to modern, discussing examples from each historical period within their social contexts and the construction of each piece. Later chapters cover popular music, its impact on musical globalization, and comparisons between Western and non-Western music. LISTENING TO MUSIC is the only text that provides Craig Wright's own Listening Exercises, in the book and online, which help students focus on important musical elements and episodes. A free CD, packaged with each printed copy of the text, includes all of the musical examples for the Part 1 listening exercises. A full set of optional online student resources includes Active Listening Guides, streaming music, an interactive eBook, quizzing, and more--all to challenge your students. All of the music discussed in the text is also available on CD and on Sony Music download cards. Available with InfoTrac Student Collections http://gocengage.com/infotrac.

Evolutionary Biomechanics

Evolutionary Biomechanics

by Graham Taylor,Adrian Thomas

  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Release : 2014-01-02
  • Pages : 176
  • ISBN : 0191009288
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Evolutionary biomechanics is the study of evolution through the analysis of biomechanical systems. Its unique advantage is the precision with which physical constraints and performance can be predicted from first principles. Instead of reviewing the entire breadth of the biomechanical literature, a few key examples are explored in depth as vehicles for discussing fundamental concepts, analytical techniques, and evolutionary theory. Each chapter develops a conceptual theme, developing the underlying theory and techniques required for analyses in evolutionary biomechanics. Examples from terrestrial biomechanics, metabolic scaling, and bird flight are used to analyse how physics constrains the design space that natural selection is free to explore, and how adaptive evolution finds solutions to the trade-offs between multiple complex conflicting performance objectives. Evolutionary Biomechanics is suitable for graduate level students and professional researchers in the fields of biomechanics, physiology, evolutionary biology and palaeontology. It will also be of relevance and use to researchers in the physical sciences and engineering.

Time and Methods in Environmental Interfaces Modelling

Time and Methods in Environmental Interfaces Modelling
Personal Insights

by Dragutin T Mihailovic,Igor Balaž,Darko Kapor

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2016-10-31
  • Pages : 412
  • ISBN : 0444639233
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Time and Methods in Environmental Interfaces Modelling: Personal Insights considers the use of time in environmental interfaces modeling and introduce new methods, from the global scale (e.g. climate modeling) to the micro scale (e.g. cell and nanotubes modeling), which primarily arise from the personal research insights of the authors. As the field of environmental science requires the application of new fundamental approaches that can lead to a better understanding of environmental phenomena, this book helps necessitate new approaches in modeling, including category theory, that follow new achievements in physics, mathematics, biology, and chemistry. Includes the use of new mathematical tools, such as category theory, mathematical theory of general systems and formal concept analysis, matrix theory tools, stability analysis, and pseudospectra Presents new content related to time in relation to physics and biology Combines the word of an experienced author team with over 35 papers of collective experience

On Conceptual Modelling

On Conceptual Modelling
Perspectives from Artificial Intelligence, Databases, and Programming Languages

by M.L. Brodie,J. Mylopoulos,J.W. Schmidt

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 510
  • ISBN : 1461251966
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The growing demand for systems of ever-increasing complexity and precision has stimulated the need for higher level concepts, tools, and techniques in every area of Computer Science. Some of these areas, in particular Artificial Intelligence, Databases, and Programming Lan guages, are attempting to meet this demand by defining a new, more abstract level of system description. We call this new level conceptual in recognition of its basic conceptual nature. In Artificial Intelligence, the problem of designing an expert system is seen primarily as a problem of building a knowledge base that repre sents knowledge about an enterprise. Consequently, Knowledge Repre sentation is viewed as a central issue in Artificial Intelligence research. Database design methodologies developed during the last five years are almost unanimous in offering semantic data models in terms of which the designer directly and naturally models an enterprise before proceed ing to a detailed logical and physical database design. In Programming Languages, different forms of abstraction which allow implementation independent specifications of data, functions, and control have been a major research theme for a decade. To emphasize the common goals of these three research efforts, we call this new activity conceptual modelling.

The Rise of Birds

The Rise of Birds
225 Million Years of Evolution

by Sankar Chatterjee

  • Publisher : JHU Press
  • Release : 2015-04-01
  • Pages : 392
  • ISBN : 142141614X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A small set of fossilized bones discovered almost thirty years ago led paleontologist Sankar Chatterjee on a lifelong quest to understand their place in our understanding of the history of life. They were clearly the bones of something unusual, a bird-like creature that lived long, long ago in the age of dinosaurs. He called it Protoavis, and the animal that owned these bones quickly became a contender for the title of "oldest known bird." In 1997, Chatterjee published his findings in the first edition of The Rise of Birds. Since then Chatterjee and his colleagues have searched the world for more transitional bird fossils. And they have found them. This second edition of The Rise of Birds brings together a treasure trove of fossils that tell us far more about the evolution of birds than we once dreamed possible. With no blind allegiance to what he once thought he knew, Chatterjee devours the new evidence and lays out the most compelling version of the birth and evolution of the avian form ever attempted. He takes us from Texas to Spain, China, Mongolia, Madagascar, Australia, Antarctica, and Argentina. He shows how, in the "Cretaceous Pompeii" of China, he was able to reconstruct the origin and evolution of flight of early birds from the feathered dinosaurs that lay among thousands of other amazing fossils. Chatterjee takes us to where long-hidden bird fossils dwell. His compelling, occasionally controversial, revelations—accompanied by spectacular illustrations—are a must-read for anyone with a serious interest in the evolution of "the feathered dinosaurs," from vertebrate paleontologists and ornithologists to naturalists and birders.

Artistic and Scientific Taxidermy and Modelling

Artistic and Scientific Taxidermy and Modelling
A Manual of Instruction in the Methods of Preserving and Reproducing the Correct Form of All Natural Objects, Including a Chapter on the Modelling of Foliage

by Montagu Browne

  • Publisher :
  • Release : 1896
  • Pages : 463
  • ISBN :
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Building and Flying Model Aircraft

Building and Flying Model Aircraft

by Robert Schleicher,James R. Barr

  • Publisher : Courier Corporation
  • Release : 1988-01-01
  • Pages : 166
  • ISBN : 9780486258010
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Two leading experts introduce beginners to basic aerodynamic principles and the building techniques of master modelers. Their richly illustrated manual provides valuable information on every phase of assembling and flying model aircraft--from the correct methods of kit-building and paint and tissue covering to the secrets of selecting the best engine and radio-control rig for each plane.

Journal of Experimental Biology

Journal of Experimental Biology

by N.A

  • Publisher :
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN :
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fifty Years of Invasion Ecology

Fifty Years of Invasion Ecology
The Legacy of Charles Elton

by David M. Richardson

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2011-02-23
  • Pages : 456
  • ISBN : 1444330004
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Invasion ecology is the study of the causes and consequences of the introduction of organisms to areas outside their native range. Interest in this field has exploded in the past few decades. Explaining why and how organisms are moved around the world, how and why some become established and invade, and how best to manage invasive species in the face of global change are all crucial issues that interest biogeographers, ecologists and environmental managers in all parts of the world. This book brings together the insights of more than 50 authors to examine the origins, foundations, current dimensions and potential trajectories of invasion ecology. It revisits key tenets of the foundations of invasion ecology, including contributions of pioneering naturalists of the 19th century, including Charles Darwin and British ecologist Charles Elton, whose 1958 monograph on invasive species is widely acknowledged as having focussed scientific attention on biological invasions.

Taking Wing

Taking Wing
Archaeopteryx and the Evolution of Bird Flight

by Pat Shipman

  • Publisher : Simon and Schuster
  • Release : 1999-01-15
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 0684849658
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Examines the scientific implications and continuing controversy over Archaeopteryx, a bird-reptile fossil discovered 130 years ago that many scientists believe offers tangible proof of Darwin's theory of evolution

Avian Migration

Avian Migration
With 32 Tables

by Peter Berthold

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2003-05-22
  • Pages : 610
  • ISBN : 9783540434085
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The reader of this comprehensive presentation benefits from an outstanding overview of all aspects of the fascinating phenomenon of bird migration. The book is written by leading experts from around the world. The text summarizes reviews and discussions of the most recent hypotheses. In doing so, it covers the entire research field from phenomenology through to ecology, physiology, control mechanisms, orientation, evolutionary aspects and conservation measures. It also examines the most modern methodological approaches including, satellite trakcking, molecular techniques or stable isotope investigations and envisages forthcoming developments in the course of global warming.

The Flying Zoo

The Flying Zoo
Birds, Parasites, and the World They Share

by Michael Stock

  • Publisher : University of Alberta
  • Release : 2019-11-19
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN : 1772124400
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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“My work as a scientist who studies bird parasites causes me to wonder about the hidden part of the drama unfolding before my eyes: the flying zoo that makes each bird what it is. As I gaze out at my favourite birds, I wonder what role their parasites have played in shaping their fascinating behaviours and alluring appearance.” — From Chapter 1 In The Flying Zoo, Michael Stock gives readers an enthusiastic tribute to birds and the parasites that live in and on them. From the Crozet Archipelago and the Galapagos Islands to our own backyards, parasites—fleas, lice, ticks, and flukes—live in a sinister yet symbiotic relationship with their host birds. With a scientist’s exuberance, Stock reveals a co-evolutionary dance among an astounding cast of creatures living in a complex and paradoxical co-habitation. Following in the footsteps of Fleas, Flukes and Cuckoos, this contemporary classic deserves a place on the shelves of students and teachers of biology, natural history buffs, and birders.

Bird Migration across the Himalayas

Bird Migration across the Himalayas
Wetland Functioning amidst Mountains and Glaciers

by Herbert H. T. Prins,Tsewang Namgail

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2017-04-06
  • Pages : 440
  • ISBN : 1107114713
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The first reference to demonstrate how birds survive the high-altitude Central Asian Flyway and the threats to this unique migration.

Lecturing Birds on Flying

Lecturing Birds on Flying
Can Mathematical Theories Destroy the Financial Markets?

by Pablo Triana

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2009-06-09
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 0470406755
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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LECTURING BIRDS ON FLYING For the past few decades, the financial world has often displayed an unreasonable willingness to believe that "the model is right, the market is wrong," in spite of the fact that these theoretical machinations were largely responsible for the stock market crash of 1987, the LTCM crisis of 1998, the credit crisis of 2008, and many other blow-ups, large and small. Why have both financial insiders (traders, risk managers, executives) and outsiders (academics, journalists, regulators, the public) consistently demonstrated a willingness to treat quantifications as gospel? Nassim Taleb first addressed the conflicts between theoretical and real finance in his technical treatise on options, Dynamic Hedging. Now, in Lecturing Birds on Flying, Pablo Triana offers a powerful indictment on the trustworthiness of financial theory, explaining—in jargon-free plain English—how malfunctions in these quantitative machines have wreaked havoc in our real world. Triana first analyzes the fundamental question of whether financial markets can in principle really be solved mathematically. He shows that the markets indeed cannot be tamed with equations, presenting a long and powerful list of obstacles to prove his point: maverick unlawful human actions rule the markets, unexpected and unimaginable events shape the markets, and historical data is not necessarily a trustworthy guide to the future of the markets. The author then examines the sources of origin of many prevalent theories and mathematical dictums. He details how the field of financial economics evolved from a descriptive discipline to an abstract one dedicated to technically concocting professors' own versions of how such a world should work. He goes on to explain how Wall Street and other financial centers became eager employers of scientists, and how scientists became eager employees of financial firms. Triana concludes with an in-depth discussion of the most significant historical episodes of theory-caused real-life market malaise, with a strong emphasis on the current credit crisis. In the end, Lecturing Birds on Flying calls for the radical substitution of good old-fashioned common sense in place of mathematical decision-making and the restoration to financial power of those who are completely unchained to the iron ball of classroom-obtained qualifications.

Biology for AQA.

Biology for AQA.
Separate award

by Ann Fullick

  • Publisher : Heinemann
  • Release : 2001
  • Pages : 213
  • ISBN : 9780435583552
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Each of the student books offers full and accurate coverage of the AQA specification for separate award science. The organisation of the books allows you to see at a glance exactly what you've covered and where. In addition, the books offer:- integrated

Outlines for Kindergarten and Primary Classes in the Study of Nature and Related Subjects

Outlines for Kindergarten and Primary Classes in the Study of Nature and Related Subjects
Arranged by Months

by E. Maud Cannell,Margaret E. Wise

  • Publisher :
  • Release : 1897
  • Pages : 162
  • ISBN :
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Feathered Dinosaurs

Feathered Dinosaurs
The Origin of Birds

by John A. Long,Peter Schouten

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 193
  • ISBN : 0195372662
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A stunning visual record of feathered dinosaurs illuminates the evolutionary march from these extraordinary prehistoric creatures through to the first true flying birds and includes an engaging companion text that places these feathered dinosaurs within the larger family of dinosaurs.