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Nanostructures

Nanostructures
Synthesis, Functional Properties and Applications

by Thomas Tsakalakos,Ilʹi︠a︡ Anatolʹevich Ovidʹko,Ilya A. Ovid'ko,Asuri K. Vasudevan

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2003-12-31
  • Pages : 694
  • ISBN : 9781402017537
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The essence of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology is the ability tofabricate and engineer materials, structures and systems where themanipulation of the properties and functionalities is a result of thecontrol of the material's building blocks whose dimension is in thenanometer regime. This book presents an in-depth description ofnanostructures and the many ways that they can be advantageouslyengineered by the controlled assembly of suitable nano-objects asbuilding blocks. Nanotechnology is here considered as an enablingtechnology by which existing materials, virtually all man-made, canacquire novel properties and functionalities, making them suitable fornovel applications varying from structural and functional to advancedbiomedical in-vivo and in-vitro uses.The book emphasizes the development of useful implementations andapplications of nanotechnology. One key issue addressed is how toaccess, from the macroscopic world, the extremely high informationdensity of nanostructured systems. One way to do this is by usingbio-inspiration - techniques where we apply lessons learned fromliving systems to design new materials with localized feedbackmechanisms. Specifically, the book evaluates the most advanced andinnovative syntheses of nanostructures, the most novel properties andfunctionalities and the most potential applications as components ofadvanced technological systems and as materials tailored for a greatvariety of special needs.

Nanostructures and Nanomaterials

Nanostructures and Nanomaterials
Synthesis, Properties, and Applications

by Guozhong Cao,Ying Wang

  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release : 2011
  • Pages : 581
  • ISBN : 9814324558
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This text focuses on the synthesis, properties and applications of nanostructures and nanomaterials, particularly inorganic nanomaterials. It provides coverage of the fundamentals and processing techniques with regard to synthesis, properties, characterization and applications of nanostructures and nanomaterials.

Nanostructures and Nanomaterials

Nanostructures and Nanomaterials
Synthesis, Properties, and Applications

by Guozhong Cao,Ying Wang

  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release : 2011
  • Pages : 581
  • ISBN : 9814322504
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This text focuses on the synthesis, properties and applications of nanostructures and nanomaterials, particularly inorganic nanomaterials. It provides coverage of the fundamentals and processing techniques with regard to synthesis, properties, characterization and applications of nanostructures and nanomaterials.

Raman Spectroscopy and its Application in Nanostructures

Raman Spectroscopy and its Application in Nanostructures
A Book

by Shu-Lin Zhang

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2012-01-24
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 1119966787
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Raman Spectroscopy and its Application in Nanostructures is an original and timely contribution to a very active area of physics and materials science research. This book presents the theoretical and experimental phenomena of Raman spectroscopy, with specialized discussions on the physical fundamentals, new developments and main features in low-dimensional systems of Raman spectroscopy. In recent years physicists, materials scientists and chemists have devoted increasing attention to low-dimensional systems and as Raman spectroscopy can be used to study and analyse such materials as carbon nanotubes, quantum wells, silicon nanowires, etc., it is fast becoming one of the most powerful and sensitive experimental techniques to characterize the qualities of such nanostructures. Recent scientific and technological developments have resulted in the applications of Raman spectroscopy to expand. These developments are vital in providing information for a very broad field of applications: for example in microelectronics, biology, forensics and archaeology. Thus, this book not only introduces these important new branches of Raman spectroscopy from both a theoretical and practical view point, but the resulting effects are fully explored and relevant representative models of Raman spectra are described in-depth with the inclusion of theoretical calculations, when appropriate.

Bimetallic Nanostructures

Bimetallic Nanostructures
Shape-Controlled Synthesis for Catalysis, Plasmonics, and Sensing Applications

by Ya-Wen Zhang

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2018-05-14
  • Pages : 528
  • ISBN : 1119214637
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Systematically summarizes the current status and recent advances in bimetallic structures, their shape-controlled synthesis, properties, and applications Intensive researches are currently being carried out on bimetallic nanostructures, focusing on a number of fundamental, physical, and chemical questions regarding their synthesis and properties. This book presents a systematic and comprehensive summary of the current status and recent advances in this field, supporting readers in the synthesis of model bimetallic nanoparticles, and the exploration and interpretation of their properties. Bimetallic Nanostructures: Shape-Controlled Synthesis for Catalysis, Plasmonics and Sensing Applications is divided into three parts. Part 1 introduces basic chemical and physical knowledge of bimetallic structures, including fundamentals, computational models, and in situ characterization techniques. Part 2 summarizes recent developments in synthetic methods, characterization, and properties of bimetallic structures from the perspective of morphology effect, including zero-dimensional nanomaterials, one-dimensional nanomaterials, and two-dimensional nanomaterials. Part 3 discusses applications in electrocatalysis, heterogeneous catalysis, plasmonics and sensing. Comprehensive reference for an important multidisciplinary research field Thoroughly summarizes the present state and latest developments in bimetallic structures Helps researchers find optimal synthetic methods and explore new phenomena in surface science and synthetic chemistry of bimetallic nanostructures Bimetallic Nanostructures: Shape-Controlled Synthesis for Catalysis, Plasmonics and Sensing Applications is an excellent source or reference for researchers and advanced students. Academic researchers in nanoscience, nanocatalysis, and surface plasmonics, and those working in industry in areas involving nanotechnology, catalysis and optoelectronics, will find this book of interest.

1-Dimensional Metal Oxide Nanostructures

1-Dimensional Metal Oxide Nanostructures
Growth, Properties, and Devices

by Zainovia Lockman

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-12-14
  • Pages : 331
  • ISBN : 1351266705
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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1-D metal oxide nanostructures, especially those with semiconducting properties, have attracted much attention in recent years due to their potential and emerging applications, specifically in environment purification and energy devices. For these applications, there have been many efforts to grow 1-D nanostructures in the form of nanotubes, nanorods, and nanowires using processes that conserve energy, are cost effective, and can be scaled up for large scale production. 1-Dimensional Metal Oxide Nanostructures gathers under one title the most recent development of oxide nanomaterials especially those fabricated via oxidation process in the nanoscale field. Thermal and anodic oxidation processes are reviewed with an aim to offer an in-depth understanding of mechanisms of 1-D nanostructure formation, their characteristics, and limitations. Other more common methods are also discussed including sol-gel, hydrothermal, and other templated methods. Important applications of 1-D nanostructures are then presented focusing on oxides like zinc oxide, titanium oxide, zirconium oxide, copper oxide and iron oxide. A chapter on carbon nanotubes hybrid with these oxides is also included as well as on silicon oxide nanowires formation by local anodic oxidation process. Aimed at researchers, academics, and engineers working across the fields of nanotechnology, materials science, chemistry, physics, semiconductors, and environmental and biomedical engineering, this essential reference enables readers to grasp the main concepts of nanomaterials in 1-D: formation technique, characteristics, and uses. It also encourages practical innovations in nanotechnology especially in curbing pressing global issues related to energy, environment, and security.

Polymer-Engineered Nanostructures for Advanced Energy Applications

Polymer-Engineered Nanostructures for Advanced Energy Applications
A Book

by Zhiqun Lin,Yingkui Yang,Aiqing Zhang

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-06-16
  • Pages : 701
  • ISBN : 331957003X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides a comprehensive overview of engineering nanostructures mediated by functional polymers in combination with optimal synthesis and processing techniques. The focus is on polymer-engineered nanostructures for advanced energy applications. It discusses a variety of polymers that function as precursors, templates, nano-reactors, surfactants, stabilizers, modifiers, dopants, and spacers for directing self-assembly, assisting organization, and templating growth of numerous diverse nanostructures. It also presents a wide range of polymer processing techniques that enable the efficient design and optimal fabrication of nanostructured polymers, inorganics, and organic–inorganic nanocomposites using in-situ hybridization and/or ex-situ recombination methodologies. Combining state-of-the-art knowledge from polymer-guided fabrication of advanced nanostructures and their unique properties, it especially highlights the new, cutting-edge breakthroughs, future horizons, and insights into such nanostructured materials in applications such as photovoltaics, fuel cells, thermoelectrics, piezoelectrics, ferroelectrics, batteries, supercapacitors, photocatalysis, and hydrogen generation and storage. It offers an instructive and approachable guide to polymer-engineered nanostructures for further development of advanced energy materials to meet ever-increasing global energy demands. Interdisciplinary and broad perspectives from internationally respected contributors ensure this book serves as a valuable reference source for scientists, students, and engineers working in polymer science, renewable energy materials, materials engineering, chemistry, physics, surface/interface science, and nanotechnology. It is also suitable as a textbook for universities, institutes, and industrial institutions.

Nanostructures, Nanomaterials, and Nanotechnologies to Nanoindustry

Nanostructures, Nanomaterials, and Nanotechnologies to Nanoindustry
A Book

by Vladimir I. Kodolov,Gennady Efremovich Zaikov,A. K. Haghi

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2016-04-19
  • Pages : 434
  • ISBN : 1482231581
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanosturctures, Nanomaterials, and Nanotechnologies to Nanoindustry presents the most important information about new trends in nanochemistry and nanotechnology as well as in nanobiology and nanomedicine. It covers the obtaining and manufacturing of nanostructures, nanomaterial science, investigation of nanostructures and nanomaterials, development of prognostication apparatus when obtaining and investigating nanoproducts, as well as the application of nanoproducts and nanotechnologies in different areas. The book discusses mastering nanotechnologies and semi-industrial and industrial production of nanocomposites and nanomaterials, and provides a practical introduction of nanomaterials and nanotechnologies into different areas, including medicine and agriculture. The contributors include representatives of industrial enterprises and research institutions. The book will be useful for researchers, professors/instructors (for teaching specific courses), students and postgraduates and also for personal re-qualification and for university/college libraries.

Silicon Carbide One-dimensional Nanostructures

Silicon Carbide One-dimensional Nanostructures
A Book

by Laurence Latu-Romain,Maelig Ollivier

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2015-02-23
  • Pages : 148
  • ISBN : 1119081521
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Dedicated to SiC-based 1D nanostructures, this book explains the properties and different growth methods of these nanostructures. It details carburization of silicon nanowires, a growth process for obtaining original Si-SiC core-shell nanowires and SiC nanotubes of high crystalline quality, thanks to the control of the siliconout-diffusion. The potential applications of these particular nano-objects is also discussed, with regards to their eventual integration in biology, energy and electronics.

Nanostructures and Quantum Effects

Nanostructures and Quantum Effects
Proceedings of the JRDC International Symposium, Tsukuba, Japan, November 17–18, 1993

by H. Sakaki,H. Noge

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 356
  • ISBN : 3642792324
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanostructures and Quantum Effects documents the most recent developments in the field of quantum effects in semiconductor nanostructures such as quantum wires and boxes. Interrelated topics such as quantum interference, low-dimensional electron transport, single-electron and microcavity effects, electron holography, and quantum measurements together with the most recent progress in epitaxial growth of nanostructures and the manipulation of atoms using STM-related approaches are covered.

Physics, Chemistry and Application of Nanostructures

Physics, Chemistry and Application of Nanostructures
Reviews and Short Notes to Nanomeeting 2007, Minsk, Belarus, May 22-25, 2007

by V. E. Borisenko,V. S. Gurin,Sergey V. Gaponenko

  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 607
  • ISBN : 981277095X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This proceedings volume presents invited reviews and original short notes of recent results obtained in studies concerning the fabrication and application of nanostructures, which hold great promise for the new generation of electronic and optoelectronic devices. Governing exciting and relatively new topics such as fast-progressing nanoelectronics and optoelectronics, molecular electronics and spintronics, as well as nanotechnology and quantum processing of information, this book gives readers a more complete understanding of the practical uses of nanotechnology and nanostructures.

Metal Nanostructures for Photonics

Metal Nanostructures for Photonics
A Book

by Luciana Reyes Pires Kassab,Cid Bartolomeu De Araujo

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2018-08-21
  • Pages : 346
  • ISBN : 0081023790
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Metal Nanostructures for Photonics presents updates on the development of materials with enhanced optical properties and the demand for novel metal-dielectric nanocomposites and nanostructured materials. The book covers various aspects of metal-dielectric nanocomposites and metallic-nanostructures and illustrates techniques used to prepare and characterize materials and their physical properties. It focuses on three main sections, nanocomposites with enhanced luminescence properties due to contributions of metal nanoparticles hosted in photonic glasses, near and far-field optical phenomena, and the optical response of single nanoparticles that reveal quantum phenomena in the nanoscale, amongst other topics. This book will serve as an important research reference for materials scientists who want to learn more on how a range of metallic nanostructured materials are used in photonics. Sets out the properties of a range of metal-dielectric nanostructures and nanocomposites, along with the use cases for each in photonics Discusses the pros and cons of using different metallic nanostructures for different photonic applications Includes case studies that illustrate how metallic nanostructures have successfully been applied in photonics

Two-Dimensional Nanostructures for Energy-Related Applications

Two-Dimensional Nanostructures for Energy-Related Applications
A Book

by Kuan Yew Cheong

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2017-03-27
  • Pages : 412
  • ISBN : 1315352850
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This edited book focuses on the latest advances and development of utilizing two-dimensional nanostructures for energy and its related applications. Traditionally, the geometry of this material refers to "thin film" or "coating." The book covers three main parts, beginning with synthesis, processing, and property of two-dimensional nanostructures for active and passive layers followed by topics on characterization of the materials. It concludes with topics relating to utilization of the materials for usage in devises for energy and its related applications.

Nanostructures in Ferroelectric Films for Energy Applications

Nanostructures in Ferroelectric Films for Energy Applications
Domains, Grains, Interfaces and the Engineering Methods

by Jun Ouyang

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-07-15
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN : 0128138564
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanostructures in Ferroelectric Films for Energy Applications: Grains, Domains, Interfaces and the Engineering Methods presents methods of engineering nanostructures in ferroelectric films to improve their performance in energy harvesting and conversion and storage. Ferroelectric films, which have broad applications, including the emerging energy technology, usually consist of nanoscale inhomogeneities. For polycrystalline films, the size and distribution of nano-grains determines the macroscopic properties, especially the field-induced polarization response. For epitaxial films, the energy of internal long-range electric and elastic fields during their growth are minimized by formation of self-assembled nano-domains. This book is an accessible reference for both instructors in academia and R&D professionals. Provides the necessary components for the systematic study of the structure-property relationship in ferroelectric thin film materials using case studies in energy applications Written by leading experts in the research areas of piezoelectrics, electrocalorics, ferroelectric dielectrics (especially in capacitive energy storage), ferroelectric domains, and ferroelectric-Si technology Includes a well balanced mix of theoretical design and simulation, materials processing and integration, and dedicated characterization methods of the involved nanostructures

Physics, Chemistry, and Application of Nanostructures

Physics, Chemistry, and Application of Nanostructures
Reviews and Short Notes to Nanomeeting 2003 : Minsk, Belarus, 20-23 May 2003

by Sergey V. Gaponenko,V. S. Gurin

  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release : 2003
  • Pages : 574
  • ISBN : 9812383816
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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PhD students, academics, researchers and industrialists in nanotechnology.

Nanocomposites, Nanostructures, and Their Applications

Nanocomposites, Nanostructures, and Their Applications
Selected Proceedings of the 6th International Conference Nanotechnology and Nanomaterials (NANO2018), August 27-30, 2018, Kyiv, Ukraine

by Olena Fesenko,Leonid Yatsenko

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-08-02
  • Pages : 610
  • ISBN : 3030177599
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book highlights some of the latest advances in nanotechnology and nanomaterials from leading researchers in Ukraine, Europe, and beyond. It features contributions from participants in the 6th International Science and Practice Conference Nanotechnology and Nanomaterials (NANO2018) in Kiev, Ukraine on August 27-30, 2018 organized by the Institute of Physics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, University of Tartu (Estonia), University of Turin (Italy), and Pierre and Marie Curie University (France). Internationally recognized experts from a wide range of universities and research institutions share their knowledge and key results on material properties, behavior, and synthesis. This book's companion volume also addresses topics such as nanooptics, energy storage, and biomedical applications.

Protein-based Engineered Nanostructures

Protein-based Engineered Nanostructures
A Book

by Aitziber L. Cortajarena,Tijana Z. Grove

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-09-27
  • Pages : 286
  • ISBN : 3319391968
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is devoted to the engineering of protein-based nanostructures and nanomaterials. One key challenge in nanobiotechnology is to be able to exploit the natural repertoire of protein structures and functions to build materials with defined properties at the nanoscale using “bottom-up” strategies. This book addresses in an integrated manner all the critical aspects that need to be understood and considered to design the next generation of nano-bio assemblies. The book covers first the fundamentals of the design and features of the protein building blocks and their self-assembly illustrating some of the most relevant examples of nanostructural design. Finally, the book contains a section dedicated to demonstrated applications of these novel bioinspired nanostructures in different fields from hybrid nanomaterials to regenerative medicine. This book provides a comprehensive updated review of this rapidly evolving field.

Semiconductor Nanostructures

Semiconductor Nanostructures
A Book

by Dieter Bimberg

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2008-06-03
  • Pages : 357
  • ISBN : 3540778993
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Reducing the size of a coherently grown semiconductor cluster in all three directions of space to a value below the de Broglie wavelength of a charge carrier leads to complete quantization of the energy levels, density of states, etc. Such “quantum dots” are more similar to giant atoms in a dielectric cage than to classical solids or semiconductors showing a dispersion of energy as a function of wavevector. Their electronic and optical properties depend strongly on their size and shape, i.e. on their geometry. By designing the geometry by controlling the growth of QDs, absolutely novel possibilities for material design leading to novel devices are opened. This multiauthor book written by world-wide recognized leaders of their particular fields and edited by the recipient of the Max-Born Award and Medal 2006 Professor Dieter Bimberg reports on the state of the art of the growing of quantum dots, the theory of self-organised growth, the theory of electronic and excitonic states, optical properties and transport in a variety of materials. It covers the subject from the early work beginning of the 1990s up to 2006. The topics addressed in the book are the focus of research in all leading semiconductor and optoelectronic device laboratories of the world.

Ordered Porous Nanostructures and Applications

Ordered Porous Nanostructures and Applications
A Book

by Ralf B. Wehrspohn

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2006-06-14
  • Pages : 207
  • ISBN : 0387251936
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Reviews the most interesting materials on the market concerning self-ordering, including macroporous silicon, porous alumina, MCM41 and photonic bandgap.

Design of Nanostructures

Design of Nanostructures
Self-Assembly of Nanomaterials

by Himadri B. Bohidar,Kamla Rawat

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2017-10-23
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN : 3527343334
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Adopting a unique approach, this book provides a thorough, one-stop introduction to nanoscience and self-assembly of nanomaterials composed of such materials as metals, metal oxides, metal sulphides, polymers, and biopolymers. Clearly divided into three sections covering the main aspects of nanoscience, the first part deals with the basic principles of nanoscale science. Alongside essential approaches and forces, this section also covers thermodynamics, phase transitions, and applications to biological systems. The second and third parts then go on to provide a detailed description of the synthesis of inorganic and organic nanoparticles, respectively. With its interdisciplinary content of importance to many different branches of nanoscience, this is essential reading for material scientists, physicists, biophysical chemists, chemical engineers, and biotechnologists alike.