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Mucosal Health in Aquaculture

Mucosal Health in Aquaculture
A Book

by Benjamin H. Beck,Eric Peatman

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2015-02-17
  • Pages : 408
  • ISBN : 0124171931
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Mucosal Health in Aquaculture is an essential reference on mucosal health for the diverse aquaculture community. Rich in explanatory figures and schematics, the book includes important concepts such as structural and cellular composition of mucosal surfaces in fish and shellfish, known functional roles of molecular and cellular actors during pathogen invasion, impacts of nutrition on the mucosal barriers, impacts of chemical treatments on mucosal surfaces, mucosal vaccines and vaccination strategies, and more. The health of cultured aquaculture species is critical in establishing the sustainable growth of the aquaculture industry worldwide, and mucosal health is of particular interest to those working in aquaculture because mucosal surfaces (skin, gill, intestine, reproductive tissues) constitute the first line of defense against pathogen invasion. Mucosal Health in Aquaculture captures the latest research on mucosal barriers in aquaculture species and their impacts on nutrition and immunity to ensure sustainable aquaculture development. Includes research case studies to exhibit the importance of various integrated approaches to mucosal health Examines the latest scientific methods and technologies to maximize efficiencies for healthy fish production for farming Brings together the latest knowledge and research on mucosal barriers and mechanisms from world-wide experts in mucosal health Utilizes detailed diagrams and figures to enhance comprehension

Aquaculture Nutrition

Aquaculture Nutrition
Gut Health, Probiotics and Prebiotics

by Daniel L. Merrifield,Einar Ringo

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2014-08-13
  • Pages : 488
  • ISBN : 1118897277
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Manipulation of the microbial gut content of farmed fishes andcrustaceans can have a marked effect on their general health,growth, and quality. Expertly covering the science behind the useof prebiotics and probiotics this landmark book explains how thecorrect manipulation of the gut flora of farmed fishes andcrustaceans can have a positive effect on their health, growthrates, feed utilization, and general wellbeing. Aquaculture Nutrition: Gut Health, Probioticsand Prebiotics provides a comprehensive overview of the currentknowledge of the gut microbiomes of fish and their importance withrespect to host-fish health and performance, providing in-depth, cutting-edge fundamental and applied information. Written by many of the world’s leading authorities andedited by Dr Daniel Merrifield and Professor Einar Ringø, thisimportant book discusses in detail the common mechanisms formodulating microbiomes, particularly at the gut level (e.g.probiotics, prebiotics and synbiotics). The book is a key resourcefor an understanding of the historical development of theseproducts, their known mechanisms of action and their degree ofefficacy as presently demonstrated in the literature. The fundamental material provided on the gut microbiota itself,and more broad aspects of microbe-live feed interactions, provideessential reading for researchers, academics and students in theareas of aquaculture nutrition, fish veterinary science,microbiology, aquaculture, fish biology and fisheries. Thoseinvolved in the development and formulation of aquaculture feedsand those with broader roles within the aquaculture industry willfind a huge wealth of commercially-important information within thebook’s covers. All libraries in universities and researchestablishments where biological sciences, nutrition and aquacultureare studied and taught, should have copies of this excellent bookon their shelves.

Aquaculture Health Management

Aquaculture Health Management
Design and Operation Approaches

by Frederick S. B. Kibenge,Mark D. Powell

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-06-13
  • Pages : 394
  • ISBN : 0128133600
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Aquaculture Health Management: Design and Operation Approaches is an essential reference for the diverse aquaculture community. With the steadily increasing importance of healthy fish production and the expansion of the animal aquaculture industry to new geographic areas, new microbial and parasitic species with pathogenic potential continue to emerge. The book covers the broad spectrum of fish and shellfish health, the functional roles of pathogen emergence, and the impacts of nutrition and preventative medicine such as pre- and probiotics, as well as chemical treatments, relevant legislation and more. This reference takes a comprehensive approach to understanding overall fish health management, making it valuable to aquaculturists, practitioners in aquatic animal health, veterinarians and all those in industry, government or academia who are interested in aquaculture and fisheries and their sustainable futures. Presents the biosecurity measures used to prevent the spread of disease Discusses fish immunology to help readers understand preventive medicine for a healthy fish production Examines the latest scientific methods and technologies to maximize efficiencies for healthy fish production for farming Includes the most commonly researched fish, crustaceans and mollusks in aquaculture

Microbial Communities in Aquaculture Ecosystems

Microbial Communities in Aquaculture Ecosystems
Improving Productivity and Sustainability

by Nicolas Derome

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-06-07
  • Pages : 163
  • ISBN : 3030161900
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book sheds light on the major functions of microbial communities in aquaculture ecosystems, showing that by recycling nutrients, degrading organic matter and preventing disease outbreaks, a variety of microbes are truly beneficial to a wide range of aquaculture industries. It discusses how deteriorating environmental quality enables some microbial strains to trigger disease, describes the development of highly sustainable tools to improve water quality, and identifies crucial factors that endanger microbial homeostasis in aquaculture ecosystems. The book also covers post-antibiotic approaches for preventing and treating opportunistic microbial infections based on harnessing environmental and fish-associated microbial communities. Furthermore, it explores how manipulating and engineering these complex microbial communities using bio-agents such as probiotics, phages, natural nutritional additives, or with fine-tuned biofilters will open the door for new ways to develop a more sustainable and cost-effective aquaculture industry. Including an accessible presentation of modern high-throughput sequencing technology to identify host-microbial interactions in aquaculture ecosystems, this book is a valuable resource for scientists, aquaculture and fishery experts, sustainability enthusiasts and scholars in the areas of biology and marine agriculture.

Insect Molecular Genetics

Insect Molecular Genetics
An Introduction to Principles and Applications

by Marjorie A. Hoy

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2013-04-09
  • Pages : 838
  • ISBN : 0240821319
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Insect Molecular Genetics, Third Edition, summarizes and synthesizes two rather disparate disciplines—entomology and molecular genetics. This volume provides an introduction to the techniques and literature of molecular genetics; defines terminology; and reviews concepts, principles, and applications of these powerful tools. The world of insect molecular genetics, once dominated by Drosophila, has become much more diverse, especially with the sequencing of multiple arthropod genomes (from spider mites to mosquitoes). This introduction includes discussion of honey bees, mosquitoes, flour beetles, silk moths, fruit flies, aphids, house flies, kissing bugs, cicadas, butterflies, tsetse flies and armyworms. This book serves as both a foundational text and a review of a rapidly growing literature. With fully revised and updated chapters, the third edition will be a valuable addition to the personal libraries of entomologists, geneticists, and molecular biologists. Up-to-date references to important review articles, websites, and seminal citations in the disciplines Well crafted and instructive illustrations integral to explaining the techniques of molecular genetics Glossary of terms to help beginners learn the vocabulary of molecular biology

Probiotics and Prebiotics in Animal Health and Food Safety

Probiotics and Prebiotics in Animal Health and Food Safety
A Book

by Diana Di Gioia,Bruno Biavati

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-02-27
  • Pages : 273
  • ISBN : 3319719505
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book discusses the role of probiotics and prebiotics in maintaining the health status of a broad range of animal groups used for food production. It also highlights the use of beneficial microorganisms as protective agents in animal derived foods. The book provides essential information on the characterization and definition of probiotics on the basis of recently released guidelines and reflecting the latest trends in bacterial taxonomy. Last but not least, it discusses the concept of “dead” probiotics and their benefits to animal health in detail. The book will benefit all professors, students, researchers and practitioners in academia and industry whose work involves biotechnology, veterinary sciences or food production.

Fish Vaccination

Fish Vaccination
A Book

by Roar Gudding,Atle Lillehaug,Oystein Evensen

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2014-05-05
  • Pages : 404
  • ISBN : 0470674555
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fish farming, in seawater and in freshwater, in cages, tanks or ponds, makes an ever-increasing and significant contribution to the production of aquatic food in many regions of the world. During the last few decades there has been significant progress and expansion in the aquaculture sector, characterized by intensified production and the exploitation of many new species. Aquaculture must be a sustainable bio-production, environmentally as well as economically. Disease prevention in order to reduce losses, and the use of antimicrobials is crucial in this perspective. Vaccination has, in a few years, become the most important method for disease prevention in aquaculture, and effective prophylaxis based on stimulation of the immune system of the fish is essential for further development of the industry. This book provides general information about disease prevention in fish by vaccination, as well as specific descriptions of the correct use of vaccines against the most important bacterial and viral infectious diseases of aquatic animals. The book is written by some of the world’s leading experts in the subject, drawn from many countries where aquaculture is a significant and expanding part of the economy. Fish Vaccination is an encyclopedia of fish vaccinology for every present and future aquaculturist. Professionals in the aquaculture sector, including fish veterinarians and fish biologists, within the industry, in scientific institutions and regulatory authorities will all find a huge wealth of commercially important knowledge within this book. Libraries in all universities where aquaculture, biological and veterinary sciences are studied and taught should have copies of this important book on their shelves.

Cleaner Fish Biology and Aquaculture Applications

Cleaner Fish Biology and Aquaculture Applications
A Book

by Jim Treasurer

  • Publisher : 5m Books Ltd
  • Release : 2018-03-29
  • Pages : 528
  • ISBN : 1912158221
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Cleaner fish are increasingly being deployed in aquaculture as a means of biological control of parasitic sea lice, and, consequently, the farming of wrasse and lumpfish, the main cleaner fish species in current use in salmon farming, is now one of the fastest expanding aquaculture, sectors with over 40 hatcheries in Norway alone. This book reviews and presents new knowledge on the biology of the utilised cleaner fish species, and provides protocols in cleaner fish rearing, deployment, health, and welfare. The latest knowledge is presented on specialist technical areas, such as: cleaner fish nutrition; genetics; immunology and vaccinology; transport; and more. Contributions from over 60 leading researchers and producers give an exciting mix of information and debate. Written by a team of internationally-recognised experts in cleaner fish biology, culture, and deployment this book will be an essential purchase for hatchery managers, salmonid producers, fish farm operatives, researchers, regulators, students, and enthusiasts working with, and interested in, cleaner fish.

Immunology

Immunology
Mucosal and Body Surface Defences

by Andrew E. Williams

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2011-10-04
  • Pages : 472
  • ISBN : 1119979889
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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2012 PROSE Award, Clinical Medicine: Honorable Mention The vast majority of medically important pathogens infect their host across a body surface such as the skin, or across a mucosal tissue such as the respiratory tract or intestines, as these sites are the ones exposed to the external environment. By focusing on immunity at mucosal and body surfaces this book presents a fresh, new approach to the teaching of immunology. After an introduction to the basic structure of the immune system, the book looks at two important families of signalling molecules: cytokines and chemokines, before covering the workings of the mucosal immune system. It continues by examining immunity against the four major groups of pathogens - viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites, and concludes by looking at disorders of the immune system, mucosal tumour immunology and the process of vaccination. A fresh, new approach to the subject focusing on mucosal and body surfaces. Describes the mucosal immune systems of the gastrointestinal, respiratory and urogenital tracts, as well as the skin. Details the important roles of cytokines and chemokines in an immune response. Separate chapters devoted to immunity against viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites. Includes chapter summaries, boxes with topics of special interest and an extensive glossary. Clearly written and well- illustrated in full colour throughout. Students across a range of disciplines, including biology, biochemistry, biomedicine, medicine and veterinary sciences, will find this book invaluable, both as an introduction to basic immunology and as a guide to mucosal immune defence mechanisms.

Mucosal Immunology

Mucosal Immunology
A Book

by Jiri Mestecky,Michael E. Lamm,Pearay L. Ogra,Warren Strober,John Bienenstock,Jerry R. McGhee,Lloyd Mayer

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2005-02-02
  • Pages : 2064
  • ISBN : 9780080454269
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Mucosal immunology is so important since most infectious agents enter the body through the various mucous membranes, and many common infections take place in or on mucous membranes. Mucosal Immunology, now in its third edition, is the only comprehensive reference covering the basic science and clinical manifestations of mucosal immunology. This book contains new research data, exceptional illustrations, original theory, a new perspective and excellent organization. * The most comprehensive text on mucosal immunology from internationally recognized experts in the field * Includes exceptional color illustrations, new research data, original theory and information on all mucosal diseases * Contains nine new chapters and an expanded appendix

Ongoing Research in Jawed Fish Immunity: Structural and Functional Studies at the Protein and Cellular Levels

Ongoing Research in Jawed Fish Immunity: Structural and Functional Studies at the Protein and Cellular Levels
A Book

by Monica Imarai,Brian Dixon

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2020-06-04
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 288963731X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Knowledge of jawed fish immune systems obtained in the last 15 years has been mostly obtained through the sequencing of genomes of different fish species and from the use of high-throughput techniques such as transcriptomic analysis and RNA sequencing, which has allowed characterization of immune gene responses at the transcriptomic level. Although these have been important tools for exploring the complexities of the immune responses of fish species, the next generation of knowledge requires the use of new tools and methods capable of unveiling the diversity of immune cells and molecules in jawed fish, the network of interactions and responses, and the mechanisms leading to immune protection against pathogens. For more than 10 years, many laboratories have been engaged in developing antibodies against key molecules of jawed fish immune systems in several different species because the lack of sequence conservation of most immune genes makes it impossible to use the large panel of antibodies against mammalian molecules for recognition of fish molecules. The numerous genes encoding cytokines and receptors have now been used to make recombinant proteins available, allowing studies of the complex network of cytokine and receptor functions central to fish immune responses. From many laboratories, new and interesting knowledge about immune cells, their functions and interactions can be studied with the availability of new tools and methods have begun to provide a clear understanding fish immunity at the protein and cellular levels. This Research Topic gives a comprehensive overview of the current knowledge of jawed fish immune responses with a particular emphasis on structural and functional studies at the protein and cellular levels.

Diagnosis and Control of Diseases of Fish and Shellfish

Diagnosis and Control of Diseases of Fish and Shellfish
A Book

by Brian Austin,Aweeda Newaj-Fyzul

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2017-03-20
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 1119152135
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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There has been a continual expansion in aquaculture, such that total production is fast approaching that of wild-caught fisheries. Yet the expansion is marred by continued problems of disease. New pathogens emerge, and others become associated with new conditions. Some of these pathogens become well established, and develop into major killers of aquatic species. Diagnosis and Control of Diseases of Fish and Shellfish focuses on the diagnosis and control of diseases of fish and shellfish, notably those affecting aquaculture. Divided into 12 chapters, the book discusses the range of bacterial, viral and parasitic pathogens, their trends, emerging problems, and the relative significance to aquaculture. Developments in diagnostics and disease management, including the widespread use of serological and molecular methods, are presented. Application/dose and mode of action of prebiotics, probiotics and medicinal plant products used to control disease are examined, as well as the management and hygiene precautions that can be taken to prevent/control the spread of disease. This book will be a valuable resource for researchers, students, diagnosticians, veterinarians, fish pathologists and microbiologists concerned with the management of diseases of fish and shellfish.

Human Oral Mucosa

Human Oral Mucosa
Development, Structure and Function

by Christopher Squier,Kim Brogden

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2010-12-29
  • Pages : 168
  • ISBN : 0470959738
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Human Oral Mucosa: Development, Structure and Function is a new text that reflects the considerable increase in knowledge of oral mucosa that has occurred in recent years. Our understanding of the structure of oral mucosa is now established at a molecular rather than a tissue or cellular level. This in turn has revealed a level of function that was previously not suspected, including a sophisticated barrier to the penetration of exogenous materials, and the synthesis of specific antimicrobial compounds, representing components of the innate immune system. There is also a growing realization of commonality in structure and function between regions of oral mucosa and the mucosae of the esophagus and vagina. The aim of the present volume is to provide a more sophisticated text on human oral mucosa than presently exists in textbooks and to bring together information that is otherwise to be found in separate, specialist volumes into a comprehensive text. It relates structure at the molecular, cellular and tissue level to function and to clinical behavior. The volume is directed to advanced students and researchers in oral biology, as well as those in allied areas of investigation, such as dermatology, gynecology, internal medicine and pathology.

California Fish and Game

California Fish and Game
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2015
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Microplastics in fisheries and aquaculture:

Microplastics in fisheries and aquaculture:
Status of knowledge on their occurrence and implications for aquatic organisms and food safety

by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

  • Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
  • Release : 2018-11-09
  • Pages : 147
  • ISBN : 9251098824
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An overview of the occurrence and effects of microplastics on aquatic organisms, with recommendations regarding seafood safety and security, environmental risk assessment approaches and targeted monitoring of microplastics in the environment.

Sustainable Aquaculture Techniques

Sustainable Aquaculture Techniques
A Book

by Martha Hernandez-Vergara,Carlos Perez-Rostro

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2014-02-19
  • Pages : 276
  • ISBN : 9535112244
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents some innovative developments in sustainable aquaculture practices in the context of environmental protection and seafood production techniques. The chapters are written by experts in their respective areas, so that their contribution represents the progress of their research, which is intended to mark the current frontier in aquaculture practices. Every chapter presents techniques that contribute to good aquaculture practices, where direct and vital nutrition and food, as a source of energy and biomass generation, is fundamentally based. We hope this book supports producers and researchers in their activities and helps to maintain a spirit of environmental protection in the context of production of high quality, nutritional food.

Probiotics

Probiotics
Current Knowledge and Future Prospects

by Shymaa Enany

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2018-07-04
  • Pages : 178
  • ISBN : 1789233860
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Probiotic has been used for centuries especially in fermented dairy products since Metchnikoff associated the intake of fermented milk with prolonged life. Probiotics confer many health benefits to humans, animals, and plants when administered in proper amounts. These benefits include the prevention of gastrointestinal infections and antibiotic-associated diarrhea, the reduction of serum cholesterol and allergenic and atopic complaints, and the protection of the immune system. Furthermore, the proper usage of probiotics could suppress Helicobacter pylori infection and Crohn's disease, improve inflammatory bowel disease, and prevent cancer. In this book, we present specialists with experience in the field of probiotics exploring their current knowledge and their future prospects.

Host and Microbe Adaptations in the Evolution of Immunity

Host and Microbe Adaptations in the Evolution of Immunity
A Book

by Larry J. Dishaw,Gary W. Litman

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2019-12-31
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 2889630226
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The evolution of metazoans has been accompanied by new interfaces with the microbial environment that include biological barriers and surveillance by specialized cell types. Increasingly complex organisms require increased capacities to confront pathogens, achieved by co-evolution of recognition mechanisms and regulatory pathways. Two distinct but interactive forms of immunity have evolved. Innate immunity, shared by all metazoans, is traditionally viewed as simple and non-specific. Adaptive immunity possesses the capacity to anticipate new infectious challenges and recall previous exposures; the most well-understood example of such a system, exhibited by lymphocytes of vertebrates, is based on somatic gene alterations that generate extraordinary specificity in discrimination of molecular structures. Our understanding of immune phylogeny over the past decades has tried to reconcile immunity from a vertebrate standpoint. While informative, such approaches cannot completely address the complex nature of selective pressures brought to bear by the complex microbiota (including pathogens) that co-exist with all metazoans. In recent years, comparative studies (and new technologies) have broadened our concepts of immunity from a systems-wide perspective. Unexpected findings, e.g., genetic expansions of innate receptors, high levels of polymorphism, RNA-based forms of generating diversity, adaptive evolution and functional divergence of gene families and the recognition of novel mediators of adaptive immunity, prompt us to reconsider the very nature of immunity. Even fundamental paradigms as to how the jawed vertebrate adaptive immune system should be structured for “optimal” recognition potential have been disrupted more than once (e.g., the discovery of the multicluster organization and germline joining of immunoglobulin genes in sharks, gene conversion as a mechanism of somatic diversification, absence of IgM or MHC II in certain teleost fishes). Mechanistically, concepts of innate immune memory, often referred to as “trained memory,” have been realized further, with the development of new discoveries in studies of epigenetic regulation of somatic lineages. Immune systems innovate and adapt in a taxon-specific manner, driven by the complexity of interactions with microbial symbionts (commensals, mutualists and pathogens). Immune systems are shaped by selective forces that reflect consequences of dynamic interactions with microbial environments as well as a capacity for rapid change that can be facilitated by genomic instabilities. We have learned that characterizing receptors and receptor interactions is not necessarily the most significant component in understanding the evolution of immunity. Rather, such a subject needs to be understood from a more global perspective and will necessitate re-consideration of the physical barriers that afford protection and the developmental processes that create them. By far, the most significant paradigm shifts in our understanding of immunity and the infection process has been that microbes no longer are considered to be an automatic cause or consequence of illness, but rather integral components of normal physiology and homeostasis. Immune phylogeny has been shaped not only by an arms race with pathogens but also perhaps by mutualistic interactions with resident microbes. This Research Topic updates and extends the previous eBook on Changing Views of the Evolution of Immunity and contains peer-reviewed submissions of original research, reviews and opinions.

Success Factors for Fish Larval Production

Success Factors for Fish Larval Production
A Book

by Luis Conceicao

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2018-03-26
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN : 1119072166
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A comprehensive and authoritative synthesis on the successful production of fish larvae Success Factors for Fish Larval Production is a vital resource that includes the most current understanding of larval biology, in the context of larval production. The text covers topics such as how external (environmental and nutritional) and internal (molecular/ developmental/ physiological/ behavioral/ genetic) factors interact in defining the phenotype and quality of fish larvae and juveniles. The expert contributors review broodstock genetics and husbandry, water quality, larval nutrition and feeding, growth physiology, health, metamorphosis, underlying molecular mechanisms, including epigenetics, for development, larval behavior and environmental conditions. Compiled by members of a European Union-funded consortium of top researchers, Success Factors for Fish Larval Production provides a wide-range of authoritative information for the aquaculture industry and academia. In addition to a wealth of information, the authors review research and commercially applicable larval quality indicators and predictors. The successful production of good-quality fish larvae is of vital importance for fish farming and stock enhancement of wild fisheries: Includes contributions from a consortium of noted researchers and experts in the field Deals with on how to improve egg quality and larval production via broodstock management and nutrition Suggests ways to control the phenotype of juveniles and table-size fish via manipulations of the conditions of larval rearing (e.g., epigenetics) Includes ideas for optimizing diet composition, formulation, and technology Integrates knowledge and practical experience in order to help advancing excellence in aquaculture Success Factors for Fish Larval Production offers fish biologists, developmental biologists, physiologists and zoologists the most current and reliable information on the topic. All those working in fish aquaculture facilities and hatcheries in particular will find great interest to their commercial operations within this book.

Fish Physiology: The Multifunctional Gut of Fish

Fish Physiology: The Multifunctional Gut of Fish
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2010-10-21
  • Pages : 460
  • ISBN : 9780080961361
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Multifunctional Gut of Fish provides a comprehensive synthesis and an integrative overview of the range of gut functions and their implications for organismal physiology. The highly diversified anatomy and functions of the gut, including nutrient uptake, immune barrier function, salt and water homeostasis and respiration, as well as neuroendocrine actions and control are covered in detail by leading authors. In addition, this volume explores the pronounced implications of gut function for whole animal integrative physiology and compensatory demands for non-gastrointestinal organs. As the first comprehensive reference to discuss the diverse morphological and functional adaptations of the gut, this volume provides an excellent resource for comparative physiologists, aquaculturists and biomedical researchers employing fish as model organisms for mammalian physiology. Includes chapters dedicated to anatomical and functional features of the gastro-intestinal tract of fish as well as integrative aspects of gut organ function Includes in depth coverage of recently recognized implications of feeding on salt homeostasis and acid-base balance Provides syntheses of implications of gut function for homeostasis Essential text for those interested in the wide diversity of functions performed by the gut