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Nanotechnology in Civil Infrastructure

Nanotechnology in Civil Infrastructure
A Paradigm Shift

by Kasthurirangan Gopalakrishnan,Bjorn Birgisson,Peter Taylor,Nii O. Attoh-Okine

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2011-03-31
  • Pages : 273
  • ISBN : 9783642166570
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanotechnology in Civil Infrastructure is a state-of-the art reference source describing the latest developments in nano-engineering and nano-modification of construction materials to improve the bulk properties, development of sustainable, intelligent, and smart concrete materials through the integration of nanotechnology based self-sensing and self-powered materials and cyber infrastructure technologies, review of nanotechnology applications in pavement engineering, development of novel, cost-effective, high-performance and long-lasting concrete products and processes through nanotechnology-based innovative processing of cement and cement paste, and advanced nanoscience modeling, visualization, and measurement systems for characterizing and testing civil infrastructure materials at the nano-scale. Researchers, practitioners, undergraduate and graduate students engaged in nanotechnology related research will find this book very useful.

Nanotechnology in Civil Infrastructure

Nanotechnology in Civil Infrastructure
A Paradigm Shift

by Kasthurirangan Gopalakrishnan,Bjorn Birgisson,Peter Taylor,Nii O. Attoh-Okine

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2011-04-05
  • Pages : 273
  • ISBN : 9783642166563
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanotechnology in Civil Infrastructure is a state-of-the art reference source describing the latest developments in nano-engineering and nano-modification of construction materials to improve the bulk properties, development of sustainable, intelligent, and smart concrete materials through the integration of nanotechnology based self-sensing and self-powered materials and cyber infrastructure technologies, review of nanotechnology applications in pavement engineering, development of novel, cost-effective, high-performance and long-lasting concrete products and processes through nanotechnology-based innovative processing of cement and cement paste, and advanced nanoscience modeling, visualization, and measurement systems for characterizing and testing civil infrastructure materials at the nano-scale. Researchers, practitioners, undergraduate and graduate students engaged in nanotechnology related research will find this book very useful.

Encyclopaedia of Nanotechnology in Civil Infrastructure

Encyclopaedia of Nanotechnology in Civil Infrastructure
A Paradigm Shift

by Y. L. Mo,Atsushi Yona,Metin Açikyildiz,Hwa Seng Khoo

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2015
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9781781547045
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advanced Research on Nanotechnology for Civil Engineering Applications

Advanced Research on Nanotechnology for Civil Engineering Applications
A Book

by Khitab, Anwar

  • Publisher : IGI Global
  • Release : 2016-05-16
  • Pages : 339
  • ISBN : 1522503455
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A recent initiative within the civil engineering field is the use of nanotechnology and materials within the construction industry. While there has been great success in the adoption of various nanomaterials, there is still room for development and improvement. Advanced Research on Nanotechnology for Civil Engineering Applications highlights emergent research and theoretical concepts in the implementation of nanotechnology within the construction, geotechnical, and transportation engineering fields. Examining the application of nanomaterials, current trends within the topic area, and the potential health impacts of material usage on the environment, this book is a pivotal reference for professionals, engineers, students, and researchers.

Nanotechnology in Eco-efficient Construction

Nanotechnology in Eco-efficient Construction
Materials, Processes and Applications

by Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Maria Vittoria Diamanti,Ali Nazari,Claes Goran-Granqvist,Alina Pruna,Serji Amirkhanian

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2018-11-22
  • Pages : 896
  • ISBN : 0081026420
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Covering the latest technologies, Nanotechnology in eco-efficient construction provides an authoritative guide to the role of nanotechnology in the development of eco-efficient construction materials and sustainable construction. The book contains a special focus on applications concerning concrete and cement, as nanotechnology is driving significant development in concrete technologies. The new edition has 14 new chapters, including 3 new parts: Mortars and concrete related applications; Applications for pavements and other structural materials; and Toxicity, safety handling and environmental impacts. Civil engineers requiring an understanding of eco-efficient construction materials, as well as researchers and architects within any field of nanotechnology, eco-efficient materials or the construction industry will find this updated reference to be highly valuable. Addresses issues such as toxicity and LCA aspects New chapters covering safety handling on occupational exposure of nanoparticles and the assessment of personal exposure to airborne nanomaterials Discusses the effects of adding nano-particles on the durability and on the properties of geopolymers

The Nanotechnology Revolution

The Nanotechnology Revolution
A Global Bibliographic Perspective

by Dale A. Stirling

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-01-17
  • Pages : 420
  • ISBN : 1351617230
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanotechnology is changing the world in a very big way, but at the atomic and sub-atomic level. Although the roots of nanotechnology can be traced back to more than a century ago, the last three decades have witnessed an explosion of nano-based technologies and products. This reference work examines the history, current status, and future directions of nanotechnology through an exhaustive search of the technical and scientific literature. The more than 4000 bibliographic citations it includes are carefully organized into core subject areas, and a geographic and subject index allows readers to quickly locate documents of interest. Although a sense of the global reach and interest in nanotechnology can be gleaned from the reference sections of countless journal articles, conference papers, and books, this is the only reference work providing an in-depth global perspective that is ready-made for nanotechnology professionals and those interested in learning more about all things nanotechnology. Despite the abundance of online resources, there is still an urgent need for well-researched, well-presented, concise, and thematically organized reference works. Instead of relying on wiki pages, citation aggregators, and related websites, the author searched the databases and databanks of scholarly literature search providers such as EBSCO, ProQuest, PUBMED, STN International, and Thomson Reuters. In addition, he used select serials-related databases to account for pertinent documents from countries in which English is not the primary national language (i.e., China Online Journals, e-periodica, J-STAGE, and SciELO Brazil among others).

Nanotechnology in Cement-Based Construction

Nanotechnology in Cement-Based Construction
A Book

by Annibale Luigi Materazzi,Filippo Ubertini,Antonella D'Alessandro

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2020-03-23
  • Pages : 408
  • ISBN : 1000586901
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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New smart materials are developing thanks to nanotechnology. Many books are on the market, but the demand for specialized analyses of particular topics still remains. This multiauthor book focuses on the application of nanotechnology to cement-based materials for engineering applications. The addition of novel smart nanofillers allows the development of multifunctional composite materials and not just with respect to higher mechanical strength, as investigated in the past. Special attention is given to types of nanoinclusions, novel techniques to mix components, and analysis of properties that can be achieved by paste, mortar, or concrete if they are added with nanofillers. Among these properties, the capability of self-sensing is very promising. Moreover, the use of phase-changing materials improves energy efficiency of nanocomposites, with important applications in the field of engineering, and new nanomodified composites have applications in energy harvesting and electromagnetic shielding.

Materials for Construction and Civil Engineering

Materials for Construction and Civil Engineering
Science, Processing, and Design

by M. Clara Gonçalves,Fernanda Margarido

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-03-03
  • Pages : 902
  • ISBN : 3319082361
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This expansive volume presents the essential topics related to construction materials composition and their practical application in structures and civil installations. The book's diverse slate of expert authors assemble invaluable case examples and performance data on the most important groups of materials used in construction, highlighting aspects such as nomenclature, the properties, the manufacturing processes, the selection criteria, the products/applications, the life cycle and recyclability, and the normalization. Civil Engineering Materials: Science, Processing, and Design is ideal for practicing architects; civil, construction, and structural engineers, and serves as a comprehensive reference for students of these disciplines. This book also: · Provides a substantial and detailed overview of traditional materials used in structures and civil infrastructure · Discusses properties of natural and synthetic materials in construction and materials' manufacturing processes · Addresses topics important to professionals working with structural materials, such as corrosion, nanomaterials, materials life cycle, not often covered outside of journal literature · Diverse author team presents expect perspective from civil engineering, construction, and architecture · Features a detailed glossary of terms and over 400 illustrations

Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology for Composites

Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology for Composites
Design, Simulation and Applications

by A. K. Haghi,Sabu Thomas,Ali Pourhashemi,Abbas Hamrang,Ewa Klodzinska

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2015-05-15
  • Pages : 450
  • ISBN : 1482263874
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Engineered nanopolymer and nanoparticles, with their extraordinary mechanical and unique electronic properties, have garnered much attention in recent years. With a broad range of potential applications, including nanoelectronics, composites, chemical sensors, biosensors, microscopy, nanoelectromechanical systems, and many more, the scientific community is more motivated than ever to move beyond basic properties and explore the real issues associated with carbon nanotube-based applications. Engineered nanopolymer and nanoparticles are exceptionally interesting from a fundamental research point of view. They open up new perspectives for various applications, such as nano-transistors in circuits, field-emission displays, artificial muscles, or added reinforcements in alloys. This informative book is an introduction to the physical concepts needed for investigating carbon nanotubes and other one-dimensional solid-state systems. Written for a wide scientific readership, each chapter consists of an instructive approach to the topic and sustainable ideas for solutions. This new book presents leading-edge research in this dynamic field. It reviews the recent progress in application of engineered nanopolymer and nanoparticles and their composites. The advantages and disadvantages of different methods are discussed. The ability of continuum methods to bridge different scales is emphasized. Recommendations for future research are given by focusing on what each method has to learn from the nano-scale. The scope of the book is to provide current knowledge to support researchers entering the scientific area of carbon nanotubes and help them choose the appropriate modeling tool for accomplishing their study and where to place their efforts to further improve continuum methods.

Pavement Asset Management

Pavement Asset Management
A Book

by Ralph Haas,W. Ronald Hudson

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2015-04-30
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN : 1119038839
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Comprehensive and practical, Pavement Asset Management provides an essential resource for educators, students and those in public agencies and consultancies who are directly responsible for managing road and airport pavements. The book is comprehensive in the integration of activities that go into having safe and cost-effective pavements using the best technologies and management processes available. This is accomplished in seven major parts, and 42 component chapters, ranging from the evolution of pavement management to date requirements to determining needs and priority programming of rehabilitation and maintenance, followed by structural design and economic analysis, implementation of pavement management systems, basic features of working systems and finally by a part on looking ahead. The most current methodologies and practical applications of managing pavements are described in this one-of-a-kind book. Real world up-to-date examples are provided, as well as an extensive list of references for each part.

Innovative Developments of Advanced Multifunctional Nanocomposites in Civil and Structural Engineering

Innovative Developments of Advanced Multifunctional Nanocomposites in Civil and Structural Engineering
A Book

by Kenneth Loh,Satish Nagarajaiah

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2016-02-03
  • Pages : 404
  • ISBN : 1782423443
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Innovative Developments of Advanced Multifunctional Nanocomposites in Civil and Structural Engineering focuses on nanotechnology, the innovation and control of materials at 100 nm or smaller length scales, and how they have revolutionized almost all of the various disciplines of science and engineering study. In particular, advances in synthesizing, imaging, and manipulating materials at the nano-scale have provided engineers with a broader array of materials and tools for creating high-performance devices. Nanomaterials possess drastically different properties than those of their bulk counterparts mainly because of their high surface-to-mass ratios and high surface energies/reactivity. For instance, carbon nanotubes have been shown to possess impressive mechanical strength, stiffness, and electrical conductivity superior to that of bulk carbon. Whilst nanotechnology has become deeply rooted in electrical, chemical, and materials engineering disciplines, its proliferation into civil engineering did not begin until fairly recently. This book covers that proliferation and the main challenges associated with the integration of nanomaterials and nano-scale design principles into civil and structural engineering. Examines nanotechnology and its application to not only structural engineering, but also transportation, new infrastructure materials, and the applications of nanotechnology to existing structural systems Focuses on how nanomaterials can provide enhanced sensing capabilities and mechanical reinforcement of the original structural material Analyzes experimental and computational work carried out by world-renowned researchers

Nanotechnology in Construction

Nanotechnology in Construction
A Book

by Peter J M Bartos,John J Hughes,Pavel Trtik,Wenzhong Zhu

  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release : 2007-10-31
  • Pages : 412
  • ISBN : 1847551521
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The importance of nanotechnology related research and development has become recognised worldwide. Substantial public and private investment is now being ploughed into research and development in a number of industrial sectors, where nanotechnology has become established and has led to new commercial products. The construction industry, having major economic significance with nano-scale research and development which is only emerging, offers a wide scope for exploitation of nanotechnology. With international contributions from experts in the field, Nanotechnology in Construction amalgamates previously fragmented research and emerging trends. It reflects the inherent multi-disciplinary nature of nano-scale research in construction and contributions cover a wide spectrum, from highly scientific investigations to futuristic applications. The book is organised into four broad sections, the first reviews and analyses the prospects of exploitation of nanotechnology in construction, the second discusses novel tools and their capabilities, the final two sections show existing significant products where nanotechnology has been already been exploited or where product development is under-way. Nanotechnology in Construction will appeal to researchers already working in this field as well as those wishing to enter it. It will also inform governmental and other funding agencies of the most promising future directions and their related timescales. Practical applications are considered and explanations of the underlying basics are given, raising awareness and understanding of what nanotechnology can offer to construction professionals in general.

Nano-Engineered Cementitious Composites

Nano-Engineered Cementitious Composites
Principles and Practices

by Baoguo Han,Siqi Ding,Jialiang Wang,Jinping Ou

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-04-10
  • Pages : 731
  • ISBN : 9811370788
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book focuses on civil engineering materials and nanotechnology. Highlighting recent advances in the field of nano-engineered cementitious composites, it discusses their key principles, design and fabrication, testing and characterization, performance and mechanisms, as well as applications. Future developments and remaining challenges are also outlined. Nano-engineered cementitious composites are exceptionally strong, durable and offer multifunctional/smart performance that differs considerably from that of normal cementitious composites. Providing valuable insights into these composites’ future development, the book offers an essential source of information, inspiration, theory and practical guidance for developing sustainable cementitious composites. As such, it will benefit researchers, scientists and engineers in the fields of civil engineering materials and nanotechnology alike.

Smart and Multifunctional Concrete Toward Sustainable Infrastructures

Smart and Multifunctional Concrete Toward Sustainable Infrastructures
A Book

by Baoguo Han,Liqing Zhang,Jinping Ou

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-06-12
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 9811043493
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents the latest research advances and findings in the field of smart/multifunctional concretes, focusing on the principles, design and fabrication, test and characterization, performance and mechanism, and their applications in infrastructures. It also discusses future challenges in the development and application of smart/multifunctional concretes, providing useful theory, ideas and principles, as well as insights and practical guidance for developing sustainable infrastructures. It is a valuable resource for researchers, scientists and engineers in the field of civil-engineering materials and infrastructures.

International Seminars on Nuclear War and Planetary Emergencies 46th Session

International Seminars on Nuclear War and Planetary Emergencies 46th Session
The Role of Science in the Third Millennium

by R Ragaini

  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release : 2014-07-07
  • Pages : 540
  • ISBN : 9814623458
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Proceedings of the 46th Session of the International Seminars on Nuclear War and Planetary Emergencies held in Erice, Sicily. This Seminar has again gathered, in 2013, over 100 scientists from 43 countries in an interdisciplinary effort that has been going on for the last 32 years, to examine and analyze planetary problems which had been followed up, all year long, by the World Federation of Scientists' Permanent Monitoring Panels. Contents:Why Science is Needed for the Culture of the Third MillenniumNuclear Power Safety and DevelopmentPollution and WaterClimate and the Limits of GeoengineeringMitigation of Megaterrorism and Hybrid ThreatsPollution Innovative Cleanup TechnologiesInformation Security Round TableEnergy — Key to the Evolution of CitiesEnergy as a Planetary EmergencyAids and Infectious DiseasesPMP Reports and ConclusionsConclusionsSeminar Participants Readership: Scientists in all fields, universities and institutes in all fields of science — politicians and decision makers — ministries of science, interior and security, foreign affairs — international organisations. Key Features:Freely-expressed scientific point of views on the most important contemporary and future emergencies facing humanityKeywords:Improvised Nuclear Devices;Preventing Nuclear Explosive Terrorism;Climate & Climate Economics Global Nuclear Energy Issues Outlook in Japan, China, Europe and USA;Global Food Production;Forest Dynamics;Water, Pollution & Terrorism;Brain Aging & Behavior;Frontiers In Fast Computing & Informatics;Sustainable Nuclear Energy Systems;Economics of Nuclear Power;Energy Sustainability in Cities;Information Security

Soft Computing in Green and Renewable Energy Systems

Soft Computing in Green and Renewable Energy Systems
A Book

by Kasthurirangan Gopalakrishnan,Siddhartha Kumar Khaitan,Soteris Kalogirou

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2011-08-20
  • Pages : 305
  • ISBN : 3642221769
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Soft Computing in Green and Renewable Energy Systems provides a practical introduction to the application of soft computing techniques and hybrid intelligent systems for designing, modeling, characterizing, optimizing, forecasting, and performance prediction of green and renewable energy systems. Research is proceeding at jet speed on renewable energy (energy derived from natural resources such as sunlight, wind, tides, rain, geothermal heat, biomass, hydrogen, etc.) as policy makers, researchers, economists, and world agencies have joined forces in finding alternative sustainable energy solutions to current critical environmental, economic, and social issues. The innovative models, environmentally benign processes, data analytics, etc. employed in renewable energy systems are computationally-intensive, non-linear and complex as well as involve a high degree of uncertainty. Soft computing technologies, such as fuzzy sets and systems, neural science and systems, evolutionary algorithms and genetic programming, and machine learning, are ideal in handling the noise, imprecision, and uncertainty in the data, and yet achieve robust, low-cost solutions. As a result, intelligent and soft computing paradigms are finding increasing applications in the study of renewable energy systems. Researchers, practitioners, undergraduate and graduate students engaged in the study of renewable energy systems will find this book very useful.

Contemporary Nanomaterials in Material Engineering Applications

Contemporary Nanomaterials in Material Engineering Applications
A Book

by Nabisab Mujawar Mubarak,Mohammad Khalid,Rashmi Walvekar,Arshid Numan

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-12-17
  • Pages : 343
  • ISBN : 3030627616
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book covers remarkable contemporary nanomaterials such as carbon nanomaterials, nanoclays, quantum dots, MXene, and metal-organic frameworks. Each chapter discusses the synthesis techniques, characterization methods, properties, and the nanomaterials’ use in different aspects of biomedical, energy, polymers, material construction, biosensors, coatings, and catalysis. Moreover, commercialization challenges and environmental risks of nanomaterials are also covered in depth. The book provides an understanding of the fundamental properties, limitations and challenges in nanomaterials synthesis, serving as a valuable resource for researchers, graduate students, academicians, and consultants working with nanomaterials for engineering applications.

Nanotechnology in Construction

Nanotechnology in Construction
Proceedings of the NICOM3

by Zdenek Bittnar,Peter J. M. Bartos,Jiri Nemecek,V. Smilauer,J. Zeman

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2009-04-21
  • Pages : 437
  • ISBN : 3642009808
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The 3rd International Symposium on Nanotechnology in Construction (NICOM 3) follows the highly successful NICOM 1 (Paisley, UK 2003) and NICOM 2 (Bilbao, Spain 2005) Symposia. The NICOM3 symposium was held in Prague, Czech Republic from May 31 to June 2, 2009 under the auspices of the Czech Technical University in Prague. It was a cross-disciplinary event, bringing together R&D experts and users from different fields all with interest in nanotechnology and construction. The conference was aimed at: Understanding of internal structures of existing construction materials at nano-scale Modification at nano-scale of existing construction materials. Production and properties of nanoparticulate materials, nanotubes and novel polymers. Modeling and simulation of nanostructures. Instrumentation, techniques and metrology at nano-scale. Health and safety issues and environmental impacts related to nanotechnology during research, manufacture and product use. Review of current legislation. Societal and commercial impacts of nanotechnology in construction, their predictions and analysis.

Sustainable Construction and Building Materials

Sustainable Construction and Building Materials
Select Proceedings of ICSCBM 2018

by Bibhuti Bhusan Das,Narayanan Neithalath

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-12-30
  • Pages : 906
  • ISBN : 9811333173
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents select proceedings of the International Conference on Sustainable Construction and Building Materials (ICSCBM 2018), and examines a range of durable, energy-efficient, and next-generation construction and building materials produced from industrial wastes and byproducts. The topics covered include alternative, eco-friendly construction and building materials, next-generation concretes, energy efficiency in construction, and sustainability in construction project management. The book also discusses various properties and performance attributes of modern-age concretes including their durability, workability, and carbon footprint. As such, it offers a valuable reference for beginners, researchers, and professionals interested in sustainable construction and allied fields.

Waste and Supplementary Cementitious Materials in Concrete

Waste and Supplementary Cementitious Materials in Concrete
Characterisation, Properties and Applications

by Rafat Siddique,Paulo Cachim

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2018-06-05
  • Pages : 640
  • ISBN : 0081021577
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Waste and Supplementary Cementitious Materials in Concrete: Characterisation, Properties and Applications provides a state-of-the-art review of the effective and efficient use of these materials in construction. Chapters focus on a specific type of material, addressing their characterization, strength, durability and structural applications. Sections include discussions of the properties of materials, including their physical, chemical and characterization, their strength and durability, modern engineering applications, case studies, the state of codes and standards of implementation, cost considerations, and the role of materials in green and sustainable construction. The book concludes with a discussion of research needs. Focuses on material properties and applications (as well as ‘sustainability’ aspects) of cementitious materials Assembles leading researchers from diverse areas of study Ideas for use as a ‘one stop’ reference for advanced postgraduate courses focusing on sustainable construction materials