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Molecular Aspects of Plant Beneficial Microbes in Agriculture

Molecular Aspects of Plant Beneficial Microbes in Agriculture
A Book

by Vivek Sharma,Richa Salwan,Laith Khalil Tawfeeq Al-Ani

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-03-10
  • Pages : 454
  • ISBN : 0128184701
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Molecular Aspects of Plant Beneficial Microbes in Agriculture explores their diverse interactions, including the pathogenic and symbiotic relationship which leads to either a decrease or increase in crop productivity. Focusing on these environmentally-friendly approaches, the book explores their potential in changing climatic conditions. It presents the exploration and regulation of beneficial microbes in offering sustainable and alternative solutions to the use of chemicals in agriculture. The beneficial microbes presented here are capable of contributing to nutrient balance, growth regulators, suppressing pathogens, orchestrating immune response and improving crop performance. The book also offers insights into the advancements in DNA technology and bioinformatic approaches which have provided in-depth knowledge about the molecular arsenal involved in mineral uptake, nitrogen fixation, growth promotion and biocontrol attributes. Covers the molecular attributes of biocontrol, PGPR and mycorrhizal associations involved in the three-way interaction between beneficial microbes-host-pathogen Explores the role of technological interventions in exploring molecular mechanisms Provides detailed and comprehensive insights about recent trends in the use of microbial genetic engineering for agricultural application

Principles of Plant-Microbe Interactions

Principles of Plant-Microbe Interactions
Microbes for Sustainable Agriculture

by Ben Lugtenberg

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2014-12-04
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN : 3319085751
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The use of microbial plant protection products is growing and their importance will strongly increase due to political and public pressure. World population is growing and the amount of food needed by 2050 will be double of what is produced now whereas the area of agricultural land is decreasing. We must increase crop yield in a sustainable way. Chemical plant growth promoters must be replaced by microbiological products. Also here, the use of microbial products is growing and their importance will strongly increase. A growing area of agricultural land is salinated. Global warming will increase this process. Plants growth is inhibited by salt or even made impossible and farmers tend to disuse the most salinated lands. Microbes have been very successfully used to alleviate salt stress of plants. Chemical pollution of land can make plant growth difficult and crops grown are often polluted and not suitable for consumption. Microbes have been used to degrade these chemical pollutants.

New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering

New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Trends of Microbial Biotechnology for Sustainable Agriculture and Biomedicine Systems: Diversity and Functional Perspectives

by Ali Asghar Rastegari,Ajar Nath Yadav,Neelam Yadav

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-05-16
  • Pages : 366
  • ISBN : 012820527X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering: Trends of Microbial Biotechnology for Sustainable Agriculture and Biomedicine Systems: Diversity and Functional Perspectives describes how specific techniques can be used to generalize the metabolism of bacteria that optimize biologic improvement strategies and bio-transport processes. Microbial biotechnology focuses on microbes of agricultural, environmental, industrial, and clinical significance. This volume discusses several methods based on molecular genetics, systems, and biology of synthetic, genomic, proteomic, and metagenomics. Recent developments in our understanding of the role of microbes in sustainable agriculture and biotechnology have created a highly potential research area. The soil and plant microbiomes have a significant role in plant growth promotion, crop yield, soil health and fertility for sustainable developments. The microbes provide nutrients and stimulate plant growth through different mechanisms, including solubilization of phosphorus, potassium, and zinc; biological nitrogen fixation; production of siderophore, ammonia, HCN and other secondary metabolites which are antagonistic against pathogenic microbes. This new book provides an indispensable reference source for engineers/bioengineers, biochemists, biotechnologists, microbiologists, agrochemists, and researchers who want to know about the unique properties of this microbe and explore its sustainable agriculture future applications. Introduces the principles of microbial biotechnology and its application in plant growth and soil health for sustainable agriculture Explores various plant microbiomes and their beneficial impact on plant growth for crop improvement Explains the mechanisms of plant-microbe interaction and plant growth promotion Includes current applications of microbial consortium for enhance production of crop in eco-friendly manners

Physiological and Biotechnological Aspects of Extremophiles

Physiological and Biotechnological Aspects of Extremophiles
A Book

by Richa Salwan,Vivek Sharma

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-06-04
  • Pages : 386
  • ISBN : 0128183233
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Physiological and Biotechnological Aspects of Extremophiles highlights the current and topical areas of research in this rapidly growing field. Expert authors from around the world provide the latest insights into the mechanisms of these fascinating organisms use to survive. The vast majority of extremophiles are microbes which include archaea, bacteria and some eukaryotes. These microbes live under chemical and physical extremes that are usually lethal to cellular molecules, yet they manage to survive and even thrive. Extremophiles have important practical uses. They are a valuable source of industrially important enzymes and recent research has revealed novel mechanisms and biomolecular structures with a broad range of potential applications in biotechnology, biomining, and bioremediation. Aimed at research scientists, students, microbiologists, and biotechnologists, this book is an essential reading for scientists working with extremophiles and a recommended reference text for anyone interested in the microbiology, bioprospecting, biomining, biofuels, and extremozymes of these organisms. Shows the implications of the physiological adaptations of microbes from extreme habitats that are largely contributed by their biomolecules from basic to applied research Provides in-depth knowledge of genomic plasticity and proteome of different extremophiles Gives detailed and comprehensive insight about use of genetic engineering as well as genome editing for industrial applications

Biocontrol Agents and Secondary Metabolites

Biocontrol Agents and Secondary Metabolites
Applications and Immunization for Plant Growth and Protection

by Sudisha Jogaiah

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2020-12-01
  • Pages : 726
  • ISBN : 0128230940
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biocontrol and Secondary Metabolites: Applications and Immunization for Plant Growth and Protection covers established and updated research on emerging trends in plant defense signaling in, and during, stress phases. Other topics cover growth at interface as a sustainable way of life and the context of human welfare and conservation of fungi as a group of organisms. Further, the book explores induced systemic resistance using biocontrol agents and/or secondary metabolites as a milestone for sustainable agricultural production, thus providing opportunities for the minimization or elimination of the use of fungicides. Presents an overview on mechanisms by which plants protect themselves against herbivory and pathogenic microbes Identifies the use of immunization as a popular and effective alternative to chemical pesticides Explores how these fungi help crop plants in better uptake of soil nutrients, increase soil fertility, produce growth promoting substances, and secrete metabolites that act as bio-pesticides

Microbial Endophytes

Microbial Endophytes
Functional Biology and Applications

by Dr. Ajay Kumar,Radhakrishnan E.K

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2020-03-05
  • Pages : 418
  • ISBN : 012822665X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Microbial Endophytes: Functional Biology and Applications focuses on endophytic bacteria and fungi, including information on foundational endophytes and the latest advances in relevant genomics, proteomics and nanotechnological aspects. The book provides insights into the molecular aspects of plant endophytes and their interactions and applications, also exploring the potential commercialization of endophytic microorganisms and their use as bio fertilizers, in biocontrol, and as bioactive compounds for other sustainable applications. Coverage of important and emerging legal considerations relevant to those working to implement these important bacteria in production processes is also included. Presents discussion on entry, colonization and the distribution of endophytic microorganisms Explores the phyto immunological functions of endophytic microorganisms Provides genomic insights on plant endophyte interaction Identifies bio-commercial aspects of microbial endophytes for sustainable agriculture, including potential legal issues and IPR in microbial research

Recent Trends in Mycological Research

Recent Trends in Mycological Research
Volume 1: Agricultural and Medical Perspective

by Ajar Nath Yadav

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 3030606597
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Beneficial Microbes in Agro-Ecology

Beneficial Microbes in Agro-Ecology
Bacteria and Fungi

by N. Amaresan,M. Senthil Kumar,K. Annapurna,Krishna Kumar,A. Sankaranarayanan

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-05-14
  • Pages : 932
  • ISBN : 0128235586
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Beneficial Microbes in Agro-Ecology: Bacteria and Fungi is a complete resource on the agriculturally important beneficial microflora used in agricultural production technologies. Included are 30 different bacterial genera relevant in the sustainability, mechanisms, and beneficial natural processes that enhance soil fertility and plant growth. The second part of the book discusses 23 fungal genera used in agriculture for the management of plant diseases and plant growth promotion. Covering a wide range of bacteria and fungi on biocontrol and plant growth promoting properties, the book will help researchers, academics and advanced students in agro-ecology, plant microbiology, pathology, entomology, and nematology. Presents a comprehensive collection of agriculturally important bacteria and fungi Provides foundational knowledge of each core organism utilized in agro-ecology Identifies the genera of agriculturally important microorganisms

Recent Advancement in Microbial Biotechnology

Recent Advancement in Microbial Biotechnology
Agricultural and Industrial Approach

by Surajit De Mandal,Ajit Kumar Passari

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-08-27
  • Pages : 478
  • ISBN : 0128232617
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The rapid increase in microbial resources along with the development of biotechnological methods has revolutionized the field of microbial biotechnology. Genome characterization methods and metagenomic approaches further illustrate the role of microorganisms in various fields of research. Recent Advancement in Microbial Biotechnology: Agricultural and Industrial Approach provides an overview on the recent application of the microorganisms in agricultural and industrial improvements. The purpose of this book is to integrate all these diverse areas of research in a common platform. Recent advancement in Microbial Biotechnology targets researchers from both academia and industry, professors and graduate students working in molecular biology, microbiology and biotechnology. Gives insight in the exploration of microbial functional diversity in different systems Highlights important microbes and their role in enhancing agricultural productivity Provides understanding to the basics with advance information of microbial biotechnology Explores the importance of microbial genomes studies in agricultural and industrial applications

Climate Change and the Microbiome

Climate Change and the Microbiome
Sustenance of the Ecosphere

by D. K. Choudhary

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 3030768635
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Food Security and Plant Disease Management

Food Security and Plant Disease Management
A Book

by Ajay Kumar,Samir Droby

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2020-11-20
  • Pages : 482
  • ISBN : 012821855X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Food Security and Plant Disease Management offers a comprehensive exploration of biocontrol, the latest technologies being used in plant health assurance, and resulting impacts on crop production and food security. Discussing both theoretical and practical topics, the book examines basic and advanced applications of biosensor and nano-technologies, introduces plant disease, including modes of action and their transmission in host plants, then covers factors contributing to plant disease and various means of addressing those diseases. This volume is part of the Microorganisms in Agriculture and the Environment series and provides important information for developing new effective plant protection practices. The direct or indirect applications of beneficial microbes in the treatment of plant disease is termed “microbial control” and these methods have increasingly been identified as important options for plant health management. The beneficial microbes as well as recent omic and nano-technologies also reveal important mechanisms that can be utilized in disease management strategies. Explores the impact of climate change on plant diseases and new methods of resolution Includes information on gene expression during crop disease management Presents insights into the legal and commercial aspects of microbial control

Microbial Services in Restoration Ecology

Microbial Services in Restoration Ecology
A Book

by Jay Shankar Singh,Shobhit Raj Vimal

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-04-21
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 0128204273
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Microbial Services in Restoration Ecology describes the role of microbial resources and their beneficial services in soil fertility and restoration of degraded ecosystems. The role of microbial interactions with crop plants which benefit agricultural productivity is also discussed. The book also includes significant advances in microbial based bio-pesticide production and strategies for high-density bio-inoculant cultivation to improve stress survivability of crop plants. This work provides next-generation molecular technologies for exploring complex microbial secondary metabolites and metabolic regulation in viability of plant–microbe interactions. Describes the role of microbial resources and their beneficial services in soil fertility and restoration of degraded ecosystems Discusses the role of microbial interactions with crop plants and how it benefits of agricultural productivity Includes significant advances in microbial based bio-pesticide production and strategies for high-density bio-inoculant cultivation to improve stress survivability of crop plants provides next-generation molecular technologies for exploring complex microbial secondary metabolites and metabolic regulation in viability of plant–microbe interactions

Emerging Trends in Plant Pathology

Emerging Trends in Plant Pathology
A Book

by Krishna P. Singh

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 981156275X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advances in Molecular Genetics of Plant-Microbe Interactions

Advances in Molecular Genetics of Plant-Microbe Interactions
A Book

by Hauke Hennecke,Deshpal S. Verma

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2010-12-18
  • Pages : 483
  • ISBN : 9789048140831
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Research on the interaction between plants and microbes has attracted considerable attention in recent years. The use of modem genetic techniques has now made possible a detailed analysis both of plant and of microbial genes involved in phytopathogenic and beneficial interactions. At the biochemical level, signal molecules and their receptors, either of plant or of microbial origins, have been detected which act in signal transduction pathways or as co-regulators of gene expression. We begin to understand the molecular basis of classical concepts such as gene-for-gene relationships, hypersensitive response, induced resistance, to name just a few. We realize, and will soon exploit, the tremendous potential of the results of this research for practical application, in particular to protect crop plants against diseases and to increase crop yield and quality. This exclung field of research, which is also of truly interdisciplinary nature, is expanding rapidly. A Symposium series has been devoted to it which began in 1982. Recently, the 5th International Symposium on the Molecular Genetics of Plant-Microbe Interactions was held in Interlaken, Switzerland. It brought together 640 scientists from almost 30 different countries who reported their latest research progress in 47 lectures, 10 short oral presentations, and on over 400 high-quality posters. This book presents a collection of papers that comprehensively reflect the major areas under study, explain novel experimental approaches currently in use, highlight significant advances made over the last one or two years but also emphasize the obstacles still ahead of us.

New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering

New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Phytomicrobiome for Sustainable Agriculture

by Jay Prakash Verma,Catriona Macdonald,Vijai Kumar Gupta,Appa Rao Podile

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-09-02
  • Pages : 236
  • ISBN : 0444643265
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering: Phytomicrobiome for Sustainable Agriculture provides a comprehensive overview of the phytomicrobiome and a holistic approach for its various mechanisms, including plant growth, nutrient content, crop yield improvement, soil fertility, and health management. This book explores the genus- and species-specific endophytic microbes for developing an efficient indigenous microbial consortium for enhancing the productivity of sustainable agriculture. An essential resource for students, researchers, and scientists in the fields of biotechnology, microbiology, agronomy, and the plant protection sciences, New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering: Phytomicrobiome for Sustainable Agriculture highlights the plant growth-promoting activities of the phytomicrobiome and focuses on both its basic and applied aspects and the significant role they play in plant protection. Emphasizes up-to-date research on sustainability, proteomics and genomics, and functional and molecular mechanisms of plant-microbe-soil interactions Covers multidisciplinary features of plant microbiology, plant physiology, soil science, and sustainable agriculture Includes the significance of microbial secondary metabolites for enhancing plant growth attributes Focuses on the most recent developments in biotechnology to enhance the action of the phytomicrobiome as an alternative to chemical fertilizers for agriculture and forestry

Biological Nitrogen Fixation and Beneficial Plant-Microbe Interaction

Biological Nitrogen Fixation and Beneficial Plant-Microbe Interaction
A Book

by Fernando González-Andrés,Euan James

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-06-02
  • Pages : 249
  • ISBN : 3319325280
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book covers the most recent advances in all the topics with which researchers and professionals need to be familiar in order to obtain a better understanding of, and to better exploit, beneficial plant-microbe interactions. The use of microorganisms for agriculture and environmental applications is gaining importance worldwide to improve crop performance, but also for other environmental applications, such as bioremediation in chemically polluted soils. The search for an equilibrium between fundamental and applied aspects makes this book useful for professionals at various levels in the value chain of the “microbial biofertilizers”. Challenges of comercializing biofertilizers involve efficiency of the products and safety for human health and the environment, topics that have paid central attention in this book. Students, scientists and biofertilizers developers will find updated and comprehensive information about the different aspects to be considered to address a successful introduction of biofertilizers in sustainable agriculture and environmental actions.

Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology

Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology
A Book

by Mohammad Pessarakli

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2021-07-13
  • Pages : 1200
  • ISBN : 1000373045
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Continuous discoveries in plant and crop physiology have resulted in an abundance of new information since the publication of the third edition of the Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology. Following its predecessors, the fourth edition of this well-regarded handbook offers a unique, comprehensive, and complete collection of topics in the field of plant and crop physiology. Divided into eleven sections, for easy access of information, this edition contains more than 90 percent new material, substantial revisions, and two new sections. The handbook covers the physiology of plant and crop growth and development, cellular and molecular aspects, plant genetics and production processes. The book presents findings on plant and crop growth in response to climatic changes, and considers the potential for plants and crops adaptation, exploring the biotechnological aspects of plant and crop improvement. This content is used to plan, implement, and evaluate strategies for increasing plant growth and crop yield. Readers benefit from numerous tables, figures, case studies and illustrations, as well as thousands of index words, all of which increase the accessibility of the information contained in this important handbook. New to the Edition: Contains 37 new chapters and 13 extensively revised and expanded chapters from the third edition of this book. Includes new or modified sections on soil-plant-water-nutrients-microorganisms physiological relations; and on plant growth regulators, both promoters and inhibitors. Additional new and modified chapters cover the physiological responses of lower plants and vascular plants and crops to metal-based nanoparticles and agrichemicals; and the growth responses of plants and crops to climate change and environmental stresses. With contributions from 95 scientists from 20 countries, this book provides a comprehensive resource for research and for university courses, covering plant and crop physiological responses under normal and stressful conditions ranging from cellular aspects to whole plants.

Omics Science for Rhizosphere Biology

Omics Science for Rhizosphere Biology
A Book

by Ramesh Namdeo Pudake,Binod Bihari Sahu,Maya Kumari,Anil K. Sharma

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021-05-08
  • Pages : 279
  • ISBN : 981160889X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents a timely review of the latest advances in rhizosphere biology, which have been facilitated by the application of omics tools. It includes chapters on the use of various omics tools in rhizosphere biology, focusing on understanding plant and soil microbe interactions. The role of proteomics and metagenomics in research on symbiotic association is also discussed in detail. The book also includes chapters on the use of omics tools for the isolation of functional biomolecules from rhizospheric microorganisms. The book’s respective sections describe and provide detailed information on important omics tools, such as genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics and meta-epigenomics. In turn, the book promotes and describes the combined use of plant biology, microbial ecology, and soil sciences to design new research strategies and innovative methods in soil biology. Lastly, it highlights the considerable potential of the rhizosphere in terms of crop productivity, bioremediation, ecological engineering, plant nutrition and health, as well as plant adaptation to stress conditions. This book offers both a practical guide and reference source for all scientists working in soil biology, plant pathology, etc. It will also benefit students studying soil microbiology, and researchers studying rhizosphere structure.

Microbes

Microbes
Concepts and Applications

by Prakash S. Bisen,Mousumi Debnath,G. B. Prasad

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2012-06-22
  • Pages : 716
  • ISBN : 1118311892
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An accessible introduction to the world of microbes—frombasic microbe biology through industrial applications Microbes affect our lives in a variety of ways—playing animportant role in our health, food, agriculture, and environment.While some microbes are beneficial, others are pathogenic oropportunistic. Microbes: Concepts and Applications describes basicmicrobe biology and identification and shows not only how theyoperate in the subfields of medicine, biotechnology, environmentalscience, bioengineering, agriculture, and food science, but howthey can be harnessed as a resource. It provides readers with asolid grasp of etiologic agents, pathogenic processes,epidemiology, and the role of microbes as therapeutic agents. Placing a major emphasis on omics technology, the book coversrecent developments in the arena of microbes and discusses theirrole in industry and agriculture, as well as in related fields suchas immunology, cell biology, and molecular biology. It offerscomplete discussions of the major bacterial, viral, fungal, andparasitic pathogens; includes information on emerging infectiousdiseases, antibiotic resistance, and bioterrorism; and talks aboutthe future challenges in microbiology. The most complete treatment of microbial biology available,Microbes features eye-opening chapters on: Human and Microbial World Gene Technology: Application and Techniques Molecular Diagnostic and Medical Microbiology Identification and Classification of Microbes Diversity of Microorganisms Microbes in Agriculture Microbes as a Tool for Industry and Research Complete with charts and figures, this book is an invaluabletextbook for university teachers, students, researchers, and peopleeverywhere who care about microorganisms.

Beneficial Microbes Alleviate Climatic Stresses in Plants

Beneficial Microbes Alleviate Climatic Stresses in Plants
A Book

by Ying Ma,Miroslav Vosátka, Helena Freitas

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2019-07-30
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 2889459241
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This Research Topic addresses the mechanisms by which beneficial soil microbes, such as fungi and bacteria, protect their host plant from ‘climatic stresses’ that are increasing due to climate change. We will highlight 1) recent progress in fundamental research, 2) applied studies aimed at promoting sustainable agriculture and environmental remediation, and 3) emerging biotechnologies that promote crop adaptation to climate change. Plants respond to various climatic stresses such as drought, salinity, elevated CO2, and extreme temperatures. These responses induce changes at the molecular, cellular, and physiological levels that restrict the establishment, growth, and development of the plant. Understanding these changes has become an important research goal due to concerns about the adverse effects of climatic stresses on agriculture sustainability, global food security, and even plant-based remediation technologies. Some beneficial soil microorganisms, such as arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and plant growth promoting bacteria, are able to protect and promote the growth of their host plants by acting as bioprotectants (via induced systemic resistance), biopesticides (via antibiotic functions) and phytostimulators (via triggering hormonal signaling networks). Plant adaptation to various climatic stresses is dynamic and involves complex cross-talk within the regulatory network (e.g. transcription factors, kinase cascades, and signaling molecules). However, the detailed molecular, cellular and physiological mechanisms underlying plant–beneficial microbe interactions in climatic stress adaptation remain largely unknown.