Download Natural Gas Hydrates Ebook PDF

Natural Gas Hydrate in Oceanic and Permafrost Environments

Natural Gas Hydrate in Oceanic and Permafrost Environments
A Book

by M.D. Max

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2003-05-31
  • Pages : 415
  • ISBN : 9781402013621
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This is the first book published on the emerging research field of naturally occurring gas hydrates (focusing on methane hydrate) that is not primarily a physical chemistry textbook. This book is designed as a broad introduction to the field of hydrate science, demonstrating the significance of the hydrate cycle to energy resource potential, seafloor stability, and global climate and climate change, along with other issues. The best known hydrate localities are described, as are research and laboratory methods and results. The book consists of chapters grouped in related themes that present up-to-date information on methane hydrate. Each of the contributing authors is expert in hydrate science and most have been carrying out research in hydrate for a considerable time. Audience: This book will be an important source of information for marine geologists, geophysicists, geochemists, and petroleum geologists and regulators. It is also intended as a graduate-level textbook.

Natural Gas Hydrates

Natural Gas Hydrates
Properties, Occurrence, and Recovery

by John L. Cox

  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release : 1983
  • Pages : 125
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Natural Gas Hydrates

Natural Gas Hydrates
A Guide for Engineers

by John Carroll

  • Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
  • Release : 2009-07-10
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 9780080570020
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The petroleum industry spends millions of dollars every year to combat the formation of hydrates-the solid, crystalline compounds that form from water and small molecules-that cause problems by plugging transmission lines and damaging equipment. They are a problem in the production, transmission and processing of natural gas, and it is even possible for them to form in the reservoir itself if the conditions are favorable. Natural Gas Hydrates is written for the field engineer working in the natural gas industry. This book explains how, when and where hydrates form, while providing the knowledge necessary to apply remedies in practical applications. New to the second edition, the use of new inhibitors: Kinetic Inhibitors and Anticoagulants and the topic of kinetics of hydrates. How fast do they form? How fast do they melt? New chapters on Hydrates in Nature, hydrates on the seafloor and a new section has also been added regarding the misconceptions about water dew points. Chapters on Hydrate Types and Formers, Computer Methods, Inhibiting Hydrate Formation with Chemicals, Dehydration of Natural Gas and Phase Diagrams Hydrate Dehydration of Natural Gas and Phase Diagrams have been expanded and updated along with the companion website. * Understand what gas hydrates are, how they form and what can be done to combat their formation * Avoid the same problems BP experienced with clogged pipelines * Presents the four most common approaches to evaluate hydrates: heat, depressurization, inhibitor chemicals, and dehydration.

Natural Gas Hydrates

Natural Gas Hydrates
Experimental Techniques and Their Applications

by Yuguang Ye,Changling Liu

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-09-11
  • Pages : 404
  • ISBN : 3642311008
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

“Natural Gas Hydrates: Experimental Techniques and Their Applications” attempts to broadly integrate the most recent knowledge in the fields of hydrate experimental techniques in the laboratory. The book examines various experimental techniques in order to provide useful parameters for gas hydrate exploration and exploitation. It provides experimental techniques for gas hydrates, including the detection techniques, the thermo-physical properties, permeability and mechanical properties, geochemical abnormalities, stability and dissociation kinetics, exploitation conditions, as well as modern measurement technologies etc. This book will be of interest to experimental scientists who engage in gas hydrate experiments in the laboratory, and is also intended as a reference work for students concerned with gas hydrate research. Yuguang Ye is a distinguished professor of Experimental Geology at Qingdao Institute of Marine Geology, China Geological Survey, China. Professor Changling Liu works at the Qingdao Institute of Marine Geology, China Geological Survey, China.

Methane Gas Hydrate

Methane Gas Hydrate
A Book

by Ayhan Demirbas

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2010-02-28
  • Pages : 186
  • ISBN : 1848828721
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Gas hydrates represent one of the world’s largest untapped reservoirs of energy and, according to some estimates, have the potential to meet global energy needs for the next thousand years. "Methane Gas Hydrate" examines this potential by focusing on methane gas hydrate, which is increasingly considered a significant source of energy. "Methane Gas Hydrate" gives a general overview of natural gas, before delving into the subject of gas hydrates in more detail and methane gas hydrate in particular. As well as discussing methods of gas production, it also discusses the safety and environmental concerns associated with the presence of natural gas hydrates, ranging from their possible impact on the safety of conventional drilling operations to their influence on Earth’s climate. "Methane Gas Hydrate" is a useful reference on an increasingly popular energy source. It contains valuable information for chemical engineers and researchers, as well as for postgraduate students.

Natural Gas Hydrates in Flow Assurance

Natural Gas Hydrates in Flow Assurance
A Book

by Carolyn Ann Koh,Amadeu Sum

  • Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
  • Release : 2010-10-12
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN : 9781856179461
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

With millions of kilometres of onshore and offshore oil and gas pipelines in service around the world, pipelines are the life’s blood of the world. Notorious for disrupting natural gas production or transmission, the formation of natural gas hydrates can cost a company hundreds of millions and lead to catastrophic equipment breakdowns and safety and health hazards. Written by an international group of experts, Natural Gas Hydrates in Flow Assurance provide an expert overview of the practice and theory in natural gas hydrates, with applications primarily in flow assurance. Compact and easy to use, the book provides readers with a wealth of materials which include the key lessons learned in the industry over the last 20 years. Packed with field case studies, the book is designed to provide hands-on training and practice in calculating hydrate phase equilibria and plug dissociation. In addition readers receive executable programs to calculate hydrate thermodynamics. Case studies of hydrates in flow assurance The key concepts underlying the practical applications An overview of the state of the art flow assurance industrial developments

Natural Gas Hydrates

Natural Gas Hydrates
Energy Resource Potential and Associated Geologic Hazards, AAPG Memoir 89

by Timothy S. Collett,Art Johnson,Camelia C. Knapp,Ray Boswell

  • Publisher : AAPG
  • Release : 2010-01-14
  • Pages : 145
  • ISBN : 0891813705
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Hardcover plus CD

Natural Gas Hydrates

Natural Gas Hydrates
Experimental Techniques and Their Applications

by Yuguang Ye,Changling Liu

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-09-14
  • Pages : 404
  • ISBN : 3642311016
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

“Natural Gas Hydrates: Experimental Techniques and Their Applications” attempts to broadly integrate the most recent knowledge in the fields of hydrate experimental techniques in the laboratory. The book examines various experimental techniques in order to provide useful parameters for gas hydrate exploration and exploitation. It provides experimental techniques for gas hydrates, including the detection techniques, the thermo-physical properties, permeability and mechanical properties, geochemical abnormalities, stability and dissociation kinetics, exploitation conditions, as well as modern measurement technologies etc. This book will be of interest to experimental scientists who engage in gas hydrate experiments in the laboratory, and is also intended as a reference work for students concerned with gas hydrate research. Yuguang Ye is a distinguished professor of Experimental Geology at Qingdao Institute of Marine Geology, China Geological Survey, China. Professor Changling Liu works at the Qingdao Institute of Marine Geology, China Geological Survey, China.

Gas Hydrates and Their Relation to the Operation of Natural-gas Pipe Lines

Gas Hydrates and Their Relation to the Operation of Natural-gas Pipe Lines
A Book

by W. M. Deaton,E. M. Frost

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1948
  • Pages : 101
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Economic Geology of Natural Gas Hydrate

Economic Geology of Natural Gas Hydrate
A Book

by Michael D. Max,Arthur H. Johnson,William P. Dillon

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2006-07-09
  • Pages : 343
  • ISBN : 1402039727
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This book is a companion to “Natural Gas Hydrate in Oceanic and Permafrost Environments” (Max, 2000, 2003), which is the first book on gas hydrate in this series. Although other gases can naturally form clathrate hydrates (referred to after as ‘hydrate’), we are concerned here only with hydrocarbon gases that form hydrates. The most important of these natural gases is methane. Whereas the first book is a general introduction to the subject of natural gas hydrate, this book focuses on the geology and geochemical controls of gas hydrate development and on gas extraction from naturally occurring hydrocarbon hydrates. This is the first broad treatment of gas hydrate as a natural resource within an economic geological framework. This book is written mainly to stand alone for brevity and to minimize duplication. Information in Max (2000; 2003) should also be consulted for completeness. Hydrate is a type of clathrate (Sloan, 1998) that is formed from a cage structure of water molecules in which gas molecules occupying void sites within the cages stabilize the structure through van der Waals or hydrogen bonding.

Clathrate Hydrates of Natural Gases

Clathrate Hydrates of Natural Gases
A Book

by E. Dendy Sloan Jr.,Carolyn A. Koh

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2007-09-07
  • Pages : 752
  • ISBN : 1420008498
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Hydrate research has expanded substantially over the past decade, resulting in more than 4,000 hydrate-related publications. Collating this vast amount of information into one source, Clathrate Hydrates of Natural Gases, Third Edition presents a thoroughly updated, authoritative, and comprehensive description of all major aspects of natural gas cla

Natural Gas Hydrate

Natural Gas Hydrate
In Oceanic and Permafrost Environments

by M.D. Max

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 415
  • ISBN : 9401143870
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

1. THE BEGINNINGS OF HYDRATE RESEARCH Until very recently, our understanding of hydrate in the natural environment and its impact on seafloor stability, its importance as a sequester of methane, and its potential as an important mechanism in the Earth's climate change system, was masked by our lack of appreciation of the vastness of the hydrate resource. Only a few publications on naturally occurring hydrate existed prior to 1975. The first published reference to oceanic gas hydrate (Bryan and Markl, 1966) and the first publication in the scientific literature (Stoll, et a1., 1971) show how recently it has been since the topic of naturally occurring hydrate has been raised. Recently, however, the number of hydrate publications has increased substantially, reflecting increased research into hydrate topics and the initiation of funding to support the researchers. Awareness of the existence of naturally occurring gas hydrate now has spread beyond the few scientific enthusiasts who pursued knowledge about the elusive hydrate because of simple interest and lurking suspicions that hydrate would prove to be an important topic. The first national conference on gas hydrate in the U.S. was held as recently as April, 1991 at the U.S. National Center of the U.s. Geological Survey in Reston Virginia (Max et al., 1991). The meeting was co-hosted by the U.s. Geological Survey, the Naval Research Laboratory, and the U.S.

Exploration and Production of Oceanic Natural Gas Hydrate

Exploration and Production of Oceanic Natural Gas Hydrate
Critical Factors for Commercialization

by Michael D. Max,Arthur H. Johnson

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-08-16
  • Pages : 405
  • ISBN : 3319433857
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This book describes aspects of the natural gas hydrate (NGH) system that offer opportunities for the innovative application of existing technology and development of new technology that could dramatically lower the cost of NGH exploration and production. It is written for energy industry professsionals and those concerned with energy choices and efficiencies at a university graduate level. The NGH resource is compared with physical, environmental, and commercial aspects of other gas resources. The authors' theme is that natural gas can provide for base and peak load energy demands during the transition to and possibly within a renewable energy future. This is possibly the most useful book discussing fossil fuels that will be a reference for environmentalists and energy policy institutions, and for the environmental and energy community.

Natural Gas Hydrate - Arctic Ocean Deepwater Resource Potential

Natural Gas Hydrate - Arctic Ocean Deepwater Resource Potential
A Book

by Michael D. Max,Arthur H. Johnson,William P. Dillon

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-10-11
  • Pages : 113
  • ISBN : 3319025082
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The book is an up-to-date basic reference for natural gas hydrate (NGH) in the Arctic Ocean. Geographical, geological, environmental, energy, new technology, and regulatory matters are discussed. The book should be of interest to general readers and scientists and students as well as industry and government agencies concerned with energy and ocean management. NGH is a solid crystalline material that compresses gas by about a factor of about 164 during crystallization from natural gas (mainly methane) - rich pore waters over time. NGH displaces water and may form large concentrations in sediment pore space. Its formation introduces changes in the geotechnical character of host sediment that allows it to be distinguished by seismic and electric exploration methods. The chemical reaction that forms NGH from gas and water molecules is highly reversible, which allows controlled conversion of the NGH to its constituent gas and water. This can be achieved rapidly by one of a number of processes including heating, depressurization, inhibitor injection, dissolution, and molecular replacement. The produced gas has the potential to make NGH a valuable unconventional natural gas resource, and perhaps the largest on earth. Estimates for NGH distribution, concentration, economic targets, and volumes in the Arctic Ocean have been carried out by restricting the economic target to deepwater turbidite sands, which are also sediment hosts for more deeply buried conventional hydrocarbon deposits. Resource base estimates are based on NGH petroleum system analysis approach using industry-standard parameters along with analogs from three relatively well known examples (Nankai-Japan, Gulf of Mexico-United States, and Arctic permafrost hydrate). Drilling data has substantiated new geotechnical-level seismic analysis techniques for estimating not just the presence of NGH but prospect volumes. In addition to a volumetric estimate for NGH having economic potential, a sedimentary depositional model is proposed to aid exploration in the five different regions around the deep central Arctic Ocean basin. Related topics are also discussed. Transport and logistics for NGH may also be applicable for stranded conventional gas and oil deposits. Arising from a discussion of new technology and methodologies that could be applied to developing NGH, suggestions are made for the lowering of exploration and capital expenses that could make NGH competitive on a produced cost basis. The basis for the extraordinarily low environmental risk for exploration and production of NGH is discussed, especially with respect to the environmentally fragile Arctic region. It is suggested that because of the low environmental risk, special regulations could be written that would provide a framework for very low cost and safe development.

Hydrates of Natural Gas

Hydrates of Natural Gas
A Book

by I͡Uriĭ Fedorovich Makogon

  • Publisher : Pennwell Corporation
  • Release : 1981
  • Pages : 237
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Natural Gas Hydrate Management in Deepwater Gas Well

Natural Gas Hydrate Management in Deepwater Gas Well
A Book

by Zhiyuan Wang,Baojiang Sun,Yonghai Gao

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-06-19
  • Pages : 232
  • ISBN : 9811564183
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This book chiefly describes the theories and technologies for natural gas hydrate management in deepwater gas wells. It systematically explores the mechanisms of hydrate formation, migration, deposition and blockage in multiphase flow in gas-dominated systems; constructs a multiphase flow model of multi-component systems for wells that takes into account hydrate phase transition; reveals the influence of hydrate phase transition on multiphase flows, and puts forward a creative hydrate blockage management method based on hydrate blockage free window (HBFW), which enormously improves the hydrate prevention effect in deepwater wells. The book combines essential theories and industrial technology practice to facilitate a deeper understanding of approaches to and technologies for hydrate management in deepwater wells, and provides guidance on operation design. Accordingly, it represents a valuable reference guide for both researchers and graduate students working in oil and gas engineering, offshore oil and gas engineering, oil and gas storage and transportation engineering, as well as technical staff in the fields of deepwater oil and gas drilling, development, and flow assurance.

Gas Hydrates

Gas Hydrates
Relevance to World Margin Stability and Climate Change

by J.-P. Henriet,J. Mienert,Jürgen Mienert

  • Publisher : Geological Society of London
  • Release : 1998
  • Pages : 338
  • ISBN : 9781862390102
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Natural gas hydrates occur in polar regions and in the sediment of out continental and insular margins. Three important aspects of gas hydrates are covered in this text: their fossil fuel potential; their role as a submarine geohazard; and their effects on global climate change. There is a general focus on slope stability and climatic issues.

Gas Hydrates 2

Gas Hydrates 2
Geoscience Issues and Potential Industrial Applications

by Livio Ruffine,Daniel Broseta,Arnaud Desmedt

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2018-04-16
  • Pages : 382
  • ISBN : 1119522471
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Gas hydrates in their natural environment and for potential industrial applications (Volume 2).

International Conference on Natural Gas Hydrates

International Conference on Natural Gas Hydrates
A Book

by E. Dendy Sloan,John Happel,Miguel A. Hnatow,New York Academy of Sciences

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1994
  • Pages : 579
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Natural gas hydrates can affect the transportation of oil and gas through pipelines. They can also affect the atmosphere through the greenhouse effect, and may serve as a natural resource for methane gas, for example. All of these aspects of gas hydrates are explored, along with possible solutions, in this volume.

Advances in the Study of Gas Hydrates

Advances in the Study of Gas Hydrates
A Book

by Charles E. Taylor,Jonathan T. Kwan

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2004-09-01
  • Pages : 254
  • ISBN : 0306484811
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This book had its genesis in a symposium on gas hydrates presented at the 2003 Spring National Meeting of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers. The symposium consisted of twenty papers presented in four sessions over two days. Additional guest authors were invited to provide continuity and cover topics not addressed during the symposium. Gas hydrates are a unique class of chemical compounds where molecules of one compound (the guest material) are enclosed, without bonding chemically, within an open solid lattice composed of another compound (the host material). These types of configurations are known as clathrates. The guest molecules, u- ally gases, are of an appropriate size such that they fit within the cage formed by the host material. Commonexamples of gas hydrates are carbon dioxide/water and methane/water clathrates. At standard pressure and temperature, methane hydrate contains by volume 180 times as much methane as hydrate. The United States Geological Survey (USGS) has estimated that there is more organic carbon c- tained as methane hydrate than all other forms of fossil fuels combined. In fact, methane hydrates could provide a clean source of energy for several centuries. Clathrate compounds were first discovered in the early 1800s when Humphrey Davy and Michael Faraday were experimenting with chlorine-water mixtures.