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Nanobiomaterials in Antimicrobial Therapy

Nanobiomaterials in Antimicrobial Therapy
Applications of Nanobiomaterials

by Alexandru Grumezescu

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2016-03-08
  • Pages : 576
  • ISBN : 0323428878
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanobiomaterials in Antimicrobial Therapy presents novel antimicrobial approaches that enable nanotechnology to be used effectively in the treatment of infections. This field has gained a large amount of interest over the last decade, in response to the high resistance of pathogens to antibiotics. Leading researchers from around the world discuss the synthesis routes of nanobiomaterials, characterization, and their applications as antimicrobial agents. The books covers various aspects: mechanisms of toxicity for inorganic nanoparticles against bacteria; the development of excellent carriers for the transport of a high variety of antimicrobials; the use of nanomaterials to facilitate both diagnosis and therapeutic approaches against infectious agents; strategies to control biofilms based on enzymes, biosurfactants, or magnetotactic bacteria; bacterial adhesion onto polymeric surfaces and novel materials; and antimicrobial photodynamic inactivation. This book will be of interest to postdoctoral researchers, professors and students engaged in the fields of materials science, biotechnology and applied chemistry. It will also be highly valuable to those working in industry, including pharmaceutics and biotechnology companies, medical researchers, biomedical engineers and advanced clinicians. A methodical approach to this highly relevant subject for researchers, practitioners and students working in biomedical, biotechnological and engineering fields A valuable guide to recent scientific progress and the latest application methods Proposes novel opportunities and ideas for developing or improving technologies in nanomedicine and nanobiology

Nano-biomaterials in Antimicrobial Therapy

Nano-biomaterials in Antimicrobial Therapy
A Book

by Pratima Parashar Pandey

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2016
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Silver nanoparticles (AgNps) have attracted much interest in biomedical engineering, since they have excellent antimicrobial properties. Silver nanopolymer composites have applications in biochemical sensors, antimicrobial activity and drug delivery system. Silver nanoparticles are more effective than ionic homologues (Ag+) for their antimicrobial activity. Antimicrobial properties of silver nanoparticles are used by their incorporation into medical devices, tissues and other health-related products for skin pathologies to reduce the risk of contamination and to promote higher preventive infection control. Novel hybrid material thin films based on various polymeric systems with embedded silver nanoparticles were synthesized using various methods. The electrical, optical and plasmonic responses of AgNps onto thin layers of polymer composites show encapsulation of nanoparticles. The antibacterial activity of AgNps/polymer composites against various common bacteria is discussed in this chapter. The antibacterial activity of the synthesized hybrid materials was tested against various bacteria, commonly found in hospital environment. Silver nanostructures have especially been of interest because of contrast agents for biomedical image. Shunts used for hydrocephalous silicon elastomer grafted with hydrogel, polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) soaked in various antibiotics proved to be active for longer time.

Nanostructures for Antimicrobial Therapy

Nanostructures for Antimicrobial Therapy
A Book

by Anton Ficai,Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2017-05-29
  • Pages : 722
  • ISBN : 0323461514
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanostructures for Antimicrobial Therapy discusses the pros and cons of the use of nanostructured materials in the prevention and eradication of infections, highlighting the efficient microbicidal effect of nanoparticles against antibiotic-resistant pathogens and biofilms. Conventional antibiotics are becoming ineffective towards microorganisms due to their widespread and often inappropriate use. As a result, the development of antibiotic resistance in microorganisms is increasingly being reported. New approaches are needed to confront the rising issues related to infectious diseases. The merging of biomaterials, such as chitosan, carrageenan, gelatin, poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) with nanotechnology provides a promising platform for antimicrobial therapy as it provides a controlled way to target cells and induce the desired response without the adverse effects common to many traditional treatments. Nanoparticles represent one of the most promising therapeutic treatments to the problem caused by infectious micro-organisms resistant to traditional therapies. This volume discusses this promise in detail, and also discusses what challenges the greater use of nanoparticles might pose to medical professionals. The unique physiochemical properties of nanoparticles, combined with their growth inhibitory capacity against microbes has led to the upsurge in the research on nanoparticles as antimicrobials. The importance of bactericidal nanobiomaterials study will likely increase as development of resistant strains of bacteria against most potent antibiotics continues. Shows how nanoantibiotics can be used to more effectively treat disease Discusses the advantages and issues of a variety of different nanoantibiotics, enabling medics to select which best meets their needs Provides a cogent summary of recent developments in this field, allowing readers to quickly familiarize themselves with this topic area

Antimicrobial Nanoarchitectonics

Antimicrobial Nanoarchitectonics
From Synthesis to Applications

by Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2017-06-22
  • Pages : 574
  • ISBN : 0323527345
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Antimicrobial Nanoarchitectonics: From Synthesis to Applications brings together recent research in antimicrobial nanoparticles, specifically in the sustained and controlled delivery of antimicrobials. Particular attention is given to i) reducing the side effects of antibiotics, ii) increasing the pharmacological effect, and iii) improving aqueous solubility and chemical stability of different antimicrobials. In addition, antimicrobial nanoparticles in drug delivery are discussed extensively. The book also evaluates the pros and cons of using nanostructured biomaterials in the prevention and eradication of infections. It is an important reference resource for materials scientists and bioengineers who want to learn how nanomaterials are used in antimicrobial therapy. Provides readers with the information necessary to select the appropriate bionanomaterial to solve particular infection problems Includes case studies, showing how particular bionanomaterials have been used to cure infections Explains the central role that nanotechnology plays in modern antimicrobial therapy Evaluates the pros and cons of using nanostructured biomaterials in the prevention and eradication of infections

Engineering Nanomaterials for Imaging and Therapy of Bacteria and Biofilm-associated Infections

Engineering Nanomaterials for Imaging and Therapy of Bacteria and Biofilm-associated Infections
A Book

by Akash Gupta

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2019
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Infections caused by multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria pose a serious global burden of mortality, causing thousands of deaths each year. The "superbug" risk is further exacerbated by chronic infections generated from antibiotic-resistant biofilms that are highly resistant to available treatments. Synthetic macromolecules such as polymers and nanoparticles have emerged as promising antimicrobials. Moreover, ability to modulate nanomaterial interaction with bacterial cellular systems plays a pivotal role in improving the efficacy of the strategy. In the initial studies on engineering nanoparticle surface chemistry, I investigated the role played by surface ligands in determining the antimicrobial activity of the nanoparticles. In further study, I determined that surface monolayer of hydrophobic ligands facilitated the nanoparticles to block bacterial efflux pumps, yielding reduction in antibiotic dosage to treat pathogenic bacteria including methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA). Moreover, functionalization of nanoparticle surface with pH-responsive ligand was used to develop a general strategy to target and image bacterial biofilms for a broad-range of species. In a subsequent study, I have utilized a unique approach of integrating synthetic nanomaterials on the surface of natural super carrier-Red Blood Cells for selective delivery of nanoparticles to the site of bacterial infection for antimicrobial therapy. This strategy shows potential to combat bacterial infections without harming the ecology of human microbiome, as well as circumvent the issues associated with non-specific uptake of nanoparticles by the reticuloendothelial system. In another study, systematic investigation of antimicrobial activity of oxanorbornene-polymer derivatives generated polymer nanoparticles with unprecedented therapeutic selectivity towards MDR bacteria. Additionally, polymeric nanoparticles prevented onset of resistance development in bacteria for ~1300 generations and eradicate biofilms on infected mammalian cells, a feat unachieved by previous antimicrobial polymers. Amphiphilic polymer derivates increased the influx of antibiotics in Gram-negative bacteria and biofilms, resulting in synergistic antimicrobial therapy. Subsequently, we utilized engineered polymers to generate nanosponges through self-assembly of polymers around essential-oil based cores for topical treatment of wound biofilms. Overall, our results show strong potential as an infectious disease therapeutic while simultaneously provide a rational approach to design novel antimicrobials for sustainably combating bacterial infections.

Functionalized Nanomaterials for the Management of Microbial Infection

Functionalized Nanomaterials for the Management of Microbial Infection
A Strategy to Address Microbial Drug Resistance

by Rabah Boukherroub,Sabine Szunerits,Djamel Drider

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2016-12-14
  • Pages : 338
  • ISBN : 032341737X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Functionalized Nanomaterials for the Management of Microbial Infection: A Strategy to Address Microbial Drug Resistance introduces the reader to the newly developing use of nanotechnology to combat microbial drug resistance. Excessive use of antibiotics and antimicrobial agents has produced an inexorable rise in antibiotic resistance in bacterial pathogens. The use of nanotechnology is currently the most promising strategy to overcome microbial drug resistance. This book shows how, due to their small size, nanoparticles can surmount existing drug resistance mechanisms, including decreased uptake and increased efflux of the drug from the microbial cell, biofilm formation, and intracellular bacteria. In particular, chapters cover the use of nanoparticles to raise intracellular antimicrobial levels, thus directly targeting sites of infection and packaging multiple antimicrobial agents onto a single nanoparticle. Provides the information users need to integrate antibacterial nanoparticles into future treatments Gives readers with backgrounds in nanotechnology, chemistry, and materials science an understanding of the main issues concerning microbial drug resistance and its challenges Includes real-life case studies that illustrates how functionalized nanomaterials are used to manage microbial infection

Advances in Nanomaterials-based Cell Biology Research

Advances in Nanomaterials-based Cell Biology Research
A Book

by Yunfeng Lin

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9811626669
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanostructures for Antimicrobial and Antibiofilm Applications

Nanostructures for Antimicrobial and Antibiofilm Applications
A Book

by Ram Prasad,Busi Siddhardha,Madhu Dyavaiah

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-05-12
  • Pages : 458
  • ISBN : 3030403378
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In the pursuit of technological advancement in the field of biotechnology and pharmaceutical industries to counteract health issues, bacterial infections remain a major cause of morbidity and mortality. The ability of bacterial pathogens to form biofilms further agglomerates the situation by showing resistance to conventional antibiotics. To overcome this serious issue, bioactive metabolites and other natural products were exploited to combat bacterial infections and biofilm-related health consequences. Natural products exhibited promising results in vitro, however; their efficacy in in vivo conditions remain obscured due to their low-solubility, bioavailability, and biocompatibility issues. In this scenario, nanotechnological interventions provide a multifaceted platform for targeted delivery of bioactive compounds by slow and sustained release of drug-like compounds. The unique physico-chemical properties, biocompatibility and eco-friendly nature of bioinspired nanostructures has revolutionized the field of biology to eradicate microbial infections and biofilm-related complications. The green-nanotechnology based metal and metal oxide nanoparticles and polymeric nanoparticles have been regularly employed for antimicrobial and antibiofilm applications without causing damage to host tissues. The implications of these nanoparticles toward achieving sustainability in agriculture by providing systemic resistance against a variety of phytopathogens therefore plays crucial role in growth and crop productivity. Also the advent of smart and hybrid nanomaterials such as metal-based polymer nanocomposites, lipid-based nanomaterials and liposomes have the inherent potential to eradicate bacterial biofilm-related infections in an efficient manner. The recent development of carbon-based nanomaterials such as carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and silica based nanomaterials such as mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) also exploit a target of dreadful healthcare conditions such as cancer, immunomodulatory diseases, and microbial infections, as well as biofilm-related issues owing to their stability profile, biocompatibility, and unique physio-chemical properties. Recently novel physical approaches such as photothermal therapy (PTT) and antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) also revolutionized conventional strategies and are engaged in eradicating microbial biofilm-related infections and related health consequences. These promising advancements in the development of novel strategies to treat microbial infections and biofilm-related multidrug resistance (MDR) phenomenon may provide new avenues and aid to conventional antimicrobial therapeutics.

Interfaces Between Nanomaterials and Microbes

Interfaces Between Nanomaterials and Microbes
A Book

by Munishwar Nath Gupta,Sunil Kumar Khare,Rajeshwari Sinha

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2021-06-24
  • Pages : 300
  • ISBN : 1000345017
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanomaterials are becoming ubiquitous; microbes similarly are everywhere. This book focuses on various ways the diverse nanomaterials interact with microbial communities and implications of such interactions. Both toxicity and beneficial effects of nanomaterial-microbe interactions have been covered. This includes areas such as fate and bioavailability of nanomaterials in environments, microbial synthesis of nanomaterials and antimicrobial action of nanomaterials. Fairly comprehensive but with narrow focus, the book provides useful insights into these interactions which need to be factored in while designing nanoscience based new technologies.

Nanobiomaterials in Cancer Therapy

Nanobiomaterials in Cancer Therapy
Applications of Nanobiomaterials

by Alexandru Grumezescu

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2016-03-22
  • Pages : 588
  • ISBN : 032342886X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanobiomaterials in Cancer Therapy presents the major applications of nanobiomaterials in oncology, offering an up-to-date overview of the latest research in this field. Utilizing nanobiomaterials, novel therapeutic approaches enable significant improvements in drug-loading capacity, formulation stability and drug efficiency. In this book, leading researchers from around the world share their expertise and unique insights. The book covers the fabrication methods of platforms for multimodal and combinatorial therapeutic options, along with simultaneous and real-time cancer imaging, and innovative approaches for oncology by passive or active pathways of multifunctional nanocarriers. The work also classifies and discusses engineered nanobiosystems for cancer therapy, prevention, and low cancer recurrence or relapse. This book will be of interest to postdoctoral researchers, professors and students engaged in the fields of materials science, biotechnology and applied chemistry. It will also be highly valuable to those working in industry, including pharmaceutics and biotechnology companies, medical researchers, biomedical engineers and advanced clinicians. A comprehensive resource for researchers, practitioners and students working in biomedical, biotechnological and engineering fields A valuable guide to recent scientific progress and the latest application methods Discusses novel opportunities and ideas for developing or improving technologies in nanomedicine and nanobiology

Silver Nanomaterials for Agri-Food Applications

Silver Nanomaterials for Agri-Food Applications
A Book

by Kamel A. Abd-Elsalam

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-08-14
  • Pages : 764
  • ISBN : 0128235292
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Silver Nanomaterials for Agri-Food Applications explores how silver-based nanomaterials are being used to create more efficient systems and products across the agri-food sector. In particular, the book covers silver nanomaterials as antimicrobial agents, in food science, for plant protection, and for water purification. Sections highlight the effect of silver nanoantimicrobials and drug synergism on drug-resistant pathogens, offer an overview of silver nanomaterials-based nanosensors in agri-food applications, explore the use of silver nanostructures in plant science applications, cover plant protection applications, describe silver nanomaterial applications in the removal of dyes and pesticides from wastewater, and more. Explores the applications of silver-based nanomaterials for plant protection, water treatments, and in food science Outlines why silver-based nanomaterials have properties that make them beneficial for protection against infectious diseases Assesses the challenge of integrating silver-based nanomaterials into agricultural systems

Handbook on Nanobiomaterials for Therapeutics and Diagnostic Applications

Handbook on Nanobiomaterials for Therapeutics and Diagnostic Applications
A Book

by Krishnan Anand,Muthupandian Saravanan,Balakumar Chandrasekaran,Suvardhan Kanchi,Sarojini Jeeva Panchu,Quan-Sheng Chen

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-03-18
  • Pages : 610
  • ISBN : 0128219149
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Handbook of Nano-biomaterials for Therapeutics and Diagnostic Applications covers in-depth topics on nano-biomaterials and nano drug delivery systems (biosensors and bioimaging) involving polymer nanocomposites, metal nanocomposites, and other carbon family fibers and proteins. The book covers the current application of tiny machines or nanodevices and their use as early detection systems for life threatening diseases, giving detailed literature on the development of nanodevices, their use as diagnostic tools, and their present trend in the industry and market. In addition, their synthesis, potential applications and future of smart nanodevices in diagnosis of diseases and their use as smart clinical devices is covered. Users will find sections on recent advances in interdisciplinary research on the processing, morphology, structure and properties of nanostructured materials and their applications in drug delivery for various diseases such as cancer, tuberculosis, Alzheimer disease, ophthalmic diseases, and more. Offers a comprehensive coverage of the therapeutics and smart nanodevices as diagnostic tools and their potential clinical applications in biosensing and bioimaging Includes a glimpse into the nano-biomaterials that are essential components in nanomedicines Describes nanodevices in the early diagnosis of the diseases Explains the nano-drug delivery system for the treatment of various diseases, including cancer, tuberculosis, Alzheimer disease, and ophthalmic diseases Encompasses all information, starting from the design of nano-biomaterials to their applications in theranostics

Recent Progress in Antimicrobial Nanomaterials

Recent Progress in Antimicrobial Nanomaterials
A Book

by Ana María Díez-Pascual

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2021-01-20
  • Pages : 228
  • ISBN : 3039439596
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Based on a fundamental understanding of the interaction between bacteria and nanomaterials, this book highlights the latest research on the antimicrobial properties of nanomaterials and provides an invaluable blueprint for improving the antimicrobial performance of devices and products. This book introduces the reader to the progress being made in the field, followed by an outline of applications in different areas. Various methods and techniques of synthesis and characterization are detailed. The content provides insight into the ongoing research, current trends, and technical challenges in this rapidly progressing field. Therefore, this book is highly suitable for materials scientists, engineers, biologists, and technologists.

Nanobiomaterials in Dentistry

Nanobiomaterials in Dentistry
Applications of Nanobiomaterials

by Alexandru Grumezescu

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2016-06-04
  • Pages : 498
  • ISBN : 0323428908
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanobiomaterials in Dentistry: Applications of Nanobiomaterials discusses synthesis methods and novel technologies involving nanostructured bio-active materials with applications in dentistry. This book provides current research results for those working in an applied setting. The advantage of having all this information in one coherent text will be the focused nature of the chapters and the ease of which this information can be accessed. This collection of titles brings together many of the novel applications these materials have in biology and discusses the advantages and disadvantages of each application and the perspectives of the technologies based on these findings. At the moment there is no other comparable book series covering all the subjects approached in this set of titles. Offers an updated and highly structured reference material for students, researchers, and practitioners working in biomedical, biotechnological, and engineering fields Serves as a valuable resource of recent scientific progress, along with most known applications of nanomaterials in the biomedical field Features novel opportunities and ideas for developing or improving technologies in nanomedicine and dentistry

Nanotoxicity

Nanotoxicity
Prevention and Antibacterial Applications of Nanomaterials

by Susai Rajendran,Anita Mukherjee,Tuan Anh Nguyen,Chandraiah Godugu,Ritesh K. Shukla

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-04-09
  • Pages : 504
  • ISBN : 012819944X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanotoxicity: Prevention, and Antibacterial Applications of Nanomaterials focuses on the fundamental concepts for cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of nanomaterials. It sheds more light on the underlying phenomena and fundamental mechanisms through which nanomaterials interact with organisms and physiological media. The book provides good guidance for toxic prevention methods and management in the manufacture/application/disposal. The book also discusses the potential applications of nanomaterials-based antibiotics. The potential toxic effects of nanomaterials result not only from the type of base materials, but also from their size/ ligands/surface chemical modifications. This book discusses why different classes of nanomaterials display toxic properties, and what can be done to mitigate this toxicity. It also explores how nanomaterials are being used as antimicrobial agents, being used to purify air and water, and counteract a range of infectious diseases. This is an important reference for materials scientists, environmental scientists and biomedical scientists, who are seeking to gain a greater understanding of how nanomaterials can be used to combat toxic agents, and how the toxicity of nanomaterials themselves can best be mitigated. Explains the underlying phenomena and fundamental mechanisms through which nanomaterials interact with organisms and physiological media Outlines major methods for mitigating and prevention of nanotoxicity Discusses the applications of nanomaterials-based antibiotics

Bioenergy and Biofuels

Bioenergy and Biofuels
A Book

by Ozcan Konur

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-01-02
  • Pages : 485
  • ISBN : 1138032824
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book aims to inform readers about the recent developments in bioenergy and biofuels covering current issues from an interdisciplinary approach. It will also feature coverage of anticipated future trends related to each particular biofuel. Chapters will consist of original research presented by world class experts in their respective fields. A number of interdisciplinary areas will be incorporated such as Energy & Fuels, Biotechology, Genomics, Economics, Optimization, Chemical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering and Algae Science. Examples will relate to a matrix of biofuel and energy types such as bioethanol, biobutanol, and biomethane.

Functional Bionanomaterials

Functional Bionanomaterials
From Biomolecules to Nanoparticles

by Devarajan Thangadurai,Jeyabalan Sangeetha,Ram Prasad

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-07-08
  • Pages : 489
  • ISBN : 3030414647
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book focuses on the application of nanotechnology in medicine and drug delivery, including diagnosis and therapy. Nanomedicine can contribute to the development of a personalized medicine both for diagnosis and therapy. By interacting with biological molecules at nanoscale level, nanotechnology opens up an immense field of research and applications. Interactions between artificial molecular assemblies or nanodevices and biomolecules can be understood both in the extracellular medium and inside human cells. Operating at nanoscale allows exploitation of physical properties different from those observed at microscale, such as the volume to surface area ratio. A number of clinical applications of nanobiotechnology, such as disease diagnosis, target-specific drug delivery, and molecular imaging are being investigated. Some promising new products are also undergoing clinical trials. Such advanced applications of this approach to biological systems will undoubtedly transform the foundations of diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease in the future. Nanomedicine sales reached $16 billion in 2015, with a minimum of $3.8 billion in nanotechnology R&D being invested each year. Global funding for emerging nanotechnology increased by 45% per year in recent years, with product sales exceeding $1 trillion in 2013. As the nanomedicine industry continues to grow, it is expected to have a significant impact on the global economy. This book provides clear, colorful and simple illustrations, tables, and case studies to clearly convey the content to a general audience and reader. This book also discusses the development of nanobiomaterials from biogenic (biological sources) systems for healthcare and disease therapies. This book, therefore, is useful for researchers and academicians in the fields of nanotechnology, medicine, nano-biotechnology and pharmacology.

Fabrication and Self-Assembly of Nanobiomaterials

Fabrication and Self-Assembly of Nanobiomaterials
Applications of Nanobiomaterials

by Alexandru Grumezescu

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2016-01-06
  • Pages : 528
  • ISBN : 0323417353
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fabrication and Self-Assembly of Nanobiomaterials presents the most recent findings regarding the fabrication and self-assembly of nanomaterials for different biomedical applications. Respected authors from around the world offer a comprehensive look at how nanobiomaterials are made, enabling knowledge from current research to be used in an applied setting. Recent applications of nanotechnology in the biomedical field have developed in response to an increased demand for innovative approaches to diagnosis, exploratory procedures and therapy. The book provides the reader with a strong grounding in emerging biomedical nanofabrication technologies, covering numerous fabrication routes for specific applications are described in detail and discussing synthesis, characterization and current or potential future use. This book will be of interest to professors, postdoctoral researchers and students engaged in the fields of materials science, biotechnology and applied chemistry. It will also be highly valuable to those working in industry, including pharmaceutics and biotechnology companies, medical researchers, biomedical engineers and advanced clinicians. An up-to-date and highly structured reference source for practitioners, researchers and students working in biomedical, biotechnological and engineering fields A valuable guide to recent scientific progress, covering major and emerging applications of nanomaterials in the biomedical field Proposes novel opportunities and ideas for developing or improving technologies in fabrication and self-assembly

Food Preservation

Food Preservation
A Book

by Alexandru Grumezescu

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2016-08-31
  • Pages : 792
  • ISBN : 0128043741
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Food Preservation, Volume Six, the latest in the Nanotechnology in the Agri-Food Industry series, discusses how nanotechnology can improve and control the growth of pathogenic and spoilage compounds to improve food safety and quality. The book includes research information on nanovesicles, nanospheres, metallic nanoparticles, nanofibers, and nanotubes, and how they are capable of trapping bioactive substances to increase and maintain the stability of compounds often sensitive under typical food processing and storage conditions. This book will be useful to a wide audience of food science research professionals and professors and students doing research in the field. Describes the effective utilization of nanostructured antimicrobials in toxicological studies and real food systems Offers research strategies for understanding opportunities in antimicrobial nanostructures and the potential challenges of their toxicity Presents diverse applications of nanostructured antimicrobials in food preservation Covers the potential benefits of nanotechnology and methods of risk assessment that ensure food safety

Seaweed Polysaccharides

Seaweed Polysaccharides
Isolation, Biological and Biomedical Applications

by Jayachandran Venkatesan,Sukumaran Anil,Se-Kwon Kim

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2017-05-30
  • Pages : 408
  • ISBN : 0128098171
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Seaweed Polysaccharides: Isolation, Biological, and Biomedical Applications examines the isolation and characterization of algal biopolymers, including a range of new biological and biomedical applications. In recent years, significant developments have been made in algae-based polymers (commonly called polysaccharides), and in biomedical applications such as drug delivery, wound dressings, and tissue engineering. Demand for algae-based polymers is increasing and represent a potential—very inexpensive—resource for these applications. The structure and chemical modification of algal polymers are covered, as well as the biological properties of these materials – including antithrombic, anti-inflammatory, anticoagulant, and antiviral aspects. Toxicity of algal biopolymers is also covered. Finally, the book introduces and explains real world applications of algal-based biopolymers in biomedical applications, including tissue engineering, drug delivery, and biosensors. This is the first book to cover the extraction techniques, biomedical applications, and the economic perspective of seaweed polysaccharides. It is an essential text for researchers and industry professionals looking to work with this renewable resource. Provides comprehensive coverage of the research currently taking place in biomedical applications of algae biopolymers Includes practical guidance on the isolation, extraction, and characterization of polysaccharides from sustainable marine sources Covers the extraction techniques, biomedical applications, and economic outlook of seaweed polysaccharides