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Molecular Wine Microbiology

Molecular Wine Microbiology
A Book

by Alfonso V. Carrascosa Santiago,Rosario Munoz,Ramon Gonzalez Garcia

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2011-05-23
  • Pages : 372
  • ISBN : 9780080962580
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Molecular Wine Microbiology features rigorous scientific content written at a level comprehensible for wine professionals as well as advanced students. It includes information on production and spoilage issues, the microbial groups relevant for wine production and microbial wine safety. Microbiology has long been recognized as a key tool in studying wine production, however only recently have wine microbiology studies been addressed at a molecular level, increasing the understanding of how microbiology impacts not only the flavor quality of the wine, but also its safety. Understanding, at a molecular level, how a starter culture can impact ethanol, glycerol, volatile phenols, mannoproteins, biogenic amines or ochratoxin A of a wine are just some of the core points that must be considered in order to achieve maximium consumer acceptability while addressing safety concerns during processing and storage. While other books offer insights into the technological aspects of enology, this book is written by expert microbiologists, who explore the positive and negative impacts of gene function in the production of wine, from a microbiological point of view. Winner of the 2012 Jury Award in Enology from the International Organisation of Vine and Wine Presents the most current methods of studying the microbiology of wine Includes latest identification and typing methods, reducing identification time from days and weeks to minutes and hours Provides important knowledge about the impact of microbiological factors at the molecular level for reduction of wine spoilage and increased wine quality and safety

Wine Microbiology

Wine Microbiology
Practical Applications and Procedures

by Kenneth C. Fugelsang,Charles G. Edwards

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2007-04-03
  • Pages : 394
  • ISBN : 0387333495
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Winemaking from the vineyard to shipment of the bottled product is a series of challenges for winemaking staff. The introductory narrative of this book is designed to be an overview, from the wine microbiologist’s point of view, of those critical junctures in the process (CCPs) that are of concern in wine quality as well as intervention/control programs to address them. The second edition of Wine Microbiology builds upon the foundation of its highly successful predecessor with emphasis on modern molecular methods. It has been revised and updated with recent data and conclusions in all chapters.

Food Molecular Microbiology

Food Molecular Microbiology
A Book

by Spiros Paramithiotis,Jayanta K Patra

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2019-02-14
  • Pages : 252
  • ISBN : 1351615092
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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With the advances in the field of molecular biology, new tools make it possible to conduct in-depth studies in food microbial communities from a molecular perspective. Information from genomic, transcriptomic, proteomic and metabolomic studies can be integrated through bioinformatic applications, thereby improving our understanding of the interactions between biotic and abiotic factors and concomitantly the physiology of starter cultures, spoilage and pathogenic microbiota. Improvements in the speed, accuracy and reliability of food quality and safety assessment have made the foundation stronger for future developments including the exploitation of gene networks and applications of nanotechnology and systems biology. This book reviews all these developments, provides an integrated view of the subject and helps in identifying areas of future development.

Wine Microbiology

Wine Microbiology
Science and Technology

by Claudio Delfini,Joseph V. Formica

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2001-03-23
  • Pages : 496
  • ISBN : 9780824705909
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume applies an inductive experimental approach to recognize, control and resolve the variables that effect the wine-making process and the quality of the final product - focusing on the grape variety-yeast interaction controversy. It contains over 300 drawings, photographs and photomicrographs that illustrate the diagnostic morphology of wine yeast and bacteria used to track wine spoilage and related problems.

Quantitative Microbiology in Food Processing

Quantitative Microbiology in Food Processing
Modeling the Microbial Ecology

by Anderson de Souza Sant'Ana

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2017-02-06
  • Pages : 696
  • ISBN : 1118756428
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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14.5.3 Modified atmosphere packaging (MAP)

Winemaking

Winemaking
Basics and Applied Aspects

by V. K. Joshi,Ramesh C. Ray

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2021-02-09
  • Pages : 734
  • ISBN : 1351034251
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Wine is one of the oldest forms of alcoholic beverages known to man. Estimates date its origins back to 6000 B.C. Ever since, it has occupied a significant role in our lives, be it for consumption, social virtues, therapeutic value, its flavoring in foods, etc. A study of wine production and the technology of winemaking is thus imperative. The preparation of wine involves steps from harvesting the grapes, fermenting the must, maturing the wine, stabilizing it finally, to getting the bottled wine to consumers. The variety of cultivars, methods of production, and style of wine, along with presentation and consumption pattern add to the complexity of winemaking. In the past couple of decades, there have been major technological advances in wine production in the areas of cultivation of grapes, biochemistry and methods of production of different types of wines, usage of analytical techniques has enabled us to produce higher quality wine. The technological inputs of a table wine, dessert wine or sparkling wine, are different and has significance to the consumer. The role played by the killer yeast, recombinant DNA technology, application of enzyme technology and new analytical methods of wine evaluation, all call for a comprehensive review of the advances made. This comprehensive volume provides a holistic view of the basics and applied aspects of wine production and technology. The book comprises production steps, dotted with the latest trends or the innovations in the fields. It draws upon the expertise of leading researchers in the wine making worldwide.

Wine Microbiology and Biotechnology

Wine Microbiology and Biotechnology
A Book

by Graham H. Fleet

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 1993-01-01
  • Pages : 510
  • ISBN : 9780415278508
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Wine Microbiology and Biotechnology presents developments in fermentation technology, enzyme technology, and technologies for the genetic engineering of microorganisms in a single volume. The book emphasizes the diversity of microorganisms associated with the winemaking process, and broadens the discussion of winemaking to include more modern concepts of biotechnology and molecular biology. In each chapter, recognized authorities in their field link the scientific fundamentals of microbiology, biochemistry, and biotechnology to the practical aspects of wine production and quality. They also provide relevant historical background and offer directions for future research.

Yeasts in the Production of Wine

Yeasts in the Production of Wine
A Book

by Patrizia Romano,Maurizio Ciani,Graham H. Fleet

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2019-09-16
  • Pages : 515
  • ISBN : 1493997823
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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It is well established that certain strains of yeasts are suitable for transforming grape sugars into alcohol, while other yeast strains are not suitable for grape fermentations. Recent progress has clearly demonstrated that the sensory profile of a wine is characteristic of each vine cultivated, and the quality and technological characteristics of the final product varies considerably due to the strains which have performed and/or dominated the fermentation process. Because of their technological properties, wine yeast strains differ significantly in their fermentation performance and in their contribution to the final bouquet and quality of wine, such as useful enzymatic activities and production of secondary compounds related both to wine organoleptic quality and human health. The wine industry is greatly interested in wine yeast strains with a range of specialized properties, but as the expression of these properties differs with the type and style of wine to be made, the actual trend is in the use of selected strains, which are more appropriate to optimize grape quality. Additionally, wine quality can be influenced by the potential growth and activity of undesirable yeast species, considered spoilage yeasts, which cause sluggish and stuck fermentation and detrimental taste and aroma in the wine.

Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology

Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology
A Book

by Pradeep Verma

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2022
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9811652147
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Encyclopedia of Food Microbiology

Encyclopedia of Food Microbiology
A Book

by Carl A. Batt

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2014-04-02
  • Pages : 3248
  • ISBN : 0123847338
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Written by the world's leading scientists and spanning over 400 articles in three volumes, the Encyclopedia of Food Microbiology, Second Edition is a complete, highly structured guide to current knowledge in the field. Fully revised and updated, this encyclopedia reflects the key advances in the field since the first edition was published in 1999 The articles in this key work, heavily illustrated and fully revised since the first edition in 1999, highlight advances in areas such as genomics and food safety to bring users up-to-date on microorganisms in foods. Topics such as DNA sequencing and E. coli are particularly well covered. With lists of further reading to help users explore topics in depth, this resource will enrich scientists at every level in academia and industry, providing fundamental information as well as explaining state-of-the-art scientific discoveries. This book is designed to allow disparate approaches (from farmers to processors to food handlers and consumers) and interests to access accurate and objective information about the microbiology of foods Microbiology impacts the safe presentation of food. From harvest and storage to determination of shelf-life, to presentation and consumption. This work highlights the risks of microbial contamination and is an invaluable go-to guide for anyone working in Food Health and Safety Has a two-fold industry appeal (1) those developing new functional food products and (2) to all corporations concerned about the potential hazards of microbes in their food products

Wine Science

Wine Science
Principles and Applications

by Ronald S. Jackson

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-04-04
  • Pages : 1030
  • ISBN : 0128165375
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Wine Science: Principles and Applications, Fifth Edition, delivers in-depth information and expertise in a single, science-focused volume, including all the complexities and nuances of creating a quality wine product. From variety, to the chemistry that transforms grape to fruit to wine, the book presents sections on the most important information regarding wine laws, authentication, the latest technology used in wine production, and expert-insights into the sensory appreciation of wine and its implications in health. This book is ideal for anyone seeking to understand the science that produces quality wines of every type. Presents thorough explanations of viticulture and winemaking principles from grape to taste bud Addresses historical developments in wine production, notably sparkling wines Provides techniques in grapevine breeding, notably CRISPR Compares production methods in a framework that provides insights into the advantages and disadvantages of each

Wine Microbiology

Wine Microbiology
A Book

by Kenneth C. Fugelsang

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-03-09
  • Pages : 245
  • ISBN : 1475769709
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Winemaking from the vineyard to shipment of the bottled product is a series of challenges for winemaking staff. The introductory narrative of this book is designed to be an overview, from the wine microbiologist’s point of view, of those critical junctures in the process (CCPs) that are of concern in wine quality as well as intervention/control programs to address them. The second edition of Wine Microbiology builds upon the foundation of its highly successful predecessor with emphasis on modern molecular methods. It has been revised and updated with recent data and conclusions in all chapters.

Acetic Acid Bacteria

Acetic Acid Bacteria
Fundamentals and Food Applications

by Ilkin Yucel Sengun

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2017-06-28
  • Pages : 358
  • ISBN : 1351649531
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book, written by leading international authorities in the field, covers all the basic and applied aspects of acetic acid bacteria. It describes the importance of acetic acid bacteria in food industry by giving information on the microbiological properties of fermented foods as well as production procedures. Special attention is given to vinegar and cocoa, which are the most familiar and extensively used industrial applications of acetic acid bacteria. This book is an essential reference to all scientists, technologists, engineers, students and all those working in the field of food science and technology.

Understanding Wine Microbiota: Challenges and Opportunities

Understanding Wine Microbiota: Challenges and Opportunities
A Book

by Aline Lonvaud,Linda F. Bisson

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2019-08-16
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 2889459594
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Wine yeast and bacteria have been extensively characterized in terms of physiological and metabolic traits largely in pure culture analyses. Winemaking practices derived from this basic knowledge have undoubtedly improved wine quality. Phylogenetic studies and genome comparisons in extensive collections have revealed the processes of evolution and adaptation of the two main microbial species, Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Oenococcus oeni, present in wine. However, grapes and grape juice contain a variety of microorganisms and these principal agents of fermentation are in fact part of a complex microbial community that evolves dynamically in a special niche. Thanks to the new methods of analysis, the complexity of the microbiota can be measured in any sample of must or wine. In addition, there is greater appreciation of diversity within the main species present in wine. Intraspecific diversity has been evaluated in yeast and bacteria species and strains can be typed even in the mixture of selected or indigenous strains. Descriptions of microbial profiles in all the regions of the world suggest that the microbiota is a significant element of terroir or regional signature. It is no longer enough to simply describe what is present. It is important to consider evolution, physiology and metabolism taking into account microbial interactions within the community. Research in wine microbiology has also expanded our understanding of the participation and role of non-Saccharomyces organisms in winemaking, and refined knowledge on microbial spoilage. However, it is challenging to go from the simple description of these phenomena to their interpretation. The greatest difficulty lies in analyzing the functioning of the extraordinary complex system of yeast and bacteria present during different stages of the fermentation. Interactions in the very particular environment of fermenting grape induce alternations of relative populations’ dominances and declines with subsequent impacts on wine composition. Some mechanisms have been identified or suggested, but much remains to be done. The recent advent of inoculation with non-Saccharomyces in oenological practice, sometimes leading to inconstant results, reflects the profound gaps that exist in knowledge of the complexity of fermentation and wine microbial ecosystems. Understanding how the microbial community works is expected to provide a sound basis before using fermentation helpers and starters, taking into account the indigenous microbiota. It will also aid in monitoring and understanding native or uninoculated fermentations that rely on the complex interactions of grape, winery and fermentation biota for their aroma and flavor profile. The aim of this Research Topic was to bring together current knowledge on several key aspects of wine microorganism biology: i) Evolution / co-evolution of yeasts and bacteria in their process of domestication and adaptation to the oenological niche. ii) Mechanisms of interactions between species and strains, both on grapes and in grape must. iii) Metabolism and physiology of yeast and bacteria in interactions with each other and with the environment, considering to what extent expected objectives (typicity, lower alcohol, etc.,) can be reached by using selected strains. iv) Development of novel technologies or approaches for the assessment of changes in a dynamic microbial community and the linking of such changes to wine flavor and aroma properties. v) Diversity, ecology, physiology and metabolism of B. bruxellensis. Damage from this spoilage agent is not effectively prevented because we do not fully understand the biology of this species, particularly in interaction with other yeast and bacteria. Each chapter presents advances in these areas of study. Research in wine microbiology, particularly in the wine microbiome and its impacts on wine composition is enhancing our understanding of the complexities and dynamics of microbial food and beverage ecosystems.

Biology of Microorganisms on Grapes, in Must and in Wine

Biology of Microorganisms on Grapes, in Must and in Wine
A Book

by Helmut König,Gottfried Unden,Jürgen Fröhlich

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-11-01
  • Pages : 710
  • ISBN : 3319600214
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The second edition of the book begins with the description of the diversity of wine-related microorganisms, followed by an outline of their primary and energy metabolism. Subsequently, important aspects of the secondary metabolism are dealt with, since these activities have an impact on wine quality and off-flavour formation. Then chapters about stimulating and inhibitory growth factors follow. This knowledge is helpful for the growth management of different microbial species. The next chapters focus on the application of the consolidated findings of molecular biology and regulation the functioning of regulatory cellular networks, leading to a better understanding of the phenotypic behaviour of the microbes in general and especially of the starter cultures as well as of stimulatory and inhibitory cell-cell interactions during wine making. In the last part of the book, a compilation of modern methods complete the understanding of microbial processes during the conversion of must to wine.This broad range of topics about the biology of the microbes involved in the vinification process could be provided in one book only because of the input of many experts from different wine-growing countries.

Handbook of Enology: Volume 1

Handbook of Enology: Volume 1
The Microbiology of Wine and Vinifications

by Pascal Ribéreau-Gayon,Denis Dubourdieu,Bernard B. Doneche,Aline A. Lonvaud

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2021-06-08
  • Pages : 656
  • ISBN : 111958468X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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As an applied science, enology is a collection of knowledge from the fundamental sciences including chemistry, biochemistry, microbiology, bioengineering, psychophysics, cognitive psychology, etc., and nourished by empirical observations. The approach used in the Handbook of Enology is thus the same. It aims to provide practitioners, winemakers, technicians and enology students with foundational knowledge and the most recent research results. This knowledge can be used to contribute to a better definition of the quality of grapes and wine, a greater understanding of chemical and microbiological parameters, with the aim of ensuring satisfactory fermentations and predicting the evolution of wines, an7thd better mastery of wine stabilization processes. As a result, the purpose of this publication is to guide readers in their thought processes with a view to preserving and optimizing the identity and taste of wine and its aging potential. This third English edition of The Handbook of Enology, is an enhanced translation from the 7h French 2017 edition, and is published in print as individual themed volumes and as a two-volume set, describing aspects of winemaking using a detailed, scientific approach. The authors, who are highly-respected enologists, examine winemaking processes, theorizing what constitutes a perfect technique and the proper combination of components necessary to produce a quality vintage. They also illustrate methodologies of common problems, revealing the mechanism behind the disorder, thus enabling a diagnosis and solution. Volume 1: The Microbiology of Wine and Vinifications addresses the first phase of winemaking to produce an "unfinished" wine: grading grape quality and maturation, yeast biology then adding it to the grape crush and monitoring its growth during vinification; and identifying and correcting undesired conditions, such as unbalanced lactic and acetic acid production, use of sulfur dioxide and alternatives, etc. Coverage includes: Wine microbiology; Yeasts; Yeast metabolism; The conditions for the development of yeasts; Lactic acid bacteria, their metabolism and their development in wine; Acetic bacteria; The use of sulfur dioxide in the treatment of musts and wines; Products and processes acting in addition to sulfur dioxide; Winemaking; The grape and its maturation; Harvesting and processing of grapes after harvest; Vinification in red and white wine making. The target audience includes advanced viticulture and enology students, professors and researchers, and practicing grape growers and vintners.

Yeast

Yeast
Industrial Applications

by Antonio Morata,Iris Loira

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2017-11-08
  • Pages : 300
  • ISBN : 9535135996
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Yeast - Industrial Applications is a book that covers applications and utilities of yeasts in food, chemical, energy, and environmental industries collected in 12 chapters. The use of yeasts in the production of metabolites, enzymatic applications, fermented foods, microorganism controls, bioethanol production, and bioremediation of contaminated environments is covered showing results, methodologies, and processes and describing the specific role of yeasts in them. The traditional yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is complemented in many applications with the use of less known non-Saccharomyces yeasts that now are being used extensively in industry. This book compiles the experience and know-how of researchers and professors from international universities and research centers.

Science and Technology of Fruit Wine Production

Science and Technology of Fruit Wine Production
A Book

by Maria R. Kosseva,V.K. Joshi,P.S. Panesar

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2016-11-01
  • Pages : 756
  • ISBN : 0128010347
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Science and Technology of Fruit Wine Production includes introductory chapters on the production of wine from fruits other than grapes, including their composition, chemistry, role, quality of raw material, medicinal values, quality factors, bioreactor technology, production, optimization, standardization, preservation, and evaluation of different wines, specialty wines, and brandies. Wine and its related products have been consumed since ancient times, not only for stimulatory and healthful properties, but also as an important adjunct to the human diet by increasing satisfaction and contributing to the relaxation necessary for proper digestion and absorption of food. Most wines are produced from grapes throughout the world, however, fruits other than grapes, including apple, plum, peach, pear, berries, cherries, currants, apricot, and many others can also be profitably utilized in the production of wines. The major problems in wine production, however, arise from the difficulty in extracting the sugar from the pulp of some of the fruits, or finding that the juices obtained lack in the requisite sugar contents, have higher acidity, more anthocyanins, or have poor fermentability. The book demonstrates that the application of enzymes in juice extraction, bioreactor technology, and biological de-acidification (MLF bacteria, or de-acidifying yeast like schizosaccharomyces pombe, and others) in wine production from non-grape fruits needs serious consideration. Focuses on producing non-grape wines, highlighting their flavor, taste, and other quality attributes, including their antioxidant properties Provides a single-volume resource that consolidates the research findings and developed technology employed to make wines from non-grape fruits Explores options for reducing post-harvest losses, which are especially high in developing countries Stimulates research and development efforts in non-grape wines

Wine Tasting

Wine Tasting
A Professional Handbook

by Ronald S. Jackson

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2016-12-22
  • Pages : 430
  • ISBN : 0128018267
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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From OIV-award-winning author, Ronald S. Jackson, Wine Tasting: A Professional Handbook, Third Edition, is an essential guide for any professional or serious connoisseur seeking to understand both the theory and practice of wine tasting. From techniques for assessing wine properties and quality, including physiological, psychological, and physicochemical sensory evaluation, to the latest information on the types of wine, the author guides the reader to a clear and applicable understanding of the wine tasting process. With its inclusion of illustrative data and testing technique descriptions, the book is ideal for both those who train tasters, those involved in designing wine tastings, and the connoisseur seeking to maximize their perception and appreciation of wine. Contains revised and updated coverage, notably on the physiology and neurology of taste and odor perception Includes expanded coverage of the statistical aspect of wine tasting (specific examples to show the process), qualitative wine tasting, wine language, the origins of wine quality, and food and wine combination Provides a flow chart of wine tasting steps and production procedures Presents practical details on wine storage and the problems that can occur both during and following bottle opening

Wine Safety, Consumer Preference, and Human Health

Wine Safety, Consumer Preference, and Human Health
A Book

by M. Victoria Moreno-Arribas,Begoña Bartolomé Suáldea

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-02-04
  • Pages : 323
  • ISBN : 3319245147
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book describes emergent investigations related to wine safety and quality, showing the relationship between these concerns and consumer preferences, with a special emphasis on the beneficial effects of wine on human health. The first part of the book describes the most relevant aspects of wine safety, emphasizing the advances offered by new technologies and biotechnological progress, as well as the impact of global climate change. The second part deals with consumer preferences, a topic little discussed in previous texts, but that has gained traction not only from the scientific point of view, but also at the industrial and social level. Finally, the last section provides an opportunity for deeper recapitulation of the beneficial effects of wine and its components on human health, including novel experimental approaches and data interpretation. From the point of view of chemical and sensory complexity,as well as human health, wine is a model product that has been the focus of extensive research, with findings over the last several years being of increasing interest to winemakers, researchers and consumers.