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Molecular and Laser Spectroscopy

Molecular and Laser Spectroscopy
Advances and Applications: Volume 2

by V.P. Gupta,Yukihiro Ozaki

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-07-10
  • Pages : 704
  • ISBN : 0128188715
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Molecular and Laser Spectroscopy, Advances and Applications: Volume 2 gives students and researchers an up-to-date understanding of the fast-developing area of molecular and laser spectroscopy. This book covers basic principles and advances in several conventional as well as new and upcoming areas of molecular and laser spectroscopy, such as a wide range of applications in medical science, material science, standoff detection, defence and security, chemicals and pharmaceuticals, and environmental science. It covers the latest advancements, both in terms of techniques and applications, and highlights future projections. Editors V.P. Gupta and Yukihiro Ozaki have brought together eminent scientists in different areas of spectroscopy to develop specialized topics in conventional molecular spectroscopy (Cavity ringdown, Matrix Isolation, Intense THz, Far- and Deep- UV, Optogalvanic ), linear and nonlinear laser spectroscopy (Rayleigh & Raman Scattering), Ultrafast Time-resolved spectroscopy, and medical applications of molecular spectroscopy. and advanced material found in research articles. This new volume expands upon the topics covered in the first volume for scientists to learn the latest techniques and put them to practical use in their work. Covers several areas of spectroscopy research and expands upon topics covered in the first volume Includes exhaustive lists of research articles, reviews, and books at the end of each chapter to further learning objectives Uses illustrative examples of the varied applications to provide a practical guide to those interested in using molecular and laser spectroscopy tools in their research

Laser Spectroscopy

Laser Spectroscopy
Basic Concepts and Instrumentation

by Wolfgang Demtröder

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-06-29
  • Pages : 986
  • ISBN : 3662051559
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Keeping abreast of the latest techniques and applications, this new edition of the standard reference and graduate text on laser spectroscopy has been completely revised and expanded. While the general concept is unchanged, the new edition features a broad array of new material, e.g., frequency doubling in external cavities, reliable cw-parametric oscillators, tunable narrow-band UV sources, more sensitive detection techniques, tunable femtosecond and sub-femtosecond lasers (X-ray region and the attosecond range), control of atomic and molecular excitations, frequency combs able to synchronize independent femtosecond lasers, coherent matter waves, and still more applications in chemical analysis, medical diagnostics, and engineering.

Introduction to Laser Spectroscopy

Introduction to Laser Spectroscopy
A Book

by Halina Abramczyk

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2005-05-06
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN : 9780080455259
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Introduction to Laser Spectroscopy is a well-written, easy-to-read guide to understanding the fundamentals of lasers, experimental methods of modern laser spectroscopy and applications. It provides a solid grounding in the fundamentals of many aspects of laser physics, nonlinear optics, and molecular spectroscopy. In addition, by comprehensively combining theory and experimental techniques it explicates a variety of issues that are essential to understanding broad areas of physical, chemical and biological science. Topics include key laser types - gas, solid state, and semiconductor - as well as the rapidly evolving field of ultrashort laser phenomena for femtochemistry applications. The examples used are well researched and clearly presented. Introduction to Laser Spectroscopy is strongly recommended to newcomers as well as researchers in physics, engineering, chemistry and biology. * A comprehensive course that combines theory and practice * Includes a systematic and comprehensive description for key laser types * Written for students and professionals looking to gain a thorough understanding of modern laser spectroscopy

Laser Spectroscopy and its Applications

Laser Spectroscopy and its Applications
A Book

by Richard W. Solarz,Jeffrey A. Paisner

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 1986-09-29
  • Pages : 712
  • ISBN : 9780824775254
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Bringing together scattered literature from a range of sources, Laser Spectroscopy and Its Applications clearly elucidates the tools and concepts of this dynamic area, and provides extensive bibliographies for further study. Distinguished experts in their respective fields discuss resonance photoionization, laser absorption, laser-induced breakdown, photodissociation, Raman scattering, remote sensing, and laser-induced fluorescence. The book also incorporates an overview of the semiclassical theory of atomic and molecular spectra. Combining background at an intermediate level with an in-depth discussion of specific techniques, Laser Spectroscopy and Its Applications is essential reading for laser and optical scientists and engineers; analytical chemists; health physicists; researchers in optical, chemical, pharmaceutical, and metallurgical industries. It will also prove useful for upper-level undergraduate and graduate students of laser spectroscopy and its applications, and in-house seminars and short courses offered by firms and professional societies. Book jacket.

Laser Spectroscopy of Atoms and Molecules

Laser Spectroscopy of Atoms and Molecules
A Book

by H. Walther

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2006-01-21
  • Pages : 386
  • ISBN : 3540375651
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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With contributions by numerous experts

Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy

Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy
A Book

by Jagdish P. Singh,Surya Narayan Thakur

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-06-02
  • Pages : 620
  • ISBN : 0128188308
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy, Second Edition, covers the basic principles and latest developments in instrumentation and applications of Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS). Written by active experts in the field, it serves as a useful resource for analytical chemists and spectroscopists, as well as graduate students and researchers engaged in the fields of combustion, environmental science, and planetary and space exploration. This fully revised second edition includes several new chapters on new LIBS techniques as well as several new applications, including flame and off-gas measurement, pharmaceutical samples, defense applications, carbon sequestration and site monitoring, handheld instruments, and more. LIBS has rapidly developed into a major analytical technology with the capability of detecting all chemical elements in a sample, of real- time response, and of close-contact or stand-off analysis of targets. It does not require any sample preparation, unlike conventional spectroscopic analytical techniques. Samples in the form of solids, liquids, gels, gases, plasmas, and biological materials (like teeth, leaves, or blood) can be studied with almost equal ease. This comprehensive reference introduces the topic to readers in a simple, direct, and accessible manner for easy comprehension and maximum utility. Covers even more applications of LIBS beyond the first edition, including combustion, soil physics, environment, and life sciences Includes new chapters on LIBS techniques that have emerged in the last several years, including Femtosecond LIBS and Molecular LIBS Provides inspiration for future developments in this rapidly growing field in the concluding chapter

Laser Spectroscopy

Laser Spectroscopy
Techniques and Applications

by E. Roland Menzel

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 1994-09-01
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 9780824792657
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This work describes experimental techniques using laser spectroscopy and presents specific practical applications for this technology in many fields, including physics, engineering, chemistry, medicine and bioscience. The general spectroscopic features of molecules are delineated; transition metal and rare earth complexes are examined; and transition selection rules are explained.

Laser Spectroscopy and Laser Imaging

Laser Spectroscopy and Laser Imaging
An Introduction

by Helmut H. Telle,Ángel González Ureña

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-04-17
  • Pages : 722
  • ISBN : 1466588233
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"a very valuable book for graduate students and researchers in the field of Laser Spectroscopy, which I can fully recommend" —Wolfgang Demtröder, Kaiserslautern University of Technology How would it be possible to provide a coherent picture of this field given all the techniques available today? The authors have taken on this daunting task in this impressive, groundbreaking text. Readers will benefit from the broad overview of basic concepts, focusing on practical scientific and real-life applications of laser spectroscopic analysis and imaging. Chapters follow a consistent structure, beginning with a succinct summary of key principles and concepts, followed by an overview of applications, advantages and pitfalls, and finally a brief discussion of seminal advances and current developments. The examples used in this text span physics and chemistry to environmental science, biology, and medicine. Focuses on practical use in the laboratory and real-world applications Covers the basic concepts, common experimental setups Highlights advantages and caveats of the techniques Concludes each chapter with a snapshot of cutting-edge advances This book is appropriate for anyone in the physical sciences, biology, or medicine looking for an introduction to laser spectroscopic and imaging methodologies. Helmut H. Telle is a full professor at the Instituto Pluridisciplinar, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain. Ángel González Ureña is head of the Department of Molecular Beams and Lasers, Instituto Pluridisciplinar, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain.

Atomic, Molecular and Laser Physics

Atomic, Molecular and Laser Physics
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Krishna Prakashan Media
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Laser Spectroscopy for Sensing

Laser Spectroscopy for Sensing
Fundamentals, Techniques and Applications

by Matthieu Baudelet

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2014-02-15
  • Pages : 592
  • ISBN : 085709873X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Laser spectroscopy is a valuable tool for sensing and chemical analysis. Developments in lasers, detectors and mathematical analytical tools have led to improvements in the sensitivity and selectivity of spectroscopic techniques and extended their fields of application. Laser Spectroscopy for Sensing examines these advances and how laser spectroscopy can be used in a diverse range of industrial, medical, and environmental applications. Part one reviews basic concepts of atomic and molecular processes and presents the fundamentals of laser technology for controlling the spectral and temporal aspects of laser excitation. In addition, it explains the selectivity, sensitivity, and stability of the measurements, the construction of databases, and the automation of data analysis by machine learning. Part two explores laser spectroscopy techniques, including cavity-based absorption spectroscopy and the use of photo-acoustic spectroscopy to acquire absorption spectra of gases and condensed media. These chapters discuss imaging methods using laser-induced fluorescence and phosphorescence spectroscopies before focusing on light detection and ranging, photothermal spectroscopy and terahertz spectroscopy. Part three covers a variety of applications of these techniques, particularly the detection of chemical, biological, and explosive threats, as well as their use in medicine and forensic science. Finally, the book examines spectroscopic analysis of industrial materials and their applications in nuclear research and industry. The text provides readers with a broad overview of the techniques and applications of laser spectroscopy for sensing. It is of great interest to laser scientists and engineers, as well as professionals using lasers for medical applications, environmental applications, military applications, and material processing. Presents the fundamentals of laser technology for controlling the spectral and temporal aspects of laser excitation Explores laser spectroscopy techniques, including cavity-based absorption spectroscopy and the use of photo-acoustic spectroscopy to acquire absorption spectra of gases and condensed media Considers spectroscopic analysis of industrial materials and their applications in nuclear research and industry

Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy

Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy
Basic Aspects and Practical Applications

by Sune Svanberg

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 407
  • ISBN : 3642973981
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A wide-ranging review of modern techniques in atomic and molecular spectroscopy. A brief description of atomic and molecular structure is followed by the relevant energy structure expressions. A discussion of radiative properties and the origin of spectra leads into coverage of X-ray and photoelectron spectroscopy, optical spectroscopy, and radiofrequency and microwave techniques. The treatment of laser spectroscopy investigates various tunable sources and a wide range of techniques characterized by high sensitivity and high resolution. Throughout this book, the relation between fundamental and applied aspects is shown, in particular by descriptions of applications to chemical analysis, photochemistry, surface characterisation, environmental and medical diagnostics, remote sensing and astrophysics.

Femtosecond Laser Spectroscopy

Femtosecond Laser Spectroscopy
A Book

by Peter Hannaford

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2004-10-29
  • Pages : 334
  • ISBN : 9780387232935
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The embryonic development of femtoscience stems from advances made in the generation of ultrashort laser pulses. Beginning with mode-locking of glass lasers in the 1960s, the development of dye lasers brought the pulse width down from picoseconds to femtoseconds. The breakthrough in solid state laser pulse generation provided the current reliable table-top laser systems capable of average power of about 1 watt, and peak power density of easily watts per square centimeter, with pulse widths in the range of four to eight femtoseconds. Pulses with peak power density reaching watts per square centimeter have been achieved in laboratory settings and, more recently, pulses of sub-femtosecond duration have been successfully generated. As concepts and methodologies have evolved over the past two decades, the realm of ultrafast science has become vast and exciting and has impacted many areas of chemistry, biology and physics, and other fields such as materials science, electrical engineering, and optical communication. In molecular science the explosive growth of this research is for fundamental reasons. In femtochemistry and femtobiology chemical bonds form and break on the femtosecond time scale, and on this scale of time we can freeze the transition states at configurations never before seen. Even for n- reactive physical changes one is observing the most elementary of molecular processes. On a time scale shorter than the vibrational and rotational periods the ensemble behaves coherently as a single-molecule trajectory.

Analytical Laser Spectroscopy

Analytical Laser Spectroscopy
A Book

by S. Martellucci

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 290
  • ISBN : 1461324416
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume contains the Proceedings of a two-week NATO A.S.I. on "Analytical Laser Spectroscopy", held from September 23 to October 3, 1982 in Erice, Italy. This is the 9th annual course of Inter national School of Quantum Electronics organized under the auspices of the "E. Majorana" Center for Scientific Culture. The Advanced Study Institute has been devoted to the analytical applications of lasers in spectroscopy. Atomic and molecular spec troscopy is one of the research fields in which the use of lasers has had a dramatic impact. New spectral information, difficult or impos sible to gather by classical spectroscopy, extremely high resolution spectroscopy of atoms and molecules made possible by the overcoming of the Doppler effect, selective excitation and detection of single atomic and molecular quantum states are just few typical examples of how laser sources have revolutionized the field, offering challenging problems of both fundamental and applied nature. Among the possible approaches to a course on Analytical Laser Spectroscopy, the one which emphasizes the scientific and technologi cal aspects of the advanced laser techniques when applied to chemical analysis has been chosen. In fact, it reflects the new policy of the School to stress the advanced scientific and technological achieve ments in the field of Quantum Electronics. Accordingly, the course has given the broadest information on the ultimate performances of analytical laser spectroscopy techniques and the perspectives of their applications.

Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy

Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy
Basic Aspects and Practical Applications

by Sune Svanberg

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 580
  • ISBN : 3642185207
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A wide-ranging review of modern spectroscopic techniques such as X-ray, photoelectron, optical and laser spectroscopy, and radiofrequency and microwave techniques. On the fundamental side the book focuses on physical principles and the impact of spectroscopy on our understanding of the building blocks of matter, while in the area of applications particular attention is given to those in chemical analysis, photochemistry, surface characterisation, environmental and medical diagnostics, remote sensing and astrophyscis. The Fourth Edition also provides the reader with an update on laser cooling and trapping, Bose-Einstein condensation, ultra-fast spectroscopy, high-power laser/matter interaction, satellite-based astronomy and spectroscopic aspects of laser medicine.

ATOM, LASER AND SPECTROSCOPY

ATOM, LASER AND SPECTROSCOPY
A Book

by S. N. THAKUR,D. K. RAI

  • Publisher : PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
  • Release : 2013-08-21
  • Pages : 392
  • ISBN : 812034832X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Experimental spectroscopic techniques, especially those involving lasers, have wide-ranging applications in the fields of physics, medicine, electronics, and chemistry. Keeping in mind the importance of spectroscopic detection and characterization of atomic and molecular species, this book, now in its Second Edition, is updated. It deals with both the conventional and modern experimental techniques related to atoms, spectroscopy and lasers. It discusses the recent innovations, types and operating principles of lasers and laser systems. A section on Fiber Laser has been added in the new edition of the book. Recent developments in planetary detection of atoms and molecules by Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) has prompted the inclusion of a section on LIBS on planet Mars along with its applications. Primarily intended as a text for undergraduate and postgraduate students of Physics in various Indian universities, this uptodate book would be immensely useful also for both undergraduate and postgraduate students in Chemistry, Astrophysics, Metallurgy and Material Science, and Geology and Mining. Key Features Coverage is quite extensive to cater to students of most Indian universities—with detailed discussions on atoms, spectroscopy and lasers. Gives special emphasis on modern aspects of spectroscopy such as laser cooling of atoms. Contains more than 140 diagrams to illustrate the concepts better.

Laser Spectroscopy

Laser Spectroscopy
Basic Concepts and Instrumentation

by Wolfgang Demtröder

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-06-29
  • Pages : 696
  • ISBN : 3662082578
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The impact of lasers on spectroscopy can hardly be overestimated. Lasers re present intense light sources with spectral energy densities which may exceed those of i ncoheren t sources by severa 1 orders of magnitude. Furthermore be cause of their extremely small bandwidth, single-mode lasers allow a spectral resolution which far exceeds that of conventional spectrometers. Many experi ments which could not be done before the application of lasers because of lack of intensity or insufficient resol ution are readily performed wi th lasers. Now several thousands of laser lines are known which span the whole spec tral range from the vacuum-ultraviolet to the far-infrared region. Of parti cular interest are the continuously tunable lasers which may in many cases replace wavelength-selecting elements, such as spectrometers or interferome ters. In combination with optical frequency mixing, techniques such conti nuously tunable monochromatic coherent light sources are available at nearly any desired wavelength above 100 nm.

Laser Spectroscopy 2

Laser Spectroscopy 2
Experimental Techniques

by Wolfgang Demtröder

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-01-07
  • Pages : 759
  • ISBN : 3662446413
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Keeping abreast of the latest techniques and applications, this new edition of the standard reference and graduate text on laser spectroscopy has been completely revised and expanded. While the general concept is unchanged, the new edition features a broad array of new material, e.g., ultrafast lasers (atto- and femto-second lasers), coherent matter waves, Doppler-free Fourier spectroscopy, interference spectroscopy, quantum optics and gravitational waves and still more applications in chemical analysis, medical diagnostics, and engineering.

Modern Spectroscopy

Modern Spectroscopy
A Book

by J. Michael Hollas

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2004-04-21
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN : 0470094710
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The latest edition of this highly acclaimed title introduces the reader to a wide range of spectroscopies, and includes both the background theory and applications to structure determination and chemical analysis. It covers rotational, vibrational, electronic, photoelectron and Auger spectroscopy, as well as EXAFs and the theory of lasers and laser spectroscopy. A revised and updated edition of a successful, clearly written book Includes the latest developments in modern laser techniques, such as cavity ring-down spectroscopy and femtosecond lasers Provides numerous worked examples, calculations and questions at the end of chapters

An Introduction to Laser Spectroscopy

An Introduction to Laser Spectroscopy
Second Edition

by David L. Andrews,Andrey A. Demidov

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 375
  • ISBN : 1461507278
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In the new edition the editors have preserved the basic concept and structure, with the involvement of some new authors - all recognized experts in laser spectroscopy. Each chapter addresses a different technique, providing a review and analysis of the current status, and reporting some of the latest achievements. With the key formulas and methods detailed in many sections, this text represents a practicable handbook of its subject. It will be a valuable tool both for specialists to keep abreast of developments and for newcomers to the field needing an accessible introduction to specific methods of laser spectroscopy - and also as a resource for primary references.

Frontiers of Molecular Spectroscopy

Frontiers of Molecular Spectroscopy
A Book

by Jaan Laane

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2011-08-11
  • Pages : 740
  • ISBN : 9780080932378
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Much of what we know about atoms, molecules, and the nature of matter has been obtained using spectroscopy over the last one hundred years or so. In this book we have collected together twenty chapters by eminent scientists from around the world to describe their work at the cutting edge of molecular spectroscopy. These chapters describe new methodology and applications, instrumental developments, and theory which is taking spectroscopy into new frontiers. The range of topics is broad. Lasers are utilized in much of the research, but their applications range from sub-femtosecond spectroscopy to the study of viruses and also to the investigation of art and archeological artifacts. Three chapters discuss work on biological systems and three others represent laser physics. The recent advances in cavity ringdown spectroscopy (CRDS), surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS), two-dimensional correlation spectroscopy (2D-COS), and microwave techniques are all covered. Chapters on electronic excited states, molecular dynamics, symmetry applications, and neutron scattering are also included and demonstrate the wide utility of spectroscopic techniques. * provides comprehensive coverage of present spectroscopic investigations * features 20 chapters written by leading researchers in the field * covers the important role of molecular spectroscopy in research concerned with chemistry, physics, and biology