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Nucleation in Condensed Matter

Nucleation in Condensed Matter
Applications in Materials and Biology

by Ken Kelton,Alan Lindsay Greer

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2010-03-19
  • Pages : 756
  • ISBN : 0080912648
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In Nucleation in Condensed Matter, key theoretical models for nucleation are developed and experimental data are used to discuss their range of validity. A central aim of this book is to enable the reader, when faced with a phenomenon in which nucleation appears to play a role, to determine whether nucleation is indeed important and to develop a quantitative and predictive description of the nucleation behavior. The third section of the book examines nucleation processes in practical situations, ranging from solid state precipitation to nucleation in biological systems to nucleation in food and drink. Nucleation in Condensed Matter is a key reference for an advanced materials course in phase transformations. It is also an essential reference for researchers in the field. Unified treatment of key theories, experimental evaluations and case studies Complete derivation of key models Detailed discussion of experimental measurements Examples of nucleation in diverse systems

Nucleation Theory

Nucleation Theory
A Book

by V.I. Kalikmanov

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2012-11-28
  • Pages : 316
  • ISBN : 9048136431
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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One of the most striking phenomena in condensed matter physics is the occurrence of abrupt transitions in the structure of a substance at certain temperatures or pressures. These are first order phase transitions, and examples such as the freezing of water are familiar in everyday life. The conditions at which the transformation takes place can sometimes vary. For example, the freezing point of water is not always 0°C, but the liquid can be supercooled considerably if it is pure enough and treated carefully. The reason for this phenomenon is nucleation. This monograph covers all major available routes of theoretical research of nucleation phenomena (phenomenological models, semi-phenomenological theories, density functional theories, microscopic and semi-microscopic approaches), with emphasis on the formation of liquid droplets from a metastable vapor. Also, it illustrates the application of these various approaches to experimentally relevant problems. In spite of the familiarity of the involved phenomena, it is still impossible to calculate nucleation accurately, as the properties and the kinetics of the daughter phase are insufficiently well known. Existing theories based upon classical nucleation theory have on the whole explained the trends in behavior correctly. However they often fail spectacularly to account for new data, in particular in the case of binary or, more generally, multi-component nucleation. The current challenge of this book is to go beyond such classical models and provide a more satisfactory theory by using density functional theory and microscopic computer simulations in order to describe the properties of small clusters. Also, semi-phenomenological models are proposed, which attempt to relate the properties of small clusters to known properties of the bulk phases. This monograph is an introduction as well as a compendium to researchers in soft condensed matter physics and chemical physics, graduate and post-graduate students in physics and chemistry starting on research in the area of nucleation, and to experimentalists wishing to gain a better understanding of the efforts being made to account for their data.

Energy Landscapes, Inherent Structures, and Condensed-Matter Phenomena

Energy Landscapes, Inherent Structures, and Condensed-Matter Phenomena
A Book

by Frank H. Stillinger

  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release : 2015-11-17
  • Pages : 528
  • ISBN : 0691166803
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents an authoritative and in-depth treatment of potential energy landscape theory, a powerful analytical approach to describing the atomic and molecular interactions in condensed-matter phenomena. Drawing on the latest developments in the computational modeling of many-body systems, Frank Stillinger applies this approach to a diverse range of substances and systems, including crystals, liquids, glasses and other amorphous solids, polymers, and solvent-suspended biomolecules. Stillinger focuses on the topography of the multidimensional potential energy hypersurface created when a large number of atoms or molecules simultaneously interact with one another. He explains how the complex landscape topography separates uniquely into individual "basins," each containing a local potential energy minimum or "inherent structure," and he shows how to identify interbasin transition states—saddle points—that reside in shared basin boundaries. Stillinger describes how inherent structures and their basins can be classified and enumerated by depth, curvatures, and other attributes, and how those enumerations lead logically from vastly complicated multidimensional landscapes to properties observed in the real three-dimensional world. Essential for practitioners and students across a variety of fields, the book illustrates how this approach applies equally to systems whose nuclear motions are intrinsically quantum mechanical or classical, and provides novel strategies for numerical simulation computations directed toward diverse condensed-matter systems.

Principles of Condensed Matter Physics

Principles of Condensed Matter Physics
A Book

by P. M. Chaikin,T. C. Lubensky

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2000-09-28
  • Pages : 699
  • ISBN : 9780521794503
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This successful and widely-reviewed book covering the physics of condensed matter systems is now available in paperback.

Skyrmions in Condensed Matter

Skyrmions in Condensed Matter
A Book

by Jung Hoon Han

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-10-09
  • Pages : 177
  • ISBN : 3319692461
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book summarizes some of the most exciting theoretical developments in the topological phenomena of skyrmions in noncentrosymmetric magnetic systems over recent decades. After presenting pedagogical backgrounds to the Berry phase and homotopy theory, the author systematically discusses skyrmions in the order of their development, from the Ginzburg-Landau theory, CP1 theory, Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert theory, and Monte Carlo numerical approaches. Modern topics, such as the skyrmion-electron interaction, skyrmion-magnon interaction, and various generation mechanisms of the skyrmion are examined with a focus on their general theoretical aspects. The book concludes with a chapter on the skyrmion phenomena in the cold atom context. The topics are presented at a level accessible to beginning graduate students without a substantial background in field theory. The book can also be used as a text for those who wish to engage in the physics of skyrmions in magnetic systems, or as an introduction to the various theoretical methods used in studying current condensed-matter systems.

Structure Development in Condensed Matter

Structure Development in Condensed Matter
A Book

by Janos Lendvai

  • Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
  • Release : 1997-08-25
  • Pages : 260
  • ISBN : 3035706700
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Many important properties of materials are governed by the microstructures which have evolved during their prior treatment. Therefore, the characterisation of structures and the understanding of structural changes has always been a central problem in any discipline which deals with materials.

Proceedings of the 13th General Conference of the Condensed Matter Division of the European Physical Society

Proceedings of the 13th General Conference of the Condensed Matter Division of the European Physical Society
A Book

by European Physical Society. Condensed Matter Division. General Conference

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1993
  • Pages : 747
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Shock Waves in Condensed Matter - 1983

Shock Waves in Condensed Matter - 1983
A Book

by J.R. Asay,R.A. Graham,G.K. Struab

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2012-12-02
  • Pages : 672
  • ISBN : 0444600175
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Shock Waves in Condensed Matter – 1983 covers the proceedings of the American Physical Society Topical Conference, held in Santa Fe, New Mexico on July 18-21, 1983. The book focuses on the response of matter to dynamic high pressure and temperature. The selection first elaborates on the review of theoretical calculations of phase transitions and comparisons with experimental results; theoretical and experimental studies of shock-compressed benzene and polybutene; and theory of the iron equation of state and melting curve to very high pressures. The text then ponders on nonhydrostatic effects in stress-wave induced phase transformation of calcite; Bauschinger effect model suitable for use in large computer codes; and strain rate sensitivity prediction for porous bed compaction. The manuscript takes a look at flaw nucleation and energetics of dynamic fragmentation, shock loading behavior of fused quartz, and aluminum damage simulation in high-velocity impact. Shock wave diagnostics by time-resolved infrared radiometry and non-linear Raman spectroscopy; Raman scattering temperature measurement behind a shock wave; and experiments and simulation on laser-driven shock wave evolution in aluminum targets are also discussed. The selection is a dependable reference for scientists and readers interested in the response of matter when exposed to dynamic high pressure and temperature.

Nucleation and Crystal Growth

Nucleation and Crystal Growth
Metastability of Solutions and Melts

by Keshra Sangwal

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2018-07-13
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN : 1119461596
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A unique text presenting practical information on the topic of nucleation and crystal growth processes from metastable solutions and melts Nucleation and Crystal Growth is a groundbreaking text thatoffers an overview and description of the processes and phenomena associated with metastability of solutions and melts. The author—a noted expert in the field—puts the emphasis on low-temperature solutions that are typically involved in crystallization in a wide range of industries. The text begins with a review of the basic knowledge of solutions and the fundamentals of crystallization processes. The author then explores topics related to the metastable state of solutions and melts from the standpoint of three-dimensional nucleation and crystal growth. Nucleation and Crystal Growth is the first text that contains a unified description and discussion of the many processes and phenomena occurring in the metastable zone of solutions and melts from the consideration of basic concepts of structure of crystallization. This important text: Outlines an interdisciplinary approach to the topic and offers an essential guide for crystal growth practitioners in materials science, physics, and chemical engineering Contains a comprehensive content that details the crystallization processes starting from the initial solutions and melts, all the way through nucleation, to the final crystal products Presents a unique focus and is the first book on understanding, and exploiting, metastability of solutions and melts in crystallization processes Written for specialists and researchers in the fields of materials science, condensed matter physics, and chemical engineering. Nucleation and Crystal Growth is a practical resource filled with hands-on knowledge of nucleation and crystal growth processes from metastable solutions and melts.

Kinetic Theory of Nucleation

Kinetic Theory of Nucleation
A Book

by Eli Ruckenstein,Gersh Berim

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2016-06-20
  • Pages : 476
  • ISBN : 1138032174
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Explore a Kinetic Approach to the Description of Nucleation – An Alternative to the Classical Nucleation Theory Kinetic Theory of Nucleation presents an alternative to the classical theory of nucleation in gases and liquids—the kinetic nucleation theory of Ruckenstein–Narsimhan–Nowakowski (RNNT). RNNT uses the kinetic theory of fluids to calculate the rate of evaporation of molecules from clusters, and unlike the classical nucleation theory (CNT), does not require macroscopic thermodynamics or the detailed balance principle. The book compares the rates of evaporation of molecules from—and condensation on—the surface of a nucleus of a new phase, and explains how this alternate approach can provide much higher nucleation rates than the CNT. It applies RNNT to various case studies that include the liquid-to-solid and vapor-to-liquid phase transitions, binary nucleation, heterogeneous nucleation, nucleation on soluble particles and protein folding. It also describes the system, introduces the basic equations of the kinetic theory, and defines a new model for the nucleation mechanism of protein folding. Adaptable to coursework as well as self-study, this insightful book: Uses a kinetic approach to calculate the rate of growth and decay of a cluster Includes description of vapor-to-liquid and liquid-to-solid nucleation Outlines the application of density-functional theory (DFT) methods to nucleation Proposes the combination of the new kinetic theory of nucleation with the DFT methods Illustrates the new theory with numerical calculations Describes the model for the nucleation mechanism of protein folding, and more A comprehensive guide dedicated to the kinetic theory of nucleation and cluster growth, Kinetic Theory of Nucleation emphasizes the basic concepts of the kinetic nucleation theory, incorporates findings developed from years of research and experience, and is written by highly-regarded experts.

Novel Materials and Techniques in Condensed Matter

Novel Materials and Techniques in Condensed Matter
Proceedings of the Twenty-ninth Midwest Solid State Conference Held 25-26 September, 1981, at Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois, U.S.A.

by G. W. Crabtree,P. Vashishta

  • Publisher : North Holland
  • Release : 1982
  • Pages : 346
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Shock Compression of Condensed Matter - 2007

Shock Compression of Condensed Matter - 2007
Proceedings of the Conference of the American Physical Society Topical Group on Shock Compression of Condensed Matter Held in Waikoloa, Hawai'i, June 24 - June 29, 2007

by Mark Elert,Michael D. Furnish,Ricky Chau,Neil Holmes,Jeffrey Nguyen

  • Publisher : American Institute of Physics
  • Release : 2007-12-10
  • Pages : 1500
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume embodies the most recent research on shock compression of condensed matter, and includes 335 plenary, invited and contributed papers on topics including equation of state, phase transitions, chemical reactions, and warm dense matter. Also covered are subject such as fracture, geophysics and planetary science, and energetic materials, among others. All papers are peer-reviewed, and recent developments in the field of shock compression of condensed matter are covered.

9th General Conference of the Condensed Matter Division, Nice, France, 6-9 March 1989

9th General Conference of the Condensed Matter Division, Nice, France, 6-9 March 1989
A Book

by European Physical Society. Condensed Matter Division. General Conference

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1989
  • Pages : 264
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nucleation and Atmospheric Aerosols

Nucleation and Atmospheric Aerosols
Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Conference on Nucleation and Atmospheric Aerosols

by Norihiko Fukuta,Paul E. Wagner

  • Publisher : A Deepak Pub
  • Release : 1992
  • Pages : 523
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nucleation and Atmospheric Aerosols

Nucleation and Atmospheric Aerosols
Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Conference on Nucleation and Atmospheric Aerosols

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1992
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Condensed matter theories

Condensed matter theories
A Book

by M. de Llano,San Francisco State University,C. Fiolhais,J. Da Providencia

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2003
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Shock Compression of Condensed Matter--1995

Shock Compression of Condensed Matter--1995
Proceedings of the Conference of the American Physical Society Topical Group on Shock Compression of Condensed Matter Held at Seattle, Washington, August 13-18, 1995

by S. C. Schmidt,William C. Tao

  • Publisher : A I P Press
  • Release : 1996
  • Pages : 1285
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Annotation A two-volume set containing papers from the August 1995 conference, describing both the micro- and macroscopic mechanical, chemical, electromagnetic, and optical response of condensed phase materials to shock stimuli, and discussing theoretical, computational, and experimental results. Includes sections on equations of state, phase transitions, material properties and synthesis, and optical, electrical, and laser studies, with emphasis on explosive behavior and initiation. Other highlights include explosive safety and shock waves for industrial and medical applications, measurement techniques, and gauge development. Includes a plenary lecture on applications of shock compression science to Earth and planetary physics. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.

Shock waves in condensed matter and heterogeneous media

Shock waves in condensed matter and heterogeneous media
proceedings of the 19th International Symposium on Shock Waves, held at Marseille, France, 26-30 July 1993

by Raymond Brun,Lucien Z. Dumitrescu

  • Publisher : Springer Verlag
  • Release : 1995
  • Pages : 485
  • ISBN : 9783540577126
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Recently, there have been significant advances in the fields of high-enthalpy hypersonic flows, high-temperature gas physics, and chemistry shock propagation in various media, industrial and medical applications of shock waves, and shock-tube technology. This series contains all the papers and lectures of the 19th International Symposium on Shock Waves held in Marseille in 1993. They are published in four topical volumes, each containing papers on related topics, and preceded by an overview wrtitten by a leading international expert. The volumes may be purchased independently.

Condensed Matter Theories

Condensed Matter Theories
A Book

by F. B. Malik

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2000
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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10th General Conference of the Condensed Matter Division, Lisbon, Portugal, 9-12 April, 1990

10th General Conference of the Condensed Matter Division, Lisbon, Portugal, 9-12 April, 1990
A Book

by European Physical Society. Condensed Matter Division. General Conference

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1990
  • Pages : 200
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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