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Network Functions and Plasticity

Network Functions and Plasticity
Perspectives from Studying Neuronal Electrical Coupling in Microcircuits

by Jian Jing

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2017-04-11
  • Pages : 392
  • ISBN : 0128034998
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Network Functions and Plasticity: Perspectives from Studying Neuronal Electrical Coupling in Microcircuits focuses on the specific roles of electrical coupling in tractable, well-defined circuits, highlighting current research that offers novel insights for electrical coupling‘s roles in sensory and motor functions, neural computations, decision-making, regulation of network activity, circuit development, and learning and memory. Bringing together a diverse group of international experts and their contributions using a variety of approaches to study different invertebrate and vertebrate model systems with a focus on the role of electrical coupling/gap junctions in microcircuits, this book presents a timely contribution for students and researchers alike. Provides an easy-to-read introduction on neural circuits of the model system Focuses on the specific roles of electrical coupling in tractable, well-defined circuits Includes recent discoveries and findings that are presented in the context of historical background Outlines outstanding issues and future research in the field

Alterations of Synaptic Plasticity and Network Functions in APP and APLP-deficient Mice

Alterations of Synaptic Plasticity and Network Functions in APP and APLP-deficient Mice
A Book

by Ulrike Herrmann

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2015
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Plasticity of Cortical Network Dynamics

Plasticity of Cortical Network Dynamics
A Book

by Hope Amy Johnson

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 204
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Neuronal Network Research Horizons

Neuronal Network Research Horizons
A Book

by Martin L. Weiss

  • Publisher : Nova Publishers
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 330
  • ISBN : 9781600214851
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In neuroscience, a neural network is a bit of conceptual juggernaut: the conceptual transition from neuroanatomy, a rigorously descriptive discipline of observed structure, to the designation of the parameters delimiting a 'network' can be problematic. In outline a neural network describes a population of physically interconnected neurons or a group of disparate neurons whose inputs or signalling targets define a recognisable circuit. Communication between neurons often involves an electrochemical process. The interface through which they interact with surrounding neurons usually consists of several dendrites (input connections), which are connected via synapses to other neurons, and one axon (output connection). If the sum of the input signals surpasses a certain threshold, the neuron sends an action potential (AP) at the axon hillock and transmits this electrical signal along the axon. This important book presents the latest research in this field.

Molecular Kinesis in Cellular Function and Plasticity

Molecular Kinesis in Cellular Function and Plasticity
A Book

by Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 2002
  • Pages : 116
  • ISBN : 0309074258
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Cognitive Plasticity in Neurologic Disorders

Cognitive Plasticity in Neurologic Disorders
A Book

by Joseph I Tracy,Benjamin M Hampstead,K. Sathian

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2014-11-04
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN : 0190205466
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Cognitive Plasticity in Neurologic Disorders describes and specifies the cognitive impact of neuroplastic processes in key neurologic disorders and syndromes. It is set apart from previous works in this area by its emphasis on the changing quality of neurocognition, demonstrating that this dynamic nature emerges from the neuroplastic processes at work in both mild and severe states of brain disease or injury. This resource describes the ways neurological illness or trauma (or attempts to treat patients with such conditions) can trigger neuroplastic mechanisms in the brain, inducing cognitive reorganization and remapping of brain networks. Each chapter shows how the cognitive and behavioral presentation of the disorder mirrors the changing neurobiologic context, and displays the numerous techniques being employed (e.g. behavior and rehabilitation therapies, electrical stimulation, and computer/machine neuromodulation of brain signals) underlying the neurobiology in ways that facilitate adaptive plasticity and cognitive recovery. An important feature of the book involves characterizing the degree to which the mechanistic principles governing neuroplastic responses and cognitive reorganization in the brain have been elucidated, making clear that it is these principles which will allow us to further develop rational rehabilitative therapies, match patients to appropriate treatments, and even begin to predict clinical treatment outcomes.

Anatomy and Plasticity in Large-Scale Brain Models

Anatomy and Plasticity in Large-Scale Brain Models

by Markus Butz,Wolfram Schenck,Arjen van Ooyen

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2017-01-05
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 2889450651
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Supercomputing facilities are becoming increasingly available for simulating activity dynamics in large-scale neuronal networks. On today's most advanced supercomputers, networks with up to a billion of neurons can be readily simulated. However, building biologically realistic, full-scale brain models requires more than just a huge number of neurons. In addition to network size, the detailed local and global anatomy of neuronal connections is of crucial importance. Moreover, anatomical connectivity is not fixed, but can rewire throughout life (structural plasticity)—an aspect that is missing in most current network models, in which plasticity is confined to changes in synaptic strength (synaptic plasticity). The papers in this Ebook, which may broadly be divided into three themes, aim to bring together high-performance computing with recent experimental and computational research in neuroanatomy. In the first theme (fiber connectivity), new methods are described for measuring and data-basing microscopic and macroscopic connectivity. In the second theme (structural plasticity), novel models are introduced that incorporate morphological plasticity and rewiring of anatomical connections. In the third theme (large-scale simulations), simulations of large-scale neuronal networks are presented with an emphasis on anatomical detail and plasticity mechanisms. Together, the articles in this Ebook make the reader aware of the methods and models by which large-scale brain networks running on supercomputers can be extended to include anatomical detail and plasticity.

Learning and Memory

Learning and Memory
A Comprehensive Reference

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Neuronal Networks in Brain Function, CNS Disorders, and Therapeutics

Neuronal Networks in Brain Function, CNS Disorders, and Therapeutics
A Book

by Carl Faingold,Hal Blumenfeld

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2013-12-26
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN : 0124158641
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Neuronal Networks in Brain Function, CNS Disorders, and Therapeutics, edited by two leaders in the field, offers a current and complete review of what we know about neural networks. How the brain accomplishes many of its more complex tasks can only be understood via study of neuronal network control and network interactions. Large networks can undergo major functional changes, resulting in substantially different brain function and affecting everything from learning to the potential for epilepsy. With chapters authored by experts in each topic, this book advances the understanding of: How the brain carries out important tasks via networks How these networks interact in normal brain function Major mechanisms that control network function The interaction of the normal networks to produce more complex behaviors How brain disorders can result from abnormal interactions How therapy of disorders can be advanced through this network approach This book will benefit neuroscience researchers and graduate students with an interest in networks, as well as clinicians in neuroscience, pharmacology, and psychiatry dealing with neurobiological disorders. Utilizes perspectives and tools from various neuroscience subdisciplines (cellular, systems, physiologic), making the volume broadly relevant Chapters explore normal network function and control mechanisms, with an eye to improving therapies for brain disorders Reflects predominant disciplinary shift from an anatomical to a functional perspective of the brain Edited work with chapters authored by leaders in the field around the globe – the broadest, most expert coverage available

Philosophical Transactions

Philosophical Transactions
Biological sciences

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Each issue of Transactions B is devoted to a specific area of the biological sciences, including clinical science. All papers are peer reviewed and edited to the highest standards. Published on the 29th of each month, Transactions B is essential reading for all biologists.

Neuroplasticity

Neuroplasticity
Insights of Neural Reorganization

by Victor Chaban

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2018-06-06
  • Pages : 204
  • ISBN : 1789231949
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides comprehensive and up-to-date insights into emerging research trends on neuroplasticity with current or future treatments for neurodevelopment and neurodegenerative diseases. The authors discuss structural and functional changes associated with cortical remapping, sensory substitution, synaptic and non-synaptic compensatory plasticity due to brain damage, brain training, chronic pain, meditation, music, exercise and related states. Key features include pathogenesis, and existing and new therapies together with a pharmacological and non-pharmacological approach in clinical treatment and management. The authors are established experts that contributed significantly to a better understanding of the etiology of neuroplasticity. This book is recommended to healthcare providers, clinical scientists, students and patients.

Neural Models of Plasticity

Neural Models of Plasticity
Experimental and Theoretical Approaches

by John H. Byrne,William O. Berry

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2013-10-22
  • Pages : 454
  • ISBN : 148321687X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Neural Models of Plasticity: Experimental and Theoretical Approaches is an outgrowth of a conference that was held at Woods Hole, Massachusetts, in the spring of 1987. The purpose of that conference was to review recent developments in both areas and to foster communication between those researchers pursuing theoretical approaches and those pursuing more empirical approaches. Contributions have been solicited from individuals who represent both ends of the spectrum of approaches as well as those using a combination of the two. These indicate that our knowledge of the plastic capabilities of the nervous system is accelerating rapidly due to rapid advances in the understanding of basic subcellular and molecular mechanisms of plasticity, and because of the computational capabilities and plastic properties that emerge from neural networks and assemblies. The book contains 19 chapters and opens with a study on the role of the neuromodulator in associative learning of the marine mollusk Hermissend. Subsequent chapters examine topics such as learning and memory in Aplysia; the Hebb rule for synaptic plasticity; olfactory processing and associative memory in the mollusk Limax maximus; simulation of a classically conditioned response; and the neural substrates of memory, focusing on the role of the hippocampus.

Inhibitory Synaptic Plasticity

Inhibitory Synaptic Plasticity
A Book

by Melanie A. Woodin,Arianna Maffei

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2010-11-02
  • Pages : 187
  • ISBN : 9781441969781
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume will explore the most recent findings on cellular mechanisms of inhibitory plasticity and its functional role in shaping neuronal circuits, their rewiring in response to experience, drug addiction and in neuropathology. Inhibitory Synaptic Plasticity will be of particular interest to neuroscientists and neurophysiologists.

Biomedical Index to PHS-supported Research

Biomedical Index to PHS-supported Research
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1992
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Natural & Artificial Parallel Computation

Natural & Artificial Parallel Computation
Proceedings of the Fifth NEC Research Symposium

by David L. Waltz

  • Publisher : SIAM
  • Release : 1996-01-01
  • Pages : 202
  • ISBN : 9780898713572
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The volume begins with processing in biological organisms, moves through interactions between processing in biology and computer science, and ends with massively parallel computing. It contains articles by scientists exploring the modeling of biological systems on computers and computer designers interested in exploiting massive numbers of computing elements in parallel.

Translational Research in Traumatic Brain Injury

Translational Research in Traumatic Brain Injury
A Book

by Daniel Laskowitz,Gerald Grant

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2015-12-01
  • Pages : 412
  • ISBN : 1498766579
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Traumatic brain injury (TBI) remains a significant source of death and permanent disability, contributing to nearly one-third of all injury related deaths in the United States and exacting a profound personal and economic toll. Despite the increased resources that have recently been brought to bear to improve our understanding of TBI, the development of new diagnostic and therapeutic approaches has been disappointingly slow. Translational Research in Traumatic Brain Injury attempts to integrate expertise from across specialties to address knowledge gaps in the field of TBI. Its chapters cover a wide scope of TBI research in five broad areas: Epidemiology Pathophysiology Diagnosis Current treatment strategies and sequelae Future therapies Specific topics discussed include the societal impact of TBI in both the civilian and military populations, neurobiology and molecular mechanisms of axonal and neuronal injury, biomarkers of traumatic brain injury and their relationship to pathology, neuroplasticity after TBI, neuroprotective and neurorestorative therapy, advanced neuroimaging of mild TBI, neurocognitive and psychiatric symptoms following mild TBI, sports-related TBI, epilepsy and PTSD following TBI, and more. The book integrates the perspectives of experts across disciplines to assist in the translation of new ideas to clinical practice and ultimately to improve the care of the brain injured patient.

The American Naturalist

The American Naturalist
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2005
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Neuronal Networks in Brain Function, CNS Disorders, and Therapeutics

Neuronal Networks in Brain Function, CNS Disorders, and Therapeutics
A Book

by Carl Faingold,Hal Blumenfeld

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2013-12-26
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN : 0124158641
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Neuronal Networks in Brain Function, CNS Disorders, and Therapeutics, edited by two leaders in the field, offers a current and complete review of what we know about neural networks. How the brain accomplishes many of its more complex tasks can only be understood via study of neuronal network control and network interactions. Large networks can undergo major functional changes, resulting in substantially different brain function and affecting everything from learning to the potential for epilepsy. With chapters authored by experts in each topic, this book advances the understanding of: How the brain carries out important tasks via networks How these networks interact in normal brain function Major mechanisms that control network function The interaction of the normal networks to produce more complex behaviors How brain disorders can result from abnormal interactions How therapy of disorders can be advanced through this network approach This book will benefit neuroscience researchers and graduate students with an interest in networks, as well as clinicians in neuroscience, pharmacology, and psychiatry dealing with neurobiological disorders. Utilizes perspectives and tools from various neuroscience subdisciplines (cellular, systems, physiologic), making the volume broadly relevant Chapters explore normal network function and control mechanisms, with an eye to improving therapies for brain disorders Reflects predominant disciplinary shift from an anatomical to a functional perspective of the brain Edited work with chapters authored by leaders in the field around the globe – the broadest, most expert coverage available

American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine

American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Theory of Cortical Plasticity

Theory of Cortical Plasticity
A Book

by Leon N. Cooper

  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 308
  • ISBN : 9789812387912
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This invaluable book presents a theory of cortical plasticity and shows how this theory leads to experiments that test both its assumptions and consequences. It elucidates, in a manner that is accessible to students as well as researchers, the role which the BCM theory has played in guiding research and suggesting experiments that have led to our present understanding of the mechanisms underlying cortical plasticity. Most of the connections between theory and experiment that are discussed require complex simulations. A unique feature of the book is the accompanying software package, Plasticity. This is provided complete with source code, and enables the reader to repeat any of the simulations quoted in the book as well as to vary either parameters or assumptions. Plasticity is thus a research and an educational tool. Readers can use it to obtain hands-on knowledge of the structure of BCM and various other learning algorithms. They can check and replicate our results as well as test algorithms andrefinements of their own.