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Online Arab Spring

Online Arab Spring
Social Media and Fundamental Change

by Reza Jamali

  • Publisher : Chandos Publishing
  • Release : 2014-12-03
  • Pages : 200
  • ISBN : 1780634382
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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What is the role of social media on fundamental change in Arab countries in the Middle East and North Africa? Online Arab Spring responds to this question, considering five countries: Egypt, Libya, Jordan, Yemen, and Tunisia, along with additional examples. The book asks why the penetration rate for social media differs in different countries: are psychological and social factors at play? Each chapter considers national identity, the legitimacy crisis, social capital, information and media literacy, and socialization. Religious attitudes are introduced as a key factor in social media, with Arabic countries in the Middle East and North Africa being characterized by Islamic trends. The insight gained will be helpful for analysing online social media effects internationally, and predicting future movements in a social context. provides innovative interdisciplinary research, incorporating media studies, cultural aspects, identity and psychology presents a detailed study of factors such as national heritage, cultural homogeneity, belief system and consumer ethnocentrism focuses on religious attitudes in the context of online media

Killing the Arab Spring

Killing the Arab Spring
A Book

by Hasan Afif el-Hasan

  • Publisher : Algora Publishing
  • Release : 2019-05-01
  • Pages : 234
  • ISBN : 1628943491
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Killing the Arab Spring tells the stories of the Arab Spring uprising in 15 Middle East states, from the point of view of a secular Middle Eastern political analyst familiar with the politics, the culture of the people and the history of the area. Dr. Hasan views the vast majority of the Arab rulers deriving their absolute authority from inheritance or military coups, or in the case of the Saudis from conquest, not at the pleasure of the governed. Arab leaders do not believe that government is a trust on behalf of the people. They believe that if there is democracy and their societies are composed of equal and competing individuals, there will be a tendency towards anarchy. People involved in the Arab Spring uprisings demanded inclusive and equitable democracy, social justice and economic development. There were no civil society institutions strong enough to challenge the weapons of authoritarianism that included ideology, repression, payoffs and the solidarity of the crony capitalists. The author argues that Saddam Hussein’s 1980 war on Iran was the spark that started a chain of bloody wars and events which eventually led to the US invasion of Iraq and the Arab Spring uprisings. The revolts and the counter revolts took different forms in each country based on its history, the type of government and the economy. The author argues that the Arab Spring is a step of a long process toward democracy rather than an aberration between periods of authoritarian regimes. To understand the Arab Spring causes and its aftermath, the book provides the reader with a review of the Middle East common culture that includes the history of Islamic religion, Islamic-sects and Arab tribalism, and brief history of each country. There are few activities more controversial than writing history of a nation involved in a conflict. Even while witnessing history unfolding in a country, different historians provide different narratives, different causes and different conclusions. This becomes more obvious when the history of the conflicts is viewed through the prism of the politics of sectarianism ethnicity and tribalism. The author strives for an objective view, but he does not hide his strong support to liberal democracy and human rights.

New Media Discourses, Culture and Politics After the Arab Spring

New Media Discourses, Culture and Politics After the Arab Spring
Case Studies from Egypt and Beyond

by Eid Mohamed,Aziz Douai

  • Publisher : I.B. Tauris
  • Release : 2022-01-27
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN : 0755640500
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book investigates the interplay between media, politics, religion, and culture in shaping Arabs' quest for more stable and democratic governance models in the aftermath of the “Arab Spring” uprisings. It focuses on online mediated public debates, specifically user comments on online Arab news sites, and their potential to re-engage citizens in politics. Contributors systematically explore and critique these online communities and spaces in the context of the Arab uprisings, with case studies, largely centered on Egypt, covering micro-bloggers, Islamic discourse online, Libyan nationalism on Facebook, and a computational assessment of online engagement, among other topics.

The Arab Uprisings

The Arab Uprisings
What Everyone Needs to Know

by James L. Gelvin

  • Publisher : OUP Us
  • Release : 2015
  • Pages : 210
  • ISBN : 0190222751
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Explores all aspects of the revolutionary protests that have rocked the Middle East since December 2010, looking at such topics as the role of youth, labor and religious groups and discussing the implications of the uprisings. Simultaneous.

Democracy's Fourth Wave?

Democracy's Fourth Wave?
Digital Media and the Arab Spring

by Philip N. Howard,Muzammil M. Hussain

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2013-03-29
  • Pages : 162
  • ISBN : 0199323658
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Did digital media really "cause" the Arab Spring, or is it an important factor of the story behind what might become democracy's fourth wave? An unlikely network of citizens used digital media to start a cascade of social protest that ultimately toppled four of the world's most entrenched dictators. Howard and Hussain find that the complex causal recipe includes several economic, political and cultural factors, but that digital media is consistently one of the most important sufficient and necessary conditions for explaining both the fragility of regimes and the success of social movements. This book looks at not only the unexpected evolution of events during the Arab Spring, but the deeper history of creative digital activism throughout the region.

How Information Warfare Shaped the Arab Spring

How Information Warfare Shaped the Arab Spring
The Politics of Narrative in Egypt and Tunisia

by Nathaniel Greenberg

  • Publisher : EUP
  • Release : 2019-07
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN : 9781474453950
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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On January 28 2011 WikiLeaks released documents from a cache of US State Department cables stolen the previous year. The Daily Telegraphin London published one of the memos with an article headlined 'Egypt protests: America's secret backing for rebel leaders behind uprising'. The effect of the revelation was immediate, helping set in motion an aggressive counter-narrative to the nascent story of the Arab Spring. The article featured a cluster of virulent commentators all pushing the same story: the CIA, George Soros and Hillary Clinton were attempting to take over Egypt. Many of these commentators were trolls, some of whom reappeared in 2016 to help elect Donald J. Trump as President of the United States. This book tells the story of how a proxy-communications war ignited and hijacked the Arab uprisings and how individuals on the ground, on air and online worked to shape history.

Social Media in the Arab World

Social Media in the Arab World
Communication and Public Opinion in the Gulf States

by Barrie Gunter,Mokhtar Elareshi,Khalid Al-Jaber

  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Release : 2016-04-21
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 0857728350
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Following the Arab Spring, the use of social media has become instrumental in organising activist movements and spreading political dissent in the Middle East. New online behaviours have transformed traditional communication channels, enabling young people of all backgrounds to feel politically empowered. But now that spring has turned to winter, what are the long-term implications of internet activism in the region? Social Media in the Arab World provides a unique insight into the role of online communications as a force for change in the Gulf States. Featuring examples as diverse as neo-patrimonial politics in Saudi Arabia and the ways an online presence affects the status of women in Kuwait, the chapters examine shifts in the political, social and religious identities of citizens as a result of increased digital activism. With contributions from a variety of inter-disciplinary experts, this wide-ranging study examines the consequences of changing power dynamics brought about by popular social media. In doing so, this book offers an original perspective on the long-term implications of internet usage in the Arab world and is essential reading for students and researchers working across the region.

The Impact of Management Reconstruction on Corporate Social Responsibility Online Reporting by Libyan Oil Companies in the Wake of the Arab Spring

The Impact of Management Reconstruction on Corporate Social Responsibility Online Reporting by Libyan Oil Companies in the Wake of the Arab Spring
A Book

by Tariq Saleh Almontaser

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2019
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Libya in the Arab Spring

Libya in the Arab Spring
The Constitutional Discourse since the Fall of Gaddafi

by Nadine Schnelzer

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-11-10
  • Pages : 105
  • ISBN : 3658113820
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book sketches the discourse about a new constitution in Libya since 2011. Applying a discourse analytical approach, the author identifies societal cleavages that have come to the fore in Libya’s transitional period. The debate has focused on democracy, federalism, decentralisation and localisation, the role of religion, women in politics as well as ethnic minorities. The strategies followed to ensure representation in the constitutional process have included civil disobedience, affirmative action and force. The effects of raising demands in these ways have been changes in the constitutional process and institutional design of Libya’s interim political institutions rather than promises that particular demands as to the content of the constitution would be met. The general prevention of a public discourse and competition along societal cleavages under Gaddafi’s totalitarian ideology has resulted in an all-out resurgence of splits along ethnic, regional and other lines.The work was awarded the Christoph Schumann Memorial Prize of the University of Erlangen.

Blogtivist

Blogtivist
An Exploration of an Online Activist Game Inspired by the Arab Spring Revolution

by Fayssal Itani

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2013
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Palestinian Youth Activism in the Internet Age

Palestinian Youth Activism in the Internet Age
Online and Offline Social Networks after the Arab Spring

by Albana S. Dwonch

  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Release : 2019-10-31
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN : 1838600663
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Since the Arab uprisings of 2011, Palestinian youth movements have formed unofficial and leaderless networks of political activism, using the internet to mobilise and bring together three generations of Palestinian activists. This book focuses on three key case studies that have marked a turning point in the development of youth-organised and grassroots Palestinian politics: the 15 March movement in Gaza, the Palestinians for Dignity movement in the West Bank, and the Prawer movement of young Palestinians in Israel. Drawing on extensive fieldwork composed of interviews with leading Palestinian activists in the West Bank and Gaza and detailed analysis of social media patterns, this book offers a fresh reading of Palestinian youth and their central online and offline role in popular protests against both Israeli and Palestinian power structures.

The Arab Uprising

The Arab Uprising
The Unfinished Revolutions of the New Middle East

by Marc Lynch

  • Publisher : PublicAffairs
  • Release : 2013-01-08
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 9781610392358
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Barely a year after the self-immolation of a young fruit seller in Tunisia, a vast wave of popular protest has convulsed the Middle East, overthrowing long-ruling dictators and transforming the region’s politics almost beyond recognition. But the biggest transformations of what has been labeled as the “Arab Spring” are yet to come. An insider to both American policy and the world of the Arab public, Marc Lynch shows that the fall of particular leaders is but the least of the changes that will emerge from months of unrest. The far-ranging implications of the rise of an interconnected and newly-empowered Arab populace have only begun to be felt. Young, frustrated Arabs now know that protest can work and that change is possible. They have lost their fear—meanwhile their leaders, desperate to survive, have heard the unprecedented message that killing their own people will no longer keep them in power. Even so, as Lynch reminds us, the last wave of region-wide protest in the 1950s and 1960s resulted not in democracy, but in brutal autocracy. Will the Arab world’s struggle for change succeed in building open societies? Will authoritarian regimes regain their grip, or will Islamist movements seize the initiative to impose a new kind of rule? The Arab Uprising follows these struggles from Tunisia and Egypt to the harsh battles of Yemen, Bahrain, Syria, and Libya and to the cautious reforms of the region’s monarchies. It examines the real meaning of the rise of Islamist movements in the emerging democracies, and the longterm hopes of a generation of activists confronted with the limits of their power. It points toward a striking change in the hierarchy of influence, as the old heavyweights—Iran, Al Qaeda, even Israel—have been all but left out while oil-rich powers like Saudi Arabia and “swing states” like Turkey and Qatar find new opportunities to spread their influence. And it reveals how America must adjust to the new realities. Deeply informed by inside access to the Obama administration’s decision-making process and first-hand interviews with protestors, politicians, diplomats, and journalists, The Arab Uprising highlights the new fault lines that are forming between forces of revolution and counter-revolution, and shows what it all means for the future of American policy. The result is an indispensible guide to the changing lay of the land in the Middle East and North Africa.

The Arab Spring

The Arab Spring
Change and Resistance in the Middle East

by David W. Lesch,Mark L. Haas

  • Publisher : Westview Press
  • Release : 2012-11-27
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 9780813348193
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Arab Spring unexpectedly developed in late 2010 with peaceful protests in a number of Arab countries against long-standing, entrenched regimes, and rapid political change across the region ensued. The Arab Spring: Change and Resistance in the Middle East examines these revolutions and their aftermath. Noted authorities writing specifically for this volume contribute chapters focusing on countries directly or indirectly involved, illuminating the immediate and long-term impacts of the revolutions in the region and throughout the world. A thoughtful concluding chapter ties together key themes, while also delineating persistent myths and misinterpretations. This is an essential volume for students and scholars of the Middle East, as well as anyone seeking a fuller understanding of region and what may lie ahead.

Arab Culture

Arab Culture
Arab Spring, Arabian Horse, Coffee, Star Academy Arab World, Arabic Literature, List of Shoe Throwing Incidents, Women's Literary Salons

by Source Wikipedia

  • Publisher : Booksllc.Net
  • Release : 2013-09
  • Pages : 144
  • ISBN : 9781230756868
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 142. Chapters: Arab Spring, Arabian horse, Coffee, Star Academy Arab World, Arabic literature, List of shoe throwing incidents, Women's literary salons and societies in the Arab World, Islamic philosophy, Education in the Middle East and North Africa, Arabic music, Ishmael, Arab cuisine, Keffiyeh, Hagar, Layla and Majnun, Muhammad (name), Harem, Dabke, Musta'arabi Jews, Arabization, Culture of Somaliland, Namus, Pearl Roundabout, History of Arabs in Afghanistan, Kocek, Dewaniya, 2008 Arab Capital of Culture, Arab wedding, Arabian mythology, Nabulsi soap, List of Arab scientists and scholars, Arab cuisine of the Persian Gulf, 2009 Arab Capital of Culture, Mashrabiya, Arab cinema, The Arab Mind, Magic carpet, Supreme Council of Antiquities, Project of Translation from Arabic, Janbiya, Sawiris Cultural Award, Museum of Islamic Art, Cairo, Arab Chess Championship. Excerpt: The Arab Spring (Arabic:, ) is a revolutionary wave of demonstrations, protests, and civil wars in the Arab world that began on 18 December 2010. To date, rulers have been forced from power in Tunisia, Egypt, Libya, and Yemen; civil uprisings have erupted in Bahrain and Syria; major protests have broken out in Algeria, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Morocco, and Sudan; and minor protests have occurred in Mauritania, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Djibouti, and Western Sahara. There were border clashes in Israel in May 2011, and the protests in Iranian Khuzestan by the Arab minority erupted in 2011 as well. Weapons and Tuareg fighters returning from the Libyan civil war stoked a simmering conflict in Mali which has been described as "fallout" from the Arab Spring in North Africa. The sectarian clashes in Lebanon were described as a spillover violence of the Syrian uprising and hence the regional Arab Spring. In September 2012, a wave of social protests by Palestinians demanded...

Transitional Justice and the Arab Spring

Transitional Justice and the Arab Spring
A Book

by Kirsten J. Fisher,Robert Stewart

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2015-03-24
  • Pages : 244
  • ISBN : 1135984956
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents a varied and critical picture of how the Arab Spring demands a re-examination and re-conceptualization of issues of transitional justice. It demonstrates how unique features of this wave of revolutions and popular protests that have swept the Arab world since December 2010 give rise to distinctive concerns and problems relative to transitional justice. The contributors explore how these issues in turn add fresh perspective and nuance to the field more generally. In so doing, it explores fundamental questions of social justice, reconstruction and healing in the context of the Arab Spring. Including the perspectives of academics and practitioners, Transitional Justice and the Arab Spring will be of considerable interest to those working on the politics of the Middle East, normative political theory, transitional justice, international law, international relations and human rights.

The Muslim Brotherhood

The Muslim Brotherhood
The Arab Spring and its future face

by Beverley Milton-Edwards

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2015-12-14
  • Pages : 234
  • ISBN : 1317333659
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Muslim Brotherhood is the most significant and enduring Sunni Islamist organization of the contemporary era. Its roots lie in the Middle East but it has grown into both a local and global movement, with its well-placed branches reacting effectively to take the opportunities for power and electoral competition offered by the Arab Spring. Regarded by some as a force of moderation among Islamists, and by others as a façade hiding a terrorist fundamentalist threat, the potential influence of the Muslim Brotherhood on Middle Eastern politics remains ambiguous. The Muslim Brotherhood: The Arab Spring and its Future Face provides an essential insight into the organisation, with chapters devoted to specific cases where the Brotherhood has important impacts on society, the state and politics. Key themes associated with the Brotherhood, such as democracy, equality, pan-Islamism, radicalism, reform, the Palestine issue and gender, are assessed to reveal an evolutionary trend within the movement since its founding in Egypt in 1928 to its manifestation as the largest Sunni Islamist movement in the Middle East in the 21st century. The book addresses the possible future of the Muslim Brotherhood; whether it can surprise sceptics and effectively accommodate democracy and secular trends, and how its ascension to power through the ballot box might influence Western policy debates on their engagement with this manifestation of political Islam. Drawing on a wide range of sources, this book presents a comprehensive study of a newly resurgent movement and is a valuable resource for students, scholars and policy makers focused on Middle Eastern Politics.

Social Media and the Politics of Reportage

Social Media and the Politics of Reportage
The 'Arab Spring'

by Saba Bebawi,Diana Bossio

  • Publisher : Palgrave Macmillan
  • Release : 2014-09-23
  • Pages : 160
  • ISBN : 9781137361394
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Social Media and the Politics of Reportage explores the role of social media, such as Facebook, Twitter and blogs, within the field of global journalism with a focus on the recent protests during the 'Arab Spring'. The book is timely as it deals with the transforming media landscape during crisis reporting as a result of the rise of social media news coverage and usage. Specifically, this book focuses on the journalistic challenges, issues and opportunities that have arisen as a result of social media increasingly being used as a form of crisis reporting. The 'Arab Spring' has been represented in the mainstream media as a 'social media revolution'; the hyperbole of headlines claims a seismic shift away from the traditional news correspondence and towards an era of citizen journalism and social media reporting.

Arab Spring

Arab Spring
The New Middle East in the Making (Essays)

by Hichem Karoui

  • Publisher : Createspace Independent Pub
  • Release : 2012-09-01
  • Pages : 344
  • ISBN : 9781479276585
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This is a collection of essays written about the Arab revolts, and trying to answer the questions many people are raising: why did such revolts occur? Were they preceded by precursory signs? What role played the domestic political elite in toppling the dictators? What role played the foreign powers? What were the claims of the protesters? Were they manipulated? How about the political process that followed the downfall of Ben Ali, Mubarak, Gaddafi, Ali Abdullah Saleh? What about the neighboring countries? How did the contagion occur? Is the revolt still expanding? Will it reach other countries? How about the monarchies? How about the reactions of Israel, Iran, Turkey, the USA and Europe? What about Syria and Lebanon? Why did the Islamists succeed in the first free elections organized in Tunisia and Egypt? Are the countries of the Arab spring going to be led by anti-liberal, anti-Western elite? Is it the beginning of the greatest change in the modern history of the Arab region? Are there new values of the Arab spring? Are they different from the values of the West? These are some of the questions the author tries to investigate and fathom through a systematic monitoring of the events preceding and following the Tunisian revolt in January 14, 2011.

The Differential Impact of Women's Participation in the Arab Spring - Social Media, Information Technology, Group Identities, Egypt, Yemen, Bahrain, Barriers to Protest, Gender Participation

The Differential Impact of Women's Participation in the Arab Spring - Social Media, Information Technology, Group Identities, Egypt, Yemen, Bahrain, Barriers to Protest, Gender Participation
A Book

by U. S. Military,Department of Defense (DoD),U. S. Government

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2017-04-12
  • Pages : 83
  • ISBN : 9781521057803
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Arab Spring protests in 2011 uprooted regimes, challenged authoritarian leaders, and provided protesters new tools for mobilization. The use of social media and the involvement of women in public protests indicated changing protest repertoires and movement demographics in many countries. When women protested in 2011, they mobilized both physically and virtually. Assessing the influence women exert in social movements through social media can provide insights into factors that make a social movement successful. This thesis ascertains that women physically mobilized to participate in the Arab Spring protests in Egypt, Yemen, and Bahrain. In Egypt and Bahrain, women also mobilized virtually using social media, while in Yemen women participated through traditional forms of social mobilization. An assessment of Twitter data in Egypt and Bahrain indicates that women communicated out to others more than their male counterparts, while men received more information from others. Data also indicates that women followed significantly more sources of information than men, thus contributing to the diversity of online protest networks. Notably, women represented nearly fifty percent of the most connected users in the Egyptian Twitter data, communicating to nearly twice as many users and following four times as many information sources, as their male counterparts. CHAPTER I - INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND * A. RESEARCH PROBLEM AND SIGNIFICANCE * 1. Women, Information Technology, and Social Media in the Middle East * 2. Significance of Women's Participation in Online Activism * B. LITERATURE REVIEW * 1. Social Movements * 2. Social Media and Networks * 3. Women and Social Movements * 4. Intersections Between Social Movements, Social Media, and Gender Participation * a. Nonviolence * b. Diversity and Innovation * c. Creation of Group Identities * d. Communications * e. Lowering Costs and Barriers to Protest * f. Summary * C. METHODOLOGY * D. CONCLUSION * CHAPTER II - GENDERED CONTRIBUTIONS TO SOCIAL MOVEMENT SUCCESS * A. INTRODUCTION: ARE WOMEN ORCHESTRATORS? * B. WOMEN'S MOBILIZATION AND NONVIOLENCE: PREFERENCES, PRACTICES, AND OUTCOMES * C. DIVERSITY, INNOVATION, AND WOMEN'S CONTRIBUTIONS * D. GENDER AND THE CREATION OF GROUP IDENTITIES * E. COMMUNICATION AND GENDER * F. LOWERED COSTS AND BARRIERS TO PROTEST * G. CONCLUSION * CHAPTER III - INTRODUCTION TO THE CASE STUDIES * A. EGYPT * B. YEMEN * C. BAHRAIN * D. SOCIAL MEDIA: THE REVOLUTIONARY'S MEGAPHONE * 1. Years of Practice * 2. #Mobilization * 3. Repression * E. WOMEN: ON THE STREETS AND ON THE WEB * 1. Gender and Nonviolent Protest * 2. Contributions to Diversity and Innovation * 3. Collective Identity * 4. Communication * 5. Lowering Barriers to Protest * F. CONCLUSION * CHAPTER IV - DATA * A. INTRODUCTION * 1. Key Findings * 2. Twitter Data. * B. EGYPT * 1. Egypt Centrality Score Comparison * 2. Egypt User Activity Comparison * C. YEMEN * D. BAHRAIN * 1. Bahrain Centrality Score Comparison * 2. Bahrain User Activity Comparison * E. CONCLUSION * CHAPTER V - CONCLUSION * A. DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS * B. AREAS FOR FUTURE RESEARCH * C. CONCLUSION * APPENDIX * METHODOLOGY * A. DATA SET * B. DATA STRUCTURING * C. ANALYSIS * 1. Centrality Scores * 2. User Activity Measures * D. CHALLENGES

Shades of Expression

Shades of Expression
Online Political Journalism in the Post-colour Revolution Nations

by Simon Gwyn Roberts

  • Publisher : University of Chester
  • Release : 2013
  • Pages : 188
  • ISBN : 1908258071
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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