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Natural Fiber-Reinforced Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Polymer Composites

Natural Fiber-Reinforced Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Polymer Composites
A Book

by Alan Kin-tak Lau,Ada Pui Yan Hung

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2017-02-28
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN : 0081006691
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Natural Fiber-Reinforced Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Polymer Composites focuses on key areas of fundamental research and applications of biocomposites. Several key elements that affect the usage of these composites in real-life applications are discussed. There will be a comprehensive review on the different kinds of biocomposites at the beginning of the book, then the different types of natural fibers, bio-polymers, and green nanoparticle biocomposites are discussed as well as their potential for future development and use in engineering biomedical and domestic products. Recently mankind has realized that unless the environment is protected, he himself will be threatened by the over consumption of natural resources as well as a substantial reduction in the amount of fresh air produced in the world. Conservation of forests and the optimal utilization of agricultural and other renewable resources like solar, wind, and tidal energy, have become important topics worldwide. With such concern, the use of renewable resources—such as plant and animal-based, fiber-reinforced polymeric composites—are now becoming an important design criterion for designing and manufacturing components for a broad range of different industrial products. Research on biodegradable polymeric composites can contribute, to some extent, to a much greener and safer environment. For example, in the biomedical and bioengineering fields, the use of natural fiber mixed with biodegradable and bioresorbable polymers can produce joint and bone fixtures to alleviate pain in patients. Includes comprehensive information about the sources, properties, and biodegradability of natural fibers Discusses failure mechanisms and modeling of natural fibers composites Analyzes the effectiveness of using natural materials for enhancing mechanical, thermal, and biodegradable properties

Green Composites

Green Composites
A Book

by Sabu Thomas

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9811596433
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Bio-Based Epoxy Polymers, Blends, and Composites

Bio-Based Epoxy Polymers, Blends, and Composites
Synthesis, Properties, Characterization, and Applications

by Jyotishkumar Parameswaranpillai,Sanjay Mavinkere Rangappa,Suchart Siengchin,Seno Jose

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2021-02-08
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 3527346481
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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State-of-the-art overview on bioepoxy polymers as well as their blends and composites -- covering all aspects from fundamentals to applications! Bioepoxy polymers is an emerging area and have attracted more and more attention due to their biodegradability and good thermo-mechanical performance. In recent years, research progress has been made in synthesis, processing, characterization, and applications of bioepoxy blends and composites. Bioepoxy polymers are very promising candidates to replace the traditional thermosetting nonbiodegradable polymers. Bio-Based Epoxy Polymers, Blends and Composites summaries recent research progress on bioepoxy polymers as well as their blends and composites. It covers aspects from synthesis, processing, various characterization techniques to broad spectrum of applications. It provides a correlation of physical properties with macro, micro and nanostructures of the materials. Moreover, research trends, future directions, and opportunities are also discussed. Attracts attention: Bioepoxy polymers are environmentally friendly and considered as a promising candidate to replace the traditional thermosetting nonbiodegradable polymers Highly application-oriented: Bioepoxy polymers can be used in a broad range of applications such as polymer foams, construction, aerospace, automobiles, self-healing systems One-stop reference: Covers all aspects of bioepoxy polymer, their blends and composites, such as synthesis, properties, processing, characterization and applications Broad audience: Attracts attention from both academia and industry

Polymer Composites, Biocomposites

Polymer Composites, Biocomposites
A Book

by Sabu Thomas,Kuruvilla Joseph,S. K. Malhotra,Koichi Goda,M. S. Sreekala

  • Publisher : Wiley-VCH
  • Release : 2013-11-18
  • Pages : 608
  • ISBN : 9783527329809
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Polymer composites are materials in which the matrix polymer is reinforced with organic/inorganic fillers of a definite size and shape, leading to enhanced performance of the resultant composite. These materials find a wide number of applications in such diverse fields as geotextiles, building, electronics, medical, packaging, and automobiles. This first systematic reference on the topic emphasizes the characteristics and dimension of this reinforcement. The authors are leading researchers in the field from academia, government, industry, as well as private research institutions across the globe, and adopt a practical approach here, covering such aspects as the preparation, characterization, properties and theory of polymer composites. The book begins by discussing the state of the art, new challenges, and opportunities of various polymer composite systems. Interfacial characterization of the composites is discussed in detail, as is the macro- and micromechanics of the composites. Structure-property relationships in various composite systems are explained with the help of theoretical models, while processing techniques for various macro- to nanocomposite systems and the influence of processing parameters on the properties of the composite are reviewed in detail. The characterization of microstructure, elastic, viscoelastic, static and dynamic mechanical, thermal, tribological, rheological, optical, electrical and barrier properties are highlighted, as well as their myriad applications. Divided into three volumes: Vol. 1. Macro- and Microcomposites; Vol. 2. Nanocomposites; and Vol. 3. Biocomposites.

Biodegradable Polymer Blends and Composites from Renewable Resources

Biodegradable Polymer Blends and Composites from Renewable Resources
A Book

by Long Yu

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2009-03-25
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 0470391553
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biodegradable Polymer Blends and Composites from Renewable Resources provides a comprehensive, current overview of biopolymeric blends and composites and their applications in various industries. The book is organized according to the type of blend or composite. For each topic, the relationship between the structure of the blends/composites and their respective properties is explored, with particular focus on interface, compatibility, mechanical, and thermal properties. Real-life applications and potential markets are discussed. This is a premier reference for graduate students and researchers in polymer science, chemical and bio engineering, and materials science.

Natural Fibers, Plastics and Composites

Natural Fibers, Plastics and Composites
A Book

by Frederick T. Wallenberger,Norman Weston

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2011-06-28
  • Pages : 370
  • ISBN : 144199050X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Modelling Degradation of Bioresorbable Polymeric Medical Devices

Modelling Degradation of Bioresorbable Polymeric Medical Devices
A Book

by J Pan

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2014-10-24
  • Pages : 260
  • ISBN : 1782420258
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The use of bioresorbable polymers in stents, fixation devices and tissue engineering is revolutionising medicine. Both industry and academic researchers are interested in using computer modelling to replace some experiments which are costly and time consuming. This book provides readers with a comprehensive review of modelling polymers and polymeric medical devices as an alternative to practical experiments. Chapters in part one provide readers with an overview of the fundamentals of biodegradation. Part two looks at a wide range of degradation theories for bioresorbable polymers and devices. The final set of chapters look at advances in modelling biodegradation of bioresorbable polymers. This book is an essential guide to those concerned with replacing tests and experiments with modelling. Provides a comprehensive mathematical framework for computer modelling of polymers and polymeric medical devices that can significantly reduce the number of experiments needed. Reviews the fundamental methods of modelling degradation, and applies these to particular materials including amorphous bioresorbable polyesters, semicrystalline biodegradable polyesters, and composite materials made of biodegradable polyesters and triclcium phosphates

Biodegradable and Biocompatible Polymer Composites

Biodegradable and Biocompatible Polymer Composites
Processing, Properties and Applications

by Navinchandra Gopal Shimpi

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2017-09-18
  • Pages : 438
  • ISBN : 0081010583
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biodegradable and Biocompatible Polymer Composites: Processing, Properties and Applications begins by discussing the current state-of-the-art, new challenges and opportunities for various biodegradable and biocompatible polymer composite systems. Interfacial characterization of composites and the structure-property relationships in various composite systems are explained in detail via a theoretical model. Processing techniques for various macro and nanocomposite systems and the influence of processing parameters on properties of the composite are also reviewed in detail. The characterization of microstructure, elastic, visco-elastic, static and dynamic mechanical, thermal, rheological, optical, and electrical properties are highlighted, as are a broad range of applications. The book is a useful reference resource for both researchers and engineers working in composites materials science, biotechnology and nanotechnology, and is also useful for students attending chemistry, physics, and materials science and engineering courses. Presents recent outcomes and highlights the going importance of biodegradable and biocompatible polymer composites and their impact on the environment Analyzes all the main processing techniques, characterization and applications of biodegradable composites Written by leading international experts working in the field of biodegradable and biocompatible polymer composites Covers a broad range of application fields, including medical and pharmaceutical, agricultural, packaging and transport

Novel Biocomposite Engineering and Bio-Applications

Novel Biocomposite Engineering and Bio-Applications
A Book

by Gary Chinga Carrasco

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2019-01-17
  • Pages : 215
  • ISBN : 3038973823
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Novel Biocomposite Engineering and Bio-Applications" that was published in Bioengineering

Handbook of Composites from Renewable Materials, Design and Manufacturing

Handbook of Composites from Renewable Materials, Design and Manufacturing
A Book

by Vijay Kumar Thakur,Manju Kumari Thakur,Michael R. Kessler

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2017-03-03
  • Pages : 640
  • ISBN : 1119224292
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Handbook of Composites From Renewable Materials comprises a set of 8 individual volumes that brings an interdisciplinary perspective to accomplish a more detailed understanding of the interplay between the synthesis, structure, characterization, processing, applications and performance of these advanced materials. The handbook covers a multitude of natural polymers/ reinforcement/ fillers and biodegradable materials. Together, the 8 volumes total at least 5000 pages and offers a unique publication. This 2nd volume of the Handbook is solely focused on the Design and Manufacturing of renewable materials. Some of the important topics include but not limited to: design and manufacturing of high performance green composites; manufacturing of high performance biomass-based polyesters by rheological approach; components design of fibrous composite materials; design and manufacturing of bio-based sandwich structures; design and manufacture of biodegradable products from renewable resources; manufacturing and characterization of quicklime filled metal alloy composites for single row deep groove ball bearing; manufacturing of composites from chicken feathers and poly (vinyl chloride); production of porous carbons from resorcinol-formaldehyde gels: applications; composites using agricultural wastes; manufacturing of rice wastes-based natural fiber polymer composites from thermosetting vs. thermoplastic matrices; thermoplastic polymeric composites; natural fiber reinforced PLA composites; rigid closed-cell PUR foams containing polyols derived from renewable resources; preparation and application of the composite from alginate; recent developments in biocomposites of bombyx mori silk fibroin; design and manufacturing of natural fiber/ synthetic fiber reinforced polymer hybrid composites; natural fibre composite strengthening solution for structural beam component for enhanced flexural strength; high pressure resin transfer molding of epoxy resins from renewable sources; cork based structural composites; the use of wheat straw as an agricultural waste in composites for semi-structural applications and design/ manufacturing of sustainable composites.

Properties and Performance of Natural-Fibre Composites

Properties and Performance of Natural-Fibre Composites
A Book

by Kim Pickering

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2008-06-23
  • Pages : 576
  • ISBN : 1845694597
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Concern about global warming has led to renewed interest in the more sustainable use of natural fibres in composite materials. This important book reviews the wealth of recent research into improving the mechanical properties of natural-fibre thermoplastic composites so that they can be more widely used. The first part of the book provides an overview of the main types of natural fibres used in composites, how they are processed and, in particular, the way the fibre-matrix interface can be engineered to improve performance. Part two discusses the increasing use of natural-fibre composites in such areas as automotive and structural engineering, packaging and the energy sector. The final part of the book discusses ways of assessing the mechanical performance of natural-fibre composites. With its distinguished editor and team of contributors, Properties and performance of natural-fibre composites is a valuable reference for all those using these important materials in such areas as automotive and structural engineering. Provides an overview of the types of natural fibres used in composites Discusses fibre-matrix interface and how it can be engineered to improve performance Examines the increasing use of natural-fibre composites in automotive and structural engineering and the packaging and energy sector

Biodegradable Polyesters

Biodegradable Polyesters
A Book

by Stoyko Fakirov

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2015-04-06
  • Pages : 368
  • ISBN : 3527656979
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Collating otherwise hard-to-get and recently acquired knowledge in one work, this is a comprehensive reference on the synthesis, properties, characterization, and applications of this eco-friendly class of plastics. A group of internationally renowned researchers offer their first-hand experience and knowledge, dealing exclusively with those biodegradable polyesters that have become increasingly important over the past two decades due to environmental concerns on the one hand and newly-devised applications in the biomedical field on the other. The result is an unparalleled overview for the industrial chemist and materials scientist, as well as for developers and researchers in industry and academia alike.

Encyclopedia of Polymer Applications, 3 Volume Set

Encyclopedia of Polymer Applications, 3 Volume Set
A Book

by Munmaya Mishra

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-12-17
  • Pages : 5250
  • ISBN : 1351019406
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Undoubtedly the applications of polymers are rapidly evolving. Technology is continually changing and quickly advancing as polymers are needed to solve a variety of day-to-day challenges leading to improvements in quality of life. The Encyclopedia of Polymer Applications presents state-of-the-art research and development on the applications of polymers. This groundbreaking work provides important overviews to help stimulate further advancements in all areas of polymers. This comprehensive multi-volume reference includes articles contributed from a diverse and global team of renowned researchers. It offers a broad-based perspective on a multitude of topics in a variety of applications, as well as detailed research information, figures, tables, illustrations, and references. The encyclopedia provides introductions, classifications, properties, selection, types, technologies, shelf-life, recycling, testing and applications for each of the entries where applicable. It features critical content for both novices and experts including, engineers, scientists (polymer scientists, materials scientists, biomedical engineers, macromolecular chemists), researchers, and students, as well as interested readers in academia, industry, and research institutions.

Materials for Biomedical Engineering: Nanobiomaterials in Tissue Engineering

Materials for Biomedical Engineering: Nanobiomaterials in Tissue Engineering
A Book

by Alina-Maria Holban,Alexandru Grumezescu

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-03-22
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN : 0128169109
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Materials for Biomedical Engineering: Nanobiomaterials in Tissue Engineering highlights the impact of novel bioactive materials in both current applications and their potential in the future progress of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. Tissue engineering is a well investigated and challenging bio-medical field, with promising perspectives to improve and support the quality of life in diseased patients. This book brings together the latest research findings regarding the design and versatility of bioactive materials and their potential in tissue engineering. In addition, recent progress in soft and hard tissue engineering is presented within the chapters of the book. Provides a valuable resource of recent scientific progress, highlighting the most well-known applications of bioactive materials in tissue engineering that can be used by researchers, engineers and academics Includes novel opportunities and ideas for developing or improving technologies in composites by companies, biomedical industries, and in related sectors Features at least 50% of references from the last 2-3 years

Green Composites for Automotive Applications

Green Composites for Automotive Applications
A Book

by Georgios Koronis,Arlindo Silva

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2018-11-10
  • Pages : 332
  • ISBN : 008102178X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Green Composites for Automotive Applications presents cutting-edge, comprehensive reviews on the industrial applications of green composites. The book provides an elaborative assessment of both academic and industrial research on eco-design, durability issues, environmental performance, and future trends. Particular emphasis is placed on the processing and characterization of green composites, specific types of materials, such as thermoset and thermoplastic, nanocomposites, sandwich, and polymer biofoams. Additional sections cover lifecycle and risk analysis. As such, this book is an essential reference resource for R&D specialists working in materials science, automotive, chemical, and environmental engineering, as well as R&D managers in industry. Contains contributions from leading experts in the field Covers experimental, analytical and numerical analysis Deals with most important automotive aspects Provides a special section dedicated to lifecycle assessment

Calcium phosphate Ceramics - Bioresorbable Polymer Composite Biomaterials

Calcium phosphate Ceramics - Bioresorbable Polymer Composite Biomaterials
from synthesis to applications : (1999-2007)

by Dragan P. Uskoković,Nenad L. Ignjatović

  • Publisher : Institute of Technical Sciences of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts
  • Release : 2007-10-01
  • Pages : 424
  • ISBN : 8680321125
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In the past several years, the accent of a number of scientific researches in the countries of the European Union, USA and Japan was focused on the field of biomaterials. Having the direct influence on the quality and longevity of human life, these researches receive significant funding. The bone tissue is an especially interesting subject of scientific research, as much for the frequent osteoporosis as for the formative nature of organism. Natural bone is mostly composed of nanostructural calcium phosphate (hydroxyapatite). Whether bone trauma was caused artificially or through illness, the number of reconstructions increases every year worldwide and thus the monetary investment into this field. Until now, numerous kinds of biomaterials were used for this purpose. Development of equipment and progress in characterization techniques and devices enabled an exponential development of new and advanced biomaterials’ synthesis. Many qualitative and quantitative content concepts and the organization of biomaterials on all structural levels were taken from nature. Biomaterials for the reconstruction of bone tissue, very similar to human tissue, in the form of composite blocks, injectable cements, nano-fillers, etc., were produced this way. Synthesis of calcium phosphate and hydroxyapatite, as well as the composite for the reconstruction of bone tissue, has been a significant research field of a section of Advanced Materials and Processes Department of the Institute of Technical Sciences of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts (ITS SASA) from Belgrade for a number of years. Apart from a number of published scientific papers in leading international journals, lectures presented at the leading universities worldwide, several PhD dissertations defended at various faculties in the land, and several domestic patents, researchers have established the basis of the technological procedure and the production of small series of various products developed in their laboratory. These researches have very wide aspect of significance – from fundamental, scientific to specifically applicative. It can be said that these researches include everything from synthesis, processing, characterization to their application. This book contains 44 papers published in SCI journals since 1999 until May 2007. It is divided into five sections and each assembles the most important results in the specific area: I Synthesis and Processing, II Synthesis, Properties and Characterization of Biomaterials, III Mechanical Properties and Modelling of Biomaterials, IV Biological Evaluation of Biomaterials, V Behaviour of Biomaterials under Radiation Field.

Composites from Renewable and Sustainable Materials

Composites from Renewable and Sustainable Materials
A Book

by Matheus Poletto

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2016-11-30
  • Pages : 344
  • ISBN : 9535127934
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Composites from Renewable and Sustainable Materials consists of 16 chapters written by international subject matter experts investigating the characteristic and current application of materials from renewable and sustainable sources. The reader will develop a deeper understanding about the concepts related to renewable materials, biomaterials, natural fibers, biodegradable composites, starch, and recycled materials. This book will serve as the starting point for materials science researchers, engineers, and technologists from the diverse backgrounds in physics, chemistry, biology, materials science, and engineering who want to know and better understand the fundamental aspects and current applications of renewable and sustainable materials in several applications.

Textile Finishing

Textile Finishing
Recent Developments and Future Trends

by K. L. Mittal,Thomas Bahners

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2017-08-22
  • Pages : 588
  • ISBN : 1119426855
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Textiles have been historically and traditionally used to make clothes, but even in ancient times there were technical textiles for making sails, tents, etc. Today, technical textiles are used in various industries for a host of purposes and applications. Recently, there have been exciting developments on various fronts in the textile field to impart novel and innovative functionalities to textiles, e.g., easy-to-clean or dirt-repellent, flame retardancy, anti-bacterial, and fog-harvesting properties, to name a few. Also, textiles for electronics based on graphene, CNTs and other nanomaterials, conductive textiles, textiles for sensor function, textile-fixed catalysts, textiles for batteries and energy storage, textiles as substrates for tissue engineering, and textiles for O/W separation have appeared in the literature. All this has been possible through adopting novel ways for finishing textiles, e.g., by appropriate surface modification techniques, and utilizing biomimetic concepts borrowed from nature. This unique book entitled “Textile Finishing: Recent Developments and Future Trends” is divided into four parts: Part 1: Recent Developments/Current Challenges in Textile Finishing; Part 2: Surface Modification Techniques for Textiles; Part 3: Innovative Functionalities of Textiles; Part 4: Fiber-Reinforced Composites. The topics covered include: Antimicrobial textile finishes; flame retardant textile finishing; “self-cleaning” or easy-to-clean textiles; metallization of textiles; atmospheric pressure plasma, and uv-based photochemical surface modification of textiles; tunable wettability of textiles; 3D textile structures for fog harvesting; textile-fixed catalysts; medical textiles as substrates for tissue engineering; and fiber-reinforced “green” or “greener” biocomposites and the relevance of fiber/matrix adhesion.

Nanoclay Reinforced Polymer Composites

Nanoclay Reinforced Polymer Composites
Natural Fibre/Nanoclay Hybrid Composites

by Mohammad Jawaid,Abou el Kacem Qaiss,Rachid Bouhfid

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-05-12
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN : 9811009503
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book highlights the most essential advances in nanoclay-based nanocomposites, especially natural fibre-reinforced polymer composites. Readers will find extensive information on nanoclay from preparation to applications, and the characterization techniques needed in order to evaluate the resulting properties of nanoclay-based natural fibre-reinforced polymer composites. Topics covered include the characterization of nano-sized clay, chemical modification, and processing techniques for nanocomposites from nanoclay. The book offers a valuable reference guide for academics and industrial practitioners alike.

Biodegradation

Biodegradation
Life of Science

by Rolando Chamy

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2013-06-14
  • Pages : 380
  • ISBN : 953511154X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book contains a collection of different biodegradation research activities where biological processes take place. The book has two main sections: A) Polymers and Surfactants Biodegradation and B) Biodegradation: Microbial Behaviour.