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Modulation of Sleep by Obesity, Diabetes, Age, and Diet

Modulation of Sleep by Obesity, Diabetes, Age, and Diet
A Book

by Ronald Ross Watson

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2014-09-14
  • Pages : 408
  • ISBN : 0124202403
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sleep disorder is a rampant problem in the US, with over 40 million Americans currently diagnosed according to the NIH. There is a clear association between sleep disorder and a wide range of other human disorders –performance deficiencies, psychiatric illnesses, heart disease, obesity and more – but in spite of this there is not yet a convenient overview on the market detailing the impact of obesity, age, diabetes and diet on sleep duration and attendant health outcomes. This volume focuses on the interaction between sleep and these factors, with special attention being paid to the potential for neurological modulation of sleep via diet. The volume aid readers in understanding the role each of these factors plays in sleep architecture and its regulation by circadian biology and neurology. Aids in understanding the impact of age, diet, obesity and disease on sleep Offers focus on neurological changes that affect metabolism Explores diabetes induced sleep problems Aid to understanding the multifactorial causes of age-related sleep dysfunction Addresses selected studies of nutraceuticals affecting sleep for potential application clinically Discusses major impact on sleep disorders by caffeine and alcohol

Neurological Modulation of Sleep

Neurological Modulation of Sleep
Mechanisms and Function of Sleep Health

by Ronald Ross Watson,Victor R. Preedy

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-01-15
  • Pages : 430
  • ISBN : 0128166592
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Neurological Modulation of Sleep provides readers with updated scientific reviews regarding the interaction between sleep and contributing factors, with special attention paid to the potential for neurological modulation of sleep via diet. This book expands the notion of diet and adds an element of physical activity and exercise as well as a chapter on caffeine and its effects on sleep. With 30+ international contributors, this book aims to provide readers with a unique global perspective on the role these factors plays in sleep architecture and its regulation by circadian biology and neurology. Sleep disorders have become an increasing problem plaguing more than 70 million Americans according to the American Sleep Association. There is a clear association between sleep disorder and a wide range of other human disorders –performance deficiencies, psychiatric illnesses, heart disease, obesity and more – but in spite of this there is not yet a convenient overview on the market detailing the impact of obesity, age, diabetes and diet on sleep duration and attendant health outcomes. Describes the impact of diet, caffeine and physical activity on sleep Reviews the neurology and metabolism of sleep Identifies what foods impact sleep and how Discusses the clinical use of nutraceuticals to improve sleep

Handbook of Obesity Treatment, Second Edition

Handbook of Obesity Treatment, Second Edition
A Book

by Thomas A. Wadden,George A. Bray

  • Publisher : Guilford Publications
  • Release : 2019-11-21
  • Pages : 716
  • ISBN : 1462542905
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The leading clinical reference work in the field--now significantly revised with 85% new material--this handbook gives practitioners and students a comprehensive understanding of the causes, consequences, and management of adult and childhood obesity. In concise, extensively referenced chapters from preeminent authorities, the Handbook presents foundational knowledge and reviews evidence-based psychosocial and lifestyle interventions as well as pharmacological and surgical treatments. It provides guidelines for conducting psychosocial and medical assessments and for developing individualized treatment plans. The effects of obesity--and of weight loss--on physical and psychological well-being are reviewed, as are strategies for helping patients maintain their weight loss. New to This Edition *Many new authors and topics; extensively revised and expanded with over 15 years of research and clinical advances, including breakthroughs in understanding the biological regulation of appetite and body weight. *Section on contributors to obesity, with new chapters on food choices, physical activity, sleep, and psychosocial and environmental factors. *Chapters on novel treatments for adults--acceptance and commitment therapy, motivational interviewing, digitally based interventions, behavioral economics, community-based programs, and nonsurgical devices. *Chapters on novel treatments for children and adolescents--school-based preventive interventions, family-based behavioral weight loss treatment, and bariatric surgery. *Chapters on the gut microbiome, the emerging field of obesity medicine, reimbursement for weight loss therapies, and managing co-occurring eating disorders and obesity.

The Impact of Altered Timing of Eating, Sleep and Work Patterns on Human Health

The Impact of Altered Timing of Eating, Sleep and Work Patterns on Human Health

by Siobhan Banks,Alison M. Coates,Jillian Dorian

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2018-03-13
  • Pages : 184
  • ISBN : 3038427594
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "The Impact of Altered Timing of Eating, Sleep and Work Patterns on Human Health" that was published in Nutrients

Global Health Complications of Obesity

Global Health Complications of Obesity
A Book

by Jahangir Moini,Raheleh Ahangari,Carrie Miller,Mohtashem Samsam

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-04-01
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN : 0128197528
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Global Health Complications of Obesity presents a valuable resource for research scientists and clinicians by covering the burden of obesity and related diseases and serving as a starting point for in-depth discussions in academic settings and for obesity-treatment specialists. Obesity is associated with a statistically higher risk of heart disease, hypertension, insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes and many other diseases. This succinct resource focuses on the current data, research and management of obesity. It is essential reading for healthcare professionals, endocrinologists, nutritionists, public health students and medical students. Presents clinical cases, key terms and targeted references Addresses diseases including diabetes, cancer, hypertension, osteoarthritis, fatty liver disease, infertility, renal failure and depression Provides a link to new knowledge that is ideal for both researchers and clinicians

Sleep Deprivation and Cognition

Sleep Deprivation and Cognition
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2019-06-15
  • Pages : 358
  • ISBN : 0444642501
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sleep Deprivation and Cognition, Volume 247, the latest release in the Progress in Brain Research series, covers the effects of sleep deprivation, with this new release featuring sections on the Impact of sleep deprivation on long-term memory, Adolescent sleep restriction effects on cognition and mood, Self- regulation and social behavior during sleep deprivation, Experiential decision-making and the effects of sleep loss, Sleep deprivation and dynamic attentional control, a Pharmacogenetic approach to understanding sleep deprivation and cognition, Neuroimaging of functional connectivity in the sleep-deprived brain: what does it tell us?, and more. Brings together scientists working in the area of sleep deprivation with scientists involved in research and theory in cognitive neuroscience Fosters theory-driven research on sleep loss and cognition while also advancing a general understanding of cognitive neuroscience Provides a foundation for the design of countermeasures to prevent human errors and accidents caused by sleep loss

Springer Handbook of Odor

Springer Handbook of Odor
A Book

by Andrea Büttner

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-02-28
  • Pages : 1151
  • ISBN : 3319269321
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Springer Handbook of Odor is the definitive guide to all aspects related to the study of smell and their impact on human life. For the first time, this handbook aligns the senso-chemo-analytical characterization of everyday smells encountered by mankind, with the elucidation of perceptual, hedonic, behavioral and physiological responses of humans to such odors. From birth onwards we learn to interact with our environment using our sense of smell. Moreover, evolutionary processes have engendered a multi-faceted communication that is supported – even dominated – by olfaction. This compilation examines the responses of humans to odors at different stages of life, thereby building a foundation for a widely overseen area of research with broader ramifications for human life. The expert international authors and editor align aspects, concepts, methodologies and perspectives from a broad range of different disciplines related to the science of smell. These include chemistry, physiology, psychology, material sciences, technology but also disciplines related to linguistics, culture, art and design. This handbook, edited by an internationally renowned aroma scientist with the support of an outstanding team of over 60 authors, is an authoritative reference for researchers in the field of odors both in academia and in industry and is also a useful reference for newcomers to the area.

Wits Guts Grit

Wits Guts Grit
All-Natural Biohacks for Raising Smart, Resilient Kids

by Jena Pincott

  • Publisher : Chicago Review Press
  • Release : 2018-04-01
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 1613736916
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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What if memory and learning could improve after eating certain foods—such as blueberries—high in plant chemicals called flavonols? What if primal ways of moving the body strengthen kids' working memory and mental flexibility? What if receiving the right types of touch translate into better emotional control and self-regulation? These and many more questions led Pincott to simple, all-natural "biohacks"—or experiments inspired by current research and theory—complete with instructions on how to undertake them to help your own children strengthen their wits, guts, and grit.

The Character Edge

The Character Edge
Leading and Winning with Integrity

by Robert L. Caslen, Jr.,Michael D. Matthews

  • Publisher : St. Martin's Press
  • Release : 2020-10-13
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 125025907X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The former superintendent at West Point and a psychologist explain why all successful leaders rely on a foundation of strong character. Among the most successful leaders throughout history—from Abe Lincoln to Rosa Parks, Mahatma Gandhi to Susan B. Anthony, Martin Luther King, Jr. to Nelson Mandela—some were brilliant mathematicians and economists, others were creative visionaries, still others were masterful at strategic planning. Their mastery of their field wasn’t the secret to their highly effective leadership. All of their skill, grit, resilience, charisma, and courage emanated from one thing: their strength of character. Character—the moral values and habits of an individual—is in the spotlight now more than perhaps at any other point in modern history. Politicians distort facts. Corporations cheat customers and investors. Athletes are caught using illegal supplements. In addition to harming our culture at large, these failures of character have a profound and undermining impact on leadership. The authors of this book are experts on the value of character, its correlation with successful leadership, and how to build it in individuals and prospective leaders. General Robert L. Caslen, Jr. served the US Army for over 43 years and served as Superintendent at the US Military Academy at West Point. Psychologist Dr. Michael D. Matthews is a Professor of Engineering Psychology at West Point who has focused on the psychology of character for years. Together they witnessed firsthand that raw talent is not enough to stand on its own; successful leadership relies on the critical foundation of a strong character. In The Character Edge they leverage their perspectives to offer an empowering, story-driven argument—backed by the latest scientific research—that character is vital to success. They give readers the tools to build and sustain character in themselves and their organizations by testing readers' strengths of the gut, head and heart and teaching how to build trust and nurture the seeds of character.

Reflecting on Autoethnographic and Phenomenological Experiences

Reflecting on Autoethnographic and Phenomenological Experiences
A Caregiver’s Journey

by Donald Collins

  • Publisher : Stylus Publishing, LLC
  • Release : 2021-07-08
  • Pages : 160
  • ISBN : 1975503414
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Reflecting on Autoethnographic and Phenomenological Experiences: A Caregiver’s Journey is a unique critical qualitative inquiry study that uses the author’s experience as a caregiver to his wife suffering from dementia as the basis of a critical autoethnography. It explores components of positive caregiving that may be not only melancholic and empirical, but also emotionally painful. The book employs multiple approaches that include critical narrative, phenomenology, autoethnography and experiential writing. Through a phenomenological lens of an insider that includes self- and other-hood, marriage, career, fatherhood, suicide, despair, triple grief, loss, caregiving, cooking, housekeeping, advocating mind reading, and encouraging, a narrative illustrating self-reflection on particular experiences is constructed. These culminating experiences result in first-hand and didactical understandings by the caregiver. Individual, personal, and subjective interpretation of relational happenings are explored. Reflective journaling and observations of the seasons of marital life seek to understand if and how shared experiences transcend multiple contexts and help the reader understand experiences of dementia. Reflecting on Autoethnographic and Phenomenological Experiences: A Caregiver’s Journey is a volume that will be invaluable to qualitative inquiry researchers, autoethnographers, and those readers interested in the research of caregiving. Perfect for courses such as: Autoethnography | Advanced Qualitative Inquiry | Disability Studies | Educational Research | Research | Philosophy | Qualitative Research/Inquiry

Neuroimaging Findings in Sleep Disorders and Circadian Disruption

Neuroimaging Findings in Sleep Disorders and Circadian Disruption
A Book

by Xi-Jian Dai,Hengyi Rao,Kai Spiegelhalder

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2019-05-30
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 2889458598
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Each of us spends almost a third of our life asleep. Sleep is important for normal life processes including blood, metabolism, immune, endocrine, and brain activity. Neuroimaging studies of sleep disorders have not received as much attention as other psychiatric diseases. Here, we introduce some new findings in neuroimaging field of sleep disorders from five chapters in different aspects.

Circadian Rhythm Disorders , An Issue of Neurologic Clinics

Circadian Rhythm Disorders , An Issue of Neurologic Clinics
A Book

by Phyllis C. Zee

  • Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
  • Release : 2019-07-03
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 032368274X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This issue of Neurologic Clinics, guest edited by Dr. Phyllis C. Zee, with consulting editor Randolph W. Evans, will focus on Circadian Rhythm Disorders. Topics include, but are not limited to, Circadian biology, Genetic basis of circadian rhythms, Implication of circadian rhythm misalignment on sleep and health, Assessment of circadian rhythms, Circadian Rhythm sleep-wake phase disorders, Irregular sleep-wake rhythm sleep –wake disorder, Non-24 hour sleep-wake rhythm disorder, Shift Work Sleep Disorder, Challenging cases, and Future of circadian and sleep medicine.

Health Psychology in Australia

Health Psychology in Australia
A Book

by Jill Dorrian,Einar Thorsteinsson,Mirella Di Benedetto,Katrina Lane-Krebs,Melissa Day,Amanda Hutchinson,Kerry Sherman

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2017-02-14
  • Pages : 372
  • ISBN : 1316623955
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Health Psychology in Australia comprehensively explains the physiological, social and psychological factors that impact physical wellbeing.

Dietary Pattern and Health

Dietary Pattern and Health
Volume 2

by Zumin Shi

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2018-07-04
  • Pages : 318
  • ISBN : 3038425885
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Dietary Pattern and Health" that was published in Nutrients

Sleep Disorders Medicine

Sleep Disorders Medicine
Basic Science, Technical Considerations and Clinical Aspects

by Sudhansu Chokroverty

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-05-02
  • Pages : 1269
  • ISBN : 1493965786
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Since publication of the first edition in 1994, the second edition in 1999, and the third edition in 2009, many new advances in sleep medicine have been made and warrant a fourth edition. This comprehensive text features 19 additional chapters and covers basic science, technical and laboratory aspects and clinical and therapeutic advances in sleep medicine for beginners and seasoned practitioners. With the discovery of new entities, many new techniques and therapies, and evolving basic science understanding of sleep, Sleep Disorders Medicine, Fourth Edition brings old and new knowledge about sleep medicine together succinctly in one place for a deeper understanding of the topic. Neurologists, internists, family physicians, pediatricians, psychiatrists, psychologists, otolaryngologists, dentists, neurosurgeons, neuroscientists, intensivists, as well as those interested in advancing their knowledge in sleep and its disorders, will find this edition to be an invaluable resource to this bourgeoning field.

Obesity

Obesity
A Practical Guide

by Shamim I. Ahmad,Syed Khalid Imam

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-10-19
  • Pages : 362
  • ISBN : 3319198211
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book brings a comprehensive treatise about obesity, examining the measures that can be taken to stop and even reduce obesity if these right measures are taken in time. Recent studies show that obesity is on the increase at an alarming rate, especially in the industrialized and affluent countries. A number of reasons have been put forward for this increase, including life style choices, over-eating, over-use of commercially processed food, addiction for fast food, high caloric diet specially containing high levels of sugar and fat, lack of exercise and sedentary life style. Also genetic make up has been associated with obesity. Obesity can lead to a variety of lethal diseases, notably coronary heart disease, cancer and diabetes. These diseases account for the highest number of human death amongst all other causes. There are also a number of other side effects associated with obesity including increased stress, loss of intelligentsia, pancreatitis, premature birth and osteoarthritis. In recent years media have been playing important roles in highlighting the lethality and damage caused by obesity, nevertheless no significant effects can be seen in the population and obesity remains on the increase, especially amongst children. The editors believe that it is important that more education, campaign and research are used to stop this increasing disease.

Global Perspectives on Childhood Obesity

Global Perspectives on Childhood Obesity
Current Status, Consequences and Prevention

by Debasis Bagchi

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2019-02-06
  • Pages : 506
  • ISBN : 0128128410
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Global Perspectives on Childhood Obesity: Current Status, Consequences and Prevention, Second Edition examines the current childhood obesity epidemic, outlines the consequences of this crisis, and develops strategies to forestall and prevent it. This book provides a thorough investigation of the causes of childhood obesity and, more importantly, offers specific prevention strategies that can be used by medical and mental health professionals, policymakers, community organizers, and individuals. New chapters on BMI and cardiovascular disease, exercise, neurotransmitters, neurocognition, nutrigenomics and combined prevention strategies are included, making this a solid introduction on the childhood obesity crisis. Researchers, practitioners, and advanced students in public health, health policy, and health economics, as well those working in medicine, pharmacy, nutrition, school health, physiology, and neuroscience related to obesity will find this to be a comprehensive resource. Covers the multifaceted factors contributing to the rapidly growing childhood obesity epidemic Includes new chapters on BMI and cardiovascular disease, exercise, neurotransmitters, self-regulation, and prevention strategies Examines strategies for childhood obesity prevention and treatment, such as physical activity and exercise, personalized nutrition plans, and school and community involvement

Dietary Phytochemicals

Dietary Phytochemicals
A Source of Novel Bioactive Compounds for the Treatment of Obesity, Cancer and Diabetes

by Chukwuebuka Egbuna

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 3030729990
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sleisenger and Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease E-Book

Sleisenger and Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease E-Book
Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, Management

by Mark Feldman,Lawrence S. Friedman,Lawrence J. Brandt

  • Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
  • Release : 2015-01-01
  • Pages : 2616
  • ISBN : 1455749893
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Consult this title on your favorite e-reader. Get the essential gastroenterology information you need from one authoritative source with an outstanding global reputation for excellence. Zero in on the key information you need to know with a consistent, full-color chapter design. Stay up to date with emerging and challenging topics: enteric microbiota and probiotics; fecal microbiota transplantation; Clostridium difficile colitis; and factitious gastrointestinal diseases. Incorporate the latest findings and improvements in care for liver disease patients—from diagnosis and treatment through post-treatment strategies and management of complications. Expert Consult eBook version included with purchase. This enhanced eBook experience allows you to search all of the text, figures, references, and videos from the book on a variety of devices.

Nutrition and Diet in Maternal Diabetes

Nutrition and Diet in Maternal Diabetes
An Evidence-Based Approach

by Rajkumar Rajendram,Victor R. Preedy,Vinood B. Patel

  • Publisher : Humana Press
  • Release : 2017-10-10
  • Pages : 514
  • ISBN : 3319564404
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This comprehensive volume covers all aspects of nutrition in different scenarios of maternal diabetes, including the Type 1 or Type 2 diabetic mother, gestational diabetes, and postpartum diabetes. The volumes offer a comprehensive, yet thorough, overview of the subject, from the prevalence, risk factors, and insulin requirements of the mother; to possible outcomes and effects on the infant; to dietary advice in general and specific scenarios; and information on macro and micronutrient supplements. There is also a special section on international perspectives on maternal diabetes, with ten chapters that each focus on a different country. Nutrition and Diet in Maternal Diabetes: An Evidence-Based Approach offers an overview of the Type 1 and type 2 diabetic mother, maternal and offspring aspects of gestation diabetes, and breastfeeding and maternal gestational diabetes.​