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Multiscale Modeling of Additively Manufactured Metals

Multiscale Modeling of Additively Manufactured Metals
Application to Laser Powder Bed Fusion Process

by Yi Zhang,Yeon-Gil Jung,Jing Zhang

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-06-29
  • Pages : 250
  • ISBN : 0128225599
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Multiscale Modeling of Additively Manufactured Metals: Application to Laser Powder Bed Fusion Process provides comprehensive coverage on the latest methodology in additive manufacturing (AM) modeling and simulation. Although there are extensive advances within the AM field, challenges to predictive theoretical and computational approaches still hinder the widespread adoption of AM. The book reviews metal additive materials and processes and discusses multiscale/multiphysics modeling strategies. In addition, coverage of modeling and simulation of AM process in order to understand the process-structure-property relationship is reviewed, along with the modeling of morphology evolution, phase transformation, and defect formation in AM parts. Residual stress, distortion, plasticity/damage in AM parts are also considered, with scales associated with the spatial, temporal and/or material domains reviewed. This book is useful for graduate students, engineers and professionals working on AM materials, equipment, process, development and modeling. Includes the fundamental principles of additive manufacturing modeling techniques Presents various modeling tools/software for AM modeling Discusses various design methods and how to optimize the AM process using these models

Fundamentals of Laser Powder Bed Fusion of Metals

Fundamentals of Laser Powder Bed Fusion of Metals
A Book

by Igor Yadroitsev,Ina Yadroitsava,Anton Du Plessis,Eric MacDonald

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-05-23
  • Pages : 676
  • ISBN : 0128240911
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Laser powder bed fusion of metals is a technology that makes use of a laser beam to selectively melt metal powder layer-by-layer in order to fabricate complex geometries in high performance materials. The technology is currently transforming aerospace and biomedical manufacturing and its adoption is widening into other industries as well, including automotive, energy, and traditional manufacturing. With an increase in design freedom brought to bear by additive manufacturing, new opportunities are emerging for designs not possible previously and in material systems that now provide sufficient performance to be qualified in end-use mission-critical applications. After decades of research and development, laser powder bed fusion is now enabling a new era of digitally driven manufacturing. Fundamentals of Laser Powder Bed Fusion of Metals will provide the fundamental principles in a broad range of topics relating to metal laser powder bed fusion. The target audience includes new users, focusing on graduate and undergraduate students; however, this book can also serve as a reference for experienced users as well, including senior researchers and engineers in industry. The current best practices are discussed in detail, as well as the limitations, challenges, and potential research and commercial opportunities moving forward. Presents laser powder bed fusion fundamentals, as well as their inherent challenges Provides an up-to-date summary of this advancing technology and its potential Provides a comprehensive textbook for universities, as well as a reference for industry Acts as quick-reference guide

Quality Analysis of Additively Manufactured Metals

Quality Analysis of Additively Manufactured Metals
Simulation Approaches, Processes, and Microstructure Properties

by Javad Kadkhodapour,Siegfried Schmauder,Felix Sajadi

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2022-06-15
  • Pages : 540
  • ISBN : 9780323886642
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Quality Analysis of Additively Manufactured Metals: Simulation Approaches, Processes, and Microstructure Properties provides readers with a firm understanding of the failure and fatigue processes of additively manufactured metals. With a focus on computational methods, it analyzes the process-microstructure-property relationship of these metals and how it affects their quality while also providing numerical, analytical, and experimental data for material design and investigation optimization. The book outlines basic additive manufacturing processes for metals, strategies for modeling the microstructural features of metals and how these features differ based on the manufacturing process, methods for optimizing their quality, and techniques for analyzing why they fail. It analyzes failures in metals produced by an array of various additive manufacturing techniques such as laser beam powder bed fusion, direct energy deposition method, binder jet process, and more. Improvement of additively manufactured metals through predictive simulation methods and microdamage and micro-failure in quasi-static and cyclic loading scenarios are covered, as are topology optimization methods and residual stress analysis techniques. The book concludes with a section featuring case studies looking at additively manufactured metals in automotive, biomedical, and aerospace settings. Provides insight and outlines techniques for analyzing why additively manufactured metals fail and strategies for avoiding those failures Defines key terms and concepts related to the failure analysis, quality assurance, and optimization processes of additively manufactured metals Includes simulation results, experimental data, and case studies

Thermo-Mechanical Modeling of Additive Manufacturing

Thermo-Mechanical Modeling of Additive Manufacturing
A Book

by Michael Gouge,Pan Michaleris

  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release : 2017-08-03
  • Pages : 294
  • ISBN : 0128118210
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Thermo-mechanical Modeling of Additive Manufacturing provides the background, methodology and description of modeling techniques to enable the reader to perform their own accurate and reliable simulations of any additive process. Part I provides an in depth introduction to the fundamentals of additive manufacturing modeling, a description of adaptive mesh strategies, a thorough description of thermal losses and a discussion of residual stress and distortion. Part II applies the engineering fundamentals to direct energy deposition processes including laser cladding, LENS builds, large electron beam parts and an exploration of residual stress and deformation mitigation strategies. Part III concerns the thermo-mechanical modeling of powder bed processes with a description of the heat input model, classical thermo-mechanical modeling, and part scale modeling. The book serves as an essential reference for engineers and technicians in both industry and academia, performing both research and full-scale production. Additive manufacturing processes are revolutionizing production throughout industry. These technologies enable the cost-effective manufacture of small lot parts, rapid repair of damaged components and construction of previously impossible-to-produce geometries. However, the large thermal gradients inherent in these processes incur large residual stresses and mechanical distortion, which can push the finished component out of engineering tolerance. Costly trial-and-error methods are commonly used for failure mitigation. Finite element modeling provides a compelling alternative, allowing for the prediction of residual stresses and distortion, and thus a tool to investigate methods of failure mitigation prior to building. Provides understanding of important components in the finite element modeling of additive manufacturing processes necessary to obtain accurate results Offers a deeper understanding of how the thermal gradients inherent in additive manufacturing induce distortion and residual stresses, and how to mitigate these undesirable phenomena Includes a set of strategies for the modeler to improve computational efficiency when simulating various additive manufacturing processes Serves as an essential reference for engineers and technicians in both industry and academia

Data-Driven Modeling for Additive Manufacturing of Metals

Data-Driven Modeling for Additive Manufacturing of Metals
Proceedings of a Workshop

by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,National Materials and Manufacturing Board,Board on Mathematical Sciences and Analytics

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 2019-11-09
  • Pages : 78
  • ISBN : 0309494206
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Additive manufacturing (AM) is the process in which a three-dimensional object is built by adding subsequent layers of materials. AM enables novel material compositions and shapes, often without the need for specialized tooling. This technology has the potential to revolutionize how mechanical parts are created, tested, and certified. However, successful real-time AM design requires the integration of complex systems and often necessitates expertise across domains. Simulation-based design approaches, such as those applied in engineering product design and material design, have the potential to improve AM predictive modeling capabilities, particularly when combined with existing knowledge of the underlying mechanics. These predictive models have the potential to reduce the cost of and time for concept-to-final-product development and can be used to supplement experimental tests. The National Academies convened a workshop on October 24-26, 2018 to discuss the frontiers of mechanistic data-driven modeling for AM of metals. Topics of discussion included measuring and modeling process monitoring and control, developing models to represent microstructure evolution, alloy design, and part suitability, modeling phases of process and machine design, and accelerating product and process qualification and certification. These topics then led to the assessment of short-, immediate-, and long-term challenges in AM. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

Additive Manufacturing Applications for Metals and Composites

Additive Manufacturing Applications for Metals and Composites
A Book

by Balasubramanian, K.R.,Senthilkumar, V.

  • Publisher : IGI Global
  • Release : 2020-06-19
  • Pages : 348
  • ISBN : 1799840557
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Additive manufacturing (AM) of metals and composites using laser energy, direct energy deposition, electron beam methods, and wire arc melting have recently gained importance due to their advantages in fabricating the complex structure. Today, it has become possible to reliably manufacture dense parts with certain AM processes for many materials, including steels, aluminum and titanium alloys, superalloys, metal-based composites, and ceramic matrix composites. In the near future, the AM material variety will most likely grow further, with high-performance materials such as intermetallic compounds and high entropy alloys already under investigation. Additive Manufacturing Applications for Metals and Composites is a pivotal reference source that provides vital research on advancing methods and technological developments within additive manufacturing practices. Special attention is paid to the material design of additive manufacturing of parts, the choice of feedstock materials, the metallurgical behavior and synthesis principle during the manufacturing process, and the resulted microstructures and properties, as well as the relationship between these factors. While highlighting topics such as numerical modeling, intermetallic compounds, and statistical techniques, this publication is ideally designed for students, engineers, researchers, manufacturers, technologists, academicians, practitioners, scholars, and educators.

Uncertainty Quantification in Multiscale Materials Modeling

Uncertainty Quantification in Multiscale Materials Modeling
A Book

by Yan Wang,David L. McDowell

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2020-03-10
  • Pages : 604
  • ISBN : 008102942X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Uncertainty Quantification in Multiscale Materials Modeling provides a complete overview of uncertainty quantification (UQ) in computational materials science. It provides practical tools and methods along with examples of their application to problems in materials modeling. UQ methods are applied to various multiscale models ranging from the nanoscale to macroscale. This book presents a thorough synthesis of the state-of-the-art in UQ methods for materials modeling, including Bayesian inference, surrogate modeling, random fields, interval analysis, and sensitivity analysis, providing insight into the unique characteristics of models framed at each scale, as well as common issues in modeling across scales. Synthesizes available UQ methods for materials modeling Provides practical tools and examples for problem solving in modeling material behavior across various length scales Demonstrates UQ in density functional theory, molecular dynamics, kinetic Monte Carlo, phase field, finite element method, multiscale modeling, and to support decision making in materials design Covers quantum, atomistic, mesoscale, and engineering structure-level modeling and simulation

Additive Manufacturing of Metallic Materials with Controlled Microstructures

Additive Manufacturing of Metallic Materials with Controlled Microstructures
Multiscale Modeling of Direct Metal Laser Sintering and Directed Energy Deposition

by Zackery B. McClelland

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2019
  • Pages : 148
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Precision Metal Additive Manufacturing

Precision Metal Additive Manufacturing
A Book

by Richard Leach,Simone Carmignato

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2020-09-21
  • Pages : 404
  • ISBN : 0429791275
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Additive manufacturing (AM) is a fast-growing sector with the ability to evoke a revolution in manufacturing due to its almost unlimited design freedom and its capability to produce personalised parts locally and with efficient material use. AM companies, however, still face technological challenges such as limited precision due to shrinkage, built-in stresses and limited process stability and robustness. Moreover, often post-processing is needed due to high roughness and remaining porosity. Qualified, trained personnel are also in short supply. In recent years, there have been dramatic improvements in AM design methods, process control, post-processing, material properties and material range. However, if AM is going to gain a significant market share, it must be developed into a true precision manufacturing method. The production of precision parts relies on three principles: Production is robust (i.e. all sensitive parameters can be controlled). Production is predictable (for example, the shrinkage that occurs is acceptable because it can be predicted and compensated in the design). Parts are measurable (as without metrology, accuracy, repeatability and quality assurance cannot be known). AM of metals is inherently a high-energy process with many sensitive and inter-related process parameters, making it susceptible to thermal distortions, defects and process drift. The complete modelling of these processes is beyond current computational power, and novel methods are needed to practicably predict performance and inform design. In addition, metal AM produces highly textured surfaces and complex surface features that stretch the limits of contemporary metrology. With so many factors to consider, there is a significant shortage of background material on how to inject precision into AM processes. Shortage in such material is an important barrier for a wider uptake of advanced manufacturing technologies, and a comprehensive book is thus needed. This book aims to inform the reader how to improve the precision of metal AM processes by tackling the three principles of robustness, predictability and metrology, and by developing computer-aided engineering methods that empower rather than limit AM design. Richard Leach is a professor in metrology at the University of Nottingham and heads up the Manufacturing Metrology Team. Prior to this position, he was at the National Physical Laboratory from 1990 to 2014. His primary love is instrument building, from concept to final installation, and his current interests are the dimensional measurement of precision and additive manufactured structures. His research themes include the measurement of surface topography, the development of methods for measuring 3D structures, the development of methods for controlling large surfaces to high resolution in industrial applications and the traceability of X-ray computed tomography. He is a leader of several professional societies and a visiting professor at Loughborough University and the Harbin Institute of Technology. Simone Carmignato is a professor in manufacturing engineering at the University of Padua. His main research activities are in the areas of precision manufacturing, dimensional metrology and industrial computed tomography. He is the author of books and hundreds of scientific papers, and he is an active member of leading technical and scientific societies. He has been chairman, organiser and keynote speaker for several international conferences, and received national and international awards, including the Taylor Medal from CIRP, the International Academy for Production Engineering.

Additive Manufacturing of High-performance Metals and Alloys

Additive Manufacturing of High-performance Metals and Alloys
Modeling and Optimization

by Igor Shishkovsky

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2018-07-11
  • Pages : 154
  • ISBN : 1789233887
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Freedoms in material choice based on combinatorial design, different directions of process optimization, and computational tools are a significant advantage of additive manufacturing technology. The combination of additive and information technologies enables rapid prototyping and rapid manufacturing models on the design stage, thereby significantly accelerating the design cycle in mechanical engineering. Modern and high-demand powder bed fusion and directed energy deposition methods allow obtaining functional complex shapes and functionally graded structures. Until now, the experimental parametric analysis remains as the main method during AM optimization. Therefore, an additional goal of this book is to introduce readers to new modeling and material's optimization approaches in the rapidly changing world of additive manufacturing of high-performance metals and alloys.

Additive Manufacturing, Second Edition

Additive Manufacturing, Second Edition
A Book

by Amit Bandyopadhyay,Susmita Bose

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2019-10-16
  • Pages : 470
  • ISBN : 0429881029
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The field of additive manufacturing is growing dynamically as the interest is persisting from manufacturing sector, including other sectors as well. Conceptually, additive manufacturing is a way to build parts without using any part-specific tooling or dies from the computer-aided design (CAD) file of the part. Second edition of Additive Manufacturing highlights the latest advancements in the field, taking an application oriented approach. It includes new material on traditional polymer based rapid prototyping technologies, additive manufacturing of metals and alloys including related design issues. Each chapter comes with suggested reading, questions for instructors and PowerPoint slides.

Additive Manufacturing Technologies and Applications

Additive Manufacturing Technologies and Applications
A Book

by Salvatore Brischetto,Paolo Maggiore,Carlo Giovanni Ferro

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2018-07-09
  • Pages : 188
  • ISBN : 3038425486
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Additive Manufacturing Technologies and Applications" that was published in Technologies

Additive Manufacturing of Metals: The Technology, Materials, Design and Production

Additive Manufacturing of Metals: The Technology, Materials, Design and Production
A Book

by Li Yang,Keng Hsu,Brian Baughman,Donald Godfrey,Francisco Medina,Mamballykalathil Menon,Soeren Wiener

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-05-11
  • Pages : 168
  • ISBN : 3319551280
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book offers a unique guide to the three-dimensional (3D) printing of metals. It covers various aspects of additive, subtractive, and joining processes used to form three-dimensional parts with applications ranging from prototyping to production. Examining a variety of manufacturing technologies and their ability to produce both prototypes and functional production-quality parts, the individual chapters address metal components and discuss some of the important research challenges associated with the use of these technologies. As well as exploring the latest technologies currently under development, the book features unique sections on electron beam melting technology, material lifting, and the importance this science has in the engineering context. Presenting unique real-life case studies from industry, this book is also the first to offer the perspective of engineers who work in the field of aerospace and transportation systems, and who design components and manufacturing networks. Written by the leading experts in this field at universities and in industry, it provides a comprehensive textbook for students and an invaluable guide for practitioners

Multiscale Lattices and Composite Materials: Optimal Design, Modeling and Characterization

Multiscale Lattices and Composite Materials: Optimal Design, Modeling and Characterization
A Book

by Fernando Fraternali,Chiara Daraio,Julian J. Rimoli

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2019-11-26
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 2889631850
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Cyclic Plasticity of Metals

Cyclic Plasticity of Metals
Modeling Fundamentals and Applications

by Hamid Jahed,Ali A. Roostaei

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-11-11
  • Pages : 468
  • ISBN : 0128192941
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Cyclic Plasticity of Metals: Modeling Fundamentals and Applications provides an exhaustive overview of the fundamentals and applications of various cyclic plasticity models including forming and spring back, notch analysis, fatigue life prediction, and more. Covering metals with an array of different structures, such as hexagonal close packed (HCP), face centered cubic (FCC), and body centered cubic (BCC), the book starts with an introduction to experimental macroscopic and microscopic observations of cyclic plasticity and then segues into a discussion of the fundamentals of the different cyclic plasticity models, covering topics such as kinematics, stress and strain tensors, elasticity, plastic flow rule, and an array of other concepts. A review of the available models follows, and the book concludes with chapters covering finite element implementation and industrial applications of the various models. Reviews constitutive cyclic plasticity models for various metals and alloys with different cell structures (cubic, hexagonal, and more), allowing for more accurate evaluation of a component’s performance under loading Provides real-world industrial context by demonstrating applications of cyclic plasticity models in the analysis of engineering components Overview of latest models allows researchers to extend available models or develop new ones for analysis of an array of metals under more complex loading conditions

Laser-Based Additive Manufacturing of Metal Parts

Laser-Based Additive Manufacturing of Metal Parts
Modeling, Optimization, and Control of Mechanical Properties

by Linkan Bian,Nima Shamsaei,John Usher

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2017-08-09
  • Pages : 328
  • ISBN : 1351647482
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Laser-Based Additive Manufacturing (LBAM) technologies, hailed by some as the "third industrial revolution," can increase product performance, while reducing time-to-market and manufacturing costs. This book is a comprehensive look at new technologies in LBAM of metal parts, covering topics such as mechanical properties, microstructural features, thermal behavior and solidification, process parameters, optimization and control, uncertainty quantification, and more. The book is aimed at addressing the needs of a diverse cross-section of engineers and professionals.

Smart Energy Empowerment in Smart and Resilient Cities

Smart Energy Empowerment in Smart and Resilient Cities
Renewable Energy for Smart and Sustainable Cities

by Mustapha Hatti

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2019-12-24
  • Pages : 703
  • ISBN : 3030372073
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Renewable Energetic Systems, IC-AIRES2019, 26-28 November 2019, Taghit-Bechar, Algeria. The challenges of the energy transition in the medium term lead to numerous technological breakthroughs in the areas of production, optimal distribution and the rational use of energy and renewable energy (energy efficiency and optimization of consumption, massive electrification, monitoring and control energy systems, cogeneration and energy recovery processes, new and renewable energies, etc.). The fall in the cost of renewable energies and the desire for a local control of energy production are today calling for a profound change in the electricity system. Local authorities are at the center of energy developments by taking into account the local nature of certain energy systems, heat networks, geothermal energy, waste heat recovery, and electricity generation from household waste. On the other side, digital sciences are at the heart of connected objects and intelligent products that combine information processing and communication capabilities with their environment. Digital technology is at the center of new systems engineering approaches (3D modeling, virtualization, simulation, digital prototyping, etc.) for the design and development of intelligent systems. The book deals with various topics ranging from the design, development and maintenance of energy production systems, transport, distribution or storage of energy, optimization of energy efficiency, especially in the use of energy. innovation in the fields of energy production from renewable energies, management of energy networks: electricity, fluids, gas, district heating, energy storage modes: battery, super-capacitors , overseeing energy supply through supervision, control and diagnosis, risk management, as well as the design and management of smart grids: microgrid, smartgrid. This imposes the model of energy empowerment in the advent of smart cities. Empower the world’s most vulnerable energy-poor citizens and establish growing and vibrant socioeconomic communities, by academics, students in engineering and data computing from around the world who have chosen an academic path leading to an electric power and energy engineering and artificial intelligence to advancing technology for the advantage of humanity.

Alloy Design and Process Innovations

Alloy Design and Process Innovations
Alloy Design and Process Innovations Volume 1

by Prashanth Konda Gokuldoss,Zhi Wang

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2020-04-15
  • Pages : 372
  • ISBN : 3039283529
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Additive manufacturing (AM) is one of the manufacturing processes that warrants the attention of industrialists, researchers and scientists, because of its ability to produce materials with a complex shape without theoretical restrictions and with added functionalities. There are several advantages to employing additive manufacturing as the primary additive manufacturing process. However, there exist several challenges that need to be addressed systematically. A couple such issues are alloy design and process development. Traditionally alloys designed for conventional cast/powder metallurgical processes were fabricated using advanced AM processes. This is the wrong approach considering that the alloys should be coined based on the process characteristics and meta-stable nature of the process. Hence, we must focus on alloy design and development for AM that suits the AM processes. The AM processes, however, improve almost every day, either in terms of processing capabilities or processing conditions. Hence, the processing part warrants a section that is devoted to these advancements and innovations. Accordingly, the present Special Issue (book) focuses on two aspects of alloy development and process innovations. Here, 45 articles are presented covering different AM processes including selective laser melting, electron beam melting, laser cladding, direct metal laser sintering, ultrasonic consolidation, wire arc additive manufacturing, and hybrid manufacturing. I believe that this Special Issue bears is vital to the field of AM and will be a valuable addition.

Innovations in Additive Manufacturing

Innovations in Additive Manufacturing
A Book

by M. Adam Khan,J. T. Winowlin Jappes

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2022
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 3030894010
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents the history, fundamentals, process development, applications, post-processing, and experimental results from additive manufacturing. The chapters cover surface treatments, modification, advancements in heat treatment, mechanical hardening and its effect on the material properties. This book also presents content on simulation, modeling, and optimization of materials processing and surface engineering techniques.

Modeling and Optimization in Manufacturing

Modeling and Optimization in Manufacturing
Toward Greener Production by Integrating Computer Simulation

by Catalin I. Pruncu,Jun Jiang

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2021-05-03
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 3527346945
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Discover the state-of-the-art in multiscale modeling and optimization in manufacturing from two leading voices in the field Modeling and Optimization in Manufacturing delivers a comprehensive approach to various manufacturing processes and shows readers how multiscale modeling and optimization processes help improve upon them. The book elaborates on the foundations and applications of computational modeling and optimization processes, as well as recent developments in the field. It offers discussions of manufacturing processes, including forming, machining, casting, joining, coating, and additive manufacturing, and how computer simulations have influenced their development. Examples for each category of manufacturing are provided in the text, and industrial applications are described for the reader. The distinguished authors also provide an insightful perspective on likely future trends and developments in manufacturing modeling and optimization, including the use of large materials databases and machine learning. Readers will also benefit from the inclusion of: A thorough introduction to the origins of manufacturing, the history of traditional and advanced manufacturing, and recent progress in manufacturing An exploration of advanced manufacturing and the environmental impact and significance of manufacturing Practical discussions of the economic importance of advanced manufacturing An examination of the sustainability of advanced manufacturing, and developing and future trends in manufacturing Perfect for materials scientists, mechanical engineers, and process engineers, Modeling and Optimization in Manufacturing will also earn a place in the libraries of engineering scientists in industries seeking a one-stop reference on multiscale modeling and optimization in manufacturing.