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Principles of Nano-Optics

Principles of Nano-Optics
A Book

by Lukas Novotny,Bert Hecht

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2012-09-06
  • Pages : 564
  • ISBN : 1107005469
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fully revised and in its second edition, this standard reference on nano-optics is ideal for graduate students and researchers alike.

Principles of Nano-Optics

Principles of Nano-Optics
A Book

by Lukas Novotny,Bert Hecht

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2006-06-01
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 1139452053
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nano-optics is the study of optical phenomena and techniques on the nanometer scale, that is, near or beyond the diffraction limit of light. It is an emerging field of study, motivated by the rapid advance of nanoscience and nanotechnology which require adequate tools and strategies for fabrication, manipulation and characterization at this scale. In this 2006 text the authors provide a comprehensive overview of the theoretical and experimental concepts necessary to understand and work in nano-optics. With a very broad perspective, they cover optical phenomena relevant to the nanoscale across diverse areas ranging from quantum optics to biophysics, introducing and extensively describing all of the significant methods. Written for graduate students who want to enter the field, the text includes problem sets to reinforce and extend the discussion. It is also a valuable reference for researchers and course teachers.

Nano-optics and Near-field Optical Microscopy

Nano-optics and Near-field Optical Microscopy
A Book

by Anatoly V. Zayats,David Richards (Prof.)

  • Publisher : Artech House
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 361
  • ISBN : 1596932848
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This groundbreaking book focuses on near-field microscopy which has opened up optical processes at the nanoscale for direct inspection. Further, it explores the emerging area of nano-optics which promises to make possible optical microscopy with true nanometer resolution. This frontline resource helps you achieve high resolution optical imaging of biological species and functional materials. You also find guidance in the imaging of optical device operation and new nanophotonics functionalities.

Near-Field Nano-Optics

Near-Field Nano-Optics
From Basic Principles to Nano-Fabrication and Nano-Photonics

by Motoichi Ohtsu,Hirokazu Hori

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 386
  • ISBN : 1461548357
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Conventional optical science and technology have been restricted by the diffraction limit from reducing the sizes of optical and photoruc devices to nanometric dimensions. Thus, the size of optical integrated circuits has been incompatible with that of their counterpart, integrated electronic circuits, which have much smaller dimensions. This book provides potential ideas and methods to overcome this difficulty. Near-field optics has developed very rapidly from around the middle 1980s after preliminary trials in the microwave frequency region, as proposed as early as 1928. At the early stages of this development, most technical efforts were devoted to realizing super-high-resolution optical microscopy beyond the diffraction limit. However, the possibility of exploiting the optical near-field, phenomenon of quasistatic electromagnetic interaction at subwavelength distances between nanometric particles has opened new ways to nanometric optical science and technology, and many applications to nanometric fabrication and manipulation have been proposed and implemented. Building on this historical background, this book describes recent progress in near-field optical science and technology, mainly using research of the author's groups. The title of this book, Near-Field Nano-Optics-From Basic Principles to Nano-Fabrication and Nano-Photonics, implies capabilities of the optical near field not only for imaging/microscopy, but also for fabrication/manipulation/proc essing on a nanometric scale.

Nano-Optics

Nano-Optics
Fundamentals, Experimental Methods, and Applications

by Sabu Thomas,Yves Grohens,Guillaume Vignaud,Nandakumar Kalarikkal,Jemy James

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-07-06
  • Pages : 376
  • ISBN : 0128183934
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nano-Optics: Fundamentals, Experimental Methods, and Applications offers insights into the fundamentals and industrial applications of nanoscale light-emitting materials and their composites. This book serves as a reference, offering an overview of existing research, with a particular focus on industrial applications. Nano-optics is the branch of nanoscience and nanotechnology that deals with interaction of light with nanoscale objects. This book explores the materials, structure, manufacturing techniques, and industrial applications of nano-optics. The applications discussed include healthcare, communication, astronomy, and satellites. Explains the major manufacturing techniques for light-emitting nanoscale materials Discusses how nanoscale optical materials are being used in a range of industrial applications Assesses the challenges of using nano-optics in a mass-production context

Nano-Optics

Nano-Optics
A Book

by Satoshi Kawata,Motoichi Ohtsu,Masahiro Irie

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 324
  • ISBN : 3540452737
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A presentation of the most advanced application of optical near-field microscopy to studies of fine metallic structures and related surface plasmons.

Green's Function Integral Equation Methods in Nano-Optics

Green's Function Integral Equation Methods in Nano-Optics
A Book

by Thomas M. Søndergaard

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2019-01-30
  • Pages : 418
  • ISBN : 1351260197
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book gives a comprehensive introduction to Green’s function integral equation methods (GFIEMs) for scattering problems in the field of nano-optics. First, a brief review is given of the most important theoretical foundations from electromagnetics, optics, and scattering theory, including theory of waveguides, Fresnel reflection, and scattering, extinction, and absorption cross sections. This is followed by a presentation of different types of GFIEMs of increasing complexity for one-, two-, and three-dimensional scattering problems. In GFIEMs, the electromagnetic field at any position is directly related to the field at either the inside or the surface of a scattering object placed in a reference structure. The properties of the reference structure, and radiating or periodic boundary conditions, are automatically taken care of via the choice of Green’s function. This book discusses in detail how to solve the integral equations using either simple or higher-order finite-element-based methods; how to calculate the relevant Green’s function for different reference structures and choices of boundary conditions; and how to calculate near-fields, optical cross sections, and the power emitted by a local source. Solution strategies for large structures are discussed based on either transfer-matrix-approaches or the conjugate gradient algorithm combined with the Fast Fourier Transform. Special attention is given to reducing the computational problem for three-dimensional structures with cylindrical symmetry by using cylindrical harmonic expansions. Each presented method is accompanied by examples from nano-optics, including: resonant metal nano-particles placed in a homogeneous medium or on a surface or waveguide; a microstructured gradient-index-lens; the Purcell effect for an emitter in a photonic crystal; the excitation of surface plasmon polaritons by second-harmonic generation in a polymer fiber placed on a thin metal film; and anti-reflective, broadband absorbing or resonant surface microstructures. Each presented method is also accompanied by guidelines for software implementation and exercises. Features Comprehensive introduction to Green’s function integral equation methods for scattering problems in the field of nano-optics Detailed explanation of how to discretize and solve integral equations using simple and higher-order finite-element approaches Solution strategies for large structures Guidelines for software implementation and exercises Broad selection of examples of scattering problems in nano-optics

Nano-Optics for Enhancing Light-Matter Interactions on a Molecular Scale

Nano-Optics for Enhancing Light-Matter Interactions on a Molecular Scale
Plasmonics, Photonic Materials and Sub-Wavelength Resolution

by Baldassare Di Bartolo,John Collins

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2012-12-04
  • Pages : 477
  • ISBN : 9400753136
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume presents a considerable number of interrelated contributions dealing with the new scientific ability to shape and control matter and electromagnetic fields on a sub-wavelength scale. The topics range from the fundamental ones, such as photonic metamateriials, plasmonics and sub-wavelength resolution to the more applicative, such as detection of single molecules, tomography on a micro-chip, fluorescence spectroscopy of biological systems, coherent control of biomolecules, biosensing of single proteins, terahertz spectroscopy of nanoparticles, rare earth ion-doped nanoparticles, random lasing, and nanocoax array architecture. The various subjects bridge over the disciplines of physics, biology and chemistry, making this volume of interest to people working in these fields. The emphasis is on the principles behind each technique and on examining the full potential of each technique. The contributions that appear in this volume were presented at a NATO Advanced Study Institute that was held in Erice, Italy, 3-18 July, 2011. The pedagogical aspect of the Institute is reflected in the topics presented in this volume.

Nano-Optics: Principles Enabling Basic Research and Applications

Nano-Optics: Principles Enabling Basic Research and Applications
A Book

by Baldassare Di Bartolo,John Collins,Luciano Silvestri

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-02-15
  • Pages : 584
  • ISBN : 9402408509
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides a comprehensive overview of nano-optics, including basic theory, experiment and applications, particularly in nanofabrication and optical characterization. The contributions clearly demonstrate how advances in nano-optics and photonics have stimulated progress in nanoscience and -fabrication, and vice versa. Their expert authors address topics such as three-dimensional optical lithography and microscopy beyond the Abbe diffraction limit, optical diagnostics and sensing, optical data- and telecommunications, energy-efficient lighting, and efficient solar energy conversion. Nano-optics emerges as a key enabling technology of the 21st century. This work will appeal to a wide readership, from physics through chemistry, to biology and engineering. The contributions that appear in this volume were presented at a NATO Advanced Study Institute held in Erice, 4-19 July, 2015.

Nanoplasmonics, Nano-Optics, Nanocomposites, and Surface Studies

Nanoplasmonics, Nano-Optics, Nanocomposites, and Surface Studies
Selected Proceedings of the Second FP7 Conference and the Third International Summer School Nanotechnology: From Fundamental Research to Innovations, August 23-30, 2014, Yaremche-Lviv, Ukraine

by Olena Fesenko,Leonid Yatsenko

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-07-08
  • Pages : 489
  • ISBN : 3319185438
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book highlights the most recent advances in nano science from leading researchers in Ukraine, Europe and beyond. It features contributions from participants of the 3rd International Summer School “Nanotechnology: From Fundamental Research to Innovations,” held in Yaremche, Ukraine on August 23-26, 2014 and of the 2nd International NANO-2014 Conference, held in Lviv, Ukraine on August 27-30, 2014. These events took place within the framework of the European Commission FP7 project Nano twinning and were organized jointly by the Institute of Physics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, University of Tartu (Estonia), University of Turin (Italy) and Pierre and Marie Curie University (France). Internationally recognized experts from a wide range of universities and research institutions share their knowledge and key results in the areas of nanocomposites and nanomaterials, nanostructured surfaces, microscopy of nano-objects, nano-optics and nano photonics, nano plasmonics, nano chemistry, nano biotechnology and surface enhanced spectroscopy. Covers nanocomposites, nano structured surfaces and nano biotechnology Presents state-of-the-art advances in nano plasmonics, nanomaterials characterization and surface enhanced spectroscopy Represents essential reading for advanced undergraduate and graduate students through practicing university and industry researchers

Single Molecule Nano-optics at Low Temperature

Single Molecule Nano-optics at Low Temperature
A Book

by Jacqueline Yvonne Paula Butter

  • Publisher : Cuvillier Verlag
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 104
  • ISBN : 3867270503
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Principles of Nano-Optics

Principles of Nano-Optics
A Book

by Lukas Novotny

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2006-06-01
  • Pages : 539
  • ISBN : 9780521832243
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Comprehensive 2006 graduate textbook providing an overview of theoretical and experimental methods in nano-optics.

Progress in Nonlinear Nano-Optics

Progress in Nonlinear Nano-Optics
A Book

by Shuji Sakabe,Christoph Lienau,Rüdiger Grunwald

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2014-12-27
  • Pages : 273
  • ISBN : 3319122177
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents the state of the art in nonlinear nanostructures for ultrafast laser applications. Most recent results in two emerging fields are presented: (i) generation of laser-induced nanostructures in materials like metals, metal oxides and semiconductors, and (ii) ultrafast excitation and energy transfer in nanoscale physical, chemical and hybrid systems. Particular emphasis is laid on the up-to-date controversially discussed mechanisms of sub-wavelength ripple formation including models of self-organized material transport and multiphoton excitation channels, nonlinear optics of plasmonic structures (nanotips, nanowires, 3D-metamaterials), and energy localization and transport on ultrafast time scale and spatial nanoscale. High-resolution spectroscopy, simulation and characterization techniques are reported. New applications of ultrashort-pulsed lasers for materials processing and the use of nanostructured materials for characterizing laser fields and laser-matter-interactions are discussed.

Microoptics and Nanooptics Fabrication

Microoptics and Nanooptics Fabrication
A Book

by Shanalyn Kemme

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-09-03
  • Pages : 232
  • ISBN : 1420019147
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The deep interconnection between micro/nanooptical components and related fabrication technologies—and the constant changes in this ever-evolving field—means that successful design depends on the engineer’s ability to accommodate cutting-edge theoretical developments in fabrication techniques and experimental realization. Documenting the state of the art in fabrication processes, Microoptics and Nanooptics Fabrication provides an up-to-date synopsis of recent breakthroughs in micro- and nanooptics that improve key developmental processes. This text elucidates the precise and miniaturized scale of today’s fabrication methods and their importance in creating new optical components to access the spectrum of physical optics. It details successful fabrication techniques and their direct effect on the intended performance of micro- and nanooptical components. The contributors explore the constraints related to material selection, component lateral extent, minimum feature size, and other issues that cause fabrication techniques to lag behind corresponding theory in the development process. Written with the professional optical engineer in mind, this book omits the already well-published broader processing fundamentals. Instead it focuses on key tricks of the trade helpful in reformulating processes to achieve necessary optical targets, improve process fidelity, and reduce production costs. The contributing authors represent the vanguard in micro-optical fabrication. The result of their combined efforts, this searing analysis of emerging fabrication technologies will continue to fuel the expansion of optics components, from the microwave to the infrared through the visible regime.

Nonlinear Super-Resolution Nano-Optics and Applications

Nonlinear Super-Resolution Nano-Optics and Applications
A Book

by Jingsong Wei

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2014-10-09
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 3662444887
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book covers many advances in the subjects of nano-optics and nano photonics. The author describes the principle and technical schematics of common methods for breaking through the optical diffraction limit and focuses on realizing optical super-resolution with nonlinear effects of thin film materials. The applications of nonlinear optical super-resolution effects in nano-data storage, nanolithography, and nano-imaging are also presented. This book is useful to graduate students majoring in optics and nano science and also serves as a reference book for academic researchers, engineers, technical professionals in the fields of super-resolution optics and laser techniques, nano-optics and nano photonics, nano-data storage, nano imaging, micro/nanofabrication and nanolithography and nonlinear optics.

Fiber Optics Fundamentals and Advances in Optical Communications

Fiber Optics Fundamentals and Advances in Optical Communications
A Book

by Gp Capt KS Mathur (Retd.)

  • Publisher : Blue Rose Publishers
  • Release : 2021-02-10
  • Pages : 742
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Your comprehensive guide to Fiber Optics Fundamentals and advancements taking place in this field… Synopsis This book provides solid base in fiber optics communications for B Tech and M Tech students and also for practicing engineers and research scholars in this field. The book contains more than 650 illustrations which give a comprehensive coverage of the technology involved in the fiber optics communications. This book gives an in-depth coverage of:  Telecommunications fundamentals  optical fiber transmission characteristics  optical fiber manufacturing and cables  Signal degradation (distortion) in optical fibers  optical fiber nonlinearities and their management  optical sources and receivers  optical amplifiers  SONET/SDH, OTN, DWDM, OFDM and Super Channels  connectors and couplers  fiber optic link design  optical networks and cloud computing  review of fiber optic sensors and their applications (Fiber optics sensors are altogether a different field in latest sensor technology)  Advance technologies in fiber optics communications covering FTTH technologies, OTDR, Nanophotonics, Low signal latency in optical fibers and fabrication and simulation of optical fibers and their optical parameters by Opti-Wave software.

Optics of Conducting Polymer Thin Films and Nanostructures

Optics of Conducting Polymer Thin Films and Nanostructures
A Book

by Shangzhi Chen

  • Publisher : Linköping University Electronic Press
  • Release : 2021-02-19
  • Pages : 114
  • ISBN : 9179297455
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Intrinsically conducting polymers forms a category of doped conjugated polymers that can conduct electricity. Since their discovery in the late 1970s, they have been widely applied in many fields, ranging from optoelectronic devices to biosensors. The most common type of conducting polymers is poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene), or PEDOT. PEDOT has been popularly used as electrodes for solar cells or light-emitting diodes, as channels for organic electrochemical transistors, and as p-type legs for organic thermoelectric generators. Although many studies have been dedicated to PEDOT-based materials, there has been a lack of a unified model to describe their optical properties across different spectral ranges. In addition, the interesting optical properties of PEDOT-based materials, benefiting from its semi-metallic character, have only been rarely studied and utilized, and could potentially enable new applications. Plasmonics is a research field focusing on interactions between light and metals, such as the noble metals (gold and silver). It has enabled various opportunities in fundamental photonics as well as practical applications, varying from biosensors to colour displays. This thesis explores highly conducting polymers as alternatives to noble metals and as a new type of active plasmonic materials. Despite high degrees of microstructural disorder, conducting polymers can possess electrical conductivity approaching that of poor metals, with particularly high conductivity for PEDOT deposited via vapour phase polymerization (VPP). In this thesis, we systematically studied the optical and structural properties of VPP PEDOT thin films and their nanostructures for plasmonics and other optical applications. We employed ultra-wide spectral range ellipsometry to characterize thin VPP PEDOT films and proposed an anisotropic Drude-Lorentz model to describe their optical conductivity, covering the ultraviolet, visible, infrared, and terahertz ranges. Based on this model, PEDOT doped with tosylate (PEDOT:Tos) presented negative real permittivity in the near infrared range. While this indicated optical metallic character, the material also showed comparably large imaginary permittivity and associated losses. To better understand the VPP process, we carefully examined films with a collection of microstructural and spectroscopic characterization methods and found a vertical layer stratification in these polymer films. We unveiled the cause as related to unbalanced transport of polymerization precursors. By selection of suitable counterions, e.g., trifluoromethane sulfonate (OTf), and optimization of reaction conditions, we were able to obtain PEDOT films with electrical conductivity exceeding 5000 S/cm. In the near infrared range from 1 to 5 µm, these PEDOT:OTf films provided a well-defined plasmonic regime, characterized by negative real permittivity and lower magnitude imaginary component. Using a colloidal lithography-based approach, we managed to fabricate nanodisks of PEDOT:OTf and showed that they exhibited clear plasmonic absorption features. The experimental results matched theoretical calculations and numerical simulations. Benefiting from their mixed ionic-electronic conducting characters, such organic plasmonic materials possess redox-tunable properties that make them promising as tuneable optical nanoantennas for spatiotemporally dynamic systems. Finally, we presented a low-cost and efficient method to create structural colour surfaces and images based on UV-treated PEDOT films on metallic mirrors. The concept generates beautiful and vivid colours through-out the visible range utilizing a synergistic effect of simultaneously modulating polymer absorption and film thickness. The simplicity of the device structure, facile fabrication process, and tunability make this proof-of-concept device a potential candidate for future low-cost backlight-free displays and labels.

Nano-optics

Nano-optics
Coherent Optical Spectroscopy of Single Semiconductor Quantum Dots

by Nicolas H. Bonadeo

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1999
  • Pages : 109
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Optical Metamaterials: Qualitative Models

Optical Metamaterials: Qualitative Models
Introduction to Nano-Optics and Optical Metamaterials

by Arkadi Chipouline,Franko Küppers

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-12-28
  • Pages : 318
  • ISBN : 3319775200
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This textbook bridges the gap between university courses on electrodynamics and the knowledge needed to successfully address the problem of electrodynamics of metamaterials. It appeals to both experimentalists and theoreticians who are interested in the physical basics of metamaterials and plasmonics. Focusing on qualitative fundamental treatment as opposed to quantitative numerical treatment, it covers the phenomena of artificial magnetization at high frequencies, and discusses homogenization procedures and the basics of quantum dynamics in detail. By considering different phenomena it creates a self-consistent qualitative picture to explain most observable phenomena. This allows readers to develop a better understanding of the concepts, and helps to create a conceptual approach, which is especially important in educational contexts. This clearly written book includes problems and solutions for each chapter, which can be used for seminars and homework, as well as qualitative models that are helpful to students.

Introduction to Micro- and Nanooptics

Introduction to Micro- and Nanooptics
A Book

by Jürgen Jahns,Stefan Helfert

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2012-07-10
  • Pages : 425
  • ISBN : 3527408916
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Introduction to Micro- and Nanooptics provides the reader with an introduction into the technological development, the physical background and the most important areas of micro- and nanooptics. The opening chapters on the physics of light are complemented by chapters on refractive and diffractive optical elements. The authors present different methods of lithographic and nonlithographic fabrication of miccrooptics and introduce the reader to characterization and testing of microoptics. The second part of the book is dedicated to....