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Nuclear Radioactive Materials (Tenorm) in the Oil and Gas Industry

Nuclear Radioactive Materials (Tenorm) in the Oil and Gas Industry
Safety, Risk Assessment and Management

by Khalid Al Nabhani,Faisal Khan

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2019-09-02
  • Pages : 328
  • ISBN : 0128168250
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nuclear Radioactive Materials in the Oil and Gas Industry comprehensively discusses the TENORMs generated from various types of oil and gas processes and their associated adverse human health effects, effective TENORM waste management strategies, and the quantitative risk analysis. The book thoroughly investigates current knowledge, addressing the three main gaps identified in available studies: 1) Exposure to radioactivity, 2) High volume waste as a source of radiation exposure, and 3) A lack of uniform, international safety regulations. This book offers researchers, scientists and graduate and undergraduate students a comprehensive and well-researched reference that covers fundamental concepts, problem identification and solutions development. It is an ideal, comprehensive guideline for professionals involved in the oil and gas and nuclear industries who are concerned about radiological issues. Demystifies NORM and TENORM concepts and redefines TENORM from technical and nuclear scientific perspectives Addresses statistically representative data of quantitative risk assessment and dynamic accident modeling Stresses the need for legislation and consistency of safety standards relating to radiological risks posed by TENORM on health and the environment

Advances in Petrochemicals

Advances in Petrochemicals
A Book

by Vivek Patel

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2015-09-30
  • Pages : 152
  • ISBN : 9535121766
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The petrochemical industry is an important area in our pursuits for economic growth, employment generation, and basic needs. It is a huge field that encompasses many commercial petrochemical and polymer-enabled products. The book is designed to help the reader, particularly students and researchers of petroleum science and engineering, to understand synthesis, processing, mechanics, and simulation of the petroleum processes. The selection of topics addressed and the examples, tables, and graphs used to illustrate them are governed, to a large extent, by the fact that this book is aimed primarily at petroleum science and engineering technologists. Undoubtedly, this book contains must read materials for students, engineers, and researchers working in the area of petrochemicals and petroleum and provides valuable insights into the related synthesis, processing, mechanisms, and simulation. This book is concise, self-explanatory, informative, and cost-effective.

Evaluation of Guidelines for Exposures to Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials

Evaluation of Guidelines for Exposures to Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials
A Book

by National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Life Sciences,Committee on Evaluation of EPA Guidelines for Exposure to Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 1999-02-25
  • Pages : 294
  • ISBN : 0309062977
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Naturally occurring radionuclides are found throughout the earth's crust, and they form part of the natural background of radiation to which all humans are exposed. Many human activities-such as mining and milling of ores, extraction of petroleum products, use of groundwater for domestic purposes, and living in houses-alter the natural background of radiation either by moving naturally occurring radionuclides from inaccessible locations to locations where humans are present or by concentrating the radionuclides in the exposure environment. Such alterations of the natural environment can increase, sometimes substantially, radiation exposures of the public. Exposures of the public to naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM) that result from human activities that alter the natural environment can be subjected to regulatory control, at least to some degree. The regulation of public exposures to such technologically enhanced naturally occurring radioactive materials (TENORM) by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and other regulatory and advisory organizations is the subject of this study by the National Research Council's Committee on the Evaluation of EPA Guidelines for Exposures to Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials.

Radiation Source Use and Replacement

Radiation Source Use and Replacement
Abbreviated Version

by National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board,Committee on Radiation Source Use and Replacement

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 2008-05-25
  • Pages : 232
  • ISBN : 9780309110143
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In the United States there are several thousand devices containing high-activity radiation sources licensed for use in areas ranging from medical uses such as cancer therapy to safety uses such as testing of structures and industrial equipment. Those radiation sources are licensed by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission and state agencies. Concerns have been raised about the safety and security of the radiation sources, particularly amid fears that they could be used to create dirty bombs, or radiological dispersal device (RDD). In response to a request from Congress, the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission asked the National Research Council to conduct a study to review the uses of high-risk radiation sources and the feasibility of replacing them with lower risk alternatives. The study concludes that the U.S. government should consider factors such as potential economic consequences of misuse of the radiation sources into its assessments of risk. Although the committee found that replacements of most sources are possible, it is not economically feasible in some cases. The committee recommends that the U.S. government take steps to in the near term to replace radioactive cesium chloride radiation sources, a potential "dirty bomb" ingredient used in some medical and research equipment, with lower-risk alternatives. The committee further recommends that longer term efforts be undertaken to replace other sources. The book presents a number of options for making those replacements.

Tracers in the Oil Field

Tracers in the Oil Field
A Book

by B. Zemel

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 1995-01-13
  • Pages : 486
  • ISBN : 9780080543147
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is concerned with the application of tracers to a wide variety of oil field operations. It provides the necessary nuclear concepts and techniques which are basic to oil field tracer applications. Laboratory and field techniques are explained and illustrated as are the associated regulatory and safety aspects. Within the book, each area of oil field use is considered separately and specific applications of tracers discussed and relevant literature reviewed. The use of non-radioactive tracers is pointed out wherever it is applicable. Due to the nature of this competitive industry, much research is poorly documented, thus Tracers in the Oil Field aims to make the technology more available to current users in the oil field.

Applied technology; space nuclear systems; radioactive waste management

Applied technology; space nuclear systems; radioactive waste management
A Book

by United States. Congress. Joint Committee on Atomic Energy

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1973
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation

An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation
A Book

by Michael I. Ojovan,William E. Lee,Stepan N. Kalmykov

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-04-04
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN : 0081027036
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation, Third Edition examines nuclear waste issues, including natural levels of radionuclides in the environment, the geological disposal of waste-forms, and their long-term behavior. It covers all-important aspects of processing and immobilization, including nuclear decay, regulations, new technologies and methods. The book has been updated to include a discussion of the disposal of nuclear waste from non-energy sources, also adding a chapter on the nuclear fuel cycle. Significant focus is given to the analysis of the various matrices used, especially cement and glass, with further discussion of other matrices, such as bitumen. The book's final chapter concentrates on the performance assessment of immobilizing materials and safety of disposal, providing a full range of resources needed to understand and correctly immobilize nuclear waste. Focuses on core technologies and an integrated approach to immobilization and hazards Includes new scientific findings on wasteform performance and novel technological developments Provides expanded coverage on decommissioning waste, including clearance of bulk materials from regulatory control and novel processing approaches Focuses on different matrices used in nuclear waste immobilization, including cement, bitumen, glass and new materials

Principles and Applications in Nuclear Engineering

Principles and Applications in Nuclear Engineering
Radiation Effects, Thermal Hydraulics, Radionuclide Migration in the Environment

by Rehab Abdel Rahman,Hosam El-Din M. Saleh

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2018-09-19
  • Pages : 172
  • ISBN : 1789236169
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nuclear engineering could be viewed as the engineering field that ensures optimum and sustainable technological applications of natural and induced radioactive materials in different industrial sectors. This book presents some advanced applications in radiation effects, thermal hydraulics, and radionuclide migration in the environment. These scientific contributions from esteemed experts introduce some nuclear safety principals, current knowledge about radiation types, sources and applications, thermal properties of heat transfer media, and the role of sorption in retarding radionuclide migration in the environment. This book also covers the advances in identifying radiation effects in dense gas-metal systems, application of dense granular materials as high power targets in accelerator driven systems and irradiation facilities, evaluation of boiling heat transfer in narrow channels, and application of fluorescence quenching techniques to monitor uranium migration.

Management of Norm Residues

Management of Norm Residues
A Book

by International Atomic Energy Agency

  • Publisher : International Atomic Energy Agency
  • Release : 2013-07-01
  • Pages : 53
  • ISBN : 9789201427106
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Rules and Regulations

Rules and Regulations
A Book

by U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1987
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nuclear Engineering

Nuclear Engineering
A Conceptual Introduction to Nuclear Power

by Malcolm Joyce

  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release : 2017-09-18
  • Pages : 420
  • ISBN : 0081010516
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nuclear Engineering: A Conceptual Introduction to Nuclear Power provides coverage of the introductory, salient principles of nuclear engineering in a comprehensive manner for those entering the profession at the end of their degree. The nuclear power industry is undergoing a renaissance because of the desire for low-carbon baseload electricity, the growing population, and environmental concerns about shale gas, so this book is a welcomed addition to the science. In addition, users will find a great deal of information on the change in the industry, along with other topical areas of interest that are uniquely covered. Intended for undergraduate students or early postgraduate students studying nuclear engineering, this new text will also be appealing to scientifically-literate non-experts wishing to be better informed about the ‘nuclear option'. Presents a succinct and clear explanation of the key facts and concepts on how nuclear engineering power systems function and how their related fuel supply cycles operate Provides full coverage of the nuclear fuel cycle, including its scientific and historical basis Describes a comprehensive range of relevant reactor designs, from those that are defunct, current, and in plan/construction for the future, including SMRs and GenIV Summarizes all major accidents and their impact on the industry and society

Nuclear Material Performance

Nuclear Material Performance
A Book

by Rehab Abdel Rahman,Hosam El-Din M. Saleh

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2016-06-29
  • Pages : 172
  • ISBN : 9535124471
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Assessing and improving nuclear material performance is a crucial subject for the sustainability of the nuclear energy and radioactive isotope supplies. This book aims to present research efforts used to identify nuclear materials performances in different areas. The contributions of esteemed international experts have covered important research aspects in fission and fusion technologies and naturally occurring radioactive materials management. The authors introduced current and anticipated trends toward better performances and mitigating challenges for commercial application of innovative technologies, biological remediation of mine effluents, nuclear fuel performance in power and research fission reactors, gamma ray spectrometer calibration, and recent advances in understanding the performance of tungsten composite in fusion reactor environment.

Environmental Risk Assessment of Soil Contamination

Environmental Risk Assessment of Soil Contamination
A Book

by Maria C. Hernandez Soriano

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2014-03-26
  • Pages : 920
  • ISBN : 953511235X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Soil is an irreplaceable resource that sustains life on the planet, challenged by food and energy demands of an increasing population. Therefore, soil contamination constitutes a critical issue to be addressed if we are to secure the life quality of present and future generations. Integrated efforts from researchers and policy makers are required to develop sound risk assessment procedures, remediation strategies and sustainable soil management policies. Environmental Risk Assessment of Soil Contamination provides a wide depiction of current research in soil contamination and risk assessment, encompassing reviews and case studies on soil pollution by heavy metals and organic pollutants. The book introduces several innovative approaches for soil remediation and risk assessment, including advances in phytoremediation and implementation of metabolomics in soil sciences.

Radiation Protection and the Management of Radioactive Waste in the Oil and Gas Industry

Radiation Protection and the Management of Radioactive Waste in the Oil and Gas Industry
A Book

by International Atomic Energy Agency

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2003
  • Pages : 130
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The International Atomic Energy Agency has issued this series of reports on the practical methods that can be used to ensure safety and protection in peaceful activities involving radiation or radioactive materials. This series covers a wide range of topics in the realm of atomic energy. Subjects covered include: nuclear installations, nuclear fuel cycle activities, transport of radioactive material, radiation protection and safety for workers and the public, medical aspects, emergency preparedness, accident response and recovery, radioactive waste management, safety assessment, and environmental impact.

Soil Contamination

Soil Contamination
Current Consequences and Further Solutions

by Marcelo Larramendy,Sonia Soloneski

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2016-12-21
  • Pages : 356
  • ISBN : 9535128159
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This edited book, Soil Contamination - Current Consequences and Further Solutions, is intended to provide an overview on the different environmental consequences of our anthropogenic activities, which has introduced a large number of xenobiotics that the soil cannot, or can only slower, decompose or degrade. We hope that this book will continue to meet the expectations and needs of all interested in diverse fields with expertise in soil science, health, toxicology, and other disciplines who contribute and share their findings to take this area forward for future investigations.

Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology

Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
A Book

by Pim de Voogt

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-05-11
  • Pages : 123
  • ISBN : 3319307916
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology attempts to provide concise, critical reviews of timely advances, philosophy and significant areas of accomplished or needed endeavor in the total field of xenobiotics, in any segment of the environment, as well as toxicological implications.

Nuclear Law

Nuclear Law
The Law Applying to Nuclear Installations and Radioactive Substances in its Historic Context

by Stephen Tromans

  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Release : 2010-03-12
  • Pages : 610
  • ISBN : 1847315704
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is a practical guide to the international, EC and UK law applying to the various uses of nuclear energy and radioactive substances. The first edition was produced in 1997, and given the renaissance of interest in nuclear power in the UK and worldwide, this new, updated and much expanded edition is timely. It will cover the law relating to the permitting and operation of nuclear power stations, the decommissioning and clean-up of former nuclear facilities, radiological protection, the management of radioactive waste and spent fuel, liability and insurance, and the security and transport of radioactive materials. Readers will find a clear framework explaining the development and application of nuclear law, and how domestic law is based on and influenced by international and European requirements and by its historical context. In the commercial context, the chapters dealing specifically with new build and with decommissioning will be vital reading.

Nuclear Energy

Nuclear Energy
An Introduction to the Concepts, Systems, and Applications of Nuclear Processes

by Raymond L. Murray

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2013-10-22
  • Pages : 462
  • ISBN : 1483287866
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This expanded, revised, and updated fourth edition of Nuclear Energy maintains the tradition of providing clear and comprehensive coverage of all aspects of the subject, with emphasis on the explanation of trends and developments. As in earlier editions, the book is divided into three parts that achieve a natural flow of ideas: Basic Concepts, including the fundamentals of energy, particle interactions, fission, and fusion; Nuclear Systems, including accelerators, isotope separators, detectors, and nuclear reactors; and Nuclear Energy and Man, covering the many applications of radionuclides, radiation, and reactors, along with a discussion of wastes and weapons. A minimum of mathematical background is required, but there is ample opportunity to learn characteristic numbers through the illustrative calculations and the exercises. An updated Solution Manual is available to the instructor. A new feature to aid the student is a set of some 50 Computer Exercises, using a diskette of personal computer programs in BASIC and spreadsheet, supplied by the author at a nominal cost. The book is of principal value as an introduction to nuclear science and technology for early college students, but can be of benefit to science teachers and lecturers, nuclear utility trainees and engineers in other fields.

The Oil and Gas Journal

The Oil and Gas Journal
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1956-11
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Introduction to Radiation

Introduction to Radiation
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission
  • Release : 2012
  • Pages : 38
  • ISBN : 9781100215723
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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