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Molecular Characterization of Polymers

Molecular Characterization of Polymers
A Fundamental Guide

by Muhammad Imran Malik,Jimmy Mays,Muhammad Raza Shah

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-03-19
  • Pages : 668
  • ISBN : 012822598X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Molecular Characterization of Polymers presents a range of advanced and cutting-edge methods for the characterization of polymers at the molecular level, guiding the reader through theory, fundamentals, instrumentation, and applications, and supporting the end goal of efficient material selection and improved material performance. Each chapter focuses on a specific technique or family of techniques, including the different areas of chromatography, field flow fractionation, long chain branching, static and dynamic light scattering, mass spectrometry, NMR, X-Ray and neutron scattering, polymer dilute solution viscometry, microscopy, and vibrational spectroscopy. In each case, in-depth coverage explains how to successfully implement and utilize the technique. This practical resource is highly valuable to researchers and advanced students in polymer science, materials science, and engineering, and to those from other disciplines and industries who are unfamiliar with polymer characterization techniques. Introduces a range of advanced characterization methods, covering aspects such as molecular weight, polydispersity, branching, composition, and tacticity Enables the reader to understand and to compare the available technique, and implement the selected technique(s), with a view to improving properties of the polymeric material Establishes a strong link between basic principles, characterization techniques, and real-life applications

Molecular Characterization and Analysis of Polymers

Molecular Characterization and Analysis of Polymers
A Book

by John M. Chalmers,Robert J. Meier

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2008-12-09
  • Pages : 776
  • ISBN : 9780080932040
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Written by expert contributors from the academic and industrial sectors, this book presents traditional and modern approaches to polymer characterization and analysis. The emphasis is on pragmatics, problem solving and property determination; real-world applications provide a context for key concepts. The characterizations focus on organic polymer and polymer product microstructure and composition. Approaches molecular characterization and analysis of polymers from the viewpoint of problem-solving and polymer property characterization, rather than from a technique championing approach Focuses on providing a means to ascertaining the optimum approach or technique(s) to solve a problem/measure a property, and thereby develop an analytical competence in the molecular characterization and analysis of real-world polymer products Provides background on polymer chemistry and microstructure, discussions of polymer chain, morphology, degradation, and product failure and additive analysis, and considers the supporting roles of modeling and high-throughput analysis

Molecular Characterization and Analysis of Polymers

Molecular Characterization and Analysis of Polymers
A Book

by John M. Chalmers,Robert J. Meier

  • Publisher : Elsevier Science
  • Release : 2008-12-23
  • Pages : 776
  • ISBN : 9780444530561
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Written by expert contributors from the academic and industrial sectors, this book presents traditional and modern approaches to polymer characterization and analysis. The emphasis is on pragmatics, problem solving and property determination; real-world applications provide a context for key concepts. The characterizations focus on organic polymer and polymer product microstructure and composition. Approaches molecular characterization and analysis of polymers from the viewpoint of problem-solving and polymer property characterization, rather than from a technique championing approach Focuses on providing a means to ascertaining the optimum approach or technique(s) to solve a problem/measure a property, and thereby develop an analytical competence in the molecular characterization and analysis of real-world polymer products Provides background on polymer chemistry and microstructure, discussions of polymer chain, morphology, degradation, and product failure and additive analysis, and considers the supporting roles of modeling and high-throughput analysis

"Molecular Characterization of Polymers"

'Molecular Characterization of Polymers'
From Conventional Bulk Methods to Separation Procedures : 17th Bratislava International Conference OnmMacromolecules, Bratislava, August 24-28, 2003 : Book of Abstracts

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2003
  • Pages : 121
  • ISBN : 9788096843312
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Polymer Characterization

Polymer Characterization
Physical Techniques, 2nd Edition

by Dan Campbell,Richard A. Pethrick,Jim R. White

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2017-12-21
  • Pages : 481
  • ISBN : 1351991132
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Discerning the properties of polymers and polymer-based materials requires a good understanding of characterization. This revised and updated text provides a comprehensive survey of characterization methods within its simple, concise chapters. Polymer Characterization: Physical Techniques, provides an overview of a wide variety of characterization methods, which makes it an excellent textbook and reference. It starts with a description of basic polymer science, providing a solid foundation from which to understand the key physical characterization techniques. The authors explain physical principles without heavy theory and give special emphasis to the application of the techniques to polymers, with plenty of illustrations. Topics covered include molecular weight determination, molecular and structural characterization by spectroscopic techniques, morphology and structural characterization by microscopy and diffraction, and thermal analysis. This edition contains a new chapter on surface analysis as well as some revised problems and solutions. The concise treatment of each topic offers even those with little prior knowledge of the subject an accessible source to relevant, simple descriptions in a well-organized format.

Molecular Characterization of Composite Interfaces

Molecular Characterization of Composite Interfaces
A Book

by Hatsuo Ishida,Ganesh Kumar

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-11-11
  • Pages : 454
  • ISBN : 1489922512
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is an extended version of the proceedings of the Symposium on Polymer Composites, Interfaces, which was held under the auspices of the Division of Polymer Chemistry, American Chemical Society (ACS) during the annual ACS meeting in Seattle, March, 1983. The importance of the interface in composite materials has been recognized since the inception of modern composite technology. Specifically, silane coupling agents were developed for glass fiber reinforced compOSites at a very early date. Ever since then the diversity of composite materials and the development of various surface treatment methods have led to the establishment of an "interface art." A trial-and-error approach has dominated the interfacial aspects of composite technology until very recently. With the advent of modern analytical techniques for surface characterization, it became possible to study detailed surface and interface structures. It was hoped that this symposium would catalyze such a fundamental and scientific approach in composite studies. For this reason, the symposium was structured to verify the influence of interfacial structures on the mechanical and physical performance of composites and to improve our knowledge of the microstructure of composite interfaces. As the word ·composite" indicates, interdisciplinary interaction is indispensable for proper understanding of multiphase systems.

Molecular Characterization of Polyethylene

Molecular Characterization of Polyethylene
A Report of the IUPAC Working Party on the Molecular Characterization of Commercial Polymers

by International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry. Macromolecular Division

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1975
  • Pages : 11
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Helical Wormlike Chains in Polymer Solutions

Helical Wormlike Chains in Polymer Solutions
A Book

by Hiromi Yamakawa,Takenao Yoshizaki

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-02-22
  • Pages : 511
  • ISBN : 3662487160
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents the "helical wormlike chain" model – a general model for both flexible and semiflexible polymer chains. It explains how statistical-mechanical, hydrodynamic, and dynamic theories of their solution properties can be developed on the basis of this model. This new second edition has been carefully updated and thoroughly revised. It includes a new chapter covering "Simulation and More on Excluded-Volume Effects", as well as the discussion of new experimental data and the application of the theory to ring polymers. The authors provide analysis of important recent experimental data by the use of their theories for flexible polymers over a wide range of molecular weights, including the oligomer region, and for semiflexible polymers, including biological macromolecules such as DNA. This is all clearly illustrated using a reasonable number of theoretical equations, tables, figures, and computer-aided forms, which support the understanding of the basic theory and help to facilitate its application to experimental data for the polymer molecular characterization.

Molecular Characterization of Composite Interfaces

Molecular Characterization of Composite Interfaces
A Book

by Hatsuo Ishida,Ganesh Kumar

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2013-09-14
  • Pages : 454
  • ISBN : 9781489922533
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is an extended version of the proceedings of the Symposium on Polymer Composites, Interfaces, which was held under the auspices of the Division of Polymer Chemistry, American Chemical Society (ACS) during the annual ACS meeting in Seattle, March, 1983. The importance of the interface in composite materials has been recognized since the inception of modern composite technology. Specifically, silane coupling agents were developed for glass fiber reinforced compOSites at a very early date. Ever since then the diversity of composite materials and the development of various surface treatment methods have led to the establishment of an "interface art." A trial-and-error approach has dominated the interfacial aspects of composite technology until very recently. With the advent of modern analytical techniques for surface characterization, it became possible to study detailed surface and interface structures. It was hoped that this symposium would catalyze such a fundamental and scientific approach in composite studies. For this reason, the symposium was structured to verify the influence of interfacial structures on the mechanical and physical performance of composites and to improve our knowledge of the microstructure of composite interfaces. As the word ·composite" indicates, interdisciplinary interaction is indispensable for proper understanding of multiphase systems.

Dilute Solution Molecular Characterization and Drag Reducation Studies of High Molecular Weight Polyethylene Oxide

Dilute Solution Molecular Characterization and Drag Reducation Studies of High Molecular Weight Polyethylene Oxide
A Book

by Brian Dion Jones

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2001
  • Pages : 206
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The molecular weight distributions of two high molecular weight (M[subscript w]”1 million) polyethylene polymers, WSR-308 and WSR-301, were characterized with gel permeation chromatography (GPC) coupled with a multi-angle laser light scattering detector (MALLS). The M[subscript w] of the WSR-308 was found to be 5.10x106 g/mol with a molecular weight range from about 1 million g/mol to as high as 10 million g/mol. The M[subscript w] of the WSR-301 was found to be 3.16x106 g/mol with the lowest molecular weight about 400,000 g/mol while the highest molecular weight component may have been as high as 8 million g/mol. Attempts to measure the M[subscript w] of the two polymers using static light scattering (SLS) techniques proved to be difficult. In conjunction with these studies, drag reduction and shear degradation studies of the two polymers in water were also conducted. Solutions of the two polymers, ranging from 1 to 10 ppm including mixtures of the two, were tested in a pipe-flow apparatus to obtain friction factor and %DR data. In every case, the greater the concentration and/or the molecular weight of the polymer, the greater the drag reduction effects. Additionally, the higher molecular weight polymer and mixtures with a greater weight percentage of the higher molecular weight polymer were found to shear degrade less quickly than otherwise. A unique point along the maximum drag reduction asymptote (MDA) termed the "divergence point" was a focus of this study and an energy model based on frictional losses correlates well to the data. The correlation developed here relates the difference in frictional losses between the solvent by itself and the polymer solution directly to the mass concentration and molecular weight of the polymer. This frictional difference was proportional to the product of the mass concentration and molecular weight where both quantities were to approximately the first power.

Characterization and Analysis of Polymers

Characterization and Analysis of Polymers
A Book

by Arza Seidel

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2008-02-08
  • Pages : 977
  • ISBN : 0470233001
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Based on Wiley′s renowned Encyclopedia of Polymer Science and Technology, this book provides coverage of key methods of characterization of the physical and chemical properties of polymers, including atomic force microscopy, chromatographic methods, laser light scattering, nuclear magnetic resonance, and thermal analysis, among others. Written by prominent scholars from around the world, this reference presents over twenty–five self –contained articles on the most used analytical techniques currently practiced in polymer science.

Synthesis, Molecular Characterization and Physical Behavior of Novel Polymers and Polymer Blends

Synthesis, Molecular Characterization and Physical Behavior of Novel Polymers and Polymer Blends
Poly(aryl Ether)sulfones, Labeled Poly([gamma] [gamma]-stearyl-[alpha], L-glutamate) and Poly([gamma]-stearyl-[alpha], L-glutamate)/Polyethylene Blends

by Frederick Harald Roos

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1996
  • Pages : 376
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Molecular Characterization and Analysis of Polymers

Molecular Characterization and Analysis of Polymers
A Book

by John M. Chalmers,Robert J. Meier

  • Publisher : Elsevier Science
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 776
  • ISBN : 9780444530561
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Written by expert contributors from the academic and industrial sectors, this book presents traditional and modern approaches to polymer characterization and analysis. The emphasis is on pragmatics, problem solving and property determination; real-world applications provide a context for key concepts. The characterizations focus on organic polymer and polymer product microstructure and composition. Approaches molecular characterization and analysis of polymers from the viewpoint of problem-solving and polymer property characterization, rather than from a technique championing approach Focuses on providing a means to ascertaining the optimum approach or technique(s) to solve a problem/measure a property, and thereby develop an analytical competence in the molecular characterization and analysis of real-world polymer products Provides background on polymer chemistry and microstructure, discussions of polymer chain, morphology, degradation, and product failure and additive analysis, and considers the supporting roles of modeling and high-throughput analysis

Developments in Polymer Characterisation—1

Developments in Polymer Characterisation—1
A Book

by J. V. Dawkins

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2011-10-09
  • Pages : 284
  • ISBN : 9789400996489
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Over two decades ago, !he term characterisation covered just those techniques which measured the properties of polymers in solution in order to determine molecular weight and size. The discoveries of stereoregular polymers and polymer crystals created the need for new and advanced techniques for characterising chain structures and bulk properties. Further demands for new and improved characterisation methods for bulk polymers have resulted from the recent development and exploitation of multi phase polymeric systems, such as polymer blends, block and graft copolymers, and polymer composites. Today, therefore, characterisation is a very important part of polymer science. The polymer chemist must know the chain length, chain microstructure and chain conformation of the polymers he or she has prepared, i. e. the determination of molecular properties. The scientist involved in exploiting polymers in such applications as plastics, elastomers, fibres, surface coatings and adhesives must be informed on the morphology and physical and mechanical behaviour of his or her products, i. e. the determination of bulk and surface properties and their dependence on molecular properties. The techniques required for these determinations now cover an extremely wide field. Our aim has been to review a number of techniques critically and in sufficient depth so that the present state and future potential of each technique may be judged by the reader. Three criteria were used in the selection of techniques. First, we wished to present new methods which have been developed actively in the polymer field during the past five years.

Polymer Characterisation

Polymer Characterisation
A Book

by B.J. Hunt,M.I. James

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 362
  • ISBN : 9401121605
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Polymers continue to play an ever increasing role in the modern world. In fact it is quite inconceivable to most people that we could ever have existed of the increased volume and variety of materials without them. As a result currently available, and the diversity of their application, characterisation has become an essential requirement of industrial and academic laboratories in volved with polymeric materials. On the one hand requirements may come from polymer specialists involved in the design and synthesis of new materials who require a detailed understanding of the relationship between the precise molecular architecture and the properties of the polymer in order to improve its capabilities and range of applications. On the other hand, many analysts who are not polymer specialists are faced with the problems of analysing and testing a wide range of polymeric materials for quality control or material specification purposes. We hope this book will be a useful reference for all scientists and techno or industrial laboratories, logists involved with polymers, whether in academic and irrespective of their scientific discipline. We have attempted to include in one volume all of the most important techniques. Obviously it is not possible to do this in any great depth but we have encouraged the use of specific examples to illustrate the range of possibilities. In addition numerous references are given to more detailed texts on specific subjects, to direct the reader where appropriate. The book is divided into II chapters.

Helical Wormlike Chains in Polymer Solutions

Helical Wormlike Chains in Polymer Solutions
A Book

by Hiromi Yamakawa,Takenao Yoshizaki

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2016
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9783662487150
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This book presents the "helical wormlike chain" model - a general model for both flexible and semiflexible polymer chains. It explains how statistical-mechanical, hydrodynamic, and dynamic theories of their solution properties can be developed on the basis of this model. This new second edition has been carefully updated and thoroughly revised. It includes a new chapter covering "Simulation and More on Excluded-Volume Effects", as well as the discussion of new experimental data and the application of the theory to ring polymers. The authors provide analysis of important recent experimental data by the use of their theories for flexible polymers over a wide range of molecular weights, including the oligomer region, and for semiflexible polymers, including biological macromolecules such as DNA. This is all clearly illustrated using a reasonable number of theoretical equations, tables, figures, and computer-aided forms, which support the understanding of the basic theory and help to facilitate its application to experimental data for the polymer molecular characterization.

Polymer Structure Characterization

Polymer Structure Characterization
From Nano to Macro Organization in Small Molecules and Polymers

by Richard A Pethrick

  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release : 2015-10-20
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 1782625593
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The different physical properties displayed by low molar mass organic materials and polymers are a result of their molecular organisation. In order to understand the structure – property relationship of a material it is necessary to first look at the interactions at a molecular level. This new edition of Polymer Structure Characterization provides readers with the background needed to understand the factors that influence molecular organization and how this affects the morphology and bulk physical properties of a material. In order to introduce the concepts, the book first looks at small molecular systems and builds up to complex macromolecular systems. The second edition has been fully revised and updated to include new examples and references. Topics covered include: organic crystals, liquid crystals, plastic crystals, polymer crystal growth, amorphous glassy materials, polymer surfaces and interfaces, colloids and molecular organization in liquids as well as two new chapters on self-assembly and biopolymer systems. The book is intended to provide complimentary material for a range of undergraduate and postgraduate courses in materials science, molecular chemistry and chemical physics. In addition to polymer and material scientists, the book would also be of interest to chemists and physicists studying the properties of organic materials.

Molecular Weight Determination in the Characterization of Polymers

Molecular Weight Determination in the Characterization of Polymers
A Book

by Richard M. Lange,United States. Wright Air Development Division

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1960
  • Pages : 21
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Molecularly Imprinted Polymer Composites

Molecularly Imprinted Polymer Composites
Synthesis, Characterisation and Applications

by Sooraj M.P.,Archana S. Nair,Beena Mathew,Sabu Thomas

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2020-12-01
  • Pages : 438
  • ISBN : 0128203854
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Molecular Imprinted Polymer Composites: Synthesis, Characterisation and Applications covers the design of composite materials containing nanostructures and molecular imprinted polymers that has materialized the ever-sought out vision of homogeneous molecular imprinted polymers. The inherent high surface-to-volume ratio of nanostructures has served well in increasing the surface area of conventional bulk polymers. In recent decades, molecularly imprinted polymer nanocomposite materials have attracted much attention for their potential applications in the fields of separation science, sensing, drug delivery, waste water treatment and catalysis, hence this book provides a much needed update on progress. Includes information on molecular imprinted polymer composites and their potential for commercialization Discusses their synthesis, characterization and applications Analyzes the effect of incorporation of different nanostructures on the thermodynamic, kinetic and adsorption behavior of imprinted sorbents

Characterization of Polymers and Fibres

Characterization of Polymers and Fibres
A Book

by Mukesh Kumar Singh,Annika Singh

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2021-07-15
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 9780128239865
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Characterization of Fibres and Polymers addresses an integral part of fiber and polymer manufacturing processes that is crucial in helping manufacturers ensure that final products achieve intended specifications. The characterization of fiber and polymers is needed for attributes including molecular weight, morphology, dyeing behavior, tensile, optical and thermal behavior. This book covers a wide range of characterization techniques, including thermal, X-ray diffraction, solubility, tensile, optical, hygroscopic and particle size distribution. Introductions and definitions are provided where beneficial to make topics accessible to a broad range of readers in both academia and industry. Addressing advances from the fields of bioscience, polymer science, material science, and textile science, this book is wide in scope, drawing on the latest research to provide details of characterization techniques and equipment. Provides a thorough description of the material quality control process, including the latest industry practice Presents material characterization at all levels, from the atomic level to surface structure Covers technical advice on natural fiber characterization methods, including XRD, XPS, TGA, SEM, TEM, AFM, Contact angle, Particle size analysis, FTIR, and NMR