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Network Functions and Plasticity

Network Functions and Plasticity
Perspectives from Studying Neuronal Electrical Coupling in Microcircuits

by Jian Jing

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2017-04-11
  • Pages : 392
  • ISBN : 0128034998
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Network Functions and Plasticity: Perspectives from Studying Neuronal Electrical Coupling in Microcircuits focuses on the specific roles of electrical coupling in tractable, well-defined circuits, highlighting current research that offers novel insights for electrical coupling‘s roles in sensory and motor functions, neural computations, decision-making, regulation of network activity, circuit development, and learning and memory. Bringing together a diverse group of international experts and their contributions using a variety of approaches to study different invertebrate and vertebrate model systems with a focus on the role of electrical coupling/gap junctions in microcircuits, this book presents a timely contribution for students and researchers alike. Provides an easy-to-read introduction on neural circuits of the model system Focuses on the specific roles of electrical coupling in tractable, well-defined circuits Includes recent discoveries and findings that are presented in the context of historical background Outlines outstanding issues and future research in the field

Plasticity of Cortical Network Dynamics

Plasticity of Cortical Network Dynamics
A Book

by Hope Amy Johnson

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 204
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Homeostatic and Retrograde Signaling Mechanisms Modulating Presynaptic Function and Plasticity

Homeostatic and Retrograde Signaling Mechanisms Modulating Presynaptic Function and Plasticity

by Michael A. Sutton,Dion Dickman

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2016-01-06
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 2889197042
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Activity within neural circuits shapes the synaptic properties of component neurons in a manner that maintains stable excitatory drive, a process referred to as homeostatic plasticity. These potent and adaptive mechanisms have been demonstrated to modulate activity at the level of an individual neuron, synapse, circuit, or entire network, and dysregulation at some or all of these levels may contribute to neuropsychiatric disorders, intellectual disability, and epilepsy. Greater mechanistic understanding of homeostatic plasticity will provide key insights into the etiology of these disorders, which may result from network instability and synaptic dysfunction. Over the past 15 years, the molecular mechanisms of this form of plasticity have been intensely studied in various model organisms, including invertebrates and vertebrates. Though once thought to have a predominantly postsynaptic basis, emerging evidence suggests that homeostatic mechanisms act on both sides of the synapse through mechanisms such as retrograde signaling, to orchestrate compensatory adaptations that maintain stable network function. These trans-synaptic signaling systems ultimately alter neurotransmitter release probability by a variety of mechanisms including changes in vesicle pool size and calcium influx. These adaptations are not expected to occur homogenously at all terminals of a pre-synaptic neuron, as they might synapse with neurons in non-overlapping circuits. However, the factors that govern the homeostatic control of synapse-specific plasticity are only beginning to be understood. In addition to our limited molecular understanding of pre-synaptic homeostatic plasticity, very little is known about its prevalence in vivo or its physiological and disease relevance. In this research topic, we aim to fill the aforementioned void by covering a broad range of topics that include: - Identification of signaling pathways and mechanisms that operate globally or locally to induce specific pre-synaptic adaptations - The nature of pre-synaptic ion channels relevant to this form of plasticity and their synapse-specific modulation and trafficking - Development and utilization of new tools or methods to study homeostatic plasticity in axons and pre-synaptic terminals - Novel mechanisms of homeostatic adaptations in pre-synaptic neurons - Postsynaptic sensors of activity and retrograde synaptic signaling systems - A comprehensive analysis of the kinds of pre-synaptic adaptations in diverse neural circuits and cell types - Identification of physiological or developmental conditions that promote pre-synaptic homeostatic adaptations - How activity-dependent (Hebbian) and homeostatic synaptic changes are integrated to both permit sufficient flexibility and maintain stable activity - Relevance of pre-synaptic homeostatic plasticity to the etiology of neuropsychiatric disorders - Computational modeling of pre-synaptic homeostatic plasticity and network stability.

The American Naturalist

The American Naturalist
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2005
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Neural Models of Plasticity

Neural Models of Plasticity
Experimental and Theoretical Approaches

by John H. Byrne,William O. Berry

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1989
  • Pages : 438
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Neural Models of Plasticity is an outgrowth of a conference that was held at Woods Hole, Massachusetts, in the spring of 1987. The purpose of that conference was to review recent developments in both theoretical and empirical approaches and foster communication between those researchers pursuing theoretical approaches and those pursuing more empirical approaches. This volume aims to serve a similar purpose. This volume comprises 19 chapters and begins with a discussion of the relationship between associative learning, memory, and neuromodulation in Hermissenda. The next chapters then proceed t ...

American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine

American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Endocannabiniod and Glutamate Receptors in Development and Plasticity of Rat Somatosensory Cortex

Endocannabiniod and Glutamate Receptors in Development and Plasticity of Rat Somatosensory Cortex
A Book

by Kaori Amy Onozuka

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 132
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Synaptic Plasticity in the Piriform Cortex

Synaptic Plasticity in the Piriform Cortex
A Book

by Evan D. Kanter

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1992
  • Pages : 212
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Non-homogeneity in Elasticity and Plasticity

Non-homogeneity in Elasticity and Plasticity
Symposium, Warsaw, September 2-9, 1958

by International Union of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1959
  • Pages : 528
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Integrative Control Functions of the Brain

Integrative Control Functions of the Brain
A Book

by Masao Itō

  • Publisher : Elsevier Science & Technology
  • Release : 1978
  • Pages : 414
  • ISBN : 9780444801937
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Differential Effects of Short- and Long-term Plasticity on Cell Firing

Differential Effects of Short- and Long-term Plasticity on Cell Firing
Experimental and Theoretical Analyses of Excitatory-inhibitory Dynamics in CA1

by Carrie Page Marder

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 318
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Bidirectional plasticity in CA1 pyramidal neurons of the hampster hippocampus

Bidirectional plasticity in CA1 pyramidal neurons of the hampster hippocampus
A Book

by John Badal Piro

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1997
  • Pages : 92
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Understanding Neural Networks and Fuzzy Logic

Understanding Neural Networks and Fuzzy Logic
Basic Concepts and Applications

by Stamatios V. Kartalopoulos

  • Publisher : Wiley-IEEE Press
  • Release : 1996
  • Pages : 205
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Understand the fundamentals of the emerging field of fuzzy neural networks, their applications and the most used paradigms with this carefully organized state-of-the-art textbook. Previously tested at a number of noteworthy conference tutorials, the simple numerical examples presented in this book provide excellent tools for progressive learning. UNDERSTANDING NEURAL NETWORKS AND FUZZY LOGIC offers a simple presentation and bottom-up approach that is ideal for working professional engineers, undergraduates, medical/biology majors, and anyone with a nonspecialist background. Sponsored by: IEEE Neural Networks Council

Up from Dragons

Up from Dragons
The Evolution of Human Intelligence

by John Robert Skoyles,Dorion Sagan

  • Publisher : McGraw-Hill Companies
  • Release : 2002
  • Pages : 417
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Taking its cue from "The Dragons of Eden, " Carl Sagan's 1977 bestselling classic, "Up from Dragons" traces the development of human intelligence back to its animal roots in an attempt to account for the vast differences between our species and all those that came before us.

Computational Plasticity

Computational Plasticity
Fundamentals and Applications : Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Computational Plasticity, Held in Barcelona, Spain 17th-20th March 1997

by David Roger Jones Owen,E. Oñate,Ernest Hinton

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1997
  • Pages : 908
  • ISBN : 9788487867873
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Journal of Experimental Biology

Journal of Experimental Biology
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Journal of Neuroscience

The Journal of Neuroscience
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Role of Neural Plasticity in Chemical Intolerance

The Role of Neural Plasticity in Chemical Intolerance
A Book

by Barbara A. Sorg,Iris Bell

  • Publisher : New York University Press
  • Release : 2001
  • Pages : 331
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Chemical intolerance (CI) including multiple chemical sensitivity is an intriguing problem in environmental health. This volume focuses on neurobiological changes that appear to occur in individuals with CI and seeks to identify mechanisms applicable to the most common symptoms in CI involving the nervous system and to provide up-to-date information in CI in humans. Proceedings of a New York Academy of Sciences June 2000 conference.

Learning and Memory

Learning and Memory
A Comprehensive Reference

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Second-order Effects in Elasticity, Plasticity and Fluid Dynamics

Second-order Effects in Elasticity, Plasticity and Fluid Dynamics
International Symposium, Haifa, Israel, April 23-27, 1962

by International Union of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1964
  • Pages : 795
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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