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Non-Metallic Biomaterials for Tooth Repair and Replacement

Non-Metallic Biomaterials for Tooth Repair and Replacement
A Book

by P Vallittu

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2012-12-11
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN : 0857096435
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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As the demand for healthy, attractive teeth increases, the methods and materials employed in restorative dentistry have become progressively more advanced. Non-metallic biomaterials for tooth repair and replacement focuses on the use of biomaterials for a range of applications in tooth repair and, in particular, dental restoration. Part one reviews the structure, modification and repair of dental tissues. The properties of enamel and dentin and their role in adhesive dental restoration are discussed, along with biomineralization and biomimicry of tooth enamel, and enamel matrix proteins (EMPs) for periodontal regeneration. Part two goes on to discuss the processing, bonding and wear properties of dental ceramics, glasses and sol-gel derived bioactive glass ceramics for tooth repair and replacement. Dental composites for tooth repair and replacement are then the focus of part three, including composite adhesive and antibacterial restorative materials for dental applications. The effects of particulate filler systems on the properties and performance of dental polymer composites are considered, along with composite based oral implants, fibre reinforced composites (FRCs) as dental materials and luting cements for dental applications. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Non-metallic biomaterials for tooth repair and replacement provides a clear overview for all those involved in the development and application of these materials, including academic researchers, materials scientists and dental clinicians. Discusses the properties of enamel and dentin and their role in adhesive dental restoration Chapters also examine the wear properties of dental ceramics, glasses and bioactive glass ceramics for tooth repair and replacement Dental composites and antibacterial restorative mateirals are also considered

Surface Coating and Modification of Metallic Biomaterials

Surface Coating and Modification of Metallic Biomaterials
A Book

by Cuie Wen

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2015-03-31
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN : 1782423168
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Despite advances in alternative materials, metals are still the biomaterial of choice for a number of clinical applications such as dental, orthopedic and cardiac implants. However, there are a number of intrinsic problems associated with implanting metal in the biological environment, such as wear, corrosion, biocompatibility and toxicity, which must be addressed. Modern technology has enabled scientists to modify metal surfaces or apply special coatings to metals to improve their performance safety. Surface Coating and Modification of Metallic Biomaterials will discuss the most important modification techniques and coatings for metals, first covering the fundamentals of metals as a biomaterial and then exploring surface modification techniques and coatings. An expansive overview of surface modification techniques for biomedical use In-depth exploration of issues arising from metal biomaterial use Includes examples of applications in a clinical setting

Biomaterials and Medical Device - Associated Infections

Biomaterials and Medical Device - Associated Infections
A Book

by L Barnes,Ian Cooper

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2014-11-21
  • Pages : 278
  • ISBN : 0857097229
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Despite advances in materials and sterilisation, patients who receive biomaterials of medical device implants are still at risk of developing an infection around the implantation site. This book reviews the fundamentals of biomaterials and medical device related infections and methods and materials for the treatment and prevention of infection. The first part of the book provides readers with an introduction to the topic including analyses of biofilms, diagnosis and treatment of infection, pathology and topography. The second part of the book discusses a range of established and novel technologies and materials which have been designed to prevent infection. Provides analysis of biofilms and their relevance to implant associated infections. Assesses technologies for controlling biofilms. Considers advantages and disadvantages of in vivo infection studies.

Biocompatibility of Dental Biomaterials

Biocompatibility of Dental Biomaterials
A Book

by Richard Shelton

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2016-10-18
  • Pages : 150
  • ISBN : 0081009437
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biocompatibility of Dental Biomaterials details and examines the fundamentals of biocompatibililty, also including strategies to combat it. As biomaterials used in the mouth are subject to different problems than those associated with the general in vivo environment, this book examines these challenges, presenting the latest research and forward-thinking strategies. Explores the fundamentals of dental biomaterials and their compatibility Presents a thorough review of material specific issues

Nanobiomaterials in Dentistry

Nanobiomaterials in Dentistry
Applications of Nanobiomaterials

by Alexandru Grumezescu

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2016-06-04
  • Pages : 498
  • ISBN : 0323428908
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanobiomaterials in Dentistry: Applications of Nanobiomaterials discusses synthesis methods and novel technologies involving nanostructured bio-active materials with applications in dentistry. This book provides current research results for those working in an applied setting. The advantage of having all this information in one coherent text will be the focused nature of the chapters and the ease of which this information can be accessed. This collection of titles brings together many of the novel applications these materials have in biology and discusses the advantages and disadvantages of each application and the perspectives of the technologies based on these findings. At the moment there is no other comparable book series covering all the subjects approached in this set of titles. Offers an updated and highly structured reference material for students, researchers, and practitioners working in biomedical, biotechnological, and engineering fields Serves as a valuable resource of recent scientific progress, along with most known applications of nanomaterials in the biomedical field Features novel opportunities and ideas for developing or improving technologies in nanomedicine and dentistry

Biomaterials for Oral and Dental Tissue Engineering

Biomaterials for Oral and Dental Tissue Engineering
A Book

by Lobat Tayebi,Keyvan Moharamzadeh

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2017-07-28
  • Pages : 562
  • ISBN : 0081009674
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biomaterials for Oral and Dental Tissue Engineering examines the combined impact of materials, advanced techniques and applications of engineered oral tissues. With a strong focus on hard and soft intraoral tissues, the book looks at how biomaterials can be manipulated and engineered to create functional oral tissue for use in restorative dentistry, periodontics, endodontics and prosthodontics. Covering the current knowledge of material production, evaluation, challenges, applications and future trends, this book is a valuable resource for materials scientists and researchers in academia and industry. The first set of chapters reviews a wide range of biomaterial classes for oral tissue engineering. Further topics include material characterization, modification, biocompatibility and biotoxicity. Part Two reviews strategies for biomaterial scaffold design, while chapters in parts three and four review soft and hard tissues. Connects materials science with restorative dentistry Focuses on the unique field of intraoral tissues Highlights long-term biocompatibility and toxicity of biomaterials for engineered oral tissues

Cardiac Regeneration and Repair

Cardiac Regeneration and Repair
Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering

by Ren-Ke Li,Richard D. Weisel

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2014-02-17
  • Pages : 486
  • ISBN : 0857096710
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Cardiac Regeneration and Repair, Volume Two reviews the use of biomaterials, alone or combined with cell therapy, in providing tissue-engineered constructs to repair the injured heart and prevent or reverse heart failure. Part one explores the variety of biomaterials available for cardiac repair, including nanomaterials and hydrogels. Further chapters explore the use of biomaterials to enhance stem cell therapy for restoring ventricular function and generating stem cell-modified intravascular stents. Part two focuses on tissue engineering for cardiac repair, including chapters on decellularized biologic scaffolds, synthetic scaffolds, cell sheet engineering, maturation of functional cardiac tissue patches, vascularized engineered tissues for in vivo and in vitro applications, and clinical considerations for cardiac tissue engineering. Finally, part three explores vascular remodeling, including chapters highlighting aortic extracellular matrix remodeling, cell-biomaterial interactions for blood vessel formation, and stem cells for tissue-engineered blood vessels. Cardiac Regeneration and Repair, Volume Two is complemented by an initial volume covering pathology and therapies. Together, the two volumes of Cardiac Regeneration and Repair provide a comprehensive resource for clinicians, scientists, or academicians fascinated with cardiac regeneration, including those interested in cell therapy, tissue engineering, or biomaterials. Surveys the variety of biomaterials available for cardiac repair, including nanomaterials and hydrogels. Focuses on tissue engineering for cardiac repair including clinical considerations for cardiac tissue engineering Explores vascular remodeling, highlighting aortic extracellular matrix remodeling, cell-biomaterial interactions for blood vessel formation, and stem cells for tissue-engineered blood vessels

Materials for the Direct Restoration of Teeth

Materials for the Direct Restoration of Teeth
A Book

by John Nicholson,Beata Czarnecka

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2016-09-01
  • Pages : 242
  • ISBN : 008100494X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Materials for the Direct Restoration of Teeth focuses on the important role teeth play in our lives and how biomaterials scientists are ensuring that new dental materials are functional and esthetic. As research in the field is shifting away from traditional materials like metal, and towards more advanced materials, such as resins and ceramics, this book on the subject of modern materials for the direct repair of teeth provides readers with a comprehensive reference. The most pertinent modern dental materials and their properties and applications for the direct restoration of teeth are presented, along with case examples and guidance notes making this book an essential companion for materials scientists and clinicians. Provides comprehensive coverage of conventional and modern materials for direct restoration of teeth Includes guidance notes and case examples to support dental clinicians in decision-making Authored by a scientist and a clinician, the book provides a balanced and complete treatise of the subject

Joint Replacement Technology

Joint Replacement Technology
A Book

by P.A. Revell

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2014-06-13
  • Pages : 724
  • ISBN : 0857098470
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This second edition of Joint Replacement Technology provides a thoroughly updated review of recent developments in joint replacement technology. Joint replacement is a standard treatment for joint degradation and has improved the quality of life of millions of patients. Collaboration between clinicians and researchers is critical to its continued success and to meet the rising expectations of patients and surgeons. Part one introduces the advances in joint replacement technology, tribological considerations and experiments, and immune and regenerative responses to joint replacements. Part two covers the materials and techniques used in joint replacement. The advantages and disadvantages of different metals are explained here, as well as the use of ceramics. This section also addresses challenges in joint bearing surfaces, design, and cementless fixation techniques. Biological and mechanical issues are considered in part three, including healing responses to implants and biological causes of prosthetic joint failure, and a new chapter on imaging of joint prostheses. Each chapter in part four describes the clinical challenges of replacing specific joints, with specific focus on hip, knee, intervertebral disc joint, shoulder arthroplasty, elbow arthroplasty, and pyrocarbon small joint arthroplasty. Thanks to its widespread collaboration and international contributors, Joint Replacement Technology is useful for materials scientists and engineers in both academia and biomedical industry. Chemists, clinicians, and other researchers in this area will also find it invaluable. This second edition provides an updated comprehensive review of recent developments in joint replacement technology Provides coverage for the most pertinent materials science and engineering issues in depth Reviews the specific joints, biological and mechanical issues and fixation techniques

Advances in Polyurethane Biomaterials

Advances in Polyurethane Biomaterials
A Book

by Stuart L. Cooper,Jianjun Guan

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2016-01-23
  • Pages : 718
  • ISBN : 0081006225
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advances in Polyurethane Biomaterials brings together a thorough review of advances in the properties and applications of polyurethanes for biomedical applications. The first set of chapters in the book provides an important overview of the fundamentals of this material with chapters on properties and processing methods for polyurethane. Further sections cover significant uses such as their tissue engineering and vascular and drug delivery applications Written by an international team of leading authors, the book is a comprehensive and essential reference on this important biomaterial. Brings together in-depth coverage of an important material, essential for many advanced biomedical applications Connects the fundamentals of polyurethanes with state-of-the-art analysis of significant new applications, including tissue engineering and drug delivery Written by a team of highly knowledgeable authors with a range of professional and academic experience, overseen by an editor who is a leading expert in the field

Medical Modelling

Medical Modelling
The Application of Advanced Design and Rapid Prototyping Techniques in Medicine

by Richard Bibb,Dominic Eggbeer,Abby Paterson

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2014-12-13
  • Pages : 516
  • ISBN : 1782423133
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Medical modelling and the principles of medical imaging, Computer Aided Design (CAD) and Rapid Prototyping (also known as Additive Manufacturing and 3D Printing) are important techniques relating to various disciplines - from biomaterials engineering to surgery. Building on the success of the first edition, Medical Modelling: The application of Advanced Design and Rapid Prototyping techniques in medicine provides readers with a revised edition of the original text, along with key information on innovative imaging techniques, Rapid Prototyping technologies and case studies. Following an overview of medical imaging for Rapid Prototyping, the book goes on to discuss working with medical scan data and techniques for Rapid Prototyping. In this second edition there is an extensive section of peer-reviewed case studies, describing the practical applications of advanced design technologies in surgical, prosthetic, orthotic, dental and research applications. Covers the steps towards rapid prototyping, from conception (modelling) to manufacture (manufacture) Includes a comprehensive case studies section on the practical application of computer-aided design (CAD) and rapid prototyping (RP) Provides an insight into medical imaging for rapid prototyping and working with medical scan data

Biophotonics for Medical Applications

Biophotonics for Medical Applications
A Book

by Igor Meglinski

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2015-06-29
  • Pages : 402
  • ISBN : 0857096745
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biophotonics for Medical Applications presents information on the interface between laser optics and cell biology/medicine. The book discusses the development and application of photonic techniques that aid the diagnosis and therapeutics of biological tissues in both healthy and diseased states. Chapters cover the fundamental technologies used in biophotonics and a wide range of therapeutic and diagnostic applications. Presents information on the interface between laser optics and cell biology/medicine Discusses the development and application of photonic techniques which aid the diagnosis and therapeutics of biological tissues in both healthy and diseased states Presents the fundamental technologies used in biophotonics and a wide range of therapeutic and diagnostic applications

Shape Memory Polymers for Biomedical Applications

Shape Memory Polymers for Biomedical Applications
A Book

by L Yahia

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2015-03-19
  • Pages : 326
  • ISBN : 0857097059
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Shape memory polymers (SMPs) are an emerging class of smart polymers which give scientists the ability to process the material into a permanent state and predefine a second temporary state which can be triggered by different stimuli. The changing chemistries of SMPs allows scientists to tailor important properties such as strength, stiffness, elasticity and expansion rate. Consequently SMPs are being increasingly used and developed for minimally invasive applications where the material can expand and develop post insertion. This book will provide readers with a comprehensive review of shape memory polymer technologies. Part 1 will discuss the fundamentals and mechanical aspects of SMPs. Chapters in part 2 will look at the range of technologies and materials available for scientific manipulation whilst the final set of chapters will review applications. Reviews the fundamentals of shape memory polymers with chapters focussing on the basic principles of the materials Comprehensive coverage of design and mechanical aspects of SMPs Expert analysis of the range of technologies and materials available for scientific manipulation

Hydroxyapatite (HAp) for Biomedical Applications

Hydroxyapatite (HAp) for Biomedical Applications
A Book

by Michael Mucalo

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2015-03-06
  • Pages : 404
  • ISBN : 178242041X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Hydroxyapatite in the form of hydroxycarbonate apatite is the principal mineral component of bone tissue in mammals. In Bioceramics, it is classed as a bioactive material, which means bone tissue grows directly on it when placed in apposition without intervening fibrous tissue. Hydroxyapatite is hence commonly used as bone grafts, fillers and as coatings for metal implants. This important book provides an overview of the most recent research and developments involving hydroxyapatite as a key material in medicine and its application. Reviews the important properties of hydroxyapatite as a biomaterial Considers a range of specific forms of the material and their advantages Reviews a range of specific medical applications for this important material

Regenerative Engineering of Musculoskeletal Tissues and Interfaces

Regenerative Engineering of Musculoskeletal Tissues and Interfaces
A Book

by Syam Nukavarapu,Joseph Freeman,Cato Laurencin

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2015-04-24
  • Pages : 462
  • ISBN : 1782423141
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Repair and regeneration of musculoskeletal tissues is generating substantial interest within the biomedical community. Consequently, these are the most researched tissues from the regeneration point of view. Regenerative Engineering of Musculoskeletal Tissues and Interfaces presents information on the fundamentals, progress and recent developments related to the repair and regeneration of musculoskeletal tissues and interfaces. This comprehensive review looks at individual tissues as well as tissue interfaces. Early chapters cover various fundamentals of biomaterials and scaffolds, types of cells, growth factors, and mechanical forces, moving on to discuss tissue-engineering strategies for bone, tendon, ligament, cartilage, meniscus, and muscle, as well as progress and advances in tissue vascularization and nerve innervation of the individual tissues. Final chapters present information on musculoskeletal tissue interfaces. Comprehensive review of the repair and regeneration of musculoskeletal individual tissues and tissue interfaces Presents recent developments, fundamentals and progress in the field of engineering tissues Reviews progress and advances in tissue vascularization and innervation

Shoulder and Elbow Trauma and its Complications

Shoulder and Elbow Trauma and its Complications
Volume 2: The Elbow

by Michael Greiwe

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2015-10-14
  • Pages : 378
  • ISBN : 1782424733
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Shoulder and Elbow Trauma and Its Complications: Volume 2: The Elbow provides an update on elbow surgery, a type of procedure that is seeing a significant increase in recent years. Although some of these surgeries are due to an aging population, a large proportion of operations are being performed on younger patients who have damaged their joints through physical activity. Worldwide, many of the injuries sustained through sport and physical activity are fractures which can be difficult to treat and can cause complications. Chapters in this detailed book will look at the most common types of elbow trauma and how to manage complications in surgery. All major elbow traumas covered Discusses tactics on how to manage complications in surgery Provides information based on an aging population and the increase in sports related elbow fractures Joint specific information

Switchable and Responsive Surfaces and Materials for Biomedical Applications

Switchable and Responsive Surfaces and Materials for Biomedical Applications
A Book

by Johnathan Zhang

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2014-12-11
  • Pages : 324
  • ISBN : 0857097172
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Surface modification of biomaterials can ultimately determine whether a material is accepted or rejected from the human body, and a responsive surface can further make the material "smart" and "intelligent". Switchable and Responsive Surfaces and Materials for Biomedical Applications outlines synthetic and biological materials that are responsive under different stimuli, their surface design and modification techniques, and applicability in regenerative medicine/tissue engineering, drug delivery, medical devices, and biomedical diagnostics. Part one provides a detailed overview of switchable and responsive materials and surfaces, exploring thermo-responsive polymers, environmentally responsive polyelectrolytes and zwitterionic polymers, as well as peptide-based and photonic sensitive switchable materials. Further chapters include a detailed overview of the preparation and analysis of switchable polymer brushes and copolymers for biomedical application. Part two explores the biological interactions and biomedical applications of switchable surfaces, where expert analysis is provided on the interaction of switchable surfaces with proteins and cells. The interaction of stimuli-sensitive polymers for tissue engineering and drug delivery with biosurfaces is critiqued, whilst the editor provides a skillful study into the application of responsive polymers in implantable medical devices and biosensors. A comprehensive overview of switchable and responsive materials and surfaces Includes in depth analysis of thermo-responsive polymers, photonic sensitive materials and peptide-based surfaces Detailed exploration of biological interactions of responsive and switchable surfaces, covering stimuli-sensitive polymers for drug delivery, surfaces with proteins/cells and application of polymers in medical devices

Biomimetic Biomaterials

Biomimetic Biomaterials
Structure and Applications

by Andrew J Ruys

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2013-09-30
  • Pages : 344
  • ISBN : 0857098888
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A significant proportion of modern medical technology has been developed through biomimetics, which is biologically inspired by studying pre-existing functioning systems in nature. Typical biomimetically inspired biomaterials include nano-biomaterials, smart biomaterials, hybrid biomaterials, nano-biocomposites, hierarchically porous biomaterials and tissue scaffolds. This important book summarises key research in this important field. The book is divided into two parts: Part one is devoted to the biomimetics of biomaterials themselves while part two provides overviews and case studies of tissue engineering applications from a biomimetics' perspective. The book has a strong focus on cutting edge biomimetically inspired biomaterials including chitin, hydrogels, calcium phosphates, biopolymers and anti-thrombotic coatings. Since many scaffolds for skin tissue engineering are biomimetically inspired, the book also has a strong focus on the biomimetics of tissue engineering in the repair of bone, skin, cartilage, soft tissue and specific organs. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Biomimetic biomaterials is a standard reference for both the biomaterials research community and clinicians involved in such areas as bone regeneration, skin tissue and wound repair. Places strong focus on cutting edge biomimetically-inspired biomaterials including chitin, hydrogels, calcium phosphates, biopolymers and anti-thrombotic coatings Provides overviews and case studies of tissue engineering applications from a biomimetics perspective Also places focus on the biomimetics of tissue engineering in the repair of bone, skin, cartilage, soft tissue and specific organs

Biomineralization and Biomaterials

Biomineralization and Biomaterials
Fundamentals and Applications

by Conrado Aparicio,Maria Pau Ginebra

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2015-09-28
  • Pages : 482
  • ISBN : 1782423567
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biomineralization is a natural process by which living organisms form minerals in association with organic biostructures to form hybrid biological materials such as bone, enamel, dentine and nacre among others. Scientists have researched the fundamentals of these processes and the unique structures and properties of the resulting mineralized tissues. Inspired by them, new biomaterials for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine have been developed in recent years. Biomineralization and biomaterials: fundamentals and applications looks at the characteristics of these essential processes and natural materials and describes strategies and technologies to biomimetically design and produce biomaterials with improved biological performance. Provides a thorough overview of the biomineralization process Presents the most recent information on the natural process by which crystals in tissues form into inorganic structures such as bone, teeth, and other natural mineralized tissues Investigates methods for improving mineralization Explores new techniques that will help improve the biomimetic process

Functional Marine Biomaterials

Functional Marine Biomaterials
Properties and Applications

by Se-Kwon Kim

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2015-06-29
  • Pages : 170
  • ISBN : 1782420940
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Functional Marine Biomaterials: Properties and Applications provides readers with the latest information on the diverse marine environment as a resource for many new substances, including biopolymers, bioceramics, and biominerals. As recent advances and funding has enabled scientists to begin harnessing many of these materials for biomedical applications from drug delivery to bone tissue engineering and biosensors, this important new text provides readers with a comprehensive review of these materials and their functional applications in the biomedical field. Chapters discuss the properties of the main classes of functional marine biomaterials, applications of marine products in tissue engineering, applications in drug delivery systems, and the role of marine derived materials in medical devices. Provides readers with the latest information on the diverse marine environment as a resource for many new substances, including biopolymers, bioceramics, and biominerals Presents a comprehensive review of these materials and their functional applications in the biomedical field Discusses the properties of the main classes of functional marine biomaterials, applications of marine products in tissue engineering, applications in drug delivery systems, and the role of marine derived materials in medical devices