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Nano- and Micro-mechanics of Polymer Blends and Composites

Nano- and Micro-mechanics of Polymer Blends and Composites
A Book

by József Karger-Kocsis,Stoyko Fakirov

  • Publisher : Hanser Verlag
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 604
  • ISBN : 9783446413238
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"The aim of this book is to give a state-of-art overview on aspects of micro- and nanomechanics of polymers, polymeric blends and composites"--Provided by publisher.

Micro and Nano Fibrillar Composites (MFCs and NFCs) from Polymer Blends

Micro and Nano Fibrillar Composites (MFCs and NFCs) from Polymer Blends
A Book

by Sabu Thomas,Raghvendra Mishra,Nandakumar Kalarikkal

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2017-06-19
  • Pages : 372
  • ISBN : 0081019920
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Micro and Nano Fibrillar Composites (MFCs and NFCs) from Polymer Blends is a comprehensive reference for researchers, students and scientists working in the field of plastics recycling and composites. The book aims to determine the influence of micro and nanofibrillar morphology on the properties of immiscible blend systems. Chapters cover micro and nanofibrillar composites based on polyolefin, liquid crystal polymer, biodegradable polymers, polyester and polyamide blends in various industrial application fields. The book brings together panels of highly-accomplished experts in the field of plastics recycling, blends and composites systems. For several decades, plastic technology has played an important role in many industrial applications, such as packaging, automobiles, aerospace and construction. However the increasing use of plastics creates a lot of waste. This has led to restrictions on the use of some plastics for certain applications and a drive towards recycling of plastics. More recently, microfibrillar in-situ composites have been prepared from waste plastics such as PET/PP, PET/PE and Nylon/PP as a way of formulating new high performance polymer systems. This book tackles these issues and more, and is an ideal resource for anyone interested in polymer blends. Provides information on MFC and NFC based polymer blends that have been accumulated over the last 25 years, providing a useful reference Adopts a novel approach in terms of understanding the relationship between processing, morphology, structure, properties and applications in micro and nanofibrillar composites Contains contributions from leading experts in the field from both industrial and academic research

Shape Memory Polymers, Blends and Composites

Shape Memory Polymers, Blends and Composites
Advances and Applications

by Jyotishkumar Parameswaranpillai,Suchart Siengchin,Jinu Jacob George,Seno Jose

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-07-01
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9811385742
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book explores the recent advances in the field of shape memory polymers, whose ease of manufacturing and wide range of potential applications have spurred interest in the field. The book presents details about the synthesis, processing, characterization, and applications of shape memory polymers, their blends and composites. It provides a correlation of physical properties of shape memory polymers with macro, micro and nano structures. The contents of this book will be of interest to researchers across academia and industry.

Recent Developments in Polymer Macro, Micro and Nano Blends

Recent Developments in Polymer Macro, Micro and Nano Blends
Preparation and Characterisation

by P. M. Visakh,Gordana Markovic,Daniel Pasquini

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2016-08-24
  • Pages : 342
  • ISBN : 0081004273
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Recent Developments in Polymer Macro, Micro and Nano Blends: Preparation and Characterisation discusses the various types of techniques that are currently used for the characterization of polymer-based macro, micro, and nano blends. It summarizes recent technical research accomplishments, emphasizing a broad range of characterization methods. In addition, the book discusses preparation methods and applications for various types of polymer-based macro, micro, and nano blends. Chapters include thermoplastic-based polymer & nano blends, applications of rubber based and thermoplastic blends, micro/nanostructures polymer blends containing block copolymers, advances in polymer-inorganic hybrids as membrane materials, synthesis of polymer/inorganic hybrids through heterophase polymerizations, nanoporous polymer foams from nanostructured polymer blends, and natural polymeric biodegradable nano blends for protein delivery. Describes the techniques pertaining to a kind (or small number) of blends, showing specific examples of their applications Covers micro, macro, and nano polymer blends Contains contributions from leading experts in the field

Compatibilization of Polymer Blends

Compatibilization of Polymer Blends
Micro and Nano Scale Phase Morphologies, Interphase Characterization, and Properties

by Ajitha A. R,Sabu Thomas

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-10-10
  • Pages : 640
  • ISBN : 0128162880
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Compatibilization of Polymer Blends: Micro and Nano Scale Phase Morphologies, Interphase Characterization and Properties offers a comprehensive approach to the use of compatibilizers in polymer blends, examining both fundamental and advanced knowledge in the field. The book begins by introducing polymer blends, describing thermodynamics, miscibility, and phase separation, and explaining the main concepts of compatibilization. Other sections cover theoretical approaches for nearly compatible blends, incompatible blends, nanofillers, physical compatibilization, reactive compatibilization, morphological and structural characterization, and physico-mechanical characterization. Finally, key application areas are covered, including biomedical applications, packaging and automobile engineering. While this book will be a highly valuable reference source for academics, researchers and postgraduate students interested in polymer blends, it will also be ideal for anyone involved in the fields of polymer science, polymer chemistry, polymer physics, materials science, scientists, R&D professionals, and engineers in involved in the development or engineering of polymer products. Offers detailed and systematic coverage of essential and advanced topics relating to the compatibilization of polymer blends Presents a critical analysis of the effect of compatibilization on morphology and thermal, mechanical, electrical and viscoelastic properties of polymer blends Draws on novel studies and state-of-the-art research, discussing the latest issues and developments

Sustainable Polymer Composites and Nanocomposites

Sustainable Polymer Composites and Nanocomposites
A Book

by Inamuddin,Sabu Thomas,Raghvendra Kumar Mishra,Abdullah M. Asiri

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-02-01
  • Pages : 1440
  • ISBN : 3030053997
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents emerging economical and environmentally friendly polymer composites that are free of the side effects observed in traditional composites. It focuses on eco-friendly composite materials using granulated cork, a by-product of the cork industry; cellulose pulp from the recycling of paper residues; hemp fibers; and a range of other environmentally friendly materials procured from various sources. The book presents the manufacturing methods, properties and characterization techniques of these eco-friendly composites. The respective chapters address classical and recent aspects of eco-friendly polymer composites and their chemistry, along with practical applications in the biomedical, pharmaceutical, automotive and other sectors. Topics addressed include the fundamentals, processing, properties, practicality, drawbacks and advantages of eco-friendly polymer composites. Featuring contributions by experts in the field with a variety of backgrounds and specialties, the book will appeal to researchers and students in the fields of materials science and environmental science. Moreover, it fills the gap between research work in the laboratory and practical applications in related industries.

Nanostructured Polymer Blends

Nanostructured Polymer Blends
A Book

by Sabu Thomas,Robert Shanks,Sarath Chandran

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2013-11-28
  • Pages : 576
  • ISBN : 1455731609
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Over 30% of commercial polymers are blends or alloys or one kind or another. Nanostructured blends offer the scientist or plastics engineer a new range of possibilities with characteristics including thermodynamic stablility; the potential to improve material transparency, creep and solvent resistance; the potential to simultaneously increase tensile strength and ductility; superior rheological properties; and relatively low cost. Nanostructured Polymer Blends opens up immense structural possibilities via chemical and mechanical modifications that generate novel properties and functions and high-performance characteristics at a low cost. The emerging applications of these new materials cover a wide range of industry sectors, encompassing the coatings and adhesives industry, electronics, energy (photovoltaics), aerospace and medical devices (where polymer blends provide innovations in biocompatible materials). This book explains the science of nanostructure formation and the nature of interphase formations, demystifies the design of nanostructured blends to achieve specific properties, and introduces the applications for this important new class of nanomaterial. All the key topics related to recent advances in blends are covered: IPNs, phase morphologies, composites and nanocomposites, nanostructure formation, the chemistry and structure of additives, etc. Introduces the science and technology of nanostructured polymer blends – and the procedures involved in melt blending and chemical blending to produce new materials with specific performance characteristics Unlocks the potential of nanostructured polymer blends for applications across sectors, including electronics, energy/photovoltaics, aerospace/automotive, and medical devices (biocompatible polymers) Explains the performance benefits in areas including rheological properties, thermodynamic stablility, material transparency, solvent resistance, etc.

Polymer Composites

Polymer Composites
From Nano- to Macro-Scale

by Klaus Friedrich,Stoyko Fakirov,Zhong Zhang

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2005-07-22
  • Pages : 368
  • ISBN : 9780387241760
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The use of polymer composites in various engineering applications has become state of the art. This multi-author volume provides a useful summary of updated knowledge on polymer composites in general, practically integrating experimental studies, theoretical analyses and computational modeling at different scales, i. e. , from nano- to macroscale. Detailed consideration is given to four major areas: structure and properties of polymer nanocomposites, characterization and modeling, processing and application of macrocomposites, and mechanical performance of macrocomposites. The idea to organize this volume arose from a very impressive workshop - The First International Workshop on Polymers and Composites at IVW Kaiserslautern: Invited Humboldt-Fellows and Distinguished Scientists, which was held on May 22-24,2003 at the University of Kaiserslautern, Germany. The contributing authors were invited to incorporate updated knowledge and developments into their individual chapters within a year after the workshop, which finally led to these excellent contributions. The success of this workshop was mainly sponsored by the German Alexander von Humboldt Foundation through a Sofia Kovalevskaja Award Program, financed by the Federal Ministry for Education and Research within the "Investment in the Future Program" of the German Government. In 2001, the Humboldt Foundation launched this new award program in order to offer outstanding young researchers throughout the world an opportunity to establish their own work-groups and to develop innovative research concepts virtually in Germany. One of the editors, Z.

Characterization of Polymer Blends

Characterization of Polymer Blends
Miscibility, Morphology and Interfaces

by Sabu Thomas,Yves Grohens,P. Jyotishkumar

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2015-02-09
  • Pages : 994
  • ISBN : 3527331530
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Filling the gap for a reference dedicated to the characterization of polymer blends and their micro and nano morphologies, this book provides comprehensive, systematic coverage in a one-stop, two-volume resource for all those working in the field. Leading researchers from industry and academia, as well as from government and private research institutions around the world summarize recent technical advances in chapters devoted to their individual contributions. In so doing, they examine a wide range of modern characterization techniques, from microscopy and spectroscopy to diffraction, thermal analysis, rheology, mechanical measurements and chromatography. These methods are compared with each other to assist in determining the best solution for both fundamental and applied problems, paying attention to the characterization of nanoscale miscibility and interfaces, both in blends involving copolymers and in immiscible blends. The thermodynamics, miscibility, phase separation, morphology and interfaces in polymer blends are also discussed in light of new insights involving the nanoscopic scale. Finally, the authors detail the processing-morphology-property relationships of polymer blends, as well as the influence of processing on the generation of micro and nano morphologies, and the dependence of these morphologies on the properties of blends. Hot topics such as compatibilization through nanoparticles, miscibility of new biopolymers and nanoscale investigations of interfaces in blends are also addressed. With its application-oriented approach, handpicked selection of topics and expert contributors, this is an outstanding survey for anyone involved in the field of polymer blends for advanced technologies.

Micro- and Nanostructured Multiphase Polymer Blend Systems

Micro- and Nanostructured Multiphase Polymer Blend Systems
Phase Morphology and Interfaces

by Charef Harrats,Sabu Thomas,Gabriel Groeninckx

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2005-09-29
  • Pages : 456
  • ISBN : 1420026542
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Micro- and Nanostructured Multiphase Polymer Blend Systems: Phase Morphology and Interfaces focuses on the formation of phase morphology in polymer blends and copolymers and considers various types of blends including thermosets, thermoplastics, thermoplastic vulcanizates, and structured copolymers. The book carefully debates the processing

Micro and Nanostructured Epoxy / Rubber Blends

Micro and Nanostructured Epoxy / Rubber Blends
A Book

by Raju Thomas,Christophe Sinturel

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2014-11-03
  • Pages : 464
  • ISBN : 3527333347
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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From the liquid stage, via phase separation right up to the final network, this book covers every aspect of epoxy toughening. It provides a comprehensive review of the latest research and development in the field, explaining in detail thermal, optical, mechanical and electrical characterization methods. Chapters on ageing, failure analysis and life cycle analysis round off this invaluable text.

Multiphase Polymer Systems

Multiphase Polymer Systems
Micro- to Nanostructural Evolution in Advanced Technologies

by Andreea Irina Barzic,Silvia Ioan

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2016-09-19
  • Pages : 360
  • ISBN : 131535098X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Phase morphology in multicomponent polymer-based systems represents the main physical characteristic that allows for control of the material design and implicitly the development of new plastics. Emphasizing properties of these promising new materials in both solution and solid phase, this book describes the preparation, processing, properties, and practical implications of advanced multiphase systems from macro to nanoscales. It covers a wide range of systems including copolymers, polymer blends, polymer composites, gels, interpenetrating polymers, and layered polymer/metal structures, describing aspects of polymer science, engineering, and technology. The book analyzes experimental and theoretical aspects regarding the thermal and electrical transport phenomena and magnetic properties of crucial importance in advanced technologies. It reviews the most recent advances concerning morphological, rheological, interfacial, physical, fire-resistant, thermophysical, and biomedical properties of multiphase polymer systems. Concomitantly the book deals with basic investigation techniques that are sensitive in elucidating the features of each phase. It also discusses the latest research trends that offer new solutions for advanced bio- and nanotechnologies. Introduces an overview of recent studies in the area of multiphase polymer systems, their micro- and nanostructural evolutions in advanced technologies, and provides future outlooks, new challenges and opportunities. Discusses multicomponent structures that offer enhanced physical, mechanical, thermal, electrical, magnetic, and optical properties adapted to current requirements of modern technologies. Covers a wide range of materials, such as composites, blends, alloys, gels and interpenetrating polymer networks. Presents new strategies for controlling the micro- and nanomorphology and the mechanical properties of multiphase polymeric materials. Describes different applications of multiphase polymeric materials in various fields, including automotive, aeronautics and space industry, displays, and medicine.

Polymer Composites, Nanocomposites

Polymer Composites, Nanocomposites
A Book

by Sabu Thomas,Kuruvilla Joseph,S. K. Malhotra,Koichi Goda,M. S. Sreekala

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2013-04-16
  • Pages : 294
  • ISBN : 352765240X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Polymer composites are materials in which the matrix polymer isreinforced with organic/inorganic fillers of a definite size andshape, leading to enhanced performance of the resultant composite.These materials find a wide number of applications in such diversefields as geotextiles, building, electronics, medical, packaging,and automobiles. This first systematic reference on the topic emphasizes thecharacteristics and dimension of this reinforcement. The authors are leading researchers in the field from academia,government, industry, as well as private research institutionsacross the globe, and adopt a practical approach here, coveringsuch aspects as the preparation, characterization, properties andtheory of polymer composites. The book begins by discussing the state of the art, new challenges,and opportunities of various polymer composite systems. Interfacialcharacterization of the composites is discussed in detail, as isthe macro- and micromechanics of the composites. Structure-propertyrelationships in various composite systems are explained with thehelp of theoretical models, while processing techniques for variousmacro- to nanocomposite systems and the influence of processingparameters on the properties of the composite are reviewed indetail. The characterization of microstructure, elastic,viscoelastic, static and dynamic mechanical, thermal, tribological,rheological, optical, electrical and barrier properties arehighlighted, as well as their myriad applications. Divided into three volumes: Vol. 1. Macro- and Microcomposites;Vol. 2. Nanocomposites; and Vol. 3. Biocomposites.

Bio-Based Epoxy Polymers, Blends, and Composites

Bio-Based Epoxy Polymers, Blends, and Composites
Synthesis, Properties, Characterization, and Applications

by Jyotishkumar Parameswaranpillai,Sanjay Mavinkere Rangappa,Suchart Siengchin,Seno Jose

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2021-04-26
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 3527346481
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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State-of-the-art overview on bioepoxy polymers as well as their blends and composites -- covering all aspects from fundamentals to applications! Bioepoxy polymers is an emerging area and have attracted more and more attention due to their biodegradability and good thermo-mechanical performance. In recent years, research progress has been made in synthesis, processing, characterization, and applications of bioepoxy blends and composites. Bioepoxy polymers are very promising candidates to replace the traditional thermosetting nonbiodegradable polymers. Bio-Based Epoxy Polymers, Blends and Composites summaries recent research progress on bioepoxy polymers as well as their blends and composites. It covers aspects from synthesis, processing, various characterization techniques to broad spectrum of applications. It provides a correlation of physical properties with macro, micro and nanostructures of the materials. Moreover, research trends, future directions, and opportunities are also discussed. Attracts attention: Bioepoxy polymers are environmentally friendly and considered as a promising candidate to replace the traditional thermosetting nonbiodegradable polymers Highly application-oriented: Bioepoxy polymers can be used in a broad range of applications such as polymer foams, construction, aerospace, automobiles, self-healing systems One-stop reference: Covers all aspects of bioepoxy polymer, their blends and composites, such as synthesis, properties, processing, characterization and applications Broad audience: Attracts attention from both academia and industry

Handbook of Engineering and Specialty Thermoplastics, Volume 3

Handbook of Engineering and Specialty Thermoplastics, Volume 3
Polyethers and Polyesters

by Sabu Thomas,Visakh P. M.

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2011-04-28
  • Pages : 390
  • ISBN : 1118104749
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book summarizes many of the recent technical research accomplishments in the area of engineering polymers, such as oxygen containing main chain polymers (Polyether and Polyesters). The book emphasizes the various aspects of preparation, structure, processing, morphology, properties and applications of engineering polymers. Recent advances in the development and characterization of multi component polymer blends and composites (maco, micro and nano) based on engineering polymers are discussed in detail. The content of the book is unique as there are no books which deal with the recent advances synthesis, morphology, structure, properties and applications of engineering polymers and their blends and composites including nanocomposites. It covers an up-to-date record on the major findings and observations in the field.

Nanostructured Immiscible Polymer Blends

Nanostructured Immiscible Polymer Blends
Migration and Interface

by Suprakas Sinha Ray,Reza Salehiyan

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-09-17
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN : 0128168781
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanostructured Immiscible Polymer Blends: Migration and Interface covers a wide range of nanoparticle types, emphasizing the mechanisms and parameters involved in the migration of nanofillers inside immiscible polymer blends. This book explores the influence of nanoparticle migration on the localization, and hence, morphology development, electrical conductivity, and met-rheological properties of blended composite materials. As the influence of solid particles, ranging in size from several hundred nanometers to a few microns in immiscible polymer blends has been extensively studied for use as compatibilizers, morphology stabilizers, and reinforcement agents, this book is a timely resource. Outlines techniques used to prepare nanoparticles-modified immiscible polymer blend composites Explains the structural and morphological development, and melt-state rheological behaviors of nanoparticles-modified immiscible polymer blend composites Discusses major industrial applications

Thermal Degradation of Polymer Blends, Composites and Nanocomposites

Thermal Degradation of Polymer Blends, Composites and Nanocomposites
A Book

by P. M. Visakh,Yoshihiko Arao

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-03-31
  • Pages : 245
  • ISBN : 3319034642
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book delivers a deep insight into thermal polymer degradation features and put a particular emphasis on blends, composites and nanocomposites. It examines the thermal stability and the mechanism of degrading for every class of polymer substances and studies the effect on reinforcement to all classes. The book further explores the thermal stability when nano particles are added and summarizes the latest studies and application relevant results. This book offers a valuable reference source to graduate and post graduate students, engineering students, research scholars and polymer engineers from industry.

Polymer Composites, Biocomposites

Polymer Composites, Biocomposites
A Book

by Sabu Thomas,Kuruvilla Joseph,S. K. Malhotra,Koichi Goda,M. S. Sreekala

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2013-11-11
  • Pages : 608
  • ISBN : 3527674241
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Polymer composites are materials in which the matrix polymer is reinforced with organic/inorganic fillers of a definite size and shape, leading to enhanced performance of the resultant composite. These materials find a wide number of applications in such diverse fields as geotextiles, building, electronics, medical, packaging, and automobiles. This first systematic reference on the topic emphasizes the characteristics and dimension of this reinforcement. The authors are leading researchers in the field from academia, government, industry, as well as private research institutions across the globe, and adopt a practical approach here, covering such aspects as the preparation, characterization, properties and theory of polymer composites. The book begins by discussing the state of the art, new challenges, and opportunities of various polymer composite systems. Interfacial characterization of the composites is discussed in detail, as is the macro- and micromechanics of the composites. Structure-property relationships in various composite systems are explained with the help of theoretical models, while processing techniques for various macro- to nanocomposite systems and the influence of processing parameters on the properties of the composite are reviewed in detail. The characterization of microstructure, elastic, viscoelastic, static and dynamic mechanical, thermal, tribological, rheological, optical, electrical and barrier properties are highlighted, as well as their myriad applications. Divided into three volumes: Vol. 1. Macro- and Microcomposites; Vol. 2. Nanocomposites; and Vol. 3. Biocomposites.

Application of Fracture Mechanics to Polymers, Adhesives and Composites

Application of Fracture Mechanics to Polymers, Adhesives and Composites
A Book

by D R Moore

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2003-12-04
  • Pages : 298
  • ISBN : 9780080553078
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Application of Fracture Mechanics to Polymers, Adhesives and Composites

Nanocarriers for Drug Delivery

Nanocarriers for Drug Delivery
Nanoscience and Nanotechnology in Drug Delivery

by Shyam Mohapatra,Shivendu Ranjan,Nandita Dasgupta,Raghvendra Kumar Mishra,Sabu Thomas

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2018-10-05
  • Pages : 694
  • ISBN : 0128140348
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nano-carriers for Drug Delivery: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology in Drug Delivery presents recent discoveries in research on the pharmaceutical applications of the various types of nanosystem-based drug delivery systems. As many nanosystems have reached the market over the past decade, this book proves their benefits to patients. It explores these new carriers and the advances in drug delivery they have facilitated. Reflecting the interdisciplinary nature of the subject matter, the book includes experts from different fields, and with various backgrounds and expertise. It will appeal to researchers and students from different disciplines, such as materials science, technology and various biomedical fields. Coverage includes industrial applications that bridge the gap between lab-based research and practical industrial use. The resulting work is a reference and practical source of guidance for researchers, students and scientists working in the fields of nanotechnology, materials science and technology and biomedical science. Enables readers from different fields to access recent research and protocols across traditional boundaries Focuses on protocols and techniques, as well as the knowledge base of the field, thus enabling those in R&D to learn about, and successfully deploy, cutting-edge techniques Includes sections on nanocarrier systems