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On-Chip Communication Architectures

On-Chip Communication Architectures
System on Chip Interconnect

by Sudeep Pasricha,Nikil Dutt

  • Publisher : Morgan Kaufmann
  • Release : 2010-07-28
  • Pages : 544
  • ISBN : 9780080558288
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Over the past decade, system-on-chip (SoC) designs have evolved to address the ever increasing complexity of applications, fueled by the era of digital convergence. Improvements in process technology have effectively shrunk board-level components so they can be integrated on a single chip. New on-chip communication architectures have been designed to support all inter-component communication in a SoC design. These communication architecture fabrics have a critical impact on the power consumption, performance, cost and design cycle time of modern SoC designs. As application complexity strains the communication backbone of SoC designs, academic and industrial R&D efforts and dollars are increasingly focused on communication architecture design. On-Chip Communication Architecures is a comprehensive reference on concepts, research and trends in on-chip communication architecture design. It will provide readers with a comprehensive survey, not available elsewhere, of all current standards for on-chip communication architectures. A definitive guide to on-chip communication architectures, explaining key concepts, surveying research efforts and predicting future trends Detailed analysis of all popular standards for on-chip communication architectures Comprehensive survey of all research on communication architectures, covering a wide range of topics relevant to this area, spanning the past several years, and up to date with the most current research efforts Future trends that with have a significant impact on research and design of communication architectures over the next several years

On-Chip Communication Architectures

On-Chip Communication Architectures
A Book

by Sudeep Pasricha,Nikil Dutt

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 544
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Over the past decade, system-on-chip (SoC) designs have evolved to address the ever increasing complexity of applications, fueled by the era of digital convergence. Improvements in process technology have effectively shrunk board-level components so they can be integrated on a single chip. New on-chip communication architectures have been designed to support all inter-component communication in a SoC design. These communication architecture fabrics have a critical impact on the power consumption, performance, cost and design cycle time of modern SoC designs. As application complexity strains the communication backbone of SoC designs, academic and industrial R & D efforts and dollars are increasingly focused on communication architecture design. On-Chip Communication Architecures is a comprehensive reference on concepts, research and trends in on-chip communication architecture design. It will provide readers with a comprehensive survey, not available elsewhere, of all current standards for on-chip communication architectures. A definitive guide to on-chip communication architectures, explaining key concepts, surveying research efforts and predicting future trends Detailed analysis of all popular standards for on-chip communication architectures Comprehensive survey of all research on communication architectures, covering a wide range of topics relevant to this area, spanning the past several years, and up to date with the most current research efforts Future trends that with have a significant impact on research and design of communication architectures over the next several years.

Modeling, Analysis and Optimization of Network-on-Chip Communication Architectures

Modeling, Analysis and Optimization of Network-on-Chip Communication Architectures
A Book

by Umit Y. Ogras,Radu Marculescu

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-03-12
  • Pages : 174
  • ISBN : 9400739583
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Traditionally, design space exploration for Systems-on-Chip (SoCs) has focused on the computational aspects of the problem at hand. However, as the number of components on a single chip and their performance continue to increase, the communication architecture plays a major role in the area, performance and energy consumption of the overall system. As a result, a shift from computation-based to communication-based design becomes mandatory. Towards this end, network-on-chip (NoC) communication architectures have emerged recently as a promising alternative to classical bus and point-to-point communication architectures. In this dissertation, we study outstanding research problems related to modeling, analysis and optimization of NoC communication architectures. More precisely, we present novel design methodologies, software tools and FPGA prototypes to aid the design of application-specific NoCs.

Designing Low Power and High Performance Network-on-Chip Communication Architectures for Nanometer SoCs

Designing Low Power and High Performance Network-on-Chip Communication Architectures for Nanometer SoCs
A Book

by Gursharan Kaur Reehal

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2012
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Abstract: Network-on-Chip (NoC) communication architectures have been recognized as the most scalable and efficient solution for on chip communication challenges in the multi-core era. Diverse demanding applications coupled with the ability to integrate billions of transistors on a single chip are some of the main driving forces behind ever increasing performance requirements towards the level that requires several tens to over a hundred of cores per chip. Small scale multicore processors so far have been a great commercial success and found applicability in many applications. Systems using multi-core processors are now the norm rather than the exception. As the number of cores or components integrated into a single system is keep increasing, the design of on-chip communication architecture is becoming more challenging. The increasing number of components in a system translates into more inter-component communication that must be handled by the on-chip communication infrastructure. Future system-on-chip (SoC) designs require predictable, scalable and reusable on-chip communication architectures to increase reliability and productivity. Current bus-based interconnect architectures are inherently non-scalable, less adaptable for reuse and their reliability decreases with system size. NoC communication guarantees scalability, high-speed, high-bandwidth communication with minimal wiring overhead and routing issues. NoCs are layered, packet-based on-chip communication networks integrated onto a single chip. NoC consists of resources and switches that are directly connected in a way that resources are able to communicate with each other by sending messages. The proficiency of a NoC to meet its design goals and budget requirements for the target application depends on its design. Often, these design goals conflict and trade-off with each other. The multi-dimensional pull of design constraints in addition to technology scaling complicates the process of NoC design in many aspects, as they are expected to support high performance and reliability along with low cost, smaller area, less time-to-market and lower power consumption. To aid in the process, this research presents design methodologies to achieve low power and high performance NoC communication architectures for nanometer SoCs.

Communication Architectures for Systems-on-Chip

Communication Architectures for Systems-on-Chip
A Book

by José L. Ayala

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-09-03
  • Pages : 449
  • ISBN : 1439841713
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A presentation of state-of-the-art approaches from an industrial applications perspective, Communication Architectures for Systems-on-Chip shows professionals, researchers, and students how to attack the problem of data communication in the manufacture of SoC architectures. With its lucid illustration of current trends and research improving the performance, quality, and reliability of transactions, this is an essential reference for anyone dealing with communication mechanisms for embedded systems, systems-on-chip, and multiprocessor architectures—or trying to overcome existing limitations. Exploring architectures currently implemented in manufactured SoCs—and those being proposed—this book analyzes a wide range of applications, including: Well-established communication buses Less common networks-on-chip Modern technologies that include the use of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) Optical links used to speed up data transfer and boost both security and quality of service (QoS) The book’s contributors pay special attention to newer problems, including how to protect transactions of critical on-chip information (personal data, security keys, etc.) from an external attack. They examine mechanisms, revise communication protocols involved, and analyze overall impact on system performance.

Sustainable Wireless Network-on-Chip Architectures

Sustainable Wireless Network-on-Chip Architectures
A Book

by Jacob Murray,Paul Wettin,Partha Pratim Pande,Behrooz Shirazi

  • Publisher : Morgan Kaufmann
  • Release : 2016-03-25
  • Pages : 162
  • ISBN : 0128036516
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sustainable Wireless Network-on-Chip Architectures focuses on developing novel Dynamic Thermal Management (DTM) and Dynamic Voltage and Frequency Scaling (DVFS) algorithms that exploit the advantages inherent in WiNoC architectures. The methodologies proposed—combined with extensive experimental validation—collectively represent efforts to create a sustainable NoC architecture for future many-core chips. Current research trends show a necessary paradigm shift towards green and sustainable computing. As implementing massively parallel energy-efficient CPUs and reducing resource consumption become standard, and their speed and power continuously increase, energy issues become a significant concern. The need for promoting research in sustainable computing is imperative. As hundreds of cores are integrated in a single chip, designing effective packages for dissipating maximum heat is infeasible. Moreover, technology scaling is pushing the limits of affordable cooling, thereby requiring suitable design techniques to reduce peak temperatures. Addressing thermal concerns at different design stages is critical to the success of future generation systems. DTM and DVFS appear as solutions to avoid high spatial and temporal temperature variations among NoC components, and thereby mitigate local network hotspots. Defines new complex, sustainable network-on-chip architectures to reduce network latency and energy Develops topology-agnostic dynamic thermal management and dynamic voltage and frequency scaling techniques Describes joint strategies for network- and core-level sustainability Discusses novel algorithms that exploit the advantages inherent in Wireless Network-on-Chip architectures

Networks-on-Chips

Networks-on-Chips
Theory and Practice

by Fayez Gebali,Haytham Elmiligi,Mohamed Watheq El-Kharashi

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2011-06-03
  • Pages : 389
  • ISBN : 1439859639
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The implementation of networks-on-chip (NoC) technology in VLSI integration presents a variety of unique challenges. To deal with specific design solutions and research hurdles related to intra-chip data exchange, engineers are challenged to invoke a wide range of disciplines and specializations while maintaining a focused approach. Leading Researchers Present Cutting-Edge Designs Tools Networks-on-Chips: Theory and Practice facilitates this process, detailing the NoC paradigm and its benefits in separating IP design and functionality from chip communication requirements and interfacing. It starts with an analysis of 3-D NoC architectures and progresses to a discussion of NoC resource allocation, processor traffic modeling, and formal verification, with an examination of protocols at different layers of abstraction. An exploration of design methodologies, CAD tool development, and system testing, as well as communication protocol, the text highlights important emerging research issues, such as Resource Allocation for Quality of Service (QoS) on-chip communication Testing, verification, and network design methodologies Architectures for interconnection, real-time monitoring, and security requirements Networks-on-Chip Protocols Presents a flexible MPSoC platform to easily implement multimedia applications and evaluate future video encoding standards This useful guide tackles power and energy issues in NoC-based designs, addressing the power constraints that currently limit the embedding of more processing elements on a single chip. It covers traffic modeling and discusses the details of traffic generators. Using unique case studies and examples, it covers theoretical and practical issues, guiding readers through every phase of system design.

High Performance System-on-chip Communication Architectures

High Performance System-on-chip Communication Architectures
A Book

by Nan Wang

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 200
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Network-on-Chip Security and Privacy

Network-on-Chip Security and Privacy
A Book

by Prabhat Mishra,Subodha Charles

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021-06-04
  • Pages : 496
  • ISBN : 3030691314
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides comprehensive coverage of Network-on-Chip (NoC) security vulnerabilities and state-of-the-art countermeasures, with contributions from System-on-Chip (SoC) designers, academic researchers and hardware security experts. Readers will gain a clear understanding of the existing security solutions for on-chip communication architectures and how they can be utilized effectively to design secure and trustworthy systems.

Designing Network On-Chip Architectures in the Nanoscale Era

Designing Network On-Chip Architectures in the Nanoscale Era
A Book

by Jose Flich,Davide Bertozzi

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2010-12-18
  • Pages : 528
  • ISBN : 1439837112
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Going beyond isolated research ideas and design experiences, Designing Network On-Chip Architectures in the Nanoscale Era covers the foundations and design methods of network on-chip (NoC) technology. The contributors draw on their own lessons learned to provide strong practical guidance on various design issues. Exploring the design process of the network, the first part of the book focuses on basic aspects of switch architecture and design, topology selection, and routing implementation. In the second part, contributors discuss their experiences in the industry, offering a roadmap to recent products. They describe Tilera’s TILE family of multicore processors, novel Intel products and research prototypes, and the TRIPS operand network (OPN). The last part reveals state-of-the-art solutions to hardware-related issues and explains how to efficiently implement the programming model at the network interface. In the appendix, the microarchitectural details of two switch architectures targeting multiprocessor system-on-chips (MPSoCs) and chip multiprocessors (CMPs) can be used as an experimental platform for running tests. A stepping stone to the evolution of future chip architectures, this volume provides a how-to guide for designers of current NoCs as well as designers involved with 2015 computing platforms. It cohesively brings together fundamental design issues, alternative design paradigms and techniques, and the main design tradeoffs—consistently focusing on topics most pertinent to real-world NoC designers.

Network-on-Chip

Network-on-Chip
The Next Generation of System-on-Chip Integration

by Santanu Kundu,Santanu Chattopadhyay

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-09-03
  • Pages : 388
  • ISBN : 1466565276
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Addresses the Challenges Associated with System-on-Chip Integration Network-on-Chip: The Next Generation of System-on-Chip Integration examines the current issues restricting chip-on-chip communication efficiency, and explores Network-on-chip (NoC), a promising alternative that equips designers with the capability to produce a scalable, reusable, and high-performance communication backbone by allowing for the integration of a large number of cores on a single system-on-chip (SoC). This book provides a basic overview of topics associated with NoC-based design: communication infrastructure design, communication methodology, evaluation framework, and mapping of applications onto NoC. It details the design and evaluation of different proposed NoC structures, low-power techniques, signal integrity and reliability issues, application mapping, testing, and future trends. Utilizing examples of chips that have been implemented in industry and academia, this text presents the full architectural design of components verified through implementation in industrial CAD tools. It describes NoC research and developments, incorporates theoretical proofs strengthening the analysis procedures, and includes algorithms used in NoC design and synthesis. In addition, it considers other upcoming NoC issues, such as low-power NoC design, signal integrity issues, NoC testing, reconfiguration, synthesis, and 3-D NoC design. This text comprises 12 chapters and covers: The evolution of NoC from SoC—its research and developmental challenges NoC protocols, elaborating flow control, available network topologies, routing mechanisms, fault tolerance, quality-of-service support, and the design of network interfaces The router design strategies followed in NoCs The evaluation mechanism of NoC architectures The application mapping strategies followed in NoCs Low-power design techniques specifically followed in NoCs The signal integrity and reliability issues of NoC The details of NoC testing strategies reported so far The problem of synthesizing application-specific NoCs Reconfigurable NoC design issues Direction of future research and development in the field of NoC Network-on-Chip: The Next Generation of System-on-Chip Integration covers the basic topics, technology, and future trends relevant to NoC-based design, and can be used by engineers, students, and researchers and other industry professionals interested in computer architecture, embedded systems, and parallel/distributed systems.

Software Tools for Modeling and Simulation of On-chip Communication Architectures

Software Tools for Modeling and Simulation of On-chip Communication Architectures
A Book

by Xinping Zhu

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2005
  • Pages : 294
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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On-chip Communication

On-chip Communication
System-level Architectures and Design Methodologies

by Kanishka Lahiri

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2003
  • Pages : 452
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Multiprocessor Systems-on-chips

Multiprocessor Systems-on-chips
A Book

by Ahmed Amine Jerraya,Wayne Wolf

  • Publisher : Morgan Kaufmann
  • Release : 2005
  • Pages : 581
  • ISBN : 012385251X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The first book to survey this emerging field in digital system design.

Design and Test of Platform-Based SOC with Advanced On-Chip Communication Architectures

Design and Test of Platform-Based SOC with Advanced On-Chip Communication Architectures
A Book

by 張欽堯

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2013
  • Pages : 111
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Networks-on-Chip

Networks-on-Chip
From Implementations to Programming Paradigms

by Sheng Ma,Libo Huang,Mingche Lai,Wei Shi

  • Publisher : Morgan Kaufmann
  • Release : 2014-12-04
  • Pages : 382
  • ISBN : 0128011785
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Networks-on-Chip: From Implementations to Programming Paradigms provides a thorough and bottom-up exploration of the whole NoC design space in a coherent and uniform fashion, from low-level router, buffer and topology implementations, to routing and flow control schemes, to co-optimizations of NoC and high-level programming paradigms. This textbook is intended for an advanced course on computer architecture, suitable for graduate students or senior undergrads who want to specialize in the area of computer architecture and Networks-on-Chip. It is also intended for practitioners in the industry in the area of microprocessor design, especially the many-core processor design with a network-on-chip. Graduates can learn many practical and theoretical lessons from this course, and also can be motivated to delve further into the ideas and designs proposed in this book. Industrial engineers can refer to this book to make practical tradeoffs as well. Graduates and engineers who focus on off-chip network design can also refer to this book to achieve deadlock-free routing algorithm designs. Provides thorough and insightful exploration of NoC design space. Description from low-level logic implementations to co-optimizations of high-level program paradigms and NoCs. The coherent and uniform format offers readers a clear, quick and efficient exploration of NoC design space Covers many novel and exciting research ideas, which encourage researchers to further delve into these topics. Presents both engineering and theoretical contributions. The detailed description of the router, buffer and topology implementations, comparisons and analysis are of high engineering value.

Multicore Systems On-Chip: Practical Software/Hardware Design

Multicore Systems On-Chip: Practical Software/Hardware Design
A Book

by Abderazek Ben Abdallah

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-07-20
  • Pages : 273
  • ISBN : 9491216929
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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System on chips designs have evolved from fairly simple unicore, single memory designs to complex heterogeneous multicore SoC architectures consisting of a large number of IP blocks on the same silicon. To meet high computational demands posed by latest consumer electronic devices, most current systems are based on such paradigm, which represents a real revolution in many aspects in computing. The attraction of multicore processing for power reduction is compelling. By splitting a set of tasks among multiple processor cores, the operating frequency necessary for each core can be reduced, allowing to reduce the voltage on each core. Because dynamic power is proportional to the frequency and to the square of the voltage, we get a big gain, even though we may have more cores running. As more and more cores are integrated into these designs to share the ever increasing processing load, the main challenges lie in efficient memory hierarchy, scalable system interconnect, new programming paradigms, and efficient integration methodology for connecting such heterogeneous cores into a single system capable of leveraging their individual flexibility. Current design methods tend toward mixed HW/SW co-designs targeting multicore systems on-chip for specific applications. To decide on the lowest cost mix of cores, designers must iteratively map the device’s functionality to a particular HW/SW partition and target architectures. In addition, to connect the heterogeneous cores, the architecture requires high performance complex communication architectures and efficient communication protocols, such as hierarchical bus, point-to-point connection, or Network-on-Chip. Software development also becomes far more complex due to the difficulties in breaking a single processing task into multiple parts that can be processed separately and then reassembled later. This reflects the fact that certain processor jobs cannot be easily parallelized to run concurrently on multiple processing cores and that load balancing between processing cores – especially heterogeneous cores – is very difficult.

Reconfigurable Networks-on-Chip

Reconfigurable Networks-on-Chip
A Book

by Sao-Jie Chen,Ying-Cherng Lan,Wen-Chung Tsai,Yu-Hen Hu

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2014-03-03
  • Pages : 206
  • ISBN : 9781489999733
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides a comprehensive survey of recent progress in the design and implementation of Networks-on-Chip. It addresses a wide spectrum of on-chip communication problems, ranging from physical, network, to application layers. Specific topics that are explored in detail include packet routing, resource arbitration, error control/correction, application mapping, and communication scheduling. Additionally, a novel bi-directional communication channel NoC (BiNoC) architecture is described, with detailed explanation. Written for practicing engineers in need of practical knowledge about the design and implementation of networks-on-chip; Includes tutorial-like details to introduce readers to a diverse range of NoC designs, as well as in-depth analysis for designers with NoC experience to explore advanced issues; Describes a variety of on-chip communication architectures, including a novel bi-directional communication channel NoC. From the Foreword: Overall this book shows important advances over the state of the art that will affect future system design as well as R&D in tools and methods for NoC design. It represents an important reference point for both designers and electronic design automation researchers and developers. --Giovanni De Micheli

Pipelined Multiprocessor System-on-Chip for Multimedia

Pipelined Multiprocessor System-on-Chip for Multimedia
A Book

by Haris Javaid,Sri Parameswaran

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-11-26
  • Pages : 169
  • ISBN : 3319011138
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book describes analytical models and estimation methods to enhance performance estimation of pipelined multiprocessor systems-on-chip (MPSoCs). A framework is introduced for both design-time and run-time optimizations. For design space exploration, several algorithms are presented to minimize the area footprint of a pipelined MPSoC under a latency or a throughput constraint. A novel adaptive pipelined MPSoC architecture is described, where idle processors are transitioned into low-power states at run-time to reduce energy consumption. Multi-mode pipelined MPSoCs are introduced, where multiple pipelined MPSoCs optimized separately are merged into a single pipelined MPSoC, enabling further reduction of the area footprint by sharing the processors and communication buffers. Readers will benefit from the authors’ combined use of analytical models, estimation methods and exploration algorithms and will be enabled to explore billions of design points in a few minutes.

Interconnect-Centric Design for Advanced SOC and NOC

Interconnect-Centric Design for Advanced SOC and NOC
A Book

by Jari Nurmi,H. Tenhunen,J. Isoaho,Axel Jantsch

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2006-03-20
  • Pages : 454
  • ISBN : 1402078366
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In Interconnect-centric Design for Advanced SoC and NoC, we have tried to create a comprehensive understanding about on-chip interconnect characteristics, design methodologies, layered views on different abstraction levels and finally about applying the interconnect-centric design in system-on-chip design. Traditionally, on-chip communication design has been done using rather ad-hoc and informal approaches that fail to meet some of the challenges posed by next-generation SOC designs, such as performance and throughput, power and energy, reliability, predictability, synchronization, and management of concurrency. To address these challenges, it is critical to take a global view of the communication problem, and decompose it along lines that make it more tractable. We believe that a layered approach similar to that defined by the communication networks community should also be used for on-chip communication design. The design issues are handled on physical and circuit layer, logic and architecture layer, and from system design methodology and tools point of view. Formal communication modeling and refinement is used to bridge the communication layers, and network-centric modeling of multiprocessor on-chip networks and socket-based design will serve the development of platforms for SoC and NoC integration. Interconnect-centric Design for Advanced SoC and NoC is concluded by two application examples: interconnect and memory organization in SoCs for advanced set-top boxes and TV, and a case study in NoC platform design for more generic applications.