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Nanostructured, Functional, and Flexible Materials for Energy Conversion and Storage Systems

Nanostructured, Functional, and Flexible Materials for Energy Conversion and Storage Systems
A Book

by Alagarsamy Pandikumar,Perumal Rameshkumar

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-05-12
  • Pages : 542
  • ISBN : 0128227699
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanostructured, Functional, and Flexible Materials for Energy Conversion and Storage Systems gathers and reviews developments within the field of nanostructured functional materials towards energy conversion and storage. Contributions from leading research groups involved in interdisciplinary research in the fields of chemistry, physics and materials science and engineering are presented. Chapters dealing with the development of nanostructured materials for energy conversion processes, including oxygen reduction, methanol oxidation, oxygen evolution, hydrogen evolution, formic acid oxidation and solar cells are discussed. The work concludes with a look at the application of nanostructured functional materials in energy storage system, such as supercapacitors and batteries. With its distinguished international team of expert contributors, this book will be an indispensable tool for anyone involved in the field of energy conversion and storage, including materials engineers, scientists and academics. Covers the importance of energy conversion and storage systems and the application of nanostructured functional materials toward energy-relevant catalytic processes Discusses the basic principles involved in energy conversion and storage systems Presents the role of nanostructured functional materials in the current scenario of energy-related research and development

Fundamentals and Supercapacitor Applications of 2D Materials

Fundamentals and Supercapacitor Applications of 2D Materials
A Book

by Chandra Sekhar Rout,Dattatray J. Late

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-05-04
  • Pages : 414
  • ISBN : 0128219947
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fundamentals and Applications of Supercapacitor 2D Materials covers different aspects of supercapacitor 2D materials, including their important properties, synthesis, and recent developments in supercapacitor applications of engineered 2D materials. In addition, theoretical investigations and various types of supercapacitors based on 2D materials such as symmetric, asymmetric, flexible, and micro-supercapacitors are covered. This book is a useful resource for research scientists, engineers, and students in the fields of supercapacitors, 2D nanomaterials, and energy storage devices. Due to their sub-nanometer thickness, 2D materials have a high packing density, which is suitable for the fabrication of highly-packed energy supplier/storage devices with enhanced energy and power density. The flexibility of 2D materials, and their good mechanical properties and high packing densities, make them suitable for the development of thin, flexible, and wearable devices. Explores recent developments and looks at the importance of 2D materials in energy storage technologies Presents both the theoretical and DFT related studies Discusses the impact on performance of various operating conditions Includes a brief overview of the applications of supercapacitors in various industries, including aerospace, defense, biomedical, environmental, energy, and automotive

Green Functionalized Nanomaterials for Environmental Applications

Green Functionalized Nanomaterials for Environmental Applications
A Book

by Uma Shanker,Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain,Manviri Rani

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-09-01
  • Pages : 622
  • ISBN : 0128236159
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Green nanomaterials are classed as nanomaterials with no environmentally harmful, toxic, properties. The photocatalysis of nanomaterials involves photo-conduction value in efficient removal/degradation of noxious pollutants. Green nanotechnology has objectives for the development of products and processes which are environmentally friendly, economically sustainable, safe, energy-efficient, and produce little waste or emissions. Such products and processes are based on renewable materials and/or have a low net impact on the environment. Green functionalized nanomaterials, formed by a combination of nanomaterials with natural materials or are derived through a green source, are the new trends in the remediation of pollutants in environmental industries. This has the effect of making photoactive nanomaterials work under UV/sunlight radiation in order to produce reactive radical species that rapidly remove pollutants by redox mechanism. Green Functionalized Nanomaterials for Environmental Applications focuses on recent developments in the area of fabrication of green nanomaterials and their properties. It also looks at ways of lowering the risk of exposure of green functionalized nanomaterials. This needs to be pursued in the future for investigating and assessing health risks, which may be due to exposure to green nanomaterials. It is an important reference source for all those seeking to improve their understanding of how green functionalized nanomaterials are being used in a range of environmental applications, as well as considering potential toxicity implications. Highlights innovative industrial technologies for green functionalized nanomaterials Covers major fabrication techniques for sustainable functionalized nanomaterials Shows how sustainable functionalized nanomaterials are being developed for commercial applications

Photocatalytic Degradation of Dyes

Photocatalytic Degradation of Dyes
Current Trends and Future Perspectives

by Sushma Dave,Jayashankar Das,Maulin P. Shah

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-08-26
  • Pages : 794
  • ISBN : 0128242027
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Photocatalytic Degradation of Dyes: Current Trends and Future Perspectives covers in detail current trends and future aspects on photocatalytic degradation of organic dyes using novel photocatalytic techniques such as metallic nanoparticles, heterogeneous and hybrid systems using visible light irradiation. It highlights the most recent scientific and technological achievements and importance of degradation of dyes in the textile effluent by simple environmental friendly approaches using eco-friendly catalysts. It is of assistance to everyone interested in bioremediation of effluents: professionals, consulting engineers, academicians, and research scholars as well. Describes the basic photocatalytic techniques and their application in wastewater treatment Covers the key reactive species accounting for the photodegradation of different dyes, providing helpful guidelines that could be applied to foster the development of efficient photodegradation systems Includes Description of a wide variety of catalysts and their application in degradation of dyes in the effluent of variable matrices (such as textile effluent, pharmaceutical industry effluent, food industry effluent) Presents the application of doped semiconductors in the degradation of dyes, hybrid systems and their importance in the dye degradation Describes the biological synthesis of metallic nanostructures and their use in dye degradation using visible range of light irradiation Discusses the mechanistic aspect of the dye degradation using photo catalysts

Green Chemistry for Sustainable Textiles

Green Chemistry for Sustainable Textiles
Modern Design and Approaches

by Nabil Ibrahim,Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2021-07-23
  • Pages : 520
  • ISBN : 032385365X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Green Chemistry for Sustainable Textiles: Modern Design and Approaches provides a comprehensive survey of the latest methods in green chemistry for the reduction of the textile industry’s environmental impact. In recent years industrial R&D has been exploring more sustainable chemicals as well as eco-friendly technologies in the textile wet processing chain, leading to a range of new techniques for sustainable textile manufacture. This book discusses and explores basic principles of green chemistry and their implementation along with other aspects of cleaner production strategies, as well as new and emerging textile technologies, providing a comprehensive reference for readers at all levels. Potential benefits to industry from the techniques covered in this book include: Savings in water, energy and chemical consumption, waste minimization as well as disposal cost reduction, and production of high added value sustainable textile products to satisfy consumer demands for comfort, safety, aesthetic, and multi-functional performance properties. Innovative emerging methods are covered as well as popular current technologies, creating a comprehensive reference that facilitates comparisons between methods Evaluates the fundamental green chemistry principles as drivers for textile sustainability Explains how and why to use renewable green chemicals in the textile wet processing chain

Flexible Electronics: From Materials To Devices

Flexible Electronics: From Materials To Devices
A Book

by Guozhen Shen,Zhiyong Fan

  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release : 2016-04-27
  • Pages : 476
  • ISBN : 9814656003
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides a comprehensive overview of the recent development of flexible electronics. This is a fast evolving research field and tremendous progress has been made in the past decade. In this book, new material development and novel flexible device, circuit design, fabrication and characterizations will be introduced. Particularly, recent progress of nanomaterials, including carbon nanotubes, graphene, semiconductor nanowires, nanofibers, for flexible electronic applications, assembly of nanomaterials for large scale device and circuitry, flexible energy devices, such as solar cells and batteries, etc, will be introduced. And through reviewing these cutting edge research, the readers will be able to see the key advantages and challenges of flexible electronics both from material and device perspectives, as well as identify future directions of the field.

Conjugated Polymer Nanostructures for Energy Conversion and Storage Applications

Conjugated Polymer Nanostructures for Energy Conversion and Storage Applications
A Book

by Srabanti Ghosh

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2021-03-16
  • Pages : 528
  • ISBN : 3527820108
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A timely overview of fundamental and advanced topics of conjugated polymer nanostructures Conjugated Polymer Nanostructures for Energy Conversion and Storage Applications is a comprehensive reference on conjugated polymers for energy applications. Distinguished academic and editor Srabanti Ghosh offers readers a broad overview of the synthesis, characterization, and energy-related applications of nanostructures based on conjugated polymers. The book includes novel approaches and presents an interdisciplinary perspective rooted in the interfacing of polymer and synthetic chemistry, materials science, organic chemistry, and analytical chemistry. This book provides complete descriptions of conjugated polymer nanostructures and polymer-based hybrid materials for energy conversion, water splitting, and the degradation of organic pollutants. Photovoltaics, solar cells, and energy storage devices such as supercapacitors, lithium ion battery electrodes, and their associated technologies are discussed, as well. Conjugated Polymer Nanostructures for Energy Conversion and Storage Applications covers both the fundamental topics and the most recent advances in this rapidly developing area, including: The design and characterization of conjugated polymer nanostructures, including the template-free and chemical synthesis of polymer nanostructures Conjugated polymer nanostructures for solar energy conversion and environmental protection, including the use of conjugated polymer-based nanocomposites as photocatalysts Conjugated polymer nanostructures for energy storage, including the use of nanocomposites as electrode materials The presentation of different and novel methods of utilizing conjugated polymer nanostructures for energy applications Perfect for materials scientists, polymer chemists, and physical chemists, Conjugated Polymer Nanostructures for Energy Conversion and Storage Applications also belongs on the bookshelves of organic chemists and any other practicing researchers, academics, or professionals whose work touches on these highly versatile and useful structures.

Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage Systems for Future Sustainability

Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage Systems for Future Sustainability
Technological Advancements

by Aneeya Kumar Samantara,Satyajit Ratha

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2020-11-16
  • Pages : 326
  • ISBN : 1000763978
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This new volume discusses new and well-known electrochemical energy harvesting, conversion, and storage techniques. It provides significant insight into the current progress being made in this field and suggests plausible solutions to the future energy crisis along with approaches to mitigate environmental degradation caused by energy generation, production, and storage. Topics in Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage Systems for Future Sustainability: Technological Advancements address photoelectrochemical catalysis by ZnO, hydrogen oxidation reaction for fuel cell application, and miniaturized energy storage devices in the form of micro-supercapacitors. The volume looks at the underlying mechanisms and acquired first-hand information on how to overcome some of the critical bottlenecks to achieve long-term and reliable energy solutions. The detailed synthesis processes that have been tried and tested over time through rigorous attempts of many researchers can help in selecting the most effective and economical ways to achieve maximum output and efficiency, without going through time-consuming and complex steps. The theoretical analyses and computational results corroborate the experimental findings for better and reliable energy solutions.

Functional Nanostructured Membranes

Functional Nanostructured Membranes
A Book

by Enrico Drioli,Lidietta Giorno,Annarosa Gugliuzza

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-12-07
  • Pages : 604
  • ISBN : 1351135090
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A membrane is considered the heart of every separation process because it is developed as a nanostructured/nanofunctionalized thin barrier that controls the exchange between two phases, not only by external forces and under the effect of fluid properties, but also through the intrinsic characteristics of the membrane material itself. This book compiles cutting-edge research in membrane science, nanomaterials, and nanotechnologies, mainly from interdisciplinary research groups at the Institute on Membrane Technology, National Research Council (ITM-CNR), Italy, working on membrane design, membrane process engineering, and selected materials and practices for enhanced transport mass, charge, and energy. It covers topics on the design of new nanostructured membranes with improved properties, together with the identification of efficient transport–property relationships. It shares and strengthens the knowledge of making membrane technology a much more powerful and eco-friendly route, enabling one to provide prospective solutions and benefits for numerous fields of applications where traditional separation technologies suffer from many deficiencies. It is a great reference for researchers and investigators; graduate, PhD, and postgraduate students; and end users interested in membrane science and technology, nanomaterials, eco-friendly separation, chemistry, biology, and process engineering.

Sustainable Materials and Green Processing for Energy Conversion

Sustainable Materials and Green Processing for Energy Conversion
A Book

by Kuan Yew Cheong,Allen Apblett

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-10-08
  • Pages : 504
  • ISBN : 0128230703
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sustainable Materials and Green Processing for Energy Conversion provides a concise reference on green processing and synthesis of materials required for the next generation of devices used in renewable energy conversion and storage. The book covers the processing of bio-organic materials, environmentally-friendly organic and inorganic sources of materials, synthetic green chemistry, bioresorbable and transient properties of functional materials, and the concept of sustainable material design. The book features chapters by worldwide experts and is an important reference for students, researchers, and engineers interested in gaining extensive knowledge concerning green processing of sustainable, green functional materials for next generation energy devices. Additionally, functional materials used in energy devices must also be able to degrade and decompose with minimum energy after being disposed of at their end-of-life. Environmental pollution is one of the global crises that endangers the life cycles of living things. There are multiple root causes of this pollution, including industrialization that demands a huge supply of raw materials for the production of products related to meeting the demands of the Internet-of-Things. As a result, improvement of material and product life cycles by incorporation of green, sustainable principles is essential to address this challenging issue. Offers a resourceful reference for readers interested in green processing of environmentally-friendly and sustainable materials for energy conversion and storage devices Focuses on designing of materials through green-processing concepts Highlights challenges and opportunities in green processing of renewable materials for energy devices

Nanostructured Materials for Next-Generation Energy Storage and Conversion

Nanostructured Materials for Next-Generation Energy Storage and Conversion
Advanced Battery and Supercapacitors

by Qiang Zhen,Sajid Bashir,Jingbo Louise Liu

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2019-10-10
  • Pages : 472
  • ISBN : 3662586754
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Volume 3 of a 4-volume series is a concise, authoritative and an eminently readable and enjoyable experience related to lithium ion battery design, characterization and usage for portable and stationary power. Although the major focus is on lithium metal oxides or transition metal oxide as alloys, the discussion of fossil fuels is also presented where appropriate. This monograph is written by recognized experts in the field, and is both timely and appropriate as this decade will see application of lithium as an energy carrier, for example in the transportation sector. This Volume focuses on the fundamentals related to batteries using the latest research in the field of battery physics, chemistry, and electrochemistry. The research summarised in this book by leading experts is laid out in an easy-to-understand format to enable the layperson to grasp the essence of the technology, its pitfalls and current challenges in high-power Lithium battery research. After introductory remarks on policy and battery safety, a series of monographs are offered related to fundamentals of lithium batteries, including, theoretical modeling, simulation and experimental techniques used to characterize electrode materials, both at the material composition, and also at the device level. The different properties specific to each component of the batteries are discussed in order to offer tradeoffs between power and energy density, energy cycling, safety and where appropriate end-of-life disposal. Parameters affecting battery performance and cost, longevity using newer metal oxides, different electrolytes are also reviewed in the context of safety concerns and in relation to the solid-electrolyte interface. Separators, membranes, solid-state electrolytes, and electrolyte additives are also reviewed in light of safety, recycling, and high energy endurance issues. The book is intended for a wide audience, such as scientists who are new to the field, practitioners, as well as students in the STEM and STEP fields, as well as students working on batteries. The sections on safety and policy would be of great interest to engineers and technologists who want to obtain a solid grounding in the fundamentals of battery science arising from the interaction of electrochemistry, solid-state materials science, surfaces, and interfaces.

Three-Dimensional Carbon Architectures for Energy Conversion and Storage

Three-Dimensional Carbon Architectures for Energy Conversion and Storage
A Book

by Tianyu Liu,Kaiyuan Shi,Teng Zhai,Hyun-Kyung Kim

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2021-01-04
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 2889663353
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Electrode Materials for Energy Storage and Conversion

Electrode Materials for Energy Storage and Conversion
A Book

by Mesfin A. Kebede,Fabian I. Ezema

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2021-11-17
  • Pages : 518
  • ISBN : 1000457869
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides a comprehensive overview of the latest developments and materials used in electrochemical energy storage and conversion devices, including lithium-ion batteries, sodium-ion batteries, zinc-ion batteries, supercapacitors and conversion materials for solar and fuel cells. Chapters introduce the technologies behind each material, in addition to the fundamental principles of the devices, and their wider impact and contribution to the field. This book will be an ideal reference for researchers and individuals working in industries based on energy storage and conversion technologies across physics, chemistry and engineering. FEATURES Edited by established authorities, with chapter contributions from subject-area specialists Provides a comprehensive review of the field Up to date with the latest developments and research Editors Dr. Mesfin A. Kebede obtained his PhD in Metallurgical Engineering from Inha University, South Korea. He is now a principal research scientist at Energy Centre of Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), South Africa. He was previously an assistant professor in the Department of Applied Physics and Materials Science at Hawassa University, Ethiopia. His extensive research experience covers the use of electrode materials for energy storage and energy conversion. Prof. Fabian I. Ezema is a professor at the University of Nigeria, Nsukka. He obtained his PhD in Physics and Astronomy from University of Nigeria, Nsukka. His research focuses on several areas of materials science with an emphasis on energy applications, specifically electrode materials for energy conversion and storage.

Functional Materials

Functional Materials
For Energy, Sustainable Development and Biomedical Sciences

by Mario Leclerc,Robert Gauvin

  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Release : 2014-10-10
  • Pages : 493
  • ISBN : 3110307820
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"Functional Materials textbook is not simply a review of the vast body of literature of the recent years, as it holds the focus upon various aspects of application. Moreover, it selects only a few topics in favor of a solid and thorough treatment of the relevant aspects. This book comes in a good time, when a large body of academic literature has been accumulated and is waiting for a critical inspection in the light of the real demands of application." Professor Gerhard Wegner, Max-Planck Institute for Polymer Research, Mainz, Germany The chapters cover three important fields in the development of functional materials: energy, environment, and biomedical applications. These topics are explained and discussed from both an experimental and a theoretical perspective. Functional organic and inorganic materials are at the center of most technological breakthroughs. Therefore, the understanding of material properties is fundamental to the development of novel functionalities and applications.

Energy Storage Systems Beyond Li-Ion Intercalation Chemistry

Energy Storage Systems Beyond Li-Ion Intercalation Chemistry
A Book

by Kai Zhu,Zhumabay Bakenov,Jian Liu,Hossein Yadegari

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2021-05-28
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 2889668193
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Carbonaceous Composite Materials

Carbonaceous Composite Materials
A Book

by Gaurav Sharma,Amit Kumar

  • Publisher : Materials Research Forum LLC
  • Release : 2018-12-05
  • Pages : 342
  • ISBN : 1945291966
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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All you need to know on current progress in the development, design and utilization of carbonaceous materials in such diverse areas as electronics, medical implants, drug delivery, clean energy, biofuel and pollution control. Emphasis is placed on “engineered carbons” which include fullerenes, graphene, carbon foam, nanotubes, graphene oxide, carbon aerogels, carbon matrix composites, reinforced polymers and many others. For example, ceramic composites and polymer composites with a carbon matrix represent advanced building materials and are important for moisture resistant walls and paints. Carbon nanotubes, conducting polymers and graphene based materials play a great role in energy storage in form of electrodes for batteries and supercapacitors. Carbon based materials are both used as sources as well as catalysts for bio-fuel production. Biochar can be utilized for soil enrichment and greenhouse gas sequestration and climate control applications. Graphene is extensively used in electronics and bio-medical applications. Graphene oxide, reduced graphene oxide and graphitic carbon nitride are used as photocatalysts for hydrogen production and contaminants degradation.

Nanobatteries and Nanogenerators

Nanobatteries and Nanogenerators
Materials, Technologies and Applications

by Huaihe Song,Rajendran Venkatachalam,Tuan Anh Nguyen,Hao Bin Wu,Phuong Nguyen Tri

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-11-21
  • Pages : 682
  • ISBN : 0128215496
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The term ‘nanobattery’ can refer not only to the nanosized battery, but also to the uses of nanotechnology in a macro-sized battery for enhancing its performance and lifetime. Nanobatteries can offer many advantages over the traditional battery, including higher power density, shorter charging time, and longer shelf life. Nano-generators refer to the uses of nanosized devices and materials to convert mechanical, thermal and light-based energies into electricity. Similar to with traditional battery, in nanobatteries, the chemical energy is converted into electricity. This book addresses the fundamental design concepts and promising applications of nanobatteries and nanogenerators. Particular application areas include healthcare, biomedical, smart nanodevices and nanosensors, which may require new electric power sources, including self-powered ability and nanostructured electric power sources. In this regard, nanobatteries and nanogenerators represent the next generation of electric power. This is an important reference source for materials scientists, engineers and energy scientists, who are looking to increase their understanding of how nanotechnology is being used to create new energy storage and generation solutions. Outlines the major design and fabrication principles and techniques for creating nano-sized batteries and generators Demonstrates how nanotechnology is being used to make batteries and generators more powerful and longer lasting Assesses the challenges of mass manufacturing nanobatteries and nanogenerators

Advanced Materials for Printed Flexible Electronics

Advanced Materials for Printed Flexible Electronics
A Book

by Colin Tong

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 3030798046
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Hydrogen Production and Energy Transition

Hydrogen Production and Energy Transition
A Book

by Marcel Van de Voorde

  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Release : 2021-09-06
  • Pages : 582
  • ISBN : 3110594056
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Carbon neutral hydrogen technologies play a key role in preventing climate change. Maximizing production of hydrogen in a clean and efficient manner is critical to the hydrogen economy. This book describes most of the potential hydrogen processing technologies and presents the state-of the- art and future developments of modern hydrogen technologies. Attention has been given to the theoretical aspects, thermodynamics, process calculations, and modeling approaches, new technologies and reports of multiple successful new pilot systems. The book should appeal to a brad readership and ideal for students of materials science, chemistry, physics; for researchers, chemical- and mechanical engineering, for industrialists, policymakers, economics, safety agencies and governments.

Innovations in Engineered Porous Materials for Energy Generation and Storage Applications

Innovations in Engineered Porous Materials for Energy Generation and Storage Applications
A Book

by Ranjusha Rajagopalan,Avinash Balakrishnan

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-04-27
  • Pages : 392
  • ISBN : 1351731041
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Making innovative products for energy generation that decrease carbon footprints are the need of the hour. This book describes innovations in porous materials for energy generation and storage applications that can have applications in developed as well as developing countries. It provides a comprehensive account of porous materials for potential new applications, such as catalysts for gas storage and energy efficient transformations, which engineers and scientists working in the areas of solar cells, batteries, supercapacitors, fuel cells, etc. will find to be of immense interest.