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Organic Nanoreactors

Organic Nanoreactors
From Molecular to Supramolecular Organic Compounds

by Samahe Sadjadi

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2016-03-28
  • Pages : 584
  • ISBN : 0128018100
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Organic Nanoreactors: From Molecular to Supramolecular Organic Compounds provides a unique overview of synthetic, porous organic compounds containing a cavity which can encapsulate one or more guest(s). Confined space within a nanoreactor can isolate the guest(s) from the bulk and effectively influence the reaction inside the nanoreactor. Naturally occurring enzymes are compelling catalysts for selective reactions as their three-dimensional structures build up clefts, caves, or niches in which the active site is located. Additionally, reactive sites carrying special functional groups allow only specific reagents to react in a particular way, to lead to specific enantiomers as products. Equipped with suitable functional groups, then, nanoreactors form a new class of biomimetic compounds, which have multiple important applications in the synthesis of nanomaterials, catalysis, enzyme immobilization, enzyme therapy, and more. This book addresses various synthetic, organic nanoreactors, updating the previous decade of research and examining recent advances in the topic for the first comprehensive overview of this exciting group of compounds, and their practical applications. Bringing in the Editor’s experience in both academic research and industrial applications, Organic Nanoreactors focuses on the properties and applications of well-known as well as little-examined nanoreactor compounds and materials and includes brief overviews of synthetic routes and characterization methods. Focuses on organic nanoreactor compounds for greater depth Covers the molecular, supramolecular, and macromolecular perspectives Compiles previous and current sources from this growing field in one unique reference Provides brief overviews of synthetic routes and characterization methods

Nanoreactor Engineering for Life Sciences and Medicine

Nanoreactor Engineering for Life Sciences and Medicine
A Book

by Katharina Landfester,Agnes Ostafin

  • Publisher : Artech House
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 283
  • ISBN : 1596931590
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This trail-blazing volume covers nanoreactor essentials, including a review of synthetic procedures and materials used to develop various nanoreactor configurations. It explores nanoreactor theory and design, highlighting the fundamental differences between molecular events in macroscale and nanoscale reactors. The book offers a clear look at the dominating role of interfaces and how they affect nanoreactor properties and processes. Moreover, it shows how chemical reaction engineering can be applied in analyzing thermodynamics of self-assembly, colloidal stability, reaction kinetics and stochastic effects, and nanoreactor optimization. The book explores integrated nanoreactor systems, covering a theoretical treatment of how nanoreactors can be mobilized inside cells and tissues or as nanostructured films or coatings. Supported by over 100 diagrams and 250 equations, this definitive resource spotlights 14 bionanoreactor systems in development, including organic polymers, vesicles, polymer-stabilized liposomes, artificial protein cages, stem cells, DNA architectures, and others.

Green Approaches in Medicinal Chemistry for Sustainable Drug Design

Green Approaches in Medicinal Chemistry for Sustainable Drug Design
A Book

by Bimal K. Banik

  • Publisher : Advances in Green Chemistry
  • Release : 2020-04
  • Pages : 610
  • ISBN : 0128175923
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Extensive experimentation and high failure rates are a well-recognised downside to the drug discovery process, with the resultant high levels of inefficiency and waste producing a negative environmental impact. Sustainable and Green Approaches in Medicinal Chemistry reveals how medicinal and green chemistry can work together to directly address this issue. After providing essential context to the growth of green chemistry in relation to drug discovery in Part 1, the book goes on to identify a broad range of practical methods and synthesis techniques in Part 2. Part 3 reveals how medicinal chemistry techniques can be used to improve efficiency, mitigate failure and increase the environmental benignity of the entire drug discovery process, whilst Parts 4 and 5 discuss natural products and microwave-induced chemistry. Finally, the role of computers in drug discovery is explored in Part 6.

Supramolecular Catalysts: Design, Fabrication, And Applications

Supramolecular Catalysts: Design, Fabrication, And Applications
A Book

by Wang Leyong,Su Cheng-yong

  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release : 2020-03-23
  • Pages : 608
  • ISBN : 9811217815
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advanced Functional Solid Catalysts for Biomass Valorization

Advanced Functional Solid Catalysts for Biomass Valorization
A Book

by Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain,Putla Sudarsanam

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-05-29
  • Pages : 274
  • ISBN : 0128226730
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advanced Functional Solid Catalysts for Biomass Valorization presents the basic concepts in catalysis (homogeneous, heterogeneous, and enzymatic) and the properties of various kinds of heterogeneous solid catalysts, including their structure, porosity, particle size, BET surface area, acid-base, and redox properties. Useful information about biorefineries, types of biomass feedstocks, their structures and properties as well as about several potential catalytic routes for biomass upgrading to useful fuels and chemicals is provided in this book. Importantly, this book covers the most recent developments toward functionalization of various solid catalysts, optimization of catalysts’ properties, developing cascade catalytic strategies, exploring reaction kinetics/mechanisms, and evaluating catalysts’ stability/reusability during biomass upgrading. Current challenges and opportunities for the future biorefineries as well as for the design of advanced functional solid catalysts are critically discussed. Describes catalysis as a promising technology for the development of eco-friendly and economically viable strategies for several important energy and environmental applications. Covers heterogeneous solid catalysts because of their versatile benefits in terms of catalysts’ synthesis, production cost, stability, and reusability as compared to homogeneous liquid catalysts. Provides promising strategies for the design of new catalytic materials, such as carbon materials, metal–organic frameworks, zeolites, and mesoporous silicas. Describes functional solid catalysts for developing one-pot cascade processes for efficient biomass valorization and other vital chemical transformations.

Philosophical Transactions

Philosophical Transactions
Mathematical, physical, and engineering sciences. Series A

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Molecular Encapsulation

Molecular Encapsulation
Organic Reactions in Constrained Systems

by Udo H. Brinker,Jean-Luc Mieusset

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2011-07-07
  • Pages : 520
  • ISBN : 1119957109
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The inclusion of small guest molecules within suitable host compounds results in constrained systems that imbue novel properties upon the incarcerated organic substrates. Supramolecular tactics are becoming widely employed and this treatise spotlights them. Often, the impact of encapsulation on product formation is substantial. The use of constrained systems offers the means to steer reactions along desired pathways. A broad overview of various supramolecular approaches aimed to manipulate chemical reactions are featured. The following topics are covered in detail: - general concepts governing the assembly of the substrate with the reaction vessel - preparation of molecular reactors - stabilization of reactive intermediates - reactions in water, in organic solvents, and in the solid state - photochemical reactions - reactions with unusual regioselectivity Molecular Encapsulation: Organic Reactions in Constrained Systems is an essential guide to the art of changing the outcome and the selectivity of a chemical reaction using nano-sized reaction vessels. It will find a place on the bookshelves of students and researchers working in the areas of supramolecular chemistry, nanotechnology, organic and pharmaceutical chemistry, and materials science as well.

Organic/inorganic Hybrid Materials

Organic/inorganic Hybrid Materials
Symposium Held ...

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A Synthesis Route for Ellipticine Via Sulfur Extrusion & Synthesis of Organic/inorganic Composite Nanoparticles

A Synthesis Route for Ellipticine Via Sulfur Extrusion & Synthesis of Organic/inorganic Composite Nanoparticles
A Book

by Steven Craig Farmer

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2002
  • Pages : 436
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Russian Chemical Reviews

Russian Chemical Reviews
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Materials Science & Engineering

Materials Science & Engineering
Biomimetic and supramolecular systems. C

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2003
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Polymeric Materials in Organic Synthesis and Catalysis

Polymeric Materials in Organic Synthesis and Catalysis
A Book

by Michael R. Buchmeiser

  • Publisher : Wiley-VCH
  • Release : 2003-09-29
  • Pages : 559
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Publisher description

Handbook of Organic-inorganic Hybrid Materials and Nanocomposites: Nanocomposites

Handbook of Organic-inorganic Hybrid Materials and Nanocomposites: Nanocomposites
A Book

by Hari Singh Nalwa

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2003
  • Pages : 386
  • ISBN : 9781588830296
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Electrical, Optical, and Magnetic Properties of Organic Solid State Materials

Electrical, Optical, and Magnetic Properties of Organic Solid State Materials
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1997
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Electrical, optical, and magnetic properties of organic solid-state materials IV

Electrical, optical, and magnetic properties of organic solid-state materials IV
symposium held December 1-5, 1997, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.A.

by John R. Reynolds

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1998-05-06
  • Pages : 954
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The MRS Symposium Proceeding series is an internationally recognised reference suitable for researchers and practitioners.

Index to Theses with Abstracts Accepted for Higher Degrees by the Universities of Great Britain and Ireland and the Council for National Academic Awards

Index to Theses with Abstracts Accepted for Higher Degrees by the Universities of Great Britain and Ireland and the Council for National Academic Awards
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Encyclopedia of Materials

Encyclopedia of Materials
Science and Technology

by K. H. J. Buschow

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2001
  • Pages : 9913
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Accompanyind CR-ROM conrtains The Encyclopedia of Materials Science and Technology on a web access disc.

Laser Processing of Materials and Industrial Applications II

Laser Processing of Materials and Industrial Applications II
16-19 September 1998, Beijing, China

by Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers,Zhongguo guang xue xue hui

  • Publisher : Society of Photo Optical
  • Release : 1998
  • Pages : 528
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A study of the laser processing of materials and industrial applications. Papers include: laser drilling for improving circuit board manufacturing; laser ablation of PMMA doped with benzyl; and pulsed-laser deposition of high-purity TiN thin films.

Enzyme‐MOF Nanoreactor Activates Nontoxic Paracetamol for Cancer Therapy

Enzyme‐MOF Nanoreactor Activates Nontoxic Paracetamol for Cancer Therapy
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2018
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Abstract: Prodrug activation, by exogenously administered enzymes, for cancer therapy is an approach to achieve better selectivity and less systemic toxicity than conventional chemotherapy. However, the short half‐lives of the activating enzymes in the bloodstream has limited its success. Demonstrated here is that a tyrosinase‐MOF nanoreactor activates the prodrug paracetamol in cancer cells in a long‐lasting manner. By generating reactive oxygen species (ROS) and depleting glutathione (GSH), the product of the enzymatic conversion of paracetamol is toxic to drug‐resistant cancer cells. Tyrosinase‐MOF nanoreactors cause significant cell death in the presence of paracetamol for up to three days after being internalized by cells, while free enzymes totally lose activity in a few hours. Thus, enzyme‐MOF nanocomposites are envisioned to be novel persistent platforms for various biomedical applications. Abstract : Covert delivery : Demonstrated here is activation of the prodrug paracetamol, by a tyrosinase‐MOF nanoreactor, in cancer cells in a long‐lasting manner. By generating reactive oxygen species and depleting glutathione, the product of the enzymatic conversion of paracetamol is toxic to drug‐resistant cancer cells. Tyrosinase‐MOF nanoreactors cause significant cell death in the presence of paracetamol for up to three days after being internalized by cells, while free enzymes lose activity in a few hours. MOF=metal–organic framework.

Dissertation Abstracts International

Dissertation Abstracts International
The sciences and engineering. B

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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