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Neuroimaging Personality, Social Cognition, and Character

Neuroimaging Personality, Social Cognition, and Character
A Book

by John R Absher,Jasmin Cloutier

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2016-01-30
  • Pages : 420
  • ISBN : 0128011661
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Neuroimaging Personality, Social Cognition, and Character covers the science of combining brain imaging with other analytical techniques for use in understanding cognition, behavior, consciousness, memory, language, visual perception, emotional control, and other human attributes. Multidimensional brain imaging research has led to a greater understanding of character traits such as honesty, generosity, truthfulness, and foresight previously unachieved by quantitative mapping. This book summarizes the latest brain imaging research pertaining to character with structural and functional human brain imaging in both normal individuals and those with brain disease or disorder, including psychiatric disorders. By reviewing and synthesizing the latest structural and functional brain imaging research related to character, this book situates itself into the larger framework of cognitive neuroscience, psychiatric neuroimaging, related fields of research, and a wide range of academic fields, such as politics, psychology, medicine, education, law, and religion. Provides a novel innovative reference on the emerging use of neuroimaging to reveal the biological substrates of character, such as optimism, honesty, generosity, and others Features chapters from leading physicians and researchers in the field Contains full-color text that includes both an overview of multiple disciplines and a detailed review of modern neuroimaging tools as they are applied to study human character Presents an integrative volume with far-reaching implications for guiding future imaging research in the social, psychological and medical sciences, and for applying these findings to a wide range of non-clinical disciplines such as law, politics, and religion Connects brain structure and function to human character and integrates modern neuroimaging techniques and other research methods for this purpose

The Oxford Handbook of Personality and Social Psychology

The Oxford Handbook of Personality and Social Psychology
A Book

by Kay Deaux,Mark Snyder

  • Publisher : Oxford Library of Psychology
  • Release : 2018
  • Pages : 992
  • ISBN : 0190224835
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Personality and social psychology : moving toward a more perfect union / Mark Snyder and Kay Deaux -- Foundations of personality and social psychology -- The intertwined histories of personality and social psychology / Thomas F. Pettigrew -- Perspectives on the person: rapid growth and opportunities for integration / William Fleeson and Eranda Jayawickreme -- Perspectives on the situation / Harry T. Reis and John G. Holmes -- Neuroscience approaches in social and personality psychology / David M. Amodio, Eddie Harmon-Jones, and Elliot T. Berkman -- Evolutionary perspectives / Steven W. Gangestad -- Context in person, person in context : a cultural psychology approach to social-personality psychology / Glenn Adams and Tugçe Kurtis -- Behavior and behavior assessment / Janice R. Kelly and Christopher R. Agnew -- Conceptual and methodological issues in the analysis of cross-sectional and longitudinal dyadic data / Deborah A. Kashy and M. Brent Donellan -- Multilevel modeling in personality and social psychology / Oliver Christ, Christopher G. Sibley, and Ulrich Wagner -- Basic processes of personality and social psychology -- The self : dynamics of persons and their situations / Jennifer Crocker and Eddie Brummelman -- Identity : personal and social / Vivian L. Vignoles -- Morality / Jesse Graham and Piercarlo Valdesolo -- Motivation and goal pursuit : integration across the social/personality divide / Julie K. Norem -- Five questions about emotion: implications for social-personality psychology / Gerald L. Clore and Michael D. Robinson -- Cybernetic approaches to personality and social behavior / Colin G. DeYoung and Yanna J. Weisberg -- Initial impressions of others / James S. Uleman and S. Adil Saribay -- Attitudes and attitude change : social and personality considerations about specific and general patterns of behavior / Dolores Albarracin, Man-pui Sally Chan, and Duo Jiang -- From help-giving to helping relations : belongingness and independence in social interactions / Arie Nadler -- Antisocial behavior in individuals and groups : an empathy-focused approach / Emanuele Castano and David C. Kidd -- Personality and social interaction : interpenetrating processes / Rodolfo Mendoza-Denton, Jordan B. Leitner, and Ozlem Ayduk -- Attachment theory expanded : a behavioral systems approach to personality and social behavior / Mario Mikulincer and Phillip R. Shaver -- Person-by-situation perspectives on close relationships / Jeffry A. Simpson and Heike A. Winterheld -- Personality influences on group processes : the past, present, and future / Craig D. Parks -- Intergroup processes : from prejudice to positive relations between groups / Linda R.Tropp and Ludwin E. Molina -- Power as active self : from acquisition to the expression and use of power / Ana Guinote and Serena Chen -- Personality and social psychology in key life domains -- Personality, social psychology, and psychopathology : reflections on a lewinian vsion / Philip R. Costanzo, Rick H. Hoyle, and Mark R. Leary -- Individual and societal well-being / Shigehiro Oishi and Samantha J. Heintzelman -- Multicultural identity and experiences : cultural, social, and personality processes / Verónica Benet-Martínez and Angela-MinhTu D. Nguyen -- Personality and social contexts as sources of change and continuity across the life span / Abigail J. Stewart and Kay Deaux -- The social psychology of personality and leadership : a person-in-situation perspective / Daan van Knippenberg -- Work and organizations: contextualizing personality and social psychology / Deidra J. Schleicher and David V. Day -- A person x intervention strategy approach to understanding health behavior / Alexander J. Rothman and Austin S. Baldwin -- Forensic personality and social psychology / Saul Kassin and Margaret Bull Kovera -- The psychology of collective action / Lauren E. Duncan -- Social policy: barriers and opportunities for personality and social psychology / Allen M. Omoto -- Conclusion -- Personality and social psychology : the evolving state of the union / Kay Deaux and Mark Snyder

Advances in Experimental Social Psychology

Advances in Experimental Social Psychology
A Book

by Bertram Gawronski

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-03
  • Pages : 354
  • ISBN : 0128203722
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Advances in Experimental Social Psychology series is the premier outlet for reviews of mature, high-impact research programs in social psychology. Contributions to the series provide defining pieces of established research programs, reviewing and integrating thematically related findings by individual scholars or research groups. Topics discussed in Volume 61 include Worldview Conflict and Prejudice, Money and Happiness, Attitude Representation, Emotion Regulation, and Social Perception. Provides one of the most cited series in the field of experimental social psychology Contains contributions of major empirical and theoretical interest Represents the best and brightest in new research, theory, and practice in social psychology

Hate Unleashed: America's Cataclysmic Change

Hate Unleashed: America's Cataclysmic Change
A Book

by Edward W. Dunbar

  • Publisher : ABC-CLIO
  • Release : 2017-12-01
  • Pages : 252
  • ISBN : 1440858152
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book investigates the psychological factors that led to the election of Donald Trump and the accompanying escalation of hate violence and intolerance in the United States. It also spells out the challenge for Americans living in a time of political conservatism and unbridled hostility towards minorities, immigrants, and socially progressive individuals—and what democratic-minded people can do to take action. • Presents and examines presidential polling data and the discernible relationship to hate crime incidence data • Looks at data on victims of post-election 2016 hate incidents • Identifies the patterns in and correlations between historical violence, political differences, and voting patterns • Shows how demographic information regarding economics and poverty could have strongly predicted the 2016 election outcome

Personality and Social Behavior

Personality and Social Behavior
A Book

by Frederick Rhodewalt

  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release : 2012-01-04
  • Pages : 317
  • ISBN : 113687514X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The study of the relationship between the person and the situation has had a long history in psychology. Many theories of personality are set on an interpersonal stage and many social phenomena are played out differently as the cast of characters change. At times the study of persons and situations has been contentious, however, recent interest in process models of personality and social interaction have focused on the ways people navigate, influence, and are influenced by their social worlds. Personality and Social Behavior contains a series of essays on topics where a transactional analysis of the person and situation has proved most fruitful. Contributions span the personality and social psychology spectrum and include such topics as new units in personality; neuroscience perspectives on interpersonal personality; social and interpersonal frameworks for understanding the self and self-esteem; and personality process analyses of romantic relationships, prejudice, health, and leadership. This volume provides essential reading for researchers with an interest in this core topic in social psychology and may also be used as a text on related upper-level courses.

Essentials of Psychology

Essentials of Psychology
A Book

by Benjamin B. Lahey

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2001
  • Pages : 482
  • ISBN : 9780072434040
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Psychology

Psychology
Themes and Variations

by Wayne Weiten

  • Publisher : Wadsworth Publishing Company
  • Release : 2003
  • Pages : 687
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Since the First Edition of this book appeared, professors have praised its visual presentation of concepts, accessible writing style, and solid research-based scholarship. PSYCHOLOGY: THEMES AND VARIATIONS is about the ideas and concepts behind the research studies. His straightforward style gets students to contemplate open-ended questions, examine their assumptions, and apply psychological concepts to their own lives. Wayne Weiten surveys psychology's broad range of content with three aims: to illuminate the process of research and its intrinsic relationship to application; to show both the unity and diversity of the subject, and to invite students to the study of psychology by respecting their ability to master its fundamental concepts. Integrative themes--including empiricism, theoretical diversity, sociohistorical contexts, multifactorial causation, cultural heritage, heredity and environment, and subjectivity of experience--are woven throughout the text to provide connections among the different areas of research in psychology. The book's dynamic, teaching-oriented illustration program further enhances these themes. Weiten reinforces concepts through exercises that appear at the end of every chapter. At the same time, the author presents topics in a hierarchical manner, giving students handles they can use to prioritize concepts within the chapter.

Psychology of Religion: Explaining religion and spirituality

Psychology of Religion: Explaining religion and spirituality
A Book

by Justin L. Barrett

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN : 9780415543644
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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First published in 2010. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Psychology, themes & variations

Psychology, themes & variations
A Book

by Wayne Weiten

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 674
  • ISBN : 9780495272106
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In God's Image

In God's Image
The Natural History of Intelligence and Ethics

by Gerhard Meisenberg

  • Publisher : Book Guild Publishing
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 404
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biochemical geneticist Gerhard Meisenberg takes readers on a fascinating excursion into human nature - our genes, brains, behaviour, evolution, intelligence and cultures.

Oxford Handbook of Methods in Positive Psychology

Oxford Handbook of Methods in Positive Psychology
A Book

by Anthony D. Van Dulmen Ong, Manfred

  • Publisher : Series in Positive Psychology
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 644
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Publisher description

Textbook of Evolutionary Psychiatry

Textbook of Evolutionary Psychiatry
The Origins of Psychopathology

by Martin Brüne

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 385
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In the past couple of decades, studies investigating the genetic background of psychiatric disorders have mushroomed. Research into the brain mechanisms and regions of the brain involved in certain dysfunctions have greatly improved our knowledge of the relationship between brain pathology and psychopathology. By contrast, we know far less about 'why' certain individuals remain vulnerable to psychiatric disease at all, and whether they were selected by evolutionary forces or simply by-products of other species-specific characteristics. This comprehensive book presents a new integrative approach to understanding psychopathological conditions - an approach that embraces cognition, emotion, behaviour, and their nature-nurture interactions. Central to this approach is the introduction of human evolution into the psychiatric model - psychiatrists need to know why the human mind and brain evolved in the way it did. In three parts, the book presents a comprehensive account of human brain evolution in terms of physical features and function, showing how these relate to our current understanding of psychopathology. Accessibly written, the book shows how a consideration of evolutionary factors in psychiatry can improve our understanding and treatment of specific disorders such as suicidal behaviour, anorexia, and depression.

Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science, 4 Volume Set

Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science, 4 Volume Set
A Book

by L. Nadel

  • Publisher : Wiley
  • Release : 2005-09-23
  • Pages : 4456
  • ISBN : 9780470016190
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An exciting reference work which captures current thinking about the workings of the mind and brain, focusing on problems that are as old as recorded history, but reflecting new approaches and techniques that have emerged since the 1980's. The Encyclopedia contains 696 articles covering in depth the entire spectrum of the cognitive sciences. Reviewing the common themes of information and information processing, representation and computation, it also covers in depth the core areas of psychology, philosophy, linguistics, computer science, and neuroscience. Ancillary topics such as education, economics, evolutionary biology and anthropology are also covered. The articles have been written to provide multiple levels of information so that readers from various levels can benefit from this set – from undergraduate and postgraduate students to university lecturers. With extensive cross-referencing, a glossary and subject index to further aid the reader through the book, the Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science is an essential addition to any library or office shelf. The Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science (ECS) includes: 4 Volumes 4000 pages 696 articles Contributions from the world’s leading experts 1,500 illustrations Detailed indexes and appendices Extensive cross-referencing

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London
Biological sciences. Series B

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2003
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Social Cognitive Neuroscience of Organizations, Volume 1118

The Social Cognitive Neuroscience of Organizations, Volume 1118
A Book

by Carl Senior,Michael James Richard Butler,Michael J. Butler

  • Publisher : Wiley-Blackwell
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 211
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Social cognitive neuroscience is an emerging branch of cognitive neuroscience that bridges together social psychology and neuroscience. At its core is an understanding of the relationship between the brain and social interaction. The social cognitive neuroscientist places empirical endeavor within a three-stage framework, and questions falling under the SCN rubric undergo interrogation at each of these three levels. Firstly, we seek to understand a neuroscience of social interactions at the social level. Here we need to understand the motivational and other social factors that drive our behavior and experience in the real world. It goes without saying that any study of the cognitive neuroscience of socially interactive behavior must first be informed by social psychological theory to maintain ecological validity. Second, the social cognitive neuroscientist must be an adroit cognitive psychologist and be able to examine interactive behavior from the cognitive level. It is here that information-processing models and theories are applied to the understanding of our social behavior. Finally, studies at the neural level seek to inform us about the cortical structures, as well as the way they interact with other, in the mediation of the previous cognitive level. This volume brings together contributions from leading thinkers in both the social cognitive neurosciences and business to provide a comprehensive introduction and overview of a social cognitive neuroscience of the business brain. NOTE: Annals volumes are available for sale as individual books or as a journal. For information on institutional journal subscriptions, please visit www.blackwellpublishing.com/nyas. ACADEMY MEMBERS: Please contact the New York Academy of Sciences directly to place your order (www.nyas.org). Members of the New York Academy of Science receive full-text access to the Annals online and discounts on print volumes. Please visit www.nyas.org/membership/main.asp for more information about becoming a member.

Annual Review of Psychology

Annual Review of Psychology
A Book

by Calvin Perry Stone

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2005
  • Pages : 663
  • ISBN : 9780824302566
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Publishes original critical reviews of the significant literature and current developments in psychology.

Cognitive Neuroscience Society ... Annual Meeting Abstract Program

Cognitive Neuroscience Society ... Annual Meeting Abstract Program
A Book

by Cognitive Neuroscience Society. Meeting

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Personality

Personality
Theory and Research

by Lawrence A. Pervin

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2005
  • Pages : 618
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Take a balanced, accessible, and in-depth look at personality With each new edition, Personality: Theory and Research has successfully captured the mystery of human personality and the efforts of psychologists to unravel it. Authors Lawrence Pervin, Daniel Cervone, and Oliver John offer a balanced and highly accessible introduction to the major theoretical approaches to personality, and successfully integrate theory with research. Fully updated and revised, this Ninth Edition is even more inviting, engaging, and student-friendly! The new edition features the latest research methods and findings, a new chapter on research on personality in context, and expanded coverage of biological foundations of personality, including the latest advances in evolutionary psychology, temperament, genetics, and more. Personality: Theory and Research, 9th Edition: Focuses on the major theoretical perspectives that guide the contemporary science of personality psychology. Integrates theory and research to emphasize how theory and research inform one another. Illustrates theory with rich case material. Treats each theoretical approach objectively and even-handedly. Presents this complex scientific field in a highly engaging and readable manner. Critical Acclaim "The authors' writing style is engaging. The use of rhetorical questions throughout...makes the text more interesting and should induce critical thinking."--Wade C. Rowatt, Department of Psychology & Neuroscience, Baylor University "The writing style is inviting and provides students with the opportunity to continually consider their own personality as they explore the chapters."--Barbara A. Boccaccio, Tunxis Community College

Advances in Virtual Agents and Affective Computing for the Understanding and Remediation of Social Cognitive Disorders

Advances in Virtual Agents and Affective Computing for the Understanding and Remediation of Social Cognitive Disorders

by Eric Brunet-Gouet,Ali Oker,Jean-Claude Martin,Ouriel Grynszpan,Philip L. Jackson

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2016-03-02
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 2889197875
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advances in modern sciences occur thanks to within-fields discoveries as well as confrontation of concepts and methods from separated, sometimes distant, domains of knowledge. For instance, the fields of psychology and psychopathology benefited from accumulated contributions from cognitive neurosciences, which, in turn, received insights from molecular chemistry, cellular biology, physics (neuroimaging), statistics and computer sciences (data processing), etc. From the results of these researches, one can argue that among the numerous cognitive phenomena supposedly involved in the emergence the human intelligence and organized behavior, some of them are specific to the social nature of our phylogenetic order. Scientific reductionism allowed to divide the social cognitive system into several components, i.e. emotion processing and regulation, mental state inference (theory of mind), agency, etc. New paradigms were progressively designed to investigate these processes within highly-controlled laboratory settings. Moreover, the related constructs were successful at better understanding psychopathological conditions such as autism and schizophrenia, with partial relationships with illness outcomes. Here, we would like to outline the parallel development of concepts in social neurosciences and in other domains such as computer science, affective computing, virtual reality development, and even hardware technologies. While several researchers in neurosciences pointed out the necessity to consider naturalistic social cognition (Zaki and Ochsner, Ann N Y Acad Sci 1167, 16-30, 2009), the second person perspective (Schilbach et al., Behav Brain Sci 36(4), 393-414, 2013) and reciprocity (de Bruin et al., Front Hum Neurosci 6, 151, 2012), both computer and software developments allowed more and more realistic real-time models of our environment and of virtual humans capable of some interaction with users. As noted at the very beginning of this editorial, a new convergence between scientific disciplines might occur from which it is tricky to predict the outcomes in terms of new concepts, methods and uses. Although this convergence is motivated by the intuition that it fits well ongoing societal changes (increasing social demands on computer technologies, augmenting funding), it comes with several difficulties for which the current Frontiers in’ topic strives to bring some positive answers, and to provide both theoretical arguments and experimental examples. The first issue is about concepts and vocabulary as the contributions described in the following are authored by neuroscientists, computer scientists, psychopathologists, etc. A special attention was given during the reviewing process to stay as close as possible to the publication standards in psychological and health sciences, and to avoid purely technical descriptions. The second problem concerns methods: more complex computerized interaction models results in unpredictable and poorly controlled experiments. In other words, the assets of naturalistic paradigms may be alleviated by the difficulty to match results between subjects, populations, conditions. Of course, this practical question is extremely important for investigating pathologies that are associated with profoundly divergent behavioral patterns. Some of the contributions of this topic provide description of strategies that allowed to solve these difficulties, at least partially. The last issue is about heterogeneity of the objectives of the researches presented here. While selection criteria focused on the use of innovative technologies to assess or improve social cognition, the fields of application of this approach were quite unexpected. In an attempt to organize the contributions, three directions of research can be identified: 1) how innovation in methods might improve understanding and assessment of social cognition disorders or pathology? 2) within the framework of cognitive behavioral psychotherapies (CBT), how should we consider the use of virtual reality or augmented reality? 3) which are the benefits of these techniques for investigating severe mental disorders (schizophrenia or autism) and performing cognitive training? The first challenging question is insightfully raised in the contribution of Timmermans and Schilbach (2014) giving orientations for investigating alterations of social interaction in psychiatric disorders by the use of dual interactive eye tracking with virtual anthropomorphic avatars. Joyal, Jacob and collaborators (2014) bring concurrent and construct validities of a newly developed set of virtual faces expressing six fundamental emotions. The relevance of virtual reality was exemplified with two contributions focusing on anxiety related phenomena. Jackson et al. (2015) describe a new environment allowing to investigate empathy for dynamic FACS-coded facial expressions including pain. Based on a systematic investigation of the impact of social stimuli modalities (visual, auditory), Ruch and collaborators are able to characterize the specificity of the interpretation of laughter in people with gelotophobia (2014). On the issue of social anxiety, Aymerich-Franch et al. (2014) presented two studies in which public speaking anxiety has been correlated with avatars’ similarity of participants’ self-representations. The second issue focuses on how advances in virtual reality may benefit to cognitive and behavioral therapies in psychiatry. These interventions share a common framework that articulates thoughts, feelings or emotions and behaviors and proposes gradual modification of each of these levels thanks to thought and schema analysis, stress reduction procedures, etc. They were observed to be somehow useful for the treatment of depression, stress disorders, phobias, and are gaining some authority in personality disorders and addictions. The main asset of new technologies is the possibility to control the characteristics of symptom-eliciting stimuli/situations, and more precisely the degree to which immersion is enforced. For example, Baus and Bouchard (2014) provide a review on the extension of virtual reality exposure-based therapy toward recently described augmented reality exposure-based therapy in individuals with phobias. Concerning substance dependence disorders, Hone-Blanchet et collaborators (2014) present another review on how virtual reality can be an asset for both therapy and craving assessment stressing out the possibilities to simulate social interactions associated with drug seeking behaviors and even peers’ pressure to consume. The last issue this Frontiers’ topic deals with encompasses the questions raised by social cognitive training or remediation in severe and chronic mental disorders (autistic disorders, schizophrenia). Here, therapies are based on drill and practice or strategy shaping procedures, and, most of the time, share an errorless learning of repeated cognitive challenges. Computerized methods were early proposed for that they do, effortlessly and with limited costs, repetitive stimulations. While, repetition was incompatible with realism in the social cognitive domain, recent advances provide both immersion and full control over stimuli. Georgescu and al. (2014) exhaustively reviews the use of virtual

Current Psychiatric Therapy II

Current Psychiatric Therapy II
A Book

by David L. Dunner

  • Publisher : Saunders
  • Release : 1997
  • Pages : 657
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A comprehensive update of psychiatric disorders and their treatment. This 2nd Edition defines treatment in terms of DSM-IV. Features chapters on personality testing and cross-cultural issues as used in psychopharmacology, treatment in the primary care setting, and medication usage during pregnancy.