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Analysis of Medical Modalities for Improved Diagnosis in Modern Healthcare

Analysis of Medical Modalities for Improved Diagnosis in Modern Healthcare
A Book

by Varun Bajaj,G. R. Sinha

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2021-08-16
  • Pages : 344
  • ISBN : 1000400220
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In modern healthcare, various medical modalities play an important role in improving the diagnostic performance in healthcare system for various applications such as prosthesis design, surgical implant design, diagnosis and prognosis, and detection of abnormalities in the treatment of various diseases. Analysis of Medical Modalities for Improved Diagnosis in Modern Healthcare discusses the uses of analysis, modeling, and manipulation of modalities, such as EEG, ECG, EMG, PCG, EOG, MRI, and FMRI for an automatic identification, classification, and diagnosis of different types of disorders and physiological states. The analysis and applications for post-processing and diagnosis are much-needed topics for researchers and faculty members all across the world in the field of automated and efficient diagnosis using medical modalities. To meet this need, the book emphasizes real-time challenges in medical modalities for a variety of applications for analysis, classification, identification, and diagnostic processes of healthcare systems. Each chapter starts with the introduction, need and motivation of the medical modality, and a number of applications for the identification and improvement of healthcare systems. The chapters can be read independently or consecutively by research scholars, graduate students, faculty members, and practicing scientists who wish to explore various disciplines of healthcare systems, such as computer sciences, medical sciences, and biomedical engineering. This book aims to improve the direction of future research and strengthen research efforts of healthcare systems, through analysis of behavior, concepts, principles, and case studies. This book also aims to overcome the gap between usage of medical modalities and healthcare systems. Several novel applications of medical modalities have been unlocked in recent years, therefore new applications, challenges, and solutions for healthcare systems are the focus of this book.

The Backbone of Europe

The Backbone of Europe
Health, Diet, Work and Violence over Two Millennia

by Richard H. Steckel,Clark Larsen,Charlotte A. Roberts,Joerg Baten

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2018-11-15
  • Pages : 493
  • ISBN : 1108421954
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Represents the largest recorded dataset based on human skeletal remains from archaeological sites across the continent of Europe.

Foundations of Evidence-Based Medicine

Foundations of Evidence-Based Medicine
Clinical Epidemiology and Beyond, Second Edition

by Milos Jenicek

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2019-09-19
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 0429584350
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This comprehensive text focuses on reasoning, critical thinking and pragmatic decision making in medicine. Based on the author’s extensive experience and filled with definitions, formulae, flowcharts and checklists, this fully revised second edition continues to provide invaluable guidance to the crucial role that clinical epidemiology plays in the expanding field of evidence-based medicine. Key Features: • Considers evidence-based medicine as a universal initiative common to all health sciences and professions, and all specialties within those disciplines • Demonstrates how effective practice is reliant on proper foundations, such as clinical and fundamental epidemiology, and biostatistics • Introduces the reader to basic epidemiological methods, meta-analysis and decision analysis • Shows that structured, modern, argumentative reasoning is required to build the best possible evidence and use it in practice and research • Outlines how to make the most appropriate decisions in clinical care, disease prevention and health promotion Presenting a range of topics seldom seen in a single resource, the innovative blend of informal logic and structured evidence-based reasoning makes this book invaluable for anyone seeking broad, in-depth and readable coverage of this complex and sometimes controversial field.

Applications of Modern Linguistics

Applications of Modern Linguistics
A Book

by Moha Ennaji,Fatima Sadiqi

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1994
  • Pages : 348
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Validity and Validation in Social, Behavioral, and Health Sciences

Validity and Validation in Social, Behavioral, and Health Sciences
A Book

by Bruno D. Zumbo,Eric K.H. Chan

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2014-09-26
  • Pages : 327
  • ISBN : 3319077945
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book combines an overview of validity theory, trends in validation practices and a review of standards and guidelines in several international jurisdictions with research synthesis of the validity evidence in different research areas. An overview of theory is both useful and timely, in view of the increased use of tests and measures for decision-making, ranking and policy purposes in large-scale testing, assessment and social indicators and quality of life research. Research synthesis is needed to help us assemble, critically appraise and integrate the overwhelming volume of research on validity in different contexts. Rather than examining whether any given measure is “valid”, the focus is on a critical appraisal of the kinds of validity evidence reported in the published research literature. The five sources of validity evidence discussed are: content-related, response processes, internal structure, associations with other variables and consequences. The 15 syntheses included here, represent a broad sampling of psychosocial, health, medical and educational research settings, giving us an extensive evidential basis to build upon earlier studies. The book concludes with a meta-synthesis of the 15 syntheses and a discussion of the current thinking of validation practices by leading experts in the field.

Innovative Strategies, Statistical Solutions and Simulations for Modern Clinical Trials

Innovative Strategies, Statistical Solutions and Simulations for Modern Clinical Trials
A Book

by Mark Chang,John Balser,Jim Roach,Robin Bliss

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2019-03-29
  • Pages : 362
  • ISBN : 1351214527
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"This is truly an outstanding book. [It] brings together all of the latest research in clinical trials methodology and how it can be applied to drug development.... Chang et al provide applications to industry-supported trials. This will allow statisticians in the industry community to take these methods seriously." Jay Herson, Johns Hopkins University The pharmaceutical industry's approach to drug discovery and development has rapidly transformed in the last decade from the more traditional Research and Development (R & D) approach to a more innovative approach in which strategies are employed to compress and optimize the clinical development plan and associated timelines. However, these strategies are generally being considered on an individual trial basis and not as part of a fully integrated overall development program. Such optimization at the trial level is somewhat near-sighted and does not ensure cost, time, or development efficiency of the overall program. This book seeks to address this imbalance by establishing a statistical framework for overall/global clinical development optimization and providing tactics and techniques to support such optimization, including clinical trial simulations. Provides a statistical framework for achieve global optimization in each phase of the drug development process. Describes specific techniques to support optimization including adaptive designs, precision medicine, survival-endpoints, dose finding and multiple testing. Gives practical approaches to handling missing data in clinical trials using SAS. Looks at key controversial issues from both a clinical and statistical perspective. Presents a generous number of case studies from multiple therapeutic areas that help motivate and illustrate the statistical methods introduced in the book. Puts great emphasis on software implementation of the statistical methods with multiple examples of software code (both SAS and R). It is important for statisticians to possess a deep knowledge of the drug development process beyond statistical considerations. For these reasons, this book incorporates both statistical and "clinical/medical" perspectives.

Narrative Medicine and Community-Based Health Care and Planning

Narrative Medicine and Community-Based Health Care and Planning
A Book

by John W Murphy,Berkeley A. Franz,Jung Min Choi,Karen A. Callaghan

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-09-30
  • Pages : 136
  • ISBN : 3319618571
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This progressive resource brings the innovative power of narrative medicine to the forefront of community public health care. Chapters describe community involvement across a continuum of control, from health consultants describing problems and suggesting solutions to health committees designing programs and evaluating results. Narrative strategies to this end, including authentic dialogue and community mapping, are examined in the context of public health and fleshed out with examples of different levels of participation by community members. From the respectful collaboration modeled here, the principles of community public health care can potentially expand beyond the immediate community into other social domains on a greater scale. Included in the coverage: · Narratives, local knowledge, and world entry. · Community and narratives. · What is dialogue? · Storylines, causes, and locus of interventions. · Community mapping tells a story. · The politics of storytelling. Narrative Medicine and Community-Based Health Care and Planning gives health psychologists, sociologists, social workers, and public health administrators realistic practical insights for tapping into the unique resources communities and clients have to offer. This is the next step in the evolution of public health, toward large-scale improvements in care delivery, access to and relevance of services, and patient and community outcomes.

Introduction to Statistical Methods in Modern Genetics

Introduction to Statistical Methods in Modern Genetics
A Book

by M.C. Yang

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2000-02-23
  • Pages : 260
  • ISBN : 9789056991340
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Although the basic statistical theory behind modern genetics is not very difficult, most statistical genetics papers are not easy to read for beginners in the field, and formulae quickly become very tedious to fit a particular area of application. Introduction to Statistical Methods in Modern Genetics distinguishes between the necessary and unnecessary complexity in a presentation designed for graduate-level statistics students. The author keeps derivations simple, but does so without losing the mathematical details. He also provides the required background in modern genetics for those looking forward to entering this arena. Along with some of the statistical tools important in genetics applications, students will learn: How a gene is found How scientists have separated the genetic and environmental aspects of a person's intelligence How genetics are used in agriculture to improve crops and domestic animals What a DNA fingerprint is and why there are controversies about it Although the author assumes students have a foundation in basic statistics, an appendix provides the necessary background beyond the elementary, including multinomial distributions, inference on frequency tables, and discriminant analysis. With clear explanations, a multitude of figures, and exercise sets in each chapter, this text forms an outstanding entrée into the rapidly expanding world of genetic data analysis.

The Fundamentals of Modern Statistical Genetics

The Fundamentals of Modern Statistical Genetics
A Book

by Nan M. Laird,Christoph Lange

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2010-12-13
  • Pages : 226
  • ISBN : 9781441973382
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book covers the statistical models and methods that are used to understand human genetics, following the historical and recent developments of human genetics. Starting with Mendel’s first experiments to genome-wide association studies, the book describes how genetic information can be incorporated into statistical models to discover disease genes. All commonly used approaches in statistical genetics (e.g. aggregation analysis, segregation, linkage analysis, etc), are used, but the focus of the book is modern approaches to association analysis. Numerous examples illustrate key points throughout the text, both of Mendelian and complex genetic disorders. The intended audience is statisticians, biostatisticians, epidemiologists and quantitatively- oriented geneticists and health scientists wanting to learn about statistical methods for genetic analysis, whether to better analyze genetic data, or to pursue research in methodology. A background in intermediate level statistical methods is required. The authors include few mathematical derivations, and the exercises provide problems for students with a broad range of skill levels. No background in genetics is assumed.

Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health and Health Care

Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health and Health Care
A Book

by Elene V. Metrosa

  • Publisher : Nova Publishers
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 232
  • ISBN : 9781600212680
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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It is generally conceded that there are significant disparities in health and health care based on a person's racial and ethnic background. Infant mortality rates for black babies remain nearly two-and-one-half times higher than for whites. The life expectancy for black men and women remains at nearly one decade fewer years of life compared with their white counterparts. Rates of death attributable to heart disease, stroke, prostate and breast cancer remain much higher in black populations. Diabetes disease rates are more than 30 percent higher among Native Americans and Hispanics than among whites. Minorities remain grossly under-represented in the health professions workforce relative to their proportions in the population. In addition, despite a large and growing body of scientific evidence, many patients and providers remain unaware that racial and ethnic health care disparities are a problem and perceptions about health care inequalities vary between minorities and whites. closing the disparity gap. This book presents new research focusing on these disparities.

Mobile Computing and Wireless Networks: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications

Mobile Computing and Wireless Networks: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications
Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications

by Management Association, Information Resources

  • Publisher : IGI Global
  • Release : 2015-09-30
  • Pages : 2308
  • ISBN : 1466687525
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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We live in a wireless society, one where convenience and accessibility determine the efficacy of the latest electronic gadgets and mobile devices. Making the most of these technologies—and ensuring their security against potential attackers—requires increased diligence in mobile technology research and development. Mobile Computing and Wireless Networks: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications brings together a comprehensive range of voices and research in the area of mobile and wireless technologies, exploring the successes and failures, advantages and drawbacks, and benefits and limitations of the technology. With applications in a plethora of different research and topic areas, this multi-volume reference work benefits researchers, service providers, end-users, and information technology professionals. This four-volume reference work includes a diverse array of chapters and authors covering topics such as m-commerce, network ethics, mobile agent systems, mobile learning, communications infrastructure, and applications in fields such as business, healthcare, government, tourism, and more.

Methods and Applications of Statistics in the Life and Health Sciences

Methods and Applications of Statistics in the Life and Health Sciences
A Book

by N. Balakrishnan

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2010-01
  • Pages : 986
  • ISBN : 0470405090
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"Data collection holds an essential part in dictating the future of health sciences and public health, as the compilation of statistics allows researchers and medical practitioners to monitor trends in health status, identify health problems, and evaluate the impact of health policies and programs. Methods and Applications of Statistics in the Life and Health Sciences serves as a single, one-of-a-kind resource on the wide range of statistical methods, techniques, and applications that are applied in modern life and health sciences in research. Specially designed to present encyclopedic content in an accessible and self-contained format, this book outlines thorough coverage of the underlying theory and standard applications to research in related disciplines such as biology, epidemiology, clinical trials, and public health. Uniquely combining established literature with cutting-edge research, this book contains classical works and more than twenty-five new articles and completely revised contributions from the acclaimed Encyclopedia of Statistical Sciences, Second Edition. The result is a compilation of more than eighty articles that explores classic methodology and new topics."--Publisher's description.

Issues in Healthcare Communication and Information Technology: 2011 Edition

Issues in Healthcare Communication and Information Technology: 2011 Edition
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
  • Release : 2012-01-09
  • Pages : 241
  • ISBN : 1464967415
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Issues in Healthcare Communication and Information Technology: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Healthcare Communication and Information Technology. The editors have built Issues in Healthcare Communication and Information Technology: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Healthcare Communication and Information Technology in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Healthcare Communication and Information Technology: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Helminth Infections and their Impact on Global Public Health

Helminth Infections and their Impact on Global Public Health
A Book

by Fabrizio Bruschi

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2014-05-05
  • Pages : 502
  • ISBN : 3709117828
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Helminths are long-lived multicellular organisms that have co-evolved with humans over many thousands of years. They are responsible for infections which affect around one third of the human population, at global level. Despite the huge efforts in research during the last years, effective control of helminth infections is still far from optimal standards and the resulting diseases remain neglected. This book aims to give an up-date overview to the epidemiology (including molecular typing), specific biological, immunological and immunopathological aspects, diagnosis and perspectives of control of the most common helminth infections.

The Development of Modern Epidemiology

The Development of Modern Epidemiology
Personal Reports from Those who Were There

by Jørn Olsen,Charles du V. Florey

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2007-04-05
  • Pages : 456
  • ISBN : 0198569548
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Marking the 50th anniversary of the foundation of the International Epidemiological Association, this is a compendium by the world's leading epidemiologists of how the subject has developed in the past 50 years.

Modern Scientific Evidence

Modern Scientific Evidence
The Law and Science of Expert Testimony

by David Laurence Faigman

  • Publisher : West Group Publishing
  • Release : 2002
  • Pages : 4
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Modern Epidemiology

Modern Epidemiology
A Book

by Kenneth J. Rothman,Sander Greenland,Timothy L. Lash

  • Publisher : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 758
  • ISBN : 9780781755641
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The thoroughly revised and updated Third Edition of the acclaimed Modern Epidemiology reflects both the conceptual development of this evolving science and the increasingly focal role that epidemiology plays in dealing with public health and medical problems. Coauthored by three leading epidemiologists, with sixteen additional contributors, this Third Edition is the most comprehensive and cohesive text on the principles and methods of epidemiologic research. The book covers a broad range of concepts and methods, such as basic measures of disease frequency and associations, study design, field methods, threats to validity, and assessing precision. It also covers advanced topics in data analysis such as Bayesian analysis, bias analysis, and hierarchical regression. Chapters examine specific areas of research such as disease surveillance, ecologic studies, social epidemiology, infectious disease epidemiology, genetic and molecular epidemiology, nutritional epidemiology, environmental epidemiology, reproductive epidemiology, and clinical epidemiology.

Genomics and Health in the Developing World

Genomics and Health in the Developing World
A Book

by Dhavendra Kumar

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2012-06-14
  • Pages : 1501
  • ISBN : 0195374754
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is designed to be the first major text to discuss advances in medical genetics in the developing world.

Modern Issues and Methods in Biostatistics

Modern Issues and Methods in Biostatistics
A Book

by Mark Chang

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2011-07-15
  • Pages : 307
  • ISBN : 9781441998422
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Classic biostatistics, a branch of statistical science, has as its main focus the applications of statistics in public health, the life sciences, and the pharmaceutical industry. Modern biostatistics, beyond just a simple application of statistics, is a confluence of statistics and knowledge of multiple intertwined fields. The application demands, the advancements in computer technology, and the rapid growth of life science data (e.g., genomics data) have promoted the formation of modern biostatistics. There are at least three characteristics of modern biostatistics: (1) in-depth engagement in the application fields that require penetration of knowledge across several fields, (2) high-level complexity of data because they are longitudinal, incomplete, or latent because they are heterogeneous due to a mixture of data or experiment types, because of high-dimensionality, which may make meaningful reduction impossible, or because of extremely small or large size; and (3) dynamics, the speed of development in methodology and analyses, has to match the fast growth of data with a constantly changing face. This book is written for researchers, biostatisticians/statisticians, and scientists who are interested in quantitative analyses. The goal is to introduce modern methods in biostatistics and help researchers and students quickly grasp key concepts and methods. Many methods can solve the same problem and many problems can be solved by the same method, which becomes apparent when those topics are discussed in this single volume.

Economics and the Prevention of Alcohol-related Problems

Economics and the Prevention of Alcohol-related Problems
Proceedings of a Workshop in Economic and Socioeconomic Issues in the Prevention of Alcohol-Related Problems, October 10-11, 1991, Bethesda, MD

by Michael E. Hilton,Gregory Bloss

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1993
  • Pages : 228
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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