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Nanoclusters

Nanoclusters
A Bridge Across Disciplines

by Purusottam Jena,Albert Welford Castleman

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 576
  • ISBN : 0444534407
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This comprehensive book on Nanoclusters comprises sixteen authoritative chapters written by leading researchers in the field. It provides insight into topics that are currently at the cutting edge of cluster science, with the main focus on metal and metal compound systems that are of particular interest in materials science, and also on aspects related to biology and medicine. While there are numerous books on clusters, the focus on clusters as a bridge across disciplines sets this book apart from others. Delivers cutting edge coverage of cluster science Covers a broad range of topics in physics, chemistry, and materials science Written by leading researchers in the field

Atomically Precise Metal Nanoclusters

Atomically Precise Metal Nanoclusters
A Book

by Zhikun Wu,Rongchao Jin

  • Publisher : Morgan & Claypool Publishers
  • Release : 2020-11-06
  • Pages : 139
  • ISBN : 1636390250
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Atomically precise metal nanocluster research has emerged as a new frontier. This book serves as an introduction to metal nanoclusters protected by ligands. The authors have summarized the synthesis principles and methods, the characterization methods and new physicochemical properties, and some potential applications. By pursuing atomic precision, such nanocluster materials provide unprecedented opportunities for establishing precise relationships between the atomic-level structures and the properties. The book should be accessible to senior undergraduate and graduate students, researchers in various fields (e.g., chemistry, physics, materials, biomedicine, and engineering), R&D scientists, and science policy makers.

Nanophysics, Nanoclusters and Nanodevices

Nanophysics, Nanoclusters and Nanodevices
A Book

by Kimberly S. Gehar

  • Publisher : Nova Publishers
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 293
  • ISBN : 9781594548529
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanotechnology is a 'catch-all' description of activities at the level of atoms and molecules that have applications in the real world. A nanometre is a billionth of a metre, about 1/80,000 of the diameter of a human hair, or 10 times the diameter of a hydrogen atom. Nanotechnology is now used in precision engineering, new materials development as well as in electronics; electromechanical systems as well as mainstream biomedical applications in areas such as gene therapy, drug delivery and novel drug discovery techniques. This book presents the latest research in this frontier field.

Electronic and structural properties of nanoclusters

Electronic and structural properties of nanoclusters
A Book

by Alexey Tal

  • Publisher : Linköping University Electronic Press
  • Release : 2018-03-15
  • Pages : 78
  • ISBN : 9176853497
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanoclusters have gained a huge interest due to their unique properties. They represent an intermediate state between an atom and a solid, which manifests itself in their atomic configurations and electronic structure. The applications of nanoclusters require detailed understanding of their properties and strongly depend on the ability to control their synthesis process. Significant effort has been invested in modelling of nanoclusters properties. However, the complexity of these systems is such that many aspects of their growth process and properties are yet to be understood. My thesis focuses on describing structural and electronic properties of nanoclusters. In particular, the model for nanoparticles growth in plasma condition is developed and applied, allowing to describe the influence of the plasma conditions on the evaporation, growth and morphological transformation processes. The mechanism driving the morphology transition from icosahedral to decahedral phase is suggested based on force-fields models. Spectroscopic methods allow for precise characterization of nanoclusters and constitute an important tool for analysis of their electronic structure of valence band as well as core-states. The special attention in the thesis is paid to the core-states of nanoclusters and influences that affect them. In particular, the effects of local coordination, interatomic distances and confinement effects are investigated in metal nanoclusters by density functional theory methods. These effects and their contribution to spectroscopic features of nanoclusters in X-ray photoemission are modelled. The relation between the reactivity of nanoclusters and their spectroscopic features calculated in different approximations are revealed and explained. Ceria is a very important system for many applications due to the ability of cerium atoms to change their oxidation state depending on the environment. The shift of the oxidation state and its effects on the core-states is examined with X-ray absorption measurements and modelling allowing to build a rigid foundation for interpretation of the measured spectra and characterization of electronic structure of ceria nanoparticles.

Nanoclusters and Microparticles in Gases and Vapors

Nanoclusters and Microparticles in Gases and Vapors
A Book

by Boris M. Smirnov

  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
  • Release : 2012-05-29
  • Pages : 263
  • ISBN : 3110273993
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Research of processes involving Nanoclusters and Microparticles has been developing fast in many fields of rescent research, in particular in materials science. To stay at the cutting edge of this development, a sound understanding of the processes is needed. In this work, several processes involving small particles are described, such as transport processes in gases, charging of small particles in gases, chemical processes, atom attachment and quenching of excited atomic particles on surfaces, nucleation, coagulation, coalescence and growth processes for particles and aggregates. This work presents the mathematical models to understand these processes. It analyses examples of real objects and processes. Each analysis is complemented by analytic formulas or simple models which allow us to calculate or estimate process parameters.

Nanoclusters and Nanocrystals

Nanoclusters and Nanocrystals
A Book

by Hari Singh Nalwa

  • Publisher : Amer Scientific Pub
  • Release : 2003
  • Pages : 315
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanoclusters' potential applications include microelectronics, magnetic storage, optical data storage, spintronics devices, telecommunications, sensors, transducers, biological markers, switches, electroluminescent displays, chemical reactors, and catalysts, among others; nanocrystalline materials w

Metal Nanoclusters in Catalysis and Materials Science: The Issue of Size Control

Metal Nanoclusters in Catalysis and Materials Science: The Issue of Size Control
A Book

by Benedetto Corain,Guenter Schmid,N Toshima

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2011-08-11
  • Pages : 470
  • ISBN : 9780080555003
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Metal Nanoclusters in Catalysis and Materials Science: The Issue of Size Control deals with the synthesis of metal nanoclusters along all known methodologies. Physical and chemical properties of metal nanoclusters relevant to their applications in chemical processing and materials science are covered thoroughly. Special attention is given to the role of metal nanoclusters size and shape in catalytic processes and catalytic applications relevant to industrial chemical processing. An excellent text for expanding the knowledge on the chemistry and physics of metal nanoclusters. Divided in two parts; Part I deals with general aspects of the matter and Part II has to be considered a useful handbook dealing with the production of metal nanoclusters, especially from their size-control point of view. * Divided into two parts for ease of reference: general and operational * Separation of synthetic aspects, physical properties and applications * Specific attention is given to the task of metal nanoclusters size-control

Supramolecular Gold Chemistry

Supramolecular Gold Chemistry
From Atomically Precise Thiolate-Protected Gold Nanoclusters to Gold-Thiolate Nanostructures

by Rodolphe Antoine

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2020-06-23
  • Pages : 182
  • ISBN : 3039285505
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is about supramolecular gold chemistry. This book provides a unique international forum aimed at covering a broad description of results involving the supramolecular chemistry of gold with a special focus on the gold–sulfur interface leading to hybrid materials ranging from gold–thiolate complexes to thiolate-protected gold nanoclusters and gold–thiolate supramolecular assemblies or nanoparticles. The role of thiolates on the structure and optical features of gold nanohybrid systems (ranging from plasmonic gold nanoparticles and fluorescent gold nanoclusters to self-assembled Au-containing thiolated coordination polymers) is highlighted in the 12 papers presented in this book.

Luminescent Metal Nanoclusters

Luminescent Metal Nanoclusters
Synthesis, Characterisation and Applications

by Sabu Thomas,Joseph Kuruvilla,Saritha Appukuttan,Meegle S. Mathew

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2022-07-15
  • Pages : 925
  • ISBN : 9780323886574
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Luminescent Metal Nanoclusters: Synthesis, Characterisation and Applications provides a comprehensive accounting of various protocols used for the synthesis of metal nanoclusters, their characterization techniques, toxicity evaluation and various applications and future prospects. The book provides detailed experimental routes, along with mechanisms on the formation of benign metallic clusters using biomaterials and a comprehensive review regarding the preparation, properties and prospective applications of these nano clusters in various fields, including therapeutic applications. Various methods to protect nanocluster materials to increase their stability are emphasized, including the incorporation of ligands (protein, small molecule, DNA, thiols). This book addresses a gap in the current literature by bringing together the preparation, characterization and applications of all the possible types of reported metal nanoclusters and their hybrids. It is suitable for materials scientists and engineers in academia and those working in research and development in industry. It may also be of interest to those working in the interdisciplinary nanotechnology community, such as physical chemists. Covers the most relevant material categories of luminescent nanoclusters such as metal nanoclusters, nano composites and alloy nanoclusters Provides a comprehensive overview of the various available methods used for the protection of nanoclusters Discusses the latest advances and future opportunities in addressing challenges in producing benign nanomaterials such as toxicity and stability

Functional Nanometer-Sized Clusters of Transition Metals

Functional Nanometer-Sized Clusters of Transition Metals
Synthesis, Properties and Applications

by Wei Chen,Shaowei Chen

  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release : 2014-08-14
  • Pages : 446
  • ISBN : 1782628517
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Metal nanoclusters, which bridge metal atoms and nanocrystals, are gaining attention due to their unique chemical and physical properties which differ greatly from their corresponding large nanoparticles and molecular compounds. Their electronic and optical properties are of particular interest for their use in sensing, optoelectronics, photovoltaics and catalysis. The book highlights recent progress and challenges in size-controlled synthesis, size-dependent properties, characterization and applications of metal nanoclusters. Specific topics include organochalcogenolate-stabilized metal nanoparticles, water-soluble fluorescent silver nanoclusters, thiolate-protected Au and Ag nanoclusters, DNA-templated metal nanoclusters, fluorescent platinum nanoclusters and janus nanoparticles by interfacial engineering. Edited by active researchers in the area, the book provides a valuable reference for researchers in the area of functional nanomaterials. It also provides a guide for graduate students, academic and industrial researchers interested in the fundamentals of the materials or their applications.

Dekker Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Dekker Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
A Book

by James A. Schwarz,Cristian I. Contescu,Karol Putyera

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 4014
  • ISBN : 9780824750503
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Structure and Properties of Atomic Nanoclusters

Structure and Properties of Atomic Nanoclusters
A Book

by Julio A. Alonso

  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release : 2012
  • Pages : 492
  • ISBN : 1848167342
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Atomic clusters are aggregates of atoms containing a few to several thousand atoms. Due to the small size of these pieces of matter, the properties of atomic clusters in general are different from those of the corresponding material in the macroscopic bulk phase. This monograph presents the main developments of atomic clusters and the current status of the field. The book treats different types of clusters with very different properties: clusters in which the atoms or molecules are tied by weak van der Waals interactions, metallic clusters, clusters of ionic materials, and network clusters made of typical covalent elements. It includes methods of experimental cluster synthesis as well as the structural, electronic, thermodynamic and magnetic properties of clusters, covering both experiments and the theoretical work that has led to our present understanding of the different properties of clusters. The question of assembling nanoclusters to form solids with new properties is also considered. Having an adequate knowledge of the properties of clusters can be of great help to any scientist working with objects of nanometric size. On the other hand, nanoclusters are themselves potentially important in fields like catalysis and nanomedicine.

Aluminium Alloys

Aluminium Alloys
The Physical and Mechanical Properties

by Jürgen Hirsch,Birgit Skrotzki,Günter Gottstein

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2008-11-17
  • Pages : 2504
  • ISBN : 9783527323678
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Aluminium is a well established modern lightweight engineering and functional material with a unique combination of specific properties like strengh, formability, durability, conductivity, corrosion resistance, etc. It is present in many intelligent solutions in established markets like building, transport, packaging, printing, and many others, in our fast moving modern society. The various aluminium alloys can be processed quite efficiently in large quantities by conventional fabrication routes, as well as in special sophisticated forms and material combinations for highly innovative high-tec solutions and applications. This book contains latest information about all these aspects in form of the refereed papers of the II th International Conference on Aluminium Alloys "ICAA", where world-wide experts from academia and engineers from industry present latest results and new ideas in fundamental as well as applied research. Since 22 years the ICAA series provides scientists and engineers with a complete overview over the latest scientific and technological developments, featuring profound technology-based overviews and new innovative perspectives. This book is a reference for the scientific community as well as for the aluminium industry working on aluminium alloy development, processing and application issues. It gives a global perspective on the current focus of international research with emphasis on in-depth understanding of specific properties and applications of conventional and advanced aluminium alloys.

Synthesis and Characterization of Silicon Nanoclusters

Synthesis and Characterization of Silicon Nanoclusters
A Book

by Daniel Mayeri

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1999
  • Pages : 182
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Electronic Properties of Nanoclusters in Amorphous Materials

Electronic Properties of Nanoclusters in Amorphous Materials
A Book

by Mikio Fukuhara

  • Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
  • Release : 2019-09-17
  • Pages : 157
  • ISBN : 152754009X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanometre-sized clusters (nanoclusters) that make up amorphous materials (metallic alloys and organic and inorganic compounds) cast new light on the science and technology of this century. However, because various electronic characteristics of nanoclusters have been discovered during the past decade, there have been few publications concerned with the electronic properties of nanoclusters. This book presents a detailed study of these properties, beginning with their basic characteristics (from alloy synthesis to the electronic rule for the formation of amorphous alloys) to more technical aspects (such as new single electron transistors, superior ballistic conduction).

Nanochemistry

Nanochemistry
A Chemical Approach to Nanomaterials

by Geoffrey A. Ozin,André C. Arsenault,Ludovico Cademartiri

  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release : 2009-01-01
  • Pages : 820
  • ISBN : 184755895X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The global success of the 1st edition of Nanochemistry, along with exceptionally rapid change in the field, has necessitated the publication of a 2nd edition after only three years. This truly major update highlights the latest breakthroughs using more than eighty new case histories, more problem sets, and more teaching principles. Nanotechnology is touted to begin a new era by bringing us materials that were not available before. This book describes the fascinating chemistry behind nanotechnology in a clear and easy to read style. Aimed at teachers, graduate students and advanced undergraduates it provides an authoritative, rigorous and hype-free guide to this burgeoning field. For those who already have some knowledge of the subject, the book remains invaluable as a reference and source of inspiration for future research or teaching. Suitable for those coming from a physics, biology, medicine, materials science, engineering or chemistry background, the book is ideal for whoever needs a birds-eye view of the field. The extensive bibliography allows the reader to find any level of detail behind each of the subjects.

Atomically Precise Metal Nanoclusters

Atomically Precise Metal Nanoclusters
A Book

by Thalappil Pradeep

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-10-15
  • Pages : 500
  • ISBN : 9780323908795
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Atomically Precise Metal Nanoclusters offer a host of exciting properties, which can be better harnessed with a solid understanding of their different structures and subsequent properties at the molecular level. Atomically Precise Metal Nanoclusters delves into the foundational chemistry of numerous key atomically precise clusters, and provides guidance on the key approaches employed to examine them in more detail. Beginning with an introduction to the properties and fundamental nanochemistry of atomically precise metal nanoclusters in Part 1, Part 2 goes on to explore key approaches for their synthesis, examination and modification, including chromatography, mass spectrometry, single crystal diffraction, electron microscopy and computational approaches. Part 3 then examines specific nanoclusters and cluster systems in more detail. Under the guidance of its expert editor, Atomically Precise Metal Nanoclusters draws together the knowledge of an experienced team of contributors to provide a detailed guide to understanding, investigating, and utilizing these useful structures, for all those working in related fields. Comprehensive guide combining key knowledge, approaches and types of metal nanocluster in a single resource Supports understanding of important interactions and approaches using clear figures Highlights future needs and prospects for the field

Semiconductor Nanocrystals and Metal Nanoparticles

Semiconductor Nanocrystals and Metal Nanoparticles
Physical Properties and Device Applications

by Tupei Chen,Yang Liu

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2016-10-14
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN : 1439878315
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Semiconductor nanocrystals and metal nanoparticles are the building blocks of the next generation of electronic, optoelectronic, and photonic devices. Covering this rapidly developing and interdisciplinary field, the book examines in detail the physical properties and device applications of semiconductor nanocrystals and metal nanoparticles. It begins with a review of the synthesis and characterization of various semiconductor nanocrystals and metal nanoparticles and goes on to discuss in detail their optical, light emission, and electrical properties. It then illustrates some exciting applications of nanoelectronic devices (memristors and single-electron devices) and optoelectronic devices (UV detectors, quantum dot lasers, and solar cells), as well as other applications (gas sensors and metallic nanopastes for power electronics packaging). Focuses on a new class of materials that exhibit fascinating physical properties and have many exciting device applications. Presents an overview of synthesis strategies and characterization techniques for various semiconductor nanocrystal and metal nanoparticles. Examines in detail the optical/optoelectronic properties, light emission properties, and electrical properties of semiconductor nanocrystals and metal nanoparticles. Reviews applications in nanoelectronic devices, optoelectronic devices, and photonic devices.

Manufacturing Science and Technology, AEMT2011

Manufacturing Science and Technology, AEMT2011
A Book

by Peng Cheng Wang,Li Qun Ai,Yun Gang Li,Xiao Ming Sang,Jing Long Bu

  • Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
  • Release : 2011-07-04
  • Pages : 2818
  • ISBN : 3038136247
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This work covers the subject areas of materials properties, metal casting processes and equipment, forming and shaping processes and equipment, material removal processes and machines, joining processes and equipment, surface technology, common aspects of manufacturing, manufacturing in a competitive environment and other related topics. This book is sure to give readers new insights into the topics covered.

Chiral Nanomaterials

Chiral Nanomaterials
Preparation, Properties and Applications

by Zhiyong Tang

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2018-02-05
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN : 3527337571
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Thorough and up-to-date, this book presents recent developments in this exciting research field. To begin with, the text covers the fabrication of chiral nanomaterials via various synthesis methods, including electron beam lithography, ion beam etching, chemical synthesis and biological DNA directed assembly. This is followed by the relevant theory and reaction mechanisms, with a discussion of the characterization of chiral nanomaterials according to the optical properties of metal nanoparticles, semiconductor nanocrystals, and nanoclusters. The whole is rounded off by a summary of applications in the field of catalysis, sensors, and biomedicine. With its comprehensive yet concise coverage of the whole spectrum of research, this is invaluable reading for senior researchers and entrants to the field of nanoscience and materials science.