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Non-Crimp Fabric Composites

Non-Crimp Fabric Composites
Manufacturing, Properties and Applications

by Stepan V Lomov

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2011-04-19
  • Pages : 544
  • ISBN : 0857092537
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Non-crimp fabric (NCF) composites are reinforced with mats of straight (non-crimped) fibres, giving them such advantages as strength, ease of handling and low manufacturing costs. Non-crimp fabric composites provides a comprehensive review of the use of NCF composites, their manufacture and applications in engineering. Part one covers the manufacture of non-crimp fabrics, including also topics such as structural stitching and automated defect analysis. Part two goes on to discuss the manufacture of non-crimp fabric composites, with chapters covering such topics as deformability and permeability of NCF. Part three focuses on the properties of NCF composites, with chapters on stiffness and strength, damage progression and fatigue. Finally, part four covers the applications of NCF composites, including chapters on the aerospace and automotive industries as well as wind turbines and helicopter applications. The book concludes with a discussion of cost analysis of NCF composites in engineering applications. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Non-crimp fabric composites is an essential reference for composite manufacturers and structural and mechanical engineers in industries using NCF composites, as well as academics with a research interest in the field. Provides a comprehensive review of the use of NCF composites, their manufacture and applications in engineering Reviews the manufacture of non-crimp fabrics, including also topics such as structural stitching and automated defect analysis Examines the properties of NCF composites considering stiffness and strength, damage progression and fatigue

Stiffness Characterization in Non-crimp Fabric Composites

Stiffness Characterization in Non-crimp Fabric Composites
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2014
  • Pages : 64
  • ISBN : 9789174398328
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Design and Manufacture of Textile Composites

Design and Manufacture of Textile Composites
A Book

by A C Long

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2006-01-05
  • Pages : 476
  • ISBN : 9780849325939
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Textile composites encompass a rather narrow range of materials, based on three-dimensional reinforcements produced using specialist equipment. This book describes the design, manufacture and applications of textile composites. The intention is to describe the broad range of polymer composite materials with textile reinforcements, from woven and non-crimp commodity fabrics to 3-D textiles and their applications. The book gives particular attention to the modelling of textile structures, composites manufacturing methods, and subsequent component performance. This practical book is an invaluable guide for manufacturers of polymer composite components, end-users and designers, structural materials researchers, and textile manufacturers involved in the development of new products with textile composites.

Fatigue of Textile Composites

Fatigue of Textile Composites
A Book

by Valter Carvelli,Stepan V Lomov

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2015-05-16
  • Pages : 510
  • ISBN : 1782422935
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fatigue of Textile Composites provides a current, state-of-art review on recent investigations on the fatigue behavior of composite materials, mainly those reinforced with textiles. As this particular group of composite materials is extremely important for a wide variety of industrial applications, including automotive, aeronautical, and marine, etc., mainly due to their peculiarities and advantages with respect to unidirectional laminated composites, the text presents comprehensive information on the huge variety of interlacement geometric architectures that are suitable for a broad range of different applications, their excellent drapability and versatility, which is highly important for complex double-curvature shape components and three-dimensional woven fabrics without plane reinforcement, and their main mechanical characteristics which are currently in high demand from industry. Presents the current state-of-the-art investigations on fatigue behavior of composite materials, mainly those reinforced with textiles Contains invaluable information pertaining to a wide variety of industries, including automotive, aeronautical, and marine, amongst others Provides comprehensive information on the huge variety of interlacement geometric architectures that are suitable for a broad range of different applications

Fatigue of Textile Composites

Fatigue of Textile Composites
A Book

by Valter Carvelli,Stepan V Lomov

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2015-05-16
  • Pages : 510
  • ISBN : 1782422935
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fatigue of Textile Composites provides a current, state-of-art review on recent investigations on the fatigue behavior of composite materials, mainly those reinforced with textiles. As this particular group of composite materials is extremely important for a wide variety of industrial applications, including automotive, aeronautical, and marine, etc., mainly due to their peculiarities and advantages with respect to unidirectional laminated composites, the text presents comprehensive information on the huge variety of interlacement geometric architectures that are suitable for a broad range of different applications, their excellent drapability and versatility, which is highly important for complex double-curvature shape components and three-dimensional woven fabrics without plane reinforcement, and their main mechanical characteristics which are currently in high demand from industry. Presents the current state-of-the-art investigations on fatigue behavior of composite materials, mainly those reinforced with textiles Contains invaluable information pertaining to a wide variety of industries, including automotive, aeronautical, and marine, amongst others Provides comprehensive information on the huge variety of interlacement geometric architectures that are suitable for a broad range of different applications

Advances in Composites Manufacturing and Process Design

Advances in Composites Manufacturing and Process Design
A Book

by Philippe Boisse

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2015-07-29
  • Pages : 492
  • ISBN : 1782423206
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The manufacturing processes of composite materials are numerous and often complex. Continuous research into the subject area has made it hugely relevant with new advances enriching our understanding and helping us overcome design and manufacturing challenges. Advances in Composites Manufacturing and Process Design provides comprehensive coverage of all processing techniques in the field with a strong emphasis on recent advances, modeling and simulation of the design process. Part One reviews the advances in composite manufacturing processes and includes detailed coverage of braiding, knitting, weaving, fibre placement, draping, machining and drilling, and 3D composite processes. There are also highly informative chapters on thermoplastic and ceramic composite manufacturing processes, and repairing composites. The mechanical behaviour of reinforcements and the numerical simulation of composite manufacturing processes are examined in Part Two. Chapters examine the properties and behaviour of textile reinforcements and resins. The final chapters of the book investigate finite element analysis of composite forming, numerical simulation of flow processes, pultrusion processes and modeling of chemical vapour infiltration processes. Outlines the advances in the different methods of composite manufacturing processes Provides extensive information on the thermo-mechanical behavior of reinforcements and composite prepregs Reviews numerical simulations of forming and flow processes, as well as pultrusion processes and modeling chemical vapor infiltration

Composite Reinforcements for Optimum Performance

Composite Reinforcements for Optimum Performance
A Book

by Philippe Boisse

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2011-09-28
  • Pages : 704
  • ISBN : 0857093711
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Reinforcements are an integral part of all composites and the quality and performance of the composite can be optimised by modelling the type and structure of the reinforcement before moulding. Composite reinforcements for optimum performance reviews the materials, properties and modelling techniques used in composite production and highlights their uses in optimising performance. Part one covers materials for reinforcements in composites, including chapters on fibres, carbon nanotubes and ceramics as reinforcement materials. In part two, different types of structures for reinforcements are discussed, with chapters covering woven and braided reinforcements, three-dimensional fibre structures and two methods of modelling the geometry of textile reinforcements: WiseTex and TexGen. Part three focuses on the properties of composite reinforcements, with chapters on topics such as in-plane shear properties, transverse compression, bending and permeability properties. Finally, part four covers characterising and modelling of reinforcements in composites, with chapters focusing on such topics as microscopic and mesoscopic approaches, X-ray tomography analysis and modelling reinforcement forming processes. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Composite reinforcements for optimum performance is an essential reference for designers and engineers in the composite and composite reinforcement manufacturing industry, as well as all those with an academic research interest in the subject. Reviews the materials, properties and modelling techniques used in composite production and highlights their uses in performance optimisation Covers materials for reinforcements in composites, including fibres, carbon nanotubes and ceramics Discusses characterising and modelling of reinforcements in composites, focusing on such topics as microscopic and mesoscopic approaches, X-ray tomography analysis and modelling reinforcement forming processes

Non-woven Fabrics

Non-woven Fabrics
A Book

by Han-Yong Jeon

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2016-03-24
  • Pages : 326
  • ISBN : 9535122711
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Non-woven Fabrics is differentiated text which covers overall stream from raw fibers to final products and includes features of manufacturing and finish process with specialized application end use. Application range of non-woven fabrics is extended to all the industrial fields needless to say apparel, such as ICT (information and communication technology), bio- and medicals, automobiles, architectures, construction and environmental. Every chapter is related to the important and convergent fields with the technical application purpose from downstream to upstream fields. Also, applicability of non-woven fabrics is introduced to be based on the structural analysis of dimensional concept and various non-woven fabrics as a state-of-art embedded convergent material are emphasized in all industry fields by using nanofibers and carbon fibers.

Matrix Influence on the Impact Tolerance of Carbon Composites Made of Non Crimp Fabric

Matrix Influence on the Impact Tolerance of Carbon Composites Made of Non Crimp Fabric
A Book

by Anatole Gilliot

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 141
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advances in Composites Manufacturing and Process Design

Advances in Composites Manufacturing and Process Design
A Book

by Philippe Boisse

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2015-07-29
  • Pages : 492
  • ISBN : 1782423206
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The manufacturing processes of composite materials are numerous and often complex. Continuous research into the subject area has made it hugely relevant with new advances enriching our understanding and helping us overcome design and manufacturing challenges. Advances in Composites Manufacturing and Process Design provides comprehensive coverage of all processing techniques in the field with a strong emphasis on recent advances, modeling and simulation of the design process. Part One reviews the advances in composite manufacturing processes and includes detailed coverage of braiding, knitting, weaving, fibre placement, draping, machining and drilling, and 3D composite processes. There are also highly informative chapters on thermoplastic and ceramic composite manufacturing processes, and repairing composites. The mechanical behaviour of reinforcements and the numerical simulation of composite manufacturing processes are examined in Part Two. Chapters examine the properties and behaviour of textile reinforcements and resins. The final chapters of the book investigate finite element analysis of composite forming, numerical simulation of flow processes, pultrusion processes and modeling of chemical vapour infiltration processes. Outlines the advances in the different methods of composite manufacturing processes Provides extensive information on the thermo-mechanical behavior of reinforcements and composite prepregs Reviews numerical simulations of forming and flow processes, as well as pultrusion processes and modeling chemical vapor infiltration

Trends in Composite Materials and their Design

Trends in Composite Materials and their Design
A Book

by Mohamed A. Taha,Ahmed M. El-Sabbagh,Iman M. Taha

  • Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
  • Release : 2010-01-12
  • Pages : 292
  • ISBN : 3038133639
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters BCI (WoS). Composite materials are increasingly finding use in diverse applications requiring a wide range of property and performance requirements. Low density, high specific strength and stiffness are the main features that make composite materials most suitable for structural applications. The field covers the concurrent manipulation of the material’s composition and of the internal architecture of the composite in order to obtain the desired properties. The ability to tailor composite materials precisely is of great importance in structural applications. A systematic approach to the optimum tailoring of composite materials is a challenging design problem. The focus should be on the practical design aspects, and that is what is addressed in this special-topic volume.

Mechanical Response of Composites

Mechanical Response of Composites
A Book

by Pedro P. Camanho,C. G. Dávila,S. T. Pinho,J. J. C. Remmers

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2008-06-20
  • Pages : 314
  • ISBN : 1402085842
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Themethodologyfordesigninghigh-performancecompositestructuresisstill evo- ing. The complexity of the response of composite materials and the dif?culties in predicting the composite material properties from the basic properties of the c- stituents result in the need for a well-planned and exhaustive test program. The recommended practice to mitigate the technological risks associated with advanced composite materials is to substantiate the performance and durability of the design in a sequence of steps known as the Building Block Approach. The Building Block Approach ensures that cost and performance objectives are met by testing greater numbers of smaller, less expensive specimens. In this way, technology risks are assessed early in the program. In addition, the knowledge acquired at a given level of structural complexity is built up before progressing to a level of increased complexity. Achieving substantiation of structural performance by testing alone can be p- hibitively expensive because of the number of specimens and components required to characterize all material systems, loading scenarios and boundary conditions. Building Block Approachprogramscan achieve signi?cant cost reductionsby se- ing a synergy between testing and analysis. The more the development relies on analysis, the less expensive it becomes. The use of advanced computational models for the prediction of the mechanical response of composite structures can replace some of the mechanical tests and can signi?cantly reduce the cost of designing with composites while providing to the engineers the information necessary to achieve an optimized design.

Polymer Optical Fibres

Polymer Optical Fibres
Fibre Types, Materials, Fabrication, Characterisation and Applications

by Christian-Alexander Bunge,Markus Beckers,Thomas Gries

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2016-08-25
  • Pages : 436
  • ISBN : 0081000561
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Polymer Optical Fibres: Fibre Types, Materials, Fabrication, Characterization, and Applications explores polymer optical fibers, specifically their materials, fabrication, characterization, measurement techniques, and applications. Optical effects, including light propagation, degrading effects of attenuation, scattering, and dispersion, are explained. Other important parameters like mechanical strength, operating temperatures, and processability are also described. Polymer optical fibers (POF) have a number of advantages over glass fibers, such as low cost, flexibility, low weight, electromagnetic immunity, good bandwidth, simple installation, and mechanical stability. Provides systematic and comprehensive coverage of materials, fabrication, properties, measurement techniques, and applications of POF Focuses on industry needs in communication, illumination and sensors, the automotive industry, and medical and biotechnology Features input from leading experts in POF technology, with experience spanning optoelectronics, polymer, and textiles Explains optical effects, including light propagation, degrading effects of attenuation, scattering, and dispersion

Handbook of Technical Textiles

Handbook of Technical Textiles
Technical Textile Applications

by A. Richard Horrocks,Subhash C. Anand

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2016-03-09
  • Pages : 452
  • ISBN : 1782424881
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The first edition of Handbook of Technical Textiles has been an essential purchase for professionals and researchers in this area since its publication in 2000. With revised and updated coverage, including several new chapters, this revised two volume second edition reviews recent developments and new technologies across the field of technical textiles. Volume 2 – Technical Textile Applications offers an indispensable guide to established and developing areas in the use of technical textiles. The areas covered include textiles for personal protection and welfare, such as those designed for ballistic protection, personal thermal and fire protection, and medical applications; textiles for industrial, transport and engineering applications, including composite reinforcement and filtration; and the growing area of smart textiles. Comprehensive handbook for all aspects of technical textiles Provides updated, detailed coverage of processes, fabric structure, and applications Ideal resource for those interested in high-performance textiles, textile processes, textile processing, and textile applications Many of the original, recognized experts from the first edition update their respective chapters

3D Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites

3D Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites
A Book

by L. Tong,A.P. Mouritz,M. Bannister

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2002-11-20
  • Pages : 254
  • ISBN : 9780080525822
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fibre reinforced polymer (FRP) composites are used in almost every type of advanced engineering structure, with their usage ranging from aircraft, helicopters and spacecraft through to boats, ships and offshore platforms and to automobiles, sports goods, chemical processing equipment and civil infrastructure such as bridges and buildlings. The usage of FRP composites continues to grow at an impessive rate as these materials are used more in their existing markets and become established in relatively new markets such as biomedical devices and civil structures. A key factor driving the increased applications of composites over the recent years is the development of new advanced forms of FRP materials. This includes developments in high performance resin systems and new styles of reinforcement, such as carbon nanotubes and nanoparticles. This book provides an up-to-date account of the fabrication, mechanical properties, delamination resistance, impact tolerance and applications of 3D FRP composites. The book focuses on 3D composites made using the textile technologies of weaving, braiding, knitting and stiching as well as by z-pinning.

Textiles for Advanced Applications

Textiles for Advanced Applications
A Book

by Bipin Kumar,Suman Thakur

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2017-09-20
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN : 9535135007
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents a global view of the development and applications of technical textiles with the description of materials, structures, properties, characterizations, functions and relevant production technologies, case studies, challenges, and opportunities. Technical textile is a transformative research area, dealing with the creation and studies of new generations of textiles that hoist many new scientific and technological challenges that have never been encountered before. The book emphasizes more on the principles of textile science and technology to provide solutions to several engineering problems. All chapter topics are exclusive and selectively chosen and designed, and they are extensively explored by different authors having specific knowledge in each area.

Textile Materials for Lightweight Constructions

Textile Materials for Lightweight Constructions
Technologies - Methods - Materials - Properties

by Chokri Cherif

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-08-11
  • Pages : 677
  • ISBN : 3662463415
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In this book, experts on textile technologies convey both general and specific information on various aspects of textile engineering, ready-made technologies, and textile chemistry. They describe the entire process chain from fiber materials to various yarn constructions, 2D and 3D textile constructions, preforms, and interface layer design. In addition, the authors introduce testing methods, shaping and simulation techniques for the characterization of and structural mechanics calculations on anisotropic, pliable high-performance textiles, including specific examples from the fields of fiber plastic composites, textile concrete and textile membranes. Readers will also be familiarized with the potential offered by increasingly employed textile structures, for instance in the fields of composite technology, construction technology, security technology and membrane technology.

Advances in 3D Textiles

Advances in 3D Textiles
A Book

by Xiaogang Chen

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2015-05-28
  • Pages : 404
  • ISBN : 1782422196
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advances in 3D Textiles presents the most recent advances in the production of three-dimensional fibrous structures and how their use has resulted in the creation of novel fabrics and applications. The text covers a wide range of fabric types, including their structures, properties, and uses in the textiles industry. Beginning with the various types of woven three-dimensional fabrics, the text then examines 3-D knitted, braided, and non-woven textiles, and the main applications and uses of three-dimensional textiles. Presents the most recent advances in the production of three-dimensional fibrous structures and how their use has resulted in the creation of novel fabrics and applications Examines many types of 3-D textiles, including knitted, braided, and non-woven textiles, and the main uses of three-dimensional textiles Covers their structures, properties, and uses within the textiles industry

Load-Bearing Fibre Composites

Load-Bearing Fibre Composites
International Series on the Strength and Fracture of Materials and Structures

by Michael R. Piggott

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2016-01-22
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 1483182150
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Load-Bearing Fibre Composites provides a unified view of the entire field of fiber and platelet composites. This book explores the complex interactions between fibers and matrix. Organized into 12 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the fundamental ideas in the field of fiber reinforced composites. This text then provides data on their load-bearing capabilities. Other chapters consider a rough estimate of how strong a material could be and describe the two main sources of weakness in real materials. This book discusses as well the slender forms of material and describes the simple slip theory of reinforcement that gives the modulus and strength for aligned short-fiber composites. The final chapter deals with the versatile use of fiber reinforced materials, which can be designed for a specific application by suitable choice of components and volume fraction. This book is a valuable resource for materials scientists, metallurgists, designers, engineers, and research workers.

Mechanical Testing of Advanced Fibre Composites

Mechanical Testing of Advanced Fibre Composites
A Book

by J M Hodgkinson

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2000-10-27
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN : 1855738910
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Testing of composite materials can present complex problems but is essential in order to ensure the reliable, safe and cost-effective performance of any engineering structure. This essentially practical book, complied from the contributions of leading professionals in the field, describes a wide range of test methods which can be applied to various types of advanced fibre composites. The book focuses on high modulus, high strength fibre/plastic composites and also covers highly anisotrpoic materials such as carbon, aramid and glass. Engineers and designers specifying the use of materials in structures will find this book an invaluable guide to best practice throughout the range of industrial sectors where FRCs are employed.