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Natural Hazards and Human-Exacerbated Disasters in Latin America

Natural Hazards and Human-Exacerbated Disasters in Latin America
Special Volumes of Geomorphology

by Edgardo Latrubesse

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2009-09-10
  • Pages : 550
  • ISBN : 9780080932187
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The main objective of the book is to offer a vision of the dynamics of the main disasters in South America, describing their mechanisms and consequences on South American societies. The chapters are written by selected specialists of each country. Human-induced disasters are also included, such as desertification in Patagonia and soil erosion in Brazil. The receding of South-American glaciers as a response to recent climatic trends and sea-level scenarios are discussed. The approach is broad in analyzing causes and consequences and includes social and economic costs, discussing environmental and planning problems, but always describing the geomorphologic/geologic involved processes with a good scientific substantiation. This is important to differentiate the book from others of a more 'social' impact that discuss risks and disasters with emphases mainly on economy and simple impacts. Actual theme, interesting for a variety of professionals Fills in the scarcity of specialized literature in geosciences from South America The first book in the market exclusively devoted to geomorphology of disasters in South America

The Anthropology of Disasters in Latin America

The Anthropology of Disasters in Latin America
State of the Art

by Virginia García-Acosta

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2019-12-20
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN : 0429015178
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book offers anthropological insights into disasters in Latin America. It fills a gap in the literature by bringing together national and regional perspectives in the study of disasters. The book essentially explores the emergence and development of anthropological studies of disasters. It adopts a methodological approach based on ethnography, participant observation, and field research to assess the social and historical constructions of disasters and how these are perceived by people of a certain region. This regional perspective helps assess long-term dynamics, regional capacities, and regional-global interactions on disaster sites. With chapters written by prominent Latin American anthropologists, this book also considers the role of the state and other nongovernmental organizations in managing disasters and the specific conditions of each country, relative to a greater or lesser incidence of disastrous events. Globalizing the existing literature on disasters with a focus on Latin America, this book offers multidisciplinary insights that will be of interest to academics and students of geography, anthropology, sociology, and political science.

Soil Erosion

Soil Erosion
Studies

by Danilo Godone,Silvia Stanchi

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2011-11-21
  • Pages : 334
  • ISBN : 9533077107
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Soil erosion affects a large part of the Earth surface, and accelerated soil erosion is recognized as one of the main soil threats, compromising soil productive and protective functions. The land management in areas affected by soil erosion is a relevant issue for landscape and ecosystems preservation. In this book we collected a series of papers on erosion, not focusing on agronomic implications, but on a variety of other relevant aspects of the erosion phenomena. The book is divided into three sections: i) various implications of land management in arid and semiarid ecosystems, ii) erosion modeling and experimental studies; iii) other applications (e.g. geoscience, engineering). The book covers a wide range of erosion-related themes from a variety of points of view (assessment, modeling, mitigation, best practices etc.).

Climate Change Adaptation in Latin America

Climate Change Adaptation in Latin America
Managing Vulnerability, Fostering Resilience

by Walter Leal Filho,Leonardo Esteves de Freitas

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-10-19
  • Pages : 537
  • ISBN : 3319569465
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book showcases experiences from research, field projects and best practice in climate change adaptation in countries in the Latin American region, focusing on managing vulnerability and fostering resilience. It includes a selection of papers presented at a specialist symposium on climate change adaptation held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in November 2016.Consistent with the need for more cross-sectoral interaction among the various stakeholders working in the field of climate change adaptation in Latin America, the book documents and disseminates the wealth of experiences in the region. It is divided into two main parts: Part 1 addresses the current and future impacts of climate change on fauna, flora and landscapes, while Part 2 is concerned with the socio-economic aspects of climate change adaptation, analyzing some of the main problems prevailing in this vulnerable region and examining ways to address them.

Natural Disasters

Natural Disasters
A Book

by Sorin Cheval

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2012-03-02
  • Pages : 168
  • ISBN : 9535101889
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The crossroads between a more and more populated human communities and their changing environment pose different challenges than ever before. Therefore, any attempt to identify and deliver possible solutions is more than welcome. The book Natural Disasters addresses the needs of various users, interested in a better understanding of hazards and their more efficient management. It is a scientific enterprise tackling a variety of natural hazards potentially deriving into disasters, i.e. tropical storms, avalanches, coastal floods. The case studies presented cover different geographical areas, and they comprise mechanisms for being transferred to other spots and circumstances. Hopefully, the book will be beneficial to those who invest their efforts in building communities resilient to natural disasters.

The British National Bibliography

The British National Bibliography
A Book

by Arthur James Wells

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation

Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation
Special Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

by Christopher B. Field,Vicente Barros,Thomas F. Stocker,Qin Dahe

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2012-05-28
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 1107380103
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Special Report (IPCC-SREX) explores the challenge of understanding and managing the risks of climate extremes to advance climate change adaptation. Extreme weather and climate events, interacting with exposed and vulnerable human and natural systems, can lead to disasters. Changes in the frequency and severity of the physical events affect disaster risk, but so do the spatially diverse and temporally dynamic patterns of exposure and vulnerability. Some types of extreme weather and climate events have increased in frequency or magnitude, but populations and assets at risk have also increased, with consequences for disaster risk. Opportunities for managing risks of weather- and climate-related disasters exist or can be developed at any scale, local to international. Prepared following strict IPCC procedures, SREX is an invaluable assessment for anyone interested in climate extremes, environmental disasters and adaptation to climate change, including policymakers, the private sector and academic researchers.

Ecosystems and Human Well-Being

Ecosystems and Human Well-Being
Our Human Planet: Summary for Decision Makers

by Millennium Ecosystem Assessment

  • Publisher : Millennium Ecosystem Assessmen
  • Release : 2005-12-14
  • Pages : 109
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Our Human Planet summarizes the findings of the four working groups and serves as a reference guide to the four main volumes in the MA series. It presents the key findings of each of the working groups, and meets the needs of policy makers and other professionals. The summary also provides an overview of the framework used by the assessment, and will serve as a guide for assessment, planning, and management for the future.

Populations at Risk of Disaster

Populations at Risk of Disaster
A Resettlement Guide

by Elena Correa,Haris Sanahuja,Fernando Ramirez

  • Publisher : World Bank
  • Release : 2011-07-14
  • Pages : 168
  • ISBN : 9780821387733
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"This book is designed for governments that make decisions on the application of preventive resettlement programs a disaster risk reduction measures, as well as for institutions and professionals in charge of preparing and implementing these programs, civil society organizations participating in resettlement and risk reduction processes, and at-risk communities. The basic premises of the guide are that resettlement as a preventive measure should be incorporated in comprehensive risk reduction strategies in order to be effect; and that resettlement's objective is to protect the lives and assets of persons at risk and to improve or at least restore their living conditions"--P. x.

Yearbook

Yearbook
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1990
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Earth's Natural Forces

The Earth's Natural Forces
A Book

by Visiting Professor University of Southampton and Emeritus Professor Kenneth J Gregory

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release : 1990
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A handbook of the natural forces of the earth--climate, rivers, oceans, glaciers, earthquakes, and volcanoes--and the ways in which they shape the earth.

A World Safe from Natural Disasters

A World Safe from Natural Disasters
The Journey of Latin America and the Caribbean

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1994
  • Pages : 112
  • ISBN : 9789275121146
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This publication is a comprehensive look at how the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean have dealt with the enormous and recurring impact of natural disasters on their lives and fragile economies. Published as a contribution from this Region to the World Conference on Natural Disaster Reduction in 1994, the book traces the transition from an era of improvised response and poorly coordinated international assistance to the more aggressive stance on disaster preparedness and prevention taken in many countries today.--Publisher's description.

Is Geography Destiny?

Is Geography Destiny?
Lessons from Latin America

by John Luke Gallup,Alejandro Gaviria,Eduardo Lora

  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Release : 2003-08-04
  • Pages : 186
  • ISBN : 0821383671
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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For decades, the prevailing sentiment was that, since geography is unchangeable, there is no reason why public policies should take it into account. In fact, charges that geographic interpretations of development were deterministic, or even racist, made the subject a virtual taboo in academic and policymaking circles alike. 'Is Geography Destiny?' challenges that premise and joins a growing body of literature studying the links between geography and development. Focusing on Latin America, the book argues that based on a better understanding of geography, public policy can help control or channel its influence toward the goals of economic and social development.

Health at a Glance: Latin America and the Caribbean 2020

Health at a Glance: Latin America and the Caribbean 2020
A Book

by OECD,The World Bank

  • Publisher : OECD Publishing
  • Release : 2020-06-16
  • Pages : 134
  • ISBN : 9264835245
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Health at a Glance: Latin America and the Caribbean 2020 presents key indicators on health and health systems in 33 Latin America and the Caribbean countries. This first Health at a Glance publication to cover the Latin America and the Caribbean region was prepared jointly by OECD and the World Bank.

Disaster, Planning and Development

Disaster, Planning and Development
Managing Natural Hazards to Reduce Loss

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Organization of American States
  • Release : 1990
  • Pages : 80
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Habitat Debate

Habitat Debate
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1999
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Ecosystems, Livelihoods and Disasters

Ecosystems, Livelihoods and Disasters
An Integrated Approach to Disaster Risk Management

by Karen Sudmeier-Rieux,Hillary Masundire,Ali Rizvi,CARE/International,IUCN Commission on Ecosystem Management

  • Publisher : IUCN
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 57
  • ISBN : 9782831709284
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Vulnerability to natural disasters continues to increase, severely compromising the achievement of poverty alleviation goals in many developing countries. A more effective approach is needed to reduce the impacts of these disasters. This publication proposes an approach that integrates ecosystem management, development planning and risk reduction strategies to reduce disaster impacts and improve both livelihoods and biodiversity outcomes.

Natural Hazards

Natural Hazards
A Book

by Edward Bryant

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2005-02-21
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 1139441108
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Natural hazards afflict all corners of the Earth; often unexpected, seemingly unavoidable and frequently catastrophic in their impact. This revised edition is a comprehensive, inter-disciplinary treatment of the full range of natural hazards. Accessible, readable and well supported by over 180 maps, diagrams and photographs, it is a standard text for students and an invaluable guide for professionals in the field. Clearly and concisely, the author describes and explains how hazards occur, examines prediction methods, considers recent and historical hazard events and explores the social impact of such disasters. This revised edition, first published in 2005, makes good use of the wealth of recent research into climate change and its effects.

Cities in a Globalizing World

Cities in a Globalizing World
Global Report on Human Settlements 2001

by Un-Habitat,United Nations Centre for Human Settlements,ANONIMO,Centre des Nations Unies pour les établissements humains

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2001
  • Pages : 344
  • ISBN : 9781853838064
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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'The world has entered the urban millennium. Nearly half the world's people are now city dwellers, and the rapid increase in urban population is expected to continue, mainly in developing countries. This historic transition is being further propelled by the powerful forces of globalization. The central challenge for the international community is clear: to make both urbanization and globalization work for all people, instead of leaving billions behind or on the margins. Cities in a Globalizing World: Global Report on Human Settlements is a comprehensive review of conditions in the world's cities and the prospects for making them better, safer places to live in an age of globalization. I hope that it will provide all stakeholders - foremost among them the urban poor themselves - with reliable and timely information with which to set our policies right and get the machinery of urban life moving in a constructive direction.' From the Foreword by Kofi Annan, Secretary-General, United Nations. Cities in a Globalizing World presents a comprehensive review of the world's cities and analyses the positive and negative impacts on human settlements of the global trends towards social and economic integration and the rapid changes in information and communication technologies. In this Global Report, the United Nations Centre for Human Settlements (Habitat) draws on specially commissioned and contributed background papers from more than 80 leading international specialists. The report focuses on recent trends in human settlements and their implications for poverty, inequity and social polarization. It develops advance knowledge for urban planning and management policies in support and promotion of inclusive cities and good urban governance. This major and influential report is the most authoritative and up-to-date assessment of human settlements conditions and trends. Written in clear, non-technical language and supported by informative graphics, case studies and extensive statistical data, it should be an essential tool and reference for academics, researchers, planners, public authorities and civil society organizations around the world.

Biological and Environmental Hazards, Risks, and Disasters

Biological and Environmental Hazards, Risks, and Disasters
A Book

by Ramesh Sivanpillai

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2015-11-17
  • Pages : 492
  • ISBN : 0123964717
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biological and Environmental Hazards, Risks, and Disasters provides an integrated look at major impacts to the Earth’s biosphere. Many of these are caused by diseases, algal blooms, insects, animals, species extinction, deforestation, land degradation, and comet and asteroid strikes that have important implications for humans. This volume, from Elsevier’s Hazards and Disasters Series, provides an in-depth view of threats, ranging from microscopic organisms to celestial objects. Perspectives from both natural and social sciences provide an in-depth understanding of potential impacts. Contributions from expert ecologists, environmental, biological, and agricultural scientists, and public health specialists selected by a world-renowned editorial board Presents the latest research on damages, causality, economic impacts, fatality rates, and preparedness and mitigation Contains tables, maps, diagrams, illustrations, and photographs of hazardous processes