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Neuroscience of Nicotine

Neuroscience of Nicotine
Mechanisms and Treatment

by Victor R. Preedy

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2019-03-20
  • Pages : 566
  • ISBN : 0128130369
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Neuroscience of Nicotine: Mechanisms and Treatment presents the fundamental information necessary for a thorough understanding of the neurobiological underpinnings of nicotine addiction and its effects on the brain. Offering thorough coverage of all aspects of nicotine research, treatment, policy and prevention, and containing contributions from internationally recognized experts, the book provides students, early-career researchers, and investigators at all levels with a fundamental introduction to all aspects of nicotine misuse. With an estimated one billion individuals worldwide classified as tobacco users—and tobacco use often being synonymous with nicotine addiction—nicotine is one of the world’s most common addictive substances, and a frequent comorbidity of misuse of other common addictive substances. Nicotine alters a variety of neurological processes, from molecular biology, to cognition, and quitting is exceedingly difficult because of the number of withdrawal symptoms that accompany the process. Integrates cutting-edge research on the pharmacological, cellular and molecular aspects of nicotine use, along with its effects on neurobiological function Discusses nicotine use as a component of dual-use and poly addictions and outlines numerous screening and treatment strategies for misuse Covers both the physical and psychological effects of nicotine use and withdrawal to provide a fully-formed view of nicotine dependency and its effects

Negative Affective States and Cognitive Impairments in Nicotine Dependence

Negative Affective States and Cognitive Impairments in Nicotine Dependence
A Book

by F. Scott Hall,Jared W. Young,Andre Der-Avakian

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2016-08-17
  • Pages : 362
  • ISBN : 0128026693
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Negative Affective States and Cognitive Impairments in Nicotine Dependence is the only book of its kind that addresses nicotine use and abuse in the context of negative reinforcement mechanisms. Written and edited by leading investigators in addiction, affective, genetic, and cognitive research, it provides researchers and advanced students with an overview of the clinical bases of these effects, allowing them to fully understand the various underlying dysfunctions that drive nicotine use in different individuals. In addition, this book examines animal models that researchers have utilized to investigate the biological bases of these dysfunctions. The combination of clinical and preclinical approaches to understanding nicotine dependence makes this book an invaluable resource for researchers and practitioners seeking to develop targeted treatments aimed at ameliorating symptoms of nicotine dependence, as well as identifying premorbid differences in affective or cognitive function. Provides a unique perspective on nicotine dependence that emphasizes negative reinforcement rather than positive reinforcement Examines psychiatric comorbidities and alleviation of withdrawal states as motivation for continued tobacco use Includes both clinical and preclinical perspectives Includes genetic and multi-neurotransmitter perspectives on nicotine use and withdrawal Emphasizes heterogeneity of underlying reasons for smoking, the need for multiple animal models to understand this heterogeneity, and the expectation of heterogeneous responses to potential treatments, underscoring the need for personalized therapeutics

The Motivational Impact of Nicotine and its Role in Tobacco Use

The Motivational Impact of Nicotine and its Role in Tobacco Use
A Book

by Rick A. Bevins,Anthony R. Caggiula

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2008-12-15
  • Pages : 212
  • ISBN : 9780387787497
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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More and more scientists are applying the concepts of motivation and related constructs to modify the behavior of drug-addicted and dependent people. Here, authors discuss effective ‘translational’ strategies for decreasing and preventing tobacco use.

Nicotine Use in Mental Illness and Neurological Disorders

Nicotine Use in Mental Illness and Neurological Disorders
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2015-11-16
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN : 0128016264
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nicotine Use in Mental Illness and Neurological Disorders, a volume in the International Review of Neurobiology series, is a comprehensive overview of the state-of-the-art research into nicotine use in mental illness and neurological disorders. It reviews current knowledge and understanding, also provides a starting point for researchers and practitioners entering the field. Provides a broad coverage of subject matter Presents a comprehensive overview of the state-of-the-art research into nicotine use in mental illness and neurological disorders Ideal for researchers and practitioners, and those just entering the field

Nicotine in Psychiatry

Nicotine in Psychiatry
Psychopathology and Emerging Therapeutics

by Melissa P. Piasecki,Paul Newhouse

  • Publisher : American Psychiatric Pub
  • Release : 2008-11-01
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 1585628298
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Today, 25% of Americans smoke and 50% of smokers die from tobacco-related illnesses. Meanwhile, little attention has been given to implementing cessation therapies for our patients who smoke. Nicotine in Psychiatry: Psychopathology and Emerging Therapeutics examines this timely subject. The book's contributors, subject matter experts in the growing field of nicotine neurobiology andclinical pharmacology, cover the latest knowledge on The pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of nicotine The effect of nicotinic receptors on the central nervous system (CNS), the recent advances made in understanding the normal function of these receptors, and how this knowledge transfers to the clinical treatment of many CNS disorders Behavioral factors influencing the effects of nicotine and nicotine's addictive capacity The association between smoking and specific mental disorders and the association between nicotine and mood Clinical applications of nicotine as a potential therapeutic agent for a variety of disorders, such as attention deficit, Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases, epilepsy, inflammatory bowel disease, schizophrenia, and Tourette's syndrome Nicotine replacement therapies and various smoking-cessation strategies This book makes fascinating reading for anyone interested in the recent tobacco public policy debates, as well as clinicians and researchers looking for current information on nicotine and its clinical applications.

Opponent Process and Nicotine Addiction

Opponent Process and Nicotine Addiction
Perpetuation of Dependence Through Negative Reinforcement Processes

by Shelly Suzanne Watkins

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2000
  • Pages : 282
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Neuropathology of Drug Addictions and Substance Misuse Volume 1

Neuropathology of Drug Addictions and Substance Misuse Volume 1
Foundations of Understanding, Tobacco, Alcohol, Cannabinoids and Opioids

by Victor R. Preedy

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2016-03-07
  • Pages : 1132
  • ISBN : 0128003766
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Neuropathology of Drug Addictions and Substance Misuse, Volume One: Foundations of Understanding, Tobacco, Alcohol, Cannabinoids, Opioids and Emerging Addictions provides the latest research in an area that shows that the neuropathological features of one addiction are often applicable to those of others. The book also details how a further understanding of these commonalties can provide a platform for the study of specific addictions in greater depth, all in an effort to create new modes of understanding, causation, prevention, and treatment. The three volumes in this series address new research and challenges, offering comprehensive coverage on the adverse consequences of the most common drugs of abuse, with each volume serving to update the reader’s knowledge on the broader field of addiction, while also deepening our understanding of specific addictive substances. Volume One addresses tobacco, alcohol, cannabinoids, and opioids, with each section providing data on the general, molecular/cellular, and structural/functional neurological aspects of a given substance, along with a focus on the adverse consequences of addictions. Provides a modern approach on the pathology of substances of abuse, offering an evidence based ethos for understanding the neurology of addictions Fills an existing gap in the literature by proving a one-stop-shopping synopsis of everything to do with the neuropathology of drugs of addiction and substance misuse Includes a list of abbreviations, abstracts, applications to other addictions and substance misuse, mini-dictionary of terms, summary points, 6+ figures and tables, and full references in each chapter Offers coverage of preclinical, clinical, and population studies, from the cell to whole organs, and the genome to whole body

The Neuroscience of Cocaine

The Neuroscience of Cocaine
Mechanisms and Treatment

by Victor R. Preedy

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2017-05-23
  • Pages : 774
  • ISBN : 012803792X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Neuroscience of Cocaine: Mechanisms and Treatment explores the complex effects of this drug, addressing the neurobiology behind cocaine use and the psychosocial and behavioral factors that impact cocaine use and abuse. This book provides researchers with an up-to-date understanding of the mechanisms behind cocaine use, and aids them in deriving new pharmacological compounds and therapeutic regimens to treat dependency and withdrawal symptoms. Cocaine is one of the most highly abused illicit drugs worldwide and is frequently associated with other forms of drug addiction and misuse, but researchers are still struggling to understand cocaine’s neuropharmacological profile and the mechanisms of its effects and manifestations at the cognitive level. Cessation of cocaine use can lead to numerous adverse withdrawal conditions, from the cellular and molecular level to the behavioral level of the individual user. Written by worldwide experts in cocaine addiction, this book assists neuroscientists and other addiction researchers in unraveling the many complex facets of cocaine use and abuse. Contains in each chapter an abstract, key facts, mini dictionary of terms, and summary points to aid in understanding Illustrated in full color Provides unique full coverage of all aspects of cocaine and its related pathology Provides researchers with an up-to-date understanding of the mechanisms behind cocaine use, and aids them in deriving new pharmacological compounds and therapeutic regimens to treat dependency and withdrawal symptoms

International Symposium on Nicotine: The Effects of Nicotine on Biological Systems II

International Symposium on Nicotine: The Effects of Nicotine on Biological Systems II
Satellite Symposium of the XIIth International Congress of Pharmacology, Montreal, Canada, July 21–24, 1994. The Abstracts

by Paul B.S. Clarke,Maryka Quik,Klaus Thurau,Franz Adlkofer

  • Publisher : Birkhäuser
  • Release : 2013-03-09
  • Pages : 77
  • ISBN : 3034874162
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Animated Neuroscience and the Action of Nicotine, Cocaine, and Marijuana in the Brain [videorecording].

Animated Neuroscience and the Action of Nicotine, Cocaine, and Marijuana in the Brain [videorecording].
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1997
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Cyclohexanols—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition

Cyclohexanols—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition
ScholarlyPaper

by Anonim

  • Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
  • Release : 2012-12-26
  • Pages : 24
  • ISBN : 1481631144
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Cyclohexanols—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition is a ScholarlyPaper™ that delivers timely, authoritative, and intensively focused information about Cyclohexanols in a compact format. The editors have built Cyclohexanols—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Cyclohexanols in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Cyclohexanols—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

How to Be a Happy Former Smoker

How to Be a Happy Former Smoker
A Book

by John R Dykers Jr MD

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2020-02-10
  • Pages : 36
  • ISBN : 9781661283889
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A treatise that incorporates the physiology, psychology, and sociology of addiction to cigarette smoking and vaping with the latest insights of neuroscience into the addiction to nicotine. Addiction to nicotine is awful, but is only one major component of addiction to smoking cigarettes and to vaping. Here is a happy pathway out of chaos.

Impact of Nicotine Exposure on Brain Development Assessed by Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy

Impact of Nicotine Exposure on Brain Development Assessed by Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
A Book

by Christine Carol Cloak

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2002
  • Pages : 244
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Neuroscience for Addiction Medicine: From Prevention to Rehabilitation - Constructs and Drugs

Neuroscience for Addiction Medicine: From Prevention to Rehabilitation - Constructs and Drugs
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2016-01-21
  • Pages : 348
  • ISBN : 0444635440
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Neuroscience for Addiction Medicine: From Prevention to Rehabilitation: Constructs and Drugs is the latest volume from Progress in Brain Research focusing on new trends and developments in addiction research. This established international series examines major areas of basic and clinical research within neuroscience, as well as popular emerging subfields such as addiction. This volume takes an integrated approach to review and summarize some of the most recent progress from the subfield of addiction research, with particular emphasis on potential applications in a clinical setting. Explores new trends and developments in basic and clinical research in the addiction subfield of neuroscience Uses an integrated approach to review and summarize recent progress Emphasizes potential applications in a clinical setting Enhances the literature of neuroscience by further expanding the established international series Progress in Brain Research

Neuroscience of Alcohol

Neuroscience of Alcohol
Mechanisms and Treatment

by Victor R. Preedy

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2019-03-19
  • Pages : 736
  • ISBN : 0128131268
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Neuroscience of Alcohol: Mechanisms and Treatment presents the fundamental information necessary for a thorough understanding of the neurobiological underpinnings of alcohol addiction and its effects on the brain. Offering thorough coverage of all aspects of alcohol research, treatment and prevention, and containing contributions from internationally recognized experts, the book provides students, early-career researchers, and investigators at all levels with a fundamental introduction to all aspects of alcohol misuse. Alcohol is one of the world’s most common addictive substances, with about two billion individuals worldwide consuming it in one form or another and three million annual deaths that are associated with alcohol misuse. Alcohol alters a variety of neurological processes, from molecular biology, to cognition. Moreover, addiction to alcohol can lead to numerous other health concerns and damage virtually every organ system in the body, making diagnosis and treatment of individuals addicted to alcohol of critical importance. Integrates cutting-edge research on the pharmacological, cellular and molecular aspects of alcohol use, along with its effects on neurobiological function Discusses alcohol use as a component of dual-use and poly addictions Outlines numerous screening and treatment strategies for alcohol misuse Covers both the physical and psychological effects of alcohol use and withdrawals to provide a fully-formed view of alcohol dependency and its effects

Nicotinic Receptors in the Nervous System

Nicotinic Receptors in the Nervous System
A Book

by Edward D. Levin

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2001-08-29
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN : 9780849323867
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nicotine research has been conducted for the better part of a century, but with the discovery of the relationship of nicotinic systems to Alzheimer's disease, the differentiation of nicotinic receptor subtypes, and the development of novel nicotinic ligands, the field of nicotine research has exploded. This book will provide you reference to the latest research methods and findings concerning nicotinic neural systems. Featuring a unique approach, Nicotinic Receptors in the Nervous System provides integrated coverage of cutting-edge research concerning neuronal nicotinic systems relevant to smoking addiction and cognitive dysfunction. By bringing together molecular and neurochemical applications, this book provides the key to understanding function and dysfunction of nicotinic systems and how they are significant for disease, addiction, and the development of novel drug treatments. Within the next several years, it is very promising that clinical research will support the use of nicotinic treatments for addiction, pain, and cognitive and motor dysfunction. Nicotinic Receptors in the Nervous System provides you with the basic mechanistic background for these treatments as well as the functional assessment necessary to determine therapeutic effects.

The Addictive Brain

The Addictive Brain
Episode 2: The Psychology and Neuroscience of Reward

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Caffeine and nicotine are two of the most common psychoactive drugs in our society. How do they work? How dangerous are they? After reviewing how each of these drugs affects the brain - and why nicotine in particular is so addictive - Professor Polk offers several strategies to quit tobacco use.

Addiction Neurobiology

Addiction Neurobiology
Ethical and Social Implications

by European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction

  • Publisher : Office for Official Publications of
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 181
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This report reviews developments in the neuroscience of addiction, explores how they might affect the way we view and treat drug problems, and considers the issues that they raise for drug policy in Europe. In language that is easily accessible, the report presents the complex brain processes involved in addition and the ethical implications inherent to current addiction research.--Publisher's description.

Neuropathology of Drug Addictions and Substance Misuse Volume 2

Neuropathology of Drug Addictions and Substance Misuse Volume 2
Stimulants, Club and Dissociative Drugs, Hallucinogens, Steroids, Inhalants and International Aspects

by Victor R. Preedy

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2016-03-25
  • Pages : 1182
  • ISBN : 0128003758
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Neuropathology of Drug Addictions and Substance Misuse, Volume 2: Stimulants, Club and Dissociative Drugs, Hallucinogens, Steroids, Inhalants and International Aspects is the second of three volumes in this informative series and offers a comprehensive examination of the adverse consequences of the most common drugs of abuse. Each volume serves to update the reader’s knowledge on the broader field of addiction as well as to deepen understanding of specific addictive substances. Volume 2 addresses stimulants, club and dissociative drugs, hallucinogens, and inhalants and solvents. Each section provides data on the general, molecular and cellular, and structural and functional neurological aspects of a given substance, with a focus on the adverse consequences of addictions. Research shows that the neuropathological features of one addiction are often applicable to those of others, and understanding these commonalties provides a platform for studying specific addictions in more depth and may ultimately lead researchers toward new modes of understanding, causation, prevention, and treatment. However, marshalling data on the complex relationships between addictions is difficult due to the myriad material and substances. Offers a modern approach to understanding the pathology of substances of abuse, offering an evidence-based ethos for understanding the neurology of addictions Fills an existing gap in the literature by serving as a “one-stop-shopping synopsis of everything to do with the neuropathology of drugs of addiction and substance misuse Includes in each chapter: list of abbreviations, abstract, introduction, applications to other addictions and substance misuse, mini-dictionary of terms, summary points, 6+ figures and tables, and full references Offers coverage of preclinical, clinical, and population studies, from the cell to whole organs, and from the genome to whole body

Neuropathology of Drug Addictions and Substance Misuse Volume 3

Neuropathology of Drug Addictions and Substance Misuse Volume 3
General Processes and Mechanisms, Prescription Medications, Caffeine and Areca, Polydrug Misuse, Emerging Addictions and Non-Drug Addictions

by Victor R. Preedy

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2016-04-25
  • Pages : 1106
  • ISBN : 0128006773
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Neuropathology of Drug Addictions and Substance Misuse, Volume 3: General Processes and Mechanisms, Prescription Medications, Caffeine and Areca, Polydrug Misuse, Emerging Addictions and Non-Drug Addictions is the third of three volumes in this informative series and offers a comprehensive examination of the adverse consequences of the most common drugs of abuse. Each volume serves to update the reader’s knowledge on the broader field of addiction as well as to deepen understanding of specific addictive substances. Volume 3 addresses prescription medications, caffeine, polydrug misuse, and non-drug addictions. Each section provides data on the general, molecular, cellular, structural, and functional neurological aspects of a given substance, with a focus on the adverse consequences of addictions. Research shows that the neuropathological features of one addiction are often applicable to those of others, and understanding these commonalties provides a platform for studying specific addictions in more depth and may ultimately lead researchers toward new modes of understanding, causation, prevention and treatment. However, marshalling data on the complex relationships between addictions is difficult due to the myriad of material and substances. Offers a modern approach to understanding the pathology of substances of abuse, offering an evidence-based ethos for understanding the neurology of addictions Fills an existing gap in the literature by serving as a “one-stop-shopping synopsis of everything to do with the neuropathology of drugs of addiction and substance misuse Includes in each chapter: list of abbreviations, abstract, introduction, applications to other addictions and substance misuse, mini-dictionary of terms, summary points, 6+ figures and tables, full references Offers coverage of preclinical, clinical, and population studies, from the cell to whole organs, and from the genome to whole body