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Network Neuroscience

Network Neuroscience
A Book

by Flavio Fröhlich

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2016-09-20
  • Pages : 482
  • ISBN : 0128015861
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Studying brain networks has become a truly interdisciplinary endeavor, attracting students and seasoned researchers alike from a wide variety of academic backgrounds. What has been lacking is an introductory textbook that brings together the different fields and provides a gentle introduction to the major concepts and findings in the emerging field of network neuroscience. Network Neuroscience is a one-stop-shop that is of equal use to the neurobiologist, who is interested in understanding the quantitative methods employed in network neuroscience, and to the physicist or engineer, who is interested in neuroscience applications of mathematical and engineering tools. The book spans 27 chapters that cover everything from individual cells all the way to complex network disorders such as depression and autism spectrum disorders. An additional 12 toolboxes provide the necessary background for making network neuroscience accessible independent of the reader’s background. Dr. Flavio Frohlich (www.networkneuroscientist.org) wrote this book based on his experience of mentoring dozens of trainees in the Frohlich Lab, from undergraduate students to senior researchers. The Frohlich lab (www.frohlichlab.org) pursues a unique and integrated vision that combines computer simulations, animal model studies, human studies, and clinical trials with the goal of developing novel brain stimulation treatments for psychiatric disorders. The book is based on a course he teaches at UNC that has attracted trainees from many different departments, including neuroscience, biomedical engineering, psychology, cell biology, physiology, neurology, and psychiatry. Dr. Frohlich has consistently received rave reviews for his teaching. With this book he hopes to make his integrated view of neuroscience available to trainees and researchers on a global scale. His goal is to make the book the training manual for the next generation of (network) neuroscientists, who will be fusing biology, engineering, and medicine to unravel the big questions about the brain and to revolutionize psychiatry and neurology. Easy-to-read, comprehensive introduction to the emerging field of network neuroscience Includes 27 chapters packed with information on topics from single neurons to complex network disorders such as depression and autism Features 12 toolboxes serve as primers to provide essential background knowledge in the fields of biology, mathematics, engineering, and physics

Network Neuroscience

Network Neuroscience
A Book

by Flavio Frohlich

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2016-08-01
  • Pages : 466
  • ISBN : 9780128015605
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Studying brain networks has become a truly interdisciplinary endeavor, attracting students and seasoned researchers alike from a wide variety of academic backgrounds. What has been lacking is an introductory textbook that brings together the different fields and provides a gentle introduction to the major concepts and findings in the emerging field of network neuroscience. "Network Neuroscience" is a one-stop-shop that is of equal use to the neurobiologist, who is interested in understanding the quantitative methods employed in network neuroscience, and to the physicist or engineer, who is interested in neuroscience applications of mathematical and engineering tools. The book spans 27 chapters that cover everything from individual cells all the way to complex network disorders such as depression and autism spectrum disorders. An additional 12 toolboxes provide the necessary background for making network neuroscience accessible independent of the reader s background. Dr. Flavio Frohlich (www.networkneuroscientist.org) wrote this book based on his experience of mentoring dozens of trainees in the Frohlich Lab, from undergraduate students to senior researchers. The Frohlich lab (www.frohlichlab.org) pursues a unique and integrated vision that combines computer simulations, animal model studies, human studies, and clinical trials with the goal of developing novel brain stimulation treatments for psychiatric disorders. The book is based on a course he teaches at UNC that has attracted trainees from many different departments, including neuroscience, biomedical engineering, psychology, cell biology, physiology, neurology, and psychiatry. Dr. Frohlich has consistently received rave reviews for his teaching. With this book he hopes to make his integrated view of neuroscience available to trainees and researchers on a global scale. His goal is to make the book the training manual for the next generation of (network) neuroscientists, who will be fusing biology, engineering, and medicine to unravel the big questions about the brain and to revolutionize psychiatry and neurology. Easy-to-read, comprehensive introduction to the emerging field of network neuroscienceIncludes 27 chapters packed with information on topics from single neurons to complex network disorders such as depression and autismFeatures 12 toolboxes serve as primers to provide essential background knowledge in the fields of biology, mathematics, engineering, and physics"

Current Advances in Affective Neuroscience

Current Advances in Affective Neuroscience
A Book

by Keith Maurice Kendrick,Benjamin Becker,Jiaojian Wang,Maria Bobes

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2020-05-29
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 2889637573
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Changing Connectomes

Changing Connectomes
Evolution, Development, and Dynamics in Network Neuroscience

by Marcus Kaiser

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2020
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9780262360821
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"An overview of how networks develop in the brain; from their emergence during early development to normal aging and in the presence of neurodevelopmental and neurodegenerative disorders"--

The Cognitive Neurosciences

The Cognitive Neurosciences
A Book

by David Poeppel,George R. Mangun,Michael S. Gazzaniga

  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release : 2020-05-12
  • Pages : 1152
  • ISBN : 0262043254
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The sixth edition of the foundational reference on cognitive neuroscience, with entirely new material that covers the latest research, experimental approaches, and measurement methodologies. Each edition of this classic reference has proved to be a benchmark in the developing field of cognitive neuroscience. The sixth edition of The Cognitive Neurosciences continues to chart new directions in the study of the biological underpinnings of complex cognition—the relationship between the structural and physiological mechanisms of the nervous system and the psychological reality of the mind. It offers entirely new material, reflecting recent advances in the field, covering the latest research, experimental approaches, and measurement methodologies. This sixth edition treats such foundational topics as memory, attention, and language, as well as other areas, including computational models of cognition, reward and decision making, social neuroscience, scientific ethics, and methods advances. Over the last twenty-five years, the cognitive neurosciences have seen the development of sophisticated tools and methods, including computational approaches that generate enormous data sets. This volume deploys these exciting new instruments but also emphasizes the value of theory, behavior, observation, and other time-tested scientific habits. Section editors Sarah-Jayne Blakemore and Ulman Lindenberger, Kalanit Grill-Spector and Maria Chait, Tomás Ryan and Charan Ranganath, Sabine Kastner and Steven Luck, Stanislas Dehaene and Josh McDermott, Rich Ivry and John Krakauer, Daphna Shohamy and Wolfram Schultz, Danielle Bassett and Nikolaus Kriegeskorte, Marina Bedny and Alfonso Caramazza, Liina Pylkkänen and Karen Emmorey, Mauricio Delgado and Elizabeth Phelps, Anjan Chatterjee and Adina Roskies

Biomarkers in Psychiatry

Biomarkers in Psychiatry
A Book

by Judith Pratt,Jeremy Hall

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-01-05
  • Pages : 437
  • ISBN : 3319996428
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume addresses one of the Holy Grails in Psychiatry, namely the evidence for and potential to adopt ‘Biomarkers’ for prevention, diagnosis, and treatment responses in mental health conditions. It meshes together state of the art research from international renowned pre-clinical and clinical scientists to illustrate how the fields of anxiety disorders, depression, psychotic disorders, and autism spectrum disorder have advanced in recent years.

The Cambridge Handbook of Intelligence and Cognitive Neuroscience

The Cambridge Handbook of Intelligence and Cognitive Neuroscience
A Book

by Aron K. Barbey,Sherif Karama,Richard J. Haier

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2021-03-31
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 1108573746
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This handbook introduces the reader to the thought-provoking research on the neural foundations of human intelligence. Written for undergraduate or graduate students, practitioners, and researchers in psychology, cognitive neuroscience, and related fields, the chapters summarize research emerging from the rapidly developing neuroscience literature on human intelligence. The volume focusses on theoretical innovation and recent advances in the measurement, modelling, and characterization of the neurobiology of intelligence differences, especially from brain imaging studies. It summarizes fundamental issues in the characterization and measurement of general intelligence, and surveys multidisciplinary research consortia and large-scale data repositories for the study of general intelligence. A systematic review of neuroimaging methods for studying intelligence is provided, including structural and diffusion-weighted MRI techniques, functional MRI methods, and spectroscopic imaging of metabolic markers of intelligence.

Stress and Brain Health: Across the Life Course

Stress and Brain Health: Across the Life Course
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-03-21
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 012816753X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Stress and Brain Health: Across the Life Course, Volume 150, examines up-to-date knowledge on how stress effects brain health. The book's wide-ranging topics include the effects of pre-natal and childhood stress on neurodevelopment and aging. Chapters cover What is stress, how to measure it and effects on brain function, Pre-natal effects of stress on brain development and vulnerability, Stress in childhood, sensitive periods and regulatory mechanisms, The impact of childhood poverty on brain health, Adverse childhood experiences (ACE) on the brain, Stress, aging and epigenetics, The effects of chronic stress on the prefrontal cortex, Neurobiology of resilience to stress, and more. Comprises diverse evidence from world-leading researchers in each area Provides a readily accessible introduction to the topics covered, including basic guidance on stress theory and measurement Essential reading for those in the fields of neuroscience, psychophysiology, psychoneuroendocrinology, health psychology, developmental psychology, neuro-rehabilitation and clinical research

Network Science in Cognitive Psychology

Network Science in Cognitive Psychology
A Book

by Michael S. Vitevitch

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2019-11-26
  • Pages : 204
  • ISBN : 1000740684
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume provides an integrative review of the emerging and increasing use of network science techniques in cognitive psychology, first developed in mathematics, computer science, sociology, and physics. The first resource on network science for cognitive psychologists in a growing international market, Vitevitch and a team of expert contributors provide a comprehensive and accessible overview of this cutting-edge topic. This innovative guide draws on the three traditional pillars of cognitive psychological research–experimental, computational, and neuroscientific–and incorporates the latest findings from neuroimaging. The network perspective is applied to the fundamental domains of cognitive psychology including memory, language, problem-solving, and learning, as well as creativity and human intelligence, highlighting the insights to be gained through applying network science to a wide range of approaches and topics in cognitive psychology Network Science in Cognitive Psychology will be essential reading for all upper-level cognitive psychology students, psychological researchers interested in using network science in their work, and network scientists interested in investigating questions related to cognition. It will also be useful for early career researchers and students in methodology and related courses.

Fundamentals of Brain Network Analysis

Fundamentals of Brain Network Analysis
A Book

by Alex Fornito,Andrew Zalesky,Edward Bullmore

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2016-03-04
  • Pages : 494
  • ISBN : 0124081185
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fundamentals of Brain Network Analysis is a comprehensive and accessible introduction to methods for unraveling the extraordinary complexity of neuronal connectivity. From the perspective of graph theory and network science, this book introduces, motivates and explains techniques for modeling brain networks as graphs of nodes connected by edges, and covers a diverse array of measures for quantifying their topological and spatial organization. It builds intuition for key concepts and methods by illustrating how they can be practically applied in diverse areas of neuroscience, ranging from the analysis of synaptic networks in the nematode worm to the characterization of large-scale human brain networks constructed with magnetic resonance imaging. This text is ideally suited to neuroscientists wanting to develop expertise in the rapidly developing field of neural connectomics, and to physical and computational scientists wanting to understand how these quantitative methods can be used to understand brain organization. Extensively illustrated throughout by graphical representations of key mathematical concepts and their practical applications to analyses of nervous systems Comprehensively covers graph theoretical analyses of structural and functional brain networks, from microscopic to macroscopic scales, using examples based on a wide variety of experimental methods in neuroscience Designed to inform and empower scientists at all levels of experience, and from any specialist background, wanting to use modern methods of network science to understand the organization of the brain

The Cambridge Handbook of the Imagination

The Cambridge Handbook of the Imagination
A Book

by Anna Abraham

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2020-04-30
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 1108659292
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The human imagination manifests in countless different forms. We dream the possible and the impossible. How do we do this so effortlessly? Why did the capacity for imagination evolve and seem to manifest uniquely in our species? This handbook reflects on such questions by collecting perspectives from leading experts. It showcases a rich and detailed analysis on how the imagination is understood across several disciplines of study, including anthropology, archaeology, medicine, neuroscience, psychology, philosophy and the arts. An integrated theoretical-empirical-applied picture of the field is presented, which informs researchers, students and practitioners about the issues of relevance across the board. With each chapter, human imagination is explained - what it entails, how it evolved, and why it singularly defines us as a species.

New Frontiers in Brain

New Frontiers in Brain
Computer Interfaces

by Nawaz Mohamudally,Manish Putteeraj,Seyyed Abed Hosseini

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2020-02-26
  • Pages : 142
  • ISBN : 1838804994
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) sounds comparable to plugging a USB cable into a human brain with a laptop and accessing brain information. However, it is not as simple as it sounds. BCI is a multidisciplinary discipline with an exponential progress parallel to and with Artificial Intelligence for the past decades. Initially started with the Electroencephalography (EEG) analysis, BCI offers practical applications for cortical physiology today. Although BCI outcomes are more perceptible in medicine such as cognitive assessment, neurofeedback, and neuroprosthetic implants, it opens up amazing avenues for the business community through machine learning and robotics. Thought-to-text is one example of a hot topic in BCI. So, it is quite predictable to see BCI for individual usage given the current affordability of platforms for less technologically savvy users as well as BCI integrated within office automation productivity tools. The current trend is towards vulgarization for businesses benefits, by extension to the society at large. Thus, the interest in preparing a book on BCI. This book aims to compile and disseminate the latest research findings and best practices on how BCI is expanding the frontiers of knowledge in clinical practices, on the brain itself, and the underlying technologies.

Patterns of Synchrony in Complex Networks of Adaptively Coupled Oscillators

Patterns of Synchrony in Complex Networks of Adaptively Coupled Oscillators
A Book

by Rico Berner

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 303074938X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Neocortex

The Neocortex
A Book

by Wolf Singer,Terrence J. Sejnowski,Pasko Rakic

  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release : 2019-10-29
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN : 0262043246
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Experts review the latest research on the neocortex and consider potential directions for future research. Over the past decade, technological advances have dramatically increased information on the structural and functional organization of the brain, especially the cerebral cortex. This explosion of data has radically expanded our ability to characterize neural circuits and intervene at increasingly higher resolutions, but it is unclear how this has informed our understanding of underlying mechanisms and processes. In search of a conceptual framework to guide future research, leading researchers address in this volume the evolution and ontogenetic development of cortical structures, the cortical connectome, and functional properties of neuronal circuits and populations. They explore what constitutes “uniquely human” mental capacities and whether neural solutions and computations can be shared across species or repurposed for potentially uniquely human capacities. Contributors Danielle S. Bassett, Randy M. Bruno, Elizabeth A. Buffalo, Michael E. Coulter, Hermann Cuntz, Stanislas Dehaene, James J. DiCarlo, Pascal Fries, Karl J. Friston, Asif A. Ghazanfar, Anne-Lise Giraud, Joshua I. Gold, Scott T. Grafton, Jennifer M. Groh, Elizabeth A. Grove, Saskia Haegens, Kenneth D. Harris, Kristen M. Harris, Nicholas G. Hatsopoulos, Tarik F. Haydar, Takao K. Hensch, Wieland B. Huttner, Matthias Kaschube, Gilles Laurent, David A. Leopold, Johannes Leugering, Belen Lorente-Galdos, Jason N. MacLean, David A. McCormick, Lucia Melloni, Anish Mitra, Zoltán Molnár, Sydney K. Muchnik, Pascal Nieters, Marcel Oberlaender, Bijan Pesaran, Christopher I. Petkov, Gordon Pipa, David Poeppel, Marcus E. Raichle, Pasko Rakic, John H. Reynolds, Ryan V. Raut, John L. Rubenstein, Andrew B. Schwartz, Terrence J. Sejnowski, Nenad Sestan, Debra L. Silver, Wolf Singer, Peter L. Strick, Michael P. Stryker, Mriganka Sur, Mary Elizabeth Sutherland, Maria Antonietta Tosches, William A. Tyler, Martin Vinck, Christopher A. Walsh, Perry Zurn

The Oxford Handbook of Music and the Brain

The Oxford Handbook of Music and the Brain
A Book

by Michael H. Thaut,Donald A. Hodges

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2019-08-01
  • Pages : 896
  • ISBN : 0192526138
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The study of music and the brain can be traced back to the work of Gall in the 18th century, continuing with John Hughlings Jackson, August Knoblauch, Richard Wallaschek, and others. These early researchers were interested in localizing musicality in the brain and learning more about how music is processed in both healthy individuals and those with dysfunctions of various kinds. Since then, the research literature has mushroomed, especially in the latter part of the 20th and early 21st centuries. The Oxford Handbook of Music and the Brain is a groundbreaking compendium of current research on music in the human brain. It brings together an international roster of 54 authors from 13 countries providing an essential guide to this rapidly growing field. The major themes include Music, the Brain, and Cultural Contexts; Music Processing in The Human Brain; Neural Responses to Music; Musicianship and Brain Function; Developmental Issues in Music and the Brain; Music, the Brain, and Health; and the Future. Each chapter offers a thorough review of the current status of research literature as well as an examination of limitations of knowledge and suggestions for future advancement and research efforts. The book is valuable for a broad readership including neuroscientists, musicians, clinicians, researchers and scholars from related fields but also readers with a general interest in the topic.

Geometric Science of Information

Geometric Science of Information
5th International Conference, GSI 2021, Paris, France, July 21-23, 2021 : Proceedings

by Frank Nielsen,Frédéric Barbaresco

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 3030802094
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book constitutes the proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Geometric Science of Information, GSI 2021, held in Paris, France, in July 2021. The 98 papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 125 submissions. They cover all the main topics and highlights in the domain of geometric science of information, including information geometry manifolds of structured data/information and their advanced applications. The papers are organized in the following topics: Probability and statistics on Riemannian Manifolds; sub-Riemannian geometry and neuromathematics; shapes spaces; geometry of quantum states; geometric and structure preserving discretizations; information geometry in physics; Lie group machine learning; geometric and symplectic methods for hydrodynamical models; harmonic analysis on Lie groups; statistical manifold and Hessian information geometry; geometric mechanics; deformed entropy, cross-entropy, and relative entropy; transformation information geometry; statistics, information and topology; geometric deep learning; topological and geometrical structures in neurosciences; computational information geometry; manifold and optimization; divergence statistics; optimal transport and learning; and geometric structures in thermodynamics and statistical physics.

Cognitive and Communication Interventions

Cognitive and Communication Interventions
Neuroscience Applications for Speech-Language Pathologists

by Martha S. Burns

  • Publisher : Plural Publishing
  • Release : 2020-10-12
  • Pages : 318
  • ISBN : 1635506662
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Understanding the recent science about how therapy changes the brain can empower clinicians to face the challenges of increasingly demanding medical and educational settings. However, many speech-language pathologists (SLPs) are unaware of the vast impact new neuroscience research has on clinical practice. Cognitive and Communication Interventions: Neuroscience Applications for Speech-Language Pathologists is a practical guide that informs and enables SLP’s, clinical psychologists, and other therapeutic professionals to use new research to enhance their clinical outcomes. Although based on independent neuroscience principles and research, this unique book is designed to be a readable and scientifically sound clinical guidebook. Written with the busy clinician in mind, this professional resource uses accessible, easy-to-understand language to walk readers through the complexities of neuroscience and provide workable strategies for application. The beginning chapters break down important concepts, such as neuroplasticity, environmental stressors, and connectomics, to create a base of understanding. The middle chapters delve into recent investigations of factors that potentially affect typical brain development, as well as disrupt connectomics. The final chapters provide neuroscience considerations for intervention, including the “What, How, and When” of therapy and other important considerations for individualizing and maximizing outcomes. Throughout the book, clinicians will also find case studies that provide examples of the practical applications of neuroscience research and study questions to improve memory and inference.

Connectomics

Connectomics
Applications to Neuroimaging

by Brent C. Munsell,Guorong Wu,Leonardo Bonilha,Paul Laurienti

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2018-09-08
  • Pages : 233
  • ISBN : 0128138394
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Connectomics: Applications to Neuroimaging is unique in presenting the frontier of neuro-applications using brain connectomics techniques. The book describes state-of-the-art research that applies brain connectivity analysis techniques to a broad range of neurological and psychiatric disorders (Alzheimer’s, epilepsy, stroke, autism, Parkinson’s, drug or alcohol addiction, depression, bipolar, and schizophrenia), brain fingerprint applications, speech-language assessments, and cognitive assessment. With this book the reader will learn: Basic mathematical principles underlying connectomics How connectomics is applied to a wide range of neuro-applications What is the future direction of connectomics techniques. This book is an ideal reference for researchers and graduate students in computer science, data science, computational neuroscience, computational physics, or mathematics who need to understand how computational models derived from brain connectivity data are being used in clinical applications, as well as neuroscientists and medical researchers wanting an overview of the technical methods. Features: Combines connectomics methods with relevant and interesting neuro-applications Covers most of the hot topics in neuroscience and clinical areas Appeals to researchers in a wide range of disciplines: computer science, engineering, data science, mathematics, computational physics, computational neuroscience, as well as neuroscience, and medical researchers interested in the technical methods of connectomics Combines connectomics methods with relevant and interesting neuro-applications Presents information that will appeal to researchers in a wide range of disciplines, including computer science, engineering, data science, mathematics, computational physics, computational neuroscience, and more Includes a mathematics primer that formulates connectomics from an applied point-of-view, thus avoiding difficult to understand theoretical perspective Lists publicly available neuro-imaging datasets that can be used to construct structural and functional connectomes

Cognitive Neuroscience Editor's Pick 2021

Cognitive Neuroscience Editor's Pick 2021
A Book

by Lutz Jäncke

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2021-08-10
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 2889711749
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Neural Mechanisms

Neural Mechanisms
New Challenges in the Philosophy of Neuroscience

by Fabrizio Calzavarini

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 3030540928
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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