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Neuroeconomics of Prosocial Behavior

Neuroeconomics of Prosocial Behavior
The Compassionate Egoist

by Carolyn Declerck,Christophe Boone

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2015-08-21
  • Pages : 186
  • ISBN : 0128014415
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This summary of recent research in neuroeconomics aims to explain how and why a person can sometimes be generous, helpful, and cooperative, yet other times behave in a self-interested and/or exploitative manner. The book explains a dual process of analysis measuring immediate needs of the individual, relative to long term gains possible through prosocial behavior (e.g. synergy, accumulating profits, (in)direct reciprocity) with the output further mitigated by the motivation of the individual at that moment and any special circumstances of the environment. Ultimately it can be shown that prosocial behavior can be economically rational. Yet even when individuals are intrinsically motivated to act prosocially, they are also able to reverse this behavior when they sense it is no longer adaptive. The book will further explore individual differences in prosocial behavior, the development of prosocial behavior, and how a personal neural signature forms that facilitates or hampers cooperation. The book includes game theory research, neuroimaging studies, and research in traditional cognitive psychology to better understand human decision-making re prosocial behavior. This will be of interest to cognitive, developmental, and social psychologists, as well as neuroscientists, and behavioral economists. Explores: Individual differences in prosocial behavior, The development of prosocial behavior, How a personal neural signature forms that facilitates or hampers cooperation Includes: Game theory research, Neuroimaging studies, Research in traditional cognitive psychology

Exam Prep for: The Neuroeconomics of Prosocial Behavior

Exam Prep for: The Neuroeconomics of Prosocial Behavior
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Neuroeconomics

Neuroeconomics
Decision Making and the Brain

by Paul W. Glimcher,Ernst Fehr,Colin Camerer,Russell Alan Poldrack

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2008-10-10
  • Pages : 556
  • ISBN : 9780080921068
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Neuroeconomics is a new highly promising approach to understanding the neurobiology of decision making and how it affects cognitive social interactions between humans and societies/economies. This book is the first edited reference to examine the science behind neuroeconomics, including how it influences human behavior and societal decision making from a behavioral economics point of view. Presenting a truly interdisciplinary approach, Neuroeconomics presents research from neuroscience, psychology, and behavioral economics, and includes chapters by all the major figures in the field, including two Economics Nobel laureates. * An authoritative reference written and edited by acknowledged experts and founders of the field * Presents an interdisciplinary view of the approaches, concepts, and results of the emerging field of neuroeconomics relevant for anyone interested in this area of research * Full-color presentation throughout with carefully selected illustrations to highlight key concepts

Neuroeconomics: Hype or Hope?

Neuroeconomics: Hype or Hope?
A Book

by Caterina Marchionni,Jack Vromen

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2014-06-11
  • Pages : 134
  • ISBN : 131797736X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Is neuroeconomics a flimsy fad likely to pass without leaving a discernible trace in economics? Or is it a promising new field with the potential to enrich and improve economic theory? Neuroeconomics brings together a unique mix of perspectives ranging from philosophy of science to neuroeconomics practice to reflect on the promises and limitations of neuroeconomics for the future of economics. The analyses collected in the volume suggest that although neuroeconomics raises methodological worries that ought to be dealt with, it might contribute to economics in various ways, some perhaps more promising than others. One thing comes out clearly, though: a complete insulation of economics from neuroscience and psychology is likely to do economics more harm than good. This book was originally published as a special issue of Journal of Economic Methodology.

Papers and Proceedings of the .. Annual Meeting of the American Economic Association

Papers and Proceedings of the .. Annual Meeting of the American Economic Association
A Book

by American Economic Association

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2005
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Neuroeconomics

Neuroeconomics
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Frontiers E-books
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 2889190277
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The American Economic Review

The American Economic Review
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Journal of Economic Perspectives

The Journal of Economic Perspectives
A Journal of the American Economic Association

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This journal attempts to fill a gap between the general-interest press and other academic economics journals. Its articles relate to active lines of economics research, economic analysis of public policy issues, state-of-the-art economic thinking, and directions for future research. It also aims to provide material for classroom use, and to address issues relating to the economics profession.

Values, Empathy, and Fairness Across Social Barriers

Values, Empathy, and Fairness Across Social Barriers
A Book

by Scott Atran

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2009-07-27
  • Pages : 241
  • ISBN : 1573317608
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Papers are the result of the first Barcelona Social Brain Conference, entitled Values, Empathy, and Fairness Across Social Barriers: a neurocognitive approach to fairness, organized by the New York Academy of Sciences, the European Science Foundation, the Catalan Research Foundation and the Social Brain Chair, and held on November 21-22, 2008 at Fundacio "la Caixa" Barcelona, Spain.

The Journal of Political Economy

The Journal of Political Economy
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1892
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Deals with research and scholarship in economic theory. Presents analytical, interpretive, and empirical studies in the areas of monetary theory, fiscal policy, labor economics, planning and development, micro- and macroeconomic theory, international trade and finance, and industrial organization. Also covers interdisciplinary fields such as history of economic thought and social economics.

The Cognitive Basis of Institutions

The Cognitive Basis of Institutions
A Synthesis of Behavioral and Institutional Economics

by Shinji Teraji

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2018-02-16
  • Pages : 366
  • ISBN : 0128120452
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Cognitive Basis of Institutions: A Synthesis of Behavioral and Institutional Economics synthesizes modern research in behavioral economics with traditional institutional economics. This work emphasizes that institution and agent are inextricably linked, and that both cognitive and institutional processes coalesce to influence human decision-making. It integrates cognition and institution through the behavioral economics theoretical lens of bounded rationality. Methodologically, it develops game-theoretical, complexity and neuroeconomic solutions to unite study of the two areas. The work concludes by proposing general implications for the economic study of decisions using the cognitive-institutional approach, also providing specific recommendations for public policy. Reveals how institutional structures and individual actions interact and coevolve cognitively Connects individual decision-making, decision-making processes and institutional formation Unites our understanding of cooperative ‘prosocial’ behavior with the institutional dynamics that may create it Discusses the implications of the behavioral-institutional paradigm for paternalism and libertarianism in public policy

Journal of Economic Literature

Journal of Economic Literature
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Choice

Choice
Publication of the Association of College and Research Libraries, a Division of the American Library Association

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Oxford Handbook of Behavioral Economics and the Law

The Oxford Handbook of Behavioral Economics and the Law
A Book

by Eyal Zamir,Doron Teichman

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2014-09-16
  • Pages : 496
  • ISBN : 0199397953
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The past twenty years have witnessed a surge in behavioral studies of law and law-related issues. These studies have challenged the application of the rational-choice model to legal analysis and introduced a more accurate and empirically grounded model of human behavior. This integration of economics, psychology, and law is breaking exciting new ground in legal theory and the social sciences, shedding a new light on age-old legal questions as well as cutting edge policy issues. The Oxford Handbook of Behavioral Economics and Law brings together leading scholars of law, psychology, and economics to provide an up-to-date and comprehensive analysis of this field of research, including its strengths and limitations as well as a forecast of its future development. Its 29 chapters organized in four parts. The first part provides a general overview of behavioral economics. The second part comprises four chapters introducing and criticizing the contribution of behavioral economics to legal theory. The third part discusses specific behavioral phenomena, their ramifications for legal policymaking, and their reflection in extant law. Finally, the fourth part analyzes the contribution of behavioral economics to fifteen legal spheres ranging from core doctrinal areas such as contracts, torts and property to areas such as taxation and antitrust policy.

Empathy and Fairness

Empathy and Fairness
A Book

by Gregory R. Bock,Jamie A. Goode

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2007-01-11
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN : 0470030593
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Empathy is the process that allows us to share the feelings and emotions of others, in the absence of any direct emotional stimulation to the self. Humans can feel empathy for other people in a wide array of contexts: for basic emotions and sensation such as anger, fear, sadness, joy, pain and lust as well as for more complex emotions such as guilt, embarrassment and love. It has been proposed that, for most people, empathy is the process that prevents us doing harm to others. Although empathy seems to be an automatic response of the brain to others’ emotional reactions, there are circumstances under which we do not share the same feeling as others. Imagine, for example, that someone who does the same job as you is paid twice as much. In this case, that person might be very satisfied with their extra salary, but you would not share this satisfaction. This case illustrates the ubiquitous feeling of fairness and justice. Our sense of fairness has also become the focus of modern economic theories. In contrast to the prominent self-interest hypothesis of classic economy assuming that all people are exclusively motivated by their self-interest, humans are also strongly motivated by other-regarding preferences such as the concern for fairness and reciprocity. The notion of fairness is not only crucial in personal interaction with others in the context of families, workplace or interactions with strangers, but also guides people’s behaviour in impersonal economic and political domains. This book brings together work from a wide range of disciplines to explain processes underlying empathy and fairness. The expert contributors approach the topic of empathy and fairness from different viewpoints, namely those of social cognitive neuroscience, developmental psychology, evolutionary anthropology, economics and neuropathology. The result is an interdisciplinary and unitary framework focused on the neuronal, developmental, evolutionary and psychological basis of empathy and fairness. With its extensive discussions and the high calibre of the participants, this important new book is essential reading for anyone with an interest in this topic.

The Neuroscience of Organizational Behavior

The Neuroscience of Organizational Behavior
A Book

by Constant D. Beugré

  • Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
  • Release : 2018-04-27
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 1783475544
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Neuroscience of Organizational Behavior establishes the scientific foundations of organizational neuroscience, a nascent discipline that explores the neural correlates of human behavior in organizations. The book draws from several disciplines including the organizational sciences, neuroeconomics, cognitive psychology, social cognitive neuroscience and neuroscience. The topics discussed include the neural foundations of organizational phenomena, such as decision-making, leadership, fairness, trust and cooperation, emotions, ethics and morality, unconscious bias and diversity in the workplace.

Many Dimensions of Poverty

Many Dimensions of Poverty
A Book

by Nanak Kakwani,Jacques Silber

  • Publisher : Palgrave MacMillan
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 279
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book shows that poverty is multidimensional and hence needs to be analyzed from a multidisciplinary point of view, which has to include economic, sociological, psychological, anthropological, philosophical, legal and evolutionary perspectives. It also presents the new ideas on poverty analysis that have become very popular in recent years - the participatory approach, the concept of empowerment, the notion of vulnerability and the distinction between chronic and transient poverty.

Neuroscience Letters

Neuroscience Letters
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Book Review Digest

Book Review Digest
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Survival of the Nicest

Survival of the Nicest
How Altruism Made Us Human and Why It Pays to Get Along

by Stefan Klein

  • Publisher : The Experiment
  • Release : 2014-01-21
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN : 161519181X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A Publishers Weekly Best Book of 2014 This revelatory tour de force by an acclaimed and internationally bestselling science writer upends our understanding of “survival of the fittest”—and invites us all to think and act more altruistically The phrase “survival of the fittest” conjures an image of the most cutthroat individuals rising to the top. But Stefan Klein, author of the #1 international bestseller The Science of Happiness, makes the startling assertion that altruism is the key to lasting personal and societal success. In fact, altruism defines us: Natural selection favored those early humans who cooperated in groups, and with survival more assured, our altruistic ancestors were free to devote brainpower to developing intelligence, language, and culture—our very humanity. Klein’s groundbreaking findings lead him to a vexing question: If we’re really hard-wired to act for one another’s benefit, why aren’t we all getting along? He believes we’ve learned to mistrust our instincts because success is so often attributed to selfish ambition, and with an extraordinary array of material—current research on genetics and the brain, economics, social psychology, behavioral and anthropological experiments, history, and modern culture—he makes the case that generosity for its own sake remains the best way to thrive.