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Natural Gas Hydrates

Natural Gas Hydrates
A Guide for Engineers

by John J. Carroll

  • Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
  • Release : 2003
  • Pages : 270
  • ISBN : 9780750675697
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This is the most exhaustive study to date on natural gas hydrates. In spite of their importance, hydrates are misunderstood, and misconceptions abound. This book provides an accurate review of what hydrates are and under what conditions they will form, and it provides the engineer with the methods to predict the occurrences of hydrates. The petroleum industry spends millions every year to combat the formation of hydrates, the solid, crystalline compounds that form from water and small molecules, damaging equipment and plugging transmission lines. Understanding how, when, and where they form and using this knowledge to apply remedies in practical applications are crucial. * The most comprehensive study of natural gas hydrates * A manual for the engineer or textbook for the student * Contains cutting-edge solutions to natural gas hydrate problems

Natural Gas Hydrates in Flow Assurance

Natural Gas Hydrates in Flow Assurance
A Book

by Carolyn Ann Koh,Amadeu Sum

  • Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
  • Release : 2010-10-12
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN : 9781856179461
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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With millions of kilometres of onshore and offshore oil and gas pipelines in service around the world, pipelines are the life’s blood of the world. Notorious for disrupting natural gas production or transmission, the formation of natural gas hydrates can cost a company hundreds of millions and lead to catastrophic equipment breakdowns and safety and health hazards. Written by an international group of experts, Natural Gas Hydrates in Flow Assurance provide an expert overview of the practice and theory in natural gas hydrates, with applications primarily in flow assurance. Compact and easy to use, the book provides readers with a wealth of materials which include the key lessons learned in the industry over the last 20 years. Packed with field case studies, the book is designed to provide hands-on training and practice in calculating hydrate phase equilibria and plug dissociation. In addition readers receive executable programs to calculate hydrate thermodynamics. Case studies of hydrates in flow assurance The key concepts underlying the practical applications An overview of the state of the art flow assurance industrial developments

Natural Gas Hydrate

Natural Gas Hydrate
In Oceanic and Permafrost Environments

by M.D. Max

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 415
  • ISBN : 9401143870
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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1. THE BEGINNINGS OF HYDRATE RESEARCH Until very recently, our understanding of hydrate in the natural environment and its impact on seafloor stability, its importance as a sequester of methane, and its potential as an important mechanism in the Earth's climate change system, was masked by our lack of appreciation of the vastness of the hydrate resource. Only a few publications on naturally occurring hydrate existed prior to 1975. The first published reference to oceanic gas hydrate (Bryan and Markl, 1966) and the first publication in the scientific literature (Stoll, et a1., 1971) show how recently it has been since the topic of naturally occurring hydrate has been raised. Recently, however, the number of hydrate publications has increased substantially, reflecting increased research into hydrate topics and the initiation of funding to support the researchers. Awareness of the existence of naturally occurring gas hydrate now has spread beyond the few scientific enthusiasts who pursued knowledge about the elusive hydrate because of simple interest and lurking suspicions that hydrate would prove to be an important topic. The first national conference on gas hydrate in the U.S. was held as recently as April, 1991 at the U.S. National Center of the U.s. Geological Survey in Reston Virginia (Max et al., 1991). The meeting was co-hosted by the U.s. Geological Survey, the Naval Research Laboratory, and the U.S.

Offshore Gas Hydrates

Offshore Gas Hydrates
Origins, Development, and Production

by Rudy Rogers

  • Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
  • Release : 2015-08-24
  • Pages : 398
  • ISBN : 0128025565
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Gas hydrates collect and store both thermogenic and biogenic methane generated in deep ocean sediments that, over geologic time, forms vast methane repositories. Offshore Gas Hydrates: Origins, Development, and Production presents gas hydrates as an emerging, clean energy source possibly more abundant than all other fossil fuels and especially important for countries geographically and economically restricted from conventional fossil fuel resources. The book explores feasible methods to produce offshore hydrate gas, the means to store and transport the remotely produced gas, new hydrate inhibitors for conventional and hydrate production in ultra-deep waters, instability manifestations of seafloor hydrates, and hydrate roles in complex ecological scenarios. Complementing production and drilling method presentations are computer simulation studies, hydrate field tests, and seismic and logging developments. Offshore Gas Hydrates delivers a well-developed framework for both the oil and gas researcher and corporate engineer to better exploit this future unconventional resource, empowering the oil and gas professional with the latest data and information on sophisticated challenges that offshore hydrates present. Addresses the technical, economic, and environmental problems of producing hydrate gas. Introduces the overlooked and unchartered role of microbes in catalyzing offshore hydrate formations with attendant effects on stability/dissociation. Reviews the latest world-wide field tests, research, and case studies involving seafloor hydrates, inclusive of most known hydrate provinces. Displays two videos within the e-book only: (1) hydrates, carbonates, chemosynthetic communities, and natural hydrocarbon leakages on the seafloor at the Mississippi Canyon hydrate observatory site; (2) hydrate nucleation, migration and self-packing in a laboratory test cell under the influence of anionic surfactants. Extends deep-water hydrate knowledge regarding the hydrate formation and protective cover for microbes within the extreme environment of Mars.

Hydrates of Natural Gas

Hydrates of Natural Gas
A Book

by I͡Uriĭ Fedorovich Makogon

  • Publisher : Pennwell Corporation
  • Release : 1981
  • Pages : 237
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Methane Gas Hydrate

Methane Gas Hydrate
A Book

by Ayhan Demirbas

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2010-02-28
  • Pages : 186
  • ISBN : 1848828721
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Gas hydrates represent one of the world’s largest untapped reservoirs of energy and, according to some estimates, have the potential to meet global energy needs for the next thousand years. "Methane Gas Hydrate" examines this potential by focusing on methane gas hydrate, which is increasingly considered a significant source of energy. "Methane Gas Hydrate" gives a general overview of natural gas, before delving into the subject of gas hydrates in more detail and methane gas hydrate in particular. As well as discussing methods of gas production, it also discusses the safety and environmental concerns associated with the presence of natural gas hydrates, ranging from their possible impact on the safety of conventional drilling operations to their influence on Earth’s climate. "Methane Gas Hydrate" is a useful reference on an increasingly popular energy source. It contains valuable information for chemical engineers and researchers, as well as for postgraduate students.

Clathrate Hydrates of Natural Gases, Third Edition

Clathrate Hydrates of Natural Gases, Third Edition
A Book

by E. Dendy Sloan, Jr.,Carolyn Koh

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2007-09-07
  • Pages : 752
  • ISBN : 9781420008494
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Hydrate research has expanded substantially over the past decade, resulting in more than 4,000 hydrate-related publications. Collating this vast amount of information into one source, Clathrate Hydrates of Natural Gases, Third Edition presents a thoroughly updated, authoritative, and comprehensive description of all major aspects of natural gas clathrate hydrates. What’s New in the Third Edition? This new edition of a bestseller offers updated information on the clathrate hydrate compounds discovered in the past decade, provides a balance between experimental and theoretical perspectives, and incorporates two software programs that can be downloaded from the CRC press website. It also presents case studies on low dosage hydrate inhibitor prevention and hydrate drilling in nature, phase equilibrium data and kinetic models, and descriptions of the paradigm change in flow assurance to risk management. Other new material discusses the paradigm transition from hydrate reservoir assessment to reservoir production and summarizes the in situ conditions for hydrates in the permafrost and oceans. With this modern account of clathrate hydrates, you will acquire a fresh perspective on both new and old theories and data, hopefully leading you to pursue exciting research directions and practical applications.

Natural Gas Hydrates

Natural Gas Hydrates
Experimental Techniques and Their Applications

by Yuguang Ye,Changling Liu

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-09-11
  • Pages : 404
  • ISBN : 3642311008
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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“Natural Gas Hydrates: Experimental Techniques and Their Applications” attempts to broadly integrate the most recent knowledge in the fields of hydrate experimental techniques in the laboratory. The book examines various experimental techniques in order to provide useful parameters for gas hydrate exploration and exploitation. It provides experimental techniques for gas hydrates, including the detection techniques, the thermo-physical properties, permeability and mechanical properties, geochemical abnormalities, stability and dissociation kinetics, exploitation conditions, as well as modern measurement technologies etc. This book will be of interest to experimental scientists who engage in gas hydrate experiments in the laboratory, and is also intended as a reference work for students concerned with gas hydrate research. Yuguang Ye is a distinguished professor of Experimental Geology at Qingdao Institute of Marine Geology, China Geological Survey, China. Professor Changling Liu works at the Qingdao Institute of Marine Geology, China Geological Survey, China.

Hydrates of Hydrocarbons

Hydrates of Hydrocarbons
A Book

by Iu. F. Makogon,I︠U︡riĭ Fedorovich Makogon,Yuri F. Makogon

  • Publisher : PennWell Books
  • Release : 1997
  • Pages : 482
  • ISBN : 9780878147182
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Hydrates of Hydrocarbons is the first book to address methods of hydrate removal and, most importantly, prevention of hydrate build-up. The book provides solutions formulated for drilling, pipeline, and chemical engineers in both the onshore and offshore environments, as well as educators in advanced petroleum and chemical engineering courses. It also offers timely information on the use of hydrate properties in new technologies and the production of gas from natural gas hydrate deposits.

Natural Gas Hydrates

Natural Gas Hydrates
A Guide for Engineers

by John Carroll

  • Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
  • Release : 2009-07-10
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 9780080570020
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The petroleum industry spends millions of dollars every year to combat the formation of hydrates-the solid, crystalline compounds that form from water and small molecules-that cause problems by plugging transmission lines and damaging equipment. They are a problem in the production, transmission and processing of natural gas, and it is even possible for them to form in the reservoir itself if the conditions are favorable. Natural Gas Hydrates is written for the field engineer working in the natural gas industry. This book explains how, when and where hydrates form, while providing the knowledge necessary to apply remedies in practical applications. New to the second edition, the use of new inhibitors: Kinetic Inhibitors and Anticoagulants and the topic of kinetics of hydrates. How fast do they form? How fast do they melt? New chapters on Hydrates in Nature, hydrates on the seafloor and a new section has also been added regarding the misconceptions about water dew points. Chapters on Hydrate Types and Formers, Computer Methods, Inhibiting Hydrate Formation with Chemicals, Dehydration of Natural Gas and Phase Diagrams Hydrate Dehydration of Natural Gas and Phase Diagrams have been expanded and updated along with the companion website. * Understand what gas hydrates are, how they form and what can be done to combat their formation * Avoid the same problems BP experienced with clogged pipelines * Presents the four most common approaches to evaluate hydrates: heat, depressurization, inhibitor chemicals, and dehydration.

Exploration of Gas Hydrates

Exploration of Gas Hydrates
Geophysical Techniques

by Naresh Kumar Thakur,Sanjeev Rajput

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2010-10-08
  • Pages : 281
  • ISBN : 9783642142345
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Gas hydrates are ice-like crystalline substances that form a rigid cage of water molecules and entrap hydrocarbon and non-hydrocarbon gas by hydrogen bonding. Natural gas hydrate is primarily composed of water and methane. These are solid, crystalline, ice-like substances found in permafrost areas and deepwater basins around the world. They naturally occur in the pore space of marine sediments, where appropriate high pressure and low temperature conditions exist in an adequate supply of gas (mainly methane). Gas hydrates are considered as a potential non conventional energy resource. Methane hydrates are also recognized as, an influence on offshore platform stability, a major factor in climate change contributing to global warming and a significant contribution to the ocean carbon cycle. The proposed book treats various geophysical techniques in order to quantify the gas hydrate reserves and their impact on environment. The primary goal of this book is to provide the state of art for gas hydrate exploration. The target audiences for this book are non-specialist from different branches of science, graduate students and researchers.

Natural Gas Hydrates

Natural Gas Hydrates
Occurrence, Distribution, and Detection

by Charles K. Paull,William P. Dillon

  • Publisher : American Geophysical Union
  • Release : 2001-01-09
  • Pages : 315
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This collection of 19 papers reviews research directions in the geochemistry of gas hydrates and related geophysics. Some of the topics are modeling the global carbon cycle with a gas hydrate capacitor, ion exclusion associated with marine gas hydrate deposits, deep-tow seismic investigations of methane hydrates, and quantitative well-log analysis of in situ natural gas hydrates. Regional studies are presented for Cascadia, the Gulf of Mexico, Blake Ridge, and Peru. The final paper evaluates the potential influence of gas hydrates on seabed installations. No index. c. Book News Inc.

Gas Hydrate

Gas Hydrate
Environmental and Climate Impacts

by Umberta Tinivella,Michela Giustiniani,Ivan De La Cruz Vargas Cordero,Atanas Vasilev

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2019-11-28
  • Pages : 182
  • ISBN : 3039218441
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This Special Issue reports research spanning from the analysis of indirect data, modeling, and laboratory and geological data confirming the intrinsic multidisciplinarity of gas hydrate studies. The study areas are (1) Arctic, (2) Brazil, (3) Chile, and (4) the Mediterranean region. The results furnished an important tessera of the knowledge about the relationship of a gas hydrate system with other complex natural phenomena such as climate change, slope stability and earthquakes, and human activities.

Submarine Landslides and Tsunamis

Submarine Landslides and Tsunamis
A Book

by Ahmet C. Yalçiner,Efim N. Pelinovsky,Emile Okal,Costas E. Synolakis

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 328
  • ISBN : 9401002053
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Tsunamis are water waves triggered by impulsive geologic events such as sea floor deformation, landslides, slumps, subsidence, volcanic eruptions and bolide impacts. Tsunamis can inflict significant damage and casualties both nearfield and after evolving over long propagation distances and impacting distant coastlines. Tsunamis can also effect geomorphologic changes along the coast. Understanding tsunami generation and evolution is of paramount importance for protecting coastal population at risk, coastal structures and the natural environment. Accurately and reliably predicting the initial waveform and the associated coastal effects of tsunamis remains one of the most vexing problems in geophysics, and -with few exceptions- has resisted routine numerical computation or data collection solutions. While ten years ago, it was believed that the generation problem was adequately understood for useful predictions, it is now clear that it is not, especially nearfield. By contrast, the runup problem earlier believed intractable is now well understood for all but the most extreme breaking wave events.

Gas Hydrates and Their Relation to the Operation of Natural-gas Pipe Lines

Gas Hydrates and Their Relation to the Operation of Natural-gas Pipe Lines
A Book

by W. M. Deaton,E. M. Frost

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1948
  • Pages : 101
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Gas Hydrates

Gas Hydrates
Immense Energy Potential and Environmental Challenges

by Carlo Giavarini,Keith Hester

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2011-09-06
  • Pages : 178
  • ISBN : 9780857299567
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Gas hydrates are both a huge energy resource and an environmental challenge. They have a significant impact on society because of their applications to the future of energy, protection of the environment and fuel transportation. Gas Hydrates opens up this fascinating, multidisciplinary field to non-specialists. It provides a scientific study of gas hydrates that considers their potential as an energy source while assessing the possible risk to the environment. The authors also examine the feasibility of using these natural compounds for storing and transporting gases such as methane and carbon dioxide. Diagrams and photos are used throughout Gas Hydrates to help readers understand the scientific and technical content. Each section has been designed so it can be read independently by academics and professionals in the oil and gas industry, as well as by all those with an interest in how hydrates combine to be an energy resource, an industrial challange and a geological hazard.

Gas Hydrates 2

Gas Hydrates 2
Geoscience Issues and Potential Industrial Applications

by Livio Ruffine,Daniel Broseta,Arnaud Desmedt

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2018-06-19
  • Pages : 382
  • ISBN : 1786302217
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Gas hydrates in their natural environment and for potential industrial applications (Volume 2).

Gas Hydrates 1

Gas Hydrates 1
Fundamentals, Characterization and Modeling

by Daniel Broseta,Livio Ruffine,Arnaud Desmedt

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2017-06-29
  • Pages : 302
  • ISBN : 1119427436
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Gas hydrates, or clathrate hydrates, are crystalline solids resembling ice, in which small (guest) molecules, typically gases, are trapped inside cavities formed by hydrogen-bonded water (host) molecules. They form and remain stable under low temperatures – often well below ambient conditions – and high pressures ranging from a few bar to hundreds of bar, depending on the guest molecule. Their presence is ubiquitous on Earth, in deep-marine sediments and in permafrost regions, as well as in outer space, on planets or comets. In addition to water, they can be synthesized with organic species as host molecules, resulting in milder stability conditions: these are referred to as semi-clathrate hydrates. Clathrate and semi-clathrate hydrates are being considered for applications as diverse as gas storage and separation, cold storage and transport and water treatment. This book is the first of two edited volumes, with chapters on the experimental and modeling tools used for characterizing and predicting the unique molecular, thermodynamic and kinetic properties of gas hydrates (Volume 1) and on gas hydrates in their natural environment and for potential industrial applications (Volume 2).

Energy from Gas Hydrates: Assessing the Opportunities and Challenges for Canada

Energy from Gas Hydrates: Assessing the Opportunities and Challenges for Canada
A Book

by Council of Canadian Academies

  • Publisher : Council of CanadianAcademies
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 18
  • ISBN : 1926558022
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advanced Natural Gas Engineering

Advanced Natural Gas Engineering
A Book

by Xiuli Wang,Michael Economides

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2013-11-25
  • Pages : 368
  • ISBN : 0127999949
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Natural gas is playing an increasing role in meeting world energy demands because of its abundance, versatility, and its clean burning nature. As a result, lots of new gas exploration, field development and production activities are under way, especially in places where natural gas until recently was labeled as “stranded . Because a significant portion of natural gas reserves worldwide are located across bodies of water, gas transportation in the form of LNG or CNG becomes an issue as well. Finally natural gas is viewed in comparison to the recently touted alternatives. Therefore, there is a need to have a book covering all the unique aspects and challenges related to natural gas from the upstream to midstream and downstream. All these new issues have not been addressed in depth in any existing book. To bridge the gap, Xiuli Wang and Michael Economides have written a new book called Advanced Natural Gas Engineering. This book will serve as a reference for all engineers and professionals in the energy business. It can also be a textbook for students in petroleum and chemical engineering curricula and in training departments for a large group of companies.