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Nanomaterials for the Detection and Removal of Wastewater Pollutants

Nanomaterials for the Detection and Removal of Wastewater Pollutants
A Book

by Barbara Bonelli,Francesca S. Freyria,Ilenia Rossetti,Rajandrea Sethi

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-06-29
  • Pages : 474
  • ISBN : 0128184892
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanomaterials for the Detection and Removal of Wastewater Pollutants assesses the role of nanotechnology and nanomaterials in improving both the detection and removal of inorganic and organic contaminants from wastewater that originates from municipal and industrial plants. The book covers how nanotechnology is being used to remove common contaminants, including dyes, chlorinated solvents, nitrites/nitrates, and emerging contaminants, such as pharmaceuticals, personal care products and pesticides. Sections cover nanofiltration, adsorption and remediation. Nanomaterial immobilization recovery is also addressed, along with the quantification of heat/mass transport limitations, sizing aspects and transport phenomena. Finally, regulatory aspects regarding contaminants and nanoparticles in the environment are covered. This book is an important resource for both materials scientists and environmental scientists looking to see how nanotechnology can play a role in making wastewater a less hazardous part of the global ecosystem. Addresses the role of new nanotechnology-based solutions for the detection and removal of common and emerging contaminants Discusses the environmental impact of nanoparticles used in wastewater contaminant detection and removal Explores the major challenges for using nanomaterials to detect and remove contaminants from wastewater

Nanomaterials for the Detection and Removal of Wastewater Pollutants

Nanomaterials for the Detection and Removal of Wastewater Pollutants
A Book

by Barbara Bonelli,Francesca S. Freyria,Ilenia Rossetti,Rajandrea Sethi

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-06-12
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN : 0128184906
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanomaterials for the Detection and Removal of Wastewater Pollutants assesses the role of nanotechnology and nanomaterials in improving both the detection and removal of inorganic and organic contaminants from wastewater that originates from municipal and industrial plants. The book covers how nanotechnology is being used to remove common contaminants, including dyes, chlorinated solvents, nitrites/nitrates, and emerging contaminants, such as pharmaceuticals, personal care products and pesticides. Sections cover nanofiltration, adsorption and remediation. Nanomaterial immobilization recovery is also addressed, along with the quantification of heat/mass transport limitations, sizing aspects and transport phenomena. Finally, regulatory aspects regarding contaminants and nanoparticles in the environment are covered. This book is an important resource for both materials scientists and environmental scientists looking to see how nanotechnology can play a role in making wastewater a less hazardous part of the global ecosystem. Addresses the role of new nanotechnology-based solutions for the detection and removal of common and emerging contaminants Discusses the environmental impact of nanoparticles used in wastewater contaminant detection and removal Explores the major challenges for using nanomaterials to detect and remove contaminants from wastewater

Nanomaterials in Bionanotechnology

Nanomaterials in Bionanotechnology
Fundamentals and Applications

by Ravindra Pratap Singh,Kshitij RB Singh

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2021-08-18
  • Pages : 388
  • ISBN : 1000428397
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanomaterials in Bionanotechnology: Fundamentals and Applications offers a comprehensive treatment of nanomaterials in biotechnology from fundamentals to applications, along with their prospects. This book explains the basics of nanomaterial properties, synthesis, biological synthesis, and chemistry and demonstrates how to use nanomaterials to overcome problems in agricultural, environmental, and biomedical applications. Features Covers nanomaterials for environmental analysis and monitoring for heavy metals, chemical toxins, and water pollutant detection Describes nanomaterials-based biosensors and instrumentation and use in disease diagnosis and therapeutics Discusses nanomaterials for food processing and packaging and agricultural waste management Identifies challenges in nanomaterials-based technology and how to solve them This work serves as a reference for industry professionals, advanced students, and researchers working in the discipline of bionanotechnology.

Organic Pollutants in Wastewater I

Organic Pollutants in Wastewater I
Methods of Analysis, Removal and Treatment

by Inamuddin

  • Publisher : Materials Research Forum LLC
  • Release : 2018-04-01
  • Pages : 362
  • ISBN : 194529163X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Wastewater represents an alternative to freshwater if it can be treated successfully for re-use applications. Promising techniques involve photocatalysis, adsorption, nanocomposites, and membranes. The book focusses on the following topics: Effluent detoxification and degradation kinetics of organic dyes using Fenton and photo-Fenton processes. Degradation of methylene blue using nanocomposites as a potential photocatalyst. Agricultural and agro-industries based wastes as low-cost biosorbents. Use of carbon quantum dots (CQDs) for photocatalytic degradation of organic pollutants. Detection, determination and removal of phenolic compounds from wastewater. Decomposition of organic dyes via photocatalysis. Oxide-semiconductor nanomaterials for photocatalytic wastewater purification. Photocatalytic efficiency of various ZnO composites for degradation of organic pollutants. TiO2 based nanocomposites. Membrane filtration processes for the removal of organics from industrial wastewater.

Functional Hybrid Nanomaterials for Environmental Remediation

Functional Hybrid Nanomaterials for Environmental Remediation
A Book

by Ahmad Fauzi Ismail,Pei Sean Goh

  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release : 2021-09-24
  • Pages : 308
  • ISBN : 1839165294
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Functional and structural nanomaterials are emerging materials that display interesting physical and chemical properties because of their size and surface area to volume ratio. Applications for these materials include uses in removing pollutants from the environment. Looking at the current state-of-the-art as well as future trends in the use of nanomaterials for tackling environmental issues this book covers everything from the synthesis and characterisation of these materials to their use in the removal of specific contaminants. Functional Hybrid Nanomaterials for Environmental Remediation is a useful resource both for nanomaterial scientists interested in the real world application of hybrid nanomaterials and for environmental chemists and environmental engineers interested in novel materials for environmental remediation.

Nanotechnology for Environmental and Biomedical Research

Nanotechnology for Environmental and Biomedical Research
A Book

by Giada Frenzilli

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2021-05-26
  • Pages : 340
  • ISBN : 3036507183
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Do you care about your environment and your health? Contamination by hazardous substances in environmental matrices, including landfills, oil fields, and manufacturing and industrial sites, represents a global concern and needs to be remediated since it poses a serious risk to the environment and human health. Particular attention should also be paid to the use of medical devices and recent developments in the use of nanoparticles expressed as drug delivery systems designed to treat a wide variety of diseases. This Special Issue collects a compilation of articles that strongly demonstrate the continuous efforts made in developing advanced and safe nanomaterial-based technologies for nano-remediation and for drug delivery and other biomedical applications. It covers the most recent advances in the safe nanomaterials synthesis field as well as in environmental applications, in the use of restorative materials, drug delivery and other clinical applications, in order to lay the foundations for a cleaner and healthier future.

Volume II: Low Enthalpy Geothermal Energy

Volume II: Low Enthalpy Geothermal Energy
A Book

by Rajandrea Sethi,Alessandro Casasso

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2020-12-10
  • Pages : 144
  • ISBN : 3039362844
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Low enthalpy geothermal energy has a great potential to reduce the climate impact of building heating and cooling systems. The use of this renewable energy source involves a number of scientific disciplines including energy engineering, heat transfer, geology, hydrogeology, chemistry, and economics. Low enthalpy geothermal energy, i.e., the underground heat available at temperatures below 90°C, has great potential in terms of reducing the climate impact of heating and cooling buildings. It can also be employed for other thermal uses, such as industrial processes, road de-icing, and bathing. The Special Issue “Volume II: Low Enthalpy Geothermal Energy” includes seven articles that discuss the topic from the following points of view: mapping of shallow geothermal potential, recent developments for enhancing the performance of borehole heat exchangers, exploitation of asphalt-covered surfaces for heating, measurement of the thermal conductivity of rocks and sediments, and performance monitoring of closed-loop and open-loop low enthalpy geothermal systems.

Functionalized Nanomaterials for Catalytic Application

Functionalized Nanomaterials for Catalytic Application
A Book

by Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain,Sudheesh K. Shukla,Bindu Mangla

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2021-06-15
  • Pages : 528
  • ISBN : 1119809010
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Durch die rasante Entwicklung in der Nanotechnologie ist es mittlerweile möglich, die physikalischen und chemischen Eigenschaften von Nanomaterialien mit molekularer Erkennung und katalytischen Anwendungen zu modulieren. Aus den Forschungsarbeiten ist eine große Zahl katalytischer Plattformen für zahlreiche Analyten entstanden, von Metallionen über kleine Moleküle, ionische Flüssigkeiten und Nukleinsäuren bis zu Proteinen. Funktionalisierte Nanomaterialien (FNM) bilden die Grundlage für wichtige Anwendungen in den Bereichen Umwelt, Energie und Gesundheit. Strategien zur Synthese von FNM spielen in verschiedenen Branchen eine wichtige Rolle, insbesondere in der Textil-, Bau-, Kosmetik-, Biomedizin- und Umweltindustrie. In diesem Werk wird das Design von funktionalisierten Nanomaterialien (FNM) in Bezug auf die neuesten Fortschritte in der Industrie und die entsprechenden Anwendungen erläutert. Das Buch vermittelt einen umfassenden Überblick über FNM und ihre Anwendungen, wodurch der Leser ein systematisches und kohärentes Bild von nahezu allen relevanten aktuellen Fortschritten erhält. Es wird erläutert, mithilfe welcher Funktionalisierungstechniken und -prozesse Nanomaterialien so verbessert werden, dass sie die Leistung von bereits genutzten Verfahren wesentlich verändern und spannende Konsumgüter hervorbringen, die zum aktuellen Lebensstil der modernen Gesellschaft passen.

Pollutants and Water Management

Pollutants and Water Management
Resources, Strategies and Scarcity

by Pardeep Singh,Rishikesh Singh,Vipin Kumar Singh,Rahul Bhadouria

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2021-05-04
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN : 1119693675
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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POLLUTANTS AND WATER MANAGEMENT Pollutants and Water Management: Resources, Strategies and Scarcity delivers a balanced and comprehensive look at recent trends in the management of polluted water resources. Covering the latest practical and theoretical aspects of polluted water management, the distinguished academics and authors emphasize indigenous practices of water resource management, the scarcity of clean water, and the future of the water system in the context of an increasing urbanization and globalization. The book details the management of contaminated water sites, including heavy metal contaminations in surface and subsurface water sources. It details a variety of industrial activities that typically pollute water, such as those involving crude oils and dyes. In its discussion of recent trends in abatement strategies, Pollutants and Water Management includes an exploration of the application of microorganisms, like bacteria, actinomycetes, fungi, and cyanobacteria, for the management of environmental contaminants. Readers will also discover a wide variety of other topics on the conservation of water sources including: The role of government and the public in the management of water resource pollution The causes of river system pollution and potential future scenarios in the abatement of river pollution Microbial degradation of organic pollutants in various water bodies The advancement in membrane technology used in water treatment processes Lead contamination in groundwater and recent trends in abatement strategies for it Highly polluting industries and their effects on surrounding water resources Perfect for graduate and postgraduate students and researchers whose focus is on recent trends in abatement strategies for pollutants and the application of microorganisms for the management of environmental contaminants, Pollutants and Water Management: Resources, Strategies and Scarcity also has a place in the libraries of environmentalists whose work involves the management and conservation of polluted sites.

Nanostructured Materials for Treating Aquatic Pollution

Nanostructured Materials for Treating Aquatic Pollution
A Book

by Gil Alberto Batista Gonçalves,Paula Marques

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2019-11-21
  • Pages : 306
  • ISBN : 3030337456
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book report the advances in the synthesis of new nanomaterials for the remediation of natural waters, groundwaters, and wastewaters. The authors describe synthetic routes for the assembly of different nanomaterials for the removal of contaminants by adsorption, catalytic degradation, and antibacterial activity. The hazardous effects of nanomaterials in aquatic ecosystems are discussed. This book presents the trends in the development of advanced technologies available in the market based on nanomaterials for more efficient water remediation. The authors also discuss sustainable management of water resources according to the new technologies developed and the improved efficiency of remediation processes.

Nanomaterials for Water Remediation

Nanomaterials for Water Remediation
Inorganic Oxide Materials

by Ajay Kumar Mishra

  • Publisher : Smithers Rapra
  • Release : 2016-07-14
  • Pages : 253
  • ISBN : 1911088033
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanomaterials have shown supreme potential in overcoming the major challenges posed by both the conventional as well as nano-enabled water purification systems. Remediation is the process of transforming the pollutants present in water from toxic to below the limits stipulated by national/international guidelines. Water remediation is the process of obtaining clean water from decontaminated water and is currently a huge challenge for the global scientific community.Volume 2 focuses on the use of inorganic oxides including metal and non-metal oxide materials for water remediation. This book also covers the broad discussion regarding various metal and non-metal oxides as well as nanoadsorbent metals, nanoparticles, cryogels and bentonites for the removal of the various organic and inorganic pollutants from wastewater. Water pollution is mainly caused by contaminants and can cause severe environmental and health issues. It is a well-established fact that nanomaterials have better adsorption capacity, selectivity and stability than nanoparticles.This book also covers the broad areas of nanotechnology, engineering, environmental science and water research, and will be of great benefit to researchers involved in these fields. The book provides a platform for all researchers as it covers considerable background from recent literature, including the abbreviations used. In addition, this book covers the broader research areas of chemistry, physics, materials science, composites, engineering and nanotechnology to present a multidisciplinary approach.

Emerging Carbon-Based Nanocomposites for Environmental Applications

Emerging Carbon-Based Nanocomposites for Environmental Applications
A Book

by Ajay Kumar Mishra,Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain,Shivani Bhardwaj Mishra

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2020-10-28
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 1119554861
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The 12 chapters comprehensively cover the development and advances on emerging carbon-based nanocomposites for wastewater applications and discuss the following topics: The emerging carbon-based nanocomposites for remediation of heavy metals and organic pollutants from wastewater; Functional green carbon nanocomposites for heavy-metal treatment in water; Green nanocomposites and their applications in environmentally-friendly carbon nanomaterials; Carbon-based nanocomposites as heterogeneous catalysts for organic reactions in environment-friendly solvents; Carbonaceous nanomaterials for arsenic and chromium removal from waste water; Biochar-based adsorbents for the removal of organic pollutants from aqueous systems; Describes carbon nanomaterials based green nanocomposites; The removal of trihalomethanes from water using nanofiltration membranes and The transformation of wide bandgap semiconductors for visible-light photocatalytic degradation of organic dyes; Nanocomposite materials as electrode materials in microbial fuel cells for the removal of water pollutants; Plasmonic smart nanosensors for the determination of environmental pollutants.

Nanostructured Metal-Oxide Electrode Materials for Water Purification

Nanostructured Metal-Oxide Electrode Materials for Water Purification
Fabrication, Electrochemistry and Applications

by Onoyivwe Monday Ama,Suprakas Sinha Ray

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-04-07
  • Pages : 193
  • ISBN : 3030433463
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book reports on the development of nanostructured metal-oxide-based electrode materials for use in water purification. The removal of organic pollutants and heavy metals from wastewater is a growing environmental and societal priority. This book thus focuses primarily on new techniques to modify the nanostructural properties of various solvent-electrolyte combinations to address these issues. Water treatment is becoming more and more challenging due to the ever increasing complexity of the pollutants present, requiring alternative and complementary approaches toward the removal of toxic chemicals, heavy metals and micro-organisms, to name a few. This contributed volume cuts across the fields of electrochemistry, water science, materials science, and nanotechnology, while presenting up-to-date experimental results on the properties and synthesis of metal-oxide electrode materials, as well as their application to areas such as biosensing and photochemical removal of organic wastewater pollutants. Featuring an introductory chapter on electrochemical cells, this book is well positioned to acquaint interdisciplinary researchers to the field, while providing topical coverage of the latest techniques and methodology. It is ideal for students and research professionals in water science, materials science, and chemical and civil engineering.

Chemical Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Chemical Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
New Materials and Modern Techniques

by Francisco Torrens,A. K. Haghi,Tanmoy Chakraborty

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2019-08-08
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN : 0429675550
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This new volume presents a wealth of practical experience and research on new methodologies and important applications in chemical nanotechnology. It also includes small-scale nanotechnology-related projects that have potential applications in several disciplines of chemistry and nanotechnology. In this book, contributions range from new methods to novel applications of existing methods to gain understanding of the material and/or structural behavior of new and advanced systems. Topics cover computational methods in chemical engineering and chemoinformatics, studies of some of physico-chemical properties of several important nanoalloy clusters, the use of 3D reconstruction of nanofibrous membranes, nanotechnology research for green engineering and sustainability, nanofiltration and carbon nanotubes applications in water treatment, and much more.

Nano and Bio-Based Technologies for Wastewater Treatment

Nano and Bio-Based Technologies for Wastewater Treatment
Prediction and Control Tools for the Dispersion of Pollutants in the Environment

by Elvis Fosso-Kankeu

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2019-05-16
  • Pages : 500
  • ISBN : 1119576946
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Over the past few decades the boom in the industrial sector has contributed to the release in the environment of pollutants that have no regulatory status and which may have significant impact on the health of animals and humans. These pollutants also refer as “emerging pollutants” are mostly aromatic compounds which derive from excretion of pharmaceutical, industrial effluents and municipal discharge. Some form of pollutions have also evolved, including the proliferation of acid mine drainage from oxidation or weathering of obsolete and unmanaged excavations around the world; this results mostly in the dispersion of inorganic pollutants in the environment at level surpassing the treatment capacity of conventional techniques. It is recurrent these days to find water treatment plants which no longer produce water that fits the purpose of domestic consumption based on newly established guidelines. This situation has prompted water authorities and researchers to develop tools for proper prediction and control of the dispersion of pollutants in the environment to ensure that appropriate measures are taken to prevent the occurrence of outbreaks due to sudden load of these pollutants in the water system. The chapters in this book cover a wide range of nano and bio-based techniques that have been designed for the real time detection of emerging contaminants in environmental water sources, geochemical models that are continuously improved for the prediction of inorganic contaminants migration from the mine solid wastes into ground and surface waters. Remediation strategies are also discussed and include effective techniques based on nanotechnology, advanced membrane filtration, oxidative and bio- degradation processes using various types of nanocatalysts, biocatalysts or supporting polymer matrices which are under advanced investigations for their implementation at large scale for the removal of recalcitrant pollutants from polluted water. This book is divided is two sections, the first section covers the occurrence of emerging pollutants in environmental water while the second section covers state of the art research on the removal of emerging pollutants from water using sustainable technologies. A total of 13 chapters addressing various topics related to the two sections are essentially based on recent development in the respective field which could have a significant impact on the enhancement of the performance of wastewater treatment plants around the world and especially in developing countries where access to clean and safe water remains a daily challenge

Emerging and Nanomaterial Contaminants in Wastewater

Emerging and Nanomaterial Contaminants in Wastewater
Advanced Treatment Technologies

by Ajay Kumar Mishra,Hossain Md Anawar,Nadjib Drouiche

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-11-01
  • Pages : 378
  • ISBN : 0128146745
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Emerging and Nanomaterial Contaminants in Wastewater: Advanced Treatment Technologies describes the state-of-the-art of remediation technologies, such as those involving nanotechnology, filtration devices (e.g. membranes), strategies involving adsorption and precipitation processes, development of new sorbents, nanosorbents, biosorbents, green technology, bio-electrokinetics, degradation of pollutants, advanced oxidative process, oxidative electrochemical and photocatalytic processes, catalytic degradation, and emerging hybrid technologies, such as photocatalyst membrane photoreactors using TiO2. Scientists and researchers in academia and industry will benefit from this comprehensive resource on the fundamental science behind the mechanisms at which wastewater sources can be purified from emerging contaminants. Provides a fundamental understanding of emerging contaminants to help readers select appropriate remediation technologies Discusses, in detail, new and advanced green technologies that remove emerging contaminants from wastewater Shows how to ensure water quality and save public health by protecting water resources from contaminants

Nanomaterials and Environmental Biotechnology

Nanomaterials and Environmental Biotechnology
A Book

by Indu Bhushan,Vivek Kumar Singh,Durgesh Kumar Tripathi

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-02-22
  • Pages : 434
  • ISBN : 3030345440
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanotechnology is considered as one of the emerging fields of science. It has applications in different biological and technological fields which deal with the science of materials at nanoscale (10-9). On the other hand, biotechnology is another field that deals with contemporary challenges. Nanobiotechnology fills the gap between these two fields. It merges physical, chemical, and biological principles in a single realm. This combination opens up new possibilities. At nanoscale dimensions, it creates precise nanocrystals and nanoshells. Integrated nanomaterials are used with modified surface layers for compatibility with living systems, improved dissolution in water, or biorecognition leading to enhanced end results in biotechnological systems. These nanoparticles can also be hybridized with additional biocompatible substances in order to amend their qualities to inculcate novel utilities. Nanobiotechnology is used in bioconjugate chemistry by coalescing up the functionality of non-organically obtained molecular components and biological molecules in order to veil the immunogenic moieties for targeted drug delivery, bioimaging and biosensing. This book blends the science of biology, medicine, bioinorganic chemistry, bioorganic chemistry, material and physical sciences, biomedical engineering, electrical, mechanical, and chemical science to present a comprehensive range of advancements. The development of nano-based materials has made for a greater understanding of their characterization, using techniques such as transmission electron microscope, FTIR, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscope EDX, and so on. This volume also highlights uses in environmental remediation, environmental biosensors and environmental protection. It also emphasizes the significance of nanobiotechnology to a series of medical applications viz., diagnostics, and therapeutics stem cell technology, tissue engineering enzyme engineering, drug development and delivery. In addition this book also offers a distinctive understanding of nanobiotechnology from researchers and educators and gives a comprehensive facility for future developments and current applications of nanobiotechnology.

Handbook of Research on Emerging Developments and Environmental Impacts of Ecological Chemistry

Handbook of Research on Emerging Developments and Environmental Impacts of Ecological Chemistry
A Book

by Duca, Gheorghe,Vaseashta, Ashok

  • Publisher : IGI Global
  • Release : 2019-12-06
  • Pages : 649
  • ISBN : 179981243X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Pollution has been a developing problem for quite some time in the modern world, and it is no secret how these chemicals negatively affect the environment. With these contaminants penetrating the earth’s water supply, affecting weather patterns, and threatening human health, it is critical to study the interaction between commercially produced chemicals and the overall ecosystem. Understanding the nature of these pollutants, the extent in which they are harmful to humans, and quantifying the total risks are a necessity in protecting the future of our world. TheHandbook of Research on Emerging Developments and Environmental Impacts of Ecological Chemistry is an essential reference source that discusses the process of chemical contributions and their behavior within the environment. Featuring research on topics such as organic pollution, biochemical technology, and food quality assurance, this book is ideally designed for environmental professionals, researchers, scientists, graduate students, academicians, and policymakers seeking coverage on the main concerns, approaches, and solutions of ecological chemistry in the environment.

Bioremediation Science

Bioremediation Science
From Theory to Practice

by Amitava Rakshit,Manoj Parihar,Binoy Sarkar,Harikesh B. Singh,Leonardo Fernandes Fraceto

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2021-05-21
  • Pages : 348
  • ISBN : 1000280705
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides state of the art description of various approaches, techniques and some basic fundamentals of bioremediation to manage a variety of organic and inorganic wastes and pollutants present in our environment. A comprehensive overview of recent advances and new development in the field of bioremediation research are provided within relevant theoretical framework to improve our understanding for the cleaning up of polluted water and contaminated land. The book is easy to read and language can be readily comprehended by aspiring newcomer, students, researchers and anyone else interested in this field. Renowned scientists around the world working on the above topics have contributed chapters. In this edited book, we have addressed the scope of the inexpensive and energy neutral bioremediation technologies. The scope of the book extends to environmental/agricultural scientists, students, consultants, site owners, industrial stakeholders, regulators and policy makers.

Carbon Nanomaterial-Based Adsorbents for Water Purification

Carbon Nanomaterial-Based Adsorbents for Water Purification
Fundamentals and Applications

by Suprakas Sinha Ray,Rashi Gusain,Neeraj Kumar

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-06-27
  • Pages : 420
  • ISBN : 0128219602
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The deterioration of water quality and unavailability of drinkable water are pressing challenges worldwide. The removal of toxic organic and inorganic pollutants from water is vital for a clean environment, as a response to water scarcity. Adsorption-based water technologies are among the most widely used because of their high efficiency and low cost, without relying on a complex infrastructure. In recent years, carbon nanomaterials (CNMs), such as graphene and derivatives, carbon nanotubes, carbon nanofibers, nanoporous carbon, fullerenes, graphitic carbon nitride, and nanodiamonds have been extensively exploited as adsorbents due to their extraordinary surface properties, ease of modification, large surface area, controlled structural varieties, high chemical stability, porosity, low density, ease of regeneration, and reusability. This book provides a thorough overview of the state of the art in carbon nanomaterials as they are used for adsorption applications in water purifications, as well as addressing their toxicological challenges. This volume primarily explores the fundamentals of adsorption, its mechanical aspects, synthesis and properties of CNMs, and adsorption performances of CNMs and their nanocomposites with organic and inorganic materials. Structural engineering and activation processes produce materials with enhanced adsorptive properties and separation efficiencies. Furthermore, the formation of CNMs with 2D and 3D macro-and microstructures and high porosities is a potential approach to improve adsorption performances and extend CNM use at the industrial level. The book also addresses important issues regarding these adsorbents that potentially affect future research and industrial applications of carbon-based nanoadsorbents in water security. Presents advances in multifunctional 3D superstructures of carbon nanomaterials and their composites for adsorption applications Outlines the fundamentals on synthesis and characterization techniques of carbon-based nanostructures and their composites Assesses the major toxicological challenges in using nanostructured materials as adsorbents for water purification