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Multidimensional Analytical Techniques in Environmental Research

Multidimensional Analytical Techniques in Environmental Research
A Book

by Regina Duarte,Armando C. Duarte

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-06-06
  • Pages : 314
  • ISBN : 0128188979
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Multidimensional Analytical Techniques in Environmental Research is a comprehensive resource on the many multidimensional analytical strategies to qualitatively and quantitatively assess and map the organic and inorganic pollutants in complex atmospheric, water and soil matrices. During the past two decades, the rapidly-evolving field of analytical instrumentation has produced sophisticated multidimensional tools capable of providing unique and in-depth knowledge on the chemical features of complex mixtures from these different environmental matrices. This book brings together the wealth of information in the current literature, assisting in the decision-making process by covering both the fundamentals and applications of these methodologies. Sections cover the wide variety of multidimensional analytical techniques, including multidimensional solution- and solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, ultrahigh-resolution mass spectrometry (MS), two-dimensional correlation spectroscopy, two-dimensional liquid and gas chromatography and capillary electrophoresis coupled to high-resolution detection techniques, and excitation-emission (EEM) fluorescence spectroscopy assisted by multiway data analysis tools, and the use of synchrotron-radiation-based techniques combined with other spectroscopic approaches to explore and map the speciation of elements. Identifies state-of-the-art multidimensional analytical methods for targeted and untargeted profiling of complex mixtures from different environmental matrices (soil, sediment, water, and air) Assesses the advantages and limitations of the most modern and sophisticated multidimensional analytical methods in environmental research Highlights the current challenges and potential future directions in the application of multidimensional analytical tools to advance the current understanding on the dynamics and fate of environmental pollutants in different environmental matrices

Application of IC-MS and IC-ICP-MS in Environmental Research

Application of IC-MS and IC-ICP-MS in Environmental Research
A Book

by Rajmund Michalski

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2016-05-20
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 1119085489
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Introduces the reader to the field of ion chromatography, species analysis and hyphenated methods IC-MS and IC-ICP-MS including the theory and theirs applications Covers the importance of species analysis and hyphenated methods in ion chromatography Includes practical applications of IC-MS and IC-ICP-MS in environmental analysis Details sample preparation methods for ion chromatography Discusses hyphenated methods IC-MS and IC-ICP-MS used in determining both the total element contents and its elements Details speciation analysis used in studying biochemical cycles of selected chemical compounds; determining toxicity and ecotoxicity of elements; food and pharmaceuticals quality control; and in technological process control and clinical analytics

Research Opportunities for Deactivating and Decommissioning Department of Energy Facilities

Research Opportunities for Deactivating and Decommissioning Department of Energy Facilities
A Book

by National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Radioactive Waste Management,Committee on Long-Term Research Needs for Deactivation and Decommissioning at Department of Energy Sites

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 2001-10-01
  • Pages : 148
  • ISBN : 0309075955
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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When the Cold War abruptly ended, DOE halted most nuclear materials production. In 1995, Congress chartered DOE's Environmental Management Science Program (EMSP) to bring the nation's scientific infrastructure to bear on EM's most difficult, long-term cleanup challenges. The EMSP provides grants to investigators in industry, national laboratories, and universities to undertake research that may help address these cleanup challenges. On several occasions the EMSP has asked the National Academies for advice on developing its research agenda. This report resulted from a 15-month study by an Academies committee on long-term research needs for deactivation and decommissioning (D&D) at DOE sites.

Person-Environment-Behavior Research

Person-Environment-Behavior Research
Investigating Activities and Experiences in Spaces and Environments

by Douglas Amedeo,Reginald G. Golledge,Robert J. Stimson

  • Publisher : Guilford Press
  • Release : 2008-09-26
  • Pages : 389
  • ISBN : 1609181077
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Research into spatial influences on people's everyday activities and experiences presents many conceptual and methodological complexities. Written by leading authorities, this book provides a comprehensive framework for collecting and analyzing reliable person–environment–behavior data in real-world settings that rarely resemble the controlled conditions described in typical texts. An array of research designs are illustrated in chapter-length examples addressing such compelling issues as spatial patterns of voting behavior, ways in which disabilities affect people's travel and wayfinding, how natural and built environments evoke emotional responses, spatial factors in elementary teaching and learning, and more. A special chapter guides the student or beginning researcher to craft a successful research proposal.

Urban Atmospheric Aerosols

Urban Atmospheric Aerosols
Sources, Analysis and Effects

by Regina M. B. O. Duarte,Armando da Costa Duarte

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2021-02-24
  • Pages : 146
  • ISBN : 3039439316
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The challenges faced by the atmospheric research community today are vast, complex, and multi-faceted. The book Urban Atmospheric Aerosols: Sources, Analysis, and Effects highlights important aspects concerning the chemical and optical properties, size distribution, sources, and potential health effects of fine urban air particles (PM2.5). The physical and chemical characterization of PM2.5, its source assignment, and the assessment of the magnitude and distribution of its emissions are crucial for establishing effective fine air particle regulations and assessing the associated risks to human health. This book brings together eight papers covering the main topics of the field and will be of interest to researchers who are interested in air quality in outdoor and indoor environments, air particle toxicity, and atmospheric chemistry, as well as global climate modelers.

Human Behavior and Environment

Human Behavior and Environment
Advances in Theory and Research

by Irwin Altman,Joachim F. Wohlwill

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 342
  • ISBN : 1468408089
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The papers comprising this second volume of Human Behavior and the Environment represent, as do their predecessors, a cross section of current work in the broad area of problems dealing with interrelation ships between the physical environment and human behavior, at both the individual and the aggregate levels. Considering the two volumes as a unit, we have included papers covering a broad spectrum of problems ranging from the theoretical to the applied, and from the disciplinary-based to the interdisciplinary and professional. Approxi mately half of the papers are written by psychologists, with the remainder coming, in part, from such other disciplines as sociology, geography, and from such diverse applied and professional fields as natural recreation, landscape architecture, urban planning, and opera tions research. The volumes thus provide an overview of work on current topical problems. Yet, as the field is developing, specialization is inevitably increasing apace, and the editors as well as the publisher have become convinced of the desirability for futu're volumes in this series to be organized along topical lines, with successive volumes devoted to different aspects of this rather sprawling field. Thus, Volume 3, currently in the planning stage, will be devoted exclusively to the interaction of children with the physical environment, considered from diverse viewpoints, again including authors from diverse fields of specialization.

Analytical Techniques in the Oil and Gas Industry for Environmental Monitoring

Analytical Techniques in the Oil and Gas Industry for Environmental Monitoring
A Book

by Melissa N. Dunkle,William L. Winniford

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2020-08-18
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN : 1119523303
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A thorough introduction to environmental monitoring in the oil and gas industry Analytical Techniques in the Oil and Gas Industry for Environmental Monitoring examines the analytical side of the oil and gas industry as it also provides an overall introduction to the industry. You’ll discover how oil and natural gas are sourced, refined, and processed. You can learn about what’s produced from oil and natural gas, and why evaluating these sourced resources is important. The book discusses the conventional analyses for oil and natural gas feeds, along with their limitations. It offers detailed descriptions of advanced analytical techniques that are commercially available, plus explanations of gas and oil industry equipment and instrumentation. You’ll find technique descriptions supplemented with a list of references as well as with real-life application examples. With this book as a reference, you can prepare to apply specific analytical methods in your organization’s lab environment. Analytical Techniques can also serve as your comprehensive resource on key techniques in the characterization of oil and gas samples, within both refinery and environmental contexts. Understand of the scope of oil and gas industry techniques available Consider the benefits and limitations of each available process Prepare for applying analytical techniques in your lab See real examples and a list of references for each technique Read descriptions of off-line analytics, as well as on-line and process applications As a chemist, engineer, instructor, or student, this book will also expand your awareness of the role these techniques have in environmental monitoring and environmental impact assessments.

Entrepreneurship Theories and Their Use in Rural Development

Entrepreneurship Theories and Their Use in Rural Development
An Annotated Bibliography

by Martha Frederick

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1989
  • Pages : 82
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Bibliographies and Literature of Agriculture

Bibliographies and Literature of Agriculture
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1989
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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U.S. Agriculture and Foreign Workers

U.S. Agriculture and Foreign Workers
An Annotated Bibliography

by Robert D. Emerson

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1988
  • Pages : 112
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Handbook of Research methods and Applications in Environmental Studies

Handbook of Research methods and Applications in Environmental Studies

by Matthias Ruth,

  • Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
  • Release : 2015-08-28
  • Pages : 552
  • ISBN : 1783474645
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This Handbook presents methods to advance the understanding of interdependencies between the well-being of human societies and the performance of their biophysical environment. It showcases applications to material and energy use; urbanization and tech

Encyclopedia of Analytical Science

Encyclopedia of Analytical Science
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-04-02
  • Pages : 5109
  • ISBN : 008101984X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The third edition of the Encyclopedia of Analytical Science is a definitive collection of articles covering the latest technologies in application areas such as medicine, environmental science, food science and geology. Meticulously organized, clearly written and fully interdisciplinary, the Encyclopedia of Analytical Science provides foundational knowledge across the scope of modern analytical chemistry, linking fundamental topics with the latest methodologies. Articles will cover three broad areas: analytical techniques (e.g., mass spectrometry, liquid chromatography, atomic spectrometry); areas of application (e.g., forensic, environmental and clinical); and analytes (e.g., arsenic, nucleic acids and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons), providing a one-stop resource for analytical scientists. Offers readers a one-stop resource with access to information across the entire scope of modern analytical science Presents articles split into three broad areas: analytical techniques, areas of application and and analytes, creating an ideal resource for students, researchers and professionals Provides concise and accessible information that is ideal for non-specialists and readers from undergraduate levels and higher

Analytical Techniques and Methods for Biomass

Analytical Techniques and Methods for Biomass
A Book

by Sílvio Vaz Jr.

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-10-27
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN : 3319414143
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book deals with the application of techniques and methods of chemical analysis for the study of biomass and its conversion processes, aiming to fill the current gap in the book literature on the subject. The use of various techniques and analytical methods is presented and discussed in a straightforward manner, providing the reader with the possibility of choosing the most appropriate methodologies for analysis of the major classes of plant biomass and its products. In the present volume, a select group of international specialists describes different approaches to understand the biomass structure, their physical and chemical properties, the parameters of conversion processes, the products and by-products formation and quantification, quality parameters, etc. Modern chemistry plays a strong economic role in industrial activities based on biomass, with an increasing trend of the importance of its application from the deployment of biorefineries and the principles of green chemistry, which make use of the potential of biomass with decreasing impact negative environmental. In this context, analytical chemistry can contribute significantly to the supply chains of biomass, be it plant or animal origin; however, with the first offering the greatest challenges and the greatest opportunity for technical, scientific and economic progress, given its diversified chemical constitution. Thus, the chemical analysis can be used to examine the composition for characterizing physicochemical properties and to monitor their conversion processes, in order to obtain better products and uses of biomass. The quality of the biomass used determines the product quality. Therefore, reliable information is required about the chemical composition of the biomass to establish the best use (e.g., most suitable conversion process and its conditions), which will influence harvest and preparation steps. Conversion processes should be monitored for their yield, integrity, safety, and environmental impact. Effluent or residues should be monitored and analyzed for environmental control. Co-products need to be monitored to avoid interference with the product yield and product purity; however, co-products are also a good opportunity to add value to the biomass chain. Finally, products need to be monitored and analyzed to determine their yields and purity and to ensure their quality. In this context, analytical chemistry can contribute significantly to the biomass supply chains, be it of plant or animal origin.

Environmental Research at the Leading Edge

Environmental Research at the Leading Edge
A Book

by Alfred B. Gore

  • Publisher : Nova Publishers
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 353
  • ISBN : 9781600214318
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The environment is considered the surroundings in which an organism operates, including air, water, land, natural resources, flora, fauna, humans and their interrelation. It is this environment which is both so valuable, on the one hand, and so endangered on the other. And it is people who are by and large ruining the environment both for themselves and for all other organisms. This book reviews the latest research in this field which is vital for everyone.

Application of IC-MS and IC-ICP-MS in Environmental Research

Application of IC-MS and IC-ICP-MS in Environmental Research
A Book

by Rajmund Michalski

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2016-05-17
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 1119085470
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Introduces the reader to the field of ion chromatography, species analysis and hyphenated methods IC-MS and IC-ICP-MS including the theory and theirs applications Covers the importance of species analysis and hyphenated methods in ion chromatography Includes practical applications of IC-MS and IC-ICP-MS in environmental analysis Details sample preparation methods for ion chromatography Discusses hyphenated methods IC-MS and IC-ICP-MS used in determining both the total element contents and its elements Details speciation analysis used in studying biochemical cycles of selected chemical compounds; determining toxicity and ecotoxicity of elements; food and pharmaceuticals quality control; and in technological process control and clinical analytics

Directory of Research Grants 2002

Directory of Research Grants 2002
A Book

by Grants Program,Oryx Publishing

  • Publisher : Greenwood
  • Release : 2002
  • Pages : 908
  • ISBN : 9781573564885
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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More than 5,100 current programs from 1,880 sponsors, including U.S. and foreign foundations, corporations, government agencies, and other organizations.

Publications of the National Institute of Standards and Technology ... Catalog

Publications of the National Institute of Standards and Technology ... Catalog
A Book

by National Institute of Standards and Technology (U.S.)

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1994
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Summaries of Projects Completed

Summaries of Projects Completed
A Book

by National Science Foundation (U.S.)

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Summaries of Projects Completed in Fiscal Year ...

Summaries of Projects Completed in Fiscal Year ...
A Book

by National Science Foundation (U.S.)

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1978
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Technological Innovations in Sensing and Detection of Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear Threats and Ecological Terrorism

Technological Innovations in Sensing and Detection of Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear Threats and Ecological Terrorism
A Book

by Ashok Vaseashta,Eric Braman,Philip Susmann

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-01-05
  • Pages : 406
  • ISBN : 940072487X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book arises from the NATO Advanced Study Institute “Technological Innovations in Detection and Sensing of CBRN Agents and Ecological Terrorism” held in Chisinau, Republic of Moldova in June 2010. It comprises a variety of invited contributions by highly experienced educators, scientists, and industrialists, and is structured to cover important aspects of the field that include developments in chemical-biological, and radiation sensing, synthesis and processing of sensors, and applications of sensors in detecting/monitoring contaminants introduced/dispersed inadvertently or intentionally in air, water, and food supplies. The book emphasizes nanomaterials and nanotechnology based sensing and also includes a section on sensing and detection technologies that can be applied to information security. Finally, it examines regional, national, and international policies and ethics related to nanomaterials and sensing. It will be of considerable interest and value to those already pursuing or considering careers in the field of nanostructured materials and nanotechnology based sensing, In general, it serves as a valuable source of information for those interested in how nanomaterials and nanotechnologies are advancing the field of sensing, detection, and remediation, policy makers, and commanders in the field.