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Nutrition and Functional Foods for Healthy Aging

Nutrition and Functional Foods for Healthy Aging
A Book

by Ronald Ross Watson

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2017-02-01
  • Pages : 386
  • ISBN : 0128092998
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nutrition and Functional Foods for Healthy Aging aims to equip anyone studying geriatric nutrition or working with aging adults with the latest scientific reviews of critical topics. The major objective of this book is to review, in detail, the health problems of the aged and how normal food, lifestyle, or nutritional and dietary supplements can help treat them. Nutrient requirements for optimum health and function of aging physiological systems are often quite distinct from those required for young people. The special nutrition problems of the aged are intensively researched and tested, especially as the elderly become a larger percentage of the population. Many chronic diseases and cancers are found with higher frequency in the aged, and it is also widely known that many elderly people use foods and nutrients well above the recommended daily allowance, which can be detrimental to optimal health. Explains the evidence supporting nutritional interventions relevant to age-related diseases Reviews the macro- and micro-nutrient requirements of aging adults and their variables Describes how alcohol, drugs, and caffeine can impact deficiencies, also exploring functional food and dietary supplements that can be used for prevention and treatment

Functional and Healthy Foods for Longevity

Functional and Healthy Foods for Longevity
A Book

by Danik M Martirosyan

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2020-09-08
  • Pages : 128
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Functional Food Center has held 28 successful International Conferences, including this one, since 2004. We take special interest in enabling the assimilation of scientific knowledge at our conferences under the series "Functional Foods and Chronic Diseases: Science and Practice." The 28th International Conference was held on August 28th to August 29th, 2020 virtually this year. This conference was titled "Functional and Healthy Foods for Longevity: Bioactive Compounds and Biomarkers in Age-Related Diseases"Main conference sessions include: Session 1. Opening and Keynote Session. Session 2: Nutritional Support for Fighting COVID-19Session 3: Enhancing the Elderly's Immune System to Fight Chronic and Viral DiseasesSession 4. Diet, Nutrition and Functional Foods for Older Adults Session 5. Prebiotics, Probiotics, Microbiota, and Healthy Aging Session 6: Functional Foods and Bioactive Compounds for Disease Management and Healthy Aging Session 7: Functional Ingredients/Bioactive Compounds and Healthy Aging Session 8: Biomarkers and Bioactive Compounds and Chronic Diseases Management: Anti-Aging Strategies Session 9: Functional Foods: Definition, Regulations in Japan and USAPosters Sessions and Exhibition Sessions were held at the end of each day. Presented in this book are scientists, food manufacturers, and healthcare professionals who are committed to functional food research. They have brought together ideas and research to prevent and manage chronic illnesses in order to improve quality of life through the utilization of functional foods with bioactive compounds

Ebersole and Hess' Gerontological Nursing and Healthy Aging in Canada E-Book

Ebersole and Hess' Gerontological Nursing and Healthy Aging in Canada E-Book
A Book

by Veronique Boscart,Lynn McCleary,Linda Sheiban Taucar,Theris A. Touhy,Kathleen F Jett

  • Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
  • Release : 2022-06-12
  • Pages : 496
  • ISBN : 0323778755
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Gain the knowledge and skills you need to care for older adults in Canada! Ebersole and Hess' Gerontological Nursing & Healthy Aging in Canada, 3rd Edition uses a wellness-based, holistic approach to older adult care from a distinctly Canadian perspective. Designed to promote healthy aging regardless of the patient’s situation or disorder, this book provides best-practice guidelines to help you identify potential problems, address complications, and alleviate discomfort. An Evolve website includes new Next Generation NCLEX®-style case studies and PN competencies case studies to enhance your skills in clinical judgement. Written by a team of gerontological nursing experts led by Veronique Boscart, this concise guide covers health care in the context of the cultural and socio-economic issues unique to Canada. Core competencies identified by the CGNA are integrated throughout the book, reinforcing the standards of the Canadian Gerontological Nursing Association. Assessment guidelines and tools are featured in tables, boxes, and forms, including the latest scales and guidelines for proper health assessment. Focus on health and wellness highlights all aspects of the aging process. Attention to age, cultural, and gender differences helps you care for different population groups. Evidence-informed Practice boxes summarize research findings and identify those practices with unknown, ineffective, or harmful effects, and examine topics such as culturally safe health initiatives for Indigenous Peoples, lifelong learning and its effects on the wellbeing of older adults, challenges in home care and long-term care homes, and improving outcomes and improving outcomes for seniors living with a stroke or dementia. Activities and discussion questions at the end of every chapter help you understand the material and apply concepts in clinical situations.

Endocrinology of Aging

Endocrinology of Aging
Clinical Aspects in Diagrams and Images

by Marc R. Blackman,Ricardo Correa,S. Mitchell Harman,Antonio Ruiz-Torres

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-09-25
  • Pages : 724
  • ISBN : 0128223847
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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According to the United Nations, the number of people aged 60 years or over in the world is projected to be 1.4 billion in 2030 and 2.1 billion in 2050. Endocrinologists and other clinicians face the challenge of caring for the elderly. To do so, they need to incorporate geriatric principles into their clinical practice. Endocrinology of Aging: Clinical Aspects in Diagrams and Images presents chapters in a way that allows the reader to incorporate concepts and main facts of complex subjects in a visual way. As the global population becomes older, the need for a deeper understanding of geriatric pathology increases, and with it, the access to educational resources for the endocrinology and metabolism of aging. Chapters divided according to specific endocrine and metabolic systems, providing evidence-based content regarding what is known about the function of endocrine and metabolic systems altered during the aging process Addresses physiological changes that alter the pathophysiology of the clinical picture, explaining the characteristic pathological expressions of hormonal and metabolic disorders in the advanced age Editors and authors are clinical endocrinologists, geriatricians, internists and endocrine surgeons, with extensive global experience in clinical and experimental gerontology Considers the patient transitioning from young adult to elderly, discussing the endocrinological challenge to discern physiology from pathology Focuses on age as an essential factor for diagnostic and endocrine management Includes many pictures and diagrams, making it a user-friendly reference guide for practicing physicians

Research Anthology on Supporting Healthy Aging in a Digital Society

Research Anthology on Supporting Healthy Aging in a Digital Society
A Book

by Management Association, Information Resources

  • Publisher : IGI Global
  • Release : 2022-02-04
  • Pages : 1875
  • ISBN : 1668452960
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In today’s rapidly evolving society, there has been an increase in technologies and systems available to support the elderly throughout various aspects of life. We have come a long way in the quality of life we can offer our aging populations in recent years due to these technological innovations, medical advancements, and research initiatives. However, further study of these developments is crucial to ensure they are utilized to their utmost potential in securing a healthier elderly population. The Research Anthology on Supporting Healthy Aging in a Digital Society discusses the current challenges of aging in the modern world as well as recent developments in medicine and technology that can be used to improve the quality of life of elderly citizens. Covering a wide range of topics such as smart homes, remote healthcare, and aging in place, this reference work is ideal for healthcare professionals, gerontologists, therapists, government officials, policymakers, researchers, academicians, practitioners, scholars, instructors, and students.

Personalized Food Intervention and Therapy for Autism Spectrum Disorder Management

Personalized Food Intervention and Therapy for Autism Spectrum Disorder Management
A Book

by M. Mohamed Essa,M. Walid Qoronfleh

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-01-31
  • Pages : 693
  • ISBN : 3030304027
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book focuses on implications of traditional and processed foods for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) intervention and management. Numerous phytonutrients and pharmacologically active compounds in edible natural products and diet could influence and offer protection to neuronal dysfunction that occurs due to ASD. The neuroprotective effects of various fruits, vegetables, nuts and seeds phytochemicals, and other natural bioactive ingredients against ASD and related conditions are discussed. Topics such as the possible neuroprotective mechanism of action of these foods and the therapeutic role of antioxidants in relation to ASD are addressed. This book also highlights the scope of using anti-inflammatory agents and antioxidants to promote neurogenesis and improve other symptoms in ASD. It emphasizes personalized nutritional approaches with dietary management of neurodevelopmental disorders/ASD cases. Information in this book is relevant to researchers in the field of complementary and alternative medicine, nutraceuticals, neuroscience, agriculture, nutrition, and food science. This volume is beneficial to students of varying levels, and across multiple disciplines.

Membrane Separation of Food Bioactive Ingredients

Membrane Separation of Food Bioactive Ingredients
A Book

by Seid Mahdi Jafari,Roberto Castro-Muñoz

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2022-03-11
  • Pages : 479
  • ISBN : 3030846431
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book covers current developments in membrane-based technologies for the successful recovery of food bioactive ingredients and molecules. Chapters explore emerging technologies, such as microfiltration, ultrafiltration, nanofiltration, and membrane distillation, for the selective concentration and food ingredients from food by-products, as well as techniques, such as pervaporation, for the selective separation and recovery of aroma compounds. The text provides one of the first examinations of other membrane-based technologies, such as liquid membranes (microemulsions), membrane distillation (MD) and pervaporation (PV), as thermal driven membrane processes. The separation of metabolites from microalgae and fermentation broths using membrane technologies is also covered. Researchers in food science, pharmaceutics and biotechnology looking to stay up-to-date on bioactive recovery, as well as membranologists exploring new applications for membrane-based technologies, will find this text a useful resource.

Exploring the Nutrition and Health Benefits of Functional Foods

Exploring the Nutrition and Health Benefits of Functional Foods
A Book

by Shekhar, Hossain Uddin,Howlader, Zakir Hossain,Kabir, Yearul

  • Publisher : IGI Global
  • Release : 2016-07-22
  • Pages : 523
  • ISBN : 152250592X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Health and nutrition have become global focal points as the population continues to grow exponentially. While providing food for the global population is crucial, it is also necessary to provide options that are nutritious in order to promote healthier lifestyles around the world. Exploring the Nutrition and Health Benefits of Functional Foods provides a comprehensive overview of how dietary nutrition can impact people’s lives, prevent disease, and maintain an overall healthier lifestyle. Highlighting theoretical and practical attributes of different functional foods and how they are utilized globally, this book is an essential reference for researchers, academics, students, policy makers, government officials, and technology developers.

Debating Your Plate: The Most Controversial Foods and Ingredients

Debating Your Plate: The Most Controversial Foods and Ingredients
A Book

by Randi Minetor

  • Publisher : ABC-CLIO
  • Release : 2021-11-30
  • Pages : 222
  • ISBN : 1440874360
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Most people aspire to eat healthy, but what exactly does that mean? While some foods are universally acknowledged as beneficial, such as many vegetables, and others are widely condemned, such as added sugar, many foods have a more controversial reputation. Debating Your Plate: The Most Controversial Foods and Ingredients offers in-depth coverage of some of the most hotly debated items on grocery store shelves and dinner plates. Each entry provides thorough background and contextual information before examining the unique issues and controversies that surround that food or ingredient. By presenting both sides of the argument in clear, unbiased language, the book allows readers to form their own opinions about which items to include in their diet and which to avoid. On a larger scale, the book also examines why nutrition science is so prone to controversy and ambiguity, and it offers readers guidance on how to evaluate health claims for themselves.

Probiotics in Food Safety and Human Health

Probiotics in Food Safety and Human Health
A Book

by Ipek Goktepe,Vijay K. Juneja,Mohamed Ahmedna

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2005-10-10
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN : 1420027573
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The discovery of new and previously unknown organisms that cause foodborne illness makes it essential for scientists, regulators, and those in the food industry to reconsider their traditional approaches to food preservation. A single source reference that can provide the latest practical information on how to deal with the range of probiotic health issues that have recently arisen would be invaluable to have. Probiotics in Food Safety and Human Health is that resource. It presents an in-depth characterization and diagnosis of probiotic strains and their mechanisms of action in humans, explains the role food applications have in the development of new products that guard against gastrointestinal diseases, and addresses the current regulatory environment. The material in each chapter is written in an accessible format by internationally renowned experts and includes citations from scientific literature. Highlights include a thorough discussion of probiotic issues such as pre- and postharvest food safety applications of probiotics, genetic engineering, and probiotic identification. The book also presents information on new regulations and emerging trends in the two major probiotics markets in the world, Europe and Japan. Unique in its depth and breadth of scope, Probiotics in Food Safety and Human Health provides vital information to those who need to be knowledgeable of the functional properties of foods aimed at improving human health.

Nutrients and Nutraceuticals for Active & Healthy Ageing

Nutrients and Nutraceuticals for Active & Healthy Ageing
A Book

by Seyed Mohammad Nabavi,Grazia D'Onofrio,Seyed Fazel Nabavi

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-09-28
  • Pages : 282
  • ISBN : 9811535523
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book focuses on the nutrients and nutraceuticals that promote active and healthy ageing – recently defined by the WHO as the process of development and maintenance of functional capacity that allows well-being at an advanced stage of life. There has been a rapid rise in the use of nutritional interventions as well as specific nutraceuticals in the management of multifactorial aspects of clinical health outcomes. Written by leading experts this book comprehensively discusses the various ageing phenotypes and age-related diseases. It also assesses the nutritional status of the elderly and the various epidemiological factors that influence it. It reviews the role of dietary fiber in disease-free and fully functional ageing. Further, the book explores the benefits of polyphenols, which are secondary plant metabolites, in protecting against cancer, cardiovascular diseases, and various neurodegenerative diseases.

Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals in Metabolic and Non-communicable Diseases

Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals in Metabolic and Non-communicable Diseases
A Book

by Ram B. Singh

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2021-11-30
  • Pages : 854
  • ISBN : 0128231750
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals in Metabolic and Non-communicable Diseases presents strategies for the prevention of non-communicable diseases and undernutrition through the use of functional foods and nutraceuticals. Research has shown that the use of certain functional foods and nutraceuticals, including spices, herbs, and millets, animal foods and plant foods can play a role in the treatment and prevention of various diseases and in health promotion. Finally, the book explores epigenetic modulation as a new method for the development of functional foods and functional farming. Intended for nutritionists, food scientists and those working in related health science professions, this book contributes to the discussions focused on nutritional transition, globalization, how to administer foods in the treatment of metabolic syndrome, hypertension, diabetes, heart attacks, neuropsychiatric disorders, bone and joint diseases, and carcinogenesis. Places emphasis on food diversity to provide perfect combinations of nutritional ingredients Presents the utility and necessity of functional food production for health promotion Offers suggestions to increase functional food production while simultaneously decreasing production costs

Innovation in Healthy and Functional Foods

Innovation in Healthy and Functional Foods
A Book

by Dilip Ghosh,Shantanu Das,Debasis Bagchi,R.B. Smarta

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2016-04-19
  • Pages : 616
  • ISBN : 1439862699
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The focus of food science and technology has shifted from previous goals of improving food safety and enhancing food taste toward providing healthy and functional foods. Today's consumers desire foods that go beyond basic nutrition-foods capable of promoting better health, or even playing a disease-prevention role. To meet this need for innovation,

Advances in Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods

Advances in Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods
Concepts and Applications

by Sreerag Gopi,Preetha Balakrishnan

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2022-05-19
  • Pages : 378
  • ISBN : 100056567X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book examines the rapidly growing field of functional foods in the prevention and management of chronic and infectious diseases. Chapters explore the varied sources, biochemical properties, metabolics, health benefits, and safety of bioactive ingredients of nutraceutical and functional food products. Special emphasis is given to linking the molecular and chemical structures of biologically active components in foods to their nutritional and pharmacological effects on human health and wellness. In addition to discussing scientific and clinical rationales for different sources of functional foods, the book also explains in detail scientific methodologies used to investigate the functionality, effectiveness, and safety of bioactive ingredients in food. The chapter authors discuss advanced nanocarriers for nutraceuticals based on structured lipids and nonlipids, nanoparticulate approaches for improved nutrient bioavailability, adulteration and safety issues, nanodelivery systems, microencapsulation, and more. The book discusses some particular health benefits from nutrition nutraceuticals, including probiotic dairy and non-dairy products and bioactive proteins and peptides as functional foods. The volume also gives an overview of emerging trends, growth patterns, and new opportunities in the field of nutraceuticals and functional foods.

Dietary Patterns and Whole Plant Foods in Aging and Disease

Dietary Patterns and Whole Plant Foods in Aging and Disease
A Book

by Mark L. Dreher

  • Publisher : Humana Press
  • Release : 2018-02-13
  • Pages : 619
  • ISBN : 3319591800
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This text provides a comprehensive review of the latest research on the effects of dietary patterns and whole plant foods on general health, aging, and cardiometabolic disease risk from major prospective cohort studies and randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and their meta-analyses. The book extensively assesses, the effects of lifestyle, dietary patterns, and specific whole plant foods on the quality of aging; the impact of fiber-rich foods on colonic microbiotia and weight regulation, the effects of which influence the quality of aging; the effects of fiber-rich diets on the aging gastrointestinal tract; and the role of dietary patterns and specific whole plant foods on coronary heart disease, hypertension, chronic kidney disease, stroke and type 2 diabetes. Figures are extensively used to highlight findings and tables summarizing food composition dietary patterns and whole plant foods. Tables summarizing meta-analyses and representative cohort studies and RCTs provide state-of-the-art coverage of the important effect of dietary patterns and whole plant foods on aging and cardiometabolic diseases. Dietary Patterns and Whole Plant Foods in Aging and Disease will serve as a very useful, state -of -the-art resource for dietitians, physicians, nurses, food industry scientists, researchers, naturopathic doctors, educators and their students interested in the role of dietary patterns and specific whole plant foods on aging and disease. The probability of healthy aging and disease prevention is significantly improved by 70% when individuals and populations follow a healthy lifestyle. Healthy lifestyle choices include adhering to a healthy dietary pattern, increasing physical activity most days of the week, achieving and maintaining lean body weight and waist size, and the cessation of smoking. It is estimated that 90% or more of those in westernized populations are on track for unhealthy aging and increased cardiometabolic disease risk, especially with the obesity pandemic associated with relatively poor diet quality and sedentary lifestyles. Healthy dietary patterns significantly lower risk of all-cause mortality and chronic disease incidence compared to Western dietary patterns. Since healthy whole and minimally processed plant foods vary widely in their nutrient and phytochemical compositions, their overall benefit in aging and disease may vary depending on the specific whole plant foods consumed.

The Mediterranean Diet

The Mediterranean Diet
An Evidence-Based Approach

by Victor R Preedy,Ronald Ross Watson

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-07-07
  • Pages : 614
  • ISBN : 0128195789
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Mediterranean Diet: An Evidence-Based Approach, Second Edition provides authoritative material on the many facets surrounding the complex interrelationships between diet, nutrition, health and well-being. The book discusses historical, cultural and scientific foundations, with chapters delving into nutritional adequacy, agricultural practices, food culture, mortality, quality of life, children and adolescents, behavior, cardiovascular diseases, diet quality, nutritional knowledge, nuts, minerals, olive oil, hydroxytyrosol, water, antioxidant nutritional status, ketogenics, adiposity, metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular risk, nutrigenetics, epigenetics, the link between epigenetics and pregnancy, gene polymorphisms bone health, insulin signaling inflammatory gene expression, and more. Provides supportive evidence to embrace a holistic approach in understanding the Mediterranean diet, from the cell to the well-being of geographical populations Addresses concepts, overviews, components of the diet, and medical, health and nutritional aspects Contains coverage of emerging fields of diet science and important discoveries relating to diet and nutrition

The Health Benefits of Foods

The Health Benefits of Foods
Current Knowledge and Further Development

by Liana Claudia Salanta

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2020-04-01
  • Pages : 178
  • ISBN : 1789859336
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The global market of foods with health claims remains highly dynamic and is predicted to expand even further. Consumers have become increasingly aware of the importance of consuming healthy foods in order to have a well-balanced diet and this has increased the demand for foods with health benefits. On the other hand, the food sector companies are trying to meet the new consumers' expectations while designing a variety of novel, enhanced products. Thus, understanding the potential uses of bioactive compounds in food products, the wide range of therapeutic effects, and the possible mechanisms of action is essential for developing healthier products. Covering important aspects of valuable food molecules, this book revises the current knowledge, providing scientifically demonstrated information about the benefits and uses of functional food components, their applications, and the future challenges in nutrition and diet.

The Role of Functional Food Security in Global Health

The Role of Functional Food Security in Global Health
A Book

by Ronald Ross Watson,Ram B. Singh,Toru Takahashi

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2018-11-02
  • Pages : 792
  • ISBN : 0128131497
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Role of Functional Food Security in Global Health presents a collective approach to food security through the use of functional foods as a strategy to prevent under nutrition and related diseases. This approach reflects the views of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, the World Health Organization, the World Heart Federation and the American Heart Association who advise Mediterranean, Paleolithic, plant food based diets, and European vegetarian diets for the prevention of cardiovascular disease. In addition, the book also emphasizes the inclusion of spices, herbs and millets, as well as animal foods. This book will be a great resource to the food industry as it presents the most efficient ways to use technology to manufacture slowly absorbed, micronutrient rich functional foods by blending foods that are rich in healthy nutrients. Provides greater knowledge on functional food security Highlights the necessary changes to the western diet that are needed to achieve food security Explains the utility and necessity of functional food security in the prevention of noncommunicable diseases Presents policy changes in food production for farmers and the larger food industry Offers suggestions on what can be done to enhance functional food production while simultaneously decreasing production costs

Preventive Nutrition

Preventive Nutrition
The Comprehensive Guide for Health Professionals

by Adrianne Bendich,Richhard J. Deckelbaum

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2010-04-19
  • Pages : 984
  • ISBN : 1592598803
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In this major revision and expansion of a highly respected reference work, the authors have created the most comprehensive and up-to-date review of the nutritional strategies available for the prevention of disease and the promotion of health through nutrition. This new edition combines fully updated versions of the best chapters of the first two editions with updated critical chapters from the much-praised Primary and Secondary Preventive Nutrition, and adds 16 new chapters. Here, practicing health professionals will find all new reviews of lycopene, tomatoes and prostate cancer, soy and cancer prevention; the effects of dietary supplement use on prescription drugs, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, and cardiovascular disease; balanced, data-driven reviews of the effects of antioxidant supplements on health outcomes, and more. By synthesizing the latest data and integrating it into the broad body of existing information, this book provides in-depth guidance on nutrition and the prevention of cancer, cardiovascular disease, bone diseases, obesity, and diabetes, and on achieving optimal pregnancies and birth outcomes.

Nutrition, Food and Diet in Ageing and Longevity

Nutrition, Food and Diet in Ageing and Longevity
A Book

by Suresh I. S. Rattan,Gurcharan Kaur

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021-11-04
  • Pages : 642
  • ISBN : 3030830179
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This edited volume is a compilation of 30 articles discussing what constitutes food for health and longevity. The aim is to provide up-to-date information, insights, and future tendencies in the ongoing scientific research about nutritional components, food habits and dietary patterns in different cultures. The health-sustaining and health-promoting effects of food are certainly founded in its overall composition of macronutrients and micronutrients. However, the consumption of these nutrients is normally in the form of raw or prepared food from the animal and plant sources. The book is divided into four parts and a conclusion, and successfully convenes the well-established information and knowledge, along with the personal views of a diversified group of researchers and academicians on the multifaceted aspects of nutrition, food and diet. The first part reviews the scientific information about proteins, carbohydrates, fats and oils, micronutrients, pro- and pre-biotics, and hormetins, along with a discussion of the evolutionary principles and constraints about what is optimal food, if any. The second part discusses various kinds of foods and food supplements with respect to their claimed benefits for general health and prevention of some diseases. The third part brings in the cultural aspects, such as what are the principles of healthy eating according to the traditional Chinese and Indian systems, what is the importance of mealing times and daily rhythms, and how different cultures have developed different folk wisdoms for eating for health, longevity and immortality. In the part four, various approaches which are either already in practice or are still in the testing and research phases are discussed and evaluated critically, for example intermittent fasting and calorie restriction, food-based short peptides, senolytics, Ayurvedic compounds, optimal food for old people, and food for the prevention of obesity and other metabolic disorders. The overreaching aim of this book is to inform, inspire and encourage students, researchers, educators and medical health professionals thinking about food and food habits in a holistic context of our habits, cultures and patterns. Food cannot be reduced to a pill of nutritional components. Eating food is a complex human behavior culturally evolved over thousands of years. Perhaps the old adage “we are what we eat” needs to be modified to “we eat what we are”.