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Molecular Beam Epitaxy

Molecular Beam Epitaxy
From Research to Mass Production

by Mohamed Henini

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2018-06-27
  • Pages : 788
  • ISBN : 0128121378
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Molecular Beam Epitaxy (MBE): From Research to Mass Production, Second Edition, provides a comprehensive overview of the latest MBE research and applications in epitaxial growth, along with a detailed discussion and ‘how to’ on processing molecular or atomic beams that occur on the surface of a heated crystalline substrate in a vacuum. The techniques addressed in the book can be deployed wherever precise thin-film devices with enhanced and unique properties for computing, optics or photonics are required. It includes new semiconductor materials, new device structures that are commercially available, and many that are at the advanced research stage. This second edition covers the advances made by MBE, both in research and in the mass production of electronic and optoelectronic devices. Enhancements include new chapters on MBE growth of 2D materials, Si-Ge materials, AIN and GaN materials, and hybrid ferromagnet and semiconductor structures. Condenses the fundamental science of MBE into a modern reference, speeding up literature review Discusses new materials, novel applications and new device structures, grounding current commercial applications with modern understanding in industry and research Includes coverage of MBE as mass production epitaxial technology and how it enhances processing efficiency and throughput for the semiconductor industry and nanostructured semiconductor materials research community

Molecular Beam Epitaxy

Molecular Beam Epitaxy
Materials and Applications for Electronics and Optoelectronics

by Hajime Asahi,Yoshiji Horikoshi

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2019-02-01
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN : 1119355028
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Covers both the fundamentals and the state-of-the-art technology used for MBE Written by expert researchers working on the frontlines of the field, this book covers fundamentals of Molecular Beam Epitaxy (MBE) technology and science, as well as state-of-the-art MBE technology for electronic and optoelectronic device applications. MBE applications to magnetic semiconductor materials are also included for future magnetic and spintronic device applications. Molecular Beam Epitaxy: Materials and Applications for Electronics and Optoelectronics is presented in five parts: Fundamentals of MBE; MBE technology for electronic devices application; MBE for optoelectronic devices; Magnetic semiconductors and spintronics devices; and Challenge of MBE to new materials and new researches. The book offers chapters covering the history of MBE; principles of MBE and fundamental mechanism of MBE growth; migration enhanced epitaxy and its application; quantum dot formation and selective area growth by MBE; MBE of III-nitride semiconductors for electronic devices; MBE for Tunnel-FETs; applications of III-V semiconductor quantum dots in optoelectronic devices; MBE of III-V and III-nitride heterostructures for optoelectronic devices with emission wavelengths from THz to ultraviolet; MBE of III-V semiconductors for mid-infrared photodetectors and solar cells; dilute magnetic semiconductor materials and ferromagnet/semiconductor heterostructures and their application to spintronic devices; applications of bismuth-containing III–V semiconductors in devices; MBE growth and device applications of Ga2O3; Heterovalent semiconductor structures and their device applications; and more. Includes chapters on the fundamentals of MBE Covers new challenging researches in MBE and new technologies Edited by two pioneers in the field of MBE with contributions from well-known MBE authors including three Al Cho MBE Award winners Part of the Materials for Electronic and Optoelectronic Applications series Molecular Beam Epitaxy: Materials and Applications for Electronics and Optoelectronics will appeal to graduate students, researchers in academia and industry, and others interested in the area of epitaxial growth.

Advanced Nanomaterials and Their Applications in Renewable Energy

Advanced Nanomaterials and Their Applications in Renewable Energy
A Book

by Jingbo Louise Liu,Sajid Bashir

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2015-08-06
  • Pages : 436
  • ISBN : 0128017082
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advanced Nanomaterials and Their Applications in Renewable Energy presents timely topics related to nanomaterials' feasible synthesis and characterization, and their application in the energy fields. In addition, the book provides insights and scientific discoveries in toxicity study, with information that is easily understood by a wide audience. Advanced energy materials are important in designing materials that have greater physical, electronic, and optical properties. This book emphasizes the fundamental physics and chemistry underlying the techniques used to develop solar and fuel cells with high charge densities and energy conversion efficiencies. New analytical techniques (synchronous X-ray) which probe the interactions of particles and radiation with matter are also explored, making this book an invaluable reference for practitioners and those interested in the science. Provides a comprehensive review of solar energy, fuel cells, and gas storage from 2010 to the present Reviews feasible synthesis and modern analytical techniques used in alternative energy Explores examples of research in alternative energy, including current assessments of nanomaterials and safety Contains a glossary of terms, units, and historical benchmarks Presents a useful guide that will bring readers up to speed on historical developments in alternative fuel cells

Compound Semiconductors

Compound Semiconductors
Physics, Technology, and Device Concepts

by Ferdinand Scholz

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2017-10-06
  • Pages : 294
  • ISBN : 1351858726
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides an overview of compound semiconductor materials and their technology. After presenting a theoretical background, it describes the relevant material preparation technologies for bulk and thin-layer epitaxial growth. It then briefly discusses the electrical, optical, and structural properties of semiconductors, complemented by a description of the most popular characterization tools, before more complex hetero- and low-dimensional structures are discussed. A special chapter is devoted to GaN and related materials, owing to their huge importance in modern optoelectronic and electronic devices, on the one hand, and their particular properties compared to other compound semiconductors, on the other. In the last part of the book, the physics and functionality of optoelectronic and electronic device structures (LEDs, laser diodes, solar cells, field-effect and heterojunction bipolar transistors) are discussed on the basis of the specific properties of compound semiconductors presented in the preceding chapters of the book. Compound semiconductors form the back-bone of all opto-electronic and electronic devices besides the classical Si electronics. Currently the most important field is solid state lighting with highly efficient LEDs emitting visible light. Also laser diodes of all wavelength ranges between mid-infrared and near ultraviolet have been the enabler for a huge number of unprecedented applications like CDs and DVDs for entertainment and data storage, not to speak about the internet, which would be impossible without optical data communications with infrared laser diodes as key elements. This book provides a concise overview over this class of materials, including the most important technological aspects for their fabrication and characterisation, also covering the most relevant devices based on compound semiconductors. It presents therefore an excellent introduction into this subject not only for students, but also for engineers and scientist who intend to put their focus on this field of science.

Metal Oxide-Based Thin Film Structures

Metal Oxide-Based Thin Film Structures
Formation, Characterization and Application of Interface-Based Phenomena

by Nini Pryds,Vincenzo Esposito

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2017-09-07
  • Pages : 560
  • ISBN : 0081017529
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Metal Oxide-Based Thin Film Structures: Formation, Characterization and Application of Interface-Based Phenomena bridges the gap between thin film deposition and device development by exploring the synthesis, properties and applications of thin film interfaces. Part I deals with theoretical and experimental aspects of epitaxial growth, the structure and morphology of oxide-metal interfaces deposited with different deposition techniques and new developments in growth methods. Part II concerns analysis techniques for the electrical, optical, magnetic and structural properties of thin film interfaces. In Part III, the emphasis is on ionic and electronic transport at the interfaces of Metal-oxide thin films. Part IV discusses methods for tailoring metal oxide thin film interfaces for specific applications, including microelectronics, communication, optical electronics, catalysis, and energy generation and conservation. This book is an essential resource for anyone seeking to further their knowledge of metal oxide thin films and interfaces, including scientists and engineers working on electronic devices and energy systems and those engaged in research into electronic materials. Introduces the theoretical and experimental aspects of epitaxial growth for the benefit of readers new to the field Explores state-of-the-art analysis techniques and their application to interface properties in order to give a fuller understanding of the relationship between macroscopic properties and atomic-scale manipulation Discusses techniques for tailoring thin film interfaces for specific applications, including information, electronics and energy technologies, making this book essential reading for materials scientists and engineers alike

Chemical Vapour Deposition (CVD)

Chemical Vapour Deposition (CVD)
Advances, Technology and Applications

by Kwang-Leong Choy

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2019-06-07
  • Pages : 398
  • ISBN : 1000690733
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book offers a timely and complete overview on chemical vapour deposition (CVD) and its variants for the processing of nanoparticles, nanowires, nanotubes, nanocomposite coatings, thin and thick films, and composites. Chapters discuss key aspects, from processing, material structure and properties to practical use, cost considerations, versatility, and sustainability. The author presents a comprehensive overview of CVD and its potential in producing high performance, cost-effective nanomaterials and thin and thick films. Features Provides an up-to-date introduction to CVD technology for the fabrication of nanomaterials, nanostructured films, and composite coatings Discusses processing, structure, functionalization, properties, and use in clean energy, engineering, and biomedical grand challenges Covers thin and thick films and composites Compares CVD with other processing techniques in terms of structure/properties, cost, versatility, and sustainability Kwang-Leong Choy is the Director of the UCL Centre for Materials Discovery and Professor of Materials Discovery in the Institute for Materials Discovery at the University College London. She earned her D.Phil. from the University of Oxford, and is the recipient of numerous honors including the Hetherington Prize, Oxford Metallurgical Society Award, and Grunfeld Medal and Prize from the Institute of Materials (UK). She is an elected fellow of the Institute of Materials, Minerals and Mining, and the Royal Society of Chemistry.

Handbook for III-V High Electron Mobility Transistor Technologies

Handbook for III-V High Electron Mobility Transistor Technologies
A Book

by D. Nirmal,J. Ajayan

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2019-05-14
  • Pages : 430
  • ISBN : 0429862520
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book focusses on III-V high electron mobility transistors (HEMTs) including basic physics, material used, fabrications details, modeling, simulation, and other important aspects. It initiates by describing principle of operation, material systems and material technologies followed by description of the structure, I-V characteristics, modeling of DC and RF parameters of AlGaN/GaN HEMTs. The book also provides information about source/drain engineering, gate engineering and channel engineering techniques used to improve the DC-RF and breakdown performance of HEMTs. Finally, the book also highlights the importance of metal oxide semiconductor high electron mobility transistors (MOS-HEMT). Key Features Combines III-As/P/N HEMTs with reliability and current status in single volume Includes AC/DC modelling and (sub)millimeter wave devices with reliability analysis Covers all theoretical and experimental aspects of HEMTs Discusses AlGaN/GaN transistors Presents DC, RF and breakdown characteristics of HEMTs on various material systems using graphs and plots

Integration of Functional Oxides with Semiconductors

Integration of Functional Oxides with Semiconductors
A Book

by Alexander A. Demkov,Agham B. Posadas

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2014-02-20
  • Pages : 278
  • ISBN : 146149320X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book describes the basic physical principles of the oxide/semiconductor epitaxy and offers a view of the current state of the field. It shows how this technology enables large-scale integration of oxide electronic and photonic devices and describes possible hybrid semiconductor/oxide systems. The book incorporates both theoretical and experimental advances to explore the heteroepitaxy of tuned functional oxides and semiconductors to identify material, device and characterization challenges and to present the incredible potential in the realization of multifunctional devices and monolithic integration of materials and devices. Intended for a multidisciplined audience, Integration of Functional Oxides with Semiconductors describes processing techniques that enable atomic-level control of stoichiometry and structure and reviews characterization techniques for films, interfaces and device performance parameters. Fundamental challenges involved in joining covalent and ionic systems, chemical interactions at interfaces, multi-element materials that are sensitive to atomic-level compositional and structural changes are discussed in the context of the latest literature. Magnetic, ferroelectric and piezoelectric materials and the coupling between them will also be discussed. GaN, SiC, Si, GaAs and Ge semiconductors are covered within the context of optimizing next-generation device performance for monolithic device processing.

Gas-Phase Synthesis of Nanoparticles

Gas-Phase Synthesis of Nanoparticles
A Book

by Yves Huttel

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2017-02-24
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN : 352769840X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The first overview of this topic begins with some historical aspects and a survey of the principles of the gas aggregation method. The second part covers modifications of this method resulting in different specialized techniques, while the third discusses the post-growth treatment that can be applied to the nanoparticles. The whole is rounded off by a review of future perspectives and the challenges facing the scientific and industrial communities. An excellent resource for anyone working with the synthesis of nanoparticles, both in academia and industry.

Synthesis of Nanomaterials

Synthesis of Nanomaterials
Mechanisms, Kinetics and Materials Properties

by S. Noor Mohammad

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-10-27
  • Pages : 446
  • ISBN : 3030575853
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book deals with the synthesis of nanomaterials with a strong focus on the underlying reaction kinetics and various synthesis mechanisms. It gives a detailed description of all major synthesis routes of many types of novel nanomaterials including nanowires, carbon nanotubes, semiconductor nanotubes, carbon nanobelts, nanofibers, nanorings, nanodots and quantum dots. In addition, it articulates the fundamental mechanisms of nanomaterials synthesis via vapor-phase, liquid-phase and solid-phase processes, highlighting the various strengths and weaknesses of each mechanism. This monograph provides the reader with a thorough review of the known state-of-the-art, along with a detailed comparison and analysis of all possible nanomaterials synthesis mechanisms. An important element of the book is how to obtain critical knowledge for controlling the morphology of nanomaterials and thereby fine tune their materials properties. The book is an ideal guide for graduate students and researchers new to the field seeking to establish or enhance their understanding of the physical and chemical fundamentals of nanomaterials synthesis mechanisms.

Nanoscale Processing

Nanoscale Processing
A Book

by Sabu Thomas,Preetha Balakrishnan

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-10-22
  • Pages : 554
  • ISBN : 0128205709
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanoscale Processing outlines recent advances in processing techniques for a range of nanomaterial types. New developments in the processing of nanostructured materials are being applied in diverse fields. This book offers in-depth information and analysis of a range of processing techniques for nanostructures, and also covers nanocharacterization aspects thoroughly. Topics covered include zero dimensional nanostructures, nanostructured biomaterials, carbon-based nanostructures, polymeric and liposomal nanostructures, and quantum dots. This book is an important resource for materials scientists and engineers looking to learn more about a variety of processing techniques for various nanomaterial classes, for use in both the industrial and biomedical sectors. Explains major nanoscale processing techniques, outlining in which situations each should be used Discuses a range of nanomaterial classes, including nanobiomaterials, polymeric nanomaterials, optical nanomaterials and magnetic nanomaterials Explores the challenges of using certain processing techniques for certain classes of nanomaterial

Chemistry and Physics of Solid Surfaces VII

Chemistry and Physics of Solid Surfaces VII
A Book

by Ralf Vanselow,Russell F. Howe

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 616
  • ISBN : 3642739024
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume contains review articles written by the invited speakers at the eighth International Summer Institute in Surface Science (ISISS 1987), held at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee in August of 1987. During the course of ISISS, invited speakers, all internationally recognized experts in the various fields of surface science, present tutorial review lectures. In addition, these experts are asked to write review articles on their lecture topic. Former ISISS speakers serve as advisors concerning the selection of speakers and lecture topics. Em phasis is given to those areas which have not been covered in depth by recent Summer Institutes, as well as to areas which have recently gained in significance and in which important progress has been made. Because of space limitations, no individual volume of Chemistry and Physics of Solid Surfaces can possibly cover the whole area of modem surface science, or even give a complete survey of recent pro gress in the field. However, an attempt is made to present a balanced overview in the series as a whole. With its comprehensive literature references and extensive subject indices, this series has become a valu able resource for experts and students alike. The collected articles, which stress particularly the gas-solid interface, have been published under the following titles: Surface Science: Recent Progress and Perspectives, Crit. Rev. Solid State Sci. 4, 125-559 (1974) Chemistry and Physics of Solid Surfaces, Vols. I, II, and III (CRC Press Boca Raton, FL 1976, 1979, and 1982); Vols.

Molecular Beam Epitaxy

Molecular Beam Epitaxy
A Book

by Alfred Cho

  • Publisher : American Institute of Physics
  • Release : 1994
  • Pages : 570
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Market: Materials scientists and graduate students. This volume includes the most significant contributions of world- renowned scientists in the field of Molecular Beam Expitaxy (MBE). MBE is an extremely important technique for growing single crystals by making beams of atoms and molecules strike a crystalline substrate in a vacuum. This technique has found broad applications in modern materials science.

Materials for Optoelectronic Devices, OEICs and Photonics

Materials for Optoelectronic Devices, OEICs and Photonics
A Book

by H. Schlötterer,M. Quillec,P.D. Greene,M. Bertolotti

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 1991-10-08
  • Pages : 542
  • ISBN : 0444596755
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The aim of the contributions in this volume is to give a current overview on the basic properties and applications of semiconductor and nonlinear optical materials for optoelectronics and integrated optics. They provide a cross-linkage between different materials (III-V, II-VI, Si-Ge, glasses, etc.), various sample dimensions (from bulk crystals to quantum dots), and a range of techniques for growth (LPE to MOMBE) and for processing (from surface passivation to ion beams). Major growth techniques and materials are discussed, including the sophisticated technologies required to exploit the exciting properties of low dimensional semiconductors. These proceedings will prove an invaluable guide to the current state of optoelectronic and nonlinear optical materials development, as well as indicating trends and also future markets for optoelectronic devices.

Molecular Beam Epitaxy

Molecular Beam Epitaxy
Fundamentals and Current Status

by Marian A. Herman,Helmut Sitter

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-03-08
  • Pages : 382
  • ISBN : 3642970982
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This first-ever monograph on molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) gives a comprehensive presentation of recent developments in MBE, as applied to crystallization of thin films and device structures of different semiconductor materials. MBE is a high-vacuum technology characterized by relatively low growth temperature, ability to cease or initiate growth abruptly, smoothing of grown surfaces and interfaces on an atomic scale, and the unique facility for in situ analysis of the structural parameters of the growing film. The excellent exploitation parameters of such MBE-produced devices as quantum-well lasers, high electron mobility transistors, and superlattice avalanche photodiodes have caused this technology to be intensively developed. The main text of the book is divided into three parts. The first presents and discusses the more important problems concerning MBE equipment. The second discusses the physico-chemical aspects of the crystallization processes of different materials (mainly semiconductors) and device structures. The third part describes the characterization methods which link the physical properties of the grown film or structures with the technological parameters of the crystallization procedure. Latest achievements in the field are emphasized, such as solid source MBE, including silicon MBE, gas source MBE, especially metalorganic MBE, phase-locked epitaxy and atomic-layer epitaxy, photoassisted molecular layer epitaxy and migration enhanced epitaxy.

Crystal Growth and Characterization of Advanced Materials

Crystal Growth and Characterization of Advanced Materials
A Book

by A N Christensen,F Leccabue,C Paorici,O Vigil

  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release : 1988-12-31
  • Pages : 560
  • ISBN : 9814611123
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Contents:Fundamental Aspects of Crystal Growth from the Melt (C Paorici & L Zanotti)Phase Diagrams in Crystal Growth (A N Christensen)Growth Procedures and Perfection of Semiconductor Materials (A Lindegaard-Andersen)Atomistic Aspects of Crystal Growth and Epitaxy (I Markov)Fundamentals of Liquid Phase Epitaxial Growth (P Kordos)Determination of Few Selected Basic Parameters of the Investigation of AIII-BV Semiconductors Using X-Ray Methods (H Bruhl)Multijunction Solar Cells (I Chambouleyron)Application of the Mossbauer Spectroscopy to the Study of Magnetic Materials (G Albanese)Metallic Magnetism in Modern Materials (D Givord)and others Readership: Materials scientists.

Harnessing Light

Harnessing Light
Optical Science and Engineering for the 21st Century

by National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications,Committee on Optical Science and Engineering

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 1998-09-25
  • Pages : 360
  • ISBN : 0309059917
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Optical science and engineering affect almost every aspect of our lives. Millions of miles of optical fiber carry voice and data signals around the world. Lasers are used in surgery of the retina, kidneys, and heart. New high-efficiency light sources promise dramatic reductions in electricity consumption. Night-vision equipment and satellite surveillance are changing how wars are fought. Industry uses optical methods in everything from the production of computer chips to the construction of tunnels. Harnessing Light surveys this multitude of applications, as well as the status of the optics industry and of research and education in optics, and identifies actions that could enhance the field's contributions to society and facilitate its continued technical development.

Introduction To Nanoscience And Nenotechnology

Introduction To Nanoscience And Nenotechnology
A Book

by Chattopadhyay,Chattopadhyay K. K.,banerjee A. N.

  • Publisher : PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 8120336089
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Datacenter Connectivity Technologies

Datacenter Connectivity Technologies
Principles and Practice

by F CHANG

  • Publisher : Stylus Publishing, LLC
  • Release : 2019-02-15
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 8770220646
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Semiconductor Photonics of Nanomaterials and Quantum Structures

Semiconductor Photonics of Nanomaterials and Quantum Structures
Applications in Optoelectronics and Quantum Technologies

by Arash Rahimi-Iman

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 264
  • ISBN : 303069352X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book introduces the wider field of functional nanomaterials sciences, with a strong emphasis on semiconductor photonics. Whether you are studying photonic quantum devices or just interested in semiconductor nanomaterials and their benefits for optoelectronic applications, this book offers you a pedagogical overview of the relevant subjects along with topical reviews. The book discusses different yet complementary studies in the context of ongoing international research efforts, delivering examples from both fundamental and applied research to a broad readership. Science and engineering professionals in the interdisciplinary domains of nanotechnology, photonics, materials sciences, and quantum physics can familiarize themselves with selected highlights with eyes towards photonic applications in the fields of two-dimensional materials research, light-matter interactions, and quantum technologies.